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1.

Q: How many American Colonies were there that went to war with Great Britain in the American
War of Independence?
A: 9
B: 12
C: 13
D: 50
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2. Q: What year was the Constitution of the United States formulated?
A: 1887
B: 1776
C: 1797
D: 1787
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3. Q: What year was the Stamp Act crisis?
A: 1765
B: 1770
C: 1759
D: 1760
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4. Q: "What philosopher stated that all individuals possessed certain ""natural rights""-such as life,
liberty, and the pursuit of propery?"
A: John Adams
B: John Locke
C: John Smith
D: John Wesley
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5. Q: Who urged the House of Burgesses to condemn the Stamp Act?
A: Henry James
B: George Washinton
C: Patrick Henry
D: John Adams
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6. Q: Who forcibly prevented the distribution of stamps and forced the resignation of the stamp
collectors?
A: The Freedom Force
B: US Calvary
C: The Boston Militia
D: Sons of Liberty
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7. Q: Who came up the the Townshend Acts?
A: Charles Townshend
B: John Dickenson
C: King William II
D: William Pitt
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8. Q: What were the Townshend Acts?
A: Tax's on sugar
B: Dutie's on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea
C: Laws against murder
D: Laws against freedom of religion
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9. Q: Who protested by meeting to spin yarn for cloth and avoid purchasing cloth from British
manufacturers?
A: Daughters of Liberty
B: Wifes of Hope
C: Freedom Sewers
D: Women of Freedom
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10. Q: "Who said that the British government should: ""Repeal the laws, renounce the right, recall
the troops, refund the money, and return to the old method of requisition.""?"
A: King George III
B: Benjamin Franklin
C: Frederick North
D: Thomas Hutchinson
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11. Q: Who was the governor of Massachusetts in the early 1770s who was for an independent
American colonies?
A: Benjamin Franklin
B: James Madison
C: Patrick Henry
D: Thomas Hutchinson
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12. Q: What was the incident where British troops fired on a mob, killing five people in Boston, later
called?
A: Boston Massacre
B: Boston Tea Party
C: Boston Killing
D: Tax Massacre
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13. Q: What British customs ship did a Rhode Island mob destroy?
A: Gaspee
B: George
C: William
D: Elizabeth
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14. Q: Who helped establish the Committee of Correspondence in the Massachusetts assembly?
A: Patrick Henry
B: Samuel Adams
C: Lord North
D: John Adams
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15. Q: The Boston Tea Party took place in?
A: 1775
B: 1771
C: 1773
D: 1768
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16. Q: Who secured the Tea Act to assist the East India Company?
A: Samuel Adams
B: Thomas Jefferson
C: William Howard
D: Lord North
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17. Q: What did the patriots disguise themselves as at the Boston Tea Party?
A: Fish
B: Native Americans
C: Pirates
D: Women
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18. Q: Where was The first Continental Congress held?
A: Boston
B: Richmand
C: Jamestown
D: Philadelphia
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19. Q: Who warned the colonial militia that British General Gage was coming?
A: Patrick Henry
B: Thomas Jefferson
C: Paul Revere
D: Samuel Adams
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20. Q: Where were the first battles between the British army and the colonial militia?
A: Boston and Philadelphia
B: Lexington and Concord
C: Concord and Boston
D: Lexington and Philadelphia
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21. Q: Who wrote Common Sense?
A: Thomas Paine
B: Thomas Jefferson
C: Samuel Adams
D: John Adams
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22. Q: Who led the Continental Army?
A: Samual Adams
B: George Washington
C: Patrick Henry
D: Charles Lee
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23. Q: Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
A: George Washington
B: Samuel Adams
C: Thomas Jefferson
D: John Hancock
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24. Q: When did congress order the publication of the Declaration of Independence?
A: June 3, 1776
B: July 1, 1776
C: July 4, 1776
D: September 3, 1776
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25. Q: What document declared the colonies as the free and independent United States of America.
A: Bill of Rights
B: Common Sense
C: Declaration of Independence
D: The Freedom Essay
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26. Q: What European countries did the American Colonies receive crucial aid from?
A: Germany and Russia
B: Italy and Greece
C: Sweden and Norway
D: Spain and France
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27. Q: What was the largest active force the Continental Army ever had at one time?
A: 150,000 Troops
B: 85000 Troops
C: 24,000 Troops
D: 175,000 Troops
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28. Q: Where was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War fought?
A: Boston
B: Saratoga
C: Yorktown
D: Philadelphia
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29. Q: Where was the Battle of Bunker Hill?
A: Boston
B: Philadelphia
C: Saratoga
D: Yorktown
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30. Q: Who was the British General at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
A: Gage
B: Howe
C: North
D: Hutchinson
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31. Q: Where was North Carolina Governor Josiah Martin's force defeted by the patriots
A: Battle of Bunker Hill
B: Battle of Yorktown
C: Battle of Germantown
D: Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
