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# JR. GENIUS EDUCATIONAL SERVICES INC.

Mock Exam
Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation (SPH3U)

Duration 3 hours
Non-Programmable calculator allowed
Answer all questions on the question paper
Use blank side of the sheets for rough work, if needed.

Date :

Name:

Section
Knowledge

Total Marks
25

Communication

25

Application

25

Problem solving

25

Total

100

Good Luck!

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## Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation (SPH3U)

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Knowledge
1. A cable on an elevator exerts a 6 KN upward force. The downward force of gravity on the elevator is 4
KN. The elevator could be
(a) moving upward with a constant speed
(b) moving downward with a decreasing speed
(c) moving upward with a decreasing speed
(d) moving downward with increasing speed
(e) moving upward with an increasing speed
2. Work is not energy itself, but rather
(a) its a form of kinetic energy
(b) its a form of gravitational potential energy
(c) its a force
(d) its a transfer of mechanical energy
(e) its a result of parallel forces
3. At midnight, you walk outside. The temperature of the air has been exactly 12C for several hours.
You touch a metal fence post, a block of wood and some snow. Apply the concept of thermal equilibrium
to identify the correct statement.
(a) the fence post has the lowest temperature
(b) The brick will have the highest temperature
(c) The fence post, the block of wood and the snow will all be at a temperature of 12C.
(d) The process of thermal equilibrium causes cold to flow from objects with low specific heat
capacities.
(e) Determining which object will have the lowest temperature is impossible without knowing the
specific heat capacities.
4. The period of a pendulum oscillating in periodic motion is
(a) the time of complete one cycle.
(b) The position the pendulum assumes when allowed to hand freely
(c) One complete repeat of the pattern
(d) The number of cycles completed in a specific time interval
(e) The amplitude of the pendulum divided by its velocity
5. Pleasant-sounding combinations of notes are said to
(a) be in dissonance with each other
(b) be in consonance with each other
(c) interfere destructively
(d) interfere constructively
(e) produce harmonic structure
6. The focal length of a double convex lens is 6cm. If an object is placed 10 cm from the optical center of
the lens, the characteristics of the image formed are
(a) real, inverted and larger
(b) real, inverted and smaller
(c) real, upright and larger
(d) virtual, upright and larger
(e) virtual, inverted and smaller
7. To rectify the defect of farsightedness in the human eye, the eyeglasses must use
(a) plano-convex lenses
(b) diverging lenses
(c) converging lenses

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(d) double convex lenses
(e) bifocal lenses
8. Which of the following statements is NOT true for the back emf in a motor:
(a) The back emf depends on the internal resistance of the armature coil
(b) The back emf must always be less than the supplied emf
(c) The back emf exists whenever the motor is running
(d) The back emf increases with the speed of the motor
(e) Two of the above are not true.
9. Potential difference is a measure of:
(a) the energy available to a current
(b) the energy lost when a current passes through a load
(c) the energy per unit of time
(d) the energy available to a unit of charge
(e) The amount of available energy
10. The inertia of an object is most closely related to its:
(a) density
(b) mass
(c) position
(d) shape
(e) volume
11. Which of the following is not an example of doing work:
(a) holding a salami on ones head
(b) pushing a truck 500 m on a level road
(c) plating the accordion
(d) coasting to a stop on ice skates
(e) walking down the street to your neighbors house
12. The purpose of Galileos thought experiment was to show that an object released on a frictionless ramp:
(a) returns to the same height on another identical ramp
(b) travels a shorter distance to reach the same height on a steeper ramp
(c) travels a longer distance to reach the same height on another identical ramp
(d) has a velocity of zero at the same height on another identical ramp
(e) travels at a constant velocity on the level if the unbalanced force is zero
13. How many significant digits does the measurement 0.00120 cm have?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
(e) 5
14. How is vector quantity difference from a scalar quantity? A vector quantity has
(a) a unit, but scalar quantity does not.
(b) A direction, but a scalar quantity does not
(c) A number, but a scalar quantity does not
(d) A magnitude, but a scalar quantity does not
(e) Size, but a scalar quantity does not
15. Acceleration is always in the direction
(a) of the displacement
(b) of the initial velocity

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(c) of the net force
(d) opposite to the frictional force
(e) of the final velocity
16. Select a situation in which the resultant of all forces acting on the described object is zero
(a) A bullet is in motion, having been fired horizontally towards a target 10 m away
(b) A rock has been thrown into the air with an initial velocity of 5m/s.
(c) A rock at the end of a cord is swung in a horizontal circle at a constant speed of 10m/s.
(d) A hot air balloon descend directly downward with a constant velocity of 5.0 m/s.
(e) A pendulum swings back and forth at a constant frequency
17. A spaceship is at a distance D from the earth. Let F represent the gravitational force acting on it at this
point. The spaceship has increased its distance from the earth to 3D. The gravitational force at this point
is
(a) F/9
(b) F/3
(c) F
(d) 3F
(e) 9F
18. When light travels from air to glass, it:
(a) bends toward the normal without changing speed
(b) bends toward the normal and speeds up
(c) bends away from the normal and slows down
(d) bends towards the normal and slows down
(e) bends away from the normal and speeds up
19. A large mass (m) released from a height (h) above the ground. It reaches the ground (t) seconds after
being released. Select the correct statement concerning the mechanical energy of the mass (m) during the
time interval (t)
(a) the potential energy remains constant
(b) the kinetic energy remains constant
(c) the sum of the potential and kinetic
(d) The kinetic energy is equal to the potential energy during the motion
(e) The kinetic energy decreases as the mass approaches the ground
20.
For the following questions (21 to 30), please answer True or False. (0.5 marks each)
At any one location, all objects, no matter how massive, fall with the same acceleration if air
21.
resistance is ignored.
22.

