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Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment


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Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria (Plecoptera:


Perlidae): seven new species, records and life stages
a

Mara Del Carmen Ziga , Bill P. Stark , Juan Jos Vsconez , Fabin Bersosa & L.
Diego Vimos

Valle University, Cali, Colombia

Department of Biology, Mississippi College, Clinton, Mississippi, USA

AGUA Foundation, Quito, Ecuador

ECOCIENCIA Foundation, Quito, Ecuador

Azuay University, Cuenca, Ecuador


Version of record first published: 16 Feb 2007.

To cite this article: Mara Del Carmen Ziga , Bill P. Stark , Juan Jos Vsconez , Fabin Bersosa & L. Diego Vimos (2006):
Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria (Plecoptera: Perlidae): seven new species, records and life stages, Studies on
Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 41:1, 45-57
To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650520500309859

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Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, April 2006; 41(1): 45 57

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria (Plecoptera: Perlidae): seven


new species, records and life stages

N
IGA1, BILL P. STARK2, JUAN JOSE
VA
SCONEZ3,
MARIA DEL CARMEN ZU
4
5
N BERSOSA , & L. DIEGO VIMOS
FABIA
Valle University, Cali, Colombia, 2Department of Biology, Mississippi College, Clinton, Mississippi, USA, 3AGUA
Foundation, Quito, Ecuador, 4ECOCIENCIA Foundation, Quito, Ecuador and 5Azuay University, Cuenca, Ecuador

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(Received 5 September 2003; accepted 7 July 2005)

Abstract
From Colombia and Ecuador seven new species of stoneflies are described: Anacroneuria arcabuco, A. cajas, A. chachis,
A. choco, A. iguaque, A. mindo and A. paisa. New records are also presented for A. azul Rojas & Baena, A. bifasciata (Pictet)
A. calima Baena & Rojas, A. caraca Stark, A. fenestrata (Pictet), A. quilla Stark & Zuniga, A. ricki Zuniga & Stark, A. socapa
Stark & Zuniga, and A. yameo Stark & Sivec. In addition, the previously unknown females of A. anchicaya Baena & Zuniga,
A. jewetti Stark and A. portilla Stark & Rojas are described.

Keywords: Stoneflies, Plecoptera, Anacroneuria, new species, Colombia, Ecuador

Introduction

Materials and methods

Anacroneuria is a widespread Neotropical stonefly


genus found throughout much of South America
from northern Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil through
Central America and Mexico and into Texas and
Arizona (Stark, 1995). The genus is apparently the
most species rich in the order Plecoptera with
approximately 280 taxa currently recognized as valid
(Stark, unpublished), however little ecological and
biological data, and relatively few associations of life
stages are available for these species.
Some recent progress has been made in documenting the Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria fauna (Stark et al., 1999; Stark, 2001; Zuniga
& Stark, 2002). An additional study (Stark & Zuniga,
2003) on the A. guambiana complex also includes
records from Colombia and Ecuador. These studies
present records of 47 Anacroneuria species from
Colombia and 41 for Ecuador.
Here we describe seven new species, three from
Colombia, three from Ecuador and one from both
countries and provide new geographical records for
locations within Colombia and Ecuador.

Holotype specimens are deposited in the Museo de


Entomologa de la Universidad del Valle, Cali
(MEUV), some other specimens are deposited in
the National Museum of Natural History, Washington (USNM), the Stark collection at Mississippi
College, Clinton (BPS), the Collecion Entomologica
de la Corporacion de Investigaciones Biologicas,
Medellin (CECIB), the Museo de Entomologa de la
Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln (MEUA), the
Museo de Entomologa Francisco Luis Gallego de
la Universidad Nacional, Medelln (MEFLG), and
the Museo de Historia Natural, Coleccion de
Entomologa, Insituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional, Santafe de Bogota (UN-ICN).
Results
Anacroneuria arcabuco sp. n. Zuniga & Stark
(Figures 1 4)
Holotype <, from COLOMBIA, Boyaca, Municipio
de Arcabuco, Quebrada Mamarramos, via Villa de

Correspondence: B. P. Stark, Dept. of Biology, Box 4045, Mississippi College, Clinton, MS 39058, USA. Fax: 1-601-9253978. Email: stark@mc.edu
ISSN 0165-0521 print/ISSN 1744-5140 online 2006 Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/01650520500309859

46

M. D. C. Zuniga
base of dorsal keel sharp, triangular, but keel apex
beyond base obscure (Figure 4).
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.
Ecological notes
The type locality, Quebrada Mamarramos, is a small
stream about 2.5 m wide during the dry season and
no more than 0.5 m in depth. The site is in the East
Range of the Natural Region Andinum in Colombia
with mixed riparian vegetation and substrate ranging
from sand to boulder in composition. Water temperature at the time of collection was 158C.

