2 9 1 2 W ~ ~ a tSupply Buildilxg Washl'tzgf~ra cr Aquajrdgcx Cwvrtr~I ~ t House (1850s) G e

h brre nnid-1858s tkc Digt~ctof Calmzbia dmided to tap the waters above Cre& Falls for suppfemet~tsalwater ~sugply,Great Falls 'Savem beem~ethe caller af canslructioo ac;;livity.. Tempor;;?trry oEces a ~ chousing wme built jracxby, and workers benefitted from the tavern facilities, ] Consmcted naflhsast of the tavern, thc pemancxrt control building was Ra origin o f ;;ut aqueduct, fe
The Watcr Supply Building is an mZy example:oESeca~ldl Eazpire style grchitecture in the Comty. The most prcrminmt feature of ~e high, one-stay building is a slate ~ouered masrswd toof. The structure:is o f rnf7~~si~a$ed s a ~ d s t o ~ ~ e chma~tegstic: color, Seneca of3 , red lhm and comer quuiw ofmaoth cut stone,

The building was dasn'gafesf a National PIisrcvhc h d m x k in 1975. The buitdiag wid ebc p o p ~ y on which it sits are under tfrt~ ccirntrof of the U.S. Amy Corps of Engin=%;;.

Approid and Adupled, ;ipt%i2#02

251""f Swain's Lack House ( ~ 1 8 lid 890s) md bc=k#2l (1831") 3 Sw&xl? Lock Road
Swajnk Lock E~ouse note-uvofiy as one of tba iwgcs8 of the cmd lock homes, md for its. is canstruction of ove~slze sandstofie blocks. h~ a devata^ti13gflood sf 1889, the r-rorth, ups&z*ean d a wall ofthe original 1531 I O G house was swept away, AiIamard, the I O C & ~ U Swas repairecf and ~ ~ expanded ta its present agpexmce, The addition has the smc: massing mthe arl@nalblack but with amain Boos revel one &or IQ\IYCC, The originrzl chinlrncy w a e~xd r f; nnd anather ehinlney built ar e She downstrem f south) side.

The lock is naned for Jess Swain, Iock-keeper in the early 19QQs, Swain hid fomerly bem a canal boatmm, md his f&fkter9 Joha Sw&n, had helped in the excav~ti0~1 cons&uctiormof the e d . rind Lock #21, completed in $fie S p k g of 1 $3 1, has a typieai ~ons~cti0110fSen9~8 sandstone, but with a pebble finish. Maztst face stancs are rssiginal wit11 minw pateftin8 of concrete, With its eight foot iifi-%, is built with mrxsomaay culvert around tkgger lock g @ canerclIled by cast iron wicket the lock &, gates*The velzj;cularbridge acrosg the lock wdls just belaw the upper gate pocket is modem, wixh no lrnowrt ofiginal cawtcpasc, Upper and lawcr lock gate6 were built grtd i ~ ~ t a l l by the Paatiz-ionat ed Park $mice.

Chcsapcakc & Ohio ('a~~al Resources

25115

Bemyfield Lock H o w (1X30), Penayfield House (1 $"k"), and Lock R22 (1 831) Pennyfield Lock Road

Pea~yfield Lack is lcglawn lacally m the fa\gorite destination for President Graver Clevelmd (GI 885f 888) who stayed n% bo;lrdin&ouse here when he went on AsGng excurgiaas, The emlies8stmctura n on site i s the Penrzyfield Lock Wause, built ~3.830. Cso8tmzncred sf rota&ly coursed g&y=gr:seen shale, the lock house faturetes door and window lirztels and sills of Seneca sandstone. The building f o m is sa typical il M story stone 3ask house with a full basewhxcnt, Flush exte~or h i n r ~ e y c stmd at both gable a~cls. original wood shi-ringlcroof has been r e p l ~ c d metal roofing. The with
The Pennyfield Lock House is tz two story frme resideace simzlaled inlmd from the lock house. Built in 1839, it was the Iwma o f lock-kecpm C&Ihxu"Ies PennyfieEd,The house has the infornal character W. o f a resort building, with its wrq-around porch, stone pier foundation, md frolzt door opening immediately into 21 living room. The Pemyfieid House is cuaeratly in poor condition, A 1aa naaecB profit orgalzizwtion, which hi been awadcct a Ief~tx the NaionaT Park Senrice, plms to is by rebbilitate both srmctures as much as possible,

