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MPCHCNcINC
ISRlVANC
lllRAlDlICAN

CINI{IIC

THEIMPERIALEDICTOF

EMPERORYONGZHENC
ITSRELEVANCETO

MULTICULTURALEDUCATION

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THEIMPERIALEDICTOF

EMPERORYONGZHENG
IEmpeoongZhengthinkaIItheThee
Teachings(Confucianism/BuddhismandTaoism)

havethecapacittoheIppeopIebeenIightenedin
ChinabecauseaIITheeTeachingsdeivefomthe
sameoiginalsouce.TheiteachingsunpaaIIeIto
eachothethusthedonotcontadicteachothe.
ItisonIwhenpeopedonothavethoough
undestandingthattheimindsbecomeuncleaand
thehavediffeencesofopinion.TheTaoiststhink
TaoismisbetteandBuddhismisIessesteemed.

TheBuddhistssaTaoismisnotasgeatasBud
dhism.TheConfuciansexcIudethembothand

cIaimtheaenotcoectEachofthemhasonI
seIinteestinmindThusthecontadictand
competewitheachotheeachaimingtodominate
ovetheothetwo.ButtheonIfindthemselvesin
atightcontest
l

ThoughpactisingthediscouseoftheThee
TeachingsIcometoeaIizetheaeequaIIgood
eventhoughonthesufacetheappeatobedi
eentthenatueoftheipincipIesisthesame.
ThealIhavethesamepuposeinmindteaching
andencouagingpeopIetobegood.TheBuddhas
teachingsoftheivePeceptsandthe!TenVi
tuousConducts/IeadpeopIetogoodness.The
ConfucianteachingsoftheiveMoalConducts
andOneHundedWasaIsoinducegiveincen
tiveandpesuadepeopIetobegood.Istheean
sacedteachingthatdoesnotIeadpeopIetodothe
same?

Empeoliu-SongWendioncemadeacom
menttohispesonaIstaffmembeShangZhihHe
thattheSixBooksofChineseCIassicsaetoedu

catethemasspopulation.Howeveifonehopesto
eIevateonesspiituaeaImonemustusethe
Buddhistsciptuesastheguide.lfalImpeople
Il

canadheetotheteachingsofConucianismand
Buddhismandbecomehonestdownto-eathand
good-natuedthecountwiIIbeatpeaceandl
wiIIhavenothingmoetowoabout.

ShangZhihHeepliedthatiftenpeopIeina
viIlageofonehundedfamiIiesabidebtheive
PeceptswewihavetenpeopIewhoaefiendI
kindhonestcautiousandespectfuI.Inaegionof
onethousandfamiIiesifonehundedpeopIeabide
btheTenCoodConductswewiIIhaveone
hundedpeopeliveinhamon.IweappIthis
samepincipIetothewhoIenationwheewema
haveahundedmiIionofhousehodswewiII
havemiIIionsofvituouspeopIeIivinginhamon.
IfwecanpactiseonegoodconductoneIesseviI
wiIIbecommitted.OneIesseviIconductmeans

theeIiminationofonepunishment.IfeachamiI
educesthecimeatebonewecaneliminate
thousandsandthousandsofpunishments.esin

deedthecountwiIIthenbeinpeaceandou

llI

HigInes5cansitonouthonewithoutanwo.
ThisisalsothegoaIofBuddhismtoeadIcate

geedandmiseIinessandtoinducevituesand
kindnessInpeopIeIfwebeIieveinthewodsof
EmpeoiuSongWendiandShangZhihHeand
aeabIetopactIsegoodconductaccodingIwe
cansetagoodexampIefoothestofoIIowand
teachandguidethepeopIeInestabIishinggood
customs.ThusthecanassisttheEmpeoingoveningthecountnandinheIpingthepeopIe.
lfwewantondefametheTheeTeachings
andcompaethemtotheabsudandheetic
teachingsofYangZiandMoZi/wehavem<sunde5toodandaebeingunfaitotheTheeTeach

ings.BefOeIbecametheEmpeoIpaidcIose
attentiontoBuddhismespeciaIItheXingBud
dhismofwhichIhavegainedanindepthunde
standingAfteIbecametheEmpeoIhavedevotedmuchomtImetotheRoaIImpeiaCouT.
lV

AIsoIdidnotwantpeopetothinkthatIwaspatiaI
toBuddhism.Thusldidnotdiscussthiswithanone.IwantedtowaituntiIthecountwasontack
befoeboachingtheissue.IwantedtodawattentiontothedoctineoftheTheeTeachingsthatitis
wongtopaiseoneselfandsandeothes.hlowI
havebeenEmpeofoteneas.Inmspaetime
wasabIetocompieaIistofmviewpointSand
notethethoughtsoftheancientschoIasfOthose
whoaecuentIfoIIowingtheTheeTeachings.

I.TheancientpeoplesaidZhouCongand
ConfuciususedtheSixBooksofChineseCIassicsto

educatethepeopIe.TheheaTothepuposeofthis
educationwasoatandfiIiaIpiet.Thetopicsof
thetwovoIumesblao-tzuaethewaandthe
vitues.Thebasisofthetheedivisionsofthe

BuddhistCanonisoving-kindness.Theiachieve
mentsmabedifeenttheipincipIesaethe
same.AIIofthemaenobIeteachingsanddesee
tobeadmied.
V

2.TheaIsosaidthatConfucianismhadestab
IisheditseIfastheightteaching.Taoismhades
tabIisheditselfasthemostesteemed.Buddhism

hadestabIisheditsefasthegeatest.Howevethe

messageofaItheeistopeseveIivesandabstain
fomIdIIing.ThewokfomthesamepincipIeof
Ioving-kindness.TheaIIadvocateteatingothes
asonewouIdteatoneseIf.AgaintheaIladvocate
impatiaIit.TheaIIwantpeopIetostopbeing
angntoeIiminateimpopedesiestoestict
themselvesfomdoingwongthingsandimpope
behavious.TheaIIpomotethecuItivationof
vituouscondud

3.TheaIsosaidthattheteachingsofBud

dhismcancueoumindstheteachingsofTaoism
cancueoubodiesandtheteachingsofConfu
cianismcancuethewoId.

4.TheaIsosaidthatthetemjnatueusedb

VI

Buddhahasthesamemeaningaswhendeinedb
alItheothebooksandaIItheecodedteachingsof

thesaintsandsages.BoadIspeakingBud
dhanatueencompassesaIIthevitues.lfpeopIes
heatsaesinceeiftheaIIIivepueanddiscipIinedlivesiftheaIIgivepecedencetocoutes
toothepeopenotonthebuttheieIatives
wiIbebenefited.ThecanheIptheempeostabi
Iisethecountn/.

5.TheaIsosaidthattheBuddhaWaandthe
SoveeignWaaeoneandthesame.TheSove
eignWaisextemeIboadItisthesameasthe
MiddIeWa.TheBuddhaWaisaIsotheMiddIe
Wawhichisunbiasedandvituous.Theipu
posesaeidenticaI.
6.ThealsosaidthatBuddhismwasestab
IishedtoheIppeopestopfombeingsupeficiaI
andbepacticaI.ItaIsoheIpspeopIetoefainfom
aIItheideviantwasandbegood.PeopIema

VlI

havetotnvehadatthebeginningbutonce
theaccustomthemseIvestovituousconductthe
wiIIactaccoding.lfthesopadIsethewilI
fistbebeneitedTIenthewiIIbeabIetoheIp
othestodothesameThuspeopIeneedeIon
nothingmoethanIustBuddhism.
7.TheaIso5aidthat8uddhismisnotofthis
woIdbecauseIt5teachingsdonotappItopeopIe
IivinginthesecuIawoIdThatcommentwas
madewithoutefeencetoBuddhasSixPaamItaS

oexampIefomtI1estageofmasteIngdeep
concentationtoeachtheotheshoeattaining

wisdomisthIsnottheIeamingofthiswoIdbe
foemovingontothenext?

8.TheaIsosaidthattheeaenotwowas
andthesaintsdonothavetwominds.TheWa
couseofnatuehasbeeninexIstencebefoethe
woIdisfomedhe5aIntsistcuethemseIves

withthetutIthehavegainedfompactisingthe
Viii

WaThenthecanappthesametuthtoheIp
goventhecountandbingpeacetothenation.s
thisnotageatdeed!

ThusthosesaintsmabeboninChina!inthe
WestoeIsewhee.Eventhoughtheaebonin
dieentpIacesifthehavetuIattainedthe

WatheimindsshouIdbethesame.Sincethe
eightitemsistedaboveaebasedontheteachings
ofthesaintstheeshouIdbenodieenceof
oplnIon.

