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QUALITROL 505ITM Series

QUALITROL 505ITM-100
Intelligent Transformer Monitor

Hardware and Software Instructions


Document ID: IST-104-1 ECN-28691

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Legal

Information in this document is subject to change without notice. This document is provided to purchasers of Qualitrol
products for use in the installation, operation and servicing of such products. No other use, nor any reproduction,
distribution or the making of any derivatives of this document is authorized, without the express prior written permission of
Qualitrol.
Qualitrol endeavors to ensure the accuracy and quality of its published materials; however, no warranty, expressed or
implied, is provided. Qualitrol disclaims any responsibility or liability for any direct or indirect damages resulting from the
use of the information in this manual or products described in it. Mention of any product or brand does not constitute an
endorsement by Qualitrol of that product or brand.
This document was originally composed in English and was subsequently translated into other languages. The fidelity of
subsequent translations cannot be guaranteed. In case of conflict between the English version and another language
version, the English version takes precedence.
2010 QUALITROL Company LLC, an ISO 9001 system certified company. All rights reserved. Information subject to change without notice.
All trademarks are properties of their respective companies, as noted herein. IST-104-1.

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505ITM Hardware & Software Manual

Contents
Hardware Instructions ..................................................................................... 1
Overview ................................................................................................................... 1
QUALITROL 505 Series Intelligent Transformer Monitor ............................................... 1

About Qualitrol ................................................................................................................ 2


About These Hardware Instructions ................................................................................ 2

Controls, Indicators, and Modules.......................................................................... 3


Front Panel ..................................................................................................................... 3
Modules .......................................................................................................................... 4
RTD Input Module ..................................................................................................... 4
CT Input Module ....................................................................................................... 4
AC Voltage Input Module .......................................................................................... 4
Potentiometer Input Module ...................................................................................... 4
DC Voltage Input Module .......................................................................................... 5
Current Input Module ................................................................................................ 5
Dry Contact Closure Module ..................................................................................... 5
Powered Contact Closure Module ............................................................................. 5

Installation ................................................................................................................ 6
Location and Mounting.................................................................................................... 6
Installing the Hardware ............................................................................................. 6
Mounting Styles ........................................................................................................ 8
Power Supply ................................................................................................................. 9
Heater Option ............................................................................................................... 10
RTD Input Modules ....................................................................................................... 10
CT Input Module ........................................................................................................... 11
AC Voltage Input Module .............................................................................................. 12
Potentiometer Input Module .......................................................................................... 12
DC Voltage Input Module .............................................................................................. 13
Current Input Module .................................................................................................... 13
Dry Contact Closure Input Module ................................................................................ 15
Powered Contact Closure Input Module ........................................................................ 15
Output Contacts ............................................................................................................ 16
Remote Output Signals ................................................................................................. 17

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Communications ........................................................................................................... 18

Operation ................................................................................................................ 19
Automatic Operation ..................................................................................................... 19
Viewing Channels or Viewing Mode Scrolling ......................................................... 19
MENU Mode ........................................................................................................... 19
Program Mode ........................................................................................................ 21
Testing the System ....................................................................................................... 21

Functional Specifications ...................................................................................... 22

Software Instructions .................................................................................... 24


General Information ............................................................................................... 24
Connecting to the 505ITM...................................................................................... 24
Installing/Running the Software............................................................................ 24
Desktop Communications Window ...................................................................... 25
File Menu ...................................................................................................................... 25

Establishing Communications with the 505ITM .................................................. 26


Troubleshooting the Communications Link ........................................................ 28
Overview of the 505ITM Tools on the Desktop Menu .......................................... 28
Opening a Tool ....................................................................................................... 30
Using the Monitor Tool .......................................................................................... 30
Using the Simulator Tool ....................................................................................... 32
Using the Factory Calibrator Tool (Advanced users only) ................................. 33
Using the Setup Tools ........................................................................................... 36
System Settings ............................................................................................................ 38
Password Setup ...................................................................................................... 39
Installed Features ................................................................................................... 40
Time and Date Setup .............................................................................................. 40
Display Setup.......................................................................................................... 42
Heater Setup........................................................................................................... 43
Communications ........................................................................................................... 44
Front USB - Service Port......................................................................................... 45
Main 485 - Main Port............................................................................................... 46
Aux 485 - Auxiliary Port........................................................................................... 48
Cancel and Load Buttons ........................................................................................ 48

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Input Modules ............................................................................................................... 49
Module .................................................................................................................... 50
Custom Scaling ....................................................................................................... 51
CT Current Parameters ........................................................................................... 52
Winding Temperature Setup (Calculated) ............................................................... 53
Simple Calculation Setup Method ..................................................................... 53
Advanced Calculation Setup Method................................................................. 57
Output Relays ............................................................................................................... 62
Relay Tabs.............................................................................................................. 63
Relay Control .......................................................................................................... 63
Seasonal Setpoint ................................................................................................... 66
Ambient Temperature Forecast............................................................................... 67
Cooling Equipment Exerciser .................................................................................. 70
Matrix Controlled ..................................................................................................... 71
Cancel and Load Buttons ........................................................................................ 72
Output Loops ................................................................................................................ 73
Loop Parameters .................................................................................................... 74
Custom Range ........................................................................................................ 74
Loop Controlled ...................................................................................................... 76
Bank Switching ............................................................................................................. 76
TransLife ................................................................................................................... 78
TransLifeTM Control ................................................................................................. 79
Consumed Life ........................................................................................................ 80
Critical Forecast ...................................................................................................... 81
Temperature Profiler ............................................................................................... 83

Importing and Exporting Configuration Files ...................................................... 85


Calibrating the 505ITM ........................................................................................... 86
Calibrating Remote Outputs for Alternate Values .......................................................... 86
Overview and Requirements ................................................................................... 86
Calibration Procedure ............................................................................................. 86
Calibrating a Level Gauge to the 505ITM ...................................................................... 90
Overview................................................................................................................. 90
Before You Begin .................................................................................................... 90
Calibration Procedure ............................................................................................. 91

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Frequently Asked Questions About the 505ITM .................................................. 97

Appendix ....................................................................................................... 101

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Hardware Instructions
Overview
QUALITROL 505 Series Intelligent Transformer Monitor

The QUALITROL 505 Series Intelligent Transformer Monitor (505ITM) for Liquid-Filled
Transformers offers microprocessor technology and advanced digital signal processing to
accurately assess the health and performance of oil-filled transformers.

The 505ITM can monitor up to four total parameters and can be adapted to suit the required
application.

Input 1: Liquid Temperatures (Main Tank Top or Bottom, Load Tap Changer) using a
100 ohm Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD)

Input 2: Winding Temperature using a Clamp-on Current Transformer (0-5, 0-10, 020, 0-50, 0-100 amps)

Inputs 3 & 4: Variable from the list below (factory configured)


o

Liquid Temperature

Winding Temperature

Winding Current

Cooling Bank Current

Liquid Level

Switch Contact

Inputs from other transducers such as Tank Pressure or Dissolved Gas in Oil

Required 505ITM inputs include:

Resistance Temperature Detectors (100 ohm RTDs)

Clamp-on Current Transformers (0-5, 0-10, 0-20, 0-50, 0-100 amps)

AC Voltage (0 - 140 VAC or 0 - 320 VAC)

Potentiometer (5K - 15K)

Current Loops (0 - 1 or 4 - 20 mA DC)

DC Voltage (0 - 100 mV or 0 - 10 V)

Switch Contact Closure (powered or dry)

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The 505ITM offers:

Advanced thermal modeling of winding temperatures

Superior temperature control for higher loads

Standalone or networked substation monitoring

Diagnostic tools for condition based maintenance

Four, Form C adjustable relays to operate cooling equipment, signal alarms, and
provide trip functions, depending on transformer conditions

Two, 0 - 1 or 4 - 20 mA DC loops for use with SCADA systems

Digital communication ports RS-232/USB and RS-485

The device is easy to install and use. It is designed to be mounted outdoors, with a heater
available inside the enclosure, in a transformer control cabinet, and it is powered by a
universal power supply of 90 - 264 VAC 47 - 63 Hz single-phase power or 40 - 290 VDC. It
comes with a user-friendly, computer-aided setup software that can be supplied with nonintrusive, easy-to-retrofit sensors.

About Qualitrol
Qualitrol has been a leader in supplying pressure, liquid level, and temperature controls
since 1945. As an ISO 9001 System-certified company, we are committed to providing
quality and reliability, both in our products and in our service.

About These Hardware Instructions


These Hardware Instructions provide all the information you will need to configure, install,
and operate your 505ITM. They are organized into the following sections:
Controls, Indicators, and Modules - Diagrams and brief descriptions to help you locate
and understand basic functions of each of the controls, indicators, and modules that make
up the 505ITM.
Installation - Illustrated instructions to guide you through mounting, supplying power to, and
wiring your transformer monitor.
Operation - A description of automatic operation, as well as easy instructions on viewing
parameters and set points, resetting memories, programming the 505ITM using the Keypad,
and testing the system.
Functional Specifications - A detailed, functional specification of the monitor.
Appendix - A functional wiring diagram for your reference, an example of the front panel
menu diagram, and a rear cover view.

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Controls, Indicators, and Modules


Front Panel
The functions of the display and the keypad on the front panel are described below. For
operating instructions, refer to the Operation section.
DISPLAY - Every two seconds, the display automatically scrolls through the channels and
displays the channel name and the value of the parameter. It also displays the selected
indications of the keypad control.
KEYPAD - The ENTER key is used to change menu modes or accept changes to values;
the TEST key displays the set point source and value on the DISPLAY; the MENU key is
used to access the programming menu; and the RESET key is used to reset the maximum
and minimum values, while in the program menu, or unlatch any latched relays while in the
normal scrolling mode. The ARROW keys are used to move through the various menus. For
a full operation description, refer to the Operation section.
SET POINT INDICATORS - A red LED illuminates to indicate that the set point for the relay,
indicated on the overlay, has been exceeded.
RS-232 PORT or USB PORT - When used with the Qualitrol software, this port allows for
the setup of all of the parameters of the monitor. See the Software Instructions section for a
full description of this setup procedure.
505 ITM
INTELLIGENT TRANSFORMER MONITOR

DISPLAY
SET POINT
INDICATORS

KEYPAD
TEST
MENU

RESET

RELAY 1
RELAY 2

ENTER

RELAY 3

RS-232
PORT

RELAY 4

USB PORT
RS-232

505ITM Front Panel

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Modules
The modules comprising the 505ITM include:

RTD Input Module

CT Input Module

AC Voltage Input Module

Potentiometer Input Module

DC Voltage Input Module

Current Input Module

Dry Contact Closure Module

Powered Contact Closure Module

RTD Input Module


RTD Input Modules are used for monitoring liquid, ambient, or if used in a heated well,
winding temperatures. The input to the module is either a 100 ohm platinum RTD or 10 ohm
copper RTD.
For measuring liquid or ambient temperatures, the module is scaled over the range of -40 120 C. If it is used in a heated well, the scale is -40 - 200 C. When ordering the 505ITM
from the factory, the temperature requirements need to be specified.

CT Input Module
The CT Input Module is used to monitor winding temperatures, winding currents, motor
currents of LTCs, or fan currents. The input to the module is a clamp on the CT, provided by
Qualitrol, which has an input range of 0 - 5 A, 0 - 10 A, or 0 - 20 A, other ranges are
available, and an output of 0 - 0.333 VAC, can be used as the input to the CT Input Module.
If this module is used for winding temperatures, the scaling is in the range of -40 - 200 C;
for anything other than temperature, the range is scalable to a maximum of 99999.9 C.

AC Voltage Input Module


The AC Voltage Input Module is used to monitor any AC voltages under 320 VAC. The input
module works in conjunction with the Qualitrol Voltage Sensor, TRA-600-1, and measures
ranges of either 0 - 140 VAC or 0 - 320 VAC.
The range is scalable to a maximum of 99999.9 VAC.

Potentiometer Input Module


The Potentiometer Input Module is used for monitoring liquid level, flow gauges, or gas
accumulation. The input to the module is a potentiometer that is typically supplied by
Qualitrol. The range of the potentiometer input is up to 15,000 ohm. Typically, the 25 mark
on a liquid level dial is set to the center of the potentiometer range, and the high and low
readings are simply ratios of the angular deflections from the normal setting. Qualitrol
gauges use a 340 angular degree potentiometer on a 2:1 gear ratio from the dial travel to
the potentiometer travel. The Potentiometer Input Module must be calibrated on site. For

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more information, see the Using the Factory Calibrator Tool (Advanced users, only) section
in the Software Instructions.
The scaling of the 505ITM for this module is 0 - 100%.

DC Voltage Input Module


The DC Voltage Input Module is used for monitoring transducer outputs with an output
signal in either the 0 - 100 mVDC or 0 - 10 VDC range.
The range for this module is scalable to a maximum of 99999.9 VDC.

Current Input Module


The Current Input Module is used for monitoring transducer output with an output signal in
either the 0 - 1 mA DC or 4 - 20 mA DC range. These can be devices such as pressure
transducers for measuring main tank pressure, bushing pressure, or dissolved gas in oil
transducers.
The input module can be configured to operate with either two-wire loop transducers, which
are powered by the module, or three-wire transducers that are powered by the module or
from the transducer.
The range for this module is scalable to a maximum of 9999.99 mA DC.

Dry Contact Closure Module


The Dry Contact Closure Module is used for monitoring a contact and indicating on a display
if it is open or closed. An open contact means there is no connection between the contacts;
a closed contact signifies a shorted connection across the contacts. This can be used, for
example, to monitor pumps or fans. The system internally treats closed and opened contacts
as either a 0 or 100 numeric value. Therefore, if the module is used to control a relay, the
relay set point should be set at midrange, e.g., 50.
This module can monitor a non-powered, dry contact.

