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í∫’®Ω’-¢√®Ωç 20 ÂÆ°dç-•®Ω’ 2007 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Adithya: So what do you want me to do? c) They wish to have some rest
(Å®·ûË †Eo-°æ¤p-úËç-îË-ߪ’-´’ç-ö«´¤?) (wish + to have - Infinitive)
Subodh: Just allow him to stay in the job É™«çöÀ verbs î√™« îª÷¨»ç éÀç-ü¿-öÀ lesson ™.
another month and then decide. É°æ¤púø’ Ñ sentence pattern study îËߪ’çúÕ.
(ÉçéÓ ØÁ© ÖüÓu-í∫ç™ ÖçúËç-ü¿’èπ◊ ņ’-´’- He wants to go =
Aç/ ÖçúøF, Ç ûª®√yûª E®Ωg-®·ç.) D†®Ωnç Åûª†’ ¢Á∞«x-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o-úøE éπü∆.
Adithya: What then? She likes to sing =
(Ç ûª®√y-ûËçöÀ?) Ç¢Á’ §ƒú≈-©-†’-èπ◊ç-öçC/ É≠æd-°æ-úø’-ûÓçC.
Subodh: Warn him strictly to mind his behav- °j pattern ™ ¢√úø-í∫-L-T† verbs ™ î√™«-¢√-öÀE
iour towards the women staff. Tell ´’†ç, Ñ éÀçC pattern ™ èπÿú≈ ¢√úø-´îª’a.
him to leave them alone or else.. He wants me to go
(Åûª†’ ؈’ ¢Á∞«x-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oúø’) 6) ... you request me to help him [request EXERCISE
(verb) + me (somebody) + to help (infinitive)]
(´’£œ«∞« Æœ•sç-C-°æôx ÅûªE v°æ´-®Ωh† Ñ pattern: Practise the following aloud in English.
7) I wish someone to conduct a workshop
N≠æߪ’ç í∫öÀdí¬ Â£«îªa-Jç. ¢√∞¡x N≠æߪ’ç He (subject) + wants (verb) + me + infinitive
°æöÀdç--éÓ-´-ü¿lE îÁ°æ¤p. ™‰èπ◊çõ‰...) [ wish (verb) + someone (somebody) + to Gopi: ©éπ~ tù˝†’ ØËE-éπ\-úÕéÀ ®Ω´’t-Ø√o†’. Åûª-Eçé¬
or else= ™‰èπ◊çõ‰... É™« ´C-™‰ÊÆh Bv´ °æJ-ù«-
Éçü¿’™ verb èπÿ infinitive èπ◊ ´’üµ¿u me ®√´úøç ®√™‰ü¿’. (tell/ ask ¢√úøçúÕ)
í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ. Compare the following. conduct (infinitive) ]
´÷--©’ -áü¿’-®Ó\-¢√Lq ´Ææ’hç-ü¿E îÁ°æpôç. îª÷¨»-®Ω’-í∫ü∆, spoken English ™ î√™« ûª®Ω-îª’í¬ Anil: ؈’ èπÿú≈ Åûª†’ ´≤ƒh-úøØË Å†’-èπ◊ç-ö«†’
Adithya: I doubt very much if he will mend. You a) He wants to go [wants (verb) ¢ÁçôØË to go
´îËa sentence pattern ÉC. (expect ¢√úøçúÕ)
are asking me to give him another (infinitive) = Åûª†’ ¢Á∞«x-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oúø’.
´’®Ó-≤ƒJ, verb + infinitive pattern èπÿ, verb + Gopi: Åûª†’ ûª†èπ◊ Ñûª ØË®Ωp-´’E ÅØ√oúø’. (want,
chance. Is that it? b) He wants me to go- [wants (verb) + me
(somebody) + to go (infinitive)] somebody+ something pattern èπÿ ûËú≈ îª÷úøçúÕ. teach ¢√úøçúÕ)
(Åûª†’ ´÷®Ω-û√-úøØËC Ø√èπ◊ ÆæçüË-£æ«¢Ë’.
