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P

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Congratulations!
Pig is a Boxer, Chow Chow,
American Staffordshire Terrier
Mix
In the following pages, you will learn about:
KEY BREEDS DETECTED
KEY BREED HISTORY, APPEARANCE, AND BEHAVIOR
HOW KEY PHYSICAL TRAITS ARE INHERITED
OTHER POSSIBLE MIXED BREED SIGNATURES
PREDICTED WEIGHT
HOW TO UPLOAD A PHOTO AND SHARE YOUR STORY
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
KEY BREEDS DETECTED
YOU HAVE A BOXER, CHOW CHOW, AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER MIX
The Wisdom Panel

computer algorithm performed over seven million calculations using 11 different models (from a
single breed to complex combinations of breeds) to predict the most likely combination of pure and mixed breed dogs in
the last 3 ancestral generations that best fit the DNA marker pattern observed in Pig. The ancestry chart depicting the
best statistical result of this analysis is shown in the picture below.
Boxer Boxer
Chow
Chow
Chow
Chow
Boxer
Mixed
Breed

American Staffs.
Terrier*
Mixed
Breed

Boxer
Chow
Chow
Boxer
Mix
American Staffs.
Terrier Mix
Boxer / Chow
Chow Cross
Pig
Boxer / American
Staffs. Terrier Mix
*Breed detected, however at a lower confidence. Such results are not included in accuracy calculations.
KEY BREED HISTORY, APPEARANCE & BEHAVIOR
BOXER
All dogs should be considered individual animals. Because each is a product
of their unique environment and handling, they may exhibit different traits and
behaviors than those listed here.
HEIGHT:
21 - 25 in
WEIGHT (SHOW):
55 - 66 lb
WEIGHT (PET):
49 - 77 lb
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The history of the Boxer dates back to nineteenth century Germany, where they were used for hunting deer and boar. The
ancestors of the Boxer include the Bullenbeiszer and the Barenbeiszer, which are now both extinct. The crossing of those
breeds with the English Bulldogs of the 1830s resulted in the Boxer as we know it today. Boxers were bred to be hunting
dogs and they earned their name from the boxing pose they are known to take when standing on their hind legs. Later in
the breeds development, it was made apparent that they were also well-suited for herding and the Boxer was used in more
than a few circus acts due to its ability to learn tricks quickly and perform them on command. The popularity of Boxers
started to increase rapidly in the 1860s when the German Boxer Klub was founded. At the turn of the twentieth century
the Boxer made its way to the United States and the American Kennel Club recognized the Boxer as a breed in 1904.
The AKC breed standard for boxers requires that they come only in fawn and brindle (black and brown stripes) with the
fawn ranging from a light tan to mahogany and restricts the amount of white seen on the dog. Accepted traits include a
black mask commonly seen in the breed. White boxers also have a following; though do not meet the breed standard.
Do You Recognize Any of These Boxer Traits In Pig?
Intelligent, hard working, and playful dogs, with a high
amount of energy.
Boxers seem to enjoy dog sports such as agility, flyball, rally
and competitive obedience.
Eager to learn and respond well to reward-based training
using treats and favorite toys.
Tendency to jump up on people, sometimes boxing with their
front feet when doing so.
KEY BREED HISTORY, APPEARANCE & BEHAVIOR
CHOW CHOW
All dogs should be considered individual animals. Because each is a product
of their unique environment and handling, they may exhibit different traits and
behaviors than those listed here.
HEIGHT:
18 - 22 in
WEIGHT (SHOW):
40 - 65 lb
WEIGHT (PET):
42 - 69 lb
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EARS MUZZLE TAIL
The Chow Chow is a venerable breed dating back at least two thousand years. Many believe that the breed originated in
China, but there is some evidence that indicates the Chow Chow actually migrated to China from Mongolia and Manchuria.
While no one can say for sure from which breeds the Chow Chow has descended, it is believed that the breed has Tibetan
mastiff and Samoyed in its bloodline. The Chow Chow served a dual purpose in China. Some were used for hunting while
others were used to guard the sacred temples from evil entities. The East Indian Company brought the Chow Chow to
England in 1781 and Queen Victoria received Chow Chows as a gift in 1865. During the 1880s, the numbers of Chow