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32. Q: Who led the forces that took Fort Ticonderoga?
A: George Washington
B: Benjamin Franklin
C: Ethan Allen
D: Richard Montgomery
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33. Q: Who led the Continental Army across the Delaware?
A: Charles Lee
B: George Washington
C: Philip Schuyler
D: Guy Carleton
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34. Q: What countries troops did Washington defeat at Trenton after crossing the Delaware?
A: Germany
B: France
C: Spain
D: Italy
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35. Q: Where did 2,500 of 11,000 of Washington's troops die from exposure or disease during a
winter encampment?
A: Germantown
B: Brandywine
C: Princeton
D: Valley Forge
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36. Q: Where did the patriots receive their first major victory causing British General Burgoyne to
surrender?
A: White Plains
B: Bennington
C: Saratoga
D: Yorktown
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37. Q: Who forced General Burgoyne to surrender at Saratoga?
A: Charles Lee
B: Horatio Gates
C: Benedict Arnold
D: George Washington
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38. Q: What British general defeated Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden?
A: Howe
B: Cornwallis
C: Clinton
D: North
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39. Q: What captain captured the British sloop Drake and the warship Serapis?
A: Harry Lee
B: Horatio Gates
C: John Paul Jones
D: Daniel Morgan
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40. Q: What treaty concluded the American Revolution?
A: Treaty of Yorktown
B: Treaty of London
C: Treaty of Philadelphia
D: Treaty of Paris
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41. Q: Who drafted the Articles of Confederation?
A: John Adams
B: John Dickinson
C: Thomas Jefferson
D: John Hancock
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42. Q: The 1976 Shays' Rebellion led by Daniel Shays was over what major issue?
A: religion
B: land rights
C: debt
D: slavery
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43. Q: At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, who proposed the New Jersey Plan?
A: James Madison
B: Alexander Hamilton
C: Ben Franklin
D: William Patterson
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44. Q: At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, who proposed the Virginia Plan?
A: James Madison
B: Alexander Hamilton
C: George Washington
D: Willaim patterson
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45. Q: At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Virginia Plan proposed?
A: One vote for each state
B: Very limited National government
C: A three part national government: house, exectutive, and judiciary
D: One house based on population
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46. Q: What compromise was made to ease representation issues surrounding the population
differences of states?
A: An upper house based on population, a lower with equal representation
B: An upper house with equal representation, a lower based on population
C: Presidential vote based on population
D: A single parliament
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47. Q: At the Constitutional Convention, what percentage of slaves was agreed upon to count
towards representation?
A: 60%
B: 50%
C: 40%
D: 30%
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48. Q: Under the Constitutional Convention of 1787, to limit popular power, the Presendent would be
elected by?
A: State Legistlature
B: Electoral College
C: State Governors
D: State Senators
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49. Q: Under the Constitutional Convention of 1787, to limit popular power, Senators would be
elected by?
A: State Legistlature
B: Electoral College
C: State Governors
D: House of Representatives
-------------------------------------
50. Q: What papers did John Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay write to convince people
that states would retain power under the Constitution?
A: Freedom Essays
B: The Republic
C: The Federalist
D: The libertarians
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51. Q: What year was the Constitution finally ratified?
A: 1777
B: 1787
C: 1788
D: 1789
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52. Q: Who was the first president of the USA?
A: George Washington
B: James Madison
C: Benjamin Franklin
D: Samuel Adams
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53. Q: How many states first ratified the Constitution?
A: 13
B: 11
C: 10
D: 9
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54. Q: Who led the Colonial troops at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
A: George Washington
B: Charles Lee
C: William Prescott
D: Thomas Gage
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55. Q: "Who said ""don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes""?"
A: George Washington
B: Joseph Warren
C: Willam Howe
D: William Prescott
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56. Q: Who led the Bostonians at the Boston Tea Party?
A: Samuel Adams
B: Willam Prescott
C: Paul Revere
D: Benjamin Franklin
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57. Q: Who became the third President of the United States?
A: Benjamin Franklin
B: Thomas Jefferson
C: James Madison
D: John Adams
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58. Q: "What document starts out ""We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created
equal...""?"
A: Constitution of the United States
B: Bill of Rights
C: Declaration of Independence
D: The Federalist
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59. Q: Who lived at Monticello?
A: George Washington
B: Benjamin Franklin
C: John Adams
D: Thomas Jefferson
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1) Which of the following played a role in causing the French Revolution?
a. Diminishing farming land for peasants, peasants not getting along with merchants
b. Disease, rise of Lutheran Church in France
c. Famine and a distrust of the king
d. Lack of cattle for peasants due to mad cow disease

