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Magnus Carlsen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For people with a similar name, see Magnus Carlsson (disambiguation) and Magnus
Karlsson (disambiguation).
Magnus Carlsen
Magnus Carlsen cropped.jpg
Carlsen in 2012
Full name
Sven Magnus en Carlsen
30 November 1990 (age 23)
Tnsberg, Vestfold, Norway
Title Grandmaster (2004)
World Champion 2013, 2014
FIDE rating
2863 (November 2014)
Peak rating
2882 (May 2014)
No. 1 (November 2014)
Peak ranking
No. 1 (January 2010)
Sven Magnus en Carlsen (Norwegian: [s??n 'm??n?s ?n 'k???sn?]; born 30 November 19
90) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster, No. 1 ranked player in the world and reign
ing World Chess Champion in classical, rapid and blitz. His peak rating is 2882,
the highest in history.
A chess prodigy, Carlsen became a Grandmaster in 2004, at the age of 13 years, 1
48 days, making him at that time the second youngest grandmaster in history, alt
hough he has since become the third youngest. On 1 January 2010, at the age of 1
9 years, 32 days, he became the youngest chess player in history to be ranked wo
rld No. 1. On the January 2013 FIDE rating list, Carlsen reached an Elo rating o
f 2861, at that time the highest in history. In November 2013, Carlsen defeated
Viswanathan Anand in the World Chess Championship 2013, thus becoming the new wo
rld chess champion, and subsequently defended his title during the World Chess C
hampionship 2014 in November 2014 defeating Anand again.
Carlsen was known for his attacking style as a teenager and later developed into
a more universal player. He does not focus on opening preparation as much as ot
her top players and plays a variety of openings, making it harder for opponents
to prepare against him. His positional mastery and endgame prowess have drawn co
mparisons to those of former world champions Jos Ral Capablanca, Vasily Smyslov, a
nd Anatoly Karpov.
1 Childhood
2 Chess career
2.1 2004
2.2 2005
2.3 2006
2.4 2007
2.5 2008
2.6 2009
2.7 2010
2.8 2011
2.9 2012
2.10 2013

2.10.1 World Chess Championship 2013 Results
2.11 2014
2.11.1 World Chess Championship 2014 Results
3 Honours
4 Playing style
5 Rating
5.1 Rating achievements
5.2 Standings on top 100 FIDE lists
6 Head-to-head record versus selected grandmasters
7 Notable games
8 Beyond chess
9 Books and films
10 References
10.1 Sources
11 External links
Carlsen giving a simultaneous exhibition in Molde in July 2004
Carlsen was born in Tnsberg, Norway, on 30 November 1990, to Sigrun en and Henrik
Albert Carlsen, both engineers (sivilingenir) by profession.[1] The family spent
one year in Espoo, Finland, and then in Brussels, Belgium, and in 1998 returned
to Norway and settled in Lommedalen, Brum. They later moved to Haslum.[2] Carlsen
showed an aptitude for intellectual challenges at a young age: at two years, he
could solve 50-piece jigsaw puzzles; at four, he enjoyed assembling Lego sets w
ith instructions intended for children aged 10 14.[3] His father taught him to pla
y chess at the age of 5, although he initially showed little interest in the gam
The first chess book Carlsen read was Find the Plan by Bent Larsen,[5] and his f
irst book on openings was Edvard Gufeld's The Complete Dragon.[6] Carlsen develo
ped his early chess skills by playing alone for hours at a time moving the pieces
around the chessboard, searching for combinations, and replaying games and posit
ions shown to him by his father. Simen Agdestein emphasises Carlsen's extreme me
mory, claiming that he was able to recall the areas, population numbers, flags a
nd capitals of all the countries in the world by the age of five. Later, Carlsen
had memorised the areas, population numbers, coat-of-arms and administrative ce
ntres of "virtually all" Norwegian municipalities.[7] Carlsen participated in hi
s first tournament the youngest division of the 1999 Norwegian Chess Championship at
the age of 8 years and 7 months, scoring 6/11.[8]
Carlsen was later coached at the Norwegian College of Elite Sport by the country
's top player, Grandmaster (GM) Simen Agdestein,[9] who in turn cites Norwegian
football manager and Egil "Drillo" Olsen as a key inspiration for his coaching s
trategy.[1] In 2000, Agdestein introduced Carlsen to Torbjrn Ringdal Hansen, an I
nternational Master (IM) and former Norwegian junior champion, as Ringdal served
a one-year siviltjeneste at the college. Over the course of this year, Carlsen'
s rating rose from 904 in June 2000, to 1907. Carlsen's breakthrough occurred in
the Norwegian junior teams championship in September 2000, where Carlsen scored
3/5 against the top junior players of the country, and a performance rating (PR)
of about 2000.[10] Apart from chess, which Carlsen studied about three to four
hours a day, his favourite pastimes included football, skiing, and reading Donal
d Duck comics.[11] Carlsen also practiced ski jumping until the age of ten. His
personal best is 21 metres.[12]
From autumn 2000 to the end of 2002, Carlsen played almost 300 rated tournament
games, as well as several blitz tournaments, and participated in other minor eve
nts.[13] After this, he obtained three IM norms in relatively quick succession;

his first was at the January 2003 Gausdal Troll Masters (score 7/10, 2345 PR), t
he second was at the June 2003 Salongernas IM-tournament in Stockholm (6/9, 2470
PR), and the third and final IM norm was obtained at the July 2003 Politiken Cu
p in Copenhagen (8/11, 2503 PR). He was officially awarded the IM title on 20 Au
gust 2003.[14] After finishing primary school, Carlsen took a year off to partic
ipate in international chess tournaments held in Europe during the fall season o
f 2003.[15] That same year, he finished in a tie for third in the European Under
-14 Boys Championship.[16]
Chess career
Carlsen vs. Ernst, 2004
d8 black rook
f8 black rook
g8 black king
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
e7 black bishop
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
e6 black pawn
f6 black knight
h6 black pawn
a5 black queen
c5 black pawn
e5 white knight
h5 white pawn
d4 white pawn
f4 white bishop
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
c2 white pawn
e2 white queen
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
b1 white king
d1 white rook
h1 white rook
Position after 17...c5. The game continued 18.Ng6 fxg6 19.Qxe6+ Kh8 20.hxg6 Ng8
21.Bxh6 gxh6 22.Rxh6+ Nxh6 23.Qxe7 Nf7 24.gxf7 Kg7 25.Rd3 Rd6 26.Rg3+ Rg6 27.Qe5
+ Kxf7 28.Qf5+ Rf6 29.Qd7#
This example uses algebraic notation.
Carlsen made headlines after his victory in the C group at the Corus chess tourn
ament in Wijk aan Zee. Carlsen obtained a score of 10/13, losing just one game (a
gainst the highest-rated player of the C group, Du ko Pavasovic).[17] As a result
of the victory, he earned his first GM norm, and achieved a PR of 2702. Particul
arly notable was his win over Sipke Ernst in the penultimate round, when Carlsen
sacrificed material to give mate in just 29 moves.[18] The first 23 moves in th

at game had already been played in another game Almagro Llanas Gustafsson, Madrid 20
03 (which ended in a draw) but Carlsen's over-the-board novelty immediately led to
a winning position. Carlsen's victory in the C group qualified him to play in t
he B group in 2005, and it led Lubomir Kavalek, writing for the Washington Post,
to give him the title "Mozart of chess". Agdestein said that Carlsen had an exc
ellent memory and played an unusually wide range of openings.[19] Carlsen's prow
ess caught the attention of Microsoft, which became his sponsor.[20]
Carlsen obtained his second GM norm in the Moscow Aeroflot Open in February. On
17 March, in a blitz chess tournament in Reykjavk, Iceland, Carlsen defeated form
er World Champion Anatoly Karpov. The blitz tournament was a preliminary event l
eading up to a rapid knockout tournament beginning the next day. In that event,
Carlsen was paired with Garry Kasparov, then the top-rated player in the world.
Carlsen achieved a draw in their first game and lost the second one, and was thu
s knocked out of the tournament.[21]
In the sixth Dubai Open Chess Championship, held 18 28 April, Carlsen obtained his
third and final GM norm. This caused him to become the world's youngest GM at t
he time, as well as the third-youngest GM in history (after Sergey Karjakin, who
earned the title at the age of 12 years and 7 months[22] and Parimarjan Negi).[
23] Carlsen played in the FIDE World Chess Championship, thus becoming the young
est player ever to participate in one, but was knocked out in the first round by
Levon Aronian.[24]
In July, Carlsen and Berge stenstad (then the reigning Norwegian champion) tied f
or first in the Norwegian Chess Championship, each scoring 7/9. A two-game match
between them was arranged to decide the title. Both games were drawn, which lef
t stenstad the champion because he had superior tiebreaks in the tournament.[25]
In the Smartfish Chess Masters event at the Drammen International Chess Festival
2004 05, Carlsen defeated Alexei Shirov, then ranked No. 10[26] in the world, as
well as the co-winner of the tournament.[27] In the semifinals of the Ciudad de
Len rapid chess tournament in June, Carlsen played a four-game match against Visw
anathan Anand, who was ranked No. 2 in the world at the time and had won the 200
3 World Rapid Chess Championship.[28] Anand won 3 1.[29]
In the Norwegian Chess Championship, Carlsen again finished in shared first plac
e, this time with his mentor Simen Agdestein. A playoff between them was played
between 7 and 10 November. This time, Carlsen had the better tiebreaks, but the
rule giving the title to the player with better tiebreak scores in the event of
a 1 1 draw had been revoked previously. The match was closely fought Agdestein won t
he first game, Carlsen the second so the match went into a series of two-game rapi
d matches until there was a winner. Carlsen won the first rapid game, Agdestein
the second. Then followed three draws until Agdestein won the championship title
with a victory in the sixth rapid game.[30]
Carlsen in Warsaw, 2005
At the end of 2005, Carlsen participated at the Chess World Cup in Khanty-Mansiy
sk, Russia. In the knockout tournament, he upset the 44th-ranked Zurab Azmaipara
shvili in round one, and proceeded to defeat Farrukh Amonatov and Ivan Cheparino
v to reach the round of 16. There, Carlsen lost to Evgeny Bareev,[31] but then w
on against Jol Lautier and Vladimir Malakhov before losing again to Gata Kamsky.
Thus, Carlsen finished in tenth place and became the youngest player to be an of
ficial World Championship Candidate.[32] In October, he took first place at the
Arnold Eikrem Memorial in Gausdal with a score 8/9 and a PR of 2792.[33]
Carlsen qualified for a place in the Corus B group due to his first place finish
in Corus group C in 2004. His shared first place with Alexander Motylev with 9/

13 (+6-1=6) qualified him to play in the Corus group A in 2007.[34]

At the traditional international 'Bosna' tournament in Sarajevo 2006, Carlsen sh
ared first place with Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu (who won on tiebreak evaluation) an
d Vladimir Malakhov; this could be regarded as Carlsen's first A elite tournament
win, although it was not a clear first.[35]
Carlsen was close to winning the 2006 Norwegian Chess Championship outright, but
a last-round loss to Berge stenstad dropped him into another tie for first place
with Agdestein. It also prevented Carlsen from beating Agdestein's record as th
e youngest Norwegian champion ever.[36] Nonetheless, in the playoff held from 19 2
1 September, Carlsen won 3 1. After two draws at standard time controls, Carlsen w
on both rapid games in round two, securing his first Norwegian championship win.
Carlsen won the Glitnir Blitz Tournament[38] in Iceland. He achieved a 2 0 win ove
r Viswanathan Anand in the semifinals and achieved the same score in the finals.
[39] He scored 6/8 in the 37th Chess Olympiad and achieved a PR of 2820.[40]
In the Midnight Sun Chess Tournament, Carlsen finished second behind Sergei Ship
ov.[41] In the Biel Grandmaster Tournament, he placed second, beating the tourna
ment winner Alexander Morozevich twice.[42]
In the NH Chess Tournament held in Amsterdam in August, Carlsen participated in
an "Experience" vs. "Rising Stars" Scheveningen team match. The "Rising Stars" w
on the match 28 22, with Carlsen achieving the best individual score for the Risin
g Stars team (6/10) and a 2700 PR, thus winning the right to participate in the 2
007 Melody Amber tournament.[43]
With a score of 7/15, Carlsen placed 8th out of 16 participants at the World Blit
z Championship in Rishon LeZion, Israel.[44] In the rapid chess tournament Renco
ntres nationales et internationales d'checs in Cap d'Agde, France, he reached the
semifinal, losing there to Sergey Karjakin.[45] In November, Carlsen achieved a
shared 8th place of 10 participants in the Mikhail Tal Memorial in Moscow with
two losses and seven draws. He finished ninth in a group of 18 participants in t
he associated blitz tournament, which was won by Anand.[46]
Carlsen playing Levon Aronian at Linares 2007
Playing in the top group of the Corus chess tournament for the first time, Carls
en placed last with nine draws and four losses, scoring 4/13.[47] In the prestigi
ous Linares chess tournament, Carlsen played against the following top-rated pla
yers: Veselin Topalov, Viswanathan Anand, Peter Svidler, Alexander Morozevich, L
evon Aronian, Peter Leko, and Vassily Ivanchuk. Despite being rated significantl
y lower than any of them, he finished in second place on tiebreaks with 7/14, hav
ing scored four wins, seven draws and three losses, and achieving a PR of 2778.[
Carlsen played for the first time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid chess tour
nament in Monte Carlo in March. In the 11 rounds, he achieved eight draws and th
ree losses in the blindfold games, as well as three wins, seven draws and one lo
ss in the rapid games. This resulted in a shared ninth place in the blindfold, s
hared second place in the rapid (behind Anand), and a shared eighth place in the
overall tournament.[49]
In May and June, he participated in the Candidates Tournament for the FIDE World
Chess Championship 2007, facing Levon Aronian in a six-game match at standard t
ime controls, which Carlsen drew (+2-2=2) by coming from behind twice. The fourgame rapid playoff was drawn as well (+1-1=2), with Carlsen winning the last gam
e to stay in the match. Eventually, Aronian eliminated Carlsen from the tourname

nt after winning both tiebreak blitz games.[50]

In July and August, Carlsen won the Biel Grandmaster Tournament with a 6/10 reco
rd and a PR of 2753. His score was matched by Alexander Onischuk and they played
a match to break the tie. After drawing two rapid and two blitz games, Carlsen
won the armageddon game.[51] Immediately after the Biel tournament, Carlsen ente
red the open Arctic Chess Challenge in Troms, but his fourth place result with +5
=4 was a slight underperformance in terms of rating. In the first round, Carlsen
, surprisingly, conceded a draw to his classmate Brede Hagen (rated 2034)[52] af
ter having a lost position at one point.[53] A game which attracted some attenti
on was his sixth-round win over his father, Henrik Carlsen.[54]
Carlsen reached the semifinal round of the World Chess Cup in December, after de
feating Michael Adams in the round of 16 and Ivan Cheparinov in the quarterfinal
s. In the semifinal, he was eliminated by the eventual winner, Gata Kamsky, scor
ing 1.[55]
Carlsen in 2008
In the top group A of the Corus chess tournament, Carlsen scored 8/13, achieving
a PR of 2830. Carlsen won five games, lost two and drew six, sharing first plac
e with Levon Aronian.[56] At the Linares chess tournament, Carlsen had another 2
800+ PR, scoring 8/14. He finished in sole second place, point behind the winner
World Champion Viswanathan Anand.[57]
In March, Carlsen played for the second time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid
chess tournament, held in Nice for the first time. In the 11 rounds he achieved
four wins, four draws and two losses in the blindfold, and three wins, two loss
es, and six draws in the rapid. This resulted in a shared fifth place in the bli
ndfold, shared third place in the rapid and a shared second place in the overall
Carlsen was one of 21 players in the six-tournament FIDE Grand Prix 2008 2009, a q
ualifier for the World Chess Championship 2012. In the first tournament, in Baku
, Azerbaijan, he finished in a three-way tie for first place, with another 2800
PR. Carlsen later withdrew from the Grand Prix cycle despite his initial success
, criticizing how FIDE was "changing the rules dramatically in the middle of a [
World Championship] cycle".[59]
Carlsen won a rapid match against Peter Leko held in Miskolc, Hungary, scoring 5 3
.[60] In June, Carlsen won the annual Aerosvit event,[61] finishing undefeated w
ith 8/11 in a category 19 field and achieving a PR of 2877, his best PR at that
point in his career.[62] Playing in the category 18 Biel Grandmaster Tournament,
Carlsen finished third with 6/10, with a PR of 2740.[63]
In the Mainz World Rapid Chess Championship, Carlsen finished in second place af
ter losing the final to defending champion Anand 3 1.[64] In the qualification rou
nd Carlsen scoring 1 against Judit Polgr, 1 1 against Anand and 1 1 against Alexander Mo
rozevich.[65] In the category 22 Bilbao Masters, Carlsen tied for second with a
2768 PR.[66]
Playing in Group A of the Corus chess tournament, Carlsen tied for fifth with a
2739 PR.[67] In the Linares chess tournament, Carlsen finished third with a 2777
PR.[68] Carlsen tied for second place with Veselin Topalov at the M-Tel Masters
(category 21) tournament in Sofia, Bulgaria. He lost to eventual winner Alexei
Shirov in their final game, dropping him from first.[69]
Carlsen won the category 21 Nanjing Pearl Spring tournament, 2 points ahead of se
cond-place finisher Topalov, the world's highest-rated player at the time. He sc

ored an undefeated 8/10, winning every game as white (against Topalov, Wang Yue,
Leko, Radjabov, and Jakovenko), and also winning as black against Jakovenko. By
rating performance, this was one of the greatest results in history, with a PR
of 3002.[70] Chess statistician Jeff Sonas has declared it one of the 20 best to
urnament performances of all time, and the best chess performance of all time by
a teenager.[71]
In the Tal Memorial, played from 5 to 14 November, Carlsen started with seven st
raight draws, but finished with wins over Ruslan Ponomariov and Peter Leko. This
result put Carlsen in shared second place behind Kramnik and equal with Ivanchu
k.[72][73] After the Tal Memorial, Carlsen won the World Blitz Championship, pla
yed from 16 to 18 November in Moscow, Russia. His score of 28 wins, 6 draws and
8 losses left him three points ahead of Anand, who finished in second place.[74]
Carlsen at the World Blitz Championship 2009
Carlsen entered the London Chess Classic as the top seed in a field including Kr
amnik, Hikaru Nakamura, Michael Adams, Nigel Short, Ni Hua, Luke McShane and Dav
id Howell. He defeated Kramnik in round one and went on to win the tournament wi
th 13/21 (three points were awarded for a win, and one for a draw; using classic
al scoring he finished with 5/7) and a PR of 2844, one point ahead of Kramnik. T
his victory propelled him to the top of the FIDE rating list, surpassing Veselin
Based on his average ranking from the July 2009 and January 2010 FIDE lists, Car
lsen qualified for the Candidates Tournament that would determine the challenger
to World Champion Viswanathan Anand in the World Chess Championship 2012. In No
vember 2010, however, Carlsen announced he was withdrawing from the Candidates T
ournament. Carlsen described the 2008 12 cycle as "[not] sufficiently modern and f
air", and wrote that "Reigning champion privileges, the long (five year) span of
the cycle, changes made during the cycle resulting in a new format (Candidates)
that no World Champion has had to go through since Kasparov, puzzling ranking c
riteria as well as the shallow ceaseless match-after-match concept are all less
than satisfactory in my opinion."[76]
In early 2009 Carlsen engaged former World Champion Garry Kasparov as a personal
trainer.[77] In September their partnership was revealed to the public by Norwe
gian newspapers.[78][79]
Responding to a question in an interview with Time magazine in December 2009 reg
arding whether he used computers when studying chess, Carlsen explained that he
does not use a chess set when studying on his own.[80]
Carlsen won the Corus chess tournament played 16 31 January with 8 points. His nint
h-round loss to Kramnik ended a streak of 36 rated games undefeated.[81] Carlsen
appeared to struggle in the last round against Fabiano Caruana, but saved a dra
w, leaving him half a point ahead of Kramnik and Shirov.[82]
In March it was announced that Carlsen had split from Kasparov and would no long
er use him as a trainer,[83] although this was put into different context by Car
lsen himself in an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel, in which he s
tated that they would remain in contact and he would continue to attend training
sessions with Kasparov.[84] In 2011, Carlsen said: "Thanks to [Kasparov] I bega
n to understand a whole class of positions better. ... Kasparov gave me a great
deal of practical help."[85] In 2012, when asked what he learnt from working wit
h Kasparov, Carlsen answered: "Complex positions. That was the most important th
Carlsen shared first place alongside Ivanchuk in the Amber blindfold and rapid t
ournament. Scoring 6/11 in the blindfold and 8/11 in the rapid, Carlsen accumulat

ed 14 from a possible 22 points.[87] In May it was revealed that Carlsen had help
ed Anand prepare for the World Chess Championship 2010 against challenger Veseli
n Topalov, which Anand won 6 5 to retain the title. Carlsen had also helped Anand pr
epare for the World Chess Championships in 2007 and 2008.[88]
Carlsen played in the Bazna Kings Tournament in Romania on 14 25 June. The tournam
ent was a double round robin involving Wang Yue, Boris Gelfand, former FIDE Worl
d Champion Ruslan Ponomariov, Teimour Radjabov, and Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu. He f
inished with 7/10 and a 2918 PR, winning the tournament by two points ahead of Ra
djabov and Gelfand.[89] Carlsen then played in a rapid tournament 28 30 August at
the Arctic Securities Chess Stars tournament in Kristiansund, Norway. The field
featured World Champion Viswanathan Anand, female world No. 1 Judit Polgr, and Jo
n Ludvig Hammer. In the preliminary round robin, Carlsen scored 3/6 to qualify fo
r the final, second behind Anand.[90] In the final, Carlsen defeated Anand 1 to win
the championship.[91] Following this event, Carlsen suffered setbacks in his ne
xt two tournaments. In the 39th Chess Olympiad from 19 September to 4 October, h
e scored 4/8, losing three games, to Baadur Jobava, Michael Adams, and Sanan Sjug
irov; these were his first losses with the black pieces in more than a year.[92]
His team, Norway, finished 51st out of 149 teams.[93]
Carlsen's next tournament was the Grand Slam Masters Final on 9 15 October, which
he had qualified for automatically by winning three of the previous year's four
Grand Slam chess events (2009 Nanjing Pearl Spring, 2010 Corus, 2010 Bazna Kings
). Along with Carlsen, the finals consisted of World Champion Anand and the high
est two scorers from the preliminary stage held in Shanghai in September: Kramni
k and Shirov.[94][95] The average Elo of the participants at the time was 2789,
making the Grand Slam Final the strongest chess tournament in history. In the fi
rst round, Carlsen lost with black to Kramnik; this was Carlsen's second consecu
tive loss to Kramnik, and placed his hold on the world No. 1 ranking in serious
jeopardy. In his second round, Carlsen lost with the white pieces to Anand; this
was his first loss as White since January 2010. Carlsen recovered somewhat in t
he latter part of the tournament, achieving a win over Shirov, and finishing wit
h 2/6. The tournament was won by Kramnik with 4/6.[96] Carlsen finished this tour
nament with a rating of 2802, two points behind Anand at 2804 who temporarily en
ded Carlsen's reign at world No. 1. These setbacks called into question from som
e whether Carlsen's activities outside chess, such as modelling for G-Star Raw,
were distracting him from performing well at the chessboard.[97] Carlsen said he
did not believe there was a direct connection.[98]
Carlsen's next tournament was the Pearl Spring chess tournament on 19 30 October i
n Nanjing, China, against Anand, Topalov, Vugar Gashimov, Yue, and tienne Bacrot.
[99] This was the only tournament in 2010 to feature Anand, Carlsen and Topalov,
at the time the top three players in the world, and was the first tournament in
history to feature three players rated at least 2800. With early wins over Bacr
ot, Yue, and Topalov with white, Carlsen took the early lead, extending his winn
ing streak with white in Nanjing to eight. This streak was halted by a draw to A
nand in round seven, but in the penultimate round Carlsen secured first place by
defeating Topalov with black. This was his second victory in the tournament ove
r the former world No. 1; his final score of 7/10 (with a PR of 2903) was a full
point ahead of runner-up Anand.[100]
Carlsen at the 2010 London Chess Classic
In the World Blitz Championship, held in Moscow on 16 18 November, Carlsen attempt
ed to defend his 2009 title. With a score of 23/38, he finished in third place be
hind Radjabov and winner Levon Aronian.[101] After the tournament, Carlsen playe
d a private 40-game blitz match against Hikaru Nakamura,[102] winning with a sco
re of 23 16.[103]
Carlsen won the London Chess Classic on 8 15 December in a field comprising World
Champion Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Nakamura, and British players Adams, Nigel Sho

rt, David Howell, and Luke McShane. Carlsen had a rocky start, losing his games
to McShane and Anand in rounds 1 and 3, but winning with white against Adams and
Nakamura in rounds 2 and 4. He joined the lead with a win over Howell in round
5, and managed to stay in the lead following a harrowing draw against Kramnik in
round 6, before defeating Short in the last round. Since the tournament was pla
yed with three points for a win, Carlsen's +4-2=1 score put him ahead of Anand a
nd McShane who scored +2=5 (a more traditional two-points-for-a-win system would
have yielded a three-way tie, with Carlsen still on top, having the better tieb
reaker due to four games with black Anand and McShane played only three times with
Carlsen competed in the GM-A group of the Tata Steel Chess (Corus) tournament on
14 30 January in Wijk aan Zee in an attempt to defend his title; the field includ
ed World Champion Viswanathan Anand, Levon Aronian, former World Champion Vladim
ir Kramnik, Alexander Grischuk, Hikaru Nakamura, and former FIDE World Champion
Ruslan Ponomariov, among others. Despite losing games with white against Anish G
iri and reigning Russian champion Ian Nepomniachtchi, Carlsen finished with 8/13
, including victories over Kramnik and tournament winner Nakamura.[105] Although
Carlsen's performance raised his rating from 2814 to 2815, Anand's 8/13 score el
evated his rating to 2817, making him the world No. 1 for the March 2011 FIDE ra
ting list.[106]
The first tournament victory of the year came in the Bazna Kings tournament, a d
ouble round robin played in Medias on 11 21 June. Carlsen finished with 6/10, equal
with Sergey Karjakin but with a better tiebreak score. Carlsen won his White ga
mes against Nakamura, Nisipeanu, and Ivanchuk and drew the rest of the games.[10
The Grand Slam Chess Final was held as a double round robin with six players, in
So Paulo (25 September 1 October) and Bilbao (5 11 October). Although Carlsen had a
slow start, including a loss against bottom-ranked Vallejo Pons, he finished +31=6, equal with Ivanchuk (whose +4-3=3 finish was equal due to three points for
a win). Carlsen then won the blitz tiebreak against Ivanchuk. The other players
were Anand, Aronian, Nakamura, and Vallejo Pons.[108]
Another tournament victory was achieved in the Tal Memorial in Moscow 16 25 Novemb
er as a round robin with ten players. Carlsen won two games, against Gelfand and
Nakamura, and drew the rest. Although he finished equal on points with Aronian,
he placed ahead since the tiebreak was determined by the number of Black games;
Carlsen had five Black games while Aronian only had four.[109]
In the London Chess Classic, played 3 12 December, Carlsen's streak of tournament
victories ended when he finished third, behind Kramnik and Nakamura. Carlsen won
three games and drew five. Although he did not win the tournament, Carlsen gain
ed rating points, rising to a new personal record of 2835.[110]
Carlsen at the Tata Steel Chess Tournament in 2012
At the Tata Steel Chess Tournament held 14 29 January in Wijk aan Zee, Carlsen fin
ished in a shared second place with 8/13, behind Aronian, and equal with Radjabo
v and Caruana. Carlsen defeated Gashimov, Aronian, Gelfand, and Topalov, but los
t against Karjakin.[111] At the Blitz chess tournament at Tal Memorial, Moscow 7
June, Carlsen shared first place with Morozevich. In the main event (a category
22 ten-player round robin), he won two games and drew seven. He finished in fir
st place, ahead of Radjabov and Caruana.[112]
Carlsen then went on to finish second in the Biel Grandmaster Tournament, with 1
8 points, just one point behind Hao using the 3 1 0 scoring system. As in the Tal Me
morial earlier in 2012, Carlsen managed to finish the tournament without any los

ses (+4-0=6). He also defeated the winner Hao in both of their individual games.
In the exhibition blitz tournament at Biel before the GM tournament, Carlsen wa
s eliminated (+1-2=0) in the first round by tienne Bacrot. Bacrot deprived Carlse
n of a win in the classical tournament by holding him to a draw in the final rou
nd. Carlsen would have won the classical tournament on the traditional 1 0 scoring s
ystem, with 7/10.[113]
The Grand Slam Chess Final was again held as a double round robin with six playe
rs, in So Paulo and Bilbao. Carlsen started with a loss against Caruana, but afte
r three wins in the second (Bilbao) round, finished +4-1=5, equal first with Car
uana, and ahead of Aronian, Karjakin and Anand. Carlsen won the tournament by wi
nning both tiebreak games against Caruana.[114]
From 24 to 25 November, Carlsen took part in the chess festival Segunda Gran Fie
sta Internacional de Ajedrez in Mexico City. As part of it, Carlsen took on an o
nline audience (dubbed as "The World") with the white pieces and won. He then to
ok part in the knockout exhibition event Cuadrangular UNAM. Carlsen first beat Lz
aro Bruzn 1 , thus qualifying for a final against Judit Polgr (who had in turn beat Ma
nuel Len Hoyos 1 ). Carlsen lost the first game, but won the second one, and in the t
iebreak defeated Polgr 2 0.[115][116]
Carlsen won the London Chess Classic in December with five wins (over McShane, A
ronian, Gawain Jones, Adams and Judit Polgr) and three draws (against Kramnik, Na
kamura and Anand).[117] This win, the third time Carlsen had won the tournament
in the past four years, increased his rating from 2848 to a new record of 2861,
breaking Kasparov's 13-year record of 2851.[117][118] By rating performance, thi
s was one of the best results in history, with a PR of 2994.[119]
Carlsen in play during round seven at Tata Steel in Wijk aan Zee, 2013
Carlsen played in the 75th Tata Steel Chess Tournament from 11 to 27 January in
Wijk aan Zee. In the 13-round tournament, he scored 10 points (+7-0=6), winning
clear first 1 points ahead of second-place finisher Aronian.[120] On 1 February,
Danish GM Peter Heine Nielsen joined the team of assistants who helped Carlsen p
repare for the Candidates Tournament in March. Before this, Nielsen was on Viswa
nathan Anand's team.[121]
Carlsen played in the 2013 Candidates Tournament, which took place in London, fr
om 15 March to 1 April. He finished with +5-2=7, and won the tournament on tiebr
eak over Vladimir Kramnik. As a result, he earned the right to challenge Anand f
or the World Champion title.[122]
In May, Carlsen played in the tournament Norway Chess. He finished second, scori
ng 5/9 (+3-1=5), half a point behind Sergey Karjakin.[123]
Carlsen played in the Tal Memorial from June 12 to June 23. He finished second,
with 5/9, half a point behind Boris Gelfand. Carlsen ended the tournament with +3
-1=5, losing to Caruana but beating Anand, Kramnik and Nakamura.[124] Later that
month, Carlsen played a four-game friendly rapid match against Borki Predojevic
, which he won 2 1.[125]
In the Sinquefield Cup, held in September, Carlsen finished first, scoring +3-0=
3, a point ahead of Nakamura.[126]
World Chess Championship 2013
Main article: World Chess Championship 2013
Carlsen faced Anand in the World Chess Championship 2013 in Chennai, India, from
9 to 22 November. Carlsen won the match 6 3 by winning games five, six and nine and
drawing the remainder. Thus, Carlsen became the new world chess champion.[127]

Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand


From 29 January to 4 February, Carlsen played in the 2014 Zurich Chess Challenge
, winning the preliminary blitz event (+2-1=2) and the classical event (+3-0=2).
He performed less well in the rapid event (+1-2=2), which counted towards the o
verall standings, but retained enough of a lead to win the tournament. The other
players in the event were Aronian, Nakamura, Caruana, Gelfand and Anand.[128]
Carlsen played a game for his club Stavanger in the final team match for promoti
on to the Norwegian Premier League on 22 March. His win over Vladimir Georgiev h
elped his team to a 3 2 win over Nordstrand.[129]
Carlsen won the Shamkir Chess tournament at S?mkir, Azerbaijan, played from 20 30
April. He played in the A group along with Caruana, Nakamura, Karjakin, Mamedyar
ov and Radjabov. Carlsen started the tournament with 2/2, beating Mamedyarov and
Nakamura. He then drew Karjakin, only to lose two games in a row for the first
time in four years, losing to Caruana with black and then with white to Radjabov
. In the second half of the tournament, Carlsen scored 4/5, beating Mamedyarov a
nd Nakamura again, and securing the tournament victory by beating Caruana in the
final round, finishing with +5-2=3.[130]
On 8 May Carlsen played an exhibition game at Oslo City against the people of No
rway, assisted by a grandmaster panel consisting of Simen Agdestein, Leif Erlend
Johannessen, and Jon Ludvig Hammer. Each of the panel members proposed a move a
nd the public could then vote over the proposed moves. Each panel member was all
owed three chances to let chess engine Houdini propose a move during the game. N
orway's moves were executed by Oddvar Br who was disguised in a red spandex suit
for the occasion. The game was drawn when Carlsen forced a perpetual check.[131]
Carlsen placed second (to Sergey Karjakin) in the 2014 edition of Norway Chess,
a ten-player round robin, from 2 June to 13 June. Other players in the event wer
e Aronian, Caruana, Topalov, Svidler, Kramnik, Grischuk, Giri and Agdestein.[132
Carlsen won FIDE World Rapid Championships held in Dubai from 16 June to 19 June
.[133] He went on to claim the World Blitz Championships two days later,[134] be
coming the first player to simultaneously hold the title in all three FIDE rated
time controls.
Carlsen played nine games for Norway in the 41st Chess Olympiad, scoring five wi
ns, two draws, and two losses (against Arkadij Naiditsch and Ivan aric).[135]
Carlsen placed second to Fabiano Caruana in the Sinquefield Cup, a six-player do
uble round robin in Saint Louis, Missouri from 27 August to 7 September. Billed
as the strongest chess tournament ever held, the remaining players in the event
were Aronian, Nakamura, Topalov, and Vachier-Lagrave.[136]
World Chess Championship 2014
Main article: World Chess Championship 2014

Carlsen faced Anand in a match for the title of World Chess Champion in November
2014, as Anand qualified by winning the 2014 Candidates Tournament. The rematch
was held from November 7 to 23 in Sochi, Russia. After 11 of 12 games, Carlsen
led 6.5 4.5, thereby defending his World Champion title.[137]
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand
Anand vs Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand


Carlsen won the Chess Oscars for 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. The Chess Oscar, con
ducted by the Russian chess magazine 64, is awarded to the year's best player ac
cording to a worldwide poll of leading chess critics, writers, and journalists.[
138][139] The Norwegian tabloid Verdens Gang(VG) has awarded him "Name of the Ye
ar" (rets navn) twice, in 2009[140] and 2013.[141] VG also named him "Sportsman o
f the year" in 2009[142] and in the same year he won the Folkets Idrettspris, a
people's choice award from the newspaper Dagbladet.[143] In 2011, he was given t
he Peer Gynt Prize, a Norwegian honour prize awarded annually to "a person or in
stitution that has achieved distinction in society";[144] the following year, he
repeated as winner of Folkets Idrettspris.[145] In 2013, Time magazine named Ca
rlsen one of the 100 most influential people in the world.[146]
Playing style
Carlsen had an aggressive style of play as a youth,[147][148] and, according to
Agdestein, his play was characterised by "a fearless readiness to offer material
for activity".[149] Carlsen found as he matured that this risky playing style w
as not as well suited against the world elite. When he started playing in top to
urnaments he was struggling against top players, and had trouble getting much ou
t of the opening. To progress, Carlsen's style became more universal, capable of
handling all sorts of positions well. Carlsen opens with both 1.d4 and 1.e4, as
well as 1.c4, and, on occasion, 1.Nf3, thus making it harder for opponents to p
repare against him.[150][151] Evgeny Sveshnikov has criticised Carlsen's opening
play, claiming in a 2013 interview that without a more "scientific" approach to
preparation, his "future doesn't look so promising".[152]
[Carlsen] has been known to say that he isn't all that interested in opening pre
paration; his main forte is the middlegame, in which he manages to outplay many
of his opponents with positional means. ... Carlsen's repertoire is aimed at avo
iding an early crisis in the game. He invariably aims for middlegames that lend
themselves to a strategic approach.
Jan Timman, 2012[153]
Garry Kasparov, who coached Carlsen from 2009 to 2010, said that Carlsen has a p
ositional style similar to that of past world champions such as Anatoly Karpov,
Jos Ral Capablanca, and Vasily Smyslov, rather than the tactical style of Alexande
r Alekhine, Mikhail Tal, and himself.[154] According to Carlsen, however, he doe
s not have any preferences in playing style.[85] Kasparov said in 2013 that "Car
lsen is a combination of Karpov [and] Fischer. He gets his positions [and] then
never lets go of that bulldog bite. Exhausting for opponents."[155] Carlsen has

also stated that he follows in the traditions of Karpov and Fischer, but also me
ntions Reuben Fine as a player who "was doing in chess similar to what I am doin
g."[156] Anand has said of Carlsen: "The majority of ideas occur to him absolute
ly naturally. He's also very flexible, he knows all the structures and he can pl
ay almost any position. ... Magnus can literally do almost everything."[157] Kas
parov expressed similar sentiments: "[Carlsen] has the ability to correctly eval
uate any position, which only Karpov could boast of before him."[158] In a 2012
interview, Vladimir Kramnik attributed much of Carlsen's success against other t
op players to his "excellent physical shape" and his ability to avoid "psycholog
ical lapses", which enables him to maintain a high standard of play over long ga
mes and at the end of tournaments, when the energy levels of others have dropped
Carlsen's endgame prowess has been described as among the greatest in history.[1
60][161][162][163] Jon Speelman, analysing several of Carlsen's endgames from th
e 2012 London Classic (in particular, his wins against McShane, Aronian, and Ada
ms), described what he calls the "Carlsen effect":
... through the combined force of his skill and no less important his reputa
tion, he drives his opponents into errors. ... He plays on for ever, calmly, met
hodically and, perhaps most importantly of all, without fear: calculating superb
ly, with very few outright mistakes and a good proportion of the "very best" mov
es. This makes him a monster and makes many opponents wilt.[164]
Rating achievements
In the January 2006 FIDE list, at the age of 15 years, 32 days, he attained a 26
25 Elo rating, which made Carlsen the youngest person to break the 2600 Elo barr
ier (the record has since been broken by Wei Yi at the age of 14 years, four mon
ths, and 30 days).[165] In the July 2007 FIDE list, at the age of 16 years, 213
days, Carlsen attained a 2710 Elo rating, which made him the youngest person to
break the 2700 Elo barrier.[166] On 5 September 2008, after winning round 4 in t
he Bilbao Grand Slam chess championship, Carlsen, just 17 years, 280 days old, b
riefly became No. 1 on the unofficial live ratings list.[167][168] Carlsen's Sep
tember October 2009 victory in the Nanjing Pearl tournament raised his FIDE rating
to 2801, making him at age 18 years, 336 days, the youngest player ever to brea
k 2800.[70] The youngest before him was Vladimir Kramnik at age 25.[169] Before
Carlsen, only Kasparov, Topalov, Kramnik, and Anand had achieved a 2800+ rating.
[170] After the Tal Memorial (November 2009) he became No. 1 on the unofficial l
ive chess rating list with his new peak rating of 2805.7, 0.6 point over the No.
2 ranked player, Veselin Topalov.[171]
The FIDE rankings from January 2010, which took into account the 16 games played
at the Tal Memorial and the London Chess Classic, were enough to raise Carlsen'
s rating to 2810.[172] This meant that Carlsen started 2010 by being, at the age
of 19 years, 32 days, the youngest ever world No. 1, and also the first player
from a Western nation to reach the top of the FIDE rating list since Bobby Fisch
er in 1971.[173][174] The press coverage of this feat included an interview and
article in Time magazine.[80][175]
The March 2010 FIDE rating list showed Carlsen with a new peak rating of 2813, a
figure that only Kasparov had bettered at that time.[83] On the January 2013 FI
DE rating list, Carlsen reached 2861, thus surpassing Garry Kasparov's 2851 reco
rd from July 1999.[117][118]
Standings on top 100 FIDE lists
Carlsen's Elo rating evolution since 2001
Rating list
Rating Games Change World ranking Age
January 2006
15 years, 1 month
April 2006
15 years, 4 months

July 2006
October 2006
January 2007
April 2007
July 2007
October 2007
January 2008
April 2008
July 2008
October 2008
January 2009
April 2009
July 2009
September 2009
November 2009
January 2010
March 2010
May 2010
July 2010
September 2010
November 2010
January 2011
March 2011
May 2011
July 2011
September 2011
November 2011
January 2012
March 2012
May 2012
July 2012
August 2012
September 2012
October 2012
November 2012
December 2012
January 2013
February 2013
March 2013
April 2013
May 2013
June 2013
July 2013
August 2013
September 2013
October 2013
November 2013
December 2013
January 2014
February 2014
March 2014
April 2014
May 2014
June 2014
July 2014
August 2014
September 2014
October 2014







Rating in bold signifies new rating/ranking peak

7 months
10 months
1 month
4 months
7 months
10 months
1 month
4 months
7 months
10 months
1 month
4 months
7 months
9 months
11 months
1 month
3 months
5 months
7 months
9 months
11 months
1 month
3 months
5 months
7 months
9 months
11 months
1 month
3 months
5 months
7 months
8 months
9 months
10 months
11 months
1 month
2 months
3 months
4 months
5 months
6 months
7 months
8 months
9 months
10 months
11 months
1 month
2 months
3 months
4 months
5 months
6 months
7 months
8 months
9 months
10 months

Head-to-head record versus selected grandmasters

(Rapid, blitz and blindfold games not included; listed as +wins -losses =draws a
s of 23 November 2014.)[176]
Players who have been World Champion in boldface
Michael Adams +7-1=4
Evgeny Alekseev +0-2=7
Viswanathan Anand +9-7=35
Levon Aronian +10-4=28
tienne Bacrot +3-0=7
Ferenc Berkes +0-1=0
Lzaro Bruzn +1-1=1
Fabiano Caruana +5-4=7
Leinier Domnguez +5-0=5
Vugar Gashimov +1-0=3
Boris Gelfand +5-1=9
Anish Giri +0-1=5
Alexander Grischuk +2-0=8
Wang Hao +3-2=1
Pentala Harikrishna +1-1=2
Vassily Ivanchuk +8-3=14
Dmitry Jakovenko +4-0=2
Baadur Jobava +1-2=2
Gata Kamsky +3-2=6
Sergey Karjakin +3-1=14
Vladimir Kramnik +4-4=13
Peter Leko +2-3=10
Vladimir Malakhov +0-0=4
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov +3-1=6
Luke McShane +3-1=3
Alexander Morozevich +3-0=8
Sergei Movsesian +0-1=2
Arkadij Naiditsch +3-1=7
Hikaru Nakamura +11-0=16
David Navara +1-1=3
Ian Nepomniachtchi +0-3=1
Judit Polgr +2-0=1
Ruslan Ponomariov +2-1=3
Teimour Radjabov +8-2=18
Krishnan Sasikiran +0-0=3
Alexei Shirov +6-2=8
Nigel Short +2-0=3
Sanan Sjugirov +0-1=0
Peter Svidler +1-2=10
Evgeny Tomashevsky +0-0=1
Veselin Topalov +8-3=8
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave +2-1=4
Loek van Wely +5-2=5
Andrei Volokitin +0-4=2
[show]Sortable record list
Notable games
All links in this section lead to an external site.
Carlsen Garry Kasparov, Reykjavk Rapid (2004), Queen's Gambit Declined: Cambrid
ge Springs Variation (D52), At the age of just 13 years, Carlsen had serious winni
ng chances in a rapid game against Garry Kasparov,[21] ranked No. 1 in the world

at that time,[177] and considered by many to be the greatest chess player of al

l time.[178]
Carlsen Veselin Topalov, M-Tel Masters (2009), Semi-Slav Defense: General (D43
), 1 0 This was Carlsen's first win against a 2800+ player.[179]
Carlsen Boris Gelfand, Tal Memorial (2011), Slav Defense: Quiet Variation. Sch
allopp Defense (D12), 1 0 The No. 1 Israeli player and future World Championship c
hallenger creates a seemingly decisive rook invasion into White's back rank, but
Carlsen vanquishes his threats. Carlsen called it "one of the most interesting
games I have played in recent times".[180]
Carlsen Hikaru Nakamura, London Chess Classic (2011), Italian Game: Classical
Variation. Giuoco Pianissimo (C53), 1 0 Facing the No. 1 American player, Carlsen
demolishes Black's pawn structure.
Carlsen Viswanathan Anand, Bilbao Masters (2012), Sicilian Defense: Canal Atta
ck. Main Line (B52), 1 0 Playing against the then World Champion in a game he cons
iders one of the best in his career,[181] Carlsen sacrifices a pawn to leave Bla
ck with a cramped position, leading to his resignation at move 30.
Beyond chess
Carlsen modelled for G-Star Raw's Autumn/Winter 2010 advertising campaign with a
ctress Liv Tyler. The campaign was shot by Dutch film director and photographer
Anton Corbijn.[182] The campaign was coordinated with the RAW World Chess Challe
nge in New York, an event where Carlsen played an online team of global chess pl
ayers who voted on moves suggested by three GMs: Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Hikaru
Nakamura, and Judit Polgr. Carlsen, playing White, won in 43 moves.[183] Film dir
ector J. J. Abrams offered Carlsen a role in the movie Star Trek Into Darkness a
s "a chess player from the future", but he had to decline, unable to get a US wo
rk permit in time for shooting.[184] In 2012, Carlsen was featured in a 60 Minut
es segment,[185] and appeared as a guest on The Colbert Report.[186] He was also
interviewed by Rainn Wilson for SoulPancake.[187] Carlsen was selected as one o
f the "sexiest men of 2013" by Cosmopolitan.[188] In August 2013, Carlsen became
an ambassador for Nordic Semiconductor.[189]
As of 2012, Carlsen is the only active chess professional with a full-time manag
er. Espen Agdestein, brother of Carlsen's former trainer Simen, and a FIDE Maste
r[190] and twice member of the Norwegian team at the Chess Olympiads, began work
ing as an agent for Carlsen in late 2008. His work consisted initially of findin
g sponsors and negotiating media contacts, but since 2011, he has taken over man
agement tasks formerly performed by Carlsen's father Henrik.[191] Carlsen report
edly earned roughly US$1.2 million in 2012, the bulk of which was from sponsorsh
In October 2013, Carlsen started his majority-owned company, Play Magnus AS. Bas
ed in Oslo, Norway, Play Magnus' first product is an iOS app that allows a user
to play a Magnus Carlsen-tuned chess engine at 19 different ages (from ages 5 to
23). The chess engine was created using a database of thousands of Carlsen's re
corded games from the age of 10. Carlsen's goal is to use Play Magnus as a platf
orm to encourage more people to play chess.[193]
In December 2013, Carlsen publicly denied having a form of autism spectrum disor
der in an interview with Norwegian tabloid Verdens Gang, amid persistent specula
tion. He went on to clarify his earlier response in 2008 during a Q&A session wi
th Nettavisen, during which he replied, "yes, isn't it obvious?"[194] He went on
to say that he considers himself to have "normal social skills and to be functi
oning normally."[195]
In February 2014, Carlsen appeared in G-Star Raw's Spring/Summer 2014 campaign a
long with actress and model Lily Cole.[196]
Books and films

Valaker, O; Carlsen, M. (2004). Lr sjakk med Magnus [Learn Chess with Magnus]
. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag. ISBN 978-82-05-33963-7.
The Prince of Chess, a film about Magnus Carlsen (2005). Directed by yvind As
Opedal, Hallgeir (2011). Smarte trekk. Magnus Carlsen: Verdens beste sjakksp
iller [Smart Moves. Magnus Carlsen: The World's Best Chess Player]. Kagge. ISBN
Mikhalchishin, Adrian; Stetsko, Oleg. (2012). Fighting Chess with Magnus Car
lsen (Progress in Chess). Edition Olms. ISBN 978-3-283-01020-1.
Crouch, Colin (2013). Magnus Force: How Carlsen Beat Kasparov's Record. Ever
yman Chess. ISBN 978-1-78194-133-1.
Kotronias, Vassilios & Logothetis, Sotiris (2013). Carlsen's assault on the
throne. Quality Chess. ISBN 978-1-906552-22-0.
Agdestein (2014), p. 36
Danielsen, Arne (2010). Mesteren. Magnus Carlsen og sjakkspillet (in Norwegi
an). Oslo: Cappelen Damm. p. 27. ISBN 978-82-02-33754-4.
Agdestein (2004), p. 10.
Max, D.T. (21 March 2011). "The prince's gambit: A chess star emerges for th
e post-computer age". The New Yorker. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
"Just checking". New In Chess (7): 106. 2006.
Agdestein, Simen (2014). Hvordan Magnus Carlsen ble verdensmester. Oslo: NKI
forlaget. p. 23.
Agdestein, Simen (2014). Hvordan Magnus Carlsen ble verdensmester. Oslo: NKI
forlaget. p. 14.
Agdestein (2004), p. 14.
McClain, Dylan Loeb (2009). "Magnus Carlsen, chess prodigy from Norway". The
New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
Agdestein (2004), pp. 16 18; 26.
Agdestein (2004), pp. 78 79.
Agdestein (2014), p. 17
Agdestein (2004), p. 80.
Agdestein (2004), p. 190.
Agdestein (2004), p. 104.
"European Youth Championship Boys
U14". Chess-Results.com. 22 November 2003.
Retrieved 5 January 2013.
Carlsen, Magnus (2004). "Magnificent Magnus". New In Chess (2): 48 51.
Corus Chess 2004: Report of round 12 CCT 2004: Hiccup for Anand
Carlsen Supr
eme. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
Agdestein, Simen (2006). "On the Road". New In Chess (4): 17 21.
Berntsen, Mathias (27 January 2004). "The Mozart of Chess: Mega Magnus in Wi
jk aan Zee". ChessBase News. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Boy meets Beast in Reykjavik". ChessBase News. 19 March 2004. Retrieved 3 J
anuary 2013.
"Magnificent Magnus, the world's youngest grandmaster". ChessBase News. 30 A
pril 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
Kumar, Vijay (5 July 2006). "Parimarjan Negi, India's youngest ever grandmas
ter". ChessBase News. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
"FIDE WCC R1: Youngest and oldest falter". ChessBase News. 20 April 2004. Re
trieved 3 January 2013.
"stenstad slo ut Magnus Carlsen i sjakk-NM" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten.com.
5 September 2004. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
"Top 100 Players October 2004 Archive". FIDE. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Smartfish sensation: Carlsen defeats Shirov". ChessBase News. 4 January 200
5. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"World Champion Vishy Anand!". ChessBase News. 2 November 2003. Retrieved 21
August 2013.
"Kasimdzhanov and Anand win 3:1, 3:1". ChessBase News. 11 June 2005. Retriev

ed 3 January 2013.
Valaker, Ole (9 November 2005). "Deilig vinne". Nettavisen (in Norwegian). R
etrieved 4 January 2013.
"Bareev defeats Carlsen, Bacrot KO's Lautier". ChessBase News. 9 December 20
05. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Khanty-Mansiysk: The prodigies are through". ChessBase News. 15 December 20
05. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
Svensen, Tarjei J. (20 October 2005). "14-year-old Carlsen with 2792 perform
ance". ChessBase News. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
Geuzendam, Dirk Jan ten (2006). "Motylev and Magnus move up". New In Chess (
2): 42 49.
"Magnus Carlsen: age 15, performance 2700". 19 May 2006. Retrieved 3 June 20
"Carlsen falters, shares victory with Agdestein". ChessBase News. 16 July 20
06. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Magnus Carlsen, 15, Norwegian Chess Champion". ChessBase News. 21 September
2006. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
Nafn. "Skksamband slands Glitnir blitz 2006". Skaksamband.is. Retrieved 3 Janu
ary 2010.
Nafn. "Skksamband slands Results". Skaksamband.is. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
"37th Chess Olympiad 2006 general. Schachserver der Wiener Zeitung (Austria)
". Schach.wienerzeitung.at. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Shipov wins Midnight Sun, Carlsen second". ChessBase News. 3 July 2006. Ret
rieved 3 January 2013.
"The remarkable Alexander Morozevich wins Biel". ChessBase News. 4 August 20
06. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"The NH Chess Tournament". Nhchess.quinsy.net. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
Liss, Erik (12 September 2006). "Grischuk wins FIDE World Blitz Championship
". ChessBase News. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Teimour Radjabov wins Cap d'Agde". ChessBase News. 3 November 2006. Retriev
ed 3 January 2013.
"Tal-Mem Blitz: Anand wins with two point lead". ChessBase News. 19 November
2006. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
Geuzendam, Dirk Jan ten (2007). "Three cheers for Aronian, Radjabov and Topa
lov". New In Chess (2): 10 47.
"Linares R14: Anand wins Morelia/Linares by a full point". ChessBase News. 1
0 March 2007. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
"Blindfold king Kramnik wins 16th Amber Tournament". ChessBase News. 30 Marc
h 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
Geuzendam, Dirk Jan ten (2007). "A Whiff of the Golden Age". New In Chess (5
): 22 53.
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External links
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Edward Winter's "Books about Leading Modern Chessplayers" (Chess Notes Featu
re Article)
Watch this: Bill Gates quickly falls to world's best chess player | The Verg
e The Verge (24 January 2014)
Preceded by
Viswanathan Anand
World Chess Champion
2013 present
Preceded by
Leinier Domnguez
Le Quang Liem World Blitz Chess Champion

Succeeded by
Levon Aronian
Preceded by
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov World Rapid Chess Champion
2014 present
Preceded by
Veselin Topalov
Viswanathan Anand
Viswanathan Anand
World No. 1
1 January 2010
31 October 2010
1 January 2011 28 February 2011
1 July 2011
present Succeeded by
Viswanathan Anand
Viswanathan Anand
Preceded by
Tora Berger
Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year
Succeeded by
World Chess Championships
Authority control
VIAF: 172684110
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BIBSYS: x03006664
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