Chows imported increased drastically. The Chow Chow is one of the oldest known breeds, recognized by the American
Kennel Club in 1903.
The Chow Chow comes in either rough or smooth coat, with the rough having a more fluffy appearance. The coat may
have lighter shading and be one of five colors; black, blue, cinnamon, cream, and red, which varies from a light golden
to a deep mahogany. The Chow is famous for its blue mottled tongue, and sometimes has a black mask.
Do You Recognize Any of These Chow Chow Traits In Pig?
Reputation as a loyal family dog. Reserved and wary with strangers.
Independent spirit, but responds to reward-based obedience
training.
May require socialization to reduce defensive aggressive
tendencies. There have been reported incidents of Chow
Chows being aggressive with other pets or people.
KEY BREED HISTORY, APPEARANCE & BEHAVIOR
AMERICAN
STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER
All dogs should be considered individual animals. Because each is a product
of their unique environment and handling, they may exhibit different traits and
behaviors than those listed here.
HEIGHT:
17 - 19 in
WEIGHT (SHOW):
40 - 60 lb
WEIGHT (PET):
38 - 68 lb
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The American Staffordshire Terrier can trace its roots all the way back to the nineteenth century in England. The English
Staffordshire Terrier was created when various terriers were crossed with the Bulldog. The crossbreeding resulted in the
active and powerful breed that came to the attention of the United States public in 1870. American breeders then focused
their attention and efforts to increasing the size and weight of the American Staffordshire Terrier. These breeding efforts
resulted in a Staffordshire Terrier that was recognized as a separate breed by the American Kennel Club in 1936. In
1972, the current name of American Staffordshire Terrier was adopted. The American Staffordshire Terrier was once
used primarily for fighting. That practice, however, was banned in the early 1900s and two separate variations of the
breed were gradually developed.
The American Staffordshire Terrier can be any color, with solid, particolor, or patched black, brown, tan, brindle (black
and brown striped), liver, red or fawn. Black or blue mask, brindle or tan points are commonly seen traits in this breed.
Ears may also appear different due to cropping.
Do You Recognize Any of These American Staffordshire Terrier Traits In Pig?
Intelligent, hard-working, and stoic dogs.
Very loyal to family and usually good with children. May not
get along well with other dogs.
American Staffordshire Terriers seem to enjoy dog sports
such as agility, flyball, rally and competitive obedience.
There have been reported incidents of American Staffordshire
Terriers being aggressive with other pets or people.
HOW KEY PHYSICAL TRAITS ARE INHERITED
The Influence of Breeds on Appearance
This report reveals the breeds detected in your dogs DNA. It also includes checklists of physical traits associated
with these breeds. Breeds can combine their influences in countless, fascinating ways. Its the unique combination
that makes your dog one-of-a-kind.
Your dog may behave like, or strongly resemble, just one of the breeds in its makeup. However much more commonly
your dogs looks and personality will blend aspects of these breeds. In the example below you can see how many of
Frankies physical traits are due to a blending of breed influences.
FEATHERING
The longer hair on the
legs, tail and around the
ears, is due to dominant
modifier genes available
from the Shetland
Sheepdog.
BLACK PIGMENT
This coloring in the
nose, eye rims, lips and
pads on the feet is due
to one copy of the black
gene variant, available
from all three ancestral
breeds.
WHITE SPOTTING
This is due to a lack of pigment and
is often found in the extremities (feet,
chest, face, etc.), but can also extend
over more of the body. It can be due to
many genes including those found in
the three ancestral breeds here.
BRINDLE COAT COLOR
The black and tan striping in Frankies
coat is a dominant trait coming from
one copy of the brindle gene variant.
This is available from the Italian
Greyhound, Parson Russell Terrier and
Shetland Sheepdog.
SHORT HAIR
This is due to one copy
of the gene variant from
the Italian Greyhound or
the Parson Russell Terrier
that is dominant over the
long coat gene from the
Shetland Sheepdog.
Wisdom Panel

found these breeds in our example dog Frankie:


