Earthquake occurred in multistoried building shows that if the structures are not well designed and constructed
with and adequate strength it leads to the complete collapse of the structures. To ensure safety against seismic
forces of multi-storied building hence, there is need to study of seismic analysis to design earthquake resistance
structures. In seismic analysis the response reduction was considered for two cases both Ordinary moment
resisting frame and Special moment resisting frame. The main objective this paper is to study the seismic
analysis of structure for static and dynamic analysis in ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment
resisting frame. Equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are the methods used in structural
seismic analysis. We considered the residential building of G+ 15 storied structure for the seismic analysis and it
is located in zone II. The total structure was analyzed by computer with using STAAD.PRO software. We
observed the response reduction of cases ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment resisting frame
values with deflection diagrams in static and dynamic analysis. The special moment of resisting frame structured
is good in resisting the seismic loads.

© All Rights Reserved

33 visualizações

Earthquake occurred in multistoried building shows that if the structures are not well designed and constructed
with and adequate strength it leads to the complete collapse of the structures. To ensure safety against seismic
forces of multi-storied building hence, there is need to study of seismic analysis to design earthquake resistance
structures. In seismic analysis the response reduction was considered for two cases both Ordinary moment
resisting frame and Special moment resisting frame. The main objective this paper is to study the seismic
analysis of structure for static and dynamic analysis in ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment
resisting frame. Equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are the methods used in structural
seismic analysis. We considered the residential building of G+ 15 storied structure for the seismic analysis and it
is located in zone II. The total structure was analyzed by computer with using STAAD.PRO software. We
observed the response reduction of cases ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment resisting frame
values with deflection diagrams in static and dynamic analysis. The special moment of resisting frame structured
is good in resisting the seismic loads.

© All Rights Reserved

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ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

RESEARCH ARTICLE

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OPEN ACCESS

Case Study

E. Pavan Kumar1, A. Naresh2, M. Nagajyothi3, M. Rajasekhar4

1, 2

3, 4

(Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, Vardhaman College of Engineering (Autonomous), Hyderabad501218)

ABSTRACT

Earthquake occurred in multistoried building shows that if the structures are not well designed and constructed

with and adequate strength it leads to the complete collapse of the structures. To ensure safety against seismic

forces of multi-storied building hence, there is need to study of seismic analysis to design earthquake resistance

structures. In seismic analysis the response reduction was considered for two cases both Ordinary moment

resisting frame and Special moment resisting frame. The main objective this paper is to study the seismic

analysis of structure for static and dynamic analysis in ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment

resisting frame. Equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are the methods used in structural

seismic analysis. We considered the residential building of G+ 15 storied structure for the seismic analysis and it

is located in zone II. The total structure was analyzed by computer with using STAAD.PRO software. We

observed the response reduction of cases ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment resisting frame

values with deflection diagrams in static and dynamic analysis. The special moment of resisting frame structured

is good in resisting the seismic loads.

Keywords Equivalent static analysis, response spectrum analysis, ordinary moment resisting frame, special

moment resisting frame, STAAD.PRO V8i.

I.

INTRODUCTION

scarcity, cost of land. The population explosion and

advent of industrial revolution led to the exodus of

people from villages to urban areas i.e. construction

of multi-storied buildings has become inevitable both

for residential and as well as office purposes. The

high raised structures are not properly designed for

the resistance of lateral forces. It may cause to the

complete failure of the structures. The earthquake

resistance structures are designed based on the some

factors. The factors are natural frequency of the

structure, damping factor, type of foundation,

importance of the building and ductility of the

structure. The structures designed for ductility need

to be designed for less lateral loads as it has better

moment distribution qualities. This aspect is taken

care of by response reduction factor R for different

type of structure. For high performance, the building

is designed as an SMRF. It needs to be designed only

for lesser forces than it is designed as an OMRF.

1.1 MOMENT RESISTING FRAME:

The frame whose member and joints resist the

forces primarily caused by flexure is Moment

resisting frame.

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moment resisting frame which are designed without

any special attention towards ductile nature of the

frame are called ordinary moment resisting frames.

