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INNGATE 3

COMMAND LINE INTERFACE REFERENCE



DOCUMENT RELEASE 1.01

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InnGate 3 Command Line Interface Reference


This is a reference guide of the commands available in the Command Line
Interface. Many of the commands have direct GUI feature equivalents
accessible via the web-based Admin GUI and the purpose of these features
for setting up the InnGate 3 is discussed in the main Administrators Manual.
This document is intended for system and network administrators who will be
configuring and administrating the InnGate 3.






































Copyright 2002 - 2010 Advanced Network Technology Laboratories Pte Ltd.
All rights reserved.
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TRADEMARKS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The following trademarks and acknowledgments apply to the following:
The InnGate system and TruConnect technology are products and
technologies of Advanced Network Technology Laboratories Pte Ltd,
(ANTlabs). Windows and Microsoft are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation. Solaris is a registered trademark of Sun
Microsystems. All other products mentioned in this manual are
trademarks of their respective owners.

DISCLAIMER
No part of this manual may be copied, distributed, transmitted,
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or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic or
otherwise, without the express written permission of ANTlabs.

The software and accompanying written materials (including
instructions for use and this document) are provided as is without
warranty of any kind.

ANTlabs does not warrant, guarantee or make any representations
regarding the use, or the results of the use, of the software or written
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otherwise. ANTlabs reserves the right to make changes without further
notice to any products described herein to improve reliability, function
or design. This documentation is copyrighted and may not be altered
without written consent from ANTlabs.

ANTlabs reserves the right to prosecute companies or individuals who
make, distribute or use illegal copies of this software system and its
accompanying documentation.














Release Date: J uly 2010
Document Reference No: IG3-CLI


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CONTENT

Chapter 1 ................................................................................................ 6
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................. 6
1.1 Overview ............................................................................... 6
1.2 Command Syntax ................................................................... 6
Chapter 2 ................................................................................................ 8
NETWORK SERVICE COMMANDS .......................................................... 8
2.1 dns ........................................................................................ 8
2.2 email ..................................................................................... 8
2.3 inetd ..................................................................................... 9
2.4 ip .......................................................................................... 9
2.5 ntpd ..................................................................................... 10
2.6 netpx_conf ............................................................................ 11
2.7 syslog ................................................................................... 14
2.8 webpx .................................................................................. 15
2.9 websv ................................................................................... 16
Chapter 3 ............................................................................................... 17
SYSTEM SECURITY COMMANDS .......................................................... 17
3.1 webadm ............................................................................... 17
3.2 wadacc ................................................................................. 17
3.3 enasup ................................................................................. 18
3.4 passwd_sup .......................................................................... 18
Chapter 4 ............................................................................................... 19
STATUS AND LOG COMMANDS ........................................................... 19
4.1 status ................................................................................... 19
4.2 sessions ................................................................................ 19
4.3 session_log ........................................................................... 19
4.4 show .................................................................................... 19
4.5 usage_log ............................................................................. 20
4.6 users .................................................................................... 20
Chapter 5 ............................................................................................... 21
SYSTEM COMMANDS .......................................................................... 21
5.1 help ...................................................................................... 21
5.2 reboot .................................................................................. 21
5.3 shutdown .............................................................................. 21
5.4 restart .................................................................................. 21
5.5 sshtun .................................................................................. 22
5.6 check ................................................................................... 22
5.7 exit....................................................................................... 22
5.8 save_snapshot ...................................................................... 23
5.9 restore_firmware ................................................................... 23
5.10 restore_snapshot ................................................................... 23
Appendix A ............................................................................................. 24
UNIX SHELL COMMANDS .................................................................... 24

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PREFACE

AUDIENCE

This manual is intended for administrators who will be responsible for the
installation and configuration of the InnGate.

This manual details the commands accessible via the Command Line
Interface.

Administrators are expected to have a good working knowledge of networks
and TCP/IP. Knowledge of the operating environment and characteristics of
the systems used in the deployed networks are also useful.


RELATED DOCUMENTATION

You may refer to the ANTlabs homepage at http:/ / www.antlabs.com/ for
other related materials and documents released by ANTlabs.


