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Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral

Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF NEW RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION


MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

Geothermal Investment Opportunities


in Indonesia
by:
Sugiharto Harsoprayitno, M.Sc
Director for Geothermal

Thursday, July 14, 2011


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Geothermal Potency in Indonesia


Potential Geothermal Indonesia is the largest in the world, 40% of
world reserves, amounting to 29.038 MW, spread over 276
locations
Installed Capacity 1,189 MW (4% of whole potency), consists of
field: Sibayak 12 MW, Salak Mt. 375 MW, Wayang Windu 227 MW,
Kamojang 200 MW, Darajat 255 MW, Dieng 60 MW and Lahendong
60 MW
Geothermal Road Map Target 9,500 MW in 2025

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GEOTHERMAL POTENTIAL MAP

No.

Island

Number
of Loc.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Sumatera
Java
Bali
Nusa Tenggara
Kalimantan
Sulawesi
Maluku
Papua
T otal

86
71
5
22
8
55
26
3
276

Potency
(MW)
13,516
10,092
296
1,471
115
2,519
954
75
29,038

Install
Capacity
(MW)
12
1,117

Source : Geological Survey, MEMR(2010)

Note:
60

1,189

Preliminary Survey

Ready to Developad

Detail Survey

Already Developed
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INSTALLED GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT CAPACITY 2010


No.

Geothermal Working
Area/ Location

License Holder

Developer

Name of
Geothermal
Power Plant

Installed
Capacity
(MW)

Sibayak Sinabung,
SUMUT

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

Sibayak

12

Cibeureum Parabakti,
JABAR

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

KOB - Chevron Geothermal


Salak, Ltd (CGS)

Salak

375

Pangalengan, JABAR

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

KOB - Star Energy


Geothermal Wayang
Windu, Ltd (SEGWWL)

Wayang
Windu

227

Kamojang Darajat,
JABAR

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

Kamojang

200

Kamojang Darajat,
JABAR

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

KOB - Chevron Geothermal


Indonesia, Ltd (CGI)

Darajat

255

Dataran Tinggi Dieng,


JATENG

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

PT. Geo Dipa Energi (GDE)

Dieng

60

Lahendong Tompaso,
SULUT

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

PT. Pertamina Geothermal


Energy (PGE)

Lahendong

60
1.189

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REGULATIONS ON GEOTHERMAL ENERGY


I. Law No. 27/2003 on Geothermal
II. Government Regulation No. 59/2007 jo Government Regulation No. 70/2010 on

Geothermal Business Activities


III. Government Regulation No. 62/2008 jo No. 1/2007 on Income Tax Facilities
IV. Presidential Regulation No. 4/2010 on Assignment to PT. PLN to Accelerate Power Plant

Development Using Renewable Energy, Coal and Gas


V. Ministerial Regulations
 MEMR Regulation No. 11/2008 on Mechanism for Determining Geothermal Working

Area
 MEMR Regulation No. 02/2009 on The Guidelines for Geothermal Pre-Survey

Assignment
 MEMR Regulation No. 05/2009 on The Guidelines for Electricity Purchasing Price by PT.

PLN from Cooperation and Other Business Entities


 MEMR Regulation No. 11/2009 on The Guidelines for Geothermal Enterprises
 MEMR Regulation No. 31/2009 on Purchasing Power by PT. PLN from Power Plant using

Small Medium Scale of Renewable Energy


 MEMR Regulation No. 15/2010 on Projects List of Power Plant Accelerated Development

using Renewable Energy, Coal and Gas as well as Related Transmission


 MEMR Regulation No. 2/2011 on an Assignment to PLN to buy electricity from

geothermal power plant

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GOVERNMENT POLICIES TO SCALE UP GEOTHERMAL


DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
1. Presidential Regulation No. 04/2010 jo Ministerial Regulation No. 15/2010 (2nd

Stage of 10,000 MW Crash Program) in order to speed up the development of


geothermal power to the amount of 3,967 MW by the year 2014 which will
require a total of US$ 12 Billions.
2. Government provide fiscal incentives for geothermal:

Income Tax Facilities (Based on Government Regulation No. 62/2008 jo No.