EventhougheachoftheTheeTeachingsspe
ciaIisesinitsownespectiveaeaofcuingthe
mindthebodothewoId!appaentItheaIso
havetheishotcomings.ThusthecompIement
eachotheandbecomeequalIimpotant.We
cannotdowithoutanoneofthem.
EventhosewhoclaimtobestudingBud
dhismandTaoismaesometimesbiasedandnot
lX

exadIcoedandnoteveoneofthosewho
studConfucianismisatuepactitione.oin
stancesomeBuddhistpactitionesdeceivethe
publicbtheieccenticintepetationsofthewod
jemptiness.SomeTaoistpaditionesfooIpeopIe
withtheiheeticskis.TheaeaIIguiItofviolatingtheiespectiveteachings.Manwhohave
eadextensiveIoftheBookoPoetytakabout
IovingkindnessandpesonaIIoaItandetbe
haveothewise.TheaeiustasguiItofcheating
thepubIic.
IfweignoeothepeopIesstongpointsbut
denouncetheishotcomingsifwepuposeIdis
guiseoushotcomingsinsteadoveexaggeating

ougoodpointsandifwewiIfuIIttobIacken
othepeopIesgoodnamestheseaesignsoou
beingseIfishandteacheous.Thisisnotwhata
pesonofnobIechaadeandintegitoughttodo.
ThesepeopIehaveoveestimatedtheistength
andabilities.
X

Duingthepastweaslwasaskedtoban
peopIefomodainingthemseIvesandtotun
BuddhistandTaoisttempIesintoacademiesof
cIassicaIIeaningsothewouldthenbeIongtothe
Confucians.Theeweecountmagistateswho
thewthemonksandnunsoutoftheitempIesfO
noeason.TheeweeevenpeopIewhoaskedme
tomatchthemonksandnunsintocoupIesfothe
puposeofpopagationsopopuIationcouIdbe
inceased.Thosekindsofpopositionsaeabsud
andcauseunesttothecount.Theipoponents
havenotgivenathoughttotheactthatitisthei
countsesponsibiIittoheIpthosewhoae
widowedandthosewhoaealone.Sinceitisthei

choicetobemonksandnunsitistheiintentto

cuItivatethemseIvesandtoaccumuIategoodO
tuneOthecountanditspeopIe.AnobIeempeoouIewouIdnotaskthemtoesumea

secuIalifeandtogetmaiedfOsuchativiaI
eason.SincepeopIewhomakethosepopositions
Xl

aeextemeignoantandstiIIveoungIam
notgoingtopunishthemfOtheiabsudities.
AsfOthoseIefthomepesonsBuddhist
monksnunsandTaoistpiestswhohavevioIated
thelawthewiIIbepunishedaccodingI.Butto
thoseasceticswhohaveadheedstictItothe

teachingswemustgiveoufuIIpotectionand
suppot.ThosewhopeachheeticaIteachings
mustbeseveeIpunished.oexampIethee
codedwitingsofDaolinandXingengae
peposteous.TheteachingsofaCangandHong
RenaethesavageteachingsofthedeviI.IwiII
havethempunished.WemustnotIettheitheoies
bIendwithandtanishtheightteachings.0the
wiseitwiIIbecomeimpossibIefOthepeopIetoteII
thediffeence.

IhavethooughIexpoedtheoiginaIsouce
oftheTheeTeachingsandIknowtheneedtobe

teatedfaiI.lwantthosepeopIeBuddhistsand
X>l

TaoistswhohaveontheipesonaIinteestsin
mindthosewhoaeopinionatedandpaTiaIto
theiownbeIiefsthusIosingtheisenseoffair
nesstowakeupandbeawaeofthesesobeing
acts.IammakingthisannouncementtoenIighten
thosewhoaeignoant.

ThisistheimpeiaIedidtoaIItheciviImiIi
taandcoutofficialstogivespeciaIattentionto
thepotedionandsuppotofthelefthomepesons.
ThisistobegovenedbseIfIessactionsandgood
intentions.

Xlll

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

THEIMPERIALEDICTOF

EMPERORYONGZHENG
ITSRELEVANCETOMULTICUIURALEDUCATION

ThecontentofthisaticIeisanabidgedve

sionoaseiesofeightIectuesgivenbVeneabIe
MasteChinKunginToowoombaAustaIiain
2004.TheIectuesweebasedonanimpeiaIedid

wittenbEmpeoongZhengduinghiseign
l723-I735intheingDnast.Thisedictwhich
iscontainedintheCoIlectionoaoistSciptuesis
usedinefeencetothemodendamuIticuItua
education.

ThefistpaagaphoftheedictisasfoIIows:I

EmpeoYongZhengnkaIItheTheeTeach
ings(ConfucianismBuddhismandTaoism)have
hecapacittoheIppeopebeenIightenedin
ChinabecauseaTheeTeachingsdeivefomthe

sameoigihasouceTheiteachingsunpaae
1

ChinI(ung

toeachothethusthedonotcontadicteach
otheItisonIwhenpeopIedonothavethoough
undestandingthattheimindsbecomeuhcIea
andthehavediffeencesofopiniohTheTaoists
thinkTaoismisbetteandBuddhismisIesses.

teemedTheBuddhist5saTaoismisnotasgeat
asBuddhismTheConfuciansexc|udethemboth

andcIaimtheaenotcoectEachofthemhas
onlseIfinteestinmihdThusthecontadict
andcompetewiheachotheeachaimingto
dominateoveheothetwoButtheonfind
themseIvesinatigMcontest

InthispaagaphEmpeoongZheng
pointedouthowtheTheeTeachingsinChina
contadicteachotheonItofindthemseIves
moeorIessequaIinstengthInthetimesincethe
edidwasissuedthesituationhasnotimpovedbut
haswosened.ltisnoIongeusttheTheeTeach
ingsdisageeingamongthemseIves.Thedifeent
denominationswithineachoftheTheeTeachings
2

TheEdictoEmpeo0ngZheng

nowa|sofindthemse|vesinoppositiontoeach

otheoexampewhenBuddhismfistcameto
ChinaintheSuiandTangDnastiesaboutI500

easagotenschooIsofBuddhismweefounded
basedonthevaiousteachingsoShakamuni

Buddha.ThefoIIowesoaIItenweeaIIstudents

ofShakamuniBuddha.Itissimilatoamoden
univesitthathastenschooIs.WithineachschooI
theeaevaiousdepatments.Eachdepatmentis
thendividedintomanmaioaeasofstud
ThefadthatBuddhismhastenschooIsdoes

notaItetheactthattheteachingsofeachofthe
schoosthoughdieentaestiItheteachingsof
ShakamuniBuddhaAIItheistudentsaestudents
oftheBuddha.AmongaIthediffeentpactising
methodstaughtbShakamuniBuddhathestudentsmachooseonIonemethodtopactise
Sincewehavethesameteachehowcanwe

notkeepanopendiaIoguewithaIItheothede3

ChinKung

patmentsandschooIs?Itislikegivingbithtoten
chiIden.faItenchiIdenopposeoneanothe
onIpaisethemsevesandslandetheotheshow
teiblhutthepaentsmustfeeI.lfwedonote
mainincontactwitheachotheifweonIpaise
ousevesandsIandetheothesweaenotbeing

fiIiaIchiIdentooupaentsnoaewebeinge
spectfuItoouteaches.Thisdeficiencdesenes
oucIoseattention

BuddhaShakamunitaughtusthatnomatte
whichschooodenominationwebeIongtoaII
BuddhistteachingsaebasedonthepincipIeof

beingfiiaItooupaentsandbeingofseiceto

outeachesandedes.Thisisthef0undationof

Buddhasteachings.OntheothehandtheConfu
ciansputemphasisonmoaIconductpimaiIthe

fivemoaIcondudscaIledWuChang:

kind-heaednessesponsibiitiesandduties

popeetiquettewisdomandtustwothiness.The
BuddhistsabidebtheivePecepts:tonotIdII
4

TheEdictoEmpeo0ngZheng

steaIengageinsexuaImisconductIieotakein
toxicants.ThepeceptofnokiIIingcanbeequated
tokindheatednesswhichmeansonemustnot

hamanIivingbeing.IfwecauseconfIictsamong
othesweaewong.WehavewongedtheseIiv
ingbeingsWehavefaIenshotofouteachesas
weIasoupaentsexpectations.
ReIigiousteachingsaetheteachingsofsaints
andsages.EmpeoongZhengsaiditweI.He
saidthepuposeoaIItheTheeTeachingsinChina
wastoheppeopIebeakthoughtheideIusions
andbeenIightenedtoheIpthemIeavetheimis
eiesandtoeachfohappiness.ThusthegoaIof
theteachingsisexactIthesameltisaIsothegoaI
ofeducationinChina.TheTheeTeachingsmabe
deepintheimeaningsbuttheaenotinconfIid
witheachothe.ThefactisthatnotonItheThee
TeachingsthathavetheigoaIssetonheIpingpeo
pIetobeathoughdeusionsandbeenIightened
toleavetheimiseiesandtoeachfOhappiness
5

ChinKung

aItheeIigiousfoundesandIeadesinthewoId
figuesIikelesusChistandMosesintheChistian
faithandMuhammedintheIslamicfaith!havethis

samegoaIinmind.TheaIIwanttheiOIlowesto
beenIightenedandtoIeadhappandfuIfiIIed
Iives

IfEmpeoongZhengweenotanenIightenedpesonhewouIdnotbeabIetomakethese
statements.ThusbeingenIightenedEmpeoYong
ZhengwasabetopaequaIespedtoaIIThee
TeachingstoIeanfomandbenefitfomthem.
Howevemostpeopetodadonothaveenough
undestandingoftheTheeTeachingswhethe
TaoismConfucianismoBuddhism.fwetakea
teeasanexampIeitisIikeateewithdifeent
banches.BanchesmabedieentbuttheaeaII
gownfomthesametee.Thustheeshoudbeno

confIidandcontadidionsamongeligions.Ifwe
aeinconfIictitisbecausewehavenotdelved

deepIenoughintooustudies.
6

TheEdictoEmpeoYongZheng

OncewehavedeIveddeepIenoughintoou
studieswewiIIcometoeaIizethattheaethe
same.TheituthsdeivefomthesameoiginaI
souce.ThisoiginaIsouceisthetuth.Theeis
onIonetuth.Sometimesweefetothistuthas
Cod.TheeisonIoneCodinthisunivese.ln
BuddhismweefetoDhamahIatue.Thesouce

theoigintheDhamaNatuethemeanthe
same.AIconfictsandmisundestandingsae
causedbnothavingdeveddeepIenoughinto
theteachingsThatiswhEmpeoongZheng
saidtheTheeTeachingsunpaaIIeItoeach
othebecausetheaevesimiIa.
ItisindeedunfOtunatethatduetotheIacko

thooughundestandingoftheTheeTeachings
peopIecannotbeenIightenedThecannotcom
pehendthetuthoftheioigin.nBuddhismwe
efetoitasthestateofbeingfuIIenIightenedThe
ConfucianteachingssathatpeopIesoigina
7

ChinI(ung

seInatuewaspuegoodness.Thetwoconcepts
meanthesame.ThenwhdoweneedThee
TeachingsZWhdowehavesomaneIigionsin
thiSwoId?ltisbecausepeopIeaedifeentthus
themustbetaughtaccodingI.SomepeopIe
choosetoadoptTaoismSomepeopIefoIIow
Buddha.SomefoIIowesusChist.AIIgoodteacheswhetheintheEastoWestknowthateach
studentisdiffeentandunique.othestudentsto
bebenefitedthemustbetaughtbmethodsthat
aemostsuitabIefothem.