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Send your comments via email to documentation@antlabs.com
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Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Overview
This documentation provides a reference for the various commands that are
available to aid in configuring the InnGate.

Many of the commands have direct feature equivalents accessible via the
web admin and the purpose of these features for setting up the InnGate is
discussed in the main Administrators Manual. This document only provides a
reference guide for the command usage in the CLI.

Each category of associated commands is described in individual chapters.
The various categories are as follows:

1. NETWORK SERVICE COMMANDS Commands related to setting
up the InnGate for operation on the network. See Chapter 2.

2. SYSTEM SECURITY COMMANDS Commands that manage system
security such as the administrator account details like username,
password, etc. See Chapter 3.

3. STATUS AND LOG COMMANDS Commands that show the
operational status, various system settings and historical logs. See
Chapter 4.

4. SYSTEM COMMANDS System commands manage various system
functions such as optimization, services, database, etc. See Chapter 5.

In addition, the CLI also supports a subset of the Unix Shell commands which
are listed in 5.8.

The InnGate features 2 levels of CLI access; operator mode and
supervisor mode (see Section 3.3). Commands available in the operator mode
are a subset of those in the supervisor mode.

1.2 Command Syntax
The basic command syntax is as follows:

command keywor d [ opt i on <ar gument s>]

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Some keywords are common throughout the majority of commands and are
described in the table below. The keywords apply to most commands except
the show command, where the syntax is different. Also, some system
commands like shut down, r eboot and passwor d do not have any options.


Keywords Description
show
View the existing configurations.
show conf i g
View the existing configurations in command syntax.
set
Modify the existing configurations.
enabl e
Enable a feature that is already set.
di sabl e
Disable a feature, retaining the value set (if any).
del et e
Delete the logged reports (This keyword is specific to
the commands in reports section).


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Chapter 2
NETWORK SERVICE COMMANDS

2.1 dns
Using this command, the parameters of the DNS, like the parent DNS to be
used by the InnGate for name resolutions can be configured.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: dns show
dns show conf i g
dns set par ent addr ess

Example: dns show
dns show conf i g
dns set par ent 162. 21. 83. 88

Using the keyword set , a comma-separated list of DNS values can be
specified and the command will update the DNS configurations to the new
value(s).

Set Options Description
par ent
Configure the IP address of the parent DNS

2.2 email
Parameters of the SMTP server can be configured with this command.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: emai l show
emai l show conf i g
emai l set [ admi n_emai l emai l ] [ f or war d_t o_i p
i p ]
emai l enabl e/ di sabl e [ syst em_emai l ] [ f or war d_t o_i p]

Example: emai l show
emai l show conf i g
emai l di sabl e syst em_emai l
emai l enabl e f or war d_t o_i p
emai l set admi n_emai l admi n@ant l abs. com
f or war d_t o_i p 207. 125. 222. 21

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The InnGate has its own SMTP server and therefore does not require any
external server. However, email forwarding to and external SMTP servce is
possible. The IP address of the external SMTP server can be specified using
the f or war d_t o_i p option with keyword set .

Set Options Description
admi n_emai l
Postmasters email account.
f or war d_t o_i p
IP address of the external SMTP server.

Enable/ Disable Options
syst em_emai l
Enable/disable use of system administrators
email (in place of postmasters email).
f or war d_t o_i p
Enable/disable email forwarding to the
external SMTP server.

2.3 inetd
The InnGate FTP and Telnet services are configured with this command. By
default, FTP and Telnet access is enabled.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: i net d show [ f t p/ t el net ]
i net d show conf i g
i net d enabl e/ di sabl e f t p/ t el net

Example: i net d show
i net d show f t p
i net d show t el net
i net d show conf i g
i net d di sabl e f t p
i net d enabl e t el net

Enable/ Disable Options Description
f t p
Enable/disable FTP access.
t el net
Enable/disable Telnet access.

