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CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking, Fourth Edition Chapter 6 Solutions

Chapter 6 Solutions
Review Questions
1. If ou want to see the he!adeci"al #oot setting for the configuration register, which
co""and would ou use$ %Choose all that appl.&
a. router' sh int
#. router' sh (er
c. router)sh (er
d. router)sh int
*. +hen the trace co""and is used, "ultiple packets are sent to a re"ote destination
with,
a. -rogressi(el higher ../ (alues until a packet reaches the destination
#. -rogressi(el lower ../ (alues until a packet is returned fro" the destination
c. -rogressi(el s"aller hop counts
d. Full routing ta#les
0. If ou want to configure the (alues that ping uses and ha(e access to e!tended "ode
ping options, which of the following represents the appropriate pro"pt and the
co""and ou would tpe #efore pressing the 1eturn ke$
a. router)ping
#. router)ping e! "d
c. router)ping "otd
d. router' ping
e. router)ping 2e
f. router' ping 2e
3. +hat is usuall stored in N41A5$ %Choose all that appl.&
a. Configuration register
#. 6ackup cop of the I7S
c. /i"ited (ersion of the I7S
d. Configuration file
8. +hich of the following connecti(it utilities use IC5- "essages for trou#leshooting
the connection$ %Choose all that appl.&
a. -ing
#. .elnet
c. .race
d. I- route
e. Show (ersion
6. +hich laer of the 7SI "odel contains the telnet utilit$
a. Application
#. Network
c. 9ata /ink
d. -hsical
e. .ransport
:. +hich of the following infor"ation is not (isi#le after ou issue a ping$
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CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking, Fourth Edition Chapter 6 Solutions
a. ;uantit of IC5- packets sent
#. .i"eout duration
c. Success rate
d. 5AC address
e. 1oundtrip ti"es
<. If the packet tpe is unknown, what does ping report$
a. =
#. .
c. $
d. >
?. +hich of the following co""ands are considered inco"plete or will not #e recogni@ed
# the routerAs I7S$ Assu"e that the 1eturn ke is pressed i""ediatel after the
co""and. %Choose all that appl.&
a. router' ping 1?*.16<.1.1
#. router)ping
c. router' ping
d. router)config
e. router' config
1B. +hich of the following "aps the route fro" CostA to Cost6 across the Internet$
a. show ip route co""and
#. -ing
c. .race
d. Finger
11. If the configuration register is set to B!*1B*, where will the sste" look for #oot
instructions$
a. Flash
#. N41A5
c. 1A5
d. 175
1*. If there are no specific instructions to the contrar, fro" where does the sste"
atte"pt to load the I7S$
a. 175
#. 1A5
c. N41A5
d. Flash
10. If ou want to see infor"ation a#out other Cisco de(ices attached to our router,
which of the following co""ands would ou use$
a. show cisco neigh#or
#. show cdp neigh#or
c. show cdp config
d. initiate cdp scan
13. +hat is the purpose of C9-$
a. .o co""unicate hardware infor"ation #etween Cisco and nonDCisco routers
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CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking, Fourth Edition Chapter 6 Solutions
#. .o co""unicate hardware infor"ation #etween switches and hu#s
c. .o co""unicate hardware infor"ation #etween Cisco routers and switches
d. .o update routing ta#les
18. +hich of the following is the final step in the router #oot process$
a. /ocate and load Cisco I7S
#. /oad #ootstrap
c. /ocate and load router configuration file
d. -7S.
16. +hich of the following occurs after the loading of the #ootstrap$
a. .est hardware
#. Configuration register is e!a"ined to deter"ine fro" where to load the I7S
c. /ocate and load router configuration file
d. -7S.
1:. +hat is another na"e for ena#le "ode$
a. Ena#le secret "ode
#. -ri(ileged EEEC "ode
c. /ogin "ode
d. >ser "ode
1<. 6 default, what will happen if the I7S cannot #e found in flash "e"or$
a. .he router atte"pts to load a "ini"al cop fro" 175.
#. .he router uses C9-.
c. .he router contacts an C..- ser(er.
d. .he router auto"aticall shuts down.
