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SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE

EXAMINATION
2 1 hours
2. Section A consists of THREE questions. Candidates must answer ALL
questions in this section. Answers for this section must be written in this
answer booklet.
3. Section B consists of THREE questions. Candidates must answer ALL
questions in this section. Answers for this section must be written in the
answer booklet provided.
5. The use of non-programmable calculators is permitted, but candidates
should note that the use of an inappropriate number of figures in answers
will be penalised.
Copyright 2006 Caribbean Examinations Council .
All rights reserved.
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Answer AL L questions.
You MUST write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.
1. I n the experimental setup shown in F igure 1, avariable a.c. voltage source, VI' drives the primary
of astep down transformer of turns ratio 5000 : 600. A resistor, R = 8Q, is connected across the
secondary winding.
Table 1 shows the values obtained for V
2
when VI is varied from 0 V to 90 V.
Vj lV 0 15 30 4 5 60 75 90
V
2
1 V 0 2.0 4 .7 7.1 8.6 11 14
(a) Use the readings from Table 1 to plot a graph of V
2
vs VI on the graph page opposite.
( 6 marks)
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(ii) Describe theconstructional features of commercial transformers which minimize
the losses stated in Part (h) (i).
Table 2is an incomplete table showing the quantity to bemeasured, the instrument used
to measure thequantity and its S.l. unit.
Complete Table 2by writing inthe missing information.
Quantity to be measured Instrument S.I. Unit
Volume of aliquid
Clinical thermometer
Newton
Time Stop clock
(b) A swimming pool 30metres long is filled with water to adepth of 1 metre at the shallow
end and 5metres at thedeep end (see F igure 2not drawn to scale).
(i) ABCD thevertical cross-section through thepool has theshapeof atrapezium with
area given by:
Area ABCD = ~(AB + CD) x AD
Calculate the area ABCD.
3. (a) The THREE MAI N particles in an atom are:
A.
B.
C.
( 3marks)
(b) The corresponding location of EACH of these particles is:
A.
B.
C.
( 3marks)
(c) The particle with NO charge is called
( 1 mark)
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How many half-lives would it take for asample of Carbon-14 to be reduced to _ 1 of its
.. I ... 32
ongma mass,
(e) Given that Carbon-14 has ahalf-life of 5700 years, determine how long it would take for
this reduction to occur.
(f) Carbon dating involves the use of Carbon-14 to determine the age of ancient obj ects.
Explain how this is accomplished.
Answer AL L questions.
You MUST write your answers in the answer booklet provided.
(b) F igure 3shows awheelbarrow and stones with atotal mass of 4 3 kg. The wheelbarrow is
in equilibrium with two of the three forces acting on it shown in F igure 3.
(i) I dentify the nature and point of action of the third force acting on the wheelbarrow.
W rite down an equation showing the relationship between the THREE forces.
(ii) Calculate
Describe an experiment to verify Snell's law. State the apparatus used, your method, and
the results you would take to arrive at your conclusion. ( 6 marks)
(b) F igure 4 shows a ray oflight, XY, incident on a right-angled prism, PQR, of refractive
index 1.5. The point of incidence on PR is such that the refracted ray inside the prism is
incident on PQ.
(ii) Given that thecritical angle for theglass-air boundary, PQ, is4 1.8, deduce whether
or not there would be total internal reflection at this boundary.
The method of mixtures isused to determine the specific heat capacity ofliquids and solids
by experiment. Describe the procedure, the measurements to be taken and the use of these
measurements to obtain the result in such an experiment. ( 6 marks)
(b) I t is recommended that in order to maintain good health a person should drink at
least 4 x 10-
3
m
3
[4 kg] of water per day. Assume that this entire volume of water, initially
at lSoC, is eventually excreted as urine at 37C.
F ind the amount of heat removed each day by the quantity of urine.
[Assume thespecific heat capacity of urine = specific heat capacity of water = 4 200 J kg-
1
K-
1
,
density of urine = density of water = 1000 kg m-
3
] ( 6 marks)
(c) W hat mass of perspiration would remove the same quantity of heat as the urine in Part (b),
when completely evaporated from the skin?
Assume that evaporation is equivalent to achange of phase from liquid to vapour without
an increase in temperature.
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