Eventhoughthemethodofteachingandthe
cousestudmadiffealIthesacedteachings
shouIdIeadustothesametuth.InBuddhismwe

wiIIeachenIightenment.Confucianismhelpsusto
achievepuegoodnessofconduct.Thispue
goodnessisnotthesamegoodnessastheone
OundinthebinaeIationshipofgoodandeviI;
atheitistheoiginaIgoodnessofones
seInatue.Theefoethestateofpuegoodnessis
8

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

theenIightenedseInatue.SincethegoaIofallthe
teachingsofthesaintsandsagesistoeachthat
oiginaIpuegoodnessitisveimpotantthatwe
havethooughundestandingofaIIthesaced
teachingsowewiIIfindouseIvesinconfIidwith
othes.ThisappIiestoaIIwoIdIconceptsasweII.
ltisonwhenoumindsaedeIudedthatwestat
todiffeentiateattachtoouownbeIiefsandthus
ceateouownconfIicts

SinceaIIpeopIehaveamindoftheiown
theimindswandediffeentiateandattachtodi
feentthings.ThusthewiIIhavediffeencesof
opinion.AsaesuIMheTaoistSsathatTaoismis
numbeone.Theothetwoteachingsaenotas
esteemed.TheBuddhistpactitionesdecIaethat
Buddhaisthegeatestbecausehismindencom
passesthewhoeunivesetheeOeBuddhismis
geatethantheothetwo.TheConfuciansexcIude
bothBuddhismandTaoismasnotbeingaccuate.
AIITheeTeachingsstivefOtheifamepopuIait
g

ChinKung

andOselgain.ConsequentIthefindthem
seIvesinatightcontestwitheachothe.
TheefOewemustthooughIundestandthe
teachingsbeOethecanheIpusesoIveou
pobems.OnIthoughundestandingwillwefind
theoiginofalIknowIedge.TheewewilInotfind
oppositionoconfid.Theuniveseisinhamon.
InBuddhismwespeakofwhensuddenIwesee
ouselnatueinacIeaIight.SohowthooughI
doweneedtoundestandtheteachingsbeOewe
cansuddenIseeousenatueinacleaIightZIt
iswhenwenoIongediffeentiatebetweenoat
tachtothings-whenweseeaIIthingsbeingequaI.
WenoIongehavedifeencesofopinionosee
thingSdiffeentI.

BefOeweeachthisstageofthooughunde

standingoumindswokdiffeentIwethinkdi
eentlandweactdiffeentI.Thisishowou
Iamasaeceated.ThispocesscausesoutanS
10

TheEdicoEmpeoongZheng

migationinthesixeams.ThenitbecomesobvioushowtheTheeTeachingsaeinconfIictwith
eachothe.Thisiswhathasbeenhappeningsince
ancienttimes.

WhenEmpeoYongZhengspokeabouthow
hesuddenIseeshisseInatueinacleaIight
hewasnotustefeingtothethooughundestandingofouownseIededteachingsbuttothe
thooughundestandingofaIthewoIdseigions
andteachings.Itiswithsinceitandeveencethat
weIeanfomaIIthesacedteachings.Evenone
canbeouteache.WeshouIdemulatethegood
nessinothesandefIectouseIvesontheieviIs.

ThusaIIpeopIenomatteiftheaegoodoevi
aeouteaches.Itisnotimpotantwhetheou
cicumstancesaefavouabIeoadvesetheae
thechancesgiventoustoshapenouIeaningand
pactisingskiIIs.ThisishowpeopIeshouldIean
andpadisesoeventuaIIthewiIIasobeabIeto
suddenIseetheiseInatueinacIeaIight.
11

ChInKung

Thi5IsthevaIueofthooughIundestanding
aIItheteachings.SeIfishmotivesaeaIwastaboo
toouIeaningpocessAIIevisandoppositions
comefomheatsthathabouonIseIinteests.f
thisisthestandaduponwhichpeopeba5ethei
action5thewiIawa5disputethosewhostandin
theiwa.WhataepeopIesseIfinteests!Theae

nothingmoethanfamepopuIaitandpeceived
benefitssuchassatisfingtheivedesiesweaIth
sexfamefooddinkandsIeepandthesixgunas
odustssensuaIquaIitiesiesightsoundsmeI
tastetouchandidea

NoteaIizingthatfamepopuIaitandweaIth
aeInconstantpeopIedonotadheetomoaI
pincipIeslfwedonotundestandtheawof
CauseandEectwhatgoesaoundcomesaound
outofouignoancewewiIIceatemanevils
EmpeoongZhengecognizedtatthi5was
happenIngandfeItegetfuI.Afteweeadhisedict
12

TheEdicoEmpe0ongZheng

wefeeIthesamewa.Weneedtocoectouwa5

othinking.ThepuposeofouexistenceITeein
thiswoIdistoeIevateouspiItuaeaIm.Inothe
wodsweshouIdbeakthoughoudeIusionsand
beenIightened.OnIthenwiIIwebeabIetoIeave
oumiseandtoattainhappiness.ItisanatuaI
pocessonewecanaIIattainintime.

Thoughpactisingthedi5couseofthe
heeeahing5Icometoeaizetheae
equa!goodeventhoughothesufacethe
appeatobediffeentthentueoftheipinci
pesi5thesamerheaIhavethesamepuposei
mindTheateachandencouagepeopIetObe
good.heBuddIn5teachigsoftheivePe
ceptsandtheenVituousCondutseadpeG
petogoodnessheCoucianteachingsofhe
iveMoaIConductsandOneHundedWaVS

asoihducegiveineiveandpesuadepeope
tobegoodIstheeahV5acedteachingthatdoe5
hotIeadpeopIetodothesame?
13

ChinI(ung

HeeEmpeoYongZhengmadehisevaIua
tionoftheTheeTeachings.HeconcIudedthatthe
TheeTeachingsaeaboutequait.EquaIitisthe
JWathepincipIeofnatue.Natueinmotionis
unbiased.InBuddhismaIIthingsdeivefomthe
mind.InMahaanaBuddhismBuddhacomes
fomtheheaTothemindthatisunbiased.Thus

thisunbiasedmindisthetuemindtheBodhi
Mindtheenightenedmind.Bodhisattvasaebom
outofmindsofthesixpaamitassixeementsthat
caonebeondtheseaofmotaIittoninana
suchasbechaitabIeabidebthepeceptsbe
toIeantbediIigentmastedeepconcentation
andattainwisdomPatekabuddhasaebon
fomthemindthathasattainedindividuaIenIight
enmentincontasttotheaItuismoftheBodhi

sattvapincipleSound-heaesandAhatsaebon
fomthemindthathasattainedtheouNoble

TuthsthefundamentaIdodinesofBuddhismthat

wiIeadtotheendofonestansmigationthough
14

TheEdictoEmpeoYongZheng

theecognitionofonessuffeing!itscauseits

endingandtheWa.TheIowesixeaImsincIudetheheaveneaImofjTenVituousConducts!

thehumaneaImoftheivePeceptstheanimaI

eaImofignoancethehungghostealmofgeed
andtheheIleaImofange.Thekamiceasonsthat
causethesetenDhamaReaImsaevepofound.

EmpeoongZhengthencontinuedwithhow

heviewedthesediffeenceswithanunbiasedmind

eventhoughonthesufacethetheThee
Teachingspeatobediffeentthenatueof
theipincipIesisthesameWhendiffeences
seemtoexistweshouIdttofindtheisimiIaities.
WeshouIdfistenhanceandgIoifthesesimilai
tiesandthenIeavethedieencesintempoa

suspensionothetimebeingweneednoteven
discussthem.Thisistheightattitudeweusein
studingandcultivatingouseIvesTheeasonwe
seediffeencesispobabduetoouIackofun-

destandingAfteaIIthediffeencesbetweenthe
15

ChInKung

vaiouseIigiousteachIngsaemeeIintheifo
maIitiesuIesandeguIations.Oncewehave
indepthundestandingofthe5eteachingswewiII
nolongeseecontadictionsoconfidsThepin
cipIebehindthistheoandpacticeisindeedve
pofound
WhenwetakeacIoseIookatthewoIdse

IigionsweobsevethattheihistocuItuethei
foIIowesIifestIesandhabitsaeaIIdiffeent.This
gvesusmoeeasontoespectthedieencesn
othes.WeaeaIIhuman.WeaIIhaveouown

pefeences.WeshouIdnotciticiseoneasbeing

ineiototheothes.WeaIsoneedtoespecteach
otheshabits.ThisIshowweIivetogetheinha

monThusweneedtoespectoudieentoute
appeaancesinfomaIitiesuIesandeguIations.
WemusthelptopeseveaItheSediffeenCesand
wemustnotchangepeopeswasofdoingthings.
Thisistheitadition