Powered Contact Closure Module


The Powered Contact Closure Module is used to monitor a powered contact, and it indicates
on the display whether it is opened or closed. An open means there is no connection
between the contacts, and closed indicates a shorted connection across the contacts. This
can be used to monitor alarms or active fans, for example. The system internally treats
closed and open contacts as either a 0 or 100 numeric value. Therefore, if the module is
used to control a relay, the relay set point should be set at midrange, e.g., 50.
This module can monitor a powered contact of >80 VAC/DC or >130 VAC/DC jumper
selectable.

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Installation
Location and Mounting
Installing the Hardware
1. Unpack the 505ITM.
2. Check that all of the materials on the packing slip are included.
3. Make four holes on the transformer panel for installation of the monitor.

Important:

Note the mounting differences between the enclosure style and the panel-only style.

Allow space below the monitor for the wiring harness.

4. Install the monitor.

Important:

Ensure that the sensor type matches the input designator labels on the
505ITM dust cover.

TB1

TB3

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

INPUT MODULE 1

2
3

Input Modules

TB4
INPUT MODULE 2

10 26
11 27

TB5

12 28
13 29

14 30

15 31

INPUT MODULE 3

16 32

INPUT MODULE 4

TB2

EARTH GROUND

2
3

TB1 TB1

VAC LINE INPUT (+)

VAC LINE
HEATER

4
5

VACC NEUT INPUT (-)

RELAY 1

Input Power

10 A

INPUT POWER: (UNIVERSAL)


90-264 VAC, 47-63 Hz
40-290 VDC
WATTAGE: < 30 WATTS AC IN
< 15 WATTS DC IN
LINE FUSE - 3.15 AMPS

RELAY 2
10 A

RELAY 3
10 A

RELAY CONTACTS:
10 A @ 115/230 VAC
10 A @ 30 VDC

RELAY 4
10 A

MODEL NO.
SERIAL NO.

SYSTEM
STATE
RELAY
10A

MFG. DATE

VACC NEUT
HEATER

17

18

19

TXD+(B)

20

TXD-(A)

21

RXD+(B)

22

RXD-(A)

23

SIGNAL GND

24

25

T/RXD+(B)

10

26

T/RXD-(A)
SIGNAL GND

11

27

12

28

13

29

14

30

(+)

CURRENT
(-) LOOP 1

15

31 (+)

16

32

RS-485

Optional Heater
TB1-1,17

TB6

1
2

RS-485
Interface

Current Output
Loops

CURRENT
(-) LOOP 2

Alarm Relays

505ITM Back Panel

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5. Wire input sensors to the correct inputs, TB3 through TB6.


6. Connect the correct alarm control circuitry, TB1-2 through TB1-16. See the wiring
schematics or engineering drawings for your specific transformer.

Note:

The optional VAC heater input is TB1-1 and TB1-17.


Relay contact ratings: 10 A @ 115/230 VAC, 10 A @ 30 VDC

CAUTION: The loops must be connected to the isolated analog input to avoid
potential damage to the 505ITM.
7. If required, connect the current output loops, TB-29 through TB1-32.
8. Connect the RS-485 communications to TB1-19 through TB2-23.

4-wire: TB1-19 through TB1-22; signal ground on TB1-23, not an earth ground

2-wire: TB1-25, 26; signal ground on TB1-27, not an earth ground

9. Connect the input power, TB2-3, 5, and earth ground to TB2-1.

Universal power supply:


90 - 264 VAC, 47 - 63 Hz
40 - 290 VDC

CAUTION: Installing power outside of the recommended input range will damage
the unit.
10. Energize the 505ITM.
The monitor briefly displays Qualitrol and the version of the board firmware.

Important:

The following operation can cause the alarm output state to change.

11. On the front panel, press TEST.


Relays 1 through 4 actuate.

Note:

Relays that have been configured with the test lockout feature enabled will not
operate, but the corresponding LED will light.

12. Upon commissioning the 505ITM, do the following steps to reset the maximum and
minimum values:
(a) Press MENU.
(b) Scroll to the View Maximum Value column (see menu flowchart).
(c) Press RESET.
(d) Scroll to the View Minimum Value column.
(e) Press RESET.
(f) Press MENU.
When the test is complete, the monitor defaults back to the scrolling mode, cycling
consecutively through the display of each active input. You are now ready to use the ITM
Manager software which is found on the documentation CD-ROM, to view, change, or
modify the settings of the 505ITM to meet your requirements.

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Mounting Styles
Enclosure Style
The 505ITM is a 3R enclosure style, designed to be back-mounted on any smooth surface.
Four 0.31 0.50 in. oval slots are provided for use with fasteners. The monitor requires an
approximate area that is 11.5 inches in width, 13.0 inches in height, and 6.5 inches in depth.
An additional area below the monitor should be allowed for the wiring harness. See
Mounting the 505ITM figure for mounting centers and dimensions.
Panel Mount Style
The 505ITM is designed to be flush-mounted inside a transformer control cabinet on any
smooth surface. Four 0.28 in. square holes are provided for use with the 0.25 in. diameter
carriage bolts. The monitor requires an approximate area of 8.50 inches in width, 10.50
inches in height, and 3.00 inches in depth. An additional area below the monitor should be
allowed for the wiring harness.
Captive Thumb Screw
(2) Places

3.00
[76.3]

Suggested Panel Cutout = 7.8 WD x 9.3 HI

Mounting the 505ITM

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Power Supply
Supply power is applied to Terminal Block TB2 terminals 3 and 5. For DC input, positive
voltage is applied to terminal 3, and ground or negative voltage is applied to terminal 5.
Chassis ground is applied to terminal 1, as shown in the Power Supply Connection figure.
This non-metallic enclosure does not automatically provide a common grounding lug.
Grounding must be provided as part of the installation, and it must be in accordance with the
requirements of the National Electrical Code (NEC) or any international code that is in effect.

1
2
3
4

EARTH
GROUND

TB2

EARTH GROUND

2
3

VAC LINE INPUT (+)

4
5

VACC NEUT INPUT (-)

90-264 VAC, 47-63 Hz


40-290 VDC

Power Supply Connection

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Heater Option
If the Enclosure or Panel Mount monitor is supplied with the Heater Option, the supply
power, 120 or 240 VAC, as specified when ordering, is applied to Terminal Block TB1
terminals 1 and 17, as shown in the Heater Option Connection figure.

Heater Option Connection

Qualitrol recommends that the heater circuit be installed with a fuse for safety and protection
purposes. The fuse is the responsibility of the installer. The rating of the heater is 75 watts at
120 VAC. A 240 VAC heater uses two of these heaters in a series, for a total of 150 watts.
Qualitrol recommends installing a slow-blow fuse rated at 1.00 A, at 600 V.

RTD Input Modules


For each RTD Input Module, one standard 100 ohm RTD (or 10 ohm RTD), with a threeconductor, shielded cable is required to measure liquid and ambient temperature, or if in a
heated well, winding temperature. The three conductors and the shield drain lead are
connected to the monitor, as shown in the RTD Input Wiring Connections figure.

CAUTION: RTD wiring should be continuous, and the shield drain lead must be
grounded only at the instrument.
The monitor uses a compensation scheme for the RTD cable connection. The three-wire
connection compensates for the resistance of the connecting wires.

RTD Input Wiring Connections

If you are upgrading an existing Qualitrol device, or if the RTD you have installed is a fourwire RTD, DO NOT connect the fourth wire in parallel with the third wire, this will adversely
affect the compensation scheme.
If you have a fourth wire on the RTD connection, cut the fourth wire flush with the jacket.
Qualitrol recommends a maximum length of 75 feet for RTD cabling.

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Note:

Due to dimensional and mounting variations, the RTD, well, and connector must be
ordered separately and are available from Qualitrol.

CT Input Module
For each CT Input Module, one standard clamp on the CT, TRA-017-X, is required to
calculate winding temperature or currents. Input the current range as specified.
Pull the supplied Qualitrol clamp on CT Sensor apart and place the wire which carries the
current to be sensed, into the CT opening. Push the CT sensor back together and check that
it is fully engaged. As shown in the CT Input Connections figure, connect the output wires of
the clamp on CT to the terminal board.

CT Input Connections

The Qualitrol clamp-on CT sensor comes with 20 feet of cable. While it is not recommended
to run the wire longer than 20 feet, if the application requires a longer distance, splice the
longer cable as close to the clamp on sensor as possible. This replacement cabling should
consist of shielded twisted pair wire.

Note:

Because the CT sensor is isolated from the transformer, the burden is so small it can
only be measured in a laboratory. For all practical purposes, the burden sensed by
the transformer is zero.

Caution: The 505ITM measures current using the clamp on CT sensors. Wiring
current directly to the 505ITM will damage the unit.

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AC Voltage Input Module


For each AC Voltage Input Module, one AC Voltage Sensor, TRA-600-1, is required to
measure the AC voltage. The module can measure either 0 - 140 VAC or 0 - 320 VAC,
50/60 Hz, as specified at the factory. Connect the voltage to be measured to the sensor
input Terminal Block TB1 of the voltage sensor (TRA-600-1). Then connect the sensor
output to the terminal block of the AC Voltage Input Module, as shown in the AC Voltage
Input Connections figure.

AC Voltage Input Connections

Caution: The 505ITM measures voltage using the Voltage sensor. Wiring directly to
the Voltage Input Module will damage the unit.

Potentiometer Input Module


For each Potentiometer Input Module, one standard potentiometer in the range of 1500 15000 ohm, as supplied by various Qualitrol case assemblies, is required to measure liquid
level, flow, or gas accumulation. The module must be calibrated on site. See the Using the
Factory Calibrator Tool (Advanced users, only) section in the Software Instructions.
The three conductors and the shield drain lead are connected to the monitor, as shown in
the Potentiometer Input Connections figure.

CAUTION: Wiring should be continuous, and the shield drain lead must be
grounded only at the instrument.

Potentiometer Input Connections

12

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DC Voltage Input Module


For each Voltage Input Module, one voltage transducer, 0 - 100 mVDC or 0 - 10 VDC, as
specified, is required.
Connect the output wires of the transducer to the terminal block as shown in the DC Voltage
Input Wiring figure.

DC Voltage Input Wiring

Current Input Module


The Current Input Module is configurable to accept either a 0 - 1 mA DC or a 4 - 20 mA DC
(SCADA type) signal. Either of these options can be a transducer that is:

2-wire, self-powered from the transducer

2-wire, powered from the input module

3-wire, powered from the input module

For each Current Input Module, one current transducer (0 - 1 mA DC or


4 - 20 mA DC) is required.
Connect the output wires of the transducer to the terminal block as shown in the Current
Input Wiring figure.

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Current Input Wiring

14

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Dry Contact Closure Input Module


The Dry Contact (Switch) Closure Input Module is designed to detect the actuation or deactuation of one dry, non-powered switch contact. The system internally treats closed and
open contacts as either a 0 or 100 numeric value. Therefore, if the module is used to control
a relay, the relay set point should be set at midrange, e.g., 50.
See the Contact Closure Wiring figure for the correct circuit wiring.

Contact Closure Wiring

Powered Contact Closure Input Module


The Powered Contact (Switch) Closure Input Module is designed to detect the actuation or
de-actuation of a powered switch contact. This is accomplished by measuring a potential
across the switch contact of 0 volts when closed and a potential greater than 80 volts AC/DC
contact is open. For applications where a higher potential is being measured, e.g., 240 V
AC, 250 V DC) there is a jumper on the board that can be moved that will raise the sense
voltage to 130 V, if required. The system internally treats closed and open contacts as either
a 0 or 100 numeric value. Therefore, if the module is used to control a relay the relay set
point should be set at midrange, e.g., 50.
See the Powered Contact Wiring figure for correct circuit wiring.

Powered Contact Wiring

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Output Contacts
Five isolated sets of normally open/normally closed output contacts, for Output Relays 1 - 4
and the System State Output Relay, are provided for controlling cooling equipment,
sounding an alarm, or operating remote breaker coils. Each set is capable of switching
115/230 VAC, 30 VDC @ 10 A, and the sets are accessed on Terminal Block TB1, see the
Relay Wiring figure for the Enclosure and Panel Mount monitors.
Refer to the Software Instructions for configuring the relays controlling signal, as
failsafe/non-failsafe, time delay, and other features.
Refer to the back cover of the 505ITM for configuration and identification of the output
contacts for each relay. Note that each relay is shown in the non-powered state.

Caution: Applying high DC voltage to the output relays will damage the relays.
TB1
1

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

10

26

11 27
12

28

13

29

14

30

15

31

16

32

TB1
RELAY 1
10 A

RELAY 2
10 A

RELAY 3
10 A

RELAY 4
10 A

SYSTEM
STATE
RELAY
10A

TB1

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

10

26

11

27

12

28

13

29

14

30

15

31

16

32

Relay Wiring

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Remote Output Signals


The monitor is configured to supply two milliamp (mA) current outputs for remote indication
or use with SCADA devices. This output is proportional to the full scale of the parameter
selected in the configuration. Refer to Functional Specifications section, for maximum load.
The output signals are accessed on Terminal Block TB1 terminals 29 through 32, See the
Remote Output Signal Terminals figure for the Enclosure and Panel Mount monitors.