2) What did John Marat believe strongly in?
a. Free press
b. Catholicism
c. Unfree press
d. Lutheranism

3) Who did Charlotte Cordray kill while the person was in the bathtub?
a. Louis XIV
b. Maximilian Robespierre
c. John Marat
d. Louis XV

4) What was the standing of the Catholic Church at and near the ending of the French
Revolution?
a. Most people were atheists
b. The country was still called Catholic, but the majority were Huguenots
c. The country was NOT called Catholic, because of all the Huguenots
d. The Catholic church was replaced by a Cult of Reason

5) How did France's constitution come about during Napoleon's reign?
a. He proposed it and allowed the people to vote
b. He proposed it and Parliament passed it
c. He wrote it and put it into force
d. He writes it and asks the pope for permission

7. One of the huge problems that lead to the French Revolution was
a. the economy; France had many financial problems and had been taxing the
poor outrageously
b. the economy; the Church was beginning to become low on funds, and the
king was demanding more than its annual volunteer gift
c. the social structure; women began demanding the same rights as men and
were not receiving any
d. the three estates; those who typically had the most power (the king,
nobles, and Church) were not able to impose their will on the country

8. During the first stage of the French Revolution
a. The country united in a constitutional monarchy under Jean-Paul Marat
b. Most of the peasant actually lost rights, but they understood it to be
temporary
c. The king and queen were symbolically beheaded
d Many people, especially women, gained rights

9. The second stage of the French Revolution was known as The Terror because
a. the government was quickly becoming corrupted, people were losing their
rights, and senseless violence was everywhere
b. the people began to fear they had brought the wrath of God upon
themselves
c. a new set of worships for the Temple of Reason began to dominate peoples
lives
d. the new royal army was swarming the Paris and the citizens began fearing
for their very survival

10. The major event that ended the 2
nd
stage of the French Revolution would be
a. The king and queen being brought back into power in a last, desperate
hope to save the country
b. Jean-Paul Marat enjoying a brief position of political power before being
mercilessly beheaded
c. Robespierre, the incorruptible, was finally executed after unwittingly
turning the Committee of Public Safety against him
d. Inflation soaring once again, making the peasants so fearful that they
killed their representative, Necker
14) Which Event or Time Period caused the Ideology of the French Revolution?
A) The 30 Years War
B) The Enlightenment
C) The Renaissance
D) War of the 3 Henrys

15) Who was the King during the 1
st
stage of the French Revolution?
A) Henry of Navarre
B) Charles VIII
C) Louis XI
D) Louis XVI

16) Robespierre led the 2
nd
stage of the Revolution known as
A) The Fear
B) The Terror
C) The Enlightenment
D) The Guillotine Era
17) A new constitution was issued in 1795 where a committee of 5 men was created
known as
A) The Directory
B) The committee of 5
C) The French Men
D) The Kings Men

18) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels created their own kind of Socialism which was
called
A) Karlism
B) Engelism
C) Marxism
D) Divine Right Socialism

19. The National Assemblys initial goal was to:
a. Create a new constitution
b. Protect the rights of the nobility
c. Get rid of counter-revolutionaries
d. Secure a peaceful transition while changing kings

20.What group was the most liberal and violent revolutionaries?
a. The Thermidorians
b. The Jacobins
c. The Girondins
d. The Sans-Culottes
e.
21. Who was the leader of the Committee for Public Safety?
a. Hebert
b. Robespierre
c. Danton
d. Morat
e.
22. What was the battle called where Napoleon was defeated for the last time?
a. Battle of Borodino
b. Waterloo
c. Leipzig
d. Battle of the Nile
e.
23. Which country did not belong to the Congress of Vienna
a. Prussia
b. Russia
c. United Kingdom
d. Italy

24. Conservatism of the 1800s advocates for:
a. The status quo
b. Basic rights
c. The creation of nation-states
d. Capitalism
e.
25. Which of these was NOT a cause of the French Revolution?
A) Calling the Estates General
B) Political and Social Inequalities
C) Bankruptcy of the Government
D) The rise of Napoleon

26. What was stage one of the French Revolution called?
A) The Great Terror
B) the National Assembly and Constitutional Monarchy
C)The National Convention
D)The Estates General

27 .Who took over during the third stage of the French Revolution?
A) William III and Mary II
B) Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
C) Napoleon Bonaparte of Genoa
D) Louis XVI and the Estates General

28. What religion did Napoleon bring back into France?
A) French Huguenots
B) Dutch Humanism
C) Roman Catholicism
D) The Anglican Church

30.Who was the leader of the National Assembly?
A. Danton
B. Louis XVI
C. Marat
D. Robespierre

31.Which of these changed during the de-Christianization of France?
A. the calendar- year, months and days
B. food
C. Names of the kings of France
D. nothing changed

32.The Napoleonic Code was
A. An agreement between Napoleon and the Church.
B. A code that said no one could trade with England, and was also a new constitution
C. A just and legal system based on Ancient Roman law that organized the many
laws of France into one easy to follow system
D. A code that said that Napoleon ruled everything.


