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THE SALIENT FEATURES OF THE COMPREHENSIVE AGRARIAN

REFORMPROGRAM (CARP)

SPECIFIC LANDS COVERED BY CARP
a. All alienable and disposable lands of the public domain devoted to or
suitable for agriculture.
b. All lands of the public domain in excess of the specific limits as
determined by Congress in the preceding paragraph;
c. All other lands owned by the Government devoted to or suitable for
agriculture; and
d. All private lands devoted to or suitable for agriculture regardless of the
agricultural products raised or that can be raised thereon.

LANDS NOT COVERED BY CARP
1. Those which are not suitable for agriculture or those which are classified
as mineral, forest, residential, commercial or industrial lands. (Sec. 3.
(c), RA 6657);
2. Those which have been classified and approved as NON-
AGRICULTURAL prior to June 15, 1988. (DOJ Opinion No. 44, S. 1990)
3. Those which are EXEMPT pursuant to Sec. 10, RA 6657.
4. Those which are devoted to poultry, swine or livestock-raising as of
June 15, 1988 pursuant to the Supreme Court ruling on Luz Farms vs. The
Hon. Secretary of Agrarian Reform (192 SCRA 51);
5. Fishponds and prawn farms exempted pursuant to R.A. No. 7881, and
its implementingAdministrative Order No. 3, Series of 1995;
6. Those which are retained by the landowners; agricultural.
7. Those lands or portions thereof under the coverage of EO 407 but
found to be no longer suitable for agriculture and therefore, could not be
given appropriate valuation by the LBP as determined by DAR/LBP; and
8. Those lands declared by Presidential Proclamations for certain uses
other than agricultural.
PRIORITIES
Ten (10)-Year Period of Implementation
Phase One Effectivity up to not more than four (4) years.
Phase Two Immediately and up to not more than four (4) years.
Phase Three
24 to 50 hectares on the 4th year and completed within 3 years.
Retention to 24 hectares on the 6th year and completed in 4 years.
MODES of ACQUISITION
(Land Transfer Programs)
Compulsory Acquisition.
Voluntary Offer to Sell.
Voluntary Land Transfer
NON-LAND TRANSFER PROGRAMS
Agricultural Leasehold
Production and Profit Sharing
Stock Distribution Plan
QUALIFIED BENEFICIARIES
Agricultural lessees and share tenants;
Regular farmworkers;
Seasonal farmworkers;
Other farmworkers;
Actual tillers or occupants of public lands;
Collectives or cooperatives of the above beneficiaries; and
Others directly working on the land.
OTHER FEATURES OF CARP
Award Ceilings for Beneficiaries 3 hectares.
Retention Area for Landowners 5 hectares.
Transferability of Awarded Lands after 10 years.
Principle of Affordability and Subsidy.
Valuation and Mode of Compensation to Landowners.
ADMINISTRATION ADJUDICATION
(Quasi-Judicial Powers of the DARAB)
DARAB Adjudicatory Board
BARC Mediation
Administrative Implementation of CARP ALI cases
SPECIAL AGRARIAN COURT
(Regional Trial Court RTC)
Just Compensation
Prosecution of all criminal offenses