Vioie~e'sLock, completed in late 1830. is a tnic.al lock of Seneca Freestone. The lock was nised 4.0 inches, pmbably as a result of previous flood damage, with insertion o f bluegray limesiunc, The lower lock gates have been rwlaced by the Park Service with nlodem replicas o f the originals, but there we no upper gates. The velxiculiz bridge, cmssiq znid-lock, is modern,

A timber lock house, once inhabited by Iock-keeper Alfred (Ap) Violette and family. was destroyed in the 1930sby fire. [11i h e late 1BODs, before 11ebecame a lock-keeper, Violettc worked at the Seneca stone-cutting mill and quarry.
315.233 below Dam #2, aisa known as Seneca Dam, feeds wafer into the: ~rulaf tdiatdl~ i enabliflg the opening of the cmai for traffic in the Spring o f 1831 from this point down to Georgetown. 1% wasn't until 1833 chat the next d m was consmrcred, at Harper's Ferry, allowing the a n a l to beconxe operable north of Seneca. Seneca Dam is located to take advantage of several isimds and rock outcropping$.

Chcsitl:cacac-&-Qhi_o-C_ana 1 Reso 11rccg

Mo longer whitewash@$, fmk house offers an oppoxleuszity tu xkmire .the beautiful red color af this the sandata~le~ design is m w d in being built inta the b d along h e canal, with its basement The fully expas&.

John G, Riley was the lock keeper at Lock #24 from 1892 to X 924, His f~ttner, Willim Rilw c m e &om I ~ h m a tteerrager and wurked at the Seneca stone y u q and stone-cutting mill complex, d jwt .one half milt upriver, fohn Riley w a r k d at &tbe quarry like his fgther, until kt@ left to tend lock.
The s&uclusererpresents the: ch;~Ilengc tending canal lacks, T a ywd could not Be fmmd a the .of Ec wall area had 8 0 be: kept gee for lossding and unloading the barges, This Larrmgement proved fa&fy OMS to !be Riley f d l y when three yea old Gaolhe drowned+The Riley family was as selfsufficientas possible. The acre o f lmd around the lock house incfudad a seable, har~hoktse, x~egeale

@den, hog pens, meltdaw for g i n cattle, md fresh-w&er spring, The siSe i s iaterpret& by local ar g @xi scouts with tours md denxans&ations.
Riley's Lsck, begun in 1.829a14 completed late in 183 1 , i s mique dong the cmal as an intern1pat of the djaining Smeca Aquduct, The lock provides tee rise nece hh to carry the barges over the Se~eca Creek via the aqueduct.