35. Which of the following items is NOT a cause of the French Revolution?
A. Louis XVI was attempting to overthrow Parliament
B. An extremely large amount of debt after lots of wars
C. High unemployment rates
D. Extremely high bread taxes
E. Louis XVI was a schlub (A person regarded as clumsy, stupid, and unattractive)

36. What was the meeting called that, while in session, made the Tennis Court Oath?
A. The Estates General
B. The Bastille Takeover
C. The National Assembly
D. United Sovereign State Regional

37. What year marks the start of the rule of radicals in French history, also known as
the beginning of the Second Stage by some historians?
A. 1791-92
B. 1789
C. 1790
D. 1776-77

38. What happened in the 3rd stage of the French Revolution?
A. The radicals were all brutally killed at the Capture of the Bastille
B. Terror increased, and more people died annually than usual
C. The Revolution was over, and a new Bill of Rights was written at the start of this
stage
D. Moderate middle-class Liberals took over the government and ruled as the
Directory
After Napoleon Questions DO NOT DO YET
6) The Vienna Congress had a couple of major goals. These were to....
a. force Napoleon to resign as emperor
b. get rid of the monarchs to maintain the B.O.P.
c. restore the monarchs, maintain balance of power
d. make Europe a unified empire

33.In what year did the Congress of Vienna redraw the boarders and reinstate the
Kings of Europe.
A. 1920
B. 1815
C. 1800
D. 1768

34. Which of these is the basis for Nationalism?
A. private property should be abolished
B. planned towns
C. every culture should have their own country
D. to get rid of the conservatives.

11.Every place conquered by Napoleon received
a. excellent education, beginning from the age of five, in French studies
and philosophies
b. the French culture, including its language, food, and philosophies
c. a system of justice for civilians and criminals which had been first
created by Robespierre
d. many ideals and creations of the French Revolution, including the metric
system, the abolition of the feudal system, and many salaried members of the
government

6. Who was the leader of the Vienna Congress?
A) Metternich of Austria
B) Talleyrand of France
C) Castlereagh of England
D) Alexander I of Russia

12. France, although defeated by the European Coalition countries, received most of
its land back at the Congress of Vienna because
a. France was no longer ruled by Napoleon and the other countries wanted to
preserve the balance of power
b. It had been his degree that upon his death his son should help divide his
land, and his son was intent on carrying this out
c. The other countries were all prepared to go to war with each other, which
was the last thing anyone wanted at the moment
d. France was unable to rule across the wide space and unfamiliar terrain,
and in the end it was decided that it was best for everything to go back to
the way it was before

13.In contrast to the ideals of the century before, Romanticism emphasized
a. God and His angels
b. perfection and intricacy
c. beauty and a sense of connection
d. feelings and nature

29. Which of the following did Metternich support?
A) Liberalism
B) Conservatism
C) Communism
D) Capitalism


Which is generally a characteristic of a communist economy?
1. investment is encouraged by the promise of large profits
2. the role of government in the economy is restricted by law
3. government agencies are involved in production planning
4. entrepreneurs sell shares in their companies to the government
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: A communist, or command economy, controls the means of production
by having governmental agencies involved in production planning.

Russian Revolution: Question 2 of 22
A group of planners makes all economic decisions. The group assigns natural,
human, and capital resources to the production of those goods and services it wants.
The group decides how to produce them and to whom to distribute them

This description best applies to the
1. manorial economy of feudal Europe
2. mercantile economy of 18th century Europe
3. command economy of the Soviet Union
4. market economy of the United States
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: In a command economy, such as that of the communist Soviet Union,
the government controls all aspects of production.

Russian Revolution: Question 3 of 22
Which situation resulted from the Russo-Japanese War of 1905?
1. Japan lost its status as a world power
2. the Japanese Emperor encouraged reforms in Russia
3. dissident groups challenged the power of the Russian Czar
4. Russia gained control of China and Japan
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: Russias loss to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War (1905) indicated that
there was a weakness in the Russian government which led to a series of
confrontations between Czar Nicholas II and Russian dissidents.

Russian Revolution: Question 4 of 22
Stalins Five-Year Plans and his decision to form collectives are examples of
1. strategies to modernize the economy of the Soviet Union through forced
communism
2. a more friendly foreign policy toward China
3. methods of dealing with the United States during the Cold War
4. programs to westernize, educate, and enlighten the population
Correct Answer Number: 1
Explanation: In a command economy, such as that of the communist Soviet Union,
the government controls all aspects of production.

