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Field Analysis of a Text International Standard Schools: Some Insight

Isuued in The Jakarta Post, December 2010 as a Source In Teaching

Grammar Meaning
Methodology of the research
Approach of the research
Basically, there are two kinds of research; they are qualitative research and
quantitaive research. This study uses descriptive qualitative research.
Role of the researcher
In this qualitative research, the researcher is the key isntrument. The
researcher determines the focus of the study, chooses the source of the data.
Collects the data, analysis the data, interprets the data and finds the conclusion
based on the findings. Moleong (2008: 168)

Object of the study

Population in this study is the sentences of the texts in the Jakarta Post
issued in December 2010. The sample of this study ia a text in the Jakarta Post
issued in December 12th 2010 entitled International Standard Schools:Some


Statement of the problem
To what extent is students ability in using simple present tense in descriptive text.
What are the problems faced by students.

Objective of the study

To find out the studens ability in mastering simple presen tense.
To identify the problems in mastering simple present tense.
This chapter discuss the reseach methods uses in this study. The discussion
includes design of the research ,subject of the study,variable technique of data
collection,instruments, technique of data analysis.
Research design
Margono (2000 : 1)states a research is all activity of the naturally
explorations,investigation and experiments in a particular field to again new factts
or principles, which aim to attain new coprehension and develope science and
technology extents.
Research methodology is a part of science that discusses the working procedure to
find out truth. It discusses theoritical concep of various methods. The advantages
and disadventages it proposes technically the methods provide in the research.

Suitable with the titke of this research , this research uses descriptive quantitative
design to describe the ability of the Eight Grade Students of MTs. Darussalam
Bermi Mijen Demak in academic year 2009/2010 at mastering simple present
tense in descriptive text.
Subject of study
Subject of the the research is the Eight Grade Students of MTs. Darussalam Bermi
Mijen Demak. The total are 40 students. It consist of 15 boys and 25 girls.
The instrument used in in this research in the Eight Grade Students of MTs.
Darussalam Bermi Mijen Demak is test. Type of tests are WH Question,Yes/no
Question. It is consist of 50 questions.
Method of Data Collection
This research, the researcher collact date from document,many source from
books,articles,journal and websites.
Methods of data analysis
In this section , the researher corrected the students test and then gave them
scores. If the answer was correct the researcher gave 2 score. On the other hand, if
the answer was wrong, the researcher gave schore 1 for the right answer and 0 the
wrong answer so the maximum score was 100. After getting the scores, the
researcher took mean of total score of students. In this research the reseacher used
mean. Mean is the of thescore average that is obtained by adding all the scores in
a distribution and devided by number of scores.

The Elements and Moral Values Found in Short Story Entitled The Ant and
The Grasshopper by William Somerset Maugham and Its Contribution for
Teaching Literature
Approach of the Research
This study is aimed to describing the story of The Ant and The
Grasshopper by William Somerset Maugham and Its Contribution for Teaching
Literature. In this research uses the qualitative research because this research does
not use amount as in quantitative research. Data in this research is analyzed only
in words or sentences. A qualitative research refers to the meaning, definition,
characteristic, metaphors, symbols and description things. So in this research
studied case about the literature and found the way to study it.

Roles of the Researcher

In this research, researcher is the instrument and the collector of the data.
So, the researcher collects the data include the methods that relevant to this
research from the library or bookstore then studied it and found the points that
needed for this research, so in this research the researcher as a complete
Object of the Study
The object of this study of this research is identified all the elements and
moral values of the short story entitled The Ant and The Grasshopper by
William Somerset Maugham and Its Contribution for Teaching Literature.
Source of the Data
In this research, the kind of the data is qualitative because it does not use
amount but it is analyzed only in words or sentences. Then I collected the source
of the data from the short story entitled The Ant and The Grasshopper by
William Somerset Maugham by analyzed the elements and moral values. I used
the data from the books and internet to collect as many as possible to analyze this
short story and how it's contributing for teaching literature.
Method of Data Collection
In this researcher, the researcher used the method of library research. It is
method used in finding, studying and selecting the books which are relevant to be

