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THE EFFECT OF VISUAL TEACHING AIDS ON THE

STUDENTS OF MARATHI MEDIUM IN THE


SUBJECT OF MARATHI
STD 5th


Dissertation submitted to D.I.E.T. Pune for the degree of D.T.Ed.
By
Hilal Archana Karbhori
Guide
ABOLI MADAM
M..E !ociety"s #unior college of Education
$English Medium%
Pune.
2008-2009
DECLARATION :
I Ha&e declare that the research 'or( done on )the effect of &isual teaching aids on
the students of Marathi medium in the sub*ect of Marathi std +
th
. Is original ,lace of research
'or( done by the researcher has s,ecified that source from 'here the rele&ant. Information
has been collected to the best of the research (no'ledge this thesis is not substantially the
some of those 'hich 'ere submitted for any other academic -ualification to this institute or
any other.
Place. Pune
Date.
Hilala Archana Karbholi
ACNO!LEDGEMENT
Ins,iration and moti&ation ,lays a (ey roll any ad&enture so first of all I 'ould li(e to
than( to our ,rinci,le Mrs. !abina Khan mam for guiding us their &aluable guidance. I also
than( my !ub/Teacher I also than(s to my guide Mrs. Aboli mam 'ho ins,ired me and gi&e
&aluable guidance at time to time due to this. I com,lete my research 'or( I also than( the
Princi,al of Abhina& 0idyalaya !hira,ur1 for gi&ing me ,ermission to conduct this
e2,eriment in their school.
CERTIFICATE
This is certify that the 'or( ,resented in the dissertation.
)The Effect of 0isual Teaching Aids or The !tudent 3f Marathi
Medium !td +
th
4
Place 5 Pune
Date 5
Guide . Mrs. Aboli Mam
M..E.!ociety #r. ollege
3f Ed. A6am am,um
INDE"
Ch#$t%& ' (
7.7 Introduction
7.8 Preamble
7.9 :eed of research
7.; Im,ortance
7.+ 3,erational Definition
7.< 3b*ecti&es of the study
7.= Assum,tion and hy,othesis
7.> !co,e and limitation
Ch#$t%& ' 2
8% ?e&ie' of related literature
8.7 Introduction
8.8 ?e&ie' of Pre&ious @iterature
8.9 :o&elty of the research 'or(
Ch#$t%& ' )
Method of study
9.7 Method of ?esearch
9.8 Po,ulation and !am,le
9.9 Tools for data ollection
9.; !tatistical tools.
Ch#$t%& ' *
Presentation analysis and inter,retation of data
;.7 Presentation
;.8 Analysis of data
;.9 Inter,retation of Data
;.; Analysis and discussion of table
Ch#$t%& ' 5
+.7 !ummary
+.8 onclusion
+.9 ?ecommendation
+.; !uggestion for future research
A,,endi2
ertificate of school
@ist of student
Bibliogra,hy
Ch#$t%& ' (
I+t&,-./t0,+
(1( 2&%#345%1
?esearch is systematic and scientific acti&ity. The teacher use &arious traditional method
to teach the student affecti&ely but this method is not sufficient to teach the student teaching
aids ,lay im,ortant role in teaching learning ,rocess .
In the modern technological age for effecti&e teaching teacher should e2,lore the
,otential of teaching aids.
Educational aids hel,s the ma(e teaching effecti&e. It means that teacher must sho'
the tg. Aids and clear the conce,t in more educational aids ,ro&ide significant gains in
learning retention and recall thin(ing and reasoning interest and imagination.
(12 N%%- ,6 R%7%#&/h1
The teaching aids can be ,o'erful loo( in the teaching learning ,rocess it can hel,
the teacher in different as,ect of the *ob such obtaining. Teaching aid can be im,ro&e the
learner s(ill in academic sub*ect.
!o to find out ho' much ,ercent teaching aid effect on the learning ,rocess is
im,ortant 'hich teaching aids is effecti&e1 not e2,ensi&e 'hich is useful for teaching and
learning ,rocess.
To find out such as teaching aids are effect the learning ,rocess or achie&ement le&el
of the student.
(1) I3$,&t#+/%
According to the Hilgoo AAB of (no'ledge come to us through the sense of sight
alone e2,ert agreed that 'e get =+B (no'ledge through the sense of sight.
i% To de&elo, child intellectually as 'ell as mentally
ii% To teach student effecti&ely
iii% To create interest in teaching learning ,rocess
i&% To attract the student to'ards the teaching ,oint
&% To clearing the conce,t
&i% The information can not transfer thro' e2,lanation It can be transfer through the
,icture section.
(1* STATEEMENT OF THE 2ROBLEM1
) THE ECCETI0E 3C 0I!DA@ TEAHI:G AID! 3: THE !TDDE:T 3C
MA?ATHI MEDIDM I: THE !DB#ET 3C MA?ATHI !TD +
TH
4
(15 O2RATIONAL DEFINATION
7% ECCET. / hange in Beha&ior.
8% 0I!DA@. / A,,liance used in teaching 'hich see and e2,erience by eyes.
9% AID. / The de&ices 'hich are used in teaching learning ,rocess.