16

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

ThuscuItueisdivesified.lustIookatouown

bodiestheaemuIticuItuaIasweII.Theees
cansee.Theeascanhea.Thefunctionoftheees

cannotbesubstitutedbthatoftheeasotheothe
waaound.OupIanetEathneedsaIitsliving

beingsbeinghee.hloneshouIdbedestoed.The

diffeentnationaIitieseigionsandcuItuesae

ikediffeentogansofoubodies.TheaeequaII
impotant.WeneedthemaII.
SimiIaIwithegadtoheaIthconsideations
eachofouogansisnumbeone.Oueesae
numbeoneasaeoueas!ounoseoutongue
etc.TheaeaIInumbeone.othesameeason
aIIIivingbeingsonthispIanetaenumbeone.lf
oupIanetsubscibestohavingnumbetwothee
etcitwiIIbecomeiII.ThusaIIcountiesegadIess
ofbigosmallichopooesteemedoIowlae
aIIequaI.AIInationaIitieseIigionsandcuItues
aenumbeone.TheeasontheeaesimiIaities

anddieencesisthatpeopIeaestiIIindiffeent
17

Chin|(ung

phasesofdeveIopment.Onceweattainpeed
undestandin3theeisnomoesimiIaiodi
feence.Oumindsbecomeonepueunbiased
anden|ightened.
SimiIaitiesanddiffeencesaebina.OnI
whenoumindshavenomoeconfIidsaewein

touchwithoutuesenatue.Thenwebecome

fuIlawakened.Oucondudtunsintopue
goodness.ThispointofviewisbasedonthepincipIeoftheiteachings.NowIetustakeaIookat
theipadices.

EmpeoongZhengcontinuedheaI
havethesamepuposeinmindJheaeachand
encouagepeopetobegoodomtheecoded
sciptuesofvaiouseIigionswecantacethe
pointofoiginofaItheteachingstoIove.In
Buddhism/wespeakof|oving-kindness.loving-kindnessisthefoundationofBuddhism.The
teachingmethodweusemadifedependingon
18

TheEdicoEmpeoYongZheng

whatismostsuItabIeothepactitione.InChistianitandtsbanchessuchasCathoIicismitis
saidthatCodIovesaIIpeopIe.ThiswodIove
hasthesameconnotatIonasthetemIov

ingkindnessusedIn8uddhism

Thi5kindofIoveisatIonaI.Iti5unbiased
pueandsincee.TheKoansasAIIahisindeed
meciuI.ThusIntheecodedsciptuesovaiouseIigionswecanfindtheicommonobiective
IindnessandundiscimiatingIoveaethecom
monobIectiveofaIIthewoldeIigions.TheaII
havethesamegoaItoheIppeopIeIeavethei
paInandsueingbehindandtostivefohappnessandtobepeectIgood
EmpeoongZIengthengaveusaewexampIes.oInstancehesaidthatBuddhism

teachespeopetopactsetheivePeceptsand
thejTenVituousConductswhichaethefunda
mentaIequIementsfobeingagoodpesonand
1g

ChinI(ung

thatwemustpactisethemaccodingI.Theive
PeceptstaughtbShakamuniBuddhaae
equivaIenttotheiveoaIConductstaughtb
Confucius.AIITheeTeachingsabidebthesame
conducts.ThepesuadepeopIeandgivepeopIe
incentivestostopdoingeviIandbegood.AIIthe
wodeIigionswithoutexceptiontVtodothe
same.IfnottheseeIigionscouIdnotbespead
thoughoutthewoId.AIIeIigionshavetotan
scendtheintenationalthenationaIandthecuItuaIbeoethecanbepopagatedthoughoutthe
woIdTheipuposeistopesuadepeopIetobe
good.OnIwithaconcetedeffOtandbeingof
onemindcanthehaveafOothoIdinthiswoIdto
continueenhanceandgIoiftheiuItimateaim.
InthenextpaagaphEmpeoongZheng
outlinedtheconvesationbetweenEmpeo
liu-SongWendi407453andamembeofhis

pesonaIstanamedShangZhihHewhoIatebe
cameEmpeoiuSongWendispimeministe.
20

TheEdicoEmpeoYongZheng

EmpeoliuSongWendioncemadea
commenttohispesonastaffmembeShangZhih
HethattheSixBooIsofChineseCIassicsaeto

educatethemasspopuIationHoweveifone
hopestoeIevateonesspiituaeaImonemust
usetheBuddhistsciptuesastheguideIfam
peopIecahadheetotheteachihgsofConfucian
ismandBuddhismandbecomehonest/

dowhtoeathandgoodnatuedthecountwiI
beatpeaceandIwihavenongmoetowo
about

EmpeoLiuSongWendiwasoneoftheempeosofthesecondhalfoftheliuSongDnast
caIIedtheSouthenSong.Hewasthethidsonof

Empeoliu-SongWudi.TheSixBooksofChinese
CIassicsmentionedheeae:theBookofPoety
theBookoHstoytheBookoChangestheBook
oitestheBookoMusicandtheSPngand
AutumnAnnas.ThesebooksweeusedtoheIp
21

ChinKung

educatepeopletobevituous.
Empeoliu-SongWendIsaidthatifwewant
topactseseIcuItivationweshouIdusehe

Buddhistteachingsasouguide.Mostpeoplewho
haveeIigiousithbeIievethehaveIivedowiII
livemoethanoncefweknowwehaveapastIi
andanextIifeitbecomescIeatousthatweneed

toeIevateouspiituaIeaImandthatwesIould
undestandthelawofCauseandEectOncewe

undestandtheawofCauseandEffectwenatu
aIIwiIInothamothes.
EmpeoliuSongWendithencontnued:if

peopIeinhiscountnweetoacceptConfucianand
BuddhistteachingshscountnwouIdbecome
pospeousandhIspeopIewouIdbeabetoIivein
peace

ShangZhihHeepiedthatiftenpopeina
vageofonehuhdedfamiiesabidebVtheive
22

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

PeceptswewiavetenpeopewhoaefiendI
MndhonestcautiousandespectfuIInaegion
ofonethousandfamiesifonehundedpeopIe

abidebtheTenCoodConductswewiIIhave
onehundedpeopeIiveinhamonIfweappl
thissamepincipetothewhoIenationwheewe
mahaveahundedmiionofhousehoIdswewiII

havemonsofvituouspeopeIMnginhamon

Ifwecanpactiseonegoodconduct?oneIessevi
wiI|becommittedOneIessevIconductmeans

theeIiminationofonepunishmentIfeachamiIV
educesthecimeatebonewecaneIiminate
thousandsandthousandsofpunishmentsYes/
indeedthecountwihenbeinpeaceandou
Highnesscansitonouthonewithoutan
wO

ShangZhihHeepIiedweII.HisepIisin
accodwiththesentimentsexpessedbEmpeo
iuSongWendi.AppaentIthetwothinkandsee
thingsaIikeanddothingsthesamewa.Shang
23

ChinKung

ZhihHeappovedofbothConfucianismand
Buddhism.HesaidthatiftenpeopIeoutoone

hundedamiiespactisedtheivePeceptsthose
tenpeoplemustbevenweIIespectedbothes.
ThusthewouIdbeabletoteachandexetgood
infuenceintheviIIage.oaegionofmoethan
tenthousandpeopIeifonehundedpeopIeabided
btheJTenVituousCondudsthosehunded

peopIewouIdknowhowtoteatothesasequaIs
andIiveinhamonwiththem.ThusthewouId
makeapositivepesenceintheicommunit
ShangZhihHethenpoposedthattheteach-

ingofvituesshouIdbeencouagedandpopa
gated.ThisiswhatwetodacalImulticuItuaI
education.AsaesuItcountesspeopIewouldbe
pactisingtheTenViTuousConductsandabiding
btheivePecepts.Withtheconsequente
ducedcimeatethecountwoudbepospeous
anditspeopleabIetoiveinpeaceandhamon.
24

TheEdictoEmpeo0ngZheng

EmpeoLiu-SongWendiconcludedthathe

wouIdthenbeabIetositonthethoneinpeace
anduntoubIed.ShangZhihHeconcued.ltfoIIowsthatfoustohavepeaceandhamoninthe
modenwoIditisveimpotantthatwepopa
gatemuticutuaeducationtheteachingofthe
saintsandsages.Commentingontheiconvesa
tionEmpeoongZhengdescibeditaswods
weIIsaidThishesaidisthewathecount
shouIdbegovened.Asongasthenumbeofgood
peopIeinthenationisinceasinghonestand
simpIicitwiIIbecomethenomintumbing
peacstabiIitandpospeittothecount.
ThisisalsothegoaofBuddhismtoead
categeedandmiseinessandtoinducevitues

andIindnessinpeopeIfwebeIieveinthewods
ofEmpeoliuSongWendiandShangZhihHe?
andaeabIetopactisegoodconductaccodingI
wecansetagoodexampIefoothestofoow
andteachandguidethepeopIeinestabIisbing
25

ChinKung

goodcustomsThusthecanassisttheEmpeoin
goveningthecountandinheIpingthepeopIe
HeeEmpeoongZhengcommentedon
EmpeoiuSongWendisdiscussionofBuddhist

teachings.BuddhismteachespeopIetoeIiminate
geedangeandignoanceandtodiIigentabide
bthepeceptstocultivatedeepconcentation
andtoattainwisdom.ThisiscaIIedtheThee

eaningswhichaefundamentaItoBuddhism.