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Diagnosis
This species is closely related to A. tejon Baena &
Stark but is larger (17.5 mm FWL vs. 13 mm) and
the lateral ear-like lobes of the aedeagal apex are
larger and set nearer the tip than in that species. The
anterior margins are also more scalloped in both
dorsal and ventral aspect than in A. tejon (Stark et al.,
1999).
Etymology
The species name, used as a noun in apposition, is
based on the type locality in Municipio de Arcabuco.
Anacroneuria cajas sp. n. Zuniga & Vimos
(Figures 5 9)
Figures 1 4. Anacroneuria arcabuco sp. n. 1. Head and pronotum.
2. Aedeagus ventral. 3. Aedeagus lateral. 4. Aedeagus dorsal.

Leyva-Arcabuco, 2500 m, blacklight trap, 1.XII.


2002, M. del C. Zuniga, N. Aranguren, A.J.
Cardozo- Zuniga (MEUV).
Description
Adult habitus. Head pattern mostly pale with
obscure pale brown on lappets and central frons.
Pronotum with pale mesal and lateral bands separated by wide diffuse brown bands (Figure 1).
Femora pale except near apex; tibia pale brown.
Wing membrane transparent, veins pale.
Male. Forewing length 17.5 mm. Hammer thimble shaped. Aedeagal apex turned sharply ventrad in
lateral aspect and bearing a pair of ear-like lobes
(Figures 2 and 3) giving a trilobed appearance;
frontal margins of shoulders scalloped and separated
from mesal lobe of apex by deep grooves; ventral
membranous lobes reduced, hooks long and slender;

Types
Holotype < and 24 < Paratypes from ECUADOR,
Azuay, Parque Natural Nacional Cajas, Ro Surucucho, 15 km east of Cuenca, 3100 m, 028500 2200 N,
798090 3200 W, blacklight trap, 10.V.2003. M. del C.
Zuniga, D. Vimos, E. Zarate, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga
and co-workers (holotype and paratypes retained by
MEUV until a permanent Ecuadorian repository is
selected). Additional paratype: 1 <, type locality, 028
500 3000 N, 798080 5900 W, 20.IV.2002, M.del C. Zuniga,
E. Domnguez, J. B. Vimos, D. Vimos.
Description
Adult habitus. Head pattern dark on central frons
forward of ocelli and on lappets, obscure brown
extends across occiput (Figure 5). Pronotum covered
with obscure brown with scattered pale areas;
banding indistinct. Femora pale brown but darker
in apical half; tibiae brown. Wing membrane
transparent, veins brown.
Male. Forewing length 19 mm. Hammer a short
thimble shaped structure (Figure 6). Aedeagal apex a

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New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species

47

Figures 5 9. Anacroneuria cajas sp. n. 5. Head and pronotum. 6. Male 9th sternum. 7. Aedeagus ventral. 8. Aedeagus lateral. 9. Aedeagus
dorsal. sp. n.

simple scoop, gradually narrowed from broad


shoulders to pointed tip (Figure 7); membranous
ventral lobes obscure, circular, hooks slender; keel of
two moderately long but weak ridges (Figure 8).
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.
Etymology
The species name, used as a noun in apposition, is
based on the type locality in Parque Natural
Nacional Cajas.
Diagnosis
This species keys to couplet 29 in Stark (2001) if the
choice without conspicuous membranous lobes is
made at couplet 8; at couplet 29 neither of the
alternatives, A. canelo Stark or A. puna Stark, are
reasonable. If the choice with one or two conspicuous membranous lobes is made at couplet 8, the
species keys to A. jivaro Stark. It differs from this

species in the conspicuous constriction of the aedeagal


apex beyond the shoulders (Figures 7 and 9).
Ecological notes
The type locality in Parque Natural Nacional Cajas is
in a region of high mountains, the Andinum Paramo,
at a stream site about 7.0 m wide and 0.8 m deep.
Collections were made during the rainy season with
water temperature of 108C and pH 7.9. Substrate
was predominantly gravel and sand.
Anacroneuria chachis sp. n. Stark & Vasconez
(Figures 10 14)
Anacroneuria aymara Stark, 2001, not Stark & Sivec
(1998).
Types
Holotype <, from ECUADOR, Pichincha, Parroquia
de Mindo, Ro Mindo, 1310 m, 008030 5900 S,

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48

M. D. C. Zuniga

Figures 10 14. Anacroneuria chachis sp. n. 10. Head and pronotum. 11. Male 9th sternum. 12. Aedeagus ventral. 13. Aedeagus lateral.
14. Aedeagus dorsal.

788450 5500 W, 20.V.2003, blacklight trap, M. del C.


Zuniga, J. J. Vasconez, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga
(holotype retained by MEUV until a permanent
Ecuadorian repository is selected); Paratype:
ECUADOR, 1 <, Pastaza, 22 km W Puyo,
5.II.1976, P.J. Spangler et al. (USNM).

