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Elaborado por: Column Tag No.

: CL2 Scrubber
Verificado por: Job No. :
Data: Client :
Project :
Entrada de dados Stream :
Tipo de embalagem = Anel Pall
Tamanho da embalagem = 50 mm
Packing MOC = PP
Gas pr. Drop / m bed = 30 mmWC / m packing height = 294.2
(N/m
2
)/m
Altura total de embalagens = 3.54 m (including all packed beds)
Altura Coluna = 6.04
Propriedade do Gas
Vazo = 8964.59 kg/h OR 10000.00
m
3
/h
= 2.4902 kg/s = 2.77778
m
3
/s
Presso de entrada do Gas = 1.00 atm
Temperatura de entrada Gas = 30.00
o
C
= 303.00
o
K
Taxa fluxo ar / gs = 70
Componente a ser lavado
Nome = Cl2
Taxa de fluxo do compente = 1038.16 Kg/h
% comp. ar/gas = 8.64 % (v/v) (presumed) / (given by client) / (by process cal.)
Peso molecular do componente = 70.906
Propriedades da Soluo de lavagem
Soluo mdia = 20% NaOH
Taxa de fluxo de liquido = 15600 kg/h = 13.00 m/h
= 4.3333 kg/s
Densidade do liquido = 1200
kg/m
3
Conversion :
Viscosidade do liquido = 0.1
Ns/m
2
80
C
p
=
Ns/m
2
Fator de empacotamento, F
p
= 203
m
-1
Caracteristicas do fator de empacotamento,C
f
= 102 Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings
Fator de converso, J = 0.92 factor for adequate liquid distribution & irrigation across the bed
SCRUBBER DESIGN (Coluna de enchimento)
0
Sheet 1 of 12
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Uma vez que grandes quantidades de fluxo esto no fundo de um amortecedor, o dimetro sero escolhidos
para acomodar as condies de fundo
Para calcular a densidade do gas
Avg. Peso molecular = 70.9 Kg / Kmol
Se a taxa de fluxo de gs de dado por kg/h Se a taxa de fluxo dado em m3/h
Gas in = 0.035122199 Kmol/s Gas in
= (m
3
/s) x 273
x pr. in atm x 1
kmol = mass / mol wt T in kelvin 1.0 atm 22.4
=
(kmol/s) x T in kelvin x 1.0 atm x 22.4
273 pr. In atm 1 = 0.11173 Kmol/s
= 0.873192
m
3
/s
= 7.92165 Kg/s
mass = mol wt x kmol
Selecione vol. de taxa de fluxo e taxa de fluxo de massa por cima
Selecionados taxa de fluxo de massa = 2.4902 Kg/s
Selecionados taxa de fluxo de volume = 0.873192 m
3
/s
Selecionados Vazo molar = 0.035122199 Kmol/s
Portanto densidade do gas= 2.8518
Kg/m
3
(mass flow rate / vol. Flow rate)
Para encontrar L', G' e rea da Torre c/s
Assumindo a absorso completa
Componente removido = 0.2150 Kg/s (molar flow rate x % comp. x mol. Wt.)
Liquido deixando = 4.5484 Kg/s (Inlet liquid flow rate + comp. Removed)
L'
G
0.5
= 0.08904
G'
L
Utilizao 0.08904 as ordinate, Refer fig.6.34 usando uma queda de presso de gas de 294.2 (N/m
2
)/m
G'
2
C
f

L
0.1
J = 0.039 (from graph)