TheTheeeaningsofPeceptsConcentationand
WisdomaethesubectsofShakamuniBuddhas
Ot-nineeasofteaching.Abidingbthepe
ceptsandpadisingmeditativeconcentationae
themethodsBuddhistsusetoachievethegoaIof
einstatingtheiwisdom.
ThusShakamuniBuddhawasinvoIvedin
whatwecaIItodatheteachingsofmuIticuItua
ism.HeabdicatedhisthoneOacaeeineduca

tion.HegaveupwhataIIwoIdIpeopIewant
26

TheEdictoEmDeoYongZheng

monepoweandame.AsEmpeoongZheng
statedthepuposeofBuddhismistoeadicate
geedandmiseIinesswhichaetheootcausesof
aIIaffIidions.ThepuposeofBuddhasteachingsis
toinducevituesandkindnessinpeope.

Ifwebeieveinthesentimentsexpessedin
thediaIoguebetweenEmpeoliuSongWendiand
ShangZhihHeandweeanandpactiseaccod
ingIwewiIIecognizethatvituouspeopIecanbe
ouoIemodeIs.Thecanteachandguideusto
wadsgoodnessandmakeapositiveimpactinou
communit.AsaesuItthecanassisttheIeades
ingoveningthecountandheIptoestabIish

peacewithinthenation.ThecanheIppeopIeto

beakthoughfomtheideIusionsandbeenIight
enedhelpthemIeavetheipainandsuffeingand
eachfohappiness.

IfwewantonIdefametheTheeTeachings

andcompaethemtotheabsudandheetic
27

ChinI(ung

teachingsofangZiandMoZiwehavemisun
destoodandaebeingunfaitotheThee

TeachingsBefoeIbecametheEmpeoIpaid
cIoseattentiontoBuddhismespeciatheXing
Buddhism/ofwhichIhavegainedanin-depth
undestandingAfteIbecametheEmpeoIhave
devotedmuchofmtimetotheRoalImpeial
CoutAIsoIdidnotwantpeopIetothinkthatI
waspatialtoBuddhismThusIdidnotdiscuss
thiswthanVone.IwantedtowatuntiIthecoun

twa5ontackbefoeboachingtheissueI
wantedtodawattentiontothedoctineohe

TheeTeachingsthatiti5wongtopaiseoneseIf
andsIandeothesNowIhavebeenmpeofo
tenea5InmspaetimeIwasabIetocompiIe
astofmviewpointsandnotethethoughtsof
theancientschoIasfothosewhoaecuentl
foowingtheheeTeachings

PeopIewhowantonldeametheThee

TeachingsaeusuaIthosewhohavenotetfuII
28

TheEdic0EmpeoongZheng

undestoodtheimeanings.TheIudgewiththei
wandeingmindsdiffeentiationsandattachments
totheiownviewpoints.ThustheciticiseBuddhismandTaoism.EmpeoongZhengusedYang
ZiandMoZischoIasotheSpingandAutumn
peiodofChinawhoheIdextemeandheetic
viewpointsasexampIes.TheviewpointsofangZi
andMoZiweeaIsoconsideedbtaditional
schoIastobeextemewhiIetheTheeTeachings
choosetheiddIeWa.Thuswhenwecompae
theTheeTeachingstotheteachingsofangZiand
MoZiweaenotbeingfaitotheTheeTeachings.

WhenEmpeoongZhengwasstiIIapince
heaIeadstudiedteachingsofBuddhiSm.Itap
peaIedtohim.Duetohispositionasthepincehe
Ieanedfomthebestofteaches.Hestudiedwitha

humbleattitudeandgainedavethooughundestandingofaIItheTheeTeachingsandespeciaII
ofXingBuddhismwhichcompisesZenBuddhism
andaXingBuddhism.
2g

ChinKung

Aftehebecameempeohewasvebus
withtheaffaisofthecout.Hedidnothavespae
timetotaIkaboutBuddhism.ItisnotthathebecamedistancedfomBuddhismaehebecame

empeobutathethathedidnotwishtoappea
biasedtowadsanoftheTheeTeachings.Being
theuIehemustbevefaiindeaIingwithdi
feentaciaIissuesandissuesaisedbthediffeent
teachings.TheefOeevenifhethoughtonewas
bettethantheotheshewouIdnotIetothepeopIeknowfOeaofceatingfidionamongthe

diffeentinteestgoups.

EmpeoongZhengeIededtowaituntiIhis
govenmentwasontackbefOeheannouncedhis

poposaItocombinetheTheeTeachingsintoone.
ThisiswhatwetodacaIImuIticuItuaIeducation.
HewantedtheTheeTeachingstoointheifOces

ThiswathecouIdtuIbenefitthecountthe
societandtheweIaeofthepeopIe.Hewanted
30

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

thepoponentsoftheTheeTeachingstobeawae
thatitwaswongtopaisethemsevesanddeni
gateothes.HestatedbpointingoutfauItsin

theifoIIowes.Hestessedthatsincethepupose

andoblectivesotheTheeTeachingsweethe
sametheonIdiffeencewasthatthehaddife
entfolIowes.Thusthehavenoeasonnotto

coopeatewitheachothe.
NowIetuslookatoucuentsociet.Due

totheadvancesinscientifictechnoog

weIIdeveIopedmediainfomationsstemsand
eastanspotationouwhoIepIanetEathhas
becomeonenation.DiffeenteIigionsandcuItues
aenowmingIedtogethebecomingoneIage
EathfamiI.AccodingtoBuddhismnotonl
humansonthispIanetaeequaIaItheIivingbe
ingsonthepanetaeequaI.WeshouIdeiminate
theconfIictsfomouinneseIves.Weneedtouse

tuewisdomtoesoIveaIIconfIictsandcontadic
tionssothatfistoubodiesandmindsaeinha
31

ChinKung

monbeOewecanhopetohavepeaceinou
countthenthewhoIewoId.

IfothepeopIettodefamemeitisbecause

thedonotknowme.Thusthehavemisunder
stoodme.ItmustbebecauseIdidnotpesentm
seIfaccuate.amtheonewhogivespeopIethe
wongimpession.Theaenotwong.ThefauItis
mineWemustawasefIectuponouseIvesbe
Oewecanmakeanimpadonothes

WhenweheaothepeopesIandeingus
insuItingusifwebecomeangandtakeevenge
weaewong.RepisalsonIbeedepisaIs.We
onIceatemoepoblemsfoouseIves.Ifwewant
tosoIveoupobIemswemuststaTfomwithin.
WhenwehaveesoIvedaIIouinneconfIictswe

haveaIsoesovedaIIoupobIemsemanatingfom
theoutsidewoId.

WhenEmpeoongZhengmadehispo
32

TheEdlctoEmpeoYongZheng

nouncementshehadaleadbeenempeofoten
eas.otho5eteneashehadpaidvecIose
attentIontotITepobIems.Hehadwaitedfohis
govenmenttogetontack.NowItseemedtobe
theighttimefohimtomakehisannouncement
HeaddessedtheissuesofhavingtheThee
TeachingscombinedasoneHeassembIedhisown
vIewpoIntsasweIIasthethoughtsoftheancient
schoIasandcompIIedthemntoaIi5twhichisas
foIIOwS:

.heanCiepeope5aidZhouCongand
Cocsusedthe5ixBooIsofChineseassics

toeduCatethepeOpeTheheaOfthepupO5eOf
thiseducationwasoVaItahdfiiapiet.The
topicsofthetwovoume5bVlaotzaethewa
andthetueshebasisofthetheedMsionsof

theBuddhistCanoisovmglmdnessThei

achicvementsmabediffeettheipcipes
aethesamG.Aofthemaenobeteachingsad
desewetobeadmied
33

Chin|(ung

InthefistitemEmpeoongZhengtalked
aboutConfucianism.TheteachingsofZhou.Cong
andConfuciususedtheSixBooksofChineseCIas-

sicstoeducatepeopleonIoaItandfiIiaIpiet.
BuddhismisaIsobuitonthefOundationsofIoaIt
andfiIiaIpietThetwoteachingshavethesame
fOundation!andneitheiscontatotheteachings
ofTaoism.

ThetwovolumesofLaotzuaecaIIedTaoTe

Ching.ThetwovoumesaenotIength.Togethe
theonIcontainfivethousandwods.Theteach
thewaandjvitues.IweuseIoaItandfiIiaI
pietasouexampIefiIiaIpietisthejwaand
IoaItisthevitue.Eventhoughdiffeenttemi
noIogiesaeusedtheimeaningsaethesame.
Thehavethesamecontentandeffed.Thei
teachingsaedeivedfomthesameoiginaIsouce.
ThiswaswhatEmpeoongZhengconcIuded
thatwhiIethepuposesoftheTheeTeachings
34

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

mightseemdifeentbuttheweeinfactthesame.
ThusweshoudeanfomaIItheTheeTeachings.
TheaIIdeseneouadmiation.
2TheaIsosaidthatConfucianismhades

tabsheditseIfastheightteachingTaoismhad
estabIishediseIfasthemostesteemedBuddhism

hadestabIisheditseIfasthegeatestHowevethe
messageofaheeistopeseveIivesandabstain
fomkngThewoomthesamepincipIeof
IovingMndnessheaIadvocateteatingothe9
a5onewoudteatonesefAgainthealIadvo
cateimpatialitTheaIIwantpeopIetostop
beingangtoeiminateimpopedesiestoe
stictthemsevesfomdoingwongthingsand
impopebehaviousTheapomotethecuIti
vationofvituousconduct

IfwepacloseattentiontotheiquaIitiesis
theeaquaIitofesteemandgeatnessinbeing
ight?lstheeaquaIitofightandgeatnessin
35