The downstream velocity of a river that flows north has no effect on a boats westward velocity.

23.

## Doing work on an object does not change the objects energy.

24.

deficiency is a ratio of useful work input compared to the amount of work output.

25.

When two waves interact to produce destructive interference, there is a net loss of energy.

When the source of a sounds moves toward a stationary observer, the apparent pitch of the sound
26.
seems to be lower than the actual pitch of the source.

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27.
For any given angle of incidence greater than zero, the lateral displacement produced by a
rectangular prism decreases as the index of refraction increases.
28.
Chromatic aberration results because the focal length for red light is less than the focal length for
violet light.
29.
When a generator is being used to power a light bulb, increasing the power output (wattage) of the
light bulb causes the generator to produce a greater emf.
30.
A circuit has a single load connected to a battery. If a second load is connected in parallel to the
first load, the equivalent resistance of the circuit must decrease.
Communication
31. A jet ski moving at 30km/h on water can make a 90 turn in a very short distance, while a supertanker
moving with the same velocity needs a distance of up to 20 km to turn through the same angle. Explain
this phenomenon in terms of Newtons First Law. (4 marks)

32. Design a tree diagram to illustrate the relationships between work, kinetic and potential energy and
related variables for each of the following cases. (6 marks)
(a) a high jumper converts kinetic energy and work into height (or potential energy).
(b) A curler causes a curling stone that starts at rest to slide down the rink, eventually stopping.
(c) A grocery store employee restocks canned goods onto a top shelf.

33. High frequency and low frequency sounds behave differently. High frequency sounds diffract (bend)
less around obstacles than lower frequency sounds. Describe why this characteristic makes it beneficial to
put high frequency sirens on emergency vehicles and low frequency horns on boats. (5 marks)

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34. The image formed on the retina of the eye, like all real images, is inverted. Discuss why the world does
not look inverted to you. (4 marks)

35. Draw a labeled diagram to show the reflection of three rats of light that are traveling parallel to the
principal axis of (6 marks)
(a) a concave mirror surface
(b) a convex mirror surface.

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39. While electric forces seem to require the existence of electric charges, magnetic forces do not require
the existence of magnetic poles. Explain this apparent anomaly. (5 marks)

Application
40. A students school is directly north of her home. While she roller blades to school she accelerates
uniformly from rest to a modest velocity and then maintains this velocity, until she meets a friend half way
to school at which point she stops for a while. She then continues to move at the same constant velocity
until she gets near the school, where she slows uniformly until she stops. (6 marks)
(a) sketch a position-time graph for her motion.
(b) Sketch a velocity-time graph for her motion.

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41. When you stand on your bathroom scale what are you measuring? What will your scale show if you
stand on it in an elevator at the moment when it begins to accelerate up? Down? Why does this occur? (4
marks)

42. Daniel and Ben are racing up a hill. Daniel runs directly up the hill while Ben zigzags to the top,
exactly tripling his total distance as compared to Daniel. They both reach the tope of the hill at the same
time. (6 marks)
(a) who did the most work?
(b) Who was required to exert the most force?
(c) Who developed the most power?

43. The electric circuit to which a television set is connected is protected by a 15A circuit breaker. If the
power rating of the set is 450 W, how many 100W light bulbs can be operated as well on this circuit

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44. While stargazing with friends, you observe a strange light in the sky. The following list of observations
details information collected by you and your friends.
The light moved from that distant hilltop in the east to the TV tower over there to the west
As the light moved, it seemed to be hovering just above the ground.
As it moved from east to west, it got really bright and then faded again.
It took about 3.0s for it to move from the hilltop to the TV tower.
The hilltop is about 15km from the TV tower.
It moved at a constant speed from point to point, and then stopped instantaneously.
What was the source of this light? Frame the problem using two different methods; incorporates the data
provided and include any other parameters that you feel are relevant. You do not need to reach a solution.
(5 marks)

Problem solving
45. Two boxes are side by side on a frictionless surface. A horizontal force is applied to move both boxes.
(4 marks)
(a) Calculate the acceleration of both boxes.
(b) Determine the force that the 4.0 X 10 kg box applies to the 2.0 X 10 kg box.

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46.
Bob is pilling a box across the floor. Assume that the force of
friction can be ignored and that the acceleration of the box is
1.27m/s2. Find the angle to the horizontal that the man must pull.
(3 marks)

47. A concave mirror has a radius of curvature of 50.0 cm. At what position should an object be placed to
produce an upright virtual image that is 3.0 times as large as the object? (4 marks)

48. This question has three (3) parts. Please complete all three parts. (6 marks)
(a) What is the index of incidence in air is 57, and the angle of refraction is 44?
(b) What is the angle of refraction if the angle of incidence in air is 27, and the index of refraction of
the medium is 2.42?
(c) What is the angle of incident in air if the angle of refraction is 28, and the index of refraction of
the medium is 1.33?

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49. A 45.0 m extension cord is made using 18 gauge copper wire. It is connected to a 120V power supply
to operate a 1.0 X 102 W-120V light bulb. (8 marks)
(a) What is the resistance of the extension cord? (Remember that there are two wires to carry the
current in the cord.)
(b) What is the resistance of the filament in the light bulb?
(c) What is the current through the cord to the light bulb?
(d) What is the actual power output of the light bulb?

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