G
(
L
--
G
) g
c
Portanto, G' = 0.039
G
(
L
--
G
) g
c
0.5
C
f

L
0.1
J
= 1.3515
Kg / m
2
.s
rea de torre c/s = 1.8425
m
2
( c/s area = mass flow rate / G' )
Dimetro da Torre = 1.5317 m = 1531.7 mm
= 2000 mm
Area correspondente c/s = 3.1416
m
2
Para calcular dimetro da coluna
Sheet 2 of 12
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eficincia do ventilador = 60 % assumed / given
Para calcular a queda de presso
Queda de presso de irrigao = 1040.52
N/m
2
(pressure drop per m packing x total ht. of packing)
embalagem
Para embalagens local seco
O/L Gas flow rate, G' = 0.7242
Kg / m
2
.s
(Gas inlet flow rate - Component removed) / c/s area
O/L Gas pressure = 100284.4821
N/m
2
(subtracting pressure drop across packing)
Densidade do Gas,
G
= gas mol wt. x 273 x gas o/l pr.
22.41m3/Kmol T in kelvin 101330
= 2.7853
Kg/m
3
C
D
= 47.5 Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings
Delta P = C
D
G'
2
Z
G
= 8.94
N/m
2
Perda de pressao por enchimento = 1049.46
N/m
2
(irrigated packing + dry packing)
Perda de pressao por internos = 30 mmWC (packing supports and liquid distributors)
= 294.20
N/m
2
Velocidade do Gas = 0.884194 m/s
Inlet expansion & outlet = 1.5 x Velocity heads =
1.5 x (V
2
/ 2g)
contraction losses = 0.59 N m / Kg
= 1.67
N/m
2
(divide by density)
Perda total de presso = 1345.33
N/m
2
(packing + internals + losses)
Perda total de presso = 137.28 Kgf/m = 0.01 atm
Fan power output = pressure drop,N/m
2
x (gas in - component removed) Kg/s
O/L gas density, Kg/m
3
= 1098.91 N .m / s
= 1.10 kW
Power for fan motor = 1.83 kW (fan power output / motor efficiency)
= 2.46 hp
REQUISITO PARA ESTIMAR PERDA DE POTNCIA
Sheet 3 of 12
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Liq.-Vap. Flow factor, F
LV =
(L / V) x (
V
/
L
)
= 0.0848
Design for an initial pressure drop of 35 mm H2O /m packing
From K
4
v/s F
LV
,
K
4
= 7.00
K
4
at flooding = 0.85
Trial % flooding =
( (K
4
/ K
4
at flooding) ) x 100
= 286.9720
Gas mass flow rate, V
m
= K
4
.
V
(
L
--
V
)
13.1 F
p
(
L
/
L
)
0.1
= 4.8485
kg/m
2
.s
Trial column c/s area = V / V
m
(Trial A
s
)
= 0.5136
m
2
Trial column dia., D = 0.8087 m D =
(4/pi) x Trial A
s
Round off 'D' to nearest standard size
Therefore, D = 1.8 m
Column C/S area, A
s = 2.5447
m
2
A
s
=
(pi/4) x D
2
% flooding = 57.9201
% flooding = Trial % flooding x (Trial A
s
/ A
s
)
Conclusion
Generally packed towers are designed for 50% -- 85% flooding.
If flooding is to be reduced,
(i) Select larger packing size and repeat the above steps.
OR
(ii) Increase the column diameter and repeat the above steps.
COLUMN DIAMETER / HYDRAULIC CHECK
(1/2)
Sheet 4 of 12
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Constant for HETP Correlation
Ref.:: Random Packings and Packed Towers ---- Strigle
Table 6.2
Ref. : : Chemical Engineering, Volume-6 , COULSON & RICHARDSON'S
Ref. : : Mass Transfer Operation : : Treybal
ppm= Massa em gramas / metro cubico * 24.45 / peso molecular
183.662
mg/M = PPM * PESO MOLECULAR / 24.45
533.3333
m/h L/mol
composio ar m 10000 24.4 L Mol g mg/m g/4100m
oxigenio nitrogenio% 0.21 28 2100000 86065.57 2409836 240.98 2409800
nitrogenio% 0.78 16 7800000 319672.1 5114754 511.47 5114700
Total 0.99
Cloro 24kg 71 494873.2 20281.69 1440000 533.33 5333300
Vazao massica Total kg 8964.59 12857.8 kg/10000m
1 28
35286.89 x V/V: 4.99872
0.000645
114
Taxa Ar/Gas20.20719
Torre Fabricada
vazio 0.15 m
camada elimiunador 0.15 m
bico ate eliminador otas 0.3 m
bico ate encimento 0.3 m
entrada ar+ recheio 1.7 m
total 2.45 m
peso molecular
kg/10000m