ChinI<ung

esteem?stheeaquaitoightandesteemin
beinggeat?0nequaIitencompassesaIIthee
ThusweshouIdpaequaIespecttoaIIThee
Teaching5.IfstudentsmustsaIutetheiteachesI
woudsaIuteConfuciusthesamewaIsaIute
ShakamuniBuddhatmakesnodifeencetome.
WhenamfacinglesusChistonthecossitisthe
sameasifIamIookingatShakvamuniBuddha.The
eveenceIfeelwhenIopenaBuddhistsutaisthe
sameaswhenIopenthe8ibIeThisisITow|am

abIetoeanfomaIIthevaousteachingsWhenI
aminconfIictwithothesitisagainsttheIawof
natueIamwong

OncewethooughIundestandthesefacts
theeaenomoecontadictions.AIItheThee

TeachingsadvocatepesevingIivesandabstaining
fomkilIinghisisIoving-kindnessfwedonot
wantothestoteatusbadIwemustnotteat
thembadvNomattehowothepeopleteatu5
weshouIdteatthemthewavwewouIdIiketobe
36

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

teatedwithIoving-kindness
WeshouIdnotbeseIfishWeshoulduseaII

oueffotstoeIevateoustateofmindtoheIppeo
pIeinsocietWeshouIdalsostopfeeIingang.n
advesitouheatsaenotangInsatisfacto
cicumstanceswehabounogeed.WecuItivate
ouseIvessowecaneduceouwongdoings.We
mustnotdothingscontatowhatisconsideed
immoaI.AIItheTheeTeachingsabidebthese
samepincipes.

3TheasoSaidthattheteachingsofBud
dhismcahcueoumindstheteachingsoaoism
cancueoubodiesandtheteachingsofConfu
cianismcancuethewod

AsIongasweIiveinthiswoIdwehavetobe
concenedwithoubodiesmindsandhowwe
copewiththeoutsidewoldTheconditionofou

bodiesandmindshastodowiththewawepac
37

ChinKung

tiseouseIcutivation.EmpeoYongZhengsaid
thewatogoodheaIthwasthoughpactisingthe
Buddha/steachings.WhatisaBuddha?Buddha
meanswisdomandenIightenment.Thisisthewa
weshouldteatouseIvesandotheswithan

enIightenedminduIIofwisdom.Howdowedoit!
WestatbvteatngeveonewithsinceitItis
whenoumndsaesincepue

nondisciminative!ightthinkingawakenedand
compassIonate

Taoismputsgeatemphasisonkeepingou
bodiesfitandingoodheaIthsowewiIIhaveIong
Iives.HowcanweattainpuemindsbeheaIth
andhaveaIongIfe?istofaIweneedtokeep
oudesiestoaminimumThenweaeabIeto

attaInpuItomindWhenoumindsaepue
oubodiesbecomepue.Whenoubodiesae
puesoisouenvIonment.Onceweundestand

thepinciplesbehindthepacticewewiIIhaveno
pobIemsInkeepingouseIvesfitHowevefous
38

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

toeceiveapefedesuItwemustaIsohaveakind
heaTandactaccodingl.

ConfucianismuseseducationonmoaIpinci
pIesandethicaIaspectsofhumaneIationshipsas
itswaofteachingpeopIeIfaIIpeopIecanabide
btheteachingsofConfucianismthewoIdwiIIbe
atpeace.TheewiIIbenomoefightingnomoe
confIicts.ConfucianismtaIksaboutethics.Ethicsis

theketohumaneIationshipseIationshipsbe
tweenhusbandandwiepaentandchiIdamong
sibIingsbetweentheuleandthosebeinguIed
empIoeandempIoeeandfiends.AnethicaI
eIationshipisthenatuaIelationshipbetween
peope.ThusitistheWa.Whenoumindsand
actionsespondtotheWawehaveattained
vitues.

ConfucianismtalksaboutWu-Changthe
iveMoaIConducts!mentionedeaIie.Whenthe

iveMoaICondudsinteactwiththeWaJvir
3g

ChinKung

tueisachieved.lfwecanpactisetheWaat

homewewiIIhaveahapphome.Ifwecan
padisethejWabetweenhusbandandwifewe
wiIIhaveavehappcoupe.Ifwepactisethe
jWaonouseIveswewiIIbeheathandenoa
veIongIie.IfwepactisetheWaonacount
thecountwiIIbecomepospeousandbeat
peace.ThustheConfucianteachingsaethosethat
educatepeopIeonmoaIpincipIesandethicaI
humaneIationships.

4heaIsosaidthatthetemnatueused
bBuddhahasthesamemeaningaswhendefined
baheothebooksandaheecodedteach
ingsofthesaintsandsage5BoadIVspealihg
Buddhanatueencompassesathevitue5!f
peopIePsheatsaesinceeiftheaIvepueand
discipinedivesiftheagivepecedenceto
coutestoothepeopIenotonthebutthei
elative5wiIIbebenefitedheVcanheIptheem
peostabiIiSetheCount
40

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

InBuddhismthetemsseInatueoiginaI

natuetuenatuehavethesamemeaningasde
finedbaIItheecodedteachingsoftheancient
saintsandsages.Thehavethesamemeaningas
definedbConfuciusandLaotzu.Ifweexamine
otheeIigionswefindthehavethesamedefini
tion.TheonIdiffeenceishowboadlodeepI
thesubectnatueisdeaItwith.

IfaIIpeopIeknowtheshouIdteatpeopIe
thingsandhandIesituationswithsinceitifthe
canaIImaintainpueanddiscipIinedIivesand
givepecedencetoothesoutofpuepoIiteness
theipaentsandeIativescanaIsobenefit.The
esuItisthatthecanheIptheempeotostabiIise
societesoIveconfIictsandestabIishpeaceinthe
countI

5TheasoSaidthattheBuddhaWaand
theSoveeignWaaeoneandthesameThe
41

ChinKung

5oveeignWaisextemeboadItisthesame
astheiddleWaheBuddhaWai5alsothe
MiddIeWawhichisubiasedandisnoteviI
TheipuposesaeidenticaI
TheBuddhaWatheSoveeignWaothe
MiddIeWatheeisnodiffeence.Theeis
nothinggeatethantheMiddIeWa.Thepinci
paIsandmethodstheuleusestobinghappiness
andstabiIittohiscountandhispeopIeiscaIIed
theSoveeignWaaIsotheMiddIeWa.Both
ConfucianismandBuddhismexecisetheiddIe

Wa.TheMiddIeWaistheimpatiaIandunbi
asedwa.Theipuposesaethesame
6TheaIsosaidthatBuddhismwaSestab
IishedtoheIppeopIestopfombeingsupeficia
andbepacticaIItaIsoheIpspeopetoefain
fomtheideviantwasandbegoodThema
havetotvehadatthebeginningbutonce
theaccustomthemseIvestovMuou5conduct
42

TheEdIcIoEmpeoongZheng

thewactaccodingIfthesopactisethe

wiistbebenefitedThenthewibeableto

helpothestodothesameThuspeopIeneedeI
onnothingmoethaniustBuddhism.

EmpeoongZhengheeencouagedusto
IiveaIifethatissimpIeanddown-toeath.Hesaid
peopIeshouIdefainfomdoingthingsthataeeviI
andtheshouddothingsthataegood.Itmightbe
hadatthebeginningbecausewehavetofOce
ouseIvestogiveupoudesies.ItisIikeafight
againstouownaIictions.Oncewehavecon
queedouownaIictionsandbadhabitswehave
wonthewa.WewiIIgainpeaceofmind.PeopIe
canthusheIpthemseIvestoheIpothes.TheEmpeothenpaisedBuddhism.HesaidpeopIe
shouIdeanfomBuddhismandeonBuddhas
teachings.

7TheaIsosaidthatBuddhismisnotofthis
woIdbecauseitsteachingsdonotapptopeope
43

ChinKung

IMnginthesecuIawodThatcommentwas
madewithoutefeencetoBuddhasSixPaamitas

oexamplefomthestageofmasteingdeep
concehtationtoeachtheotheshoeattaining

wisdomisthisnottheeaningofthiswoIdbe
foemovingontothenext?
HeeEmpeoongZhengwasattemptingto
efutetheagumentsofthosewhoIookatBud
dhismonIfomasupeficiaIangIe.PeopIeoften
commentthatthestudofBuddhismisonIfO
monksandnunsitisnotsuitedtoodinapeopIe
wholeadaconventionaIieEmpeoYongZheng
saiditweIIwhenheemakedthatthosepeopIe
hadnotthoughtabouttheSixPaamitas.Hegavea

vegoodexampIefomthestageofmasteing
deepconcentationtothestageofeachingthe
otheshoemeaningtheattainmentofwisdom.
TheSixPaamitasisapogessivestageofcuItiva
tionstatingwithgivin3thenabidingbthepe
ceptsthenbeingtoIeantofothes.ThisisfOIIowed
4

TheEdict0Empe0YongZheng

bbeingvediIigentnpactisingmasteingdeep

concentationandfinaIIattaIningthewisdom
SIncetheesanodeandaIeveIostudingInthe
SixPaamlta5Buddhismisateachingthatcanbe
pactisedbaIIpeopIe.
8TheVasosaidthattheeaenotwowaV5
ahdthe9aisdonothavetwomind5ThcjWa

useofatuehasbeenihexistencebefoethe
wodisfomedhesaintsfistcuethemseIve5

withthetuththehavegaihedf0mpactising
theWaVThenthecaappIthe5ametuthto
heIpgoventhecountahdbingpeacetothe
nationIsthisotageaMeed!