Russian Revolution: Question 5 of 22
A major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the
1. defeat of Germany in the Russian campaign
2. marriage of Czar Nicholas II to a German princess
3. existence of sharp economic differences between social classes
4. appeal of Marxism to the Russian nobility
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: A rigid class system existed in Russia which allowed landowning
nobles, priests, and the Czar to live well, while the peasant class faced many
hardships, including poor working conditions in urban areas, poverty, and constant
food shortages.

Russian Revolution: Question 6 of 22
Which is an accurate statement about the Soviet economy under the leadership of
Joseph Stalin?
1. a large selection of consumer goods became available
2. the Soviet Union increased its industrial output by developing heavy industry
3. private farmers were encouraged to sell their surplus produce in an open
market
4. the government reduced its role in planning industrial production
Correct Answer Number: 2
Explanation: A communist, or command economy, controls the means of production
by having governmental agencies involved in production planning. Stalin used this
system to control the Soviet economy and increase production in heavy industry.

Russian Revolution: Question 7 of 22
A major effect of Josef Stalins policy of Collectivization on Soviet agriculture was
1. a widespread food shortage throughout the nation
2. an increase in the export of agricultural products
3. a surplus of agricultural goods
4. the immediate creation of many small private farms
Correct Answer Number: 1
Explanation: A communist, or command economy, controls the means of production
by having governmental agencies involved in production planning. In the Soviet
Union, this system led to widespread food shortages as production goals were seldom
met.

Russian Revolution: Question 8 of 22
One action taken by both V.I. Lenin and Joseph Stalin was
1. attempting to bring democracy to Russia
2. jailing or murdering potential opponents
3. supporting the Russian Orthodox Church
4. providing economic aid to Japan after World War I and World War II
Correct Answer Number: 2
Explanation: Totalitarian governments often resort to violence and terror as a means
to control their country.

Russian Revolution: Question 9 of 22
The Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in the 1917 Revolutions mainly
because the Bolsheviks promised to
1. establish collective farms
2. maintain the agricultural price-support system
3. bring modern technology to Russian farms
4. redistribute the land owned by the nobility
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Russian peasants lived in poverty and faced constant food shortages
due to the lack of land to cultivate. Most of the arable land belonged to the nobility.
Redistribution of this land would alleviate many of the peasant's problems.

Russian Revolution: Question 10 of 22
Which statement best describes the political situation in the Soviet Union
immediately after Lenins death in 1924?
1. the nation adopted a constitutional monarchy
2. Trotsky and his followers assumed full control of the Communist Party
3. popular elections were held to choose a new general secretary
4. a power struggle developed among Communist Party leaders
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: A power struggle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky erupted
after the death of Lenin. Stalin managed to outmaneuver Trotsky, who was forced out
of the Communist Party and into exile. An agent of Stalin later assassinated Trotsky.

Russian Revolution: Question 11 of 22
The term that best describes the position of Jews in Czarist Russia is
1. political elite
2. persecuted minority
3. landed gentry
4. military leaders
Correct Answer Number: 2
Explanation: Jews in Czarist Russia suffered under an anti-Semitic regime.

Russian Revolution: Question 12 of 22
the organizations of the revolutionaries must consist first, foremost, and mainly of
people who make revolutionary activity their professionsuch an organization must
of necessity be not too extensive and as secret as possible
-V.I. Lenin, 1917

This quotation refers to Lenins plan to
1. defeat Germany in World War I
2. establish democracy in Russia
3. maintain communist power in Western Europe
4. overthrow the Russian government
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: V.I. Lenin was the architect of the Russian Revolution. Together with
Leon Trotsky, he adapted Marxist ideas to fit the Russian situation and overthrew the
weak and corrupt Czarist regime.

Russian Revolution: Question 13 of 22
The 1917 victory of the communists in Russia was a contradiction of Marxist theory
because Russia was
1. already ruled by a socialist government
2. involved in World War I
3. mainly an agricultural society
4. not considered to be a military power
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: Marxs ideas on political revolutions mainly concerned the plight of
the poor working class in industrial societies.

Russian Revolution: Question 14 of 22
Josef Stalins leadership of the Soviet Union can best be characterized as a period of
1. democratic reform and nationalism
2. humanism and democracy
3. religious freedom and tolerance
4. censorship and terror
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. This form of
government consist of a one party dictatorship that often rules through terror and
violence, while attempting to control all aspects of the lives of the citizens.

Russian Revolution: Question 15 of 22
The political reorganization of Russia after the Communist Revolution of 1917
resulted in
1. the establishment of a two-party political system
2. increased political power for ethnic minorities
3. a limited monarchy with the czar as a figurehead
4. a federation of socialist republics
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: After the Revolution, Lenin and the Communists gained control over
much of the old Russian Empire. They renamed this the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, with Russia, the largest republic, in control. The Soviet Union consisted
of diverse peoples throughout both Europe and Asia.