For additional information, watch an illustrative video at http://youtu.be/UAcPOch4-C8 - it provides
educational content around canine DNA, the basic blueprint for life, and a closer look at inherited
genes.
MIXED BREED SIGNATURES (IF DETECTED)
What Does the Mixed Breed Ancestry Mean for PIG?
A portion of Pigs ancestry was predicted to be mixed beyond the three generations we test for. It is
difficult to identify strong breed signals in this mixed portion, so we have listed the five breeds with the
strongest statistical likelihood below.
The breeds are listed in order of strength with the most likely at the top of the list. One or more of these
breeds MAY HAVE contributed to the genetic makeup in the mixed breed icon(s), but it is highly unlikely that
all these breeds are present in Pigs ancestry.
Note that there could also be a breed or breeds present in the mixed breed component that cannot be
detected with the current database of over 200 breeds.
Portuguese
Water Dog
Alaskan Klee Kai
Scottish
Deerhound
Maltese
Lakeland Terrier
For more information about how Wisdom Panel

is performed, please see the How Wisdom Panel


Works section later in this report.
RECEIVE $15 OFF FOR FRIENDS & FAMILY...
...Or Another Kit for You!
We'd like to say thank you for purchasing a Wisdom Panel

DNA kit with $15 off another kit for you, or to pass along
to friends or family. Just visit WisdomPanel.com and use
this promo code* below at the time of checkout.
PROMO CODE:
FFSVV2HA
Check Out the Dog Community!
Want to share your results with other Wisdom Panel users
and dog lovers? We've got a Dog Community for you! Just
visit WisdomPanel.com and click on "Dog Community" and
you can search for dogs with the same mix of breeds as
your own, or upload a photo and story about your own dog.
It's easy, fun and a great way to share your results.
*This code is good for one-time use, on wisdompanel.com for one Wisdom Panel 2.0 or Optimal Selection kit until December 31, 2014. It cannot
be combined with any other promotions or discounts and cannot be used on/in any other retailer site(s) or storefronts.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Predicted Adult Weight Profile
Based upon the breeds detected in Pigs ancestry and the genetic markers analyzed by Wisdom Panel

, as well as the
information provided that Pig is Female and Intact, we have calculated the likely weight that Pig should reach when
an adult. The Wisdom Panel target weight profile is presented as a range based on the unique mix and proportion
of breeds detected.
If Intact, the adult weight is predicted to be between 36 - 58 lbs.
If Spayed, the adult weight is predicted to be between 40 - 63 lbs.
Many factors can influence an adult dogs weight, including sex and neuter status. Both of these factors have been
used to calculate the predicted weight profile. Another major influence on canine weight is body condition score,
which is a factor of your dogs lifetime nutrition and exercise regimen. If your dogs body condition is different from
the ideal body condition score, we anticipate that your dog might be under (if underweight) or over (if overweight)
the weight predicted by Wisdom Panel.
To learn more about assessing body condition score, please use the Royal Canin Body Condition Score Chart:
http://about.royalcanin.co.uk/dog-body-condition/
More information on this can be found at:
http://www.royalcanin.ca/index.php/Your-Dog/Adult/blogindex_dog/Body-Condition-Scoring-in-Dogs
Customize Your Dog's Certificate:
You can now include a photo of your dog on your certificate.
Simply go to: www.wisdompanel.com and click on the TEST STATUS CHECKER
box at the top
Enter your last name and test sample ID #
Click on the UPLOAD PHOTO button
Follow the pop-up instructions to upload your dogs photo
Check Us Out on Social Media!
/doggieDNA
@WisdomPanel
@WisdomPanel
/WisdomPanel
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Thank You for Using Wisdom Panel