TheeIsononeWaItisthepincipIethat
peopIeshouIdteateachotheasequaIsandIivein
hamonRegadIessofnatIonaIitoeIigionthis
pincipIeappIiestoaII.Whatisthemindofasaint?
ThemindofasaIntisaboutIovingaIIbeings.Both
theOldandtheNewTe5tamentssathatCod
45

ChinKung

IovesaIIpeope.InBuddhiSmthefundamenta
pincipIeisthatofIovingkindnesstowadsaIIbe
ingsevenincIudingtheanimaIs/hungn/ghostsand

heIIbeings.BuddhismteachespeopIetobetuI
sinceepueandhavecompassionfOaIIthesen
tientbeings.ItteachespeopIetobeaiinthei
deaIingswithaIIothespeopIewhoaedeatous
aSweIIasthosewehate.ThisiswhatwecalItue

loving-kindness.
Wemustpabackthedebtofgatitudeto
thosewhohavebeenkindtousinthepast.We
mustaIsoesoIveouconfIictswithothes.Bud

dhismteachesusaboutchangetochangeoue
Iationshipsfombeinghostiletobeingfiends.This
tulisthewatosovingaIIoupobems.We
shouIdnevestandagainstanone.WeshouIde
soIveaIlouhatedsandepacethemwithIoving-kindness.ThusaIIBuddhasandBodhisattvas

onIhaveonemind.ThatisthemindofIove

whichistuesinceeequaIpueandationaI.
46

TheEdictoEmpeoongZheng

ThisiswhweaIsocaIIittheaIIembacingIove.
InBuddhismthejWaisaIsoeeedtoas
theoiginaInatueothedhamanatue.The
fomationoftheuniveseisdeivedomseInatue

andaIIphenomenacomefOthfomthechanging

oftheminds.WheedothesixeaImscomefom?

Theaebonoutofouminds.Ioumindsae
kindoucicumstanceswiIIbekind.Whenou
mindsbecomecueandheatIesssowiIIoucir

cumstancesThuswhenoumindsaekindthe
eveaItousthewoIdofheaven.Whenouminds

tuncueIandheatIessthewoldofheIIcomes
Oth.ButtheeiseaIInoheavenohelI.AsIong
aswehabouthoughtsofgoodandeviIofdife
entiationofattachmentsdifeentwoIdswiIIpe
sentthemseIvesaccodingI.
ThusnatuehasbeeninexistencebefOethe
woIdwasfomed.Itexistsintimethathasnobe

ginning.Natueexistsfoeve.twasnevebon
47

ChinKung

nowiIlitpeish.ItisnotcomingnowiIIitevego
awa.Ifwewanttoelevatethestateofouminds
wemustabidebtheteachingsoftheBuddhasand
Bodhisattvas.Wemustecoveoupuitofmind
ousenseofequaIitandouawakening.Wecue
ouviceswiththetuthsthoughseIcuItivation.
Wemustcoedoumanmistakessowecan

eevateoustateofmindtowheeouoiginaI
seInatueofwisdomvituesandbeautwiIIbe
ecoveed.Onceweaecuedofouviceswe
shoulddowhatevewecantostabiIisesocietso
ouwoIdwiIIbeatpeace.

ThusthosesaintsmabeboninChinain
heWestoel5ewheeEventhoughtheae
bonindiffeentpIacesifthehavetuattained
theWatheimindsshou!dbethesameSinCe
theeightitemsIistedaboveaebasedonthe
teachingsofthesaintstheeshoudbenodiffe
enceofopinion.
48

TheEdicoEmpeoongZheng

ZhouCongConfuciusEmpeoaoEmpeo
ShunEmpeoYuandEmpeoTangaealIsaints
boninChina.TheWestefeedtoheeisIndia
whichiswestofChinaThusthesaintintheWest

towhomEmpeoongZhengefeedwas
ShakamuniBuddha.EvenwheeinthewoId
eveegionofevenationhaspoducedsaints
ThisconfimstheeducationomuIticultuaism.

SaintsandsagesappeainthiswodegadIessof
thecountoftheioigin.ThemaIookdiffeent
butthetuththehaveattainedisthesame.The
mausediffeentmethodsbuttheipinciplesae
exactIthesame.Theipuposesaethesameso
aetheiobIectives.

EventhougheachoheTheeTeachings
5peciaIisesinitsownespectiveaeaofcuing
eithethemindthebodothewoIdappaentIV
theaIsohavetheishotcomingshu5theV
compIementeachoheandbecomeequaim
potantWecannotdowithoutanoneofthem
49

ChinKung

ThisisweIstatedbEmpeoongZheng.

Whenwecomeintocontactwithdieentnation-

aIitiescountiesandcuItuesweneedtoIeanaI
theiteachings.IamastudentoBuddhaasoa
studentofConfuciusandLao-tzu.ThisistheonI
waIcangainpefectwisdom.lfwedonotIean
wewiIneveundestand.PeviousIIspokeabout
whenaIlofasuddenwetuIundestand.How
wiIIwegainthisstateofmindifwedonotean!
WeneedtoundestandtheconceptofaIeIigions
beingpatsofthesamewhoIe.
IbeIieveEmpeoongZhengwascoectin
statingthathecoudnotdowithoutanoftheeIigions.HehadIeanedweI.ThuslbeIieveEm
peoongZhengisthefoundeotodasmuIti
cuItuaIism.HeemphasisedthattheTheeTeachingsaeeabanchesofthesamefamil.
EmpeoongZhengthencontinued:Even
50

TheEdictoEmpeoY0ngZheng

thosewhocaimtobestudingBuddhismand
aoismaesometimesbiasedandnotexactI
coect;andnoteveoneofthosewhostud
onfucianismisatuepactitioneoinstance
someBuddhistpactitionesdeceivethepubIicb

theieccenticintepetationsofthewodmp
tinessSomeTaoistpactitionesfooIpeopIewith
theiheeticslisTheaeaIlguiItofvioIating
theiespectiveteachingsManwhohaveead
sxtensiveIoftheBooRofPOetaIkaboutov
ingkindnessandpesonaIoatandetbehave

othewise.heaeiustasguiItofcheatingthe
public

TheeisnobiasintheteachingsofConfu
cianismBuddhismandTaoism.Itisthepactitio
neswhoaebiasedIfweeaIIwanttoIean
whatwegainisthetuth.HoweveifweeanO
seIfisheasonssuchasfOthegainingofweaIthand
mewebecomebiasedIfouheatsaeatthe

ightpIaceaIIteachingsaecoect.Theeoethe
51

ChIn|<ung

watoIeanisthoughsecutivation.Whenou

mindsaeunbiasedsoaetheteachingsweae
tningtolean.

Theeaenotthatmantuepaditionesin
BuddhismTaoismoConfucianism.SomepeopIe
usetheTheeTeachingsfothepuposeofthei
ownpesonaIgainThisisnotthefauItoftheThee

TeachingsbutathetheauItofthepactitiones.
ThuswemustnotudgetheTheeTeachingsbased
onthewonguactionsofavenw.Butweneed
toknowwhoiseaIandwhoisaIse.MostofaII!if
weuseeigionotheTheeTeachingstosatisf
ouownselishgoaIsweaeguiItofvioIatingthe
pincipesofitsteachings
IfweignoeothepeopIesstongpointsbut
denouncetheishotcomingsifwepuposeI
inStead
disguiseoushotcomings
oveexaggeatingougoodpointsandifwewiI
fuIIttoblacIenothepeopIesgoodname5
52

TheEdictoEmpeoYongZheng

theseaesignsofoubeing9elfi9handteacheous
Thisisnotwhatapesonofnobechaacteand
integitoughttodoThesepeopIehave
oveestimatedtheistengthandabiities
IfwedonotfocusonothepeopIesstongand
goodpointsonontheiweaknessesweaenot
demonstatinggoodintentionstowadsthem.The
consequenceotheseactionswiIIhaveadamaging
impactonthesociaIcIimate.Ifhowevewetto
hideouwealpointsandove-emphasiseonou
stongpointsweaestiInotbeingdecent.Inad
ditionifwedefameanddisputeothesitonI
meansthatoutoeanceIeveIisvenIow.Peope
whoactinthiswaaenottuepactitionesbe
causetheaenotsinceeogenuineintheipactices.ThepofesstobeeIigiousfoIowesbutin
acttheaedestoingtheiowneligions.
EmpeoongZhengconfimedhisposition
onthis.HedecIaedthataIIthosewhoscheme!
53

ChinI(ung

paisethemseIvesandsIandeothesandthose
whopofitattheexpenseofothesaenotpeopIe
ofnobIechaacteandintegit.TheaenottuI
moaIoaccompIishedpaditiones.
TheIastoiginapaagaphisveIength.We
wiIbeakitintoseveaIsubpaagaphs.