;% !TDth. / !tudent !tudy +
th
standard has ,assed out from std ;
th
ha&ing the age grou,
of 7E to 77 year.
7.< OBJECTIVE OF STUD81
7% To find out the causes behind student not ,ay attention to 'ords teacher teaching.
8% To ,re,are a ,rogram using &isual teaching aid.
9% To study the effect of &isual teaching aids on the student.
(19 ASSUM2TION AND H82OTHESIS
ASSUM2TION :-
7% !tudent 'ill co/o,erate
8% !tudent are same age le&el.
9% !tudent are from same socio and economical bac(ground.
;% Teacher are a'are of use audio 5 &isual aids.
H82OTHESIS:-
There is significant difference bet'een the score of Pre/test and Post/test.
7.A SCO2E AND LIMITATION
SCO2E:-
This research is useful for teacher this hel, to clear the conce,t in student mind.
Teacher research beneficial for teacher to gain confidence in teaching content dee,ly and
effecti&ely.
This research is beneficial for the educational field as ne' inno&ation in teaching aid can be
stressed u,on.
LIMITATION:/
This research is only limited for +
th
std student marathi medium.
Ch#$t%& N, ' 2
R%:0%; ,6 R%5#t%- L0t%&#t.&%
21( I+t&,-./t0,+:-
The re&ie' of related F literature ac-uaints the research 'ith the 'or( done by other
researcher 'hich may be useful to conduct the research the re&ie' of related literature ser&e
the follo'ing ,ur,oses.
7% It hel,s in limiting the ,roblem and defining it in a better 'ay.
8% It gi&es recommendation for further research.
R%:0%; ,6 R%5#t%- L0t%&#t.&%
Boo( Patil !.P and
7% Acharyas #an $8EE+%
?e&ie' of ?elated ?esearch./
8% Gai('ad D $8EE;%
A study of teaching aids $&isual% through demonstration Method Dni&ersity of ,une.
9% Pre,aration and use of audio &isual aids $9
rd
Ed% united branch M.B. $7A=;%
OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH
7% To find out bout the actual use of teaching aids in daily teaching.
8% Effecti&ely and efficiently for ma(ing the teaching 5 learning ,rocess more effecti&e.
21) N,:%5t< ,6 th% &%7%#&/h ;,&= #+- 0t7 .7%6.5+%771
i% Pre&ious research 'ere at the le&el M.,hil and ,h.d le&el this research is at lo'er le&el.
ii% The research is done in Marathi Medium !chool 'hile other research 'ere done in ,ri&ate
school.
Ch#$t%& ' )1
M%th,-,5,>< ,6 7t.-<
I+t&,-./t0,+:-
In ,re&ious cha,ter research has ta(en re&ie' of has ta(en re&ie' of related literature
in this cha,ter researcher has gi&en the detail information about methodology and ,rocedure.
?esearch is systematic and scientific acti&ity or attem,t to obtain the ans'er of meaningful
-uestions educational ,henomenon e&ents and structure.
)1( M%th,-7 ,6 %-./#t0,+#5 &%7%#&/h
E?$%&03%+t#5 M%th,-
The researcher used the e2,erimental method in this research. The research in 'hich
effect of one factor on the other is studied is called e2,erimental research.
In scientific terms e2,erimental research means e2amining the hy,othesis indicating the
cause and the effect relation.
e2,erimental research is conducted to understand the effect of the factors li(e teaching
method1 educational instrument or tools used 'hile teaching number of student in the class/
room on the factors li(e their moti&ation and attitude to'ards education.
R%7%#&/h D%70>+
The researcher use single grou, design for Pre/test and Post/test designed 'as used in this
research study.
O+% >&,.$ -%70>+
E G T7 T8 $ ? %
E G E2,erimental
T7 G Pre/test
T8 G Post/test
H G Treatment
? G ?andomi6ed
2,$.5#t0,+ #+- S#3$50+>
#@ 2,$.5#t0,+:-
Ihole class of ;
th
std Abhina& &idyalaya !hira,ur.
4@ S#3$50+>:-
8+ student from +
th
standard.
)1* T,,57 .7% 6,& -#t# /,55%/t0,+
The researcher use e2,erimental for data collection research selected the 8+ student
from this e2,eriment in this 8+ student 7E 'as boys and 8+ 'as girls the researcher had
,re,ared a -uestion set for the student 8+ by administrating ,re/test mar(s 'ere allotted to
these student.
After ,re/test teacher teach the student using of &isual teaching aids after im,lementation of
,rogram ,ost/test.
)15 St#t07t0/#5 t,,57 :-
The Data collected during the e2,eriment 'as analy6ed using the follo'ing statistical
tools.
$t 5 test of significance of difference bet'een means%
T/ test.
The Jt" test is a techni-ue or determine 'hether the mean ,erformance of t'o grou, is
significantly different.
The formula 'ere used for calculation and obtained Jt" &alue 'as tested E.E7 le&el.
F,&3.5#1
.
8 8
% $ D D N
D
t