2.4 ip
Using this command, the upstream interface of the InnGate can be
configured.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: i p show [ devi ce1 devi ce2 . . . ]
i p show conf i g
i p set devi ce_name [ i p i p ] [ net mask nm ]
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[ gat eway gw ]

Example: i p show
i p show WAN_01
i p show def aul t
i p show conf i g
i p set WAN_01 i p 211. 183. 5. 163 net mask
255. 255. 255. 224 gat eway 211. 183. 5. 15

Set Options Description
i p
Set the ip address of the Ethernet device.
net mask
Set the netmask address of the Ethernet device.
gat eway
Set the gateway address of the Ethernet device.
dhcp
Enable/disable the dhcp hostname lookup.

2.5 ntpd
Using this command, the NTP server can be configured. This allows the
InnGate to synchronize its time to this configured NTP server.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: nt pd show
nt pd show conf i g
nt pd set ser ver addr ess
nt pd di sabl e ser ver

Example: nt pd show
nt pd show conf i g
nt pd set ser ver 192. 453. 22. 34
nt pd di sabl e ser ver

The NTP server is enabled automatically when the ip address is set using the
set keyword. When the NTP server is disabled or set to an empty value, NTP
IP address will be set to the default value (127.127.1.0).

Set Options Description
ser ver
Set the IP address of the NTP server.

Disable Options
ser ver
Disable the NTP server. The default value
(127.127.1.0) will be set.


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2.6 netpx_conf
This command allows you to configure a port forwarding service which can be
useful if you want to allow upstream access to downstream services.

For example, there may be a downstream host running an FTP service that
needs to be accessible to upstream users. But because the downstream
network might be a private network that is not visible to the upstream, there
will be no way for the upstream user to connect to the FTP service. For a
downstream private network, upstream users will only see the WAN IP of the
InnGate and not the individual downstream hosts. Port forwarding allows you
to assign a Port Number on the InnGates WAN interface so that a user
connecting to the InnGates WAN IP + Port Number will actually have their
traffic forwarded to the downstream service.

Port forwarding can also be used as a means to conserve public IP addresses;
as opposed to assigning a public IP for each downstream service host.

To setup the net proxy, you will need to perform the following steps:

1. Setup the proxy environment Configure the interface to listen for
incoming connections and general connection settings.

2. Create the proxy entries Configure the entries for the hosts which
require the proxy service.

3. Create action filters Configure filters that perform an action when
the filter criteria match the incoming connection attempt.

The command syntax is first discussed here with subsequent examples to
illustrate its use according to the steps above.

Usage: net px_conf <obj ect > <command>

Wher e obj ect : = { env | pr oxy_r ul e | f i l t er | sessi on }
command( env) : = { get <key . . . > | set <key>
<val ue> | l i st }
key : = { pr oxy_devi ce | t cp_t i meout |
udp_t i meout | t cp_max_conn | udp_max_conn |
f i l t er _act i on }
command( pr oxy_r ul e) : = { l i st <t ype> | cl ear
<t ype> | del et e
<t ype> <por t > | add <t ype> <por t > <t ar get _host >
<t ar get _por t > <devi ce> }
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command( f i l t er ) : = { l i st <t ype> | i nser t
<f i l t er _spec1> | append
<f i l t er _spec1> | updat e <f i l t er _spec1>| del et e
<t ype> <posi t i on> |
del et e_f i r st <f i l t er _spec2> | del et e_al l
<f i l t er _spec2>
command( sessi on) : = { l i st <t ype> }
f i l t er _spec1 : = <t ype> <posi t i on> <act i on>
<snet > <spor t >
<t por t >
f i l t er _spec2 : = <t ype> <act i on> <snet > <spor t >
<t por t >
t ype : = { t cp | udp }

Note: When specifying an IP address for the source network snet , you may
use CIDR format (e.g. 192. 168. 123. 50/ 24 where / 24 is the subnet
mask prefix).

Example (netpx_conf env):

net px_conf env l i st
net px_conf env set t cp_t i meout 30
net px_conf env get pr oxy_devi ce t cp_t i meout

The above commands allow you to list/store/retrieve the proxy
environment variables and their associated settings. The environment
variables are explained here:

Variables Description
pr oxy_devi ce
The interface on which to listen for incoming
connections.
t cp_t i meout
Timeout (in seconds) for TCP connection
attempts.
udp_t i meout
Timeout (in seconds) for UDP connection
attempts.
Max TCP Connect i ons
Maximum number of TCP connections allowed.
Max UDP Connect i ons
Maximum number of UDP connections allowed.
f i l t er _act i on
The action applied on receipt of an incoming
connection attempt.