(a)™´™„ é¬èπ◊çú≈, (b) ™ verb ¢Áç•úË infinitive 1 a) Do you want to sing? (verb + infinitive) = Anil: ††’o èπÿú≈ request î˨»úø’.
ÉçéÓ Å´-鬨¡ç É´’tçô’-Ø√o-´-ûª-EéÀ– ÅçûË
éπü∆?) ®√´úøç ™‰ü¿’. ´’üµ¿u™ somebody (me/ him/ her/ †’´¤y §ƒú≈-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o¢√? Gopi: ¢√∞¡x Ø√†o Åûª†’ Ñûª ØË®Ω’a-éÓ-´úøç ņ’-´’-
Is that it = ÅçûËéπü∆?/ ÅüËéπü∆? them/ us, Prasad, Sita, b) Do you want her to Aç-îª-úøô. Åçü¿’-éπE ´’†-©oC ®Ω£æ«-Ææuçí¬
Conversation ™ ¢√úøéπç áèπ◊\´. Practice etc) or something (the sing? (want + her Öçîª-´’E ÅØ√oúø’ (want ¢√úøçúÕ/ like
îËߪ’çúÕ. bus/ the car) trouble/ (somebody) + to Å®·Ø√ ÆæÍ®)
the problem/ the dis- sing (infinitive) = Anil: Å®·ûË ´’†ç ñ«ví∫ûªhí¬ Öçú≈L. Å™« Å®·ûË
Subodh: Yea. But order him strictly just to
mind his business.
ease)
îªçúÕ:
´≤ÚhçC í∫´’-Eç- -Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù 360 (†’´¤y Ç¢Á’ §ƒú≈-©-†’-
èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o¢√?)
؈-ûªEo ØË®Ω’a-èπ◊-ØËç-ü¿’èπ◊ v§Úûªq-£œ«ç-’. ¢√∞¡x-
Ø√†o ņ’-´’A BÆæ’-èπ◊E ®Ω´’tE Ææ©£æ… É≤ƒh.
(ÅçûË. Å®·ûË ûª† °æØËüÓ û√†’ îª÷Ææ’-èπ◊-
§Ò-´’tE ´÷vûªç Gopi: ´’K-´’K •A-´÷-©’-ûª’-

What do you want me to do?


í∫öÀd-í¬ØË îÁ°æ¤p/ Ø√oúø’ ØËJpç-îª-´’E.
Çñ«c-°œç) Ñûª ØË®Ω’a-èπ◊-ØËç-ü¿’èπ◊
Adithya: If he doesn't ≤ƒßª’-°æ-úøü∆ç.
mend?
Anil: Ø√éπ-®·ûË É≠ædç-™‰ü¿’.
Gopi: ÆæÍ®, -îª÷-ü∆lç.
(Å-ûª-†’ -´÷®Ωéπ-§Ú-ûË?)
mend/ mend one's ways = v°æ´-®Ωh† ´÷®Ω’a- ÉC î√™« ûª®Ω-îª’í¬ ´îËa pattern, spo- 2 a) I like to stay = ANSWER
éÓ-´ôç. ken English™.
Gopi: I have told/ asked Lakshman to come,
Subodh: You have the option. Show him the
؈’çúËçü¿’èπ◊ É≠æd-°æ-úø’-ûª’Ø√o.
É™«çöÀ pattern, you can see in the b) I like her to stay =
door. conversation at the beginning of the but he hasn't.
Anil: I expect him to come too.
ØËØ√¢Á’ Öçú≈-©E É≠æd-°æ-úø’-ûª’Ø√o.
(†’´¤y áç-èπ◊ØË °æü¿l¥A ÖçC éπü∆. lesson.
É™«çöÀ verbs questions, not ûÓ èπÿú≈ Gopi: He wanted me to teach him to swim.
•ßª’-öÀéÀ °æç°߽’.) Look at the following sentences
Adithya: You advise him to be careful then.
¢√úøû√ç. (Teach him swimming
from the conversation above: ÅØÌa)
3 a) Do you advise me to wait?
Tell him you've helped him to stay in 1) What do you want me to do? M.SURESAN Anil: He requested me too.
the job and that even if you request [ Want - verb + me (somebody) + to do -
(؈’ é¬ÊÆ°æ¤çú≈©Ø√ F Ææ©£æ…?)
