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Escola EB 2,3 FERNANDO TVORA

CINCIAS NATURAIS 7 ANO DE ESCOLARIDADE

FICHA DE TRABALHO
Nome: ______________________________________________________ Turma: ____ N: ____
A Terra um planeta dinmico em constante evoluo.
1. Defina rocha.
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2. Defina mineral.
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3. Defina rocha magmtica.
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4. Das seguintes afirmaes relativas s rochas magmticas, assinale quais as verdadeiras
(V) e quais as falsas (F).
____ a)
____ b)
____ c)
____ d)
____ e)
____ f)

As rochas magmticas classificam-se em rochas vulcnicas e plutnicas.


As rochas vulcnicas resultam da solidificao do magma numa zona interior
superfcie terrestre.
As rochas plutnicas resultam da solidificao do magma superfcie
terrestre.
As rochas plutnicas ao contrrio das vulcnicas possuem cristais grandes,
visveis a olho n e so muito compactos, sem espaos ocos.
O granito um exemplo de uma rocha vulcnica.
O basalto um exemplo de uma rocha plutnica.

5. Defina rocha sedimentar.


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6. Indique dois exemplos de rochas sedimentares.
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7. As rochas sedimentares classificam-se em rochas detrticas, quimiognicas e biognicas.
7.1. Defina rocha sedimentar detrtica.
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7.2. Indique dois exemplos de agentes erosivos que provocam a alterao e a eroso das
rochas.
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7.3. Distinga rocha sedimentar quimiognica de biognica.
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7.4. Explique, de uma forma sucinta, a formao de rochas sedimentares detrticas.
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8. Defina rocha metamrfica.
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9. Indique dois factores de metamorfismo.
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10. Indique dois exemplos de rochas metamrficas.
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11. Distinga metamorfismo de contacto de metamorfismo regional.
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12. As rochas podem derivar umas das outras no decurso de um ciclo de transformao em
que intervm factores externos e internos. A figura 1 representa as relaes entre os
diferentes tipos de rochas.

Figura 1 Ciclo das rochas.


12.1.

Faa a legenda da figura 1.


A-______________________
B-______________________
C-______________________
D-______________________
E-______________________

13. Comente a seguinte afirmao.


As rochas no so imutveis nem eternas.
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Bom trabalho!