Example (netpx_conf session):

net px_conf sessi on l i st t cp
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The above command lists the current active TCP net proxy sessions.

Example (netpx_conf proxy_rule):

net px_conf pr oxy_r ul e l i st t cp

The above command lists the rules applied to TCP proxy connections.

net px_conf pr oxy_r ul e add t cp 92 10. 68. 12. 24 23 et h1
net px_conf pr oxy_r ul e del et e t cp 92

The first of the two above commands adds an entry to listen for
incoming TCP connections on port 92 and forward them to the host
with IP address 10. 68. 12. 24 on port 23 (telnet) which can be found
on the network accessible through interface et h1. The second
command deletes the entry just created.

net px_conf pr oxy_r ul e cl ear udp

The above command clears all UDP connections entries currently
applied.

Example (netpx_conf filter):

net px_conf f i l t er l i st t cp

The above command lists all the filters currently applied to TCP proxy
connections. An example of the output generated by the above
command is shown here:


Fi l t er 1:
Act i on : ACCEPT
Sour ce Net wor k : 123. 123. 123. 0/ 24
Sour ce Por t : ANY
Tar get Por t : ANY
Fi l t er 2:
Act i on : ACCEPT
Sour ce Net wor k : 10. 12. 10. 1
Sour ce Por t : 30
Tar get Por t : 20


To add a filter to the sample list above you may formulate a command
such as the one below:

net px_conf f i l t er i nser t t cp 1 DENY 10. 10. 1. 1 ANY 60

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The above command inserts the filter before Filter 2. Using the sample
output above, the list of filters can be though of as an array with
position index 0 occupied by Filter 1 and position index 1 occupied by
Filter 2. As such the above command will insert the filter before Filter
2, pushing Filter 2 to position index 2 and automatically renamed to
Filter 3. If you wish to use insert after the position, use the append
command instead.

Note: Because of the array-based representation described above, if
you are inserting the very first entry into an empty list, the position
index should be 0 not 1.

This filter is matched when a host with IP address 10. 10. 1. 1
attempts to make a TCP connection to the InnGate on port 60. When
matched, the connection is denied, as specified by the action. The
order of precedence is simple, the first filter matched is the one that is
applied.

Note: While the system allows you to specify the source port, because
most outgoing connections use ephemeral ports, it is more common to
set the source port to ANY indicating that all connection attempts from
10. 10. 1. 1 irregardless of its source port will match this filter.

net px_conf f i l t er del et e t cp 1

The command above deletes the TCP filter entry at position index 1.

net px_conf f i l t er del et e_f i r st t cp DENY 10. 10. 1. 1
ANY 60
The command above deletes the first TCP filter entry that matches the
criteria specified. If you wish to delete all filter entries that match the
criteria (i.e. duplicate entries), use the del et e_al l command
instead.

2.7 syslog
Using this command, remote logging of certain system events to a specified
syslog server can be configured.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: sysl og show
sysl og show conf i g
sysl og set ser ver addr ess
sysl og enabl e/ di sabl e ser ver

Example: sysl og show
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sysl og show conf i g
sysl og set ser ver 192. 136. 112. 1
sysl og enabl e ser ver
sysl og di sabl e ser ver

The remote syslog machine must be configured to accept logs through FTP
and email delivery.

Set Options Description
Ser ver
Set IP address of the syslog server.

Enable/ Disable Options
Ser ver
Enable/disable remote logging.

2.8 webpx
Using this command, the InnGate can be configured to use either a direct
connection or specify a web proxy. A comma-separated list of valid proxies
and associated ports can be specified. Also, you can set the contact email
address presented to the user when a proxy error occurs.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: webpx show
webpx show conf i g
webpx set [ pr oxy addr ess ] [ admi n_emai l emai l ]
webpx enabl e/ di sabl e [ pr oxy] [ syst em_emai l ]

Example: webpx di sabl e pr oxy
webpx enabl e syst em_emai l
webpx set pr oxy pr oxy1. ant l abs. com: 8080,
pr oxy2. ant l abs. com: 8080 admi n_emai l
admi n_cont act @l ocal host . com


Set Options Description
Pr oxy
Comma separated list of proxy addresses of the
form addr1:port1,addr2:port2,addr3:port3
admi n_emai l
Webmasters the email address for proxy errors.