Gopi: It seems his dad doesn't allow him to
me to help another time, there won't [ advise (verb) + me (somebody) + to wait
infinitive ] = †ØËoç îËߪ’-´’ç-ö«´¤? learn swimming. So he wants/ likes us to
be any use. (infinitive) ]
2) (You) warn him strictly to mind.. keep it a secret.
b) When do you expect the bus to arrive?
(Å®·ûË ÅûªEo ñ«ví∫-ûªhí¬ Öçúø-´’E Ææ©£æ… [ Warn (verb) + him (somebody) + to mind Anil: Then we should be careful. In such a
É´¤y. F Ææ£æ…-ߪ’ç-´©x ÅûªF ÖüÓu-í∫ç™ (infinitive) ] [ do expect (verb) + the bus (something)
+ to arrive (infinitive) ] = Bus case I don't encourage him to learn
3) You are asking me to give him...
ÖØ√o-úøE îÁ°æ¤p. ÅçûË-é¬-èπ◊çú≈ ´’®Ó-´÷®Ω’ á°æ¤p-úÌ-Ææ’hç-ü¿E
swimming. I'd advise him to get his dad's
[ are asking (verb) + me (somebody) + to
†’´¤y Ŷµºu-Jnç-*Ø√ v°æßÁ÷-ï†ç Öçúø-ü¿E ņ’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤?
verbs pattern practice permission.
îÁ°æ¤p.) give (infinitive) ] éÀçC †’ Ñ ™¢√úÕ îËߪ’çúÕ.
Subodh: I'll, of course. Advise allow Gopi: He is begging us to teach him. Let's help
4) Order him to mind his business (Ææ©£æ… É´yúøç), (ņ’-´’-Aç-îªôç)
ask beg command him to learn.
(îÁ§ƒh†’. ûª°æp-èπ◊çú≈) [ Order (verb) + him (somebody) + to mind (Åúø-í∫ôç), (•A-´÷-©ôç),
(infinitive) ] compel Anil: I don't like it.
Adithya: I wish some one were there to teach (Çñ«c-°œç-îªúøç), (•©-´çûªç îËߪ’úøç),
my staff elementary behaviour and encourage force Gopi: OK. Let's see.
5) You advise him to be careful.
(v§Úûªq-£œ«ç-îªôç), (•©-´çûªç
help, instruct (=teach), invite, request,
office etiquette. I want some expert to [ advise (verb) + him (somebody) + to be
îËߪ’úøç)
teach etc.
conduct a workshop on it. (infinitive) ]
(Ø√ Æœ•sç-CéÀ éπFÆæ v°æ´-®Ωh† ØËJpç-îËç-ü¿’-Èé- -v°æ-¨¡o: éÀç-C-¢√öÀéÀ ûÁ©’í∫’ ¢√é¬u©’ ûÁ- 2) He is thinking - is thinking- pre- 5) He thought- í∫ûªç™ äéπ Ææ´’-ߪ’ç™ Ææ´’-ߪ’ç™ Ç™-
´-®Ω-®·Ø√ Öçõ‰ ¶«í∫’ç-ô’çC. ü∆E-O’ü¿
workshop E®Ωy-£œ«ç-îËç-ü¿’-Èé-´-®Ω-®·Ø√ 鬢√L
©’°æí∫-©®Ω’. ví¬´’®˝ ®Ω÷™¸q Å-´- sent continuous form - is/ are Ç™-*ç-î√úø’/ ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’.  continue
Ææ®Ωç ™‰ü¿’. thinking - question form
ÉN ™ 6) He was thinking- í∫ûªç™ éÌçûª Å´ôç).
1. He thinks 2. He is thinking 11) He will have
Ø√èπ◊.) ´÷vûª¢Ë’ ´≤ƒh®·. He is thinking 鬩秃ô’ ņ’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oúø’ (ņ’-
Office etiquette - etiquette = manners 3. He has thought thought = future ™ äéπ time èπ◊
¢√úøç– He thinks ÅØË Åçö«ç. èπ◊ØË¢√úø’)/ Ç™-*ç-îË-¢√úø’.