Russian Revolution: Question 16 of 22
Under Josef Stalin, the Soviet Union emphasized centralized economic planning and
Five-Year Plans primarily to
1. produce more consumer goods
2. expand exports
3. create a demand for high-quality imports
4. develop heavy industry
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Stalin attempted to build the Soviet Union into an industrialized nation
quickly through the use of central planning and his Five Year Plans.

Russian Revolution: Question 17 of 22
Which characteristic was common to both Russia under the Czars and the Soviet
Union under Josef Stalin?
1. a lack of concern about territorial expansion
2. support of artistic and literary freedom
3. encouragement of free enterprise
4. persecution of political dissenters
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Both the Czars and Stalin used terror and violence to control all
aspects of the lives of their citizens. They did not allow free speech or expression, so
often political dissenters were jailed of executed.

Russian Revolution: Question 18 of 22
Under Joseph Stalin, life in the Soviet Union was characterized by
1. an abundance of consumer goods
2. political instability and numerous civil wars
3. support for small family-run farms
4. the use of censorship and the secret police
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Stalin used terror and violence in an attempt to control all aspects of
the lives of the citizens. A main tool of this policy was a secret police, which often
jailed or executed political dissenters.

Russian Revolution: Question 19 of 22
Which slogan expressed the ideals of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917?
1. Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity
2. Bread, Land, and Peace
3. Land and Liberty
4. Nationalism, Democracy, and the Peoples Livelihood
Correct Answer Number: 2
Explanation: The early goals of the Bolshevik Party were to remove Russia from
World War One, redistribute land to the peasants, and ensure that everyone had
enough to eat.

Russian Revolution: Question 20 of 22
Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in 1917 primarily because the Bolsheviks
pledged to
1. establish and maintain collective farms
2. redistribute land and make peace
3. keep crop yields low
4. limit the income of the nobility
Correct Answer Number: 2
Explanation: The early goals of the Bolshevik Party were to remove Russia from
World War One, redistribute land to the peasants, and ensure that everyone had
enough to eat.

Russian Revolution: Question 21 of 22
Which statement best describes a relationship between World War I and the
Bolshevik Revolution?
1. World War I created conditions in Russia that helped trigger a revolution.
2. World War I postponed the revolution in Russia by restoring confidence in
the Czar.
3. Opposing Russian forces cooperated to fight the foreign invaders.
4. World War I gave the Czars army the needed experience to suppress the
revolution.
Correct Answer Number: 1
Explanation: Russia performed poorly in World War One. They were ill-equipped to
deal with a modern war, which led to high casualties and a series of humiliating
defeats. This coupled with shortages of food, housing, and heating fuel created the
conditions that allowed Lenin to gain the support of the peasants by promising an end
to these problems.

Russian Revolution: Question 22 of 22
The Kirghiz with whom we stopped was very well off. . . . After some tea our host
asked me, Where is the Ak Padsha now, the White Tsar Nikolai?
He and all his family, the Tsaritsa, their daughters and son, have been killed by the
Bolsheviks, I answered.
The old man gave a deep sigh . . .And you . . . Are you one of the men of the regime
of Nikolai?
Yes, of course, I replied. I detest and despise the Bolsheviks.
The old man . . . began to blink and a tear rolled down his cheek, while the rest of the
family sobbed . . .
I was deeply touched by the scene. On this remote frontier of the Empire, . . . a
family of nomad herdsmen was weeping for the tragic death of their White Pasha, as
the Tsar was known.

In which period of time did this scene take place?
1. during the Napoleonic Wars
2. after Mao Zedong came to power
3. after the Russian Revolution
4. during World War II
Correct Answer Number: 3
Explanation: The Bolsheviks executed Czar Nicholas II and his family during the
civil war that erupted shortly after the revolution.


1. In the 1700s, the process of enclosure tended to increase:
A. farming efficiency
B. farmers' reliance on a single cash crop
C. the use of the broadcast method of seeding
D. the amount of common land available for grazing

2. How did the crop system that developed in Britain during the agricultural revolution increase
crop yields?
A. by allowing more land to rest
B. by increasing nutrients in the soil
C. by ensuring that more of the seeds that were planted actually sprouted
D. by decreasing the amount of land used to grow nutrient-depleting crops

3. All of the following were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain EXCEPT:
A. food prices decreased
B. population increased
C. the number of farmers increased
D. the average size of farms increased







This activity contains 37 questions.




Writers who identified with the mood known as "Young America"
urged all of the following EXCEPT


an American literature based on European themes and models.

an aggressive foreign policy and territorial expansion.

rapid expansion of the economy and pursuit of technological advances.

an extension of democracy and representative government.

All of the answers are correct.









In the 1820s and 1830s, California




did not impress American visitors as a suitable site for expansion.

contained a large portion of Indians who enjoyed a peaceful, profitable
coexistence with Hispanic inhabitants.

None of the answers are correct.

