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BOOKBINDING

SOME MATERIALS & SUPPLIES


BOOK GLUE

There are two general kinds
The Ready mixed need not be cooked. It is
prepared for immediate use. This is sold by the
drum.
The Hard or Flake is prepared by cooking it in a
double boiler. This is sold by grams or kilos.
Book glue has been used by many binders it contains some
chemical solutions added to make it permanently flexible.



BOARDS

Boards are many kinds. Some are being described as
straw board or binders board and chip board. The
standard size is 26 x 38. Thickness is determined by
the number of its gauge such as numbers 20, 25, 30,
40, 60 etc. The lesser the number the thicker the
gauge, and the greater the number the thinner the
gauge.



GLACE THREAD

It is a special kind of thread used
for sewing stitches. There are two
kinds of thread, namely cotton and
linen. It is usually left twisted.
Suggested gauge of thread for
stitching ordinary books size is
number 30.
And for stitching heavy and bulky
magazines and other stationaries
number 20 or 10 is recommended.




HEAD BAND

Head band is a narrow decorative strip of cloth glued on
the back of a book at the head and the tail.
It is used to protect and beautify the book.
Book in any form should be provided with a head band so
that its life can be preserved.
SUPER

It is reinforcement material glued along the back of a book
to make the section rigid. It may be sinamay, bandage
gauze, kraft paper or bond paper.
It reinforces the end leaves of a book so they will not give
way from constant opening.




NEEDLE

It is a narrow taper with a hole provided in one end
where to insert the thread. This is commonly used for
sewing cloth. Medium size are preferably used for
beginners of stitching books.






TRIMMER

This is a device used for trimming the
three sides of a book and other
materials in binding. It maybe
automatic, manual or improvised








STANDING PRESS

It is a device used for pressing books
that have been glued to its new case.
Books are usually arranged and
clamped securely so that the book
glued will be pressed evenly.







LETTERING PALLET

This is a special device hand type holder for stamping the
label of books. Types used maybe the type of stamping
machines but need not be heated. Just use ink for printing
the label.








SEWING FRAME

This is used for sewing signatures on cords or on
tapes. This is very useful to a beginner. It is
usually constructed with two vertical studs, one
horizontal bar where to attached the cords or tapes
and one base wide enough to lay the signatures to
be sewed.




BINDERS BRUSH

This is special type of brush. Generally binders
brush is round and made to resist enough to serve
the purpose.





STAMPING MACHINE

This is a machine intended for printing the label of a book cover
newly made. However, printing label should be made first
before assembling or fitting permanently the body of book for
convenience. Types are set and
heated to a certain degree so that
the gold and silver rolls be printed
effectively.




SOME KINDS OF PAPER USED IN BINDING


BOOK PAPER








EMBOSSED PAPER







ANTIQUE PAPER






LEDGER PAPER





KRAFT PAPER







LEATHERETTE






BOND PAPER







Report by:

Ma. Criselda A. Cells
BSE IV SY: 2014-2015