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INSTRUCTIONS:

THE Wall Mounting Series

TRANQUELL High Exposure


TRANSIENT VOLTAGE SURGE SUPPRESSOR
WARNING: The equipment covered
by these instructions should be
installed and serviced only by
competent personnel utilizing proper
safety practices and procedures.
These instructions are written for
such personnel and are not intended
as a substitute for adequate training
and experience in safe procedures for
this type of equipment.

APPLICATION GUIDELINES
Determining the surge protection to be
provided in a facility or for a particular system
or equipment can be a complex problem which
should be addressed as early as possible, such
as when a facility is constructed or sensitive
equipment is installed. Often, solutions are
sought after problems occur. The following
guidelines are offered for application
assistance.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The GE TRANQUELL High Exposure Wall
Mount devices are Transient Voltage Surge
Suppressors (TVSS), which provide metal
oxide varistor protection in each mode,
combined with thermal fuses, surge-rated
fuses, indicating lights, an audible alarm with
test and disable features, Form C contacts for
remote monitoring, surge counter, built in
disconnect switch and EMI filtering. These
units are intended solely for wall mount
installations on low voltage electrical
distribution equipment. The THE is available
in both a molded Poly-Fiberglass NEMA 4X
enclosure and a Painted Steel enclosure. The
TVSS is UL and cUL Listed E108159,
conforming to UL standards 1283 and 1449
Second Edition, August 15, 1996. All ratings
are in accordance with ANSI / IEEE C62.411991 and NEMA LS1-1992 recommended
practices.

1. Ensure that your facility electric supply


system is properly installed and connected
in accordance with all applicable national
and local codes and safety procedures. All
equipment and systems should be installed
in accordance with manufacturers
instructions.
2. Utilize the personnel from your local
utility, your engineering department, GE
application or service engineering, or a
competent consulting engineering firm for
technical guidance or troubleshooting.
3. Understand your system, and the
capabilities and limitations of surge
protectors and other power conditioning
equipment.
4. WARNING: Only competent, trained
personnel
using
proper
safety
procedures
should
install
surge
protection equipment.
Improper
installation can defeat the protective
function of a surge protector, as well as
cause serious bodily injury, death or
property damage.

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5. Select the proper TRANQUELL High


Exposure Series unit for your system
voltage, configuration, and the anticipated
surge environment.
MCOV (Maximum Continuous Operating Voltage)
This value, defines the maximum line-toline or line-to-neutral continuous voltage
to be applied to the protector. If sustained
voltage could exceed MCOV, or if any
unusually high power frequencies or
Temporary OverVoltages (TOV) are
anticipated, contact your GE Sales
Engineer for assistance.

Configuration
Protectors are available for single phase
with neutral and ground, for three-phase
wye with neutral and ground, or for threephase delta with ground. (see figure 1)

Connections
It is important to minimize lead lengths for
optimum protection. Larger wire sizes
and twisted connections will further
enhance the level of protection. The
recommended installation wire size for the
TRANQUELL High Exposure TVSS is 6awg minimum.

Peak Impulse Rating


Peak surge current capability is an
important characteristic for a TVSS. The
rating per mode should equal or exceed
the maximum surge expected in service.

6. No protector can survive a direct lightning


strike. A strike close to any protector,
which subjects the device to surge current
or energy duty in excess of its capability,
can also fail the protector.
Power
frequency overvoltages in excess of the
Maximum Continuous Operating Voltage
capability or temporary power frequency
overvoltages, which exceed the magnitude
or duration of the protectors Temporary
OverVoltage characteristics, can fail the
unit.
Should the TRANQUELL High
Exposure TVSS be subjected to any of the
above excess duty conditions, it will
normally fail as a short circuit. Fuse
protection will remove the short circuit
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from the line, and indicators will signal


damage to the unit.
7. Increased rate of rise and higher surge
current magnitudes both result in some
increase in discharge voltage. Conditions
can occur where the withstand capability
of the protected equipment is exceeded
even though the surge protector is doing its
job and clamping the surge. In these cases
additional low voltage protection may be
required, located as close as possible to the
sensitive equipment.
8. TRANQUELL High Exposure Series wyeconnected units have both, normal mode
(line-to-neutral and line-to-ground) and
common
mode
(neutral-to-ground)
protection. Protection between neutral and
ground is provided on units designed for
wye-connected applications. On grounded
neutral systems, common mode protection
is needed if the neutral-to-ground bond is
made more than 10 feet from the surge
protector. This will minimize neutral-toground potential during a transient,
avoiding high transient voltages, which
could reduce protection and cause possible
damage to the system or to the equipment.
Common mode protection may also be
used when the neutral-to-ground bond is
TRANQUELL High
within 10 feet.
Exposure Series delta-connected units
have normal mode (line-to-ground)
protection.

9. Should the TRANQUELL High Exposure


Series fail, it will fail shorted. The TVSS
has a fuse in each phase that will remove a
failed protector from the circuit without
interrupting power to the protected
equipment. A special current-limiting fuse
is utilized to withstand expected surge
currents yet still disconnect the protector in
the event of a failure. WARNING: For
this reason, in the event of fuse
operation, replace both the fuse and the
protection module.
DO NOT ATTEMPT
TO REPLACE THE FUSE ONLY.
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VOLTAGE RATINGS & POWER SOURCE CONFIGURATIONS


Nominal Voltage
(50/60Hz)

System Configuration

THE120S
(all model types)

120/208-240V

Single Phase, 3W+G

THE120Y
(all model types)

120/208V

Model

Source Configuration

Three Phase Wye, 4W+G


THE277Y
(all model types)

THE240D
(all model types)
THE480D
(all model types)

277/480V

240V
Three Phase Delta, 3W+G
480V

B
C
EARTH

THE240H
(all model types)

120/240V

Three Phase Delta Hi-Leg, 4W+G

A
C
N

Figure 1

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INSTALLATION
WARNING: POWER MUST BE PROVEN DISCONNECTED BEFORE STARTING
INSTALLATION, INSPECTION OR MAINTENANCE! FAILURE TO
DO SO MAY CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY, DEATH AND/OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.

