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04/11/2014

Imam Hasan (AS) and his descendants - Spirit Of Islam

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Imam Hasan (AS) and his descendants


Compiled by Sayyid Ahmed
Amiruddin, An Naqshbandi
Mystic
Imam Hasan (peace be upon him)
Compiled by Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin, An Naqshbandi
Excerpted from Qadi Muhammad Sulaiman Mansoor Puri's Rahmatul-Lil Aa-Lameen
He was born in mid Ramadan in the year 3 after the Hijrah. His caretaker nurse was Sauda Bint Mursa Al
Kandia. On the 7th day of his birth, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) sacrificed two sheep
for Aqeeqa and gave Sadaqah of silver equal to the weight of his hairs.
It is reported from Hadhrat Imam Ali (peace be upon him) that the features of Hadhrat Imam Hasan (peace be
upon him) resembled the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in respect to the upper portion of his
body while the lower portion of Imam Husayn (peace be upon him)'s blessed body resembled the Holy Prophet's
lower body (peace and blessings be upon him).
In a Sahih Hadith, the Holy Prophet is reported to have said,
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04/11/2014

Imam Hasan (AS) and his descendants - Spirit Of Islam

"This child of mine is the leader (sayyidun) and he will survive by the will of Allah until through him, two
(quarrelling factions) of Muslims are reunited".
After the martyrdom of Hadhrat Ali (peace be upon him), forty thousand people who had pledged to him,
renewed their pledge to Hadhrat Imam Hasan (radi allahu anhu). He ruled over Iraq, Arabia and Khurasan as
the Caliph for four months and advanced towards the rebel armies of Muawiyya, who also marched against the
Caliph. When both sides stretched out in the battlefield against each other, the venerable Imam Hasan
understood that if a battle ensued, there would be a tremendous loss of blood to the extent that one of the two
parties would be completely annihilated. The venerable Imam then, in order to avoid a blood bath, sent word to
Muawiyya stating that he, the venerable Imam, would abdicate his rightful claim to the Caliphate to him under
the condition that after his (Muawiyya's) death, the Imam would once again claim the Caliphate to himself
without any opposition from the followers of Muawiyya. In Jawadiul Awwal, 41 Hijri, after brief negotiations,
Hadhrat Imam Hasan formally entrusted the Caliphate to Muawiyya in the Grand Masjid of Kufa.
On this occasion, a person senior in age and respectable in Kufa by the name of Abu Amir Sufian Bin Laila came
to the Imam in a state of grief and shock and addressed him with,
'As Salamualaika ya muzillal momineena'
Peace be upon you O degrader of the believers
Hadhrat Imam Hasan explained to him that his abdication to Muawiyya was not to degrade the believers,
rather to save the loss of lives amongst the Muslims.
While on his way back to Medina, Hadhrat Imam Hasan fell ill and disclosed that he had been poisoned many
times by his enemies and this time, the poison proved fatal in its effects.
When he was asked who was behind the poisoning, he declined to reveal the name, stating that if the suspect
was the real culprit, Allah would see him while if the suspect was actually innocent, he did not want to cause
suffering to an innocent man due to suspicion.
While he was on his death bed, he asked his brother, Imam Husayn (peace be upon him) to approach Lady
Aisha and ask for her consent to be buried in her house near his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (peace and
blessings be upon him). However, Hadhrat Hasan himself expressed doubts that his last wish would be able to
be fulfilled due to the immense opposition he faced under the government and his doubt proved accurate. While
Lady Aisha approved to his burial in her house, and declared,
"Naima wa Karamata"
'I regard it venerable'
The ruler of Medina, by the name of Murdan opposed it and hence the venerable Imam, Hadhrat Hasan (peace
be upon him) was buried near his mother in the august cemetery of Baqi Al Gharqad.
Hadhrat Imam Hasan died at the age of 46 in the month of Rabiul Awwal, 59 Hijri.
In the reports of Abu Bakr (radi allahu anhu) Riwayat Abi Bakrah it is mentioned about Hadhrat Imam Hasan,
'Wa innahu raihanati minad duniya' (Al Isteab)
He is my flower in the world.
There is yet another Hadith about Hasnain (alaihimusalam), "O Allah, I love these two (Al Hasan and Al
Husayn), love those who love them" (Al Isteab)
Descendents of Hasan (peace be upon him)
He had twelve sons and five daughters. His sons were, Zaid, Hasan, Husayn, Talha, Ismail, Abdullah, Hamza,
Ya'qoob, Abdur Rahman, Abdullah Abu Bakr, Qasim and Umar.
His daughters were, Fatima, Umme Salma, Umme Abdullah, Ummul Husayn Ramla, Ummul Hasan. His line
of descendents continued by four out of twelve sons ie. Zaid, Hasan II, Husayn and Umar. However, historians
report that currently, only the progeny of Zaid and Hasan II has survived.
His chivalrous sons Umar, Qasim and Abdullah were among the martyrs of Karbala.
Zaid Bin Hasan (peace be upon him)
His mother was Fatima Bint Abu Masood Aqba. His son Abu Muhammad Hasan was made Governor of
Medina during the regime of Mansur.
Hadhrat Syed Muhammad Gesudaraz, caliph of Hadhrat Khwaja Nasiruddin Chiragh Delhlawi was from the
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04/11/2014