24125

Seneca Aqxxduct (1 83 1) Mou& of Seneca Creek

Setteca 1.4 satadstone was used to build numerous cmal structures,including lacks and Xock houses, Of the 1I C&O Cmd ayueduets, however, only the Seneca Ayuedu~twas made of Seaccsa w&tonxe. The only sswce far khe atone wss a quarry Iscaked a haif mile upriver. This aqueduct i s one of the nmst impo4a11tm d h i r e d c a d structwes, If is the mIy aqueduct contiguous to a lack.
F w the cc~n~gle~oua qu~dr;ad Ide 183 1 md %he Sm af the in clasbg o f the cz\n;Rtin f 324, housmds af baats cmrssed this 126 hot long qucduc6 including scows tlc d d sandstone fmm the q h t a k Gmrgetawn. h inttegal part of &a; historic ca1s3 c l s m n ~ ~ @ o of Sexma, tke qweduct wa used by ss resirlens sxdqumy warkzen a cross Se11eca Creek a i d w a prawted by Union ghsons: d ~ n the a g Civil War. h the 1 8 7 0 the quecluct w a paially cfimmtld md rebuilt. ~~
The aqueduct pmvlda reminders sf the pedadif: floods endued by local residents and Wdvelers. AB artifact a f a dctrastatiag flood is hand on a substantial stone p s a on the dowmivcr wing w&. ' b e hi&watar mark was cawed the post by J.W, Fisher, dateti ""f.EB8, 2'" A fiaash flood in 1971 Ju caased the uups&cmarch mdpzwer to ccrll8pss. The National Park Service stabif iaed h i s section

wi& steel be~nxs,
On the walls of aqueduct arc! lack ar more thm a dozm gmnnetricaily shaped f l g ~ t ~ amarks 3 e ; n?~ kliekied ts have ideatifid iladiwidwal stone~vorkers, Sonaa;ofthe m a k s may have bmn added more reeentfy. Sectionsof original wou&l iran rsiilitags with a n o w h d 5~iaIs stamive on w i n ~ a I 1 ~ still bath uupstramz arid dawnklrw~,

Mills -

24%

HBlaclc Rock Mill (1815 ) Between 16518 md 1682X Black Rock R a d

Black Rack Miil is a r a e suwisivilag exmtple of the 58 or more water-powered mills that were once vital " Moatgomegy County f m a s and sesidea~ts. wooden undmshot water wheel hamessd the i A water power of Seneca Creek to ghnd wheat md corn, using three sets uf mill stones, m to s;ut d lumber, with a circulm saw blade. The; flsur or grist m X was mainly used foilawing hansests, while X i the ~aw~nill apersltad year romd.. Lumber sawed at Black Rock Mill wtts used to build the Eibe&y Mill, a steam ctpw~tiunin Gem~mlcrwn wt~icitJiroTzlcafly, helped pug B l ~ Rack Mil1 out o f k bushes$,

Built by Thorn= HiIXeaq in 1815-1$3, BIack Rock Mill is comtTzrcted afilacal,uncoursd zzsbblestane 1 with. mdstornc quoins defining cornem. lts name derives h ?local Imdmwk located across na the stream, a large bl5ack sock which was %he namesstke for the o~ginalimfj. grmt in this axe%The mill race was short and the darn was located just 50 feet ipp Smma Creek, Thoug~ h been xnuch it s altered, the miller's house still stmds south of tlre mill. bctxeed il-t Seneca Creek State Parlc, the rmill is leased to M-NCPPC Parks Depamen$ which st&ilized the stmcture ist 1986 md erected intepretive sips.,

24/17

DuFief Mill &cE.tmlogical Site (c1850s) Muddy Branch Park n e t Turkey East Road

The Dts_FiefMill site contains rim physi~at evidence ofa si&ficrmt pre:-Civil War merchant milt. This industrial complex, inguential in the development of the southeastem podion of the comty$ once ia~fL2Ctd flour and mkv mill, rmsilfer's house, blackmli& shop, wzehouse, b m l house*md a a whadrsn the C&0 Canal. A road network was established to afford axes$ to the snilli~mg operations by toea1 f m e r s from the Dmascur;, Gaithersburg, md Gemmoswa anas. The remains of the m E Z i site we *foundan both sides of Turkey Foot Road, ir2 the Muddy Brmcb Regoral Park, Cb the east side a f Turkey Foot R o d m evident woden-beam faotira~ f the mill pond dam md af m o aqu4uc.t that cax?ied $hahead race across the Muddy Branch. Stacks o f f at cut sfcona on aha nearby ba~iks:ae semnbnts of the dm1 algal aqucduet scrucbres, Msst of the head race is still evident, cbwacterized by a wide emthen trou& fla~~ked appsoxirncately four foot hi& berms, by
The mill stmcture WS~S loea2d the we& side o f Turkey Foot Road, in the approximate lacation o f a I&rgemound no& of the Mutl$y Brmch. According eu ~sdrrlition, b m Xocated nearby wm a ~ongmcted with woad salvaged fwrn the miff. The tdi rRe is still clealy evident to the southwat. The mifier? house for the DuFief Wl bas ~ o been desimated a kisgo~c though the extemively Ik k site, mnavated house still ritmds at 14000 "Fckey Foot Road.