DuingthepastfewVeasIwasaskedtoban
peopIefomodainingthemseIves?andtotun
BuddhistandTaoisttempIesintoacademiesof
cassicaIeaningsothewoudthenbeIongtothe
CouciansTheeweecountmagistateswho
thewthemonksandnunsoutoftheitempesfo
noeasonTheeweeevenpeoplewhoasledme
tomatchthemonIsandnunsinocoupIesfothe

puposeofpopagationsopopuationcouIdbe

inceasedThoseIdndsofpopositionsaeabsud
andcauseunesttothecountTheipoponents
havenotgivenathoughttothefachatitisthei

countsesponsibiIittoheIpthosewhoae
54

TheEdicoEmpeo0ngZheng

widowedandthosewhoaeaoneSinceitisthei

choicetobemonksandnunsitistheiinteno

cuItivatethemseIvesandtoaccumuategoodfo

unefothecountanditspeopIeAnobeem
peoouewouIdnotasthemtoesumea
secuaIifeandtogetmaiedfosuchatMaI
easonSincepeopewhomakethosepopositions
aeextemeIVignoantandstIveVoungIam
nogoingtopunishthemfotheiabsudities
AsfothoseIefthomepesonsBuddhist

monIsnunsandaoispiestswhohavevioIated
heawthewiIIbepunishedaccodingIButto
thoseasceticswhohaveadheedstictItothe
teachingswemustgiveoufullpotectionand
suppotThosewhopeachheeticaIteachings
mustbeseveepunishedoexampIetbee
codedwitingsofDaoMinandXingengae
peposteousTheteachingsofaCangandHong
RenaethesavageteachingsofthedeviIwi
havethempunishedWemustnotIettheitheo
55

ChinI(ung

iesbendwithandtanishtheightteaChings
OthewiseitwibecomeimpossibIefothepeo
pletotehediffeence

IhavethooughIexpoedtheoigina
souceoftheTheeeachingsandIImowtheV
needtobeteatedfaiIlwantthosepeope
BuddhistsandTaoistswhohaveonItheipe
sonalinteestsinmindthosewhoaeopinionated

andpatiaItotheiownbeiefsthuSIosingthei
senseoffainesstowakeupandbeawaeof
thesesobeingfactsIammaIdngthisannounce
menttoenightenthosewhoaeignoant.

ThisistheimpeiaedicoathecMImii
taJandcoutoiciaIstogivespeciaattentionto
thepotectionandsuppotoftheefthomepe
sonsThisistobegovenedbsefIessactionsand
goodintentions

HeeEmpeoongZhenggaveusafewex
56

TheEdict0Empe0YongZheng

ampesofpeopIewhoweenotadheingtothe
teachings.HeexpIainedthatothepeviousfew
eastheeweepeopIewhohadsuggestedthathe
shouldbanpeopIeomodainingthemseIves.
CiticsoftheBuddhistandTaoistteachingswanted

totuntheitempIesintoConucianacademiesof
cIassicaIleaning.TheeweeaIsoincidentsof
countmagistatesunustifiabIthowingmonks
andnunsoutoftheitempIes.Somepeopeeven
suggeStedthatthemonksandnunsshoudetunto
secuaIivesandgetmaiedfothepuposeof
popagation.

EmpeoongZhengelectedtheipoposaIs
omwhichwecaninfethathewastoo

openmindedwiseandvituoustoaIIowsuch
eventstohappenHeaccusedtheciticsofnot
ecognisingthecontibutionstheTheeTeachings
hadgiventosocietthenationandtohumankind.
HesaidtheipoposaIswoudnotustupsetexisting
policiesthewoudactuaIIcausenationalunest.
57

Chinl(ung

Hewentontosathatitwasthedutofthe
govenmenttotakecaeofthewidowedandthose

whoweeaIone.Sincehehadthooughunde
standingoftheTheeTeachingshelmewthatthe
intentionsofaItheIeft-homepesonsweetocuItivateandaccumuIategoodfOtunefOtheicoun
tandtheipeope.TheoutineIdidtheihome
wokinthemoningandatnighttimefOthesame

eason.ThepaedfotheweIfaeotheEmpeo
theciviImiIitanandcoutoiciaIsandthepeo
pIe.EmpeoongZhengwasawiseand
kind-heaTedEmpeo.Itwasagainsthisnatueto
fOcethemonIsandnunstogobacktoasecua
Iife.AneasonabeempeoouIewithakind
heaTwouIdhavedonethesame.

EmpeoongZhengciticisedthepeopIe
whohadmadethesepoposaIsasbeingexteme
ignoant.HediscadedtheipoposaIsanddidnot
punishthemfomakingthepoposaIs.Ontheothe
58

TheEdicoEmpeo0ngZheng

handhesaidhewou|dpunishthosewhohadviolatedtheawTothosewhoweeasceticdiligent

intheistudiesandabidingbtheawhesaidthe
countmustgivefullpotection.Hethennamed
foupactitioneswhohadviolatedtheiteachings
andhadcheatedpeopIe.Sincethosepactitiones
hadnotmeeIvioIatedthepeceptsthehad
vioIatedthestatutes.hlatuaIIthehadtobepun
ished.ThiswashowEmpeoongZhengpotectedtheTheeTeachings.Sincetheeweegood

andbadpactitioneshegavepotectiontothe
goodandfogavethosewhohadnotcommitted
anmaofault.ThosewhohadbokentheIaw
weepunishedaccodingI.

Hepoceededtoexpesshisopiniononhow
topotecttheIefthomepesons.Hesaidhehad
aIeadattainedthooughundestandingofthe
TheeTeachings.HavingIookedattheThee
Teachingswithunbiasedmind/hewasabIetouti|isethemtohephimgovenhiscountandpunish
59

ChinI<ung

thosewhohadvio|atedtheIaw.

EmpeoongZhengthenwishedhispeopIe
incIudingtheBuddhistandTaoistfOlIowesto
coopeateandbetoIeantofeachothetohave
mutuaIespedandtoIeamfomeachothe.He
toIdthemtheshouIdnotfoseIfisheasonson
paisingthemseIvesandattackingothes.The
shouIdbeimpatiaIandstaawafomheeticaI
pacticesHewantedtowakethemupIikedunk
adsbeingsobeed.
SincesomanunfotunateincidentshadaleadtakenpIaceEmpeoYongZhengmadethe
foIowingdecIaation.TothosepeopIewhohad
madeabsudpopositionseventhoughhewouId
notpunishthemfodoingsohegavethemwaningstonotdothisagain.Hedewtheattentionof
aIIhisciviImiIitanandcoutoiciaIstohisode
togivespecialattentiontotheleft-homepesonsfo
theipotectionandsuppot.
60

TheEdictoEmpe0ongZheng

ThusacountsIeadescaneitheIeadthe
woIdtowadsstabiIitandpeaceothecanIead
thewoIdintounestanddestuctionTheketo
esovingunestiseducation.Tosaveousocieties
fomchaoswedependonounationaIeadesto
teachandpopagatetheteachingsofthesaintsand
sagesbusingthemostadvancedtechnoogto
boadcasttheseteachingstothewhoIewoId.This
wathesacedteachingswilltubepotected.
IhopethatnationalIeadesandeigious
IeadeswiIIboadcasttheisacedteachingstothe
whoewodfoaIivingbeings.ThiswaaIthe
diffeenteIigionswiIIthenbeabIetoeanfom
eachotheencouageeachotheandco-opeate
witheachothe.TogethewecanesoveconfIicts

inousocietiesandhepousocietiesstabiIiseso
ouwoIdwiIIbeatpeaceAsIongaswehave
stabiIitandpeacefosuewewiIaIhavepos
peit.
61

ChinI(ung

DedicationofMerit

Mathemeitandvituesaccuedfomthiswok

AdontheBuddhasPueLand
RepaingthefOukindsofkindnessabove
AndeIievingthesufeingsof
ThoseintheTheePathsbeIow.

MaaIIwhoseeandheaofthis

BeenIightenedbtheiawakenedaith
AbidebtheteachingsfotheestofthisIife
Thenbebontogethein
The<andofUItimateBIiss!

HomagetoAmitabhaBuddha!

VENERABlEMASERCHINkUNCnamedat

bithasaeHongHsuwasbonini927in
luliangAnhuiPovince.HestudiedBuddhismb
fOIIowingtheteachingsofPofessoDongleiang
ZhangliaHutukutuandlasteBingNanLio
thiTeeneas.HeisaIeanedmasteofthesutas
andthediscousesofaIschooIsofBuddhism

ConfucianismTaoismandsciptuesofothee-

igions.HehasbeenteachingandgivingIectues
O15easHeteacheswiththeuseodistant
education:HepopagatesMahaanaBuddhismb
usingtheintenetandsateIIiteTV.
InecenteashehasbeenactiveinvoIved
insucheducationtodeveIopmuIticuItuaIisme

IigiousandaciaIunitandwoIdpeaceHewas
awadedthetitIesofHonoaDoctoofUnivesit
bCiithUnivesitandUnivesitofSouthen
ueensIandasweIasAdunctPofessobUni
vesitofQueensIandandCiffithUnivesit.

anPueandassociationsaefOundedaI
ovethewoIdonaccountofVeneabIeMaste

Chinlung.othepuposeoftainingmoequaIi
fiedIectuestocaontheimpotantwokof
popagatingBuddhismin200iheestabIishedthe

PueandeaningCoIIegeAssociationInc.in
AustaIia
Intenet:

AustaIia:http:Wwwamtb-aus.og
HongKong:http:wwwbudaedu.oghk
Singapoe:http:Www.amtb.og.sg
Taiwan:http:Wwwamtbog.tw
USA:http:Wwwamtb-dbaog
EmaiI:pueIandcolegeiinet.netau

Addess:57WestSteetToowoombaId4350
TeI:61-(0)7-4637-8765
ax:6-0746378764

WherevertheBuddhasteachingsaretaught
andpractised,eitherincuntries,cities,

cuntrysidesrgatherings,allwillbe
trarlsfrmedfrth2betterThewrldwil<bein

harmny.Thesunandmnwillshineclear
andbright.Windandrainwillappear
accrdinglyTherewillbendisast2r,nly

prsperinandstabili.Therewillbencnflicts
rwars.Allwilluphldtheirvirtuesandbe
kindhearted.AIwillgiveprecedenc2tthers
utfcurtesy.Therewil>bentheffr
in>ustice.Thestrngwillnotdminat2nrtake

advantageftheweakAllwillreceivetheirfair
share(TheInfiniteLifeSuha)

,,,,