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Zachary Higa

Michael Abagon
Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources
"Antoine Lavoisier." Antoine Lavoisier. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.
Talks about Lavoisiers inventions, his experiments, and his methods. This
doesnt show any bias and it is more informal. We used this source to
accumulate a quote by Antoine Lavoisier.
"Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier." Chemical Heritage Foundation. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This talks about Antoine-Laurent Lavoisiers contributions towards the
development in chemistry. This also talks about the characteristics of his
experiments and his work. This one source looks towards Lavoisier as a hero.
We used this source to explain the structure of his experiments and to display the
advancement of the human mind.
Antoine- Laurent Lavoisier. EBSCOhost. Funks & Wagnalls New World. Web. 01
Aug. 2014.http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=1b0ac8c16fe0-486d-8c1ef7fcf81f7bb5%40sessionmgr198&hid=103&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2Z
This source provides information on Lavoisiers life in politics and in science. It
also contains contributions to society. This source is impartial and is meant to
just inform the reader of Lavoisier. We used this source to learn about not only
Lavoisiers experiments, but his stance in politics as well.

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier. World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO. Web. 01

This provides information on Lavoisiers life outside and briefly having to deal
with science. The article is impartial and regards Lavoisier like any other
chemist. We used this article to see a standby point of someone who doesnt
think too highly of Lavoisier.
Blumenthal, Geoffrey. On Lavoisiers Achievement in Chemistry. EBSCOhost.
Centaurus. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
An article written containing some of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisiers achievements
in chemistry. This article looks to Lavoisier as an icon. We used this article to
get a viewpoint from someone who thinks highly of Lavoisier and to learn about
why they think highly of him.
Chang, Hasok. "The Hidden History of Phlogiston." HYLE 16-2. 2010. Web. 10 Jan.
This source provided a picture of one of the original chemical nomenclatures
created by Lavoisier that we used within our website.

Chemistry Crystallizes Into Modern Science. American Chemical Society. American

This is a website based on the social acceptance of chemistry into the world
around us, and chemistry being considered a legitimate science. This article is
impartial and meant to inform. We used this article to learn about chemistry
coming to its full glory in the form of education and technology.
Crosland, Maurice. Lavoisiers Achievement; More than a Chemical Revolution.
EBSCOhost. AMBIX. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This source looks to Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier as the Father of Modern
Chemistry, and also an activist in the scientific revolution. Contains
contributions to make chemistry a model science, and talks about a legacy. We
used this article to show that Lavoisiers contributions are more than just
contributions to chemistry.
Fruen, Lois. "The History of Ancient Chemistry." The History of Ancient Chemistry.
Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This source describes what the Greek Philosophy is and it talks about the
medieval alchemists at the time. This views the Greek Philosophy and medieval
alchemy in a somewhat condescending tone. We used this article to learn more
background information about Greek Philosophy and medieval alchemy.

Gallow, George. "The Atom in Philosophy and Chemistry." InformIT. Web. 01 Aug.
2014. http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=423773.
This source provides the perspective of Greek philosophers and their theory on
specific elements and chemistry. We used this article to learn more in-depth
about the reasons for the medieval alchemists experiments.
Hallmarks in the study of respiratory physiology and the crucial role of AntoineLaurent Lavoisier. EBSCOhost. American Journal of Physiology. Web. 01 Aug.
2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24039254.
This source talks about the importance of Lavoisier and other scientists in the
findings made about respiratory physiology. This source did look to these
scientists as heroes. We used this source to learn about one of Lavoisiers studies
with other scientists.
Jia, Hepeng. "Chemical Industry." Chemical Industry. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.
This source talks about the chemical industry in the world and relative to China.
We used this source in order to get a picture of the factory for the Chemical

Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent. To call forth a concept. EBSCOhost. Harvard Business

Review. 01 Aug. 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?
This is a small excerpt written by Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, and we
incorporated a few direct quotes. We used this source to incorporate quotes
from Lavoisier although this does not include any information on him.
"Mao Tse Tung Chapter 22." Mao Tse Tung. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
This contained references and quotes made by Mao Tsu Tung. We used this
source in order to get quotes that had to deal with using different methods to
solve problems.
Merz, John T. A History of European Thought in the Nineteenth Century. Vol. 1. 1903.
This source was primarily used to obtain a quote from Merz that justifies to the
extent of what Lavoisier did for chemistry.

"No. 1955: Stahl, Phlogiston and Anima." No. 1955: Stahl, Phlogiston and Anima. Web.
21 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1955.htm>.
This source contained information on the Phlogiston Theory and information on
Georg Ernst Stahl. We used this source in order to get a photograph of Georg
Ernst Stahl.

Perrin, Carleton E. Of Theory Shifts and Industrial Innovations: The Relations of

J.A.C. Chaptal and A.L. Lavoisier. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This source examines the correspondence between J.A.C. Chaptal and A.L.
Lavoisier, and both of their impact on industry innovations. We used this source
to learn about the impact and innovations in industries that Lavoisier caused.
"Phlogiston Theory." Princeton University. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This website provided the theory that was made on the supposed phlogiston.
This was a theory proposed by Georg Ernst Stahl. This was meant to inform and
is impartial. We used this to learn more about the supposed Phlogiston
Pike, Richard. The Economic Benefits of Chemistry Research. Oxford Economics.
This article provides information on the importance of chemistry on todays
society and the economy. This article supports chemistry in todays society and
only states benefits.

Russell, Bertrand. The Scientific Outlook. New York: W.W. Norton, 1931. Print.
This source gave a perspective on the evolution of science and how it feels
science has become popular and taught within society. We used this source to
get a quote about society and why science is important in it.