=
: /7
2&,/%-.&% :-
Pre/test
Posttest
!tatistical E&aluation
onclusion
!uggestion
Treatment
:ormal Teaching
8+ student 'ere selected for e2,erimental out of 8+ student by administrating ,re/test mar(s
'ere allo'ed to this student.
After limitation of ,rogram ,ost/test 'as administered and mar(s 'ere allotted to this ,ost/
test the score of ,re/test and ,ost/test 'ere analy6ed and conclusion 'ere dro'n.
This ,rogram 'as conducted in 7E days time schedule.
D#<7 T&%#t3%+t D.&#t0,+
7
st
Day ?esearcher the ,oem in normal 'ay only introduction
'as gi&en
9E min
8
nd
Day ?esearcher teach the 'hole ,oem1 ,oem name 'as Ba, 9E min
9
rd
Day ?esearcher ta(e a ,re/test e2am 8E mar(s 9E min
;
th
Day ?esearcher chec( the ,a,er and allo'ed the mar( for
,re/test
9E min
+
th
Day ?esearcher ma(e &arious ty,es of teaching aids and again
teach student
9E min
<
th
Day ?esearcher teach 'hole ,oem to the student using &isual
teaching aids and effecti&e method of teaching
=
th
Day Teacher ta(e a ,ost/test 9E min
>
th
Day ?esearcher chec( the ,a,er and mar( allo'ed for ,ost/
test
A
th
Day ?esearcher e&aluate the mar( of ,re/test and ,ost/test
7E
th
Day ?esearcher used statistical tool for e&aluating the test
D%6%&%+/% B%t;%%+ 2&%-t%7t #+- 2,7t-t%7t
$D% $D8%
9 A
9 A
8 ;
8 ;
8 ;
; 8+
/7 7
7 7
8 ;
8 ;
8 ;
; 8+
8 ;7
7 7
7 7
8 ;
8 ;
8 ;
8 ;
7 7
8 ;
8 ;
7 7
8 ;
9 A
K D G +8 K DL G 7;8
Cormula for find out the Jt" &alue.
.
8 8
% $ D D N
D
t