to Uncover the Story of Your Dogs


Ancestry!
Congratulations on taking the steps to learn about Pigs ancestry and to understand what
breeds are in your mixed breed dog using Wisdom Panel! Knowing your dogs breeds
is more than a novelty - it is a medical necessity. Each breed in your poochs genetic
paw print has unique health concerns you should know about so that you can provide
a lifetime of excellent care.
We recommend discussing your dogs ancestry report with your veterinarian, as he or she can help you use your Wisdom
Panel report to help better care for Pig. The next time you visit your veterinarian, consider asking these questions in
addition to any you come up with on your own:
Are there any specific issues that may be relevant to my dogs well-being?
Are there any special techniques that may help in training a dog with this particular mix?
Are there any particular dietary considerations to bear in mind for a dog like mine?
How Wisdom Panel Works
The process started when you sent a sample to our laboratory, where the DNA was extracted from the cells and
examined for the 321 markers that are used in the test. The results for these markers were sent to a computer,
that evaluated them using a program designed to consider all of the pedigree trees that are possible in the last
three generations. The trees considered include a simple pedigree with a single breed (a likely pure-bred dog), two
different breeds at the parental level (a first-generation cross), all the way up to a complex tree with eight different
great-grandparent breeds allowed.
Our computer used information from over 200 breeds and varieties from our breed database to fill these potential
pedigrees. For each of the millions of combinations of ancestry trees built and considered, the computer gave each
a score representing how well that selected combination of breeds matched to your dogs data. The pedigree with
the overall best score is the one which is shown on the ancestry chart. Only breeds that reached our set confidence
threshold for reporting are reported in the ancestry chart.
Terms And Conditions
Each dog is unique and their physical and behavioral traits will be the result of
multiple factors, including genetics, training, handling, and environment. Using
a proprietary analysis and database, Wisdom Panel

2.0 product can provide


insight into the breed ancestry of your dog. The Wisdom Panel

2.0 product is
designed and intended to be used solely to either identify the genetic breed
makeup and predict the adult size of such a mixed-breed dog, or to confirm the
genetic profile observed in a tested dog matches a particular breed profile. No
other purpose is intended, authorized, or permitted.
Upon receipt of your sample, Mars Veterinary will analyze your dogs DNA to
determine the breed(s) present in your dogs recent ancestry. In the case of a
likely purebred dog, this will involve a comparison of genetic profile in your dog
to a proposed breed. In the case of a proposed crossbred dog (i.e. a dog with
ancestry from two different purebred parents), this will involve determining the
heritage of your dogs sire and dam. In all cases this is done with a reasonable
degree of certainty.
Mars Veterinarys testing procedures are designed to provide reliable and
accurate results. Mars Veterinary is not responsible for any errors in obtaining
the swab sample or for any injuries or loss that may occur as a result.
In the unlikely event that it is not possible to determine breed history or that an
error in the analysis occurs, liability by Mars Veterinary or related companies and
individuals is expressly disclaimed. Damages, if any, are limited to the payment
actually received by Mars Veterinary for the specified analysis at issue.
Wisdom Panel

2.0 is based upon the Mars Veterinary database of validated


breeds. If your dog contains other breeds, it may result in the identification of
breeds, or a combination of breeds in the database, related to the breeds in
your pets history.
Many countries and provinces have breed-specific ordinances and laws that may
require special handling or prohibit the ownership of some dogs with a particular
breed in their genetic background. Wisdom Panel

2.0 is not intended to be used


by regulatory or animal control officials to determine whether a particular breed
is legislated or banned in a particular country or province. Nor is Wisdom Panel

2.0 intended to be used in any judicial proceedings. Rather, it is intended to be


used as a tool or resource in determining a dog's genetic history. Neither Mars
Veterinary nor any related company is responsible for compliance or notification
regarding these matters.
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