Eavirolsmen%l Seeling: E~carnpmetj lirrzit~ the siea, iarcluding the Following feipgures: mill the of pond site, stone and woad footings of the mill pond d m , head race, stone and wood fa~eastings of aqueduct, tail rage, and mill site e o . The stablilllg bmx is also ineluded i12 the e~viroimenhl md settkg.

Montmverde is a impal.tmt resourGe for its association with Major Gmrge Peke& a;xl influenti81 x figure in both nailiti~syar~dpafitica1 spheres. h addition, t31e early 19th ceul$uq house iis m~hitectural sipificant for its outsraslding it~te@tym l rmateworthy detds. George Peter was lly c qpoirzted Second Lleute1~m.L. the 9th Infmtrgi, i.82 1799, by President $ o h Adams, r ~ e i v h his in g con~xission &om George Washington 8 Mt, Vernon, Serving in &.re M i s s o Te~itory%wae; said 1 ~ R e to have fired the first saJuk upon the return o f the Lewis md Ciwk expedition, He w s wsiped to a watch the moveme~xtg Awoa Burr, sewing later zs witnas at BW'S trial, ill 1807. We was made of a captain in the AstitJay and then promotcct i n 1808 to major,
This cst;\t.c was esbbli&ed by Peter b&ween J 866 and 1812 8s a summar resost, with the JAehmce of a sizeable fofiuse from Es pranxinent father, Robert Peter, first mgyo1- ofG~org~$own. this x i Wi& fofiarac and a IXEW bride, in 1809, Peter rcsigned f ~ a m distinpishd m i l i t q G C W ~ C Cmd began a well-zacclair'nd political career. Over the following fi&y pass, Peter served i~ the U.S, both Congms and the Maugrtmd Generat Assembly,

h fir; 1tiZOs, Major Peter bwamc a pemralen?tMontgamq Couazlty resident, m&itlg Moamwerde his yewround homer, Dur;ing this perid he sewed as the County defegde to the fimt two smiom aftbe C&Cr Canal Convention, Peter held w wall-documented political rally a% Monimverde iw 1818 that W ~ attended by f i e s h 2 m Congessmrwt Abr&xm Liacoln, LIa~crolnstayed ovami&t at the S house: in the west-wing room still seferprd to toas the Lincoln Room,

The Fcderai style house is mmafksbfehies high level o f mhitectwitl inte~tyE"Sotewo&y debils typical of this era include half-round molding &at kames six-avm-six sash windows, a & e light r m s o m over the h a t door, md exterior brick chiunaey. $sveca;ld with cE;lpl>aadsiding, the h 0 u s is said to be of brick cansmction, possibly haXEtimbep.ing with brick nogdng, a twhique mt u n m ~ m o n this era, This five bay h o u s ~ center hit11 plm i s a goad a m p l e of the building in with type h o w a an 1-house, being two stories fall and one roam deep,

Envliromefital Seaing:Pme1 P304 (approximately 13 acres),The pmperty is subject to subciivisian m the setting could be raducad in tke future uudider the. Rum1 (five-aem b t ) zoning, NcrEewofihy B f ~ u r eto be retainad in the envircsmental setting include the winding, ~ce-lined ~. Ctrlveway md m b r e l ruof b m .

Apprnvd and Adqfesj: ~iprii Z@2

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