=
: /7
. t G
8
% +8 $ % 7;8 $ 8+
+8

G 8+ 5 7
. t G
8;
8=E; 9++E
+8

. t G
8;
>;<
+8
. t G
8+ . 9+
+8
. t G
+ . +
+8
. t G g.;+;
T &alue at E.E7 le&el is 8.>8B
Ch#$t%& ' *
2&%7%+t#t0,+ A+#5<707 #+- I+t%&$&%t#t0,+ ,6 D#t#1
;.7 Presentation./
The researcher uses the e2,erimental method doing this research.
!r.:o. :ames of !tudent Mar( of Pre/test M7 Mar( of Post/test M8
7% Hilal ?a*esh 7+ 7>
8% Mun*ul ?ani 7E 79
9% Hilal Ganesh 79 7+
;% #adha& Di,ali > 7E
+% Mane Amol < >
<% Bhor 0aishali 7E 7+
=% Mote Tai 77 7E
>% Kamle Manisha 79 7;
A% ha&an !andi, 78 7;
7E% @ande !'ati 79 7+
77% !hitole :iteen 7< 7>
78% Po'ar Tushar + 7E
79% ?ohile Pa'an 7< 7>
7;% Mane 0i(as 7; 7+
7+% Gode Babagi 7; 7+
7<% Tha(ur ?a*u 7E 78
7=% G'ade ?ani 7; 7<
7>% Mati !o,anil 79 7+
7A% Kande Ketan 7+ 7=
8E% Po'ar !achin 7E 77
87% Hilal :ilesh 7+ 7=
88% Mun*al Dili, 79 7+
89% G'ade Pradi, 7; 7+
8;% Knade Kanchan 7= 7A
8+% Mohite Maya 79 7<
K M7 G 9EA KM8 G 9<7
*12 A+#5<707 ,6 -#t#
In this ha,ter the researcher intends to analysis the data that 'as calculated from the
res,ondent based on this data she 'ill inter,ret the information and the finding gained from
this field 'ord.
Analysis is conce,t of ,atting data in meaningful ,resentation it ma(es relationshi, bet'een
different unit and ma(es the data a,,ear and meaningful after im,lementing the remedial
action ,lan 'e get the out come to the results of the some the ,roof about the results are
com,iled ,rior to the im,lement of the remedial action ,lan both the ,roofs are com,ares and
then only conclusion are dra'n regarding the effect of the remedial action ,lan.
Th% 3#&=7 ,6 $&%-t%7t #+- $,7t-t%7t
F0+- ,.t th% 3%#+ #t $&%-t%7t1
7% Am G
udent NumberofSt
TotalMarks
Am G
8+
9EA
Mean G 78.9<

2@ 3%#+ ,6 $,7t t%7t
Am G
udent NumberofSt
TotalMarks
Am G
8+
9<7
Mean G 7;.;;
!o the mean of Pre/test F mean of Post/test ,rogramme 'as successful and hy,othesis
become true.
I+t%&$&%t#t0,+ ,6 -#t#
In this 'ay the researcher has com,leted this research and it is successful the
calculated Jt" &alue is A.;+; higher that table Jt" &alue 8.>87 at E.E7 significance le&el so from
abo&e e2,lanation there is significance difference bet'een ,re/test and ,ost/test mar(s and
Jt" calculation higher than Jt" table so the hy,othesis acce,ted so 'e can say that the
,rogramme de&elo,ed to see the effect of &isual teaching aids on the student of +
th
std 'as
successful.
The gra,h of the Pre/test and Post/test allo'ed to the student.
2%&/%+t#>% ,6 $,7t t%7t 3#&=71
ofExam TotalMarks rofStudent TotalNumbe
ofStudent TotalMarks 7EE

G
9< . 78
8+
9EA
=
G
7EE
8E
9< . 78

G <7.>
2%&/%+t#>% ,6 $,7t t%7t 3#&=71
G
8+
9<7
G 7;.;;
G
7EE
8E
;; . 7;

G =8.8.