1/2007) which provide:
- 30% (thirty percent) net income tax deduction of the total Investment, for
6 (six) years, 5% (five percent) annually
- Income tax charge for dividend paid to Foreign Tax Subject shall be 10%
(ten percent), or lower tariff according to effective Double Taxation
Avoidance Agreement
- Compensation of financial loss for more than 5-10 years
Custom Duties Exemption for Importing Items (based on MoF Decree No.
177/PMK.011/2007)
Value Added Tax of Import Items Covered by Government (based on MoF
Decree No. 22/PMK.011/2011)
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GOVERNMENT POLICIES TO SCALE UP GEOTHERMAL


Continue ...
DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
3. Government support in the form of reducing upstream geothermal risk by
providing revolving funds (for exploration and FS), particularly for the Eastern
parts of Indonesia.
4. The GoI is in process of establishing a State-Owned Company in the geothermal
business to support its development.
5. To accelerate geothermal development, the Government offers a Preliminary
Survey Assignment to third part (investor) which provides first right refusal.
6. The Government has determined Regulations on Geothermal Price Structure
(based on MEMR Regulation No. 02/2011) :
Purchase price of electricity by PT PLN from a Geothermal Power Plant, as the
result of a GWA tender, is used for the Power Purchase Agreement, the electricity
price is final and non negotiable
Ceiling price for geothermal energy: US$ 9.7 cents/kWh
7. In order to enhance certainty in geothermal investment, the government has set
a Standard Power Purchase Agreement.
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Implementation of Geothermal Policies


Existing GWA

New GWA

 President Decree No 45/1991, No 49/1991,

 Law No. 27/2003

 Business structure based on JOC and ESC

 Business structure in the form of Permit:

 34% of Net Operating Income (NOI), that had

 Obligation to pay for taxes and royalty

 Project Management : Under Pertamina (JOC)

 Project Management :Under Permit Holder

 Project Type:

 Project Type:

and No 23/1992




Geothermal Mining Permit


Enterprise Permit for Electricity

included all kinds of taxes and retribution,


except personal tax.
and PLN (ESC)




Total (Integrated) Project


Partial Project

Total (Integrated) Project


WKP holder will be granted as generally plan
operation

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Development of Geothermal Energy


Western Part of Indonesia

Eastern Part of Indonesia

 Big geothermal potential development


in mid-big scale project

 Small geothermal potential


development in small scale project

 Existing projects as brown fields


detail data is unavailable

 Most of the area are green fields


detail data is not available

 Conducive investment condition is


enough attractive to investor (B to B
approach)

 Not attractive to investor. Not only


need conducive investment
condition, but also funding support
from government
 Government support in the form of
reducing upstream geothermal risk
(GoI allocates budget for exploration
and FS)

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GEOTHERMAL VALUE CHAIN


(Current Regulations)

(S-1)

(S-2)

Surve
y
APBN

Rep.

Evaluati
on

GWA/WKP
Tendering
(S-3)

WKP

IUP
Issuance
(S-4)

(S-5)

(S-6)

FS

Exploitat
ion

GWA/WKP
Determination

Explorat
ion

MEMR

Potential
Map

Pre-Survey

Electricity
Price

(S-0)

BUSINESS STADIUM (S-X)


Report of
Tendering
Process

Units

Geothermal
Potential

Potential/
Stadium

(S-7)

(S-8)

(S-9)

Production/
Utilization

(S-10)

IUP-N

WKP-N

(S4-N)

(S3-N)
Tender Winner

Survey
APBD
Prov.

WKP-P

Pemda
Kab./
Kota

Survey
APBD
Kab./
Kota

WKP-K

Corporation

IUP-P

(S3-P)
Tender Winner

(S4-P)

The Golden Bridge

Prov.
Gov.