CAUTION: All remote output signals are independent, variable current loops, driven
by the system power and designed to drive an isolated load, such as a
current meter. They cannot be grounded or tied together.
TB1

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

10

26

11 27
12

28

13

29

14

30

15

31

16

32

TB1

TB1

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

10

26

11

27

12

28

13

29

(+)

14

30

(-)

15

31

(+)

16

32

(-)

C URRENT
LOOP 1

C URRENT
LOOP 2

Remote Output Signal Terminals

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Communications
The monitor comes equipped with digital communication capabilities. A four-wire, RS-485
connection is located on the back of the monitor. See the Four-Wire RS-485 Connection
figure. If the operator is using a two-wire, RS-485 connection with the 505ITM, short
TXD+(B) with RXD+(B), and TXD-(A) with RXD-(A), then connect the two-wire, RS-485 as
an A/B system. The RS-485 connection may be used with the Qualitrol Remote Software
Package and other available protocols. Refer to the Software Instructions and the 505ITM
Communications Manual, IST-105-1, for a complete description of these features. For
specific options and/or options for a special communications protocol, contact Qualitrol or
our authorized representative.
TB1
1

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

10

26

11 27
28
29

14

30

15

31

16

32

TB1

TB1

17

18

19

20

TXD-(A)

21

RXD+(B)

TXD+(B)

22

RXD-(A)

23

SIGNAL GND

24

25

10

26

11

27

12

28

13

29

14

30

15

31

16

32

RS-485

12
13

Four-Wire RS-485 Connection

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Operation
Automatic Operation
Viewing Channels or Viewing Mode Scrolling
Power Up
When power is applied to the 505ITM, it automatically begins to monitor the input and
controls the output, based on the factory configuration that was specified by the customer.
At power up, the display will Auto Scroll through all of the parameters being monitored at a
frequency of one every two seconds.

MENU Mode
Viewing Channels
(See the Appendix for an example of the menu structure.)
Auto Scroll, MENU, View Mode Scrolling
Press MENU to move the display out of Auto Scroll and into Viewing Mode. The Up and
Down Arrows (or ENTER) will move you individually through each parameter being
monitored. If no key activity takes place for 60 seconds, the monitor automatically reverts to
Auto Scroll, or press MENU again to revert back to Viewing Mode Scrolling.
Viewing Max Readings
MENU, View Mode Scrolling, Right Arrow
From Viewing Mode, press the Right Arrow twice. The Up and Down Arrows (or ENTER) will
move you through the maximum values, as well as the time and date of each parameter
being monitored. Press RESET to reset all of the maximum readings. If no activity takes
place for 60 seconds, the monitor automatically reverts to Auto Scroll, or press MENU again
to revert the system back to Viewing Mode Scrolling.

Note:

To avoid any erroneous readings caused by the installation, Qualitrol recommends


resetting the maximum values immediately after setting up the monitor.

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Viewing Min Readings
MENU, View Mode Scrolling, Right Arrow, Right Arrow
From Viewing Mode, press the Right Arrow twice. The Up and Down Arrows (or ENTER) will
move you through the minimum values, as well as the time and date of each parameter
being monitored. Press RESET to reset all of the minimum readings. If no key activity takes
place for 60 seconds, the monitor automatically reverts to Auto Scroll, or press MENU again
to revert the system back to Viewing Mode Scrolling.

Note:

To avoid any erroneous readings caused by the installation, Qualitrol recommends


resetting the minimum values immediately after setting up the monitor.

Viewing TransLifeTM Values


MENU, View Mode Scrolling, Right Arrow, Right Arrow, Right Arrow
From Viewing Mode, press the Right Arrow three times. The Up and Down Arrows (or
ENTER) will move you through the TransLifeTM values, time to critical point, consumed life
and temperature profiler. If no key activity takes place for 60 seconds, the monitor
automatically reverts to Auto Scroll, or press MENU again to revert the system back to
Viewing Mode Scrolling.

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Program Mode
MENU, View Mode Scrolling, Right Arrows
From Viewing Mode, keep pressing the Right Arrow until you reach the Change Settings
column. Press ENTER to go to Change Settings Mode. This is the location where you can
change some of the settings of the monitor. This mode is protected. Before you are allowed
to change any parameters, you must first enter a program user ID #. This is the same
password that is used to enter the Customer Setup in the remote software. If you are not
authorized to change these settings, press MENU to go back to Viewing Mode Scrolling.
The Up and Down Arrows allow you to change the value of the character highlighted by the
display, while the Right and Left Arrows move the highlighted character. Press ENTER to
move to the next setting. At the end of the Program Mode menu, press ENTER to reboot the
system. If no activity takes place for 60 seconds, the monitor automatically reverts to Auto
Scroll and discards any changes that were made, or press MENU again to revert back to
Auto Scroll.
505 ITM
INTELLIGENT TRANSFORMER MONITOR

DISPLAY
SET POINT
INDICATORS

KEYPAD
TEST
MENU

RESET

RELAY 1
RELAY 2

ENTER

RELAY 3

RS-232
PORT

RELAY 4

USB PORT
RS-232

Front Panel Control

Testing the System


To perform a system confidence test, press and hold TEST. Press TEST to actuate all nonTest Lockout relays (see the Output Relays section in the Software Instructions) in onesecond intervals.

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Functional Specifications
Power Supply
Front Panel
and Interface

Input
Parameters

Universal; 90 - 264 VAC, 47 - 63 Hz and 40 - 290


VDC; (< 30 watts, AC in; < 15 watts, DC in)
Display:

One easy-to-read 2-line, 16-character alphanumeric


Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). Character size: 0.38"
(9.66 mm) high x 0.19" (4.84 mm) wide.

Status Indicators:

Four Light Emitting Diodes (LED)

Controls:

Eight large keys for programmable settings and user


interaction

Front Panel Membrane:

UV stabilized polyester

Accuracy:

0.5% full scale input range

Temperature:

100 ohm platinum (Pt100), 10 ohm copper (Cu10)


RTD; simulated winding or fiber optic probe;
Liquid/ambient range: -40 - 120 C
Winding range: -40 - 200 C

Current:

Clamp-on CT, 0 - 5 A, 10 A, 20 A, 100 A and others


available

DC Current Loops:

0 - 1 and 4 - 20 mA DC

DC Voltage:

0 - 100 mVDC and 0 - 10 VDC

AC Voltage:

0 - 140 VAC and 0 - 320 VAC; 50/60 Hz

Potentiometer:

1500 - 15,000 ohm

Switch Contact (dry):

Open/Closed

Switch Contact
(powered):

>80 V or >130 V open, jumper selectable; optically


isolated

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Outputs

Control/Alarm Contacts:

Four Form C relay contacts for cooling control,


alarms, trip, etc.

Diagnostics Alarm:

One Form C relay for power, sensors and internal


circuitry diagnostics

Heater Control:

One relay

Relay Contact Ratings:

10A @ 115/230 VAC, 10A @ 30 VDC

Remote (SCADA)
Outputs:

Two loops; 0 - 1 mA (max resistive load 10,000 ), 4


- 20 mA (max resistive load 450 ), other options
available

Data Communications:

RS-232, RS-485 (monolithic transformer isolation)


Protocols: DNP 3.0 (Level 3 slave), Modbus, ASCII

Immunity

Environment

Dielectric Isolation
(High-Pot):

2500 V AC, 60 seconds to ground

Surge Withstand
Capability:

IEEE C37.90.1

Conducted/Radiated
Emissions:

IEC 61000-6-1

Conducted/Radiated
Radio Frequency
Immunity:

IEC 61000-6-2

Safety:

IEC 61010-1

Temperature Range:

-40 - +72 C

Storage Temperature:

-50 - +85 C

Humidity:

90% non-condensing

Vibration:

60/120 Hz @ .004 inch displacement

Shock:

10 Gs half-sine, in 3-orthogonal planes

Weatherproof
Enclosure:

NEMA #3R (vented), UV stabilized, corrosion-proof


fiberglass

Weight Approximately:

Weatherproof enclosure version: 8.7 lb (4.0 kg)


Panel Mount version: 4.0 lb (1.82 kg)

Terminal Connectors:

Accepts wire sizes from 24 - 12 AWG

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Software Instructions
General Information
The software for the QUALITROL 505ITM Series Monitor runs on a personal computer (PC)
that connects to the 505ITM with an RS232/USB or RS485 cable for monitoring, simulation,
calibration, and setup. You must do the initial setup through the RS232/USB connection on
the front panel of the monitor. After that, you can use either the RS232/USB or the RS485
connection. Qualitrol recommends that you use a RS232 male-to-female DB-9 extension
straight-thru (not a null) shielded cable or a USB-to-USB cable suitable for substation
environments.

Note:

Throughout these instructions, the software for the QUALITROL 505ITM Series
Monitor is also referred to as the remote software, because it allows you to
communicate remotely with the 505ITM.

Connecting to the 505ITM


1. Check that the 505ITM is connected to the main power and is energized.
2. Connect a USB cable between the USB port on your PC and the port on the 505ITM.
- or Connect an RS232 cable between the RS232 port on your PC and the port on the
505ITM.

Installing/Running the Software


The software runs on Microsoft Windows NT, 98, 2000, XP, and Vista operating systems.
You can run the software directly from the CD provided by Qualitrol or from files installed on
your PC.
To install the software from the CD:
1. Place the CD into the CD drive of your PC.
2. In the CD drive directory, double-click the file named Setup.exe. This will automatically
step through the procedure for loading the 505ITM software in a Qualitrol folder in the
program directory and install a shortcut on the desktop.
3. Clicking on the shortcut the Qualitrol ITM Manager window displays.

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Desktop Communications Window


The Desktop Communications window provides the communications interface with the
505ITM and your PC.

The software automatically loads a default communications data file named


default505ITM.qco on your desktop when it opens the Desktop Communications window.

File Menu
The File pull-down menu provides several options for selecting a communications file.

Open

Opens an existing communications file (*.qco).

Save

Saves the communications data under the current communications file


name.

Save As...

Saves the communications data with a new communications file name.

Close

Closes all applications and communications with the 505ITM, and


closes the Desktop Communications window. The Save
Communication Setup window displays if any communications
parameters have been changed and not saved before the Close
command.

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Establishing Communications with the 505ITM


From the Desktop Communications window, select, set, or observe the following items as
required:
Address

Each 505ITM has an assigned address that allows multiple 505ITMs to


be used with a common communication link. The factory default
configuration has an address of 00. Select the correct address from the
pull-down menu.

Baud Rate

The baud rate on your PC must be the same as that on the 505ITM
monitor with which you are communicating. The range is 1,200 38,400. The default is 19,200. (If using the USB port the baud rate goes
from 1200 to 230,400). Select the correct baud rate from the pull-down
menu. If the baud rate is unknown, it is possible to view it on the LCD
display of the 505ITM. Enter the MENU Mode and go to the Change
Settings column (see the MENU Mode section).

COM

Allows you to select the serial communications port on the PC from


COM1 COM255. The default is COM1. Select the communication port
that the serial port is connected to on your PC.

Off line

You can run the software offline without being connected to the
505ITM.
1. With no communications to the 505ITM established, click the Off
line check box.
2. Click on the Connect button.
3. Select the 505ITM icon and hit the Connect button.
4. Type demo into the Password field of either the Setup - Customer
or Setup - Factory application section.
The Setup window opens and displays the available features. This
feature is useful during training or to learn how the product functions
when there is no 505ITM available.

Important:

Changes made in the Demo mode are not permanent.


These modifications cannot be saved or downloaded into
a device.

Connect Button

Click to start communications with a 505ITM.

TX and RX

Displays transmission activity.

Note:
Close All
Button

Short transmissions will often occur too fast to be viewed by the


operator.

Closes all open 505ITM applications, terminates communications, and


closes the Desktop Communications window. The Save
Communication Setup window displays if any communications
parameters have been changed and not saved before clicking [Close
All].

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A successful communications link is indicated when:

No error message displays.

An unsuccessful communications link is indicated when:

A Communications link failure message displays.

If this error message displays, troubleshoot the communications link.

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Troubleshooting the Communications Link


If a problem occurs in establishing a communications link between the PC and the 509 ITM,
check the following:

Is the cable a straight-through cable (not a null) and is it securely connected to the PC
and the 505ITM?

Is the 505ITM energized?

Is the cable connected to the same COM port displayed in the Desktop Menu
Communications?

Does the 505ITM device address match the selection in the Desktop Menu
Communications Address field?

Does the 505ITM service port baud rate match the baud rate in the Desktop Menu
Communications? The default baud rate is 19,200 baud.

Important:

If the 505ITM service port was reconfigured to another baud rate, the Desktop
Menu Communications baud rate must match the new configuration.

RETRY Button

Click this button to attempt to establish communications with the


505ITM again.

IGNORE Button

Click this button to ignore the communications error. However, for


correct operation of the system, it is essential that communication to the
505ITM is established and functioning correctly.

ABORT Button

Click this button to discontinue further attempts to establish


communications with the 505ITM.

Overview of the 505ITM Tools on the Desktop Menu

There are five 505ITM software tools available to run from the Desktop Menu window:
Monitor

Allows remote operation of the 505ITM.

Simulator

Allows simulation of field input signals/sensors.

Factory
Calibrator

Allows calibration of 505ITM inputs and outputs. This tool is


conditionally blocked to the user.

Customer

Allows you to configure the 505ITM, including setup of cooling control,

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Setup

alarms, communications, and other features.

Factory Setup

Allows the factory to configure the 505ITM. This tool is not accessible to
the user.

Password

Each tool requires a password. Passwords are set at the factory, but
you can change them when you are in the tool. The factory set
passwords are:
Monitor

111111

Simulator

111111

Calibrator

If required, call Qualitrol Application


Engineering at 585-586-1515 x 410.

Customer Setup

111111

The Factory Setup tool can only be entered by Qualitrol factory


personnel. This section is reserved for the factory except in the Demo
mode (offline).
Remember Me
Check Box

By checking in this check box, the password is stored in the


communications file so that you do not have to re-enter it every time
you start the tool.

Important:

Start Button

Enabling this feature will disable security protection and


allow anyone using this computer to gain access to the
software.

