Você está na página 1de 32

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

CSIR JRF/NET Life Sciences December 2014


Booklet A

Part C
Questions + Keys + Explanations

Answer 2
Peptide Bond Hydrolysis is favorable and means Free energy always negative. Peptide bond easily hydrolysed in presence of 6N HCl.

Answer 1

Check the angle of - helix. They fall on negative scale (-, -).

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4
RNA hydrolysis is a reaction in which a phosphodiester bond in the sugar-phosphate backbone of RNA is broken, cleaving the RNA
molecule. RNA is susceptible to this base-catalyzed hydrolysis because the ribose sugar in RNA has a hydroxyl group at the 2
position.[1] This feature makes RNA chemically unstable compared to DNA, which does not have this 2 OH group and thus is not
susceptible to base-catalyzed hydrolysis.[1]

Answer 2
Presnece of disulfide bonds makes protein more stable at high temperatures.

Answer 2
Question is related to Scatchard plot.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1
Experimentally, the Km for an enzyme tends to be similar to the cellular concentration of its substrate. An enzyme that acts on a
substrate present at a very low concentration in the cell usually has a lower Km than an enzyme that acts on a substrate that is more
abundant.
Km of Isozyme A (0.1) almost similar to liver substrate concentration (0.2).
From, Biochemistry, Nelson aand Cox, Page 199

Answer 4
Both A and B statements are correct. C statements is wrong.
In the cis-Golgi a GlcNAc phosphotransferase adds a GlcNAc-1-phosphate residue onto the 6-hydroxyl group of a
specific mannose residue within theoligosaccharide. This forms a phosphodiester: Man-phosphate-GlcNAc. Once the phosphodiester
has been formed the lysosomal enzyme will be translocated through the Golgi apparatus to the trans-Golgi.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 3
If membrane already lysed, UMP fluroscence will directly measured in supernant.

Answer 1
helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

By the mutation of deacetylase gene causes to increased production of product. Normally deacetylase represses the gene
expression but mutant deacetylase cant repress the gene expression.

Answer 4. Protein import into mitochondria required membrane potential. Presence of Proteinase K will degrade protein outside of
mitochondria.

Answer 3
The addition of proteasomes inhibitor to G2 cells causes the cells arrest at anaphase.
For metaphase to anaphase progression requires the activation of Anaphase Promoting Factor(APF), which causes ubiquitination of two
target proteins, one is Securin and other is cyclin-B. Both Securin and cyclin-B are degraded by proteasome; hence cell enters in to
anaphase.
So by inhibiting proteasome causes the cell arrest at anaphase.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 2
Option 1: Wrong. They contain Pseudopeptidoglycan and 70S Ribosomes.
Option 3: Wrong. They dont have Golgi bodies.
Option 4: Wrong. They contain Pseudopeptidoglycan not chitinous cell wall.

Answer 1

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

In Tryptophan operon the structural genes are regulated by two ways


1)
2)

By trp repressor- the presence of tryptophan causes the repression of trp operon
Attenuation- the presence of tryptophan causes the formation of a attenuator terminator, which decouples transcription and
translation.

In the present question the two trp codons in the leader sequence are replaced with ala codons. Then trp operon becomes sensitive to
alanine concentration.
But trp operon is repressed by trp repressor. Hence in the presence of tryptophan causes the low expression tryptophan synthetase.

Answer 3
Statement F: Correct.
tRNA, and it can bind to the ribosomal A site and participate in peptidebond formation. The product of this reaction, instead of being
translocated to the P site, dissociates from the ribosome, causing prematurechain termination.

Answer 1

Eukaryotes often have multiple origins of replication on each linear chromosome that initiate at different times (replication
timing), with up to 100,000 present in a single human cell. Having many origins of replication helps to speed the duplication of
their (usually) much larger store of genetic material. The segment of DNA that is copied starting from each unique replication origin
is called a replicon.
During the embryonic S-M cycles, entry into S phase must be controlled posttranscriptionally and must be regulated in the presence
of constitutive cyclin E kinase activity. The addition of a GI phase during embryogenesis requires that extrinsic developmental cues
helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

influence the onset of S phase. In Drosophila, this is mediated at least in part through cyclin E. During the S-G cycle that produces
polytene cells, entry into S phase can no longer have the completion of mitosis as a prerequisite. In addition to differential control of
the onset of S phase, the actual parameters of S phase are altered during development. By parameters of S phase, we mean the
intrinsic properties of DNA replication.
The parameters of DNA replication changed in modified cell cycles include replication origin usage and activation, the rate of
replication fork movement, and the block to rereplication.
By pulse-labeling cells with nucleotides prior to this treatment, it is possible to directly examine sites of DNA synthesis. Originally
used with radioactively labeled nucleotides to accurately measure the rate of replication fork progression, more recent studies have
used this approach to compare the efficiency of origin firing between early and late replicating regions.