M#&=7 ,6 2&%-t%7t ,& 2,7t-t%7t1
This abo&e gra,h sho' the successful of the ,rogram the effect of &isual teaching
aids on the students std +
th
;.; Analysis and discussion of table.
The abo&e gra,h sho' the effect of &isual teaching aids on the student researcher first ta(e
,re/test and then ,ost/test. At starting researcher did normal teaching on the +
th
std student
Marathi Medium then research ta(e ,re/test student got <7.>B that as sho' into the abo&e
diagram After researcher used teaching aids for teaching the student researcher obser&ed
student ta(e more interest in teaching researcher ta(e the ,ost test student got =8.8B
Percentage of mar(s of student had been increased after using the teaching aids the abo&e
information researcher dra' the conclusion.
Ch#$t%& N, -5
S.33#&< C,+/5.70,+ #+- R%/,33%+-#t0,+1
51( S.33#&<:-
The ,rocess of this study 'as to study the effect of &isual teaching aids on the student
of +
th
!td Marathi Medium in the sub*ect of Marathi.
8+ student 'as selected at random allotment to chec( their ,re&ious (no'ledge
researcher ma(e -uestion ,a,er and ta(e the ,re/test of the student then no remo&e
the errors committed by student they had undergone through ,rescribe ,rogramme
de&elo, by researcher.
The ,rogramme of 7E day 'as scheduled for it after that chec( the effecti&eness of
,rogramme 'as ta(en effecti&eness the ,rogram 'as tested by the Jt" test and Jt"
&alue.
?esearcher ta(e the ,re/test and ,ost/test of the student and com,are the mar(s of
statistical tool dra'n the conclusion.
512 C,+/5.70,+
The student studying through aids &isual teaching aids learning ha&e significantly
scored by higher than student taught by traditional classroom teaching. Hence there is
a significant difference in the achie&ement in the unit through teaching added learning
and through teaching added learning and through traditional classroom teaching this
difference can be seen through a gra,h sho'n thus it is &ery clear that there is a
significant aids and using traditional method. Cor teaching using of teaching aids
students understand the content &ery 'ell due to this the achie&ement rate is increase
and student ma(e ,rogressi&e.
The Jt" score also ,ro&es that the .. hy,othesis must be re*ected and that direction at
hy,othesis must be acce,ted.
+.9 R%/,33%+-#t0,+
7% Teacher should use the teaching aids to teach student.
8% Teacher should teach the student using technological aids in ,ro,erly such as
com,uter1 .D1 3.H.P.
9% Teacher should teach the student must be using.
;% Teacher must be used effecti&e method and teaching aids to teach the student due
to this achie&ement le&el is increased.
+.; S.>>%7t0,+ 6,& 6.t.&% &%7%#&/h
7% This ty,e of study can be done by on different standard student in school related to
English sub*ect.
8% This ty,e of research can be done in any medium school for any standard.
9% Effect of teaching aid learning can be study 'ith res,ect to other sub*ect li(e
geogra,hy F history.
;% This research can be conduct 8 grou, also.
+% Effecti&eness of teaching aids learning ,rogram in related to different &ariables
such as se21 le&el age student can be study.
A$$%+-0?1
N ertificate of the !chool.
N @ist of the student and mar(s.
N Muestion Pa,er