Enable/ Disable Options
Pr oxy
Enable/disable use of parent proxy.
syst em_emai l
Enable/disable use of system administrators
email (in place of Webmasters email).

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2.9 websv
Using this command, parameters for the web server can be configured.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: websv show
websv show conf i g
websv set emai l emai l
websv enabl e/ di sabl e syst em_emai l

Example: websv show
websv show conf i g
websv set emai l t est @ant l abs. com
websv enabl e syst em_emai l
................................................................................................................
Set Options Description
Emai l
Webmasters email address for web server
errors.

Enable/ Disable Options
syst em_emai l
Enable/disable use of system administrators
email (in place of Webmasters email).


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Chapter 3
SYSTEM SECURITY COMMANDS


3.1 webadm
Using this command, the administrators account details such as user id, email
address and password for the web admin can be configured.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: webadmshow
webadmshow conf i g
webadmset [ name i d ] [ passwor d] [ emai l addr ess ]

Example: webadmshow
webadmshow conf i g
webadmset name j ohnt an passwor d emai l
anywher e@ant l abs. com

The default value for user id is r oot and password is admi n.

Set Options Description
name
Set system administrators user id.
passwor d
Set system administrators account password.
emai l
Set the email address of the administrator.

3.2 wadacc
Restrictions on which IP addresses can have access to the web admin can be
setup here.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: wadacc show
wadacc enabl e/ di sabl e [ deny_downst r eam/ i p_cont r ol ]

Example: wadacc show
wadacc di sabl e deny_downst r eam
wadacc enabl e i p_cont r ol

Set Options Description
i p_cont r ol
Configure the IP addresses that are allowed to
access the web admin from the upstream.
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Enable/ Disable Options
deny_downst r eam
Enable/disable access from downstream.
i p_cont r ol
Enable/disable upstream IP access control list.


3.3 enasup
The InnGate features 2 levels of CLI access; operator mode and supervisor
mode. Commands available in the operator mode are a subset of those in the
supervisor mode.

This command enables the user to enter into the supervisor mode. After
entering the command, a prompt for a password will appear.

Usage: enasup

3.4 passwd_sup
This command changes the supervisor password. After entering the
command, it prompts you for the new password.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage : passwd_sup


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Chapter 4
STATUS AND LOG COMMANDS

4.1 status
This command displays information about the current system status.

Usage: st at us show

Example: st at us show

4.2 sessions
This command displays the real-time information about the currently logged
in sessions.

Usage: sessi ons show

Example: sessi ons show

4.3 session_log
This command displays a historical trace of sessions that were previously
active. You can also delete the log.

Usage: sessi on_l og show
sessi on_l og del et e

4.4 show
This command acts as a wrapper for displaying the configurations of all the
commands listed above.

The show set t i ngs command is equivalent to <command>show and the
show conf i g command is equivalent to <command> show conf i g as
was discussed in Section 1.2.

Usage: show set t i ngs [ command_name]
show conf i g [ command_name]
show sessi ons
show user s
show sessi on_l og
show usage_l og
show st at us
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Where command_name is one of the following:

dns email inetd ip ntpd
syslog wadacc webadm webpx websv


Example: show set t i ngs dns
show conf i g webadm

4.5 usage_log
This command displays a device information and usage log of downstream
users.

Usage: usage_l og show
usage_l og del et e

4.6 users
This command displays information about currently active downstream users.

Usage: user s show





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Chapter 5
SYSTEM COMMANDS

5.1 help
Displays the list of supported commands and provides a description for each
command.

