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SN_____ Name_______________________________________________ 1E-PH

Multiple Choice

____ 1. Which of the following statements is false?
a. Molecules are very far apart in gases and closer together in liquids and solids.
b. Solid water (ice), unlike most substances, is denser than its liquid form (water).
c. Vapor refers to a gas formed by evaporation of a liquid or sublimation of a solid.
d. Condensed states have much higher densities than gases.

____ 2. The statement "At constant temperature, the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely
proportional to the applied pressure." is a statement of ____ Law.
a. Charles's b. Graham's c. Gay-Lussac's d. Boyle's

____ 3. A sample of oxygen occupies 47.2 liters under a pressure of 1240. torr at 25C. What volume would it occupy
at 25C if the pressure were decreased to 730. torr?
a. 29.3 L b. 27.8 L c. 80.2 L d. 32.3 L

____ 4. A gas sample occupies 4.20 L under a pressure of 800. torr at 350. K. At what temperature will it occupy 3.60
L at the same pressure?
a. 300. K b. 770. K c. 300.C d. 7 K

____ 5. A sample of neon occupies 4.50 liters at 30.0C and 2.50 atmospheres. What pressure does the sample exert at
50C if the sample is compressed to 3.25 L?
a. 5.77 atm b. 1.69 atm c. 3.69 atm d. 1.92 atm

____ 6. Calculate the volume occupied by 37.0 grams of SO
2
at 215C and 1340 torr.
a. 9.09 L b. 13.1 L c. 11.6 L d. 15.0 L



____ 7. At the same ____, the molecules of all samples of ideal gases have the same average kinetic energies.
a. volume b. density c. temperature d. pressure

____ 8. Which statement is false?
a. At a given temperature, according to the kinetic molecular theory, the average velocity of
HF molecules is greater than the average velocity of F
2
molecules.
b. The average kinetic energies of molecules of samples of different ideal gases at the same
temperature are the same.
c. The molecules of an ideal gas are relatively very far apart on the average.
d. The molecules of a gas move in unchanging curved paths until they collide with other
molecules or the walls of their containers, according to the kinetic-molecular theory.

____ 9. A mixture of Ar, CH
4
, H
2
, CO, and PCl
5
is released in the back of a classroom. Which gas reaches the front of
the classroom first?
a. PCl
5
b. Ar c. H
2
d. CO

____ 10. The most significant intermolecular forces of attraction between individual nonpolar atoms or molecules in
the gas phase are ____ attractions.
a. strong electrostatic c. ionic
b. covalent d. dispersion

____ 11. The van der Waals constant, a, in the relationship (P + )(V - nb) = nRT is a factor that corrects for
a. the attractive forces between gas molecules.
b. deviations in the gas constant, R.
c. the average velocities of the gas molecules.
d. the volume occupied by the gas molecules.




Problem Solving

1. Assume that 454 g (1.00 lb) of Dry Ice (solid CO
2
) is placed into an evacuated 50.0 L closed tank. What is the pressure
in the tank in atmospheres at 45.0C after all the solid has vaporized?



2.Calculate the weight of KClO
3
that would be required to produce 29.52 liters of oxygen measured at 127C and 760.
torr.
2KClO
3
(s) 2KCl(s) + 3O
2
(g)


Atomic Weights
K - 39
Cl - 35.5
O - 16
P - 31
Ar 39.9
C 12
H - 1
S - 32