!r.:o. :ames of !tudent Mar( of Pre/test M7
7% Hilal ?a*esh 7+
8% Mun*ul ?ani 7E
9% Hilal Ganesh 79
;% #adha& Di,ali >
+% Mane Amol <
<% Bhor 0aishali 7E
=% Mote Tai 77
>% Kamle Manisha 79
A% ha&an !andi, 78
7E% @ande !'ati 79
77% !hitole :iteen 7<
78% Po'ar Tushar +
79% ?ohile Pa'an 7<
7;% Mane 0i(as 7;
7+% Gode Babagi 7;
7<% Tha(ur ?a*u 7E
7=% G'ade ?ani 7;
7>% Mati !o,anil 79
7A% Kande Ketan 7+
8E% Po'ar !achin 7E
87% Hilal :ilesh 7+
88% Mun*al Dili, 79
89% G'ade Pradi, 7;
8;% Knade Kanchan 7=
8+% Mohite Maya 79
!r.:o. :ames of !tudent Mar( of Post/test M8
7% Hilal ?a*esh 7>
8% Mun*ul ?ani 79
9% Hilal Ganesh 7+
;% #adha& Di,ali 7E
+% Mane Amol >
<% Bhor 0aishali 7+
=% Mote Tai 7E
>% Kamle Manisha 7;
A% ha&an !andi, 7;
7E% @ande !'ati 7+
77% !hitole :iteen 7>
78% Po'ar Tushar 7E
79% ?ohile Pa'an 7>
7;% Mane 0i(as 7+
7+% Gode Babagi 7+
7<% Tha(ur ?a*u 78
7=% G'ade ?ani 7<
7>% Mati !o,anil 7+
7A% Kande Ketan 7=
8E% Po'ar !achin 77
87% Hilal :ilesh 7=
88% Mun*al Dili, 7+
89% G'ade Pradi, 7+
8;% Knade Kanchan 7A
8+% Mohite Maya 7<
BIBLOGRA2H8
R%6%&%+/% B,,=
Action research and Inno&ation.
$:irali Pra(ashan%
7% ATKI:!3: :.# $7A<=%
Modern teaching guide to audio &isual teaching in education.
8% PATI@.!.P and AHA?OA! $#an 8EE+%
9% Im,act of &isual teaching aid on rural ,u,il
EDDT?AK! K3TI :EE? AM3@ PDBI@ATI3: P0T. @TD HA!! K.B and
PAKE? H.M. $7A<E%
Pre,aration and use of 0. aids $9
rd
ed% united BDH M.B $7A=;%
A sur&ey of research in education :E?T BDH M.B $8EEE% CICTH !D?0EO 3C
?E!EA?H I: EDDATI3: 7A>>/7AA8 ?elated research $Gai('ad D $8EE;%
A STUD8 EFFECT OF MA2 IN TEACHING GEOGRA2H8
FOR
STD 8th
Dissertation submitted to D.I.E.T. Pune
for the degree of D.T.Ed.
By
Kumbhar Di,ali !urya(ant
Guide
Mrs. Anuradha Mam
M..E !ociety"s #unior college of
Education
$English Medium%
Pune.
2008-2009
DECLARATION
This is to declare that the researcher has submitted the action research re,ort )A
!tudy Effect 3f Ma, In Teaching Geogra,hy Cor !td >th4. To the ,ractical fulfillment of
D.T.ed course. This dissertation is not substantially the same as those 'hich 'e submitted for
any other academic -ualification to this Dni&ersity or any other Dni&ersity.
Place. Pune
Date. Kumbhar Di,ali !urya(ant

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the 'or( in co/o,erated in the Action ?esearch study )A !tudy
Effect 3f Ma, In Teaching Geogra,hy4. !ubmitted by Kumbhar Di,ali !urya(ant 'as
carried out under my guidance. The material obtained from other sources has been duty
ac(no'ledged in this thesis.
It is further ertificate that the research1 study1 or its ,art has not been submitted to any
other institution for the ,ur,ose of any di,loma or course. I consider this study or it for
the fulfillment of the action research re,ort.
Place. Pune
Date. Anuradha Mam.
ACNO!LEDGEMENT
I e2,ress my dee, gratitude to my research guide Prof. Anuradha Madam 'ho at all
times hel,ed me 'ish ,leasure. I es,ecially than( my Princi,al Prof. !abrina Khan1 'ho
ha&e been moti&ating me and ga&e full su,,ort to my Action ?esearch Ior(.
I also e2,ress my heart full gratitude to Prof. !habana Mam1 and !haihana6 Mam1
'ho ga&e me a lot of courage to ,ercei&e my &ision.
Place ./ am,1 Pune
Date ./
Di,ali !urya(ant Kumbhar