Usage: hel p [ command]

Example: hel p r eboot

5.2 reboot
This command is used to reboot the InnGate. You will be prompted to confirm
the action.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: r eboot

5.3 shutdown
This command is used to shutdown the InnGate. You will be prompted to
confirm the action.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: shut down

5.4 restart
Use this command to restart any service when troubleshooting.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: r est ar t [ ser vi ce_name]

Where [ ser vi ce_name] is one of the following:

ant _aut h_t i mer ant _aut h_i nt upd ant mgr
ar pd Webser ver dns
mai l Snmp

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5.5 sshtun
In some network configurations, the InnGate may reside in an internal scope
and therefore assigned a private IP address. In such a case, Internet bound
traffic originating from the InnGate (and other clients from the internal scope)
would most likely be NATed onto the Internet. In such a scenario, an external
host which may need to access the InnGate from the Internet will not be able
to do so.

This command uses the port forwarding feature of SSH to create a tunnel
from the InnGate (SSH client) to the external host (SSH server) so that the
external hosts applications can subsequently communicate with the InnGate
through the tunnel.

Usage: ssht un user i d r emot e- i p r emot e- por t l i st en- por t

Example: ssht un guest 123. 44. 55. 66 5468 1842

The above command specifies that port 5468 on the remote host
123.44.55.66 is to be forwarded to port 443 (HTTPS) on the
InnGate. Once executed, applications on the remote host can
access the InnGates HTTPS by connecting to port 5468 on the
remote host.

5.6 check
This command checks on the status of the httpd and squid daemon processes
and restarts them if they are not active currently or abnormally terminated.

Usage: check syst em

This command also checks, repairs and optimizes all the mysql database
tables. It can be invoked occasionally to optimize the database performance.

Usage: check dat abase

5.7 exit
This command terminates the current CLI shell. When in supervisor mode,
exi t will terminate the supervisor shell and return to operator mode shell.

Usage: exi t

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5.8 save_snapshot
Use this command to save a snapshot of the current state of the InnGate.
Upon executing this command, the InnGate will reboot to save the snapshot.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: save_snapshot

5.9 restore_firmware
Use this command to restore the InnGate to its factory default state. Upon
executing this command, the InnGate will reboot to perform the restoration.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

This command is only available via the serial port connection.

Usage: r est or e_f i r mwar e

5.10 restore_snapshot
Use this command to restore the InnGate to the previously saved snapshot.
Upon executing this command, the InnGate will reboot to perform the
restoration. If a snapshot is not found, no changes will be made on the
InnGate.

This command is only available in supervisor mode (see Section 3.3).

Usage: r est or e_snapshot
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Appendix A
UNIX SHELL COMMANDS


Listed below are the additional commands that are accessible via the
interface. Supervisor-Only commands are only available in supervisor mode.
Operator commands are available in both operator and supervisor mode.

Supervisor-Only
Command Description
ar p
Manipulate the system ARP cache
chmod
Change file access permissions
cp
Copy files
edi t
Open a text editor
l n
Make links between files
mai l q
List pending mails in the mail queue
menu
Configure the system through a menu-based interface
mkdi r
Make new directories
mv
Move (rename) files
passwd
Change CLI operator password
passwd_f t p
Change password of ftp-only user
r m
Remove files or directories
r mdi r
Remove empty directories
t ouch
Change file timestamps
Connectivity Made Easy Page 25 of 26
Operator
Command Description
cat
Create and display short files
cd
Change current working directory
cl ear
Clear the display screen
df
Report filesystem disk space usage
f r ee
Display information about free and used memory on the
system
head
Display the first part of file
i f st at
Display the Internet statistics
l s
List directory contents
net st at
Displays the network connections, routing tables, interface
statistics, masquerade connections, netlink messages and
multicast memberships
nsl ookup
Query Internet name server non-interactively. The
interactive interface is disabled.
pi ng
Send ICMP ECHO_REQUESTS packets to network hosts
pmst at
Display high-level system performance overview
ps
Report process status information
shd
Show the current working directory
r z
Receive files
sz
Send one or more files
t ai l
View the last part of the input file
t cpdump
Dump traffic on a network
t el net
Display user interface to the TELNET protocol
t er mi nal
Change terminal type
t r acepat h
Traces path to a particular destination discovering MTU
along this path
t r acer out e
Print the route packets take to network host
ver si on
Display version of the CLI
vl andump
Display VLAN information