1?. If the router is configured to load the I7S fro" a .F.- ser(er, where will the router
look ne!t for the I7S$
a. 175
#. Flash
c. F.- ser(er
d. C..- ser(er
e. C9-
*B. +hich co""and could ou use to #ack up the I7S to a .F.- ser(er$
a. cop I7S tftp
#. cop flash tftp
c. cop ro" tftp
d. cop runningDconfig tftp
*1. If ou want to see infor"ation a#out other Cisco de(ices attached to our router,
including their I- addresses, which of the following co""ands would ou use$
a. show cisco neigh#or
#. show cdp neigh#or
c. show cdp neigh#or detail
d. show cdp neigh#or Ethernet
**. +hat is the co""and to erase the configuration file on a Cisco router$
a. erase startupDconfig
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CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking, Fourth Edition Chapter 6 Solutions
#. delete start
c. disa#le n(ra"
d. delete n(ra"
*0. .he show interfaces co""and displas the following output, FastEthernetBFB is up,
line protocol is ad"inistrati(el down. +hat do ou infer$
a. .here is no ca#le attached to the FastEthernetBFB interface on the router.
#. .he no shutdown co""and needs to #e configured on the FastEthernetBFB interface.
c. Inco"pati#le routing protocols ha(e #een configured on the router.
d. .here is a phsical pro#le" with the FastEthernetBFB interface on the router.
*3. +hat is the purpose of a hosts file on a router$
a. .o allow ou to use host na"es instead of I- addresses when referring to network
de(ices
#. .o facilitate A1- on the router
c. .o allow routers to see other de(ices on the network
d. .o #lock unwanted hosts fro" using the router
*8. +hat is the purpose of S95$
a. .o allow configuration of a Cisco router using the C/I
#. .o allow configuration of a Cisco router using a we#D#ased tool
c. .o allow configuration of a Cisco router using "enu codes
d. .o allow re"ote password reco(er
Case Projects
Case Project 1
CDP is not part of any protocol suite. It is an independent, Cisco proprietary, Data Link layer
protocol designed to inform neighbor routers and switches details, such as the port number to
which your device is attached to the remote device, the type of device, the model number (for
eample, !"##$, and the holdtime in seconds that the CDP information will be held. CDP
broadcasts the information every %# seconds by default, and is on for every interface by default.
&ou can turn it on and off using the cdp run and no cdp run commands, respectively, in global
configuration mode. &ou can turn it on and off of a single interface in interface configuration mode
using the cdp enable and no cdp enable commands, respectively. &ou may want to turn it off
because of broadcast traffic problems and'or because you don(t want to advertise your e)uipment
to other e)uipment.
Case Project 2
*irst, they should try the +show interface+ command, which will indicate if the interfaces on the
router are physically available, and if they are receiving keepalive messages which indicates data
link layer connectivity. ,ver -#. of all network problems are physical layer problems. If all
interfaces are /P'/P, the +show ip route+ command should be tried net because it displays the
routing table. 0 router cannot send data to a network for which there is no entry in the routing
table (unless there is a default or gateway route configured$. If the routing table is not correct,
they should look at whether or not 1IP or other routing protocols or static routes were configured
correctly. 2he +show run+ command will display the configuration. If the routing table is correct,
they should try pinging a neighbor to see if they have network layer connectivity. If that works,
they could use the +trace+ command to try and establish if and where communications are
breaking down. 2elnetting to a remote router indicates connectivity at the highest layer in the ,3I
mode, the application layer. It is possible that a neighbor router is having problems and affecting
the client(s router. *or eample, if a neighbor router has an interface that is D,45 and that
interface is connected to the client(s router, it could +push+ the client(s interface D,45. 0lso, a
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CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking, Fourth Edition Chapter 6 Solutions
neighbor router may have a configuration problem, such as incorrect routing protocol
configuration, that can affect the client(s router.
Case Project 3
3ince the I,3 is maintained in flash memory, 6oe has 7ust erased the operating system in the
router. 2his is usually highly undesirable. 8ecause the router is not configured to boot a copy of
the I,3 from a 2*2P server, when the router reboots, it will boot a limited version of the I,3 from
1,6.
Case Project 4
*irst they should ping the 2*2P server to make sure there is connectivity to it. 3ometimes, when
booting from 1,6, the router loses its connections. 2o make sure it can find the 2*2P server, it is
a good idea to shutdown the serial interfaces that do not lead to the 2*2P server. 0t the
appropriate interface prompt, they should use the shutdown command to do this. 2hen, 7ust to
make sure the router will find the 2*2P server, they can use the ip default9gateway command with
the ip address of the net router if there is one in between the router in )uestion and the 2*2P
server. 2hey should make sure the 2*2P software is up and running on the 2*2P server. 2he
command to copy the I,3 from a 2*2P server to the router is copy tftp flash. 2hey will be
prompted for the name of the file, which is c!%##9i9m:.;!<9;"b.bin, and the ip address of the
2*2P server. 2hey will then have to confirm the copy. 0 series of eclamation marks will display
on screen while the file is copying. ,nce a successful copy has taken place, they can use the
reload command to reboot.
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