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IS 68

Tahunum. (I.at.) In Roman ur.-liitcctiire, an apartment situated in the narrow part of
tlie atrium, as is supposed, fronting the entrance. Its exact position is not now known,
and indeed the situation of it may, under circumstances, have varied; its true place
therefore must be a matter of douht.
Tabulatum. (Lat.) A term used by tlie Romans not only in respect to the floors, wains-
cottings, ceilings, &c., wliich were construct(d of wood, but also to balconies and other
projecting parts, which latter Vitruvius calls frojediones.
Tace. The name in Scotland for a Saixy.
Tacks. Small nails used for various purposes, but principally for stretching cloth upon a
TiENiA. (Gr.) The fillet which separates the Doric frieze from the architrave.
Tail. (Verb.) A term denoting the hold of any bearing piece on that which supports it,
as where the end of a timber lies or tails upon the walls. The expression is similar to
what in joinery is called housing, with this difl'erence, tliat housing expresses the complete
surrounding of the cavity of the piece Mhich is let in.
Tail Bay. See Case 15ay.
Tail 'J'uimmee. One next the wall, into which tlie ends of joists are fastened in order to
avoid flues.
Tailing. That part of a projecting stone or brick not inserted in a wall.
Tailloik. (Fr.) The name which the French give to the abacus.
Talon. (Fr.) The name given by the French to the ogee.
Tambouk. (Fr. a drum.) A term denoting the naked ground on wliich the leaves of tlie
Corinthian and Composite capitals are placed. It signifies also th? wall of a circular
temple surrounded with columns
and further the circular vertical part below a cupola
as well as aljove it.
Tangent. (I^at. Tango.) A line drawn perpondicularto the extremity of the diameter of
a circle, and therefore touchingit only atone point. In trigonometr}', it is a line drawn
perpendicularly from the extremity of the diameter, at one end of the arc, and bounded
by a straight line drawn from the centre througli the other.
Tank. A recepfcicle, generally formed under ground, for liquids, as a water tank, liquid
manure tank, &c.
Tapeeing. A term expressive of the gradual approach, as they rise, of tho sides of a body
to each other, so that if continued they would terminate in a point.
Tar. a product of the valualde family of the coniferous trees, and chiefly from the species
of pine known as the Scotch fir. It is stored up in the roots, from which it is extracted
by heat. When tar is subjectetl to heat a volatile spirit is distilled from it, leaving a
black solid mass which is termed pitch. Both have the property of resisting moisture.
Tarras. a strong cement, usetid formerly in water-works.
Tassal, Tassel, Torsi'IL, or Tossel. Tho plate of timber for the end of a beam or of a
joist to rest on, as formerly in a chimney, where the mantel tree rested on it at each
en 1.
Tavern. A house open to the public where wine is sold.
Taxis. (Gr.) A term used by Vitruvius to signify that disposition which assigns to
every part of a building its just dimensions. Modern architects have called it ordon-
Teaze Tenon. A tenon on the top of a post, with a double shoulder and tenon from each
for supporting two level pieces of timber at right angles to each otiier.
Tectorium Opus. (Lat.) A name in ancient architecture given to a species of plastering
used on tlie walls of their apartments.
Telamones. (Gr. TAocd, to support.) Figures of men used in the same manner as Cary-
atides. They are sometimes called atlantis.
Tembnos. (Gr.) The same as the Latin Temphun. See Temple.
Tempered. An epithet applied to bricks which may bo cut and reduced with case to a
required form. The term is also applied to morfeir and cement, wliich has been well
beaten and mixed together.
Templa. (Lat.) Timbers in tlie roof of the Roman temples, which rested on the ca?i(JiCrii,
or principal rafters, similar to the purlins in a modern roof.
TpjtfPLATB. An improper orthography for Templet.
Temple. (Lat.) Generally an edifice erected for the public exercise of religious worship.
Herein is described the different species of temples mentioned by Vitruvius, in Book 3 of
his work.A temple is said to be in antis when it has aiitte or pilasters in front of tin!
walls, which enclose the cells, with two columns between tho ant^e. See Fig. 1442. It
was crowned with a pediment, and was not dissimilar to the pirostylos temple, to whirli
we shall presently come. In the figure, A is the cell, a a the anta-. and if in front of
them the columns bhbh were placed, it would bo a -prostjile temph^ ; C is the door of tl e
cell, and B the pronaos. The appearance in front of tliis species is the same as the
anifhiprostylc temple, which is given inj!//. 1 113, and wherein columns are also placed