data source, the data collecting is able to be done through library study, and no
have his research the writer should write, read, and classify the data.
There are two types data in this research. They are primary data and
secondary data. The primary data is the short story The Ant and The
Grasshopper by William Somerset Maugham. Secondary data found from some
references and books, which are related to be the literature, element, moral value
and other to strengthen the subject mater
This procedure involves several steps. The first step is reading this short
story. Second steps is finding references from some books, articles from library
and internet that discussed about a literature, fiction, short story and its elements.
The last steps is making some notes or listing about elements and moral values
from the contents of the short story.

An Analysis of Spoken Expressions in Shopaholic Takes

Manhattan Novel by Shophie Kinsela : as Source of Teaching
A. The Statement of the Problem
This study discusseded what are the spoken expressions by the characters found in
the novel of Shopaholic Takes Manhattan, what are the kinds of spoken
expressions found in the novel of Shopaholic Takes Manhattan

Methodology of the Research

A. Approach of the Research
The research needed a precise research method to get a good result.
Two kinds of research were; qualitative research, because there were no
calculations in analyzing the data.
Prof. Dr. Sugiono explain that Qualitative research is research
method that based on postpositivisme philosopy, it is used in naturally
object condition. Other opinion, Qualitative research is conducted through
an intense and/or pronolonged contact with a field or lie situation. These
situasions are typically banal or normal ones, reflective of the everyday
life of individuals, groups, societies, and organizations (Dr. dr. H. Boy S
Sabarguna, MARS: 2005)
Most analysis was done with words. The words can be assembled,
sub clustered, broken into semiotic. They can be organized to permit the
researcher to contrast, compare, analyze, and bestow pattern upon them.
In the research the researcher just described the meaning and
function of some spoken expressions used by the characters stated in
Shopaholic Takes Manhattan novel so there was just found the spoken
expressions and identified in kinds of English spoken expressions.

B. Object ot the Study

Object: the physical things those are present. (Prof. Dr. Sugiono,
2009: 229). In this research the object of the study was the statements of
the characters in their conversations found in shopaholic takes manhatta
novel. This research focused on the conversation between each of
character so it can be done with sorting what were the spoken or written




Research Design
The method is a means used to solve the problem to get a certain
objective. In addition, Sutrisno Hadi (1987: 75) says that method is procedure in
carrying out the research dealing with the technique of collecting data and
analyzing the data. The research has to choose a method of research that is
suitable for the subject matter and the objectives of the study. There are two kinds
of research. They are qualitative and quantitative research. In this study, the writer
used the qualitative research. Qualitative research used unreconstructed logic to
get at what is really real-the qualitative, meaning, context, or image of reality in
what people actually do. Unreconstructed logic means that there were no step by
step rule, which researcher used prefabricated methods or reconstructed rules,
terms, and procedures that try to make their research look clean and neat as in
journal publication. (Sheril, Christina 2005).

The data in the research were analyzed in the main character revelation
and the elements of the movie Troy. A qualitative research refers to the
meaning, definitions, characteristics, and elements of the movie.
Object of the Study
The elements and the main character revelation of the movie Troy here
became the object of the study. Actually, this movie serves the different
atmosphere. It was also showed many kinds of character. Population is complete
actual/theoretical collection of numerical values (scores) of the character that was
of interest to the researcher. Population characters in movie Troy had many
kinds of character, and then we could take sample. Sample is a subject of
population. Or a set of observed scored from which the inference of the
population is made. A population is the group; a sample is a set of data of all
items of interest to a drawn from the population.
Troy movie told about Trojan War. The story began when Helen leaved
her husband; Menelaus and run away and escape with a prince of troy named
Source of Data
This paper used one source of data that is the movie itself Troy movie.
As objective of the research, the analysis was done by breaking up the story into
component parts. The components were; plot, setting, and characterization.
Afterwards the writer uses the interpretation of the collecting data that consisted
of the sentence to describe and classify the data.