(Figure 13) and with a small keel of two short


divergent ridges (Figure 14); keel edges with minute
serrae giving rough appearance.
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.
Etymology

Description
Adult habitus. Head pattern with diffuse to
moderately dark brown pigment over occiput and
much of frons; lappets dark brown (Figure 10).
Pronotum covered with diffuse brown and
scattered pale rugosities. Fore femora with pale
longitudinal, median band; tibiae brown, wing
membrane pale brown, veins dark brown except
pale costa.
Male. Forewing length 9.5 10 mm. Hammer
thimble shaped, height greater than apical diameter
(Figure 11). Aedeagal apex gradually narrowed
through shoulders to slightly notched tip (Figure 12);
aedeagus with subchelate hooks and a pair of small
membranous lobes on apex; apex bent ventrad

The species name, used as a noun in apposition,


honors the native people of the Pacific coastal region
of Ecuador.
Diagnosis
This species is a member of the A. aymara complex
defined by Zuniga and Stark (2002). Stark (2001)
tentatively listed the paratype specimen above as A.
aymara but noted . . . this specimen differs subtly
from the holotype of A. aymara in having a small
apical notch. The presence of a second specimen
from the same area which shares this feature supports
recognition of this population as a species distinct
from A. aymara.

New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species


Ecological notes
Rio Mindo is in the foothills of the Ecuadorian
Andes near the Pacific region in tropical humid
forest. The stream was about 10 m wide and 0.8 m
deep during the rainy season. Water temperature at
the time of collection was 208C.

Anacroneuria choco sp. n. Stark & Bersosa


(Figures 15 19)
Anacroneuria Co-7, Zuniga & Stark, 2002.

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Types
Holotype < from COLOMBIA, Choco, Municipio
de Acand, Cerrro de Tripogand, 2 km Bahia de
Napu, Quebrada Coquital, 88230 5800 N, 778080 4600 W,
July 2000, blacklight trap, 115 m, M. P. Rozo, C.
Camargo (MEUV). Paratypes: COLOMBIA, 11 ,,
Choco, same location except, 16 18.VI.1999, M.
del C. Zuniga, M. P. Rozo, C. Camargo, L. C. Vera,
T. Daz (MEUV, BPS, USNM); COLOMBIA, 1 <,
1,, Magdalena Parque Natural Nacional Tayrona,

49

Pueblito, 225 m, 29.III.2000, Malaise trap (UNIC);


COLOMBIA, 2 ,, Choco, Municipio de Nuqu,
Juribida, Morro Mico, margin of pristine forest,
Borde Quebrada, blacklight trap, 4.IV.1995, Grupo
CIB (CECIB); 1 ,, same location, except blacklight
trap, 20.XI.1995 (CECIB); 1 ,, same location,
except 25.XI.1995 (CECIB); COLOMBIA, 1 ,,
Choco, Municipio de Nuqu, Juribida, Morro Mico,
Intra, white light trap, 23.V.1995, P. Duque (CECIB); COLOMBIA, 1 ,, Choco, Municipio de
Nuqu, Juribida, Comunidad Embera, Rastrojo,
Jama, 13VII.1995, B. Amagara (CECIB). ECUADOR, 1 <, Esmeraldas, Canton Eloy Alfaro,
Comunidad Sirena, Estero Ro Bravo, drainage basin
Ro Cayapas, 50 m, Trampa de luz, 15.IV.2001,
18070 3700 N, 788400 3400 W, M. Herrera, D. Bunay
(MEUV); ECUADOR, 1,, Esmeraldas, Canton
Eloy Alfaro, Estero Ro San Miguel, drainage basin
Ro Cayapas, blacklight trap, 50 m, 16.IV.2002.
08400 2300 N, 788570 2700 W, M. del C. Zuniga, E.
Domnguez, F. Bersosa, M. Herrera, D. Bunay
(MEUV). ECUADOR, 3 <, 3,, Pichincha, Provincia de Maldonado, Puerto Quito, Ro Caoni, 190 m,
08070 1400 N, 79814(35W, blacklight trap, 21.V.2003,

Figures 15 19. Anacroneuria choco sp. n. 15. Head and pronotum. 16. Female 89th sterna. 17. Aedeagus ventral. 18. Aedeagus lateral.
19. Aedeagus dorsal.

50

M. D. C. Zuniga

M. del C. Zuniga, J. J. Vasconez, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga


(Paratypes from Ecuador retained by MEUV until a
permanent Ecuadorian repository is selected).