"Scientific Revolution & The Enlightenment." Niles Township High School District 219.
Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <http://www.niles-hs.k12.il.us/west/students/irc/scientificrevolution-and-enlightenment>.
This source provides information on the activists of the scientific revolution. We
used this source to get a picture of the activists together.
"The Mozart Project." The Mozart Project. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.
This source was useful in collecting classical music during this period of time.
We used a piece called Requiem by Mozart in our website.
The passion of Antoine Lavoisier. EBSCOhost. Natural History. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This source discusses the life and death of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier. It is
biased as it greatly displays that Lavoisiers death was a huge loss. We used this
source to get a standpoint of someone who finds his death as a tragedy.
Van Ostade, Adriaen. An Alchemist. Ciencias E Cognicao. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
This source was used to obtain a picture that was used on our medieval alchemy
page, getting the artwork/painting known as An Alchemist by Adriaen van

Yearly, Clifford K. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier. Salem History. Great Lives from the








This article contains the significance and the symbols that Antoine-Laurent
Lavoisier stands for. This also contains some information on his childhood life.
We used this article to help learn more about the significance of Lavoisiers

Annotated Bibliography Secondary Source

Academy of Sciences. The Chemical Revolution. Paris, France: American Chemical
Society, 1999. Print.
With this source we took one of the quotes made by Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier.
This article includes societal beliefs, cultural beliefs, information on his legacy,
and some of his actions in leadership. This article views Lavoisier as a hero and
is meant to inform on his achievements. We used this source to gain an
understanding of the leadership, legacy, and influential events that caused
Lavoisier to take action.
"Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier." Citizendium.org. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.
This source provided a picture of one of the original chemical nomenclatures
created by Lavoisier that we used in our website.
Antoine Lavoisier. Creighton University. Creighton University. Web. 02 Aug. 2014.
This source provides information on the chemical revolution, Lavoisiers wife,
Ferme Generale, and we took a direct quote from Sir William Tildon. This
source emphasized the loss for his death. We used this source to learn about
Lavoisiers life and his economic stance.

"Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier." NOVA. NOVA. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <http%3A%2F

This source provided an overview on Lavoisiers law of conservation of mass
and provided videos to help understand it. We used this source to get a video on
the law of conservation of mass. There was also an interview of Jacqueline
Boytim that we used in the societys views page.
"Antoine Laurent Lavoisier." University of Pennysylvania. University of Pennysylvania.
Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <http://knarf.english.upenn.edu/People/lavois.html>.
This source provided an overview on Antoine Lavoisiers life. This source was
not biased and it was impartial. We used this source to get a picture of Lavoisier
and add it on our homepage.
Blosser, Patricia E. The Role of the Laboratory in Science Teaching. Narst.org.
National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Web. 02 Aug. 2014.
This source is about the reasons for using labs in todays science curriculum and
how it will benefit students learning. This article shows both perspectives on
labs. We used this source to learn about the impact of labs in modern day due to
Lavoisiers contributions.











This gives an overview of what chemistry is, why should one consider to have
chemistry in their education, and what you could learn from studying chemistry.
This supports one to choose chemistry. We used this article to learn more about
how significant chemistry is in education.
Donovan, Arthur L. "Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier | Biography - French Chemist."
Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 08 Jan. 2015.
This source provided an overview on Lavoisiers life in an unbiased perspective,
however, we used this website primarily to get a photo of Antoine Lavoisier on
our leadership page.
Grant, Edward. When Did Modern Science Begin? i-epistemology.net. American
This source provides broad information on how the era of modern science
started. It also states the influential events that caused the scientific revolution.
This article is unbiased and meant to inform the reader. We used this source to
learn more about influential events to the chemical and scientific revolution.

Helmenstine, Anne M. Chemistry in Daily Life. Chemistry101. Web. 02 Aug. 2014.

This source provides information on how we use chemistry or how chemistry
takes up our daily and social lives.

This looks and supports chemistry in

everyday life. We used this source to learn about the everyday activities or
things we do that involve chemistry.
Helmenstine, Todd. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier Biography. Chemistry101. Web. 02
This source gives information on how Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier came famous.
It also gives information on the phlogiston theory and his execution. We used
this source to explain some of Lavoisiers contributions to chemistry.
"Science and Machines - Scientific and Technological Development since 1800." - The
European Library. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.
This source provided information on the development of science and technology
from 1800. We used this source to get a picture that depicted workers using
technology to get work done.

"Scientific Revolution." Regents Prep Global History. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.

This source provides information on the scientific revolution and chemical
revolution. There is information on the development of the human mind and
how we adapt and react to problems. This also provides the influential events
and the effects of the scientific revolution. This is meant to inform and speaks
from no particular perspective. We used this source to gain a background and
better understanding of the scientific revolution.
Snell, Melissa. "Alchemy in the Middle Ages." Medieval History. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
This source gives an overview about Medieval alchemy. This article was meant
to inform and did not give a certain perspective. We used this source to get a
quote on medieval alchemy relative to modern-day science.
"The Chemical Revolution of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier." Chemistry for Life. American
Chemical Society. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
This is a website on the overall contributions made by French Chemist, AntoineLaurent Lavoisier. Aside from his contributions, the article also states the
philosophy about chemistry during that period of time, influential events on the
chemical and scientific revolution, and also Lavoisiers life. This article is
biased towards the fact that Lavoisier is seen as a hero and meant to inform the
reader of his achievements. We used this article to get an overall view on the
chemical revolution and Lavoisiers life and contributions.

Weisstein, Eric W. Lavoisier, Antoine. Wolfram Research. Web. 02 Aug. 2014.

This source is useful in getting an overview of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisiers life.
This source is unbiased and meant to inform instead of showing a certain
perspective. We used this source to gain more knowledge on the nature of his