Answer 4
Nortern blot for RNA and Westernblot for protein. Absence of bands in control for both means regulatory mechanism operating at
tranxription and translation also. Alternative splicing is a regulated process during gene expression that results in a
single gene coding for multiple proteins

Answer 1

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1

Answer 2
helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 2

Answer 2

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

10

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 2
Proapoptotic members that promote apoptosis (eg. Bax and Bak). Because Apaf-1 is mutated, apatosome copmex cold not formed. No
apotosis.

Answer 1

Answer 4

Answer 1
helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

11

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

CSIR asking Non-Cananocal pathway and Cytoskeleton movements.

Answer 2
CSIR Asking for conditions which prevent interaction between egg and sperm.

Answer 1
A: Autonomous specification
B: Condtional Specification

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

12

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4

Answer 4

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

13

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4

Answer 2
IPT gene required for Cytokinin biosynthesis. Cytokinin delays senescence.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

14

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 3
Statement A: incorrect. Allterpenes are derived from five carbon element.
Statement B: Correct.
Statement C: Correct.
Statement D: Incorrect.

Answer 2
Statement B: Incorrect. Cryptochromes not involved in hypocotyl length.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

15

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4

Answer 4
Statement B: Correct.

Statement C: Incorrect.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

16

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 3
Statement C: Incorrect. Galactoce is not osmolyte.

Answer

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

17

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer

Answer 4

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

18

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer

Answer 2

Answer 3

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

19

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1

Answer 4
It is a frame shift mutation due to Acridine orange.

Answer 3
Stp gene is maternal and mitochondrial origin.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

20

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4
a and d having high frequency and they are closed linked.
And c are distaly linked.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

21

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1

Answer 2

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

22

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1

Answer 1
Sea anemone has radial symmetry.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

23

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4
Amborellas lineage diverged from other angiosperms around 130 million years ago, sometime after the first flowering plant
appeared. Amborella has all of the defining features of a flowing plant, but at the same time it seems to have retained some
gymnospermy characteristics as well. For instance, it lacks the vessel elements for water conduction present in most other
flowering plants. Also, while Amborella has carpels, they are incompletely closed. This is significant because the carpel is thought to
have originated from a flat, leaf-like structure with ovules on its margins. This structure eventually rolled inward and became enfolded,
creating a hollow, enclosed ovary with one or more ovules. Early angiosperms probably had carpels that were not quite fused shut but
were sealed with secretions from the carpel, which is the case with Amborella.

Answer 3

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

24

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 2

Answer 1
Euglenids only contain paraxial rods in flagella.

Answer 2
It is k-slected life history.

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

25

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4

Answer 1
Here, the carrying capacity of species 1 (K1) is higher than the carrying capacity of species 2 divided by the competition coefficient
(K2/a21), and the carrying capacity of species 2 (K2) is higher than the carrying capacity of species 1 divided by the competition
coefficient (K1/a12). Below both isoclines and above both isoclines the populations increase or decrease as in the first two scenarios, and
there is an unstable equilibrium point (closed circle) where the isoclines intersect. For points above the dashed pink line (species 2
isocline) and below the solid yellow line (species 1 isocline), the outcome is the same as in the first scenario: competitive exclusion of
species 2 by species 1. On the other hand, for points above the solid yellow line (species 1 isocline) and below the dashed pink line
(species 2 isocline), the outcome is the same as in the second scenario: competitive exclusion of species 1 by species 2. The two stable
equilibrium points are again represented by open circles. In this scenario, the outcome depends on the initial abundances of the two
species.

Answer 1

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

26

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer

Answer 3

Answer 4

Answer 3
helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

27

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Cost is higher than benefit.

Answer 1

Answer 3

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

28

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 3

Answer 4

Answer 3

Answer 1

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

29

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 2

Answer 4

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

30

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 4

Answer

Answer 4

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

31

helpBIOTECH CSIR JRF/NET Coaching

Class Room | Online | Correspondence Course

Answer 1 or 2

Answer

helpBIOTECH Academy Hyderabad | CSIR JRF/NET, GATE, MSc Entrance | Study Material for CSIR JRF /NET 2015
Contact: 040 64611970 /9652956019 | pnandaraj@gmail.com | www.helpbiotechacademy.com

32