All of the answers are correct.

contained huge agricultural estates and large herds of cattle.








During its years as a Mexican province, Texas



attracted ever-increasing numbers of American settlers with inexpensive grants
of land.

suffered economic devastation following the panic of 1837.

became a haven for runaway slaves.

received offers of financial aid from Britain in return for a pledge to abolish
slavery.

expanded trade with Mexico along the Santa Fe Trail.









By 1830, American settlers in Texas had displeased Mexican
authorities by


failing to convert to Catholicism.

All of the answers are correct.

evading import duties on goods from the United States.

insisting on local self-government.

refusing to emancipate their slaves.









The members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(Mormons)


welcomed U.S. administration over the territory of Utah.

accepted the teachings of Brigham Young, founder of the church, following a
divine revelation in 1830.

abandoned the settlement of Nauvoo, Illinois because of economic bankruptcy.

established a permanent headquarters in New Mexico that thrives today.

invited hostility from neighboring "gentiles" because of their unorthodox beliefs
and practices.









A basic argument offered in support of manifest destiny was that



God favored American expansionism.

the United States was meant to occupy the entire North American continent.

All of the answers are correct.

American expansion would mean an extension of democracy.

population growth necessitated territorial acquisitions.









The United States and Great Britain agreed to



a compromise arrangement splitting Oregon at the 49th parallel.

submit the dispute over Oregon to international arbitration in 1845.

allow the United States sole possession of Oregon up to 54 40' latitude.

a permanent joint occupation of Oregon in 1827.

hand over Oregon to Russia in exchange for Alaska.










The United States' war with Mexico


All of the answers are correct.

lasted longer than expected because Mexico refused to make peace despite a
succession of military defeats.

was provoked by the Mexican slaughter of Texans at the Alamo.

was an unexpected and unwelcome development for the Polk administration.

was an attempt by the United States to capture control of all of Mexico.








Factors accounting for economic advances in the United States from
1830 to 1860 included all of the following EXCEPT


technological innovations and mass production techniques.

new techniques for the gathering and control of private capital.

a declining interest in agriculture.

rapidly increasing European immigration to the United States.

the railroad.









Most European immigrants to America from 1840 to 1860 came from



Switzerland and the Netherlands.

Poland and Italy.

Ireland and Germany.

Sweden and Norway.

Russia and Austria.










The invention of the telegraph by Samuel F. B. Morse


resulted from the inventor's study of art.

None of the answers are correct.

ensured a successful political career for the inventor.

produced few economic changes for the country during the inventor's lifetime.

helped create a stronger sense of connection among Americans.








Which of the following factors contributed to the defeat of Whig
candidate Henry Clay in the election of 1844?


A substantial number of Whigs defected from the party to support the
independent candidacy of President John Tyler.

Clay failed to develop an adequate platform concerning proposals for economic
recovery.

Clay made a "gentleman's agreement" with Van Buren to avoid discussion of
territorial expansion during the campaign.

None of the answers are correct.

Clay waffled on the issue of Texas annexation, losing the support of northern
anti-slavery Whigs to the Liberty Party.









The major issue of the election of 1844 concerned



nullification of the tariff.

foreign diplomacy.

abolition of slavery.

territorial expansion.

recharter of the Bank of the United States.










John Tyler could be characterized as a(n)


"accidental" president, profoundly out of sympathy with the rest of his party.

None of the answers are correct.

typical Whig who favored a strong national government in support of economic
expansion.

antislavery advocate.

opponent to the annexation of Texas.








Which of the following events of the Texas revolution is true?



Stephen F. Austin was imprisoned by Texans for his refusal to support
revolution against Mexico.

Juan Seguin led the Mexican attack on the Alamo.

Texas was immediately made a state.

San Jacinto proved to be the decisive battle of the war due to the capture of
Santa Anna by the Texan army.

Texans executed an army of 350 Mexicans at Goliad in a desire to avenge
Texan deaths at the Alamo.









All but one of President Tyler's cabinet members resigned in protest
when he vetoed a bill to


establish a new national bank.

raise the tariff.

allow squatters to occupy and buy unsurveyed public land.

distribute surplus federal funds back to the states.

prevent the expansion of slavery into any unoccupied territory.









Mexican authorities were so alarmed by the number of American
settlers in Texas by 1830 that they


canceled all land grants given to Americans.

closed the Texas border to any further American immigration.

offered to sell Texas to the U.S.

sent an invading army under the command of Santa Anna.

required the Americans to learn and speak Spanish.









The phrase "manifest destiny" expressed a popular attitude favoring



invasion of Mexico.

territorial expansion.

evangelical revivalism.

the abolition of slavery.

slavery.









The destination of most of those who took the Oregon Trail was the



Sacramento Valley.

port cities of San Diego and San Francisco.

Willamette Valley.