IUP-K

(S3-K)

(S4-K)

Tender Winner

Assignment
Other
Parties

Assignment

PLN

PPA
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Road Map of Geothermal Development 2006 2025


(based on Presidential Decree No. 5/2006 on National Energy Policy)

2006

2008

852 MW
(Produksi)

1148 MW
Existing
WKP

2000
MW

1442 MW
Existing
WKP

2012

2016

2020

2025

3442
MW

4600
MW

6000
MW

9500
MW
(Target)

1158 MW
Existing
WKP + New
WKP

1400 MW
New WKP

3500 MW
New WKP

1189 MW
Current Condition

5156 MW
Plus 2nd Phase Crash
Program Scenario

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STRATEGICAL TARGET FOR GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT


2010 S.D 2014
 Presidential Regulation No. 04/2010 on Assignment to PT. PLN to Accelerate Power Plant

Development Using Renewable Energy, Coal and Gas


 MEMR Regulation No. 15/2010 on Projects List of Power Plant Accelerated Development

using Renewable Energy, Coal and Gas as well as Related Transmission


 Target for Geothermal Power Plant Development on Crash Program 10.000 MW

Phase II
Development for Production on Existing Field
: 645 MW
Development for not yet in production on Existing Field
: 1535 MW
New Development Geothermal Working Area
: 1787 MW
Total of Geothermal Development
3967 MW

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Geothermal Contribution on 2nd Phase 10,000 MW Power


Development Acceleration Program
(Based on Ministerial Decree No. 15/2010 on Projects List of Power Plant Accelerated
Development using Renewable Energy, Coal and Gas as well as Related Transmission)

Additional Installed
Capacity of
Geothermal Power
Plant up to 2014 is
3,967 MW

Existing GWA
2180 MW
New GWA 1787 MW

Java 1970 MW
Outside Java 1997 MW

Total investment needed for achieving this target is about 12 Billion USD (with
assumption, development cost of 1 MW = 3 Million USD)

With developing 3,967 MW Geothermal Power Plant until 2014, could reduce emission
about 24 Million ton CO2/Year (6,000 t CO2e/MW/Year)
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INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
- Development of 3,967 MW electricity from Geothermal in 10,000 MW
Crash Program Stage II up to the year 2014 is required more than US$
12,000 millions for the investment.
- Development plan of 12,000 MW Geothermal Power Plant up to the
year 2025, international supports are needed.
- Foreign ownership in Geothermal Business is allowed up to 95 %;
- Business opportunities in geothermal sector:
 Geothermal direct use;
 Low temperature geothermal potential;
 Small scale power plant.
Partners and Investors are welcomed to be parts of Indonesia
development as the largest geothermal producer.

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DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF NEW RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION


MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49 Jakarta 12950


Telp/Faks : 021-5250575
www.ebtke.esdm.go.id
www.energiterbarukan.net
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Geothermal Power Plant Projects included in Crash Program Phase II


Geothermal Power
Status
NO
Plant Project
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Seulawah Agam
Jaboi
Sarulla 1
Sarulla 2
Sorik Merapi
Muaralaboh
Lumut Balai
Rantau Dadap
Sungai Penuh
Hululais
Rajabasa
Ulubelu 3 dan 4
Rawa Dano
Kamojang 5 & 6
Cibuni
Cisolok-Cisukarame
Darajat
Karaha Bodas
Patuha
Salak
Tampomas
Tangkuban Perahu I

Province

New WKP Aceh


New WKP Aceh
Existing WKP North Sumatera
Existing WKP North Sumatera
New WKP North Sumatera
New WKP West Sumatera
Existing WKP South Sumatera
New WKP South Sumatera
Existing WKP Jambi
Existing WKP Bengkulu
New WKP Lampung
Existing WKP Lampung
New WKP Banten
Existing WKP West Java
Existing WKP West Java
New WKP West Java
Existing WKP West Java
Existing WKP West Java
Existing WKP West Java
Existing WKP West Java
New WKP West Java
New WKP West Java

Note : Cost to develop 1 MW = US$ 3 Million

Estimation Installed Required


Geothermal Power
Status
of Capacity Capacity Financing 2014 NO
Plant Project
(MW) 2014 (MW) (US$ Million)
1x55
1x7
3x110
2x55
1x55
2x110
4x55
2x110
2x55
2x55
2x110
2x55
1x110
1x40 & 1x60
1x10
1x50
2x55
1x30 & 2x55
3x60
1x40
1x45
2x55

55
7
330
110
55
220
220
220
110
110
220
110
110
100
10
50
110
140
180
40
45
110

165
21
990
330
165
660
660
660
330
330
660
330
330
300
30
150
330
420
540
120
135
330