Activates the selected tool.

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Opening a Tool
To open any of the 505ITM software tools, do the following:
1. Establish communications with the 505ITM.
2. From the Desktop Menu window, enter the correct password for the tool you wish to
start.

Note:

If the Remember Me feature is enabled, you do not have to enter a password.

3. Click [Start].

Using the Monitor Tool


The Monitor tool provides remote monitoring and control of the 505ITM by simulating the
contents on the 505ITM LCD, and relay LEDs appear on your PC screen. The monitor
requests an update from the 505ITM three times every second.

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There are eight control buttons on your PC screen: Test, Reset, Menu, Enter, Up, Down,
Left, and Right. These buttons are activated by clicking on them with the left mouse button.
Activating a button in this way has the same effect as pressing the same button on the
505ITM monitor itself. See the Operation section of the Hardware Instructions for specific
information on the control and operation of the 505ITM.
Click [Close] to exit the tool.

Note:

The actual 505ITM continues to operate when the Monitor tool is closed.

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Using the Simulator Tool


The Simulator tool allows you to simulate values regardless of the actual inputs that the
sensors register. The 505ITM responds to the input signal changes from the Simulator
window as if the signals originated in the field. This mode is useful for testing items such as
relay connections and wiring.

When you click [Start Simulation]:


The field inputs disconnect from the actual field signals and connect to the signals from the
Simulator tool. You can now change the simulated signals remotely as you desire. The
505ITM responds to the simulated signals as if they were the actual field signals.
With the exception of the CT, Temperature signals, the transfer from the field to the
simulation is almost undetectable because the initial simulation value is set to the last value
of the actual field signal. The winding temperature (CT, Temperature) is a calculated value
using load currents, oil temperatures, and time constants. All of these are bypassed in the
simulation mode where the calculated values are replaced with the simulated values.

Important:

While the simulation is active, the actual field signals are not being monitored.
If you have Trip functions connected to the 505ITM, you can activate them in
simulation mode.

When you click [End Simulation]:


The field signals reconnect to the input of the 505ITM. The 505ITM responds immediately to
the actual field signals.

Note:

If you make no changes to any of the input signals for more than 3 minutes, the
simulation ends automatically. Whenever any button is pressed, the 3-minute timer
resets.

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Using the Factory Calibrator Tool (Advanced users only)


The Factory Calibrator tool allows you to calibrate most inputs. When you first enter the
Calibrator - Signal Selection window, the Input 1 channel is selected by default.

Important:

All channels, except for the Potentiometer Input module, are calibrated at the
factory. Under normal operation, they will not need to be calibrated again. You
must have a separate password for this application for the ITM manager to
allow you to use this tool.

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Calibrating the Input Channels
1. Open the Factory Calibrator tool.
2. Select the input channel to calibrate.
3. Click [Calibrate]. The Input Channel Calibration window displays.
4. In the terminal block that corresponds to the input module being calibrated, enter the
signal value displayed in the Set input signal to field.

Important:

The Set input signal to field displays the value of the external signal that
must be applied to the module terminals. For the RTD Input Modules, the
input signal is expressed in terms of degrees C. If you continue the calibration
procedure without inputting the correct excitation (stimulus) signal, you will
overwrite the calibration with invalid data. This will cause the monitor to
malfunction.

5. After you have entered the input signal on the terminal block and it is stabilized, click
[Next] to accept the value in the Set input signal to field.

Note:

All channels require at least a two-step calibration procedure. The [Next] button
changes to [Finish] for the second step in the procedure. If you want to return to the
previous step, click [Back].

6. Enter the value for the second input and click [Finish]. The calibration of this channel is
complete.

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Calibrating the Output Channels
The analog outputs can be adjusted in a four-point calibration; see the Output Calibration
section of the manual for more details. However, this calibration should not be necessary
because it is done at the factory.
Saving Calibrations in Files
You can save calibration values in files using the File pull-down menu. These files have the
default file extension .qca3.
Import

Allows you to import a valid calibration file stored in the PC.

Export

Allows you to save the current calibration to a previously specified file


for future use.

Export As...

Allows you to save the current calibration in a newly specified file for
future use.

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Using the Setup Tools


The User Setup tool allows you to set all the adjustable parameters of the 505ITM. The
Factory Setup tool is used to set the hardware configurations of the monitor. The Customer
Setup limits access to some of the 505ITM parameters, such as serial number,
manufacturing date, and configuration date.

Note:

You can save configurations as files, which you can use to restore settings or to preconfigure before connecting to the 505ITM. See Importing and Exporting
Configuration Files.

When you open the Customer Setup tool, the Customer - Setup window displays. When you
open the Factory Setup tool, the Factory - Setup window appears. The windows for both
tools are the same and allow for a specific subsystem to be configured.

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The Setup windows have three main sections:


Model
Information

Displays the fields for Serial number, Manufacturing date, and the last
Configuration date of the 505ITM. The Configuration date field
displays when the 505ITM was last updated.

Model Type

Displays that the monitor is a Transformer Monitor.

System Index

Displays the system buttons required to set up and view the parameters
of the 505ITM.
Click the buttons to begin setting up the configurations.
[Output Loops]
[Bank Switching]
[TransLifeTM]

[System Settings]
[Communications]
[Input Modules]
[Output Relays]

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System Settings
The System Settings window opens when you click [System Settings] from the Setup
window. This window allows you to set the configuration for the items displayed in the
different sections of the window.

More Information

Password Setup

Installed Features

Time and Date Setup

Display Setup

Heater Setup

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Password Setup
This section of the System Settings window allows you to configure the passwords that
provide access for the different software tools. The passwords are stored in the 505ITM and
have the following characteristics and requirements:

Passwords consist of one to six alphanumeric characters, and they are case-sensitive.

The password for the User Setup tool is also the password used to enter the
modification section of the MENU Mode from the front panel of the 505ITM.

The password for the Calibrator tool must be different from the other tool passwords.
This is a precaution to prevent users from accidentally entering the calibration section
of the monitor.

There is a hierarchy to the password system. The password for the Customer Setup
tool will also work in the Monitor and Simulator tools, even if they have different
passwords. This is because all of the passwords can be changed in the Customer
Setup tool, so it is treated as the master password.

When passwords are changed in the Password Setup tool, the user must enter the
new password values the next time the tools are opened.

There are five Password fields and five corresponding Verify fields. The Password fields
accept the password values for the associated tools. The Verify fields are used to check the
corresponding password.

Note:

The Factory Setup password is not available to the customer.

To enter a new password:


1. Type the new password value into the Password field. Use one to six alphanumeric
characters.
2. Type the same password value into the Verify field. Use the same alphanumeric
characters and the same case as you did in the Password field.
3. Click [Load].
The software compares the values in the Password and Verify fields when they are
loaded into the 505ITM. If the values do not match, an error message displays.

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Installed Features
This section of the System Settings window displays the installed features available in the
505ITM. If a feature is installed, there will be a check mark in the check box next to the
legend.

Time and Date Setup


This section of the System Settings window allows you to configure the time and date values
stored in the 505ITM.

Note:

The time and date values can also be changed along with the front panel operations.

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Current PC
Time

Displays the current time of the PC that is connected to the 505ITM when
the Time and Date Setup window is opened. This value is not
automatically updated. The current time of this PC is loaded into the
505ITM when you click [Load]. If the Current PC Time value is not
correct:
1. Adjust the PC clock to the correct time.
2. Click [Load] on the System Settings window.
3. Continue with the setup procedure.

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Time Zone
Difference

Allows you to adjust for a difference in time zones between the location of
setup and the location of the installed 505ITM. If the two locations are the
same, set the value to 0. Otherwise, select the appropriate number of
hours, positively or negatively, to provide for a correct time at the
installation location. For example, if the setup is done in New York and
the installation is in California, set the Time Zone Difference to -3 hours.

Current PC
date

Displays the current date of the PC that is connected to the 505ITM when
the Time and Date Setup window is opened.

505 Time and


date

Displays the current values for the date, time, and time zone in the
505ITM.

Display Setup
This section of the System Settings window allows you to adjust the contrast and intensity of
the 505ITM Display.

Brightness

The slider adjusts the intensity of the back light of the display. You also
have the option to disable the back light.

Contrast

The slider adjusts the display contrast to an appropriate viewing level.

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Heater Setup
This section of the System Settings window allows you to configure the 505ITM Heater
option. The Heater is not a standard feature and has to be ordered. It is used in extremely
cold or moist environments. The Heater is controlled by a 505ITM internal temperature
measurement. If the Heater option is installed, the following fields are available for setup.

Heater
Function

Allows you to enable or disable this feature.

Heater
Setpoint

Allows you to set the temperature at which the Heater is energized. The
Heater energizes when the internal temperature of the 505ITM drops
below the setpoint value.

Heater
Hysteresis

Allows you to set the temperature at which the Heater is de-energized.


The Heater de-energizes when the internal temperature of the 505ITM
rises above the sum of the setpoint and the hysteresis values.

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Communications
The Communications Setup window opens when you click [Communications] from the Setup
window. This window allows you to configure the 505ITM communications ports displayed in
the different tabs of the window.

More Information

Front USB - Service Port

Front Serial Service Port

Main 485 - Main Port

Aux 485 - Auxiliary Port

Cancel and Load Buttons

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Front USB - Service Port
This section of the Communications Setup window includes the fields described below.

Type

Indicates the type of signaling hardware used for the Service Port. This
field is for informational purposes only.

Baud Rate

Configures the baud rate that is used to communicate over the USB
Service Port at the front panel. The default value is 19,200 baud. The
Desktop Menu software automatically configures the PC's COM port with
the correct parameters for communicating with the Remote Software.

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Front Serial - Service Port


This section of the Communications Setup window includes the fields described below.

Type

Indicates the type of signaling hardware used for the Service Port. This
field is for informational purposes only.

Baud Rate

Configures the baud rate that is used to communicate over the RS232
Service Port at the front panel. The default value is 19,200 baud. The
Desktop Menu software automatically configures the PC's COM port with
the correct parameters for communicating with the Remote Software.

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Main 485 - Main Port


This section of the Communications Setup window includes the fields described below.

Type

Indicates the type of signaling hardware used for the Main Port. This is
an information-only field.

Installed
Protocol

The Qualitrol ITM Manager software comes standard with every 505ITM
unit.

Optional
Protocols

Note:

All of these options are upgradeable by the factory.


DNP Indicates if the DNP V3.00 Level 3 communications protocol is
installed.
Modbus Indicates if the Modbus communications protocol is
installed.
QASCII Indicates if the Qualitrol ASCII communications protocol is

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installed.
Protocol

Selects between the available communications protocols to be used by


the Main Port communications.

Address

Indicates the communication address of the 505ITM used by the


specified protocol.

Baud Rate

Selects the desired baud rate for the Main Port communications protocol.
The default value is 9,600.

Number of
Data Bits

Selects the desired number of data bits for the Main Port
communications protocol. The default value is 8.

Parity

Selects the desired type of parity for the Main Port communications
protocol. The default is none.

Number of
Stop Bits

Selects the desired number of stop bits for the Main Port communications
protocol. The default value is 1.

Aux 485 - Auxiliary Port


This port is unused at the present time.

Cancel and Load Buttons


This section of the Communications Setup window includes the command buttons described
below.

Cancel Button

Cancels all changes made in this window and returns you to the Setup
window.

Load Button

Loads all communications parameters from the PC into the 505ITM. All
new communications parameters take effect only after the 505ITM
hardware has been reset.

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Input Modules
The Input Module Setup window opens when you click [Input Modules] from the Setup
window. The 505ITM has up to four input modules. The types of available modules are
described in the Modules section of the Hardware Instructions.
To begin, click the tab of the input module that you want to configure. The Input Module
Setup window displays for the selected input module.

Low-End and High-End Scaling Values

More Information

Module

Custom Scaling

CT Current Parameters

Winding Temperature Setup (Calculated)

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Module
This section of the Input Module Setup window includes the fields described below.

Input Module
Number

Indicates the input module number that is being configured. This field is
for informational purposes only.

Input Module
Type

Indicates what module type was installed in this corresponding site of the
505ITM. This is designated at the factory according to the input module
that was ordered and installed. If the module type indicates "undefined,"
there is no physical module installed in that location.

Input Module
Function

Enables and disables the module function. If the input module is


disabled:
It cannot be viewed on the LCD display located on the front panel.
It cannot control any relays.

Input Signal
Name

Identifies the input module name. The name can be changed and can
consist of up to seven alphanumeric characters. This name will also
appear on the 505ITM LCD display, along with its input signal value.

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Custom Scaling
The configuration parameters in this section of the Input Module Setup window allow you to
change the scaling of the process input signal. Custom Scaling is not available if the Input
Module Type field is set to a "Logic Switch", "AC/DC Input" or Temperature input module,
for example, RTDs, Ambient, and CT, Temperature. The fields in this section are
described below.

Low-End and High-End Scaling Values

Use Custom
Scaling

Indicates that custom scaling is defined for the input signal. If the check
box is checked, you must specify three additional parameters for the
input:
Custom Units Label field allows the user up to three characters for a
unit of measure, for example, ppm, RH, %.
Low-End Value field is the scaled minimum value for the
corresponding minimum input value.
High-End Value field is the scaled maximum value for the
corresponding maximum input value.

Custom Units
Label

If the Use Custom Scaling field is checked, the 505ITM uses this label
instead of the default label defined by the Input Module Type field. This
label can consist of up to three alphanumeric characters.

Low-End and
High-End
Scaling
Values

Provide the custom values corresponding to the indicated low-end and


high-end values for the selected module type. The 505ITM translates the
input signal into the alternate monitors using the low- and high-end
values provided.
Example: You have a Dissolved Gas Monitor with 0 - 1 mA representing
a 0 - 2000 PPM scale. Using a 0 - 1 mA input module, set:
Low-End Scaling Value field to 0 mA = 0
High-End Scaling Value field to 1 ma = 2000
Custom Units Label field to PPM
An input of 0.4 mA would appear as 800 PPM on the display.

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CT Current Parameters
If the Input Module Type field is set to "CT, Current" or CT, Temperature, this section of
the Input Module Setup window provides linear scaling between the 505ITM output and the
actual current sensed by the Power Transformer CT. The fields in this section are described
below.

CT clamp-on
sensor Rating

Indicates the maximum rating of the CT clamp-on sensor used with this
module, for example, 10 Amp, 30 Amp). You can read this rating from the
clamp-on sensor. When selecting the sensor value, make sure that:
the maximum rating of the sensor value is greater than the current it
will be sensing. This will prevent saturation.
the sensor value is as close to the maximum current reading as
possible. This will optimize the resolution.

CT ratio
(2 fields)

Provides the parameters needed for CT Current Scaling. The left field
identifies the true current, such as winding or bushing, being sensed by
the instrumentation or metering CT. The right field identifies the
secondary or output of the instrumentation or metering CT that will be
used with the 505ITM Clamp-On CT Sensor.
Example: If the Instrument CT on the transformer has a ratio of 1200 : 5
Amps, the two CR ratio fields are set to CT Ratio = 1200 : 5. The clampon sensor is on the 5 Amp circuit and now acknowledges that the 5 Amp
are passing through the CT to scale the current to the 1200 Amp range.

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Winding Temperature Setup (Calculated)


This section of the Input Module Setup window allows you to configure the "CT,
Temperature" input module type.

The checked box indicates which winding calculation method is active. Click either method
to open the corresponding setup window.

Simple Calculation Setup Method

Advanced Calculation Setup Method

Simple Calculation Setup Method


This method allows you to configure the simple scaling parameters for input module types
that are set to CT, Temperature. The winding calculation method presented here
corresponds to the process used by the IEEE Guide for Loading Mineral-Oil-Immersed
Transformers (IEEE Std C57.91).
The Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window opens when you click [Simple
Calculation Setup] from the Winding Temperature Setup section of the Input Module Setup
window.

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More Information

Input Module Number and Input Signal Name Fields

Winding Rise Parameters

Oil Rise Parameters

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Input Module Number and Input Signal Name Fields
This section of the Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the fields
described below.

Input module
number

Displays the input module number for which the simple CT,
Temperature scaling parameters are being configured.

Input signal
name

Displays the user-assigned name of the signal for which the simple CT,
Temperature scaling parameters are being configured.

Winding Rise Parameters


This section of the Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the fields
described below.

Oil
Temperature
Adder

Allows you to select one of the available RTD Input Modules. The
selected RTD Input Module will be the liquid temperature measurement
that is added to the winding curve simulation, for example, top oil
temperature.

Winding Rise
Temperature

Allows you to set the number of degrees that the winding temperature will
be over the oil temperature (delta T) at nominal load for the transformer.
You can calculate this parameter from the transformer heat run test
reports by subtracting the oil temperature at nominal loading from the
winding temperature at nominal loading. If you cannot obtain the heat run
report, contact the transformer manufacturer for these values.

Current
Factor

Displays the value measured at the clamp-on CT sensor of the 505ITM at


nominal loading of the transformer.

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Winding Time
Constant

Allows you to set the time constant for the temperature rise of this
winding. The time constant is defined as the time it takes the winding
temperature to reach 63.2% of its final value for a given current input.

Note:

It takes approximately five time constants to elapse for the


temperature to reach full value for a given load. If the time
constant is unknown, the IEEE Std C57.91-1995 Annex G
recommends a value between 3 and 7 minutes. Qualitrol uses a
default value of 6 minutes.

Oil Rise Parameters


This section of the Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the parameters
that are required if you want to use the Critical Forecast feature of the TransLifeTM Setup. If
you are not using the Critical Forecast feature, leave these parameters at the default values.
The fields in this section are described below.

Oil rise
temperature

Allows you to set the temperature rise value of the transformer oil at
nominal load. This is derived from the Transformer Heat Run Report by
taking the value of the Oil Rise Temperature field over ambient at
nominal load, and subtracting the ambient test temperature.
Oil Rise Temp = (Oil Rise Temp over Ambient - Ambient Temp)

Oil time
constant

Allows you to set the time constant for the temperature rise of this
winding. The time constant is defined as the time it takes the winding
temperature to reach 63.2% of its final value for a given current input.

Note:

It takes approximately five time constants to elapse for the


temperature to reach full value for a given load. If the Oil Time
Constant is not provided, the IEC 354 Loading Guide for OilImmersed Power Transformers recommends:
For distribution transformers:
All cooling types: 180 minutes
For medium and large transformers:

ON (natural convection): 150 minutes


OF (oil forced): 90 minutes

OD (oil directed): 90 minutes

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Advanced Calculation Setup Method
This method allows you to configure the advanced scaling parameters for input module
types that are set to CT, Temperature. The advanced calculation method is capable of
adapting the winding temperature model for all the different stages of cooling, thereby giving
a more accurate response than the Simple Calculation Method. But to use this method, the
winding rise parameters are required for each cooling stage. The formulas for calculating
winding temperatures for this window were derived from the IEEE Std C57.91-1995.
The Advanced CT Temperature Scaling Setup window opens when you click [Advanced
Calculation Setup] from the Winding Temperature Setup section of the Input Module Setup
window.

More Information

The Importance of Winding Temperature and Cooling

Upper Fields

Advanced Winding Rise Parameters

TransLifeTM

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The Importance of Winding Temperature and Cooling
Paper insulation used in transformers contains organic materials that deteriorate over time
at elevated temperatures. Cooling that is activated too slowly allows elevated temperatures
to degrade this insulation. Cooling systems that are activated too early or too often will lead
to reduced fan and/or oil pump life.
The 505ITM implements advances in thermal modeling technology to increase both
insulation and cooling system life. You can set different parameters for each of the possible
cooling modes, or stages: ONAN, ONAF, OFAF, and ODAF are the designations for natural
convection, forced air, directed air, and oil cooling, respectively.
During operation, the 505ITM can dynamically alter the parameters to match the present
cooling stage being used. You can individually program each winding for accurate
representation of the winding "rise" (gradient). You can also program the winding time
constant and the load current "exponent" for each cooling stage.
More Information

Advanced Calculation Setup Method

Upper Fields

Advanced Winding Rise Parameters

TransLifeTM

Upper Fields
This section of the Advanced CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the fields
described below.

Input module
number

Displays the input module number that is being configured with the
advanced CT, Temperature scaling parameters.

Input signal
name

Displays the user-assigned name of the signal that is being configured


with the advanced CT, Temperature scaling parameters.

Oil
temperature
adder

Allows you to select the RTD Input Module that is the selected liquid
temperature measurement being added to the winding rise, for example,
top oil.

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Advanced Winding Rise Parameters
This section of the Advanced CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the fields
described below.

Cooling Relay
(3 fields)

Allows you to input the relay number that controls the cooling system for
each cooling stage.
Example: Relay 2 controls fan bank 1, Relay 3 controls fan bank 2, and
Relay 4 energizes the oil pump.

Current
Factor
(4 fields)

Allows you to enter the measured current that the clamp-on CT will sense
on the secondary side of the instrumentation or metering CT for each
current stage at nominal loading.
Example: A 30/40/50 MVA Single-Phase Transformer with a 32 kV
secondary and an instrumentation CT 2000/5 A on its secondary side,
which is the winding to be configured.
In ONAN mode: 30 MVA / 32 kV * 5/2000 = X
In first cooling mode: 40 MVA / 32 kV * 5/2000 = X
In second cooling mode: 50 MVA / 32 kV * 5/2000 = X

Note:

Winding Rise
Temperature
(4 fields)

For a three- phase transformer application, divide the current by


the square root of three.

Allows you to set the temperature gradients (delta T) for each winding at
each cooling stage. This value is the winding temperature rise over the
specified liquid temperature for that given current factor. The liquid
temperature will typically be the top oil temperature measurement. The
505ITM accepts a maximum of 70 C for the temperature gradient.
You can calculate the winding rise value from data in the transformer
heat run report. The winding rise gradient is the winding rise temperature
over ambient minus the oil rise temperature over ambient.

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Exponent
(4 fields)

Winding Time
Constant
(4 fields)

Note:

Allows you to enter the exponent parameter used in the temperature


calculation for each of the four Cooling Modes. The exponent describes
the rise curve of the winding temperature above the oil temperature.
When installing a 505ITM on older transformers, this information might
be difficult to obtain. In those cases, Qualitrol recommends:

For ONAN (natural convection): 1.6


For ONAF (natural convection; forced air fans only): 1.6

For OFAF (forced oil; forced air fans and pumps): 1.8
For ODAF (directed forced oil and forced air): 2.0

Allows you to enter a time constant for each of the four cooling modes.
The time constant is defined as the time required to reach 63.2% of the
final winding temperature rise for a specific load increase. The winding
temperature reaches its final value for a given load in approximately five
time constants.

You can program the 505ITM for up to four cooling modes, including natural
convection. If there are less than four cooling modes, the unused rows should match
the last configured row. Do not enter zeroes as a value.

TransLifeTM
This section of the Advanced CT Temperature Scaling Setup window includes the
parameters that are required if you want to use the Critical Forecast section of the
TransLifeTM Setup. If you are not using the Critical Forecast feature, leave these parameters
at the default values.
The fields in this section are described below.

Oil Rise
(4 fields)

Allows you to set the temperature rise value of the oil of the transformer
at nominal load. This is derived from the Transformer Heat Run Report
by taking the Oil Rise Temperature over ambient at nominal load and
subtracting the Ambient Test Temperature.

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Oil Time
Constant
(4 fields)

Allows you to set the time constant for the temperature rise of this
winding. The time constant is defined as the time it takes the winding
temperature to reach 63.2% of its final value for a given current input.

Note:

It takes approximately five time constants to elapse for the


temperature to reach full value for a given load. If the oil time
constant is not provided, the IEC 354 Loading Guide for OilImmersed Power Transformers recommends:
For Distribution Transformers:
All cooling types: 180 minutes
For Medium and Large Transformers:
ON (natural convection): 150 minutes
OF (forced oil): 90 minutes
OD (directed forced oil): 90 minutes

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Output Relays
The Output Relay Setup window opens when you click [Output Relays] from the Setup
window. This window displays the tab array of the four relays with the Relay 1 tab being
selected. By selecting the different tabs, you can index through the relay array.
To begin, click the tab of the output relay that you want to configure. The Output Relay
Setup window displays for the selected input module.

More Information

Relay Tabs

Relay Control

Seasonal Setpoint

Ambient Temperature Forecast

Cooling Equipment Exerciser

Matrix Controlled

Cancel and Load Buttons

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Relay Tabs
This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the fields described below.

Relay 1 Relay 4

The tabs at the top of the window allow you to select which relay to
display for setup.

System Status
Relay

The system relay is actuated by:


Any abnormal condition in the internal circuitry.
A microprocessor malfunction.
A power supply malfunction if in the failsafe mode.

Note:

Relays that are not in Test Lock Out mode are also actuated
when the system relay is actuated.

Relay Control
This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the fields described below.

Relay Number

Indicates the number of the relay being configured.

Enabled /
Disabled

Allows you to enable or disable the relay function. If the relay is disabled,
it remains in the non-energized state (the normally closed and common
contacts are shorted together, while the normally open and common
contacts are open).

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Failsafe / Nonfailsafe

Allows you to select the actuation function of the relay.


When you select the Non-failsafe condition:
The normally closed and common contacts are shorted together if the
monitor is de-energized and the setpoints are not exceeded.
The relay changes states when the setpoints are exceeded.
When you select the Failsafe condition:
The normally closed and common contacts are shorted together
when the monitor is de-energized.
If the monitor is energized and the setpoints are not exceeded, the
relay changes states. This causes the normally open and common
contacts to be shorted.
If the setpoints are exceeded or if the monitor loses power, the
normally closed and common contacts are shorted together.

Important:

Qualitrol recommends setting any trip contacts for a


transformer to Non-failsafe. See the following table for
further clarification of Failsafe/Non-failsafe operation.

Relay
Condition

No Power to
Monitor

Monitor
Energized
< Set Point

Monitor
Energized
>= Set Point

Loss of Power
to Monitor

Non-failsafe

NC - C

NC - C

NO - C

NC - C

Failsafe

NC - C

NO - C

NC - C

NC - C

Test lock out


On / Off

When you press the TEST switch on the display panel of the 505ITM, the
monitor executes a test cycle of all the relays in the system. The test
actuates each relay for one second starting with relay one and finishing
with relay four. The test continues until all the relays in all the relay
modules are cycled.
There might be situations when you do not want the relays to actuate. In
these situations, use the Test Lock Out switch function. By setting Test
Lock Out to ON when you press the TEST switch, the LED
corresponding to the relay illuminates, but the relay does not change
states.

Important:
Latching

Any relay wired to a trip function should have the Test


Lockout function set to ON.

On: The relay remains in the actuated state even after the controlling
signal no longer exceeds the setpoint value. The relay can only be
released if you press the RESET switch while the controlling signals
do not meet the setpoint conditions.
Off: The relay actuates and de-actuates according to the output of
the Control Signal Matrix table and other function settings.

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Manual /
Automatic

Manual: The relay actuates regardless of the setpoint values.


Automatic: The relay actuates according to the Control Signal Matrix
table and other function settings. This feature can be toggled through
the communication channels, which allows you to actuate a relay
remotely.

Actuate On
Errors

On: If any of the control signals in the Control Signal Matrix table
have sensor errors, the relay actuates.
Off: If a control signal has an error, it is not used in controlling the
relay. The status of the other control signals controls the relay.

Actuation
Delay

Allows you to enter the amount of time the actuation of the relay will be
delayed after the control signals have continually exceeded the setpoint
values. (Range: from 1 second - 10 hours).

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Seasonal Setpoint
This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the fields described below.

Seasonal
setpoint
installed

A check mark indicates that the Seasonal Setpoint feature is installed.


This feature only affects the setpoint for the Control Signal 1 column in
the Controlled by Matrix section. If the Seasonal Setpoint is active and
the conditions are met, the Seasonal Setpoint has priority over the
setpoint in the Control Signal 1 column.

Seasonal
function

Allows you to enable or disable this feature.

Configure
Button

Opens the Seasonal Setpoint Setup window that allows you to configure
the Seasonal Setpoint feature.
You can adjust the setpoint to compensate for changing seasonal
weather conditions. For example, for the warmer summer months when
the cooling system is not efficient, you might want to enter a Seasonal
Setpoint value of 70 C for a cooling bank that is normally set to actuate
at 80 C at other times of the year.

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To set the Seasonal Setpoint:
1. Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
Start Date: Select the Month and Day when the Seasonal
Setpoint becomes active.

End Date: Select the Month and Day when the Seasonal
Setpoint is discontinued. Normal setpoint operation resumes the
day after this date.

Seasonal Setpoint: Select the temperature setpoint that will


control the relay when the Seasonal Setpoint is active.

2. Click [Load].

Ambient Temperature Forecast


This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the fields described below.

Ambient
temperature
forecast
installed

A check mark indicates that the Ambient Temperature Forecast feature is


installed. This feature only affects the setpoint in the Control Signal 1
column of the Controlled by Matrix section. If the Ambient Temperature
Forecast is active and the conditions are met, the Ambient Temperature
Forecast Setpoint has priority over the Seasonal Setpoint and the
setpoint in the Control Signal 1 column.

Forecast
function

Allows you to enable or disable this feature.

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Configure
Button

Opens the window that allows you to configure the Ambient Temperature
Forecast feature. This window provides a common path for setting the
values of the Ambient Temperature Forecast feature for all eight relays.
This function measures the ambient temperature for a specified amount
of time and allows you to adjust the setpoint for relay operation during
forecasted periods of high temperatures. This feature is similar to the
seasonal setback option except that the seasonal setback is used for a
specific period of time, such as summer, while the ambient temperature
forecast is used for a specific condition, for example, a heat wave.
If the ambient temperature exceeds the number of the Threshold Value
for more than the number of Exceeded Hours during the Measurement
Period, the system substitutes the forecast override setpoint for the
setpoint in the Control Signal 1 column.
Example: In the Ambient Temperature Forecast Setup window, the
following parameters are entered:
Controlled By: Ambient probe in Input Module 4
Measurement Period: 120 hours (5 days)
Exceeded Hours: 12 hours
Threshold Value: 30 C
Forecast Override Setpoint: 50 C
If at any time during a rolling 120 hour time period the ambient
temperature exceeds 30 C for a total of 12 hours, the setpoint for
Column 1 of the relay matrix is 50 C.

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To set the Ambient Temperature Forecast:


1. Enter the appropriate information in the following fields:
Controlled By: Select a temperature signal source to use in
forecasting the temperature. This should be an ambient
temperature probe.

Note:

If the 505ITM does not have an ambient temperature


probe installed as one of its input modules, this feature
cannot be used.

Measurement Period: Select the number of hours to measure


the ambient temperature.

Exceeded Hours: Select the number of hours that the controlling


signal must exceed the Threshold Value during the
Measurement Period for the setpoint temperature shift to occur.

Threshold Value: Select a value to override the standard value.


All other settings for the relay, such as hysteresis and time delay,
remain the same.

Forecast Override Setpoint: Enter a setpoint for the first column


of the relay matrix when the Threshold Value is exceeded for the

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specified number of hours.
2. Click [Load].
Example: If the ambient temperature exceeds 30C for at least 12 hours
over the previous 120 hours, the effective setpoint for the first column is
50C.

Cooling Equipment Exerciser


The Cooling Equipment Exerciser actuates the relay for a set period of time at a specified
interval of days. This feature allows you to exercise a seldom-used fan circuit to prevent
rust, lubricate bearings, and to keep wildlife from nesting in fan cages.
This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the fields described below.

Important:

Do not enable the exerciser for any relay that controls a trip function.

Enabled /
Disabled

Allows you to enable or disable this feature.

Exercise time

Allows you to set the number of minutes that the relay remains actuated
when the cycle time is reached. The range is 0 - 59 minutes.

Cycle time

Allows you to set the amount of time between each exerciser actuation.
The range is 0 - 30 days.

Start time

Allows you to set the time of day that the exerciser starts to run once the
cycle time is completed. The range is 0 - 23, in military time format.

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Matrix Controlled
This section of the Output Relay Setup window provides a variety of input signal
configurations and logic to control the relay actuation. For example, using the math function
or, you can actuate the relay with a maximum of four different input signals. Conversely, by
using the or function and setting the Actuation Direction to down, you can actuate on the
minimum signal of the four control signals inputs.
The fields in this section of the Output Relay Setup window are described below.

Control
signal X
(4 fields)

Allows you to select up to four input modules and/or relay states, the
measured values of which, when compared to the setpoints, actuate or
de-actuate the relay according to the logic of the matrix.

Setpoint
(4 fields)

Allows you to select a value corresponding to the control signal, which,


when it equals or exceeds the setpoint value, meets the conditions to
actuate the relay in that column.

Hysteresis
(4 fields)

Allows you to select a switching differential required to de-actuate the


relay. Without hysteresis, a relay could toggle on and off rapidly when the
control signal reaches the setpoint value, causing stress on relay circuits.
The hysteresis prevents this by providing a dead band between on and
off.
Example: If there is only one signal controlling the relay and the
Actuation direction field (see below) is set to up, when the control
signal reaches the setpoint value, the relay actuates. The relay deactuates only when the control signal falls below the setpoint value minus
the hysteresis.

Actuation
direction
(4 fields)

Select up to actuate the relay when the input signal becomes greater
than the setpoint value.
Select down to actuate the relay when the input signal becomes less
than the setpoint value.
Example: You could use the up actuation direction for rising temperature
values and the down actuation for alarming on low oil level values.

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Math
Expression
(3 fields)

Allows you to enter a math function in each of the three available fields.
The first and third fields allow the math functions or, and, and minus.
The second field allows only or and and. The minus function(s) are
first evaluated in the matrix math expression. Otherwise, the overall
equation is evaluated from left to right.
Example: If the Matrix table is set up as:
Control
Signal
1

or

Control
Signal
2

or

Control
Signal
3

minus

Control
Signal
4

The system will evaluate this as:


((Control Signal 1 OR Control Signal 2) OR (Control Signal 3 MINUS
Control Signal 4)).
Auxiliary Setpoint and Low Temperature Lockout Feature
The original IED509 had a feature for an auxiliary current setpoint and a
low temperature lockout feature. This has now been incorporated into the
relay matrix and can be accomplished using the following example:
1. Set Control Signal 1 to WINDING, Setpoint to 80.00 ( C), and
Actuation Direction to up.
2. Set the first (far left) Math Expression to or.
3. Set Control Signal 2 set to WINDING - current, Setpoint to
500.00 (Amps), and Actuation Direction to up.
4. Set the middle Math Expression to and.
5. Set Control Signal 3 to AMBIENT, Setpoint to 10.00 ( C), and
Actuation Direction to up.
The system will evaluate the relay if the winding temperature or winding
current exceed the setpoints and will actuate the relay only if the ambient
temperature is above 10 C.

Cancel and Load Buttons


This section of the Output Relay Setup window includes the buttons described below.
Cancel Button

Cancels any changes made and returns you to the Setup window.

Load Button

Saves all the settings from this window to the 505ITM and returns you to
the Setup window.

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Output Loops
The Output Loops Setup window opens when you click [Output Loops] from the Setup
window. This window allows you to configure the two current loop output channels.
The 505ITM is equipped with two software selectable 0 - 1 mA or 4 - 20 mA (0 - 10 mA on
request) outputs to provide information to Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition (SCADA)
systems or remote indications. You can configure each output to send data from any of the
inputs or send a derived calculation, such as:

the maximum value of up to three inputs, or

a difference calculation between two input modules

To begin, click the tab of the output loop that you want to configure. The Output Loops Setup
window displays for the selected output loop.

More Information

Loop Parameters

Custom Range

Loop Controlled

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Loop Parameters
This section of the Output Loops Setup window includes the fields described below.

Output Loop

Displays the number of the analog current loop that is to be configured.

Loop function

Allows you to enable or disable the output loop operation.

Loop type

Allows you to select between current loop ranges of 0 - 1 mA and 4 - 20


mA.

Note:

If requested at the time the monitor is ordered, this field can be


made to select between current loop ranges of 0 - 1 mA and 0 10 mA.

Custom Range
This section of the Output Loops Setup window allows you to select the value range for the
current loop output.
Example: An RTD measures temperatures from -40 - 120 C. You select an output of 4 - 20
mA and a custom range of 0 - 100. For temperature measurements of:

40 - 0 C, the current loop output will read 4 mA

0 - 100 C, the output will correspond directly to 4 - 20 mA

Any temperature measurement over 100 C will continue to read 20 mA.


The fields in this section of the Output Loops Setup window are described below.

Use Custom
Range

Allows you to activate the custom scaling of the analog outputs by


clicking to put a check mark in the check box.

Minimum

Allows you to enter a value that corresponds to 0 mA for a 0 - 1 mA


output, or 4 mA for a 4 - 20 mA output loop.

Maximum

Allows you to enter a value that corresponds to 1 mA for a 0 - 1 mA

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output, or 20 mA for a 4 - 20 mA output loop.

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Loop Controlled
This section of the Output Loops Setup window allows up to three different input
measurements and two math functions to correspond to the analog output loop. You can set
up the current output loops to be controlled by one of these three options:

a single input measurement

the maximum value of up to three input parameters

the difference between two inputs

The fields in this section of the Output Loops Setup window are described below.

Control
Signal 1, 2, 3
(3 fields)

Allows you to select the input module(s) that will control the current loop
output.

Math
Expression

Allows you to select the math expression(s) used for selecting maximum
values or difference measurements corresponding to the output current
loop value.

Bank Switching
The Bank Switching Setup window opens when you click [Bank Switching] from the Setup
window.
This window configures the cooling circuit management feature. This feature provides a
method for evenly spreading the wear of cooling equipment between two or more different
cooling groups.
Example: If Relay 1 activates a cooling group at 60 C, and Relay 2 activates another
cooling group at 75 C, the first group will be used more extensively than the second group.
By periodically switching the relay functions, the wear is spread evenly between the two
groups.
To set up the Cooling Circuit Management section of the Bank Switching Setup window:
1. Determine two relays to be exchanged.
2. In the entry field for the first relay, select the second relay from the drop-down field.
3. In the entry field for the second relay, select the first relay from the drop-down field.
Example: If you want to bank switch Relays 2 and 4, select Relay 4 in the Relay 2 field,
and select Relay 2 in the Relay 4 field.

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You can bank switch more than two relays in a loop, but this can only be accomplished if the
bank switching loop is closed or completed after the setup. This means that the last relay of
the bank switching loop must select the first relay of the loop.
Example: If Relay 2 selects Relay 3, and Relay 3 selects Relay 4, you must set up
Relay 4 to select Relay 2 since Relay 2 was the start of the bank switching loop.
The bank switching is accomplished by exchanging all the matrix controls of the selected
relay with the one selecting it. This occurs at midnight each night so if you were to view the
relay settings on any two consecutive days, you would notice the changes.

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TransLife
The TransLifeTM Setup window opens when you click [TransLifeTM] from the Setup window.
The TransLifeTM feature provides detailed information for a winding temperature of the
transformer.

More Information

TransLifeTM Control

Consumed Life

Critical Forecast

Temperature Profiler

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TransLifeTM Control
This section of the TransLifeTM Setup window allows you to configure the TransLifeTM
settings for the individual winding temperatures. It includes the fields described below.

Enable /
Disable

Allows you to enable or disable the TransLifeTM feature.

Winding
Temperature
Input Module
#

Allows you to select the number of the input module, or if suitably


equipped, the fiber optic probe that will measure the winding
temperature. This winding temperature measurement is used to calculate
the consumed life, the time to reach critical winding temperature, and the
values for the temperature profiler.

Ambient
Temperature
Input Module
#

Allows you to select the number of the RTD Input Module that will
measure the ambient temperature.

Note:

This field is only required if you are using the Critical Forecast
feature. It is not required for the Consumed Life or Temperature
Profiling features.

Oil
Temperature
Input Module
#

Allows you to select number of the RTD Input Module sensors that will
measure the oil temperature.

Load Current
Input Module
#

Allows you to select the number of the current input module sensors that
will measure the current load of the selected winding.

Note:

Note:

This field is only required if you are using the Critical Forecast
feature. It is not required for the Consumed Life or Temperature
Profiling features.

This field is only required if the winding temperature input module


is a direct-winding, fiber optic probe and you are using the Critical
Forecast feature. It is not required if the winding temperature
input module is not a fiber optic probe, or for the Consumed Life
and Temperature Profiling features. This field is not required for a
505ITM.

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Consumed Life
The 505ITM calculates relative life consumption according to IEEE standards. These
standards are based on the Arrhenius formulas for deterioration of organic insulation
material with time and temperature. Each 6 - 8 degree increase in temperature
approximately doubles the rate of life decay. Based on the cumulative exponential affects of
temperature over time, life consumption metering helps to prioritize maintenance activities
between transformers. It also helps to equalize the load between transformers to maximize
system life and minimize maintenance.
This section of the TranslifeTM Setup window includes the fields described below.

Life
Consumption
Formula
Variables

Depending on the application, allows you to select different Unity Hot


Spot Temperatures by entering the corresponding constants. Unity Hot
Spot Temperature is defined as the value of the winding temperature at
which exactly one hour of consumed life has occurred.
The 505ITM uses the IEEE Std C57.91-1995 and CEI/IEC 354:1991 for
calculating the transformer loss of life in its life-consumption equations.
Both standards use Montsingers rule of thermal degradation, which is a
simplified version of Arrhenius Law of General Chemical/Thermal
Degradation.
See the following table for recommended values.
A

Unity Hot Spot

Notes

Temperature ( C)
-11.269 6328.8

110

Recommended for 65 C insulation

-11.968 6328.8

95

Recommended for 55 C insulation

-11.804 6328.8

98

IEC 354:1991 specification

-13.391 6972.15

101

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-14.133 6972.15

87

Present Loss
of Life Rate

Displays the consumed life rate of the winding at this instant in time.
Example: If the Unity Hot Spot Temperature is 110 C and the winding is
reading exactly 110 C, the present loss of life rate is 1.00.

Loss of Life in
the Last Hour

Displays the consumed life lost in the past hour.

Loss of Life in
the Last Day

In hours, displays the consumed life lost in the past 24 hours.

Total Loss of
Life

Displays the total loss of consumed life for the transformer. If the
consumed life is known, this value can be preset for transformers that are
already commissioned.

Assumed
Transformer
Life

Transformer life entered by the user. Default value is 20 years.

Remaining
Life Left

Displays the remaining life left of the transformer by subtracting the total
loss of life calculated so far from the assumed transformer life.

Operating
Hours

Displays the operating hours of the 505ITM. You can preset this number.

Critical Forecast
This section of the TranslifeTM Setup window allows you to set up the Critical Forecast
feature. For the present loading conditions, the Critical Forecast can predict how long it will
take the winding temperature to reach a given critical temperature.
Before you use the Critical Forecast feature:

Check that values are entered in the Oil Rise Temperature and Oil Time Constant
fields for the winding temperature input module. See Winding Temperature Setup for
more information about these parameters.

Check that input modules are selected in the Ambient Temperature Input Module #
and Oil Temperature Input Module # fields in the TransLifeTM Control section of the
TransLifeTM Setup window.

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The Critical Forecast section includes the fields described below.

Critical
Temperature
(3 Range
fields)

Allows you to enter three temperature values for monitoring the time it
takes for the winding temperature to reach the present load conditions.

Time to
Critical
Temperature
(3 Range
fields)

Displays the time calculated for the winding temperature to reach the
critical setpoint values, given the present loading, oil/winding
temperatures, and ambient conditions.
If the number displayed is 0.00 hours, the winding temperature has
already reached the critical point. If 99.9 hours are displayed, the winding
temperature will never reach the critical point, given these loading
conditions.

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Temperature Profiler
This section of the TransLifeTM Setup window allows you to configure the Temperature
Profiler. The Temperature Profiler has 12 ranges of temperature values - six ranges each
above and below the value in the Unity Temperature field.
The Temperature Profiler monitors how many hours the measured winding temperature
remains in each temperature range. This provides you with a visual indication of how and
when the transformer has been used in conjunction with the consumed life value, and it
provides a more accurate indication of the total loss of life of the transformer.
The ranges are divided into six-degree increments, because the consumed life of a
transformer doubles for approximately every six degree rise in temperature.
The Temperature Profiler section includes the fields described below.

Unity
Temperature

Allows you to enter a temperature value where one hour of operating


time equals one hour of consumed life. If the Unity Temperature
parameter is unknown, use the recommended values from the table
provided in the Consumed Life section.

Temperature
Legends

The 12 temperature legends are displayed after you:


1. Enter a temperature value in the Unity Temperature field.
2. Press [Load].
3. Re-enter the TransLifeTM Setup window.
The legends will be in 12 ranges, 6 below the Unity Temperature and 6
above.

12
Temperature
Range Fields

Display the amount of hours the selected winding temperature remained


in each range.

Graph Button

Displays a bar graph of the 12 temperature ranges. The 6 blue ranges


indicate the operating times that exceeded the consumed life rate.
Conversely, 6 red ranges indicate the consumed life that exceeded the
operating time.

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Importing and Exporting Configuration Files


Configurations can be saved as files. This is convenient if:

you want to restore the 505ITM to its original settings

you want to configure a 505ITM offline and import this configuration at the site

You can save configuration settings in files using the File pull-down menu. These files have
the default file extension .qcf3.
The pull-down menu commands are described below:

Import

Allows you to import a configuration from a file stored on your PC.

Export

Allows you to store the current configuration in a previously specified file


for future use.

Export as...

Allows you to store the configuration in a newly specified file for future
use.

Print

Allows you to print the current configuration file for recordkeeping and
reference.

Print preview

Displays the current configuration file on the PC monitor.

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Calibrating the 505ITM


Calibrating Remote Outputs for Alternate Values
Overview and Requirements
Unless otherwise specified, the 505ITM remote output current loops are calibrated for 0 - 1
mA and 4 - 20 mA. If necessary, you can recalibrate the current loop outputs for the
following alternate values:

0 - 5 mA

0 - 10 mA

0 - 20 mA

This procedure provides steps for recalibrating the current loop outputs.
You will need the following items to perform this procedure:

505ITM

ammeter (or multi-meter set to measure DC milliamps)

Qualitrol Remote Software

Calibration Procedure
1. Connect the computer to the 505ITM and start the ITM Manager Software.
The Desktop Menu window displays.

2. Click [Connect] and enter the password for the Calibrator tool.

Note:

If you do not know this password, call Qualitrol at 585-586-1515, Ext. 410.

3. Click [Start].
The Calibrator - Signal Selection window displays with the radio button for Input 1
selected.

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CAUTION: Be extremely careful in the Calibrator tool. Changing calibration values


incorrectly might cause the 505ITM to malfunction.
4. Connect the ammeter (or multi-meter set to measure DC milliamps) to TB1 pins 29 and
30 with the positive probe on 29.
5. In the Calibrator - Signal Selection window, select the radio button for Output 1 and click
[Calibrate].
The next two windows that appear are for calibrating the 0 - 1 mA section, which will
remain the same.

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6. Click [Next] until you reach the Output Channel Calibration window.
The Adjust output signal to field displays 4.80 mA, which is the value used to calibrate
for a 4 - 20 mA current loop output.
Output Channel Calibration

7. Adjust the slide bar control until the ammeter displays the correct lower calibration value
for the new current loop output range.
Current Loop
Output Range

Lower
Calibration Value

4 - 20 mA

4.80 mA

0 - 5 mA

0.25 mA

0 - 10 mA

0.50 mA

0 - 20 mA

1.00 mA

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8. Click [Next].
The Output Channel Calibration window displays again.
Output Channel Calibration

9. Adjust the slide bar control until the ammeter displays the correct upper calibration value
for the new current loop output range.
Current Loop
Output Range

Upper
Calibration Value

4 - 20 mA

20.00 mA

0 - 5 mA

5.00 mA

0 - 10 mA

10.00 mA

0 - 20 mA

20.00 mA

10. Click [Finish].


11. Repeat the process for the remaining current output loops. When you are finished,
immediately exit from the Calibrator tool.
The current loops are now be calibrated for the new values.

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Calibrating a Level Gauge to the 505ITM


Overview
All of the input modules on the 505ITM are calibrated at Qualitrol, except for the
Potentiometer (Level Gauge) input modules. These modules and sensor inputs are specific
to the transformer with which they are associated and must be calibrated on the transformer.
This procedure provides the steps for calibrating a Level Gauge to a 509 ITM.

CAUTION: Except for the Potentiometer (Level Gauge) Input Modules, the input
modules of the 505ITM are calibrated using highly precise measurement
equipment. If you inadvertently try to calibrate the wrong input module,
you might cause the 505ITM to malfunction. Calibrate only the
Potentiometer input module. When you are finished, immediately exit the
Calibration tool.

Before You Begin


1. Connect the potentiometer output wires of the Level Gauge to the 505ITM. See the
Hardware Instructions for details.
2. Check that the wiring is correct by adjusting the case face to raise and lower the dial
pointer. Observe the front LCD display of the 505ITM.

As you raise the pointer, the displayed value should increase.

As you lower the pointer, the displayed value should decrease.

If the 505ITM is not operating correctly, check the wiring before you begin the calibration
procedure.

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Calibration Procedure
1. Connect the computer to the 505ITM and start the Remote Software.
The Desktop Menu window displays.

2. Click [Connect] and enter the password (505) for the Calibrator tool.
3. Click [Start].
The Calibrator - Signal Selection window displays with the radio button for Input 1
selected.

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4. Click the radio button for the input module that displays Potentiometer. In the example
above, this is Input 3.

CAUTION: Check again that you have selected the correct input module before
proceeding. Calibrating any other input module could erase the systems
calibration values and cause the 505ITM to malfunction.
5. Click [Calibrate].

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The Input Channel Calibration window displays. The Set input signal to field prompts
you to set the pointer to minimum (MIN).
6. Adjust the case face until the pointer is set at the minimum position.

Case face adjusted with the pointer (and potentiometer) moved to minimum

7. Click [Next].

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The Input Channel Calibration window now prompts you to set the pointer to maximum
(MAX).
8. Adjust the case face until the pointer is set at the maximum position.

Case face adjusted with the pointer (and potentiometer) moved to maximum

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9. Click [Finish].
The Level Gauge is now calibrated to the 505ITM. The Minimum value will read 0% on
the LCD display and the Maximum value will read 100%.
10. Immediately exit the Calibrator tool.
11. To use the Level Gauge for alarm setpoints:
(a) Adjust the case face until the pointer is set to an alarm value, either low or high.
(b) Read the LCD display on the front of the 505ITM. Record the value.
(c) In the Output Relays section of the Configurator - Customer tool, use this number for
the setpoint value.

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Frequently Asked Questions About the 505ITM


Q:

In the Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window, what is the Oil Temperature
Adder? And where do I get the values for the other three variables?

A:

The Simple Calculation Setup Method, which uses the Simple CT Temperature
Scaling Setup window, calculates the winding temperature of the transformer by
using the oil temperature of the transformer and the load or current running through
the windings. The RTD input module that measures this oil temperature is the Oil
Temperature Adder. The other three variables in this section of the window are:
Winding Rise Temperature

Current Factor

Winding Time Constant

You can determine the values for these variables from the Transformer Test Report
that is included with the transformer. The temperature rise (or delta T) is the hot
spot temperature of the winding over the oil temperature at a given load. You can
calculate the current by using these steps:
1. Divide the secondary kVA by the secondary voltage.
2. Divide by the instrumentation CT ratio that is being used to give you the load
current for that delta T rise.
Example: The transformer is a 14000 kVA with a winding of 34400 V. The
instrumentation CT is 1200 : 5.
14000 kVA divided by 34400 V equals 407 Amp

407 Amp divided by 1200/5 (or 240) equals 1.69 Amp

The same report indicates that the hot spot rise over fluid is 12.7 C. Therefore, in
the Simple CT Temperature Scaling Setup window, enter:
12.7 C in the Winding Rise Temperature field

1.69 Amp in the Current Factor field

If no value for the Winding Time Constant field is provided on the Transformer
Heat Run Test Report and the manufacturer cannot supply it, then the IEEE Std
C57.91 recommends using a number between 5 and 8 minutes.
Q:

What is a time constant?

A:

The time constant is the time that it takes for the winding temperature to reach
63.2% of its full value for a given current load. That means for a given load on a
transformer, it will take approximately 5 time constants for the winding temperature
to reach its final value. So if the time constant is 6 minutes, it will take the winding
temperature 30 minutes (5 time constants 6 minutes) to reach full temperature for
a given load.

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Q:

What do I do if there isnt a Transformer Heat Run Test Report?

A:

First, call the transformer manufacturers to see if they have a copy of the test report.
If they do not, ask if they have a test report for a similar transformer type or if there
are any specifications mounted directly onto the transformer. If none of this
information is available and this is a retrofit project, do the following:
1. Read the mechanical winding gauge and subtract the oil measurement.
2. Measure the current coming directly off the instrumentation CT.
3. Enter these two values into the remote software.
If you select method 3, the closer to full load that the transformer is running, the
more accurate the values for entering into the system.

Q:

What is the difference between failsafe and non-failsafe for a relay?

A:

In the 505ITM, Qualitrol uses Form C relays. These relays have three contacts:
normally open, normally closed, and common. When the monitor has no power
applied, the common and normally closed contacts are shorted together, while the
common and normally open contacts are open.
For a non-failsafe relay, when power is applied to the 505ITM, the relay contacts are
shorted on the common/normally closed side and open on the common/normally
open side. (This is the same situation as if no power was supplied to the monitor.)
When the controlling input signal reaches the setpoint, the relay changes states so
that the common/normally open side is shorted (closed) and the common/normally
closed side is open. A non-failsafe relay only changes states when the setpoint is
exceeded. This is the reason the trip function is normally assigned to a nonfailsafe relay.
When power is applied to the monitor with a failsafe relay, it immediately changes
states so that the common/normally open side is shorted together and the
common/normally closed side is open. If the controlling signal reaches the setpoint,
or if power is removed from the monitor, the relay changes back to the
common/normally closed state being shorted and the common/normally open state
being open. It is for this reason that most alarms and cooling systems are
connected to failsafe relays, because they will actuate if the setpoint is exceeded or
if the monitor loses power.

Q:

How does the Latching Relay function work?

A:

A latched relay will actuate in the same manner as a non-latching relay when the
setpoint conditions have been exceeded. The difference between a non-latching
relay and a latching relay is that a non-latching relay will return to its pre-existing
state when the setpoint conditions are no longer being exceeded. A latching relay
will remain latched. A latched relay may only return to its pre-existing state if the
setpoint conditions are no longer exceeded and the operator presses the RESET
button on the front panel of the unit during the normal scrolling operation.

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Q:

What does it mean when the unit reads SENSOR ERROR or INVALID
READING?

A:

If the 505ITM detects incorrect wiring, a broken wire, pinched insulation in the
connector, or missing sensor on the RTD input module, it will display SENSOR
ERROR. This alerts the user to investigate the RTD sensor and correct the
situation.
The INVALID READING will display for any CT, Temperature input modules that
use an RTD probe that has a sensor error. The winding temperature is calculated
from the current load and an oil temperature measurement. If the oil temperature
measurement has a sensor error, any calculation will be invalid.
Fixing the RTD issue will correct both the RTD sensor error and the invalid reading
for the winding temperature.

Q:

Are there any particular wiring methods for wiring a 505ITM?

A:

Wire the 505ITM according to your OEM/utility companys practices and industry
standards. For those areas not covered, Qualitrol recommends the following:
Separate all power wiring (supply power, relay outputs, etc.) from analog wiring
(sensor inputs, current loop outputs, etc.) and digital wiring (RS-232, RS-485) in
different conduits, if possible.
Use shielded wire for all and twisted pairs for analog and digital wires. Shielding
and twisted pair will minimize noise radiating to and from the wire.
For all wiring, keep lengths as short as possible and use the heaviest gauge
wire thats practical for the application. Wire has resistance and shorter lengths
and thicker wire minimizes that resistance.
Dress the wires so that none of the leads are pinched or strained, which might
shorten the life of the cabling.

Q:

What exactly is an RTD?

A:

RTD stands for Resistance Temperature Detector, and it is a device whose


resistance changes directly proportional to changes in temperature. For a 100 ohm
RTD, this is approximately 0.385 ohm per degree Celsius, and for a 10 ohm RTD,
this is approximately 0.0385 ohm per degree Celsius. See the following chart for
resistance values of the two types of RTDs at points of interest.
RTD Type

-40C

0C

25C

120C

10 ohm RTD

7.490 ohm

9.035 ohm

10.00 ohm

13.669 ohm

100 ohm RTD

84.27 ohm

100.0 ohm

109.73 ohm

146.06 ohm

Because of the small resistance values in an RTD sensor, Qualitrol recommends a


maximum of 75 feet of cable length. A typical application to measure the resistance
(temperature) changes in an RTD is for a monitor to send an excitation current
through the RTD and then measure the voltage across the device. This voltage is
then translated to the appropriate temperature value by the monitor.
Because an RTD is a resistive device, you must take the wire resistance into
account when doing any accurate measurement calculations. This can be
accomplished in different ways. One way is to send the excitation current through its
own pair of wires and measure the voltage across another pair of wires using only
sensing current. The excitation current will be great enough to make a large

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voltage value, while the sensing current will be small to negate any wire resistance
from being detected. This is the basis for a four-wire RTD measurement and is
considered one of the most accurate.
The 505ITM can accomplish the same accuracy of a four-wire measurement using
only three wires by measuring the wire resistance in one leg of the RTD and
subtracting the resistance temperature twice. For that reason, if you are trying to
connect a four-wire RTD sensor to the 505ITM, tie off one of the legs so that it is not
connected to the terminal block.
Q:

Why does the RTD sensor read either -50 C or 130 C, instead of the correct
value?

A:

The measurement range of the RTD sensor is from -40 - 120 C, but the 509 ITM
will over-range to -50 C or 130 C when one of the following occurs:
1. The wrong sensor is installed:
a 10 ohm RTD sensor is connected to a 100 ohm input module, or

a 100 ohm RTD sensor is connected to a 10 ohm input module.

Verify that the RTD sensor type matches the label on the back of the 509 ITM
dust cover. If the two of these do not match, do one of the following:
obtain the correct sensor type, or

contact Qualitrol about updating the 505ITM unit in the field (purchasing a
new module and getting an update software disk).

2. The calibration for the RTD Input Module has been altered or overwritten. If the
505ITM was incorrectly recalibrated in the field, reinstall the factory calibration
settings. See Using the Factory Calibrator Application Tool (Advanced users
only) in the Software Instructions.
Q:

How do I specify and use the clamp-on CT?

A:

Clamp-on CTs are used with the current input modules and CT, temperature input
modules for calculating simulated winding temperature. Since they are a clamp-on
device, they offer a physical isolation from the transformer and the sensing device
The question sometimes arises of how much burden this CT sensor places on the
transformer. The burden is so small that it can only be measured in a laboratory, so
for all practical purposes the answer is zero as sensed by the transformer.
The output of the clamp-on sensor is from 0 - 0.333 V AC for the entire sensing
range. (0 - 10 Amp AC in corresponds linearly to 0 - 0.333 V AC out.) The clamp-on
CTs have an accuracy of 1% over the full measurement range specified for that CT.
Therefore, when selecting a clamp-on CT for the application, the CT rating should
be as close as possible without being less than the maximum value it will be
measuring. The label value on the clamp-on CT should match the CT clamp-on
sensor rating value. See Input Modules in the Software Instructions.

100

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505ITM Hardware & Software Manual

Appendix
TB1
1

17

18

19

20

21

TB3
1

INPUT MODULE 1

2
3

22

23

24

25

Input Modules

TB4
INPUT MODULE 2

10 26
11 27

TB5

12 28
13 29

14 30

15 31

INPUT MODULE 3

16 32

INPUT MODULE 4

TB2

EARTH GROUND

2
3

TB1 TB1

VAC LINE INPUT (+)

VAC LINE
HEATER

4
5

VACC NEUT INPUT (-)

RELAY 1

Input Power

10 A

INPUT POWER: (UNIVERSAL)


90-264 VAC, 47-63 Hz
40-290 VDC
WATTAGE: < 30 WATTS AC IN
< 15 WATTS DC IN
LINE FUSE - 3.15 AMPS

RELAY 2
10 A

RELAY 3
10 A

RELAY CONTACTS:
10 A @ 115/230 VAC
10 A @ 30 VDC

VACC NEUT
HEATER

17

18

19

TXD+(B)

20

TXD-(A)

21

RXD+(B)

22

RXD-(A)

23

SIGNAL GND

24

25

T/RXD+(B)

10

26

T/RXD-(A)
SIGNAL GND

11

27

12

28

MODEL NO.

13

29

SERIAL NO.

14

30

CURRENT
(-) LOOP 1

15

31

(+)

16

32

RELAY 4
10 A

SYSTEM
STATE
RELAY
10A

MFG. DATE

(+)

RS-485

Optional Heater
TB1-1,17

TB6

1
2

RS-485
Interface

Current Output
Loops

CURRENT
(-) LOOP 2

Alarm Relays

505 Wiring diagram

101

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505ITM Hardware & Software Manual

505ITM Hardware & Software Manual

MENU SWITCH

right
left

05/24/2001
08:28:15

right
left

VIEW/RESET
MAXIMUM MEMORY
up

up
down/enter
TOP OIL CHAN 1
77.5 C
up

TOP OIL
84.5 C
MAX1 1524 051701

up

WINDING CHAN 2
CURRNT 1224.5 A
up

up

AMBIENT CHAN 3
18.4 C
up

up

enter

WIND 1
87.1 C
MIN2 1524 051701

INVALID NUMBER
ID: 111111
(valid)
(invalid)

down/enter
AMBIENT 16.5 C
MIN3 1524 051701

enter
SET TIME/DATE
15:24 05/24/01

up

AMBIENT
22.1 C
MAX3 1524 051701
up

DGA CHAN 4
675.1 PPM

PROGRAM USER
ID: 111111

up
down/enter

down/enter

down/enter

right
left

enter

down/enter
TL1 CRITCAL TIME
0.4 HR TO 100

up

WINDING 1300.3 A
MAX2 1524 051701

CHANGE SETTINGS
ID # REQUIRED

up

TOP OIL
73.2 C
MIN1 1524 051701

down/enter

down/enter

left

up

WINDING
96.3 C
MAX2 1524 051701

right

VIEW TRANSLIFE

down/enter

down/enter

down/enter

right
left

up

up

up

VIEW/RESET
MINIMUM MEMORY

down/enter

down/enter
WINDING CHAN 2
92.5 C

right
left

down/enter
DGA 204.3 PPM
MIN4 1524 051701

down/enter
TL1 CRITCAL TIME
5.4 HR TO 105

up

enter
TOP OIL CHAN 1
ON

up

down/enter

down/enter

DGA
702.8 PPM
MAX4 1524 051701

TL1 CRITCAL TIME


99.9 HR TO 110

up

enter
WINDING CHAN 2
ON

up

down/enter

down/enter

OPERATING HOURS
TOTAL 013992 HRS

TL1 LOSS OF LIFE


PRES RATE 0.96

up

enter
AMBIENT CHAN 3
ON

up
down/enter

top of column

down/enter
down/enter
top of column

down/enter
top of column

TL1 LOSS OF LIFE


HOUR
0.82 HRS

enter
DGA CHAN 4
ON

up
down/enter
TL1 LOSS OF LIFE
DAY
22.94 HRS

enter
RS232 BAUD RATE
19200

up
down/enter
TL1 LOSS OF LIFE
TOTAL 012751 HRS

enter
RS485 BAUD DATA
9600
8

up
down/enter
TL1 REMAIN LIFE
18.58 YEARS

enter
RS485 PARITY STP
NONE
1

up

down/enter
B

enter
UNIT WILL AUTOMATICALLY
REBOOT NOW!

505ITM Hardware & Software Manual


B
up
down/enter
OPERATING HOURS
TOTAL 013992 HRS
up
down/enter
TEMP
TL1

< 80 C
000171 HR
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

80 - 86 C
000200 H

up
down/enter
TEMP
TL1

86 - 92 C
000207 H

up
down/enter
TEMP
TL1

92 - 98 C
000256 H

up
down/enter
TEMP
TL1

98 - 104 C
000326 H

up
down/enter
TEMP
TL1

104 - 110 C
001221 H
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

110 - 116 C
000095 H
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

116 - 122 C
000081 H
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

122 - 128 C
000032 H
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

128 - 134 C
000000 H
up

down/enter
TEMP
TL1

134 - 140 C
000000 H
up
down/enter

TEMP
TL1

> 140 C
000000 H
down/enter

top of column

505ITM Hardware & Software Manual


Index

A
about Qualitrol, 6
about the hardware instructions, 6
AC voltage
input connections, 16
input module, 8
advanced calculation setup, 59
ambient temperature forecast, 69
application, open an, 34
automatic operation, 23

exporting configuration files, 86

F
file menu, 29
four wire RS-485 connection, 22
framework window, 29
frequently asked questions, 98
front panel, 7
functional specifications, 26

H
B
bank switching, 77

C
calibrate
input channels, 38
output channels, 39
calibrations, saving, 39
calibrator application, 37
command buttons, 50, 74
communicate with monitor, 30
communications configuration, 47
configurator applications, 40
connecting monitor, 28
consumed life, 81
controlled by matrix, 73
cooling
equipment exerciser, 72
critical forecast, 82
CT
current parameters, 54
input connections, 15
input module, 8
current
input module, 9
input wiring, 17
custom range, output loops, 76
custom scaling, 53

D
date configuration, 44
DC voltage
input module, 9
input wiring, 17
digital communications, 22
display configuration, 45
dry contact closure
input wiring, 19
module, 9

E
enclosure style monitor, 12
expansion port, 50

hardware installation, 10
heater
configuration, 46
option, 14

I
importing configuration files, 86
input module configuration, 51, 52
install
hardware, 10
monitor, 10
software, 28

L
life consumption, 81
loop parameters, 76

M
main port, 49
menu mode, 23
monitor application, 34
monitor installation, 10
mounting monitors, 12

O
oil rise parameters, 58
open an application, 34
output
loops, 75
relays, 64
output contacts relay wiring, 20
overview
applications, 32
hardware, 5
software, 28

P
panel mount style monitor, 12
password
configuration, 43
new, 43

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505ITM Hardware & Software Manual


potentiometer
input connections, 16
input module, 8
power supply, 13
power up, 23
powered contact
closure module, 9
wiring, 19
program mode, 25

R
relay
control, 65
output, 64
tabs, 65
remote output signal terminals, 21
RS-485 connection, 22
RTD
input module, 8
input wiring, 14
running software, 28

S
save calibrations, 39
seasonal setpoint, 68
service port, 48
setup system, 42
simple calculation setup, 55
simulator application, 36

software instructions, 28
system setup, 42

T
temperature profiler, 84
testing the system, 25
time configuration, 44
translife, 62, 79
translife control, 80
troubleshooting the communications link, 32

U
upper fields, 60

V
view
channels, 23
max readings, 23
min readings, 24

W
winding
rise parameters, 61
temperature and cooling, 60
temperature configuration, 55

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505ITM Hardware & Software Manual

About Qualitrol:
Qualitrol manufactures substation and transformer monitoring and protection devices used by electric utilities and
manufacturing companies. It is the global leader in sales and installations of transformer asset protection equipment, fault
recorders and fault locators. Established in 1945, Qualitrol produces thousands of different types of products on demand,
each customized to customers' unique requirements.
2008 QUALITROL Company LLC, an ISO 9001 system certified company. All rights reserved. Information subject to change without notice.
All trademarks are properties of their respective companies, as noted herein. IST-099-1.

www.qualitrolcorp.com