Imam Hasan (AS) and his descendants - Spirit Of Islam

descendents of Zaid Bin Hasan (peace be upon him). He is buried Gulbargah and is known as Khwaja Banday
Nawaz. He died in the year 120 Hijri.
Hasan II Bin Hasan (peace be upon him)
His mother was Khula Bint Manzoor Bin Rian. He was severely wounded in Karbala and was sighted after the
war was over. Asma Bint Kharja Fazari sought permission from Ibn Saad to administer treatment to him and as
a result he recovered. He married the daughter of Imam Husayn and had three sons from her, Ibrahim Al
Ghamar, Hasan III and Abdullah Makhas.
They are the first three who are Fatimi from both sides and are distinguished amongst the rest.
Abdullah Makhas
Abdullah Makhas was renowned as the Shaykh of Banu Hashim and had five sons. Muhammad Zin Nafs Al
Zakiya, Ibrahim, Musi Aljoon, Yahya, Suleman. Muhammad Zin Nafs Al Zakiya had declared himself the
rightful Caliph and Imam Malik had issued a decree in his favor.
Ibrahim Bin Abdullah Makhas had also proclaimed himself as the rightful Caliph and Imam Abu Hanifa had
donated 4000 Dirham to him for the purpose of establishing his Caliphate. His sons, Hasan and Abdullah were
very famous and their progeny still remains. His son Musi Aljoon had many children. Shaykh al Jaleel, Sultan
ul Awliya, Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al Jelani (rah) is a descendent of Musi Aljoon.
Ibrahim al Ghamar Bin Hasan II
Ibrahim al Ghamar Bin Hasan II received the title "Ghamar" on account of his philanthropy and extreme
generosity. He died at the age of 69 years in the year 145 Hijri. His progeny is continued through Ismail
Debagh. Ismail Debagh was also known as Abu Ibrahim and had the title of Shariful Khas (lord of the Nobles).
The progeny of his son Hasan continued through his sons Al Nateeh and Ibrahim Tabataba. Tabataba had
many children and the line of Sadat Banu Ma-ayya traces to him. Many of the descendents of Banu Ma-ayya
settled in Delhi.
Hasan III Bin Hasan II
He was known as Abu Ali and died in 145 Hijri and his progeny is still found in different parts of the world.
Dawood Bin Hasan II
Dawood Bin Hasan II was born of a Roman mother. He and Imam Jafar Al Sadiq both drank the milk of the
same wet nurse. His progeny continued through his son Suleman Bin Dawood. The mother of Suleman was
Umme Kulsoom Bint Imam Zainul Abideen.
Suleman's progeny continued thought the descendents of his sons Musa, Dawood, Ishaque and Hasan.
Jafar Bin Hasan II
Jafar Bin Hasan II was also known as Abdul Hasan and died in 70 Hijri. His son was Hasan and his progeny is
found in Kuzwain, Ruanda and Muraja.
http://www.alsunnahfoundation.org/illustrious_sons.html
(http://www.alsunnahfoundation.org/illustrious_sons.html)

Star78692
Jazak Allah Khair for sharing ......

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