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Province

Estimation Installed Required


of Capacity Capacity Financing 2014
(MW) 2014 (MW) (US$ Million)

Tangkuban Perahu II Existing WKP West Java


2x30
Wayang Windu
Existing WKP West Java
2x120
Batu Raden
New WKP Central Java
2x110
Dieng
Existing WKP Central Java
1x55 & 1x60
Guci
New WKP Central Java
1x55
Ungaran
New WKP Central Java
1x55
Ijen
New WKP East Java
2x55
Iyang Argopuro
Existing WKP East Java
1x55
Wilis/Ngebel
New WKP East Java
3x55
Lahendong 5 dan 6 Existing WKP North Sulawesi
2x20
Kotamobagu 1 dan 2 Existing WKP North Sulawesi
2x20
Kotamobagu 3 dan 4 Existing WKP North Sulawesi
2x20
Bora
Open Area Central Sulawesi
1x5
Merana/Masaingi New WKP Central Sulawesi
2x10
Huu
New WKP West Nusa Tenggara
2x10
Sembalun
Open Area West Nusa Tenggara
2x10
Atadei
New WKP East Nusa Tenggara
2x2,5
Sukoria
New WKP East Nusa Tenggara
2x2,5
Tulehu
Existing WKP Maluku
2x10
Jailolo
New WKP North Maluku
2x5
Songa Wyaua
New WKP North Maluku
1x5
Total Development of Geothermal Power Plant until 2014

60
240
220
115
55
55
110
55
165
40
40
40
5
20
20
20
5
5
20
10
5
3967

EBTKE KESDM - 2011

180
720
660
345
165
165
330
165
495
120
120
120
15
60
60
60
15
15
60
30
15
11.901

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral


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No.
1
2

GWA
Sibayak-Sinabung
Cibeureum - Parabakti (Gn.
Salak)
Pengalengan

GWA before Law No. 27/2003

IUP Holder

Field

Developer

Potency
(MW)

Installed
(MW)

PT. PGE

Sibayak

PT. PGE

124

12

PT. PGE

Gn. Salak

CGS, Ltd

952

375

Wayang Windu

Star Energy Geothermal


Wayang Windu

400

227

Patuha

PT. Geo Dipa Energi

706

PT. PGE

Kamojang-Darajat

PT. PGE

Kamojang
Darajat

PT. PGE
CGI, Ltd

855
610

200
255

Dieng

PT. PGE

Dieng

PT. Geo Dipa Energi

780

60

6
7

Lahendong-Tompaso
Sibual-Buali

PT. PGE
PT. PGE

Lahendong
Sarulla

PT. PGE
SOL

358
1146

60
-

Hululais - Tambang Sawah

PT. PGE

Hulu Lais

PT. PGE

873

9
10
11
12
13

Lumut Balai
Sungaipenuh
Ulubelu
Karaha-Cakrabuana
Buyan Bratan (Bedugul)

PT. PGE
PT. PGE
PT. PGE
PT. PGE
PT. PGE

Lumut Balai
Sungai Penuh
Ulubelu
Karaha Bodas
Bedugul

PT. PGE
PT. PGE
PT. PGE
PT. PGE
Bali Energy, Ltd

1066
208
556
725
276

14

Ulumbu

PT. PLN (Persero)

Ulumbu

PT. PLN (Persero)

199

15

Tulehu

PT. PLN (Persero)

Tulehu

PT. PLN (Persero)

100

16

Cibuni

KJK Teknosa

Cibuni

KJK Teknosa

140

17
18

Iyang-Argopuro
Kotamobagu

PT. PGE
PT. PGE

Iyang Argopuro
Kotamobagu

PT. PGE
PT. PGE

295
410

19

Ciater

PT. Wahana
Sembada Sakti

Ciater

PT. Wahana Sembada Sakti

90

10,869

1,189

Total

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New GWAs Offered Through Tender Process


(after Law No. 27/2003 on Geothermal)
As Total Project Scenario, IPP Scheme

NO

FIELD

REGENCY

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

Seulawah agam
Jailolo
T elaga Ngebel
Ungaran Mt.
T ampomas Mt.
Cisolok Cisukarame
T angkuban Perahu Mt.
Jaboi
Sokoria
T alang Mt.
Blawan Ijen
Hu'u Daha
Sipaholon Ria-ria
Bukit Kili
Sorik Marapi Roburan
Marana
Songa Wayaua
Atadei
Suwawa
Kaldera Danau Banten
Rajabasa Mt.
Liki Pinangawan
Suoh-Sekincau
Rantau Dadap
Guci
Baturaden