1.1.2 Special Moment Resisting Frame: The

moment resisting frame which are designed to have

ductile nature are called as special moment resisting

frames. The design is done according to the

requirements specified in IS-13920.

The earthquake resistant designs of structures are

considering the following magnitudes of a

earthquake.

1.2 Design Basis Earthquake (DBE): The

earthquake whose probability of occurrence is at least

one during the structure design life is called design

basis earthquake.

1.3 Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE):

The earthquake whose expected intensity is

maximum that can occur in a particular area or region

is called maximum considered earthquake. The

maximum values are considered as per code.

The design approach recommended by IS: 1893-2002

is based on the following principles (clause 6.1).

i. The structure should have the strength to

withstand minor earthquakes less than DBE

without any damage.

59 | P a g e

ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

ii. The structure should be able to resist

earthquakes equal to DBE without significant

structural damage though some non-structural

damage may occur.

iii. The structure should withstand an earthquake

equal to MCE without collapse.

II.

METHODS OF ANALYSIS

It is one of the method for calculating the seismic

loads. The high rise structures are not considered for

the design simple static method. In practical as it

does not take into account all the factors that are the

importance of the foundation condition. The

equivalent static analysis is used to design only for

the small structures. In this method only one mode is

considered for each direction. The earthquake

resistant designing for the low rise structures the

equivalent static method is enough. Tall structures

are needed more than two modes and mass weight of

each story to design earthquake resistant loads. This

is not suitable to design those structures and dynamic

analysis method to be used for high rise structures.

2.2 Response Spectrum Analysis: The seismic

forces strikes the foundation of a structure will move

with the ground motion. It shows that structure

movement is generally more than the ground motion.

The movement of the structure as compared to the

ground is refused as the dynamic amplification. It

depends on the natural frequency of vibration,

damping, type of foundation, method of detailing of

the structure. The response design acceleration

spectrum which refers to the max acceleration called

spectral acceleration coefficient Sa/g, as a function of

the structure for a specified damping ratio for

earthquake excitation at the base for a single degree

freedom system.

The revised IS 1893-2002 uses the dynamic analysis

by response spectrum. In this method takes into

account all the five important engineering properties

of the structures.

i. The fundamental natural period of vibration of

the building ( T in seconds)

ii. The damping properties of the structure

iii. Type of foundation provided for the building

iv. Imp0ortance factor of the building

v. The ductility of the structure represented by

response reduction factor.

III.

ZONES IN INDIA

Zone

Seismic coefficient of

1984

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.02

V

IV

III

II

(z of 2002)

0.36

0.24

0.16

0.1

IV.

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plan with y-axis consisted of G+15 floors. The

ground floor and rest of the 15 floor had a height of

3m each. the supports at the base of the structure

were also specified as fixed. The structure was

subjected to self-weight, dead load, live load values

considering by the specifications of IS 875 part-1 and

part-2. The wind load values were generated by

STAAD.PRO considering the given wind intensities

at different heights and strictly abiding by the

specifications of IS 875 part-3. The Seismic load

calculations of Static and Dynamic analysis were

done following IS 1893-2002 part-1.

