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Green Technology and Innovation for Civil Engineering

Call for Papers

The concepts of green technology deal with technological researches and studies to
reduce the environmental and climate change impact of the unfriendly industries and
enterprises and global warming on human health, environmental safety, and eventually
the planet Earth. This aim can only be achieved by developing new environmentally
friendly, safe, and nontoxic materials, smart monitoring techniques, and their based
innovative technologies. The use of green and monitoring technology (clean technology)
can reduce the amount of waste and pollution and provide early warming message that is
created during production, consumption, and impact of natural disaster. This special issue
provides an international forum for scientists, engineers, researchers, technocrats, and
academicians for consolidating research activities and findings in all experimental,
theoretical, and practical aspects of green science, technology, and engineering into a
single and unique reference source. The goals that satisfy developments in green
technology field include (1) sustainability: meeting the needs of society in ways that can
continue indefinitely into the future without damaging or depleting natural resources. (2)
Cradle to cradle design: ending the cradle to grave cycle of manufactured products,
by creating products that can be fully reclaimed or reused. (3) Source reduction: reducing
waste and pollution by changing patterns of production and consumption. (4) Innovation:
developing alternatives to technologies, whether fossil fuel or chemical intensive
agriculture, that have been demonstrated to damage health and the environment. (5) Safe
environmental monitor: applying digital energy-saving technologies for disaster
prevention, caused by climate change, to provide residents with early warning message.
(6) Viability: creating a center of economic activity around technologies and products
that benefit the environment, speeding their implementation and creating new careers that
truly protect the planet. This special issue will be a cross-disciplinary one, publishing
fundamental and applied research findings in all disciplines of science and engineering,
having connection with green technology. We invite authors to submit original research
and review papers related to green technology. Potential topics include, but are not
limited to:
Green energy/renewal energy
Green building/infrastructure
Assessment and monitoring of building/infrastructure/environmental safety
Digital monitoring technologies for civil engineering
Green remediation/treatment

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Assistant Professor Marta Gonzlez
Dynamics of Land Use in Urban Spaces
The proliferation of mobile computing devices, principally cellular phones, have become an invaluable
tool, helping us understand how cities function as a complex system so that we can we can increase the
effectiveness and efficiency of urban planning and design. Behaviors can be decomposed into just a few
fundamental patterns that can then be used to differentiate between groups of individuals or types of
spaces. The properties of these patterns have been explored, laying the groundwork to discover how
people move across space and interact with each other. We propose to expand upon previous work in two
important ways: scaling methods from the college campus to entire cities, and exploring not just how far
people are traveling, but how they are using these locations dynamically in time. To do this, we will
leverage data generated from millions of mobile phone users in a major metropolitan area as they access
location-based services on their phones. A phones ability to accurately locate itself to WiFi access points
within 25m allows us to measure dynamic population density for roughly every intersection of a city at
every hour of the day. Additionally, we will compare the results with survey data using data mining
techniques, which have not been applied in this context before. Since the survey collected over the
metropolitan area is conducted by the metropolitan planning organization for the regional transportation
planning purposes, it is a representative sample of the total population of the region, these data will be
used to sample and compare the land use and trips captured from the mobile phone. Impact: This is a
signicant improvement over the static and often outdated classications dictated by traditional zoning
and urban planning regulations. Moreover, a deeper understanding of population ow is critical to
planning police service, or public health attempts to better prepare a city to resist disease outbreaks.

New Eco-Friendly Advancements in Civil Engineering
As the world finds ways to build cities that can have more people and better
facilities, so too do civil engineers work in order to join the green movement and
utilize fewer resources for habitation. While they may not be as well-known or
productive as massive solar grids, they offer a means of reducing or even
eliminating a carbon footprint or utilizing less power and water in order to get the
same value from habitation.
The Three Rs of Site Design
Any time that a city needs to construct a new block, a row of homes, a hospital, or
any other new project, they are sure to come across a huge amount of trash and
debris in order to get the project done. The sites that build up massive civil
engineering projects like airports and dams produce refuse in staggering quantities,
ranging from the concrete that is no longer necessary to the runoff when
precipitation hits the build site.
Recycling construction materials is no new process, but never before has it been
possible to do so on site, until now. Civil engineers can use green concrete
recyclers without having to expand the time and energy needed to transport large
quantities of the bricks and rubble to a facility. These individual recycles are about
the size of a dumpster and cannot go through more than about a ton of concrete per
day, but ends up with a new lump of concrete instead of throwing out an old one to
get a new one.
Driving On Green Roads
There is enough asphalt on American roads to reach to the moon and back three
times. This much asphalt as well as gravel, cement, and other materials takes
a huge toll on the environment. A new project by the Asphalt Research
Consortium, however, is spending five million dollars in order to figure out how to
make asphalt more green and sustainable.
One major area of research is cold mixing asphalt, using a process popular in
under-developed nations to pour asphalt without needing to expend a huge amount
of energy to heat it up first. Since all asphalt needs to come from refined oil,
furthermore, heating it up creates the carbon byproduct that creates choking
greenhouse gases. Why have US roads refrained from using cold mixing? In
general, because they have not had to. As the cost becomes more expensive,
however, the green factor applies to both energy and money.
Green Roof, Green Walls
There are parts of the world that are attempting to turn the clock back on
technology to create green resources. As in, so far back that there is no technology.
The 1050 K Street project by Timmons LEED is an example of projects that are
literally green: this building is constructed with plant roofs and sidings in order to
absorb moisture and UV light, cool down the interior, and develop a carbon-neutral
structure. While this building can look a bit odd from far away like a gardener
had planted trees and shrubs into the side of the building it offers a new chance
to create projects that incorporate the environment directly.
Sustainable Living
Few phrases make the rounds in the green sphere more than sustainability. For
some, this means being sustainable in your very house. New building projects are
incorporating urban farming into their list of features. These small areas allow an
individual to raise everything from a vegetable patch to a chicken coop in their
own (or a communal) part of a building. This effort in sustainability not only
ensures access to organic food, but does so at a much lower cost than most of the
options you would purchase at the grocery store.
With millions of construction project occurring weekly across the United States, it
is in the hands of civil engineers and construction crews to minimalize their carbon
footprint. Those in the decision-making positions, such as individuals with
an engineering management degree,should consider the new green technologies
and trends available in their field. Building sustainable structures and cutting
emissions in the process should be the goal of civil engineers worldwide.