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UNIT 53.

Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing etc)


A. Look at tese e!a"p#es$
I enjoy reading. (not I enjoy to read)
%o&#d yo& "ind c#osing te door'
(ris s&ggested going to te cine"a. (not s&ggested to go)
)*ter enjoy+ "ind and s&ggest+ ,e &se - ing (not to .)
/o"e "ore 0erbs tat are *o##o,ed by -ing$
/top postpone ad"it a0oid i"agine
1inis consider deny risk *ancy
/&dden#y e0erybody stopped ta#king. Tere ,as si#ence
I2## do te sopping ,en I20e *inised c#eaning te *#at
3e tried to a0oid ans,ering "y 4&estion
I don2t *ancy going o&t tis e0ening. (I2" not ent&siastic abo&t it)
3a0e yo& e0er considered going to #i0e in anoter co&ntry'
Te negati0e *or" is not -ing$
%en I2" on o#iday+ I enjoy not a0ing to get &p ear#y
B. %e a#so &se -ing a*ter
5i0e &p (6 stop)
7&t o** (6postpone)
5o on / carry on (6 contin&e)
8eep or keep on (6 do so"eting contin&o&s#y or repeated#y)
I20e gi0en &p reading ne,spaper. I tink it2s a ,aste o* ti"e
9enny doesn2t ,ant to retire. /e ,ants to go on ,orking. (or . to carry on
,orking)
:o& keep interr&pting ,en I2" ta#king or yo& keep on interr&pting ,en I2"
ta#king
(.
%it so"e 0erbs yo& can &se te str&ct&re 0erb + so"ebody + ing$
I can2t i"agine 5eorge riding a "otorbike
:o& can2t stop "e doing ,at I ,ant
/orry to keep yo& ,aiting so #ong. Tat2s a## rigt
Note te passi0e *or" (being done / seen / kept etc)$
I don2t "ind being kept ,aiting. (I don2t "ind peop#e keeping "e)
;.
%en yo& are ta#king abo&t *inised actions+ yo& ca say a0ing done / sto#en /said
etc.$
Tey ad"itted a0ing sto#en te "oney
<&t it is not necessary to &se a0ing (done). :o& can a#so say$
Tey ad"itted stea#ing te "oney
I no, regret saying (or a0ing said) ,at I said
=. )*ter so"e o* te 0erbs on tis page (especia##y ad"it/deny/s&ggest) yo& can a#so
&se tat .$
Tey denied tat tey ad sto#en te "oney. (or Tey denied stea#ing)
/a" s&ggested tat ,e ,ent to te cine"a. (or /a" s&ggested going .)

=>=?(I/=/ UNIT 53
53.@ (o"p#ete eac sentence ,it one o* te *o##o,ing 0erbs (in te correct *or")$
@. 3e tried to a0oid ans,ering "y 4&estion
A. (o&#d yo& p#ease stop making so "&c noise'
3. I enjoy listening to "&sic
B. I considered applying *or te job+ b&t in te end I decided against it.
5. 3a0e yo& *inised reading te ne,spaper yet'
C. %e need cange o&r ro&tine. %e can2t go on living #ike tis
D. I don2t "ind yo& using te pone as #ong as yo& pay *or a## yo&r ca##s
E. Fy "e"ory is getting ,orse. I keep forgetting tings
G. I20e p&t o** writing te #etter so "any ti"es. I rea##y "&st do it today
@H. %at a st&pid ting to doI (an yo& i"agine anybody being so st&pid'
@@. I20e gi0en &p trying to #ose ,eigt - it2s i"possib#e
@A. I* yo& in0est yo&r "oney on te stock "arket+ yo& risk losing it.

53.A (o"p#ete te sentences *or eac sit&ations &sing -ing
1. %at sa## ,e do' %e co&#d go to te Joo. She suggested going to the zoo
2. ;o yo& ,ant to p#ay tennis' No+ not rea##y. He didnt fany playing
tennis.
!. :o& ,ere dri0ing too *ast. :es. It2s tr&e. /orryI She admitted driving too
fast
". %y don2t ,e go *or a s,i"' 5ood idea. She suggested going for a
swim
#. :o& broke te (; p#ayer. No+ I didn2t. He denied breaking the $% player
&. (an yo& ,ait a *e, "in&tes' /&re+ no prob#e". 'hey didnt mind
waiting a few minutes.
53.3 (o"p#ete te sentences so tat tey "ean te sa"e as te *irst sentence. Use -
ing.
@. I can do ,at I ,ant and yo& can2t stop "e.
:o& can2t stop "e doing ,at I ,ant
A. It2s not a good idea to tra0e# d&ring te r&s o&r.
It2s better to a0oid tra0e#ing d&ring te r&s o&r
3. /a## ,e paint te kitcen ne!t ,eekend instead o* tis ,eekend'
/a## ,e postpone painting te kitcen &nti# te ne!t ,eekend'
B. (o&#d yo& t&rn te radio do,n+ p#ease'
5. %o&#d yo& "ind t&rning te radio do,n'
C. 7#ease don2t interr&pt "e a## te ti"e
D. %o&#d yo& "ind not interr&pting "e a## te ti"e'
53.B Use yo&r o,n ideas to co"p#ete sentences. Use -ing.
@. /e2s a 0ery interesting person. I a#,ays enjoy ta#king to er
A. I2" not *ee#ing 0ery ,e##. I don2t *ancy going o&t
3. I2" a*raid tere aren2t any cairs. I ope yo& don2t "ind sitting on te *#oor
B. It ,as a bea&ti*&# day+ so I s&ggested a0ing a picnic
B. It ,as 0ery *&nny. I co&#dn2t stop #a&ging
5. Fy car isn2t 0ery re#iab#e. It keeps breaking do,n