Aceh Besar
West Halmahera
Ponorogo and Madiun
Semarang and Kendal
Sumedang and Subang
Sukabumi
Subang, Bandung and purwakarta
Sabang
Ende
Solok
Bondowoso, Banyuwangi and Situbondo
Dompu
Noth Tapanuli
Solok
Mandailing Natal
Donggala
South Halmahera
Lembata
Bone Bolanga and Gorontalo
Serang and Pandeglang
South Lampung
Muara Laboh, Solok Selatan
West Lampung
Muara Enim, Lahat dan Pagar Alam
T egal, Brebes and Pemalang
Tegal, Brebes, Pemalang, Banyumas and

TOTAL

PROVINCE

Nangroe Aceh Darusallam


North Maluku
East Java
Central Java
West Java
West Java
West Java
Nangroe Aceh Darusallam
East Nusa Tenggara
West Sumatera
East Java
West Nusa Tenggara
North Sumatera
West Sumatera
North Sumatera
Central Sulawesi
North Maluku
East Nusa Tenggara
Gorontalo
Banten
Lampung
West Sumatera
Lampung
South Sumatera
Central Java
Purbalingga
Central Java

As of 10 July 2011
DEVELOP
MENT
TA RGETS
(MW)

STATUS OF
TENDER
PROCESS

160
On Going
75
Finished
120
Finished
100
Finished
50
Finished
45
Finished
100
Finished
50
Finished
30
Finished
36
Preparation
270
Finished
65
Finished
75
Re-Tender
83
Re-Tender
200
Finished
36
Re-Tender
140
Preparation
40
Finished
110
Re-Tender
115
Finished
91
Finished
400
Finished
230
Finished
106
Finished
79
Finished
175
Finished
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GWA Determination Plan - 2011


NO

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Area

Bonjol *
Danau Ranau *
Mataloko *
Ciremei *
Gn. Endut *
Sembalun
Wai Ratai
Simbolon Samosir
Telomoyo

Province

West Sumatera
South Sumatera
East Nusa Tenggara
West Java
Banten
West Nusa Tenggara
Lampung
North Sumatera
Central Java
TOTAL

Potency
(MWe)

Required Financing
(US$ Million)

200
210
63
150
80
120
194
225
92

600
630
189
450
240
360
582
675
276
4,002

*) : determined  April 21, 2010

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Areas offered for Pre-Survey Assignment


(Announcement of Director General of New Renewable Energy and Energy
Conservation No. 104Pm/30/DJE/2011)
No.

Location

Regency

Province

1.

Sungai Betung

Kerinci and Pesisir Selatan

Jambi and West Sumatera

2.

Sungai Tenang

Merangin

Jambi

3.

Ciseeng

Bogor and Lebak

West Java and Banten

4.

Malawa

Maros, Pangkajene Kepulauan,


Bone and Barru

South Sulawesi

5.

Gn. Dua Saudara

Bitung

North Sulawesi

6.

Ulumbu

Manggarai

NTT

7.

Gn. Gede/Pangrango

Bogor, Sukabumi, and Cianjur

West Java

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FLOW OF GEOTHERMAL BUSINES PROSES


Local Government

MEMRE

REGULATOR

Power Purchaser
(PLN)

Preliminary Survey

GWA

GWA Auction

Selling
Price*)

Winner

Recommendation

BUSINESS
ENTITY

Related Agencies

IUP Holder

Who

has th
e Sen
der??

Selling price approval

Buyer
Candidate

Selling price
agreement*)

Local gov. Permit


yes

In Forrest?

Forestry Permit

no
EXPLORATION

In Forrest?

yes
Forestry Permit

no
EXPLOITATION

*) main constraint

STEAM/
ELECTRICITY

Note:
 In Forest Area

EBTKE-KESDM
KESDM- 2011
2010
EBTKE

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral


Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

EBTKE KESDM - 2011