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Description
Adult habitus. Head yellow with diffuse brown on lappets and central frons forward of ocelli. Pronotum pale
on median band and along lateral margins, dark brown
in an irregular mid lateral to lateral band (Figure 15).
Wing membrane transparent but tinted along M, Cu
and R veins and around window beyond cord. Femora
dark in apical fourth, pale basally; tibiae pale brown.
Male. Forewing length 8.5 9.0 mm. Hammer
thimble shaped, height greater than apical diameter.
Aedeagal apex trilobed; lateral lobes relatively acute
in ventral and dorsal aspect (Figures 17 and 19) but
rounded in lateral aspect (Figure 18); ventral membranous lobes conspicuous, hooks slender; dorsal
keel obscure (Figure 19).
Female. Forewing length 11.0 12.0 mm. Subgenital plate with four subequal lobes; outer lobes slightly
wider and longer than inner lobes (Figure 16). Transverse sclerite of sternum 9 reduced to a small curved
plate set forward of membranous microtrichia patch on
posterior margin. Median sclerite with fine mesal setal
patch and larger setae in lateral patches.
Nymph unknown.
Etymology
The species name, used as a noun in apposition, is
based on the type locality in Departamento del Choco.
Diagnosis
In Stark (1999) the males of this species key to
A. paleta Stark but the aedeagus of that species lacks
large membranous lobes and the lateral lobes project
entirely from the ventrolateral surface, whereas in
A. choco the anterolateral margins of the dorsal
surface project to form the lateral lobes. In Stark
(2001), A. choco keys to A. cayapa, an Ecuadorian
species which has rounded lateral aedeagal lobes, a
distinctive keel on the mesal aedeagal lobe, and lacks
ventral membranous lobes. In addition A. cayapa
lacks the distinctive wing pigment pattern of A. choco.
That pattern, as indicated by Zuniga and Stark
(2002), also occurs in A. paria Stark from Venezuela,
but the aedeagal structure of this species is quite
different from that of A. choco (Stark, 1999).

wide and about 0.25 m deep at the collection site and


water temperature was 208C at the time of collection
of the holotype. Ecuadorian specimens are from the
northwest part of the country also in the Region
Natural Pacifica and Choco biogeographical region.

Anacroneuria iguaque sp. n. Zuniga & Stark


(Figures 20 24)
Types
Holotype < and 2 < Paratypes from COLOMBIA,
Boyaca, Municipio de Arcabuco, Ro Cane, Va Villa
de Leyva-Arcabuco, blacklight trap, 2500 m,
12.XII2002, M. del C. Zuniga, N. Aranguren, A. J.
Cardozo-Zuniga and co-workers (MEUV, BPS).
Description
Adult habitus. Head with dark brown patch over
ocelli and lappets, and diffuse brown on central frons
between lappets and behind eyes (Figure 20).
Pronotum mostly dark but with narrow pale median
band and scattered pale areas on disc and along
lateral margins. Femora and tibiae brown. Wing
membrane amber, veins brown.
Male. Forewing length 14 mm. Hammer thimble
shaped, height slightly greater than apical diameter
(Figure 21). Aedeagal apex simple, scoop shaped
with slightly offset mesal lobe at tip (Figures 22 and
24); membranous ventral lobes inconspicuous,
hooks slender; dorsal keel well developed consisting
of a pair of parallel ridges united basally to form a
U-shaped process (Figure 24); keel very thin and
prominent in lateral aspect (Figure 23).
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.
Etymology
The species name, used as a noun in apposition,
refers to the area of forest and fauna reserve at the
type locality.
Diagnosis
This species is generally similar in aedeagal features
to A. planada Baena & Rojas (Stark et al., 1999) and
A. timote Stark (Stark, 1999) but differs from both in
having the dorsal keel U-shaped.

Ecological notes
The type locality is in the lowland of Region Natural
Pacifica of the Choco caribe in Colombia. The site is
in tropical humid forest with annual rainfall between
1900 and 3000 mm. Quebrada Coquital is about 2 m

Ecological notes
The type locality is in high tropical mountains of the
East Range of the Natural Region Andinum in
Colombia. Collections were made in the dry season

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New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species

51

Figures 20 24. Anacroneuria iguaque sp. n. 20. Head and pronotum. 21. Male 9th sternum. 22. Aedeagus ventral. 23. Aedeagus lateral.
24. Aedeagus dorsal.

when water temperature was 158C, stream width was


about 3.5 m and stream depth was 0.6 m.
Anacroneuria mindo sp. n. Zuniga & Vasconez
(Figures 25 29)
Types
Holotype < from ECUADOR , Pichincha, Parroquia
Mindo, Ro Mindo, 1310 m, 008030 5900 S, 788
450 5500 W, blacklight trap, 20.V.2003, M. del C.
Zuniga, J. J. Vasconez, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga
(Holotype retained by MEUV until a permanent
Ecuadorian repository is selected).
Description
Adult habitus. Head pattern obscure due to specimen condition but apparently pale or with diffuse
pigment over much of posterior half and with dark
brown lappets (Figure 25). Pronotum with wide
median pale band and darker lateral bands with

scattered pale spots. Femora brown but with pale


longitudinal band, tibiae pale brown. Wing membrane transparent, veins brown, costa pale brown.
Male. Forewing length 16.5 mm. Hammer thimble shaped, height subequal to apical diameter
(Figure 26). Aedeagal apex short, wide and with a
pair of prominent dorsoapical horns (Figures 27 and
29); ventral membranous lobes obscure, hooks
slender; dorsal keel of two low curved ridges; horns
obscure in lateral aspect (Figure 28).
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.
Etymology
The species name, used as a noun in apposition, is
based on Ro Mindo, the type locality.
Diagnosis
This species is similar in aedeagal features to
A. caraca Stark but the apical area is more compressed, the horns are more prominent, the dorsal

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52

M. D. C. Zuniga

Figures 25 29. Anacroneuria mindo sp. n. 25. Head and pronotum. 26. Male 9th sternum. 27. Aedeagus ventral. 28. Aedeagus lateral.
29. Aedeagus dorsal.

keel more conspicous and the hooks are slender rather


than subchelate as in that species (Stark, 1995). In
addition, A. caraca males are much smaller with
forewing lengths of around 10 mm.
Ecological notes
See above under A. chachis.
Anacroneuria paisa sp. n. Zuniga & Stark,
(Figures 30 34)
Types
Holotype < from COLOMBIA, Antioquia, Municipio de Medelln, Parque Ecologico Piedras Blancas,
Quebrada Matasano, blacklight trap, 2350 m,
13.X.2002, 068160 2200 N, 758300 0600 W, M. del C.
Zuniga, J. A. Posada, A. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV).

Description
Adult habitus. Head mostly pale but with diffuse
pigment on lappets and central frons forward of
ocelli (Figure 30). Pronotum pale with narrow midlateral bands. Femora pale except for dark apical
band; tibiae pale brown. Wing membrane transparent, veins pale brown but darker M-veins form an
X-pattern when folded over abdomen.
Male. Forewing length 16.5 mm. Hammer
thimble shaped, height greater than apical diameter
(Figure 31). Aedeagal apex a simple narrow,
subapically constricted scoop (Figure 32); ventral
membranous lobes prominent, hooks scythe
shaped; dorsal keel of two long curved ridges which
touch beyond mid-length to form an X-pattern
(Figure 34).
Female unknown.
Nymph unknown.

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New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species

53

Figures 30 34. Anacroneuria paisa sp. n. 30. Head and pronotum. 31. Male 9th sternum. 32. Aedeagus ventral. 33. Aedeagus lateral.
34. Aedeagus dorsal.

The species name, used as a noun in apposition, is


based on an informal name for the native people of
Antioquia.

low mountains with humid forest having a mean


annual precipitation of 1815 mm. Water temperature
at the time of collection was 158C, stream width was
about 2.5 m and depth about 0.5 m. The collection
was made during the rainy season.

Diagnosis

New records

Etymology

The aedeagus of this species is similar to two


Ecuadorian species, A. rawlinsi Stark and A. tungurahua Stark, in having a long slender, subapically
constricted aedeagal tip with long dorsal keel (Stark,
2001). However, A. paisa differs from both in having
prominent membranous lobes. These species are
found at elevations above 2000 m.

Anacroneuria anchicaya Baena & Zuniga


(Figure 35)
Anacroneuria anchicaya Baena & Zuniga in Stark
et al., 1999. Holotype < Colombia ,Valle del Cauca,
Alto Anchicaya.

Ecological notes

Examined material

The type locality is in the Central Range of the


Natural Region Andinum of Colombia. The site is in

COLOMBIA: 5<, Valle del Cauca, Municipio de


Riofro, Ro Riofro, 5 km above Salonica, 1150 m,

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54

M. D. C. Zuniga

blacklight trap, 11.IV.2002, 048070 3900 N, 768220


0600 W, M. del C. Zuniga, J. Ballesteros, A. J.
Cardozo-Zuniga (USNM, BPS); 16 <, 2,, Same
location, except 22.IV2002 (MEUV, USNM, BPS,
MEUA, UNICN, MEFLG); 12 <, Valle del Cauca,
Municipio de Riofro, Ro La Cristalina, 2 km west of
Salonica, upper basin of Ro Riofro, 1240 m,
20.XIII.2000, 048070 3900 N, 768240 1300 W, M. del C.
Zuniga, M. Grisales, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV);
11<, 3,, Same location, except 26.XIII.2000 (MEUV);
3,, Same location, 16.X.2001, M. del C. Zuniga, M.
Grisales, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV); 1,, Valle del
Cauca, Municipio de Riofro, Ro Riofro, bridge in
Salonica, 9.IX.2000, blacklight trap, 048080 0700 N,
768220 0700 W, 1110 m, M. del C. Zuniga, M. Grisales,
R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV); 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de Amaga, 1332 m, at light, August 1980, A. M.
del Corral (MEFLG); 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de
Medelln, 1538 m, Malaise trap, September 1945, F.
Gallego (MEFLG); 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de
Medelln, 1538 m, in flight, December 1971, R.
Ramrez (MEFLG); 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de
Medelln, 1538 m, April 1942, F. Gallego (MEFLG).
Discussion
This material includes the putative females described
below. This species was known previously from
several sites in Valle del Cauca (Stark et al., 1999;
Zuniga & Stark, 2002), but these are the first
specimens reported from Antioquia. The females
are not as dark as the males and they are somewhat
larger than is typical for small males, therefore we
regard this as a tentative association. The subgenital
plate notch differs from that of most known species.
Putative female
Forewing length 14 15 mm. Subgenital plate
bilobed (Figure 35), notch small and V-shaped.
Sternum 9 with well-developed transverse sclerite
and a pair of obscure lateral sclerites adjacent to
mesal sclerite; mesal sclerite clothed with bristles,
median bristles shorter and finer than lateral bristles.

Anacroneuria azul Rojas & Baena


Anacroneuria azul Rojas & Baena in Stark et al.,
1999. Holotype <, Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Ro
Azul, middle reach of Ro Calima.
Anacroneuria azul: Zuniga & Stark, 2002.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de Concepcion, 1862 m, May 1996, blacklight trap,

F. Serna & J. Hurtado (MEFLG); 1<, Antioquia,


Municipio de Medelln, 1538 m, February 1971, in
forest, E. Amaya (MEFLG).
Discussion
Although A. azul is recorded from Antioquia
(Zuniga & Stark, 2002), no specific locality was
given. These males confirm the presence of this
species in Antioquia.

Anacroneuria bifasciata (Pictet)


Perla bifasciata Pictet, 1841: Holotype ,, Colombia,
Moritz
Anacroneuria bifasciata: Zwick, 1972.
Anacroneuria bifasciata: Stark, 1995.
Anacroneuria bifasciata: Stark et al., 1999.
Anacroneuria bifasciata: Stark, 1999.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 1,, Antioquia, Municipio de Taraza,
100 m, 8.I.1972, in light trap, G. Cano M (MEFLG).
Discussion
Although A. bifasciata was originally described from
a Colombian specimen (Pictet, 1841; Zwick, 1972),
all recent material is from Venezuela (Stark, 1995,
1999). This female, collected at a light over 30 years
ago, is the first confirmed Colombian record of
this species since the holotype collection in the
nineteenth century.

Anacroneuria calima Baena & Rojas


Anacroneuria calima Baena & Rojas in Stark et al.,
1999. Holotype <, Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Ro
Azul, middle reach of Ro Calima.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 1<, Antioquia, Municipio de
Puerto Triunfo, Ro Claro, 115 m, in flight, May
1995, A. Madrigal (MEFLG); 1<, Valle del Cauca,
Municipio de Buenaventura, Alto Ro Anchicaya,
555 m, light trap, 6.X.1994, A. Arcila (MEUV).
Discussion
This species was previously reported from three sites
in Cauca and Valle del Cauca (Stark et al., 1999).
The Antioquia specimen represents the first record
from that department.

New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species


Anacroneuria caraca Stark
Anacroneuria caraca Stark, 1995. Holotype <,
Venezuela, Aragua, Parque Nacional Henri Pittier,
Ro Limon.

detailed comparison is needed to confirm this


determination.

Anacroneuria jewetti Stark (Figure 36)


Anacroneuria jewetti Stark, 2001. Holotype <, San
Francisco de Borja, Napo, Ecuador.

Examined material

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55

COLOMBIA: 2<, Antioquia, Municipio de San


Luis, 1050 m, light trap, July 1983, G. Morales
(MEFLG); 8<, Antioquia, Municipio de Tamesis,
Quebrada La Guamo, middle reach of Rio Cauca,
640 m, 058480 0200 N, 758400 3200 W, blacklight trap,
14.X.2002, M. del C. Zuniga, J. A. Posada, A. J.
Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV, MEUA, BPS, USNM,
UN-ICN); 5<, 2,, Valle del Cauca, Municipio de
Riofro, Ro Riofro, 5 km above Salonica, 1150 m,
blacklight trap, 22.IX.2002, 048070 3900 N, 768
220 0600 W, M.del C. Zuniga, J. Ballesteros, A. J.
Cardozo- Zuniga, C. A. Cardona (USNM, BPS);
4<, Same locality, except 11.IX.2002 (BPS,
MEUA).

Examined material
ECUADOR: 6 <, 1,, Pichincha, Parroquia Mindo,
Ro Mindo, 1310 m, 08030 5900 S, 788450 5500 W,
20.V.2003, blacklight trap, M. del C. Zuniga,
J.J. Vasconez, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV).
Discussion
This material includes the putative female specimen
described below. The species is known from several
sites in Ecuador (Stark, 2001) including Pichincha.
These females are in close agreement in size and
color pattern with associated males.

Discussion
Zuniga and Stark
records of this
Valle del Cauca.
represent the first
department.

(2002) gave the first Colombian


species from Magdalena and
These records from Antioquia
collection of the species in that

Anacroneuria fenestrata (Pictet)


Perla fenestrata Pictet, 1841. Holotype <, Colombia.
Anacroneuria fenestrata: Zwick, 1972.
Anacroneuria fenestrata: Stark, 1995.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 1<, Boyaca, Municipio de Arcabuco,
Santuario de Flora y Fauna de Iguaque, Cabana
Carrizal, 2850 m, 28.VI2001 18.VII.2001, 058250 N,
738270 W, P. Reina (UNICN); 1<, Boyaca, Same
location, July 2000, Malaise trap (UNICN); 1<,
Boyaca, Municipio de Arcabuco, Quebrada Mamarramos, Va Villa de Leyva-Arcabuco, blacklight trap,
2500 m, 11.XII.2002, M. del C. Zuniga, N.
Aranguren, A. J. Cardozo-Zuniga and co-workers
(MEUV).
Discussion
These male specimens appear to be conspecific with
the single male reported from Venezuela by Stark
(1995). All three specimens are significantly
larger then the holotype (Zwick, 1972) and a

Figures 35 37. Female subgenital plates. 35. Anacroneuria


anchicaya. 36. Anacroneuria jewetti. 37. Anacroneuria portilla.

56

M. D. C. Zuniga

Putative female
Forewing length 13.5 mm. Subgenital plate of four
subequal lobes (Figure 36); outer lobes slightly
longer than inner lobes. Sternum 9 with welldeveloped transverse sclerite; mesal sclerite with
typical setal patches (Figure 36). Eggs spindle shaped
and typical of genus.

Anacroneuria portilla Stark & Zuniga (Figure 37)


Anacroneuria portilla Stark & Zuniga in Stark et al.,
1999. Holotype <, Colombia, Cauca, 18 km N
Popayan.

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Examined material
COLOMBIA: 6 <, 2,, Valle del Cauca, Municipio de
Riofro, Ro La Cristalina, 2 km west of Salonica, upper
reach of Ro Riofro, 1240 m, 17.XIII.2000, 48070
39N00 , 768240 1300 W, M. del C. Zuniga, M. Grisales,
R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV, MEFLG, MEUA,
UNICN); 10 <, 2,, same location, except 20.XIII.2000
(MEUV); 4 <, same data, except 26.XIII.2000
(MEUV, USNM); 4 <, same location, except 5 January
2001, (MEUV, MEFLG); 10 <, 6,, same location,
except 16.IX.2001, M. del C. Zuniga, J. Echeverri, R. J.
Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV, MEUA); 4 <, 4 ,, same data,
except, 6.III.2001 (MEUA, UNICN, BPS); 6 <, 13,,
Valle del Cauca, Municipio de Riofro, Ro Riofro,
5 km above Salonica, 1150 m, blacklight trap,
22.IX.2002, 48070 3900 N, 768220 06W00 , M. del C.
Zuniga, J. Ballesteros, A. J. Cardozo- Zuniga, C. A.
Cardona (USNM, BPS); 24 ,, same location, except
28.VIII.2002 (MEFLG, MEUV, BPS, USNM); 4 ,,
same location, except 11.IX.2002 (MEUV); 1 <,
Cauca, Municipio de Popayan, Ro Palace, Puente va
Panamericana, blacklight trap, 30.IV.2000, M. del C.
Zuniga, R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga (MEUV); 1 <, Cauca,
middle reach of Ro Piendamo, Puente va Panamericana, 1800 m, blacklight trap, 2.V.2000, 48370 4500 N,
768310 3700 W, M. del C. Zuniga, A. J. Cardozo-Zuniga,
M. Amaya (MEUA).
Discussion
This material includes the putative female specimen
described below. The species was previously known
from three males collected at two sites in Cauca
(Stark et al., 1999, Zuniga & Stark, 2002).
Putative female
Forewing length 13 14 mm. Subgenital plate fourlobed with lobes subequal in length and width
(Figure 37). Lateral lobes each with a pair of short
setal fringes set diagonally near lobe apex; inner lobes

bare along the margins. Transverse sclerite of sternum


9 well developed; mesal sclerite clothed with fine short
median bristles and longer bristles in lateral patches.

Anacroneuria quilla Stark & Zuniga


Anacroneuria quilla Stark & Zuniga in Stark et al.,
1999. Holotype <, Colombia, Risaralda, Termales
de Santa Rosa de Cabal.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 1<, Caldas, Reserva Natural Ro
Blanco (MEUV).
Discussion
This male specimen is the first Anacroneuria record
for Caldas Department.

Anacroneuria ricki Zuniga & Stark


Anacroneuria ricki Zuniga & Stark, 2002. Holotype <,
Ro Escalerete, Valle del Cauca, Municipio de
Buenaventura, Colombia.
Examined material
ECUADOR: 1 <, Esmeraldas, Canton Eloy Alfaro,
Ro San Miguel, Charco Vicente, 40 m, 08410 3600 N,
788540 3300 W, 14.IV.2002, blacklight trap, M. del C.
Zuniga, E. Domnguez, F. Bersosa, M. Herrera and
co-workers (MEUV).
Discussion
This species was previously known from the type
locality in Colombia.

Anacroneuria socapa Stark & Zuniga


Anacroneuria socapa Stark & Zuniga in Stark et al.,
1999. Holotype <, Colombia, Risaralda, Termales
de Santa Rosa de Cabal.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 2<, Antioquia, Municipio de Betania, Farallones del Citara, Vereda La Oculta,
Quebrada Agualinda, house light, 7.XIII.1996,
O.E. Ortega (MEFLG); 1,, Cauca, Municipio de
Silvia, Vereda La Ovejera, Quebrada La Ovejera,
2600 m, 6.I.2000, 28440 1100 N, 768190 5900 W, blacklight trap, M. del C. Zuniga, A. J. Cardozo-Zuniga,

New Colombian and Ecuadorian Anacroneuria species


J. F. Ruiz (MEUV); 1<, Cauca, Municipio de
Silvia, upper reach of Ro Piendamo, Puente
Ambachico, 2400 m, blacklight trap, 25.I.2000,
28360 2600 N, 768230 2200 W, M. del C. Zuniga, A. J.
Cardozo-Zuniga, J. Cuene P (BPS).
Discussion
The species is common in collections from Cauca
and Valle del Cauca, but the two males from
Antioquia represent the second collection from that
Department (Stark et al., 1999; Stark & Zuniga,
2003).

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Anacroneuria yameo Stark & Sivec


Anacroneuria yameo Stark & Sivec, 1998. Holotype <,
Ro Nanay, Mishana, Loreto, Peru.
Examined material
COLOMBIA: 2 <, Municipio de Leticia, Quebrada
La Arenosa, km 11 va Tarapaca, basin of Ro
Amazonas, blacklight trap, 93 m, 26.V.2002,
48070 3000 N, 698570 2500 W, D. Emmerich (MEUV).
Discussion
This species was previously known from two
relatively low sites in northern Peru and Bolivia
(Stark & Sivec, 1998).
Acknowledgments
We are grateful to the following individuals and
institutions for the loan of specimens: G. Morales,
Museo de Entomologa Francisco Luis Gallego,
Universidad Nacional, Medelln; F. Fernandez and
J. E. Castillo, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt,
Villa de Leyva, Colombia; M. Sharkey and
B. Brown, Proyecto Diversidad de Insectos de
Colombia- IAvH, UK, UAESPNN-Grant DEB
No. 9972024 de NSF, Villa de Leyva, Colombia;
G. Amat, Coleccion Entomologica del Instituto de

57

Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional, Santafe


de Bogota; J. S. Zuluaga, Coleccion Entomologica
de la Corporacion de Investigaciones Biologicas, Medelln, Colombia. We especially thank
O. E. Ortega, M. P. Rozo, C. Camargo and
D. Emmerich for specimens they provided from
Antioquia, Choco and Amazonas, Colombia;
Ministerio Ecuatoriano del Ambiente, Comision de
Gestion Ambiental, Municipalida de Cuenca, Ecuador, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones, Agua Potable
y Alcantarillado- ETAPA, Cuenca; C. Carrera,
K. Fierro, M. Herrera, D. Bunay (Fundacion
ECOCIENCIA); J. B. Vimos and E. Zarate, Fundacion AGUA and E. Domnguez for their assistance
in collectiong in Ecuador. N. Aranguren, C. A.
Cardona, A. J. and R. J. Cardozo-Zuniga,
M. Grisales, J. Ballesteros, J. Escheverri and
J. A. Posada, for their assistance in collecting in
Colombia. The material collected in the Pacific
Ecuadoran region had the support of the Fundacion
ECOCIENCIA, Quito.
References
Pictet FJ. 1841. Histoire naturelle generale et particulie`re des
insectes Neuropte`res. Fam des Perlides I Partie 1 423.
Stark BP. 1995. New species and records of Anacroneuria
(Klapalek) from Venezuela. Spixiana 18:211 249.
Stark BP. 1999. Anacroneuria from northeastern South America
(Insecta: Plecoptera: Perlidae). Proc Biol Soc Washington
112:70 93.
Stark BP. 2001. Records and descriptions of Anacroneuria from
Ecuador (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Scopolia 46:1 42.
Stark BP, Sivec I. 1998. Anacroneuria of Peru and Bolivia
(Plecoptera: Perlidae). Scopolia 40:1 64.
Stark BP, Zuniga M del C, Rojas AM, Baena ML. 1999.
Colombian Anacroneuria: Descriptions of new and old species.
Spixiana 22:13 46.
Stark BP, Zuniga M del C. 2003. The Anacroneuria guambiana
complex of South America (Plecoptera: Perlidae). In: Gaino. E,
editor. Research update on Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera.
Italy: University of Perugia. p. 151 159.
Zuniga M del C, Stark BP. 2002. New species and records
of Colombian Anacroneuria (Insecta, Plecoptera, Perlidae).
Spixiana 25:209 224.
Zwick P. 1972. Die Plecopteren Pictets und Burmeisters, mit
Angaben uber weitere Arten (Insecta). Rev Suisse Zool
78:1123 1194.