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Pre-treatment may include one or

more of the following types of


equipment:
Clarifier
DA Tank or Open eed !ater
"eater

#ofteners
Deminerali$ers
%e&erse Osmosis' iltering or
Degasification (quipment
O)ygen #ca&engers
*one or more of the following+
#ulfites
(rythor,ates
"ydroquinone
Deha
-ethylethylketo)imine
"ydra$ine
Car,ohydra$ide
p" Control
Acids
Caustics
Amines
#cale .nhi,itors
Phosphates
Chelants
Polymers
/0ote: A &ariety of different anti-foam agents
may also ,e used to treat ,oiler water1
Pre-treatment
Boiler Water Treatment
Steam and Condensate Treatment
#team and condensate systems are treated with neutrali$ing or
filming amines to help pre&ent corrosion
#prung Training #ystems .ncorporated
0ew 2righton' -0
Phone *345+ 367-899:
Toll-free *;33+ 367-899:
a) *345+ 367-8:94
The focus of water treatment for ,oilers is simple: To e)tend equipment life and maintain clean heat transfer surfaces ,y pre&enting scale and corrosion1 The
water<steam system is ,est e)amined ,y looking at the ,oiler as a separate system from e&erything else1 .t=s in the >e&erything else? portion that most of the
meaningful treatment takes place' part of which is pretreatment.
Pretreatment has the goal of remo&ing minerals and gases which cause corrosion and fouling1 ()amples of pretreatment include: Clarification' filtration'
softening' deminerali$ation' re&erse osmosis' degasification' deaeration' etc11 #ome or all of these may ,e applied at a gi&en location1 The type of pretreatment
selected will ,e chosen ,ased on the water conditions' the operating pressure of the ,oiler and end use of the steam1 -echanical methods of pretreatment are
augmented with chemicals which enhance the efficiency and protect the pretreatment equipment1 ()amples of chemical applications enhancing pretreatment would
,e o)ygen sca&engers' p" modifiers' and polymeric despersants1 .n cases in&ol&ing raw water clarification *e1g1 hot<cold lime softening+' you would also see the
use of coagulants and flocculants1 The end result would ,e suita,le ,oiler feedwater1
!ithin the ,oiler itself' a two phase system of water and steam e)ists1 2oth of these phases are treated to maintain ,oiler and post ,oiler equipment integrity1
Chemistry in&ol&ing p" ad@ustment' phosphates' chelates and polymers are added to attain a corrosion and fouling free en&ironment1 Proper chemical addition and
control as well as a good ,lowdown routine will allow a window of comfort e&en during periods of less than perfect ,oiler feed water supply1
.n the post ,oiler system' a good trapping set up and well designed condensate return system is chemically augmented to maintain the proper conditions1 The
desired en&ironment is a non corrosi&e p"' free from corrosi&e gases *e1g1 o)ygen and car,on dio)ide+1 .t is also important to pre&ent intrusion of impurities from
process related sources or other cross connected systems1
Two of the more important and often o&erlooked portions of steam system water treatment are the periods in&ol&ing ,oiler shut down and ,oiler lay-up *hot or
cold+1 #pecific measures ,eyond the scope of this primer must ,e taken during these periods to ensure that e&erything descri,ed in the a,o&e discussion is not
erased in a short detrimental period1
.t is strongly recommended that you consult with a water treatment professional regarding the a,o&e points to ensure that you are doing e&erything you can to
operate efficiently and e)tend the life of your equipment1
Steam Generating Systems - Water Treatment Basics
#prung Training #ystems .ncorporated
0ew 2righton' -0
Phone *345+ 367-899:
Toll-free *;33+ 367-899:
a) *345+ 367-8:94