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60 | P a g e

ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

www.ijera.com

Static Analysis

Axial Force KN

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

3537.0

3916.4

99

1 EQ+X

3339.8

3663.0

162

1 EQ+X

3127.8

3409.7

225

1 EQ+X

2908.8

3156.5

288

1 EQ+X

2685.0

2903.6

Static Analysis

Torsion KNm

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

-0.617

-0.059

99

1 EQ+X

-1.520

-0.059

162

1 EQ+X

-1.587

-0.059

225

1 EQ+X

-1.643

-0.059

288

1 EQ+X

-1.658

-0.058

Static Analysis

Bending moment-Z

KNm

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

148.74

53.143

99

1 EQ+X

100.59

52.919

162

1 EQ+X

85.92

52.592

225

1 EQ+X

84.28

52.094

288

1 EQ+X

84.29

51.357

diplacement

Dynamic Analysis

Axial Force KN

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

3541.9

4148.1

99

1 EQ+X

3336.8

3707.3

162

1 EQ+X

3117.2

3440.5

225

1 EQ+X

2894.1

3177.1

288

1 EQ+X

2669.2

2917.4

Table 6. Torsion in Dynamic Analysis

Dynamic Analysis

Torsion KNm

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

1.090

2.659

99

1 EQ+X

2.484

2.660

162

1 EQ+X

2.238

2.580

225

1 EQ+X

2.535

2.473

288

1 EQ+X

2.633

2.634

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61 | P a g e

ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

www.ijera.com

Dynamic Analysis

Bending moment-Z

KNm

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

154.739

70.313

99

1 EQ+X

102.290

64.390

162

1 EQ+X

75.819

62.310

225

1 EQ+X

72.649

59.564

288

1 EQ+X

71.408

56.376

Table 8. Displacement X-trans in Static Analysis

Static Analysis

Displacement X-Trans

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

1.849

0.456

99

1 EQ+X

13.455

2.107

162

1 EQ+X

26.684

4.433

225

1 EQ+X

39.456

7.025

288

1 EQ+X

50.163

9.624

OMRF

Dynamic Analysis

Displacement X-Trans

BEAM

L/C

OMRF

SMRF

36

1 EQ+X

1.907

0.534

99

1 EQ+X

12.938

2.622

162

1 EQ+X

24.765

8.984

225

1 EQ+X

32.877

12.854

288

1 EQ+X

39.790

15.132

Moment in OMRF

OMRF

OMRF

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62 | P a g e

ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

SMRF

in SMRF

V.

SMRF

Moment in SMRF

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CONCLUSION:

analysis in OMRF & SMRF are compared for

different columns under axial, torsion, bending

moment and displacement forces.

The results in graph-1 shows that there is equal

values obtained of axial forces in static and dynamic

analysis of OMRF structure. The results in graph-2

shows that the values are obtained for torsion in static

analysis are negative and dynamic analysis values are

positive. The results in graph-3 here we can observe

that the values for bending moment at dynamic

analysis values are high in initially for other columns

it decreased gradually as compared to that of static

analysis. The results in graph-4 we can observe that

the values for displacement in static analysis of

OMRF values are more compared to that of dynamic

analysis values of same columns.

The results in graph-5 shows that the values

obtained of axial forces in dynamic analysis of

SMRF structure values are high compare to static

analysis. The results in graph-6 shows that the values

are obtained for torsion in static analysis are negative

and dynamic analysis values are positive with more

difference. In the results graph-7, we can observe that

the values for bending moment at dynamic analysis

values are more as compared to that of static analysis

SMRF structure. In the results graph-8, we can

observe that the values for displacement in dynamic

analysis of SMRF values are gradually increased

compared to that of static analysis values of same

columns.

The static and dynamic analysis of OMRF &

SMRF values are observed. Finally it can conclude

that the results of static analysis in OMRF & SMRF

values are low when comparing to that of dynamic

analysis in OMRF & SMRF values. Hence the

performance of dynamic analysis SMRF structure is

quiet good in resisting the earthquake forces

compared to that of the static analysis OMRF &

SMRF.

63 | P a g e

ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 11( Version 1), November 2014, pp.59-64

www.ijera.com

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9]

Journal of Mechanical and Civil

Engineering, Volume 11, Issue 1. Ver. II

(Jan-2014), PP 37-42.

IS: 1893-2002 (part-1) criteria for

earthquake resistant design of structures

fifth revision, Bureau of Indian Standards,

New Delhi.

IS: 456-2000 (Indian Standard Plain

Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice)

Fourth Revision.

IS: 875-1987 (part-1) for Dead Loads, code

of practice of Design loads (other than

earthquake) for buildings and structures.

IS: 875-1987 (part-2) for Live Loads or

Imposed Loads, code of practice of Design

loads (other than earthquake) for buildings

and structures.

IS: 875-1987 (part-3) for Wind Loads, code

of practice of Design loads (other than

earthquake) for buildings and structures.

IS 13920-1993 for Ductile Detailing

Reinforced Concrete Structures subject to

seismic forces, Bureau of Indian Standards,

New Delhi.

Dr. S.K Duggal, Earthquake Resistance

Design of Structure.

P. C. Varghese, Advanced Reinforced

Concrete Design, Second Edition.

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