Great Salt Lake.

city of Seattle.









All of the following preceded the United States' war with Mexico
EXCEPT



Mexico defaulted on debts to America.

gold was discovered in California.

an emissary was sent to Mexico to try to purchase California.

Texas was annexed to the United States.

Zachary Taylor's forces occupied the territory just north of the Rio Grande.








The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was negotiated by



John Slidell.

William Seward.

Nicholas Trist.

Winfield Scott.

Santa Anna.









If it had passed Congress, the Wilmot Proviso would have



provided for immediate admission of California as a free state.

guaranteed the right to own slaves in the territory ceded by Mexico to the U.S.

reopened the territory north of 36 30' to slavery.

left the question of slavery to be decided by vote of territorial legislatures.

banned slavery from the territory ceded by Mexico to the United States.









In 1849 President Taylor outraged his southern supporters with his
proposal to


ban slavery from all U.S. territories.

require public education for slaves.


veto the Wilmot Proviso.

admit California as a free state.

endorse the concept of popular sovereignty.








The most upsetting proposal in the Compromise of 1850 to
northerners was that it


legalized slavery in Washington, D.C.

guaranteed the protection of slave property in the territories.

gave the southern states control of the Senate.

raised tariff on manufactured goods.

compelled them to cooperate in the capture of runaway slaves.









The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848



required Mexico to pay millions of dollars in debt claims to the United States.

forced Mexico to pay a $15 million war indemnity to the United States.

transferred about a third of Mexico's territory to the United States.

extended constitutional protections to Native American tribes in the lands of
the cession.

fell far short of obtaining President Polk's objectives.









Stephen F Austin



commanded the Texan army at the Battle of San Jacinto.

took advantage of Mexican land offers to settle Americans in Texas.


ordered the abolition of slavery in the Anglo settlements of Texas.

served as an army colonel during the Mexican war.

was the first president of the Republic of Texas.








The Fort Laramie Council of 1851



recognized British land claims in the Pacific Northwest.

was attended by all the major Plains tribes.

moved the Plains Indians onto reservations in Kansas and Oklahoma.

paid the Indians to reduce the range of their movement.

was the final resolution of white-Plains Indian conflict.









The campaign slogan of 1844 declaring the U.S. border of Oregon
country was at 54 40' North latitude was indicative of all of the
following EXCEPT


Polk's willingness to go to war with Great Britain for all of Oregon.

the ability of the Democrats to use expansionist rhetoric to gain popular
support.

the influence of the "Young America" movement in this time period.

the willingness of many Americans to expand the nation's boundaries by force.

the conviction that the United States should claim the west coast north to
Alaska.









The Mormons, under the direction of Brigham Young, were able to
migrate to Utah as a result of all the following EXCEPT their


ability to provide for the needs of immigrants moving west.


exceptional dedication to rugged individualism.

their belief that they were acting upon the will of God.

willingness to serve as paid soldiers in the Mexican war.

desire to create a kingdom rather than a republic.








The mining frontier was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT



a lack of willingness by settlers to respect Indian lands.

settlers interested in economic growth and political stability.

little attention to the impact of mining operations on the natural environment.

a mixed population manifesting violence and racism.

boomtowns that could rapidly appear and disappear.









The preemption acts of the 1830s and 1840s



reflected the tax-crazy mindset of the federal government.

removed Native Americans and Mexicans from federal land.

placed restrictions on public land sales after the Panic of 1837.

reflected the desire of most migrants to the West to isolate themselves from
society.

allowed settlers who had already settled on frontier land to buy it from the
government.









The experience of emigrants on the overland trails in the 1840s
included all of the following EXCEPT


a quick reversal in the traditional division of labor.


a much cheaper means of travel than it had been earlier.

better relations with the Indians than expected.

a group effort punctuated by tension and disputes.

a frantic rush to beat the snow to the Sierra Nevada Mountains.








The Mexican government wanted settlers in Texas because



it wanted to attract slave labor to the area to speed economic development.

it saw settlement as a revenue-building measure.

the area was underpopulated and a weak defensive perimeter.

it hoped to see American law introduced into the area.

it needed converts to the Roman Catholic Church.









President Polk's objectives in the Mexican war included all the
following EXCEPT


obtaining California.

ending Mexican influence in Texas.

obtaining Oregon.

obtaining New Mexico.

settling the boundary of Texas at the Rio Grande.









Most overland emigrants traveled



alone.

with people of their own religion.

without their families.


with relatives and friends.

by canal.








The Mormon settlement in Utah was characterized by all the following
EXCEPT


economic failure.

communal agriculture.

authoritarian government.

a strict theocracy.

polygamy.









All of the following resulted in territorial acquisitions for the United
States. Which was the LAST to occur?


Gadsden Purchase

Pinckney's Treaty

annexation of Texas

Oregon Treaty

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo