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Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Variable-Speed Drives
We are the experts in hydrodynamic variable-speed drives at Voith Turbo.
Voith Turbo, the specialist for hydrodynamic drive, coupling and braking systems for road,
rail and industrial applications, as well as for ship propulsion systems, is a Group Division
of VoithGmbH.
Voith sets standards in the markets energy, oil & gas, paper, raw materials and transporta
tion & automotive. Founded in 1867, Voith employs almost 40000 people, generates Euro
5.2billion in sales, operates in about 50 countries around the world and is today one of the
biggest family-owned companies in Europe.

Voith Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Developed for Reliability
Voith Turbo is the worldwide leading manufacturer of hydrodynamic
variable-speed drives. Continuous development keeps our products
at the latest state of technology.
Ongoing research, state-of-the-art test equipment and a compre
hensive quality assurance system form the basis of the reliability
of Voith variable-speed couplings. Voith variable-speed turbo coup
lings are renowned all over the world for numerous features and
customer benefits in the widest range of applications.

Fields of applications, drives of:

Power plants:
Fans
Pumps
Materials handling:
Slurry pumps
Belt conveyors
District heating plants:
Circulating pumps

Chemical industry:
Pumps
Fans
Mixers
Centrifuges
Oil & gas industry:
Pumps
Compressors

Metallurgical industry:
Blowers
Descaling pumps
Water industry:
Water supply and waste water
pumps

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Voith Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Unique Advantages Strong Benefits
Voith variable speed couplings are the optimum solution for a reli
able operation of your plant.
They are renowned for numerous features and customer benefits.
Those are i.e. cost and energy saving, easy maintenance, long ser
vice life. They alltogether result in a unmatched total cost of owner
ship for the operator in a wide range of applications.
Customers all over the world count on the unique range of benefits:

Precise load adaptation of driven


machines due to the high control
accuracy and fast reaction times.

Easy maintenance, low mainten


ance costs.

Wear-free transmission of power


through kinetic energy of a fluid.

Low downtimes due to extremely


high reliability and availability.

Mechanical separation and thus protection of motor and driven machine


by dampening of torsional vibrations
and shock loads.

Long service life.

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Relieved motor start-up and smooth


acceleration of heavy masses results in less stress and thus a longer
service life of the motor.

Compact and robust design.

Energy savings, lower operation


cost and extension of the life time
of the driven machine compared to
fixed speed.

Suitable for a wide variety of environmental conditions (i.e. tropical


climates, desert, arctic and hazardous areas).

Integrated lube oil system. Lube oil


supply to motor and driven machine.

Optimium total cost of ownership


compared to alternative drive
systems.

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Function

Simplified cross section

1
2

1 Pump wheel
2 Turbine wheel
3 Shell
4 Scoop tube housing
5 Oil sump
6 Oil circulation pump
7 Scoop tube
8 Working oil cooler

1 2

8
5

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

4 7

Voith variable-speed turbo coup


lings are fluid couplings, connecting
the prime mover in most cases an
electric motor with the driven ma
chine. The coupling transmits the
power by means of the kinetic en
ergy of the fluid, mostly oil. It circu
lates in a closed working chamber
between the pump wheel, connect
ed to the input shaft, and a turbine
wheel, connected to the output
shaft.
The filling grade of the operating
fluid can be varied during operation
between 0% and 100%, thus en
abling exact and stepless speed
control of the driven machine. The
operating range depends on the
load characteristics (torque relative
to speed).

Voith Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Torque Curves
Operating range

125

40%

50%

60%

70% 80%

100%

III

The performance diagram shows


the transmittable coupling
torques TK at different scoop
tube positions as a function of
the output speed. The desired
output speed is the result of a
stable intersection between
coupling torque TK and load
torque (load curve).

smin
1

100
I

TK in %

75

30%
II

2
3

50
20%
4

25
10%

IV

0%
0

50
Output speed in % of input speed

100

Torque curves of different driven machines against


variable-speed turbo coupling performance curves

Operating ranges:


I, IV Starting range

II
Control range

III
Overload range
The continuity of the curve is subject to
modifications, since minor deviations
of coupling size, circulation volume and
oil viscosity are possible.

Parameters:

Typical load curves:

Scoop tube position in %


of the full scoop-tube stroke.

TK

Transmitted coupling torque

smin

Minimum slip required


for torque transmission

n
s=
1 n2

1

100 [%]

n 1

Input speed

n 2

Output speed

1 Constant torque
(e. g. positive displacement pumps,
and compressors)
2 Decreasing torque
(e. g. boiler feed pumps operating
at varying pressure)
3 Parabolic torque
(resistance parabola, pumps without back p
ressure, fans)
4 Decreasing torque
(e. g. boiler feed pumps
at fixed pressure operation)

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Type SVTL

SVTL
1 2

5 6

10
9
5

7
8
4

Coupling type SVTL has a self-sup


porting design in a tunnel housing.
The rotating parts are supported in
the closed, oil-tight housing. Electric
motor and driven machine are con
nected to the variable-speed turbo
coupling via connecting couplings.

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

The oil tank is integrated into the


housing, the oil pump is directly
driven by the input shaft. The shafts
are supported in antifriction bearings
which are lubricated by a mechan
ically driven lube oil pump incorp
orated in the variable-speed coup
ling.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Oil sump
Scoop tube housing
Scoop tube
Filling pump
Oil cooler
Lube oil filter
Lube oil supply for
variable-speed turbo
coupling and other
machines

Size

Oil filling

Weight

366-22

973

500

1490

110 l

610 kg

422-22

973

500

1490

110 l

630 kg

422-22-2,0

1120

630

1780

250 l

850 kg

487-21

973

500

1490

110 l

570 kg

487-22

1145

630

1780

250 l

900 kg

487-12

1255

800

1780

500 l

1200 kg

562-21

1145

630

1780

250 l

970 kg

562-12

1255

800

1780

500 l

1260 kg

562-33

1358

800

1350

450 l

2200 kg

562 HP

1358

800

1350

450 l

2200 kg

Simplified longitudinal
section

650-21

1310

750

2000

300 l

1200 kg

750-21-6,3

1310

750

2000

300 l

1300 kg

750-22-12,8

1469

725

1400

400 l

1750 kg1

866-22-12,8

1469

725

1400

400 l

1800 kg1

Dimensions in mm
1With

this design, oil tank extends into base,


dimension B is therefore exceeded

48
712
22
-2
,0
2-

22
6-

36

42

2-

22

21

48

7-

56

2-

21

21

65

0-

21

-6

,3

42

48

7-

22

2-

12

HP
56

56
2,8
-1
22

0-

686

200
100
80
60
50
400

2-

75

1000
800
600
500
400
300

75

Input power rating P1 in kW

0-

22

-1

2000

56

2,8

2-

33

56

2-

33

HP

7000
5000
4000
3000

500 600

750

1000 1200 1500 1800

3000 3600

Input speed n1 in rpm


Variable-speed turbo coupling type
SVTL in a boiler feed pump drive

SVTL selection chart

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Types SVNL, SVNLG

SVNL

SVNLG
1 2

1 2 3

11

6
8

Coupling types SVNL and SVNLG


are of self-supporting design with a
horizontally split housing. The rotat
ing parts are located in the com
pletely closed, oil-tight housing.
Main motor and driven machine are
connected to the variable-speed
turbo coupling via connecting coup
lings.
The oil tank is integrated into the
housing, a centrifugal oil pump (or,
with certain designs, a gear pump)
is used which is direct driven by the
input shaft.

With type SVNL, the main shafts


are supported by antifriction bear
ings. The bearings are force lubri
cated using pressurized oil.
With type SVNLG, the main shafts
are supported by sleeve bearings.
The bearings are force lubricated by
pressurized oil. For pre-lubrication
prior to start-up, an electric motor
driven auxiliary lubrication pump is
added.

Variable-speed turbo coupling


type SVNL in a circulation pump drive

10

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

1 Pump wheel
2 Turbine wheel
3 Shell
4 Scoop tube housing
5 Oil sump
6 Oil circulation pump
7 Scoop tube
8 Working oil cooler

Type SVNL
Size

Oil filling

Weight

866-22-26

1750

1060

1820

1000 l

3850 kg

1000-21-18,5

1950

1060

1920

780 l

3850 kg

1000-22-32

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4000 kg

1150-21-18,5

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4000 kg

1150-22-32

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4150 kg

1210-21-22,5

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4250 kg

1210-21-32

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4250 kg

1210 HP

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4250 kg

Type SVNLG
Size

Oil filling

Weight

1330-12

3150

800

2400

1500 l

12000 kg

1330-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

10000 kg

1390-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

11000 kg

1540-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

12000 kg

1780-21

3780

900

2900

3000 l

16200 kg

Simplified longitudinal
section

Other sizes upon request. Dimensions in mm.

8000

Input power rating P1 in kW

10

00

-2

1-

18

,5

-1

8,5

12 121
10 0- H
50 21-2 P
2,5
-2
1

1000
800
600
500
400
300

11

Input power rating P1 in kW

2000

200
100
80
60
50
400

3000
2000

17

12

10

6000
5000
4000

1000
800
600
400

500 600

750

1000 1200 15001800

3000 3600

80
-21
-80
154
0-2
1-5
133
0
17
80
0-1
-12
2-5
15
40
0
115
-12 120
0-2
-80
1-1
8,5
10
133
11
00
0-1
50
-22
-22
2-8
0
86
6-2
2
75
0-2
2
86
6-2
2-2
6
6
8
56
2
2-3
62 33
3
0-3
3
48
7-3
3

10000

-2
132
11
50
-22
-32
10
00
-22
-32
86
6-2
2-2
6

7000
5000
4000
3000

300
400

500 600

1200 1500 1800

3000 3600

Input speed n1 in rpm

Input speed n1 in rpm


SVNL selection chart

900

SVNLG selection chart

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

11

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Type SVL

SVL M
1 2 3

11

4
8

9
6

Coupling type SVL has a selfsupporting design with high power


density. Input and output shafts are
supported separately in a cast iron
housing. Main motor and driven
machine are connected to the vari
able-speed turbo coupling via con
necting couplings.

12

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

The oil sump is flanged to the hous


ing. The coupling has two oil circuits:
a working oil and a lubricating oil
circuit.
Both circuits are with mechanically
driven pumps. A flow control valve
adjusts the working oil flow to s ave
energy. The shafts are supported in
sleeve bearings which are force lu
bricated using pressurized oil.

10

Simplified longitudinal
section
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Coupling housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Flow control valve
Auxiliary lubricating
pump
10 Working oil cooler
11 Lube oil cooler

Variable-speed turbo coupling type SVL in a pipeline pump drive

10000

51

56

0M

2M

0M

68

2M

5000

62

Input power rating P1 in kW

30000

1000
1000

2000

3000

4000 5000

7000

Input speed n1 in rpm


Variable-speed turbo coupling type 562SVL i
n a crude oil/offshore pump drive

SVL modular selection chart

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

13

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Type SVTW

SVTW
horizontal
4

65

2
3

10

1
7
8

Variable-speed water coupling type SVTW horizontal


design, flanged to electric motor

Variable-speed turbo coupling type


SVTW is operated with water in
stead of mineral oil as operating
medium. It combines a new concept
with proven technology. The coup
ling is directly flanged to the motor
which results in compact design
and easy installation.
The coupling type is available both
in horizontal and vertical design.

14

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Some applications are the drive of


pumps in irrigation systems, in mu
nicipal water works and associated
waste water systems. The pumped
water can be used as operating
medium.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Motor shaft
Coupling housing
Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Scoop tube
Output shaft
Water supply line
Water return line
Scoop tube linkage

Size

Weight

562

577

170

747

850

700 kg

650

738

170

930

960

847 kg

750

816

170

1040

1120

1267 kg

866

1011

210

1273

1350

2040 kg

1000

1133

250

1415

1500

2990 kg

1150 vert.

1254

250

1586

1720

4450 kg

1390 vert.

1522

300

1894

2065

6750 kg

Simplified longitudinal
section

Dimensions in mm

A
C

4500
3500
2500

ve
rt.

90

ve

56

65

75

86

10

500

00

11

50

1000

13

Input power rating P1 in kW

rt.

1500

100
400

600

750

900

1200

1500 1800

Input speed n1 in rpm


Electric motor (P = 600kW, n = 990rpm) with ver
tical water coupling type 866SVTW as drive of a
drinking water pump in a German waterworks

SVTW selection chart

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

15

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings


Types SVNL vert., SVNK vert.

SVNL vert.

SVNK vert.

2
3

5
5

Coupling type SVNL vert. is selfsupported and has a vertical de


sign. The rotating parts are fully
supported in the housing.
Coupling type SVNK vert. is partly
self-supported and has also been
designed for vertical applications.
The coupling is supported by the
main motor shaft on the input side;
on the output side, a bearing has
been incorporated into the scoop
tube housing.

16

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

The housing of both types can be


adapted to the flange of the driven
machine. The oil supply is ensured
by a separate oil supply system.
Depending on the size, designs with
both antifriction and sleeve bearings
are available.

Cmin1

487

945

775

680

562

1250

1030

790

650

1250

1030

890

750

1614

1305

1050

866

1614

1305

1180

1000

2046

1656

1360

1150

2046

1656

1560

1 Pump wheel
2 Turbine wheel
3 Shell
4 Scoop tube housing
5 Oil sump
6 Oil circulation pump
7 Scoop tube
8 Working oil cooler

Size

Simplified longitudinal
section

SVNL vert. dimensions in mm.


Customized to suit motor or driven machine.

SVNK vert. dimensions upon request.

5000
4000
3000

-22

400

31

200

36

48

300

56

65

0
75

86

500

6-2

10

00

50

-22

1000

11

Input power rating P1 in kW

2000

600

800

1200

2000

3000

4000

Input speed n1 in rpm


Variable-speed turbo coupling type SVNL vert.
in a waste water pump drive

SVNL vert. selection chart

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

17

Integration of Voith Variable-Speed Turbo Coupling


into a Control Circuit
Variable-speed turbo couplings serve to control the speed of
driven machines. In many cases, the couplings are integrated
into an automatic process.

Pole wheel
with pick-up
Driven
machine

Motor

Scoop tube
position controller

Driven
machine

Motor

Scoop tube
position controller
Actuator

Actual value scoop


tube position
4 20 mA

Speed
measurement
device

Actuator
Set value
scoop tube position
4 20 mA

Actual value scoop


tube position

Process controller
Speed Actual process
value
indicator
4 20 mA

Position control circuit

Set value scoop


tube position

Set process
value
4 20 mA

Process control circuit

Position control circuit

Process control circuit

Components:
Scoop tube actuator including position controller for
continuous control operation

Components:
Process controller
Scoop tube actuator including position control for
continuous control operation
If the speed is to be used as a process value or if it is to
be displayed or to be incorporated, a speed measuring
device is provided.
Similar to the speed, a process value (e. g. pressure,
flow, etc.) can be incorporated into a control circuit.
Then this process value is used as set value.

18

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

Technical Information for


Voith Variable-Speed Coupling Selection
Please complete the following questionnaire as detailed as possible, in order for a detailed design of a Voith Variable-Speed
Coupling to be achieved.

Driven machine (power consumer)


Contact
Name, company
Phone, fax/e-mail
Required information
Customer
Location (city, country)
Driven machine (Application; e.g. boiler feed pump)
Quantity
parabolic

Torque characteristic

constant

Maximum power consumption P2 of driven machine

kW

Motor speed n1

rpm

Maximum speed n2 of driven machine

rpm

Required regulating range

from

Arrangement

parabolic

% to100%
constant

Additional information
End user
Engineering company
Motor power P1
yes

Water temperature:

no

Cooling water available

Installation

Ambient temperature: min.

(for air-oil-cooler selection)

fresh

demineralized

indoor

outdoor

max.

C
C
sea water

Area classification (in case of hazardous area)


yes

External lube oil supply requirements (motor and driven machine)


Shaft diameter:

Oil flow:

l/min

no
mm

Shaft length:

mm

Specification, special requirements

Please send the filled-in form by fax (+49 7951 32-650) or by e-mail (vs.drives@voith.com)
to the Voith Variable-Speed Drives team. We will get in contact with you shortly. Thank you.
Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en

19

cr104en, aik-S&F/CM, 12.2010, 2000. Dimensions and illustrations without obligation. Subject to modifications.

Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG


Variable-Speed Drives
Voithstr. 1
74564 Crailsheim, Germany
Tel. +49 7951 32-261
Fax +49 7951 32-650
vs.drives@voith.com
www.voithturbo.com/variable-speed

Voith Turbo I Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings I cr 104 en