(áöÀ-éπö¸). Office etiquette - Office ™ 4. He has been thinking 3) He has thought= a) Åûª†’ ņ’- 7) He had thought- past ™ äéπ ´·çü¿’, Ç™-*ç* Öçö«úø’.
Öçú≈-Lq† manners. 5. He thought 6. He was thinking èπ◊-Ø√oúø’/ Ç™-*ç-î√úø’ (í∫ûªç™) Ææç°∂æ’-ô† ´·çü¿’ ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’/ By this day next week he will
Workshop = àü¿-®·Ø√ Å稡ç O’ü¿ ØÁj°æ¤ùuç 7. He had thought (He has thought of buying a Ç™-*ç-î√úø’. have thought that I helped you.
≤ƒCµç-îËç-ü¿’èπ◊ îªJaç--èπ◊E Nñ«c-Ø√Eo °çéÌØË 8. He had been thinking house/ of a new plan.) He had thought so before I cor- (Å™« ņ’-èπ◊E Öçö«úø’).
Ææü¿Ææ’q. 9. He will/ shall think b) Éçûª-´-®Ωèπÿ ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√o-úø’/ - rected his opinion 12) He will have been thinking -
Subodh: That sounds good. We'll think of it. 10. He will/ shall be thinking Ç-™-*ç-î√úø’. (؈-ûªEo correct îËÊÆ ´·çü¿’ Å™« future ™ äéπ Ææ´’-ߪ÷-EéÀ ´·çü¿’-
11. He will/ shall have thought He has thought that I am a ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’.) †’ç-* Ç Æ洒ߪ’ç ´®Ωèπÿ Ç™-*-
fool, but now he knows he
(ÅC ¶«í¬ØË ÖçC. Ç™-*ü∆lç.) 8) He had been thinking so until I
12. He will/ shall have been thinking. Ææ’hç-ö«úø’.
☯ ☯ ☯ ☯ – áç.´’-ü¿-Ø˛-¢Á÷-£æ«-Ø˛-®√´¤, has made a mistake. corrected him = By this time tomorrow, he will
éÀç-ü¿-öÀ lesson ™ verbs followed by infinitives, 4) He has been thinking = correct have been thinking about it.
ï-¢√-•’: 1) He thinks = Åûª†’ ņ’-
N’®√u-©-í∫÷úÁç- í∫ûªç™ ÅûªEo ؈’ îËÊÆ ´®Ωèπ◊
ÖçúË sentence pattern îª÷¨»ç-éπü∆? (Infinitive = äéπ Æ洒ߪ’ç/ Ææç°∂æ’-ô† †’ç* Å™«ØË Å†’-èπ◊ç-ô÷ç-úË-¢√úø’ í∫´’-Eéπ: Verb think éπü∆. ´’† Ç™-îª-
to + 1st Regular Doing Word) èπ◊ç-ö«úø’ (´÷´‚-©’í¬)/ Åûª†’ ņ’- É°æpöÀ´®Ωèπÿ, Éçé¬ Å†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o-úø’/ 9) He will/ think = ņ’-èπ◊ç-ö«úø’/ Ç™- †èπ◊ Ææç•ç-Cµç-*çC. äéπ®Ω’ Çñ«c-°œÊÆh
eg: a) She wants to sing èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oúø’ (É°æ¤púø’) [Ç™-*-≤ƒhúø’ -Ç-™-*-Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’. Has been think- *-≤ƒhúø’ future ™. ´’†ç Ç™-*çîªç. Åçü¿’-éπE He sub-
ing Å®Ω’-ü¿’í¬ ¢√-úø-û√®Ω’. Has 10) He will/ be thinking = Å™« Ç™- ject Å®·-†-°æ¤púø’ think ™«çöÀ verb †’
(wants + to sing - infinitive) (´÷´‚-©’í¬)/ Ç™-*-Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’
(É°æ¤púø’)] thought áèπ◊\´, ÉüË Å®ΩnçûÓ. *Ææ÷h Öçö«úø’ (future ™ äéπ shall -ûÓ ¢√úøç.
b) He likes to go (likes + to go - infinitive)

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm