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Matt Uren

BMETC

Introduction to Engineering Science

Solving problems in mechanics and in electrical circuits Course


work.

1. In the table below, for each quantity insert the conventional symbol, the SI unit
of measurement and the symbol for that unit.

Physical
Quantity
Distance
Force
Acceleration

Conventional
Symbol
S
F
A

Volume
Mass
Length
Weight
Energy
Work
Pressure
Current
Resistance
Electromotive
Force

V
M
L
W
E
W
P
A
R
EMF

SI Unit of
Measurement
Metre
Newton
Metres per second
squared
Metres cubed
Kilogram
Millimetre
Kilogram
Joule
Joule
Pascal
Amps
Ohms
Volts

Unit
Symbol
m
n
m/s2
m3
KG
mm
KG
J
J
Pa
I

2. Alongside each case below state a suitable physical quantity


corresponding to the units and write the number in the standard
format, using an appropriate symbol and prefix, assuming trailing
zeros are not significant:
47,210 Newtons 47.21 KN (Kilo Newtons)
56,500 Newtons per metre squared 56.5 KN/m2 (Kilo Newtons per Metre
squared)
2,500,000 Watts 2.5 MW (Megawatts)
0.0008 Kilometres 0.8 M (Metres)
756 microseconds 0.000756 s (Seconds)
Twenty-five thousand volts 25 KV (Kilovolts)

3. Convert the following values into the units shown and enter the
results below.

250cm into m: 0.25 metres.


0.036 m2 into mm2: 36mm2
45 km/hr into m/s: 12.5 m/s
75 miles/hr into m/s: 33.528 m/s
22.5 m/s into km/hr: 81 km/hr
0.370 cm2 into mm2: 37 mm2
2.75 m2 into cm2: 2750 cm2
1.26 tonnes into kg: 1260 kg
350kg into Newtons: 3432.328 n
0.045 V into Mv: 45 Mv
1350 mA into A: 1.35 A

4. A horizontal beam 4.8m long of mass 18kg is supported by pillars 0.2m


from each end. There is a man of mass 85kg standing 1.7m from one
end of the beam. Overleaf draw a diagram showing the forces acting
on the beam in this equilibrium condition. Calculate the magnitudes of
the loads carried by each support.

4.8m
1.5m
85KG
MASS 18 KG
0.2m

4.4m

0.2m

(1.7 x 85) + (2.4 x 18) = 4.8RB 187.7/4.8 = RB = 39.1KG


103 39.1 = RA = 63.9KG

5. Define the following:


Energy and work
Energy as a concept is based on any kind of work expended in forms such as
mechanically driven water pumps, electrically powered motors and even
the kinetic energy of a moving object. For example if an object is on the
edge of a raised platform, it has gravitational potential energy from the
possibility of it falling off the edge of the platform, if the object falls off the
conditions in this scenario which define its vector and velocity, are the
objects mass, any initial velocity causing it to fall and gravity. Additionally
any potential energy it loses whilst falling is equally gained in kinetic energy.
The unit of measurement for energy is the joule.
Work can be defined as the outcome of any force acting upon another
physical entity. For example if a force of substantial mass and acceleration
hits an object, and this causes to object to move or react, the work is the
reaction of the object due to the forces action upon it. This can also be
related to Newtons third law (Every action has an equal and opposite
reaction). The reaction of the object is affected by the work done unto it by
the forces action. Work like Energy is also measured in joules.
Force and Mass
Force is the resultant value of a mass accelerating. Every physical body with
mass will generate force when it accelerates; this force is then carried with
the physical body until it encounters another object, in which case the force
is then exerted onto the second object and then equally rebounded. The
formula for working out the force of a moving object is force = mass
multiplied by the acceleration as described by Newtons second law . The
unit of measurement for force is the newton, named after the scientist
whose theories advanced our understanding of mechanical physics and
motion.