Neutral

Phase C

Phase B

Phase A

Ground

Remote Alarm
Contacts

Figure 2
TVSS Wiring Locations

Surge Counter
Sensitivity

Notes:
*On all models that are THE240H types, Phase B will be the High Leg connection
point.
** On all models that are THE120S types, Phase B will be located and marked at the
Phase C location show above. There will be no Phase C on this model type.
*** Neutral will not be provided on THE240D and THE480D model types.
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WARNING: The TVSS device must be


installed in accordance with all national and
local electrical codes. Refer to the nameplate
to verify that the ratings are appropriate for the
installation.
1. The TRANQUELL High Exposure Wall
Mount TVSS is designed to be installed
adjacent to the primary electrical service
distribution panel. These instructions shall
be considered as the general guidelines to
insure that the TVSS is installed safely,
while providing the maximum amount of
surge protection available. Before making
connections to the unit, verify that the unit
model number and nameplate voltage
rating are appropriate for connection to the
intended power source. (Refer to Figure 1).
2. Although the TVSS is rugged, reasonable
care must be taken to avoid damage to the
unit during handling and installation.
3. Depending on the type specified, the TVSS
will come housed in a Painted Steel, or
Poly-Fiberglass enclosure. The enclosure
can be easily punched or drilled for
installation purposes. .
4. The unit should be installed using the
stainless steel mounting brackets supplied
with the fiberglass enclosure, or with the
existing mounting feet on the painted steel
enclosure. The TVSS enclosure can be
secured to any smooth, flat surface and
oriented in any vertical or horizontal
position that allows easy access to the
disconnect switch and panel door.
5. The TVSS should be installed as close as
possible to the electrical power source. If
conduit must be used, non-metallic conduit
is recommended in order to maintain
optimum performance.
6. All TRANQUELL High Exposure units are
suitable for installations on supplies
capable of delivering up to 200,000
symmetrical rms amperes. The TVSS

should be installed on the protected side of


the main overcurrent protector.
7. Extreme care must be taken to ensure that
power wiring connections are correct, and
that sound neutral and ground locations are
provided. Improper connections may result
in higher transient voltages, which could
result in damage to the system and/or to the
equipment being protected.
Refer to
Figure 2 for wire connection locations.
(These locations are also marked on the
TVSS unit.)
8. All Phase, Neutral, and Ground
connections shall be done with number 6
awg stranded copper wire minimum.
Larger wire gauges will enhance TVSS
performance.
The TRANQUELL High
Exposure TVSS incorporates lugs that will
accommodate up to 2/0 wire gauge sizes.
9. All phase, neutral and grounding wires
routed between the electrical distribution
equipment and the TVSS should be made
as short as possible.
TVSS wiring
installations should also be such that sharp
bends are avoided. Excessive wire length,
sharp wire angles, and mechanical splice
joints will degrade the performance of the
TVSS significantly.
10. Two terminal strips are provided on the
back of the TVSS assembly. One is for
connecting remote status monitoring
equipment. The 3 position terminal strip is
used for this feature. (Refer to Figure 2).
Terminal contacts are provided as .187
kwik disconnect tab types and are labeled
COM (COMMON), NO (NORMALLY
OPEN), and NC (NORMALLY CLOSED).
They are rated for 125VAC, maximumswitched current 2A; maximum-switched
power 60W or 125VA.
11. The other terminal strip, a 4-position type,
is used for adjusting the sensitivity of the
surge counter.
The surge counter

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sensitivity jumper setting is pre-set at the


factory to provide high sensitivity to any
transient surge activity that has been
suppressed by the TVSS. The default
jumper location on the terminal strip is
between COMMON and S3. In order
to reduce the sensitivity, connect the
jumper between the COMMON stab
contact and the tab contact marked S1
(for medium sensitivity) or to S2 (for
low sensitivity).
12. When energized the power panel will now
have surge-suppressed and EMI-filtered
power.

A fuse will blow if the surge protector fails


shorted. Whenever the TVSS indicates an
alarm condition, it is recommended that the
protection module be replaced. Always check
the system for overvoltage conditions before
installing a new surge protector.

GE-ACT Communications, Inc.


GE Industrial Systems
2501 Pecan Street
Bonham, Texas 75418 USA

OPERATION
WARNING: POWER MUST BE PROVEN
DISCONNECTED BEFORE INSPECTION
OR MAINTENANCE IS ATTEMPTED.
FAILURE TO DO SO MAY CAUSE
SERIOUS INJURY, DEATH AND/OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.
The TRANQUELL High Exposure TVSS is a
solid-state device that utilizes ZnO varistors.
There are no gaps, no moving parts.
When the TVSS is in service under normal
conditions, the green LED indicating lights are
illuminated to indicate that the fuses are not
blown and surge protection is active.

TRANQUELL is a registered trademark of


General Electric Company

The surge counter will respond to and record


surges via a current transformer in the neutral
circuit (or, in a delta configuration, the ground
circuit). The counter may be reset to zero if
desired.
Should a fuse blow, its green indicating LED
will extinguish, the red alarm LED will be
illuminated, the audible alarm will sound, and
the remote contacts will indicate this change of
status. The audible alarm may be silenced by
pressing the switch into the DISABLE
position. The red alarm LED will continue to
be illuminated after the audible alarm is
disabled.
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