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# List of mathematical symbols

## List of mathematical symbols

Some Basic Mathematical Symbols
Please note that many of these symbols may have alternate meanings and may also differ from those used in
computer science.
Symbol

<
>

Name

Meaning

Example

equality

equals, is equal to

thing.

2+3=5

definition

is defined as

(a-b)2a2+2ab+b2

approximately
equal

is approximately
equal to

## If xy, x and y are almost equal.

21.41

inequation

does not equal, is not If xy, x and y do not represent the same
equal to
value or thing.

1+13

strict
inequality

is less than

4<5

is greater than

3>2

1999999999

889798080.001

to

## If xy, x is less than or equal to y.

56 and 55

is greater than or
equal to

## If xy, x is greater than or equal to y.

21 and 22

proportionality

is proportional to

plus

2+3=5

[subtraction]

minus

## x-y is the subtraction of y from x

5-3=2

multiplication

times

xy is the multiplication of x by y

45=20

xy is the multiplication of x by y

45=20

inequality

division

divided by

20/4=5
plus-minus

plus or minus

minus-plus

minus or plus

6(13)=2 or 4

square root

square root

4=2 or -2

summation

to of, sigma

multiplication

factorial

factorial

5!=12345=120

material
implication

implies

## AB means that if A is true, B must also

be true, but if A is false, B is unknown.

## x=3x2=9, but x2=9x=3 is false, because x

could also be -3.

material
equivalence

if and only if

## If A is true, B is true and if A is false, B is

false.

x=y+1x-1=y

absolute value

absolute value of

## |x| is the distance along the real line (or

across the complex plane) between x and
zero

||

parallel

is parallel to

## If A||B then A and B are parallel

perpendicular

is perpendicular to

If AB then A is perpendicular to B

congruence

is congruent to

## If AB then shape A is congruent to shape

B (has the same measurements)

golden ratio

golden ratio

## The golden ratio is an irrational number

equal to (1+5)2 or approximately
1.6180339887.

{,}

infinity

infinity

number.

set membership

is an element of

## aS means that a is an element of the set S

is not an element of

S

the set of

||

x
x

Set brackets

product over
from to of

## is the same as x1x2x3xk

=12345=120

3.5, 1, 1+i

={1,2,3,4,5}

Natural numbers N

## denotes the set of natural

numbers(1,2,3,4,5...)

Integers

## denotes the set of integers

(-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3...)

Rational
numbers

## denotes the set of rational numbers

(numbers that can be written as a fraction
a/b where a, b)

8.323, 7,

Real numbers

, 7, (-1)

Complex
numbers

(-1)

Mean

bar, overbar

complex
conjugate

the complex
conjugate of x

## Article Sources and Contributors

List of mathematical symbols Source: http://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=4482291 Contributors: Auntof6, Creol, Da Punk '08, Exert, Gesslein, JurgenG, Larry.europe,
MHSHHHsimpleEnglish, Special+Utilizator+\$, 7 anonymous edits