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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

COORDINATION &
INTEGRATION OF
M&E SERVICES IN
BUILDINGS
prepared & presented by:

MUHAMMAD KAMAL AHMAD


g Department
p
Building
UiTM Shah Alam
from notes of

DR MOHD HISHAM ARIFFIN


Building Department

CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Types of M & E
3.0 Importance of
Integration &
Coordination
4.0 Integration
5.0 Coordination
6.0 Providing Space
For M&E System
7.0 Testing &
Commissioning
8.0 Conclusion

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Definition:

I t
Integration
ti

Combining
of
the
various M & E system
into one system.

Coordination

Bringing the various


systems of the building
into proper relationship
l
h
with one another.
Coordination is vital to
achieve integration of
the various M & E
system into the overall
building system.

2.0 TYPES OF M & E SYSTEMS

The M& E systems that are typically found in a


building are dependent upon the usage of the
b ildi
building.

Residential building ; least types of M&E systems


Luxury residential building; more types of M& E systems
than normal residential building.
Hospital and laboratories; more types of M&E systems
than office and institutional buildings.

Types of M&E systems are:

Electricity
y
Plumbing and sanitation
Air Condition
Fire protection
Security system
Transportation systems
Communication

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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

3.0 IMPORTANCE OF COORDINATION &


INTEGRATION

M & E systems are integral parts of modern


buildings.
The uses of a building are affected by its M & E
System.
If not considered, more funds, other resources
and time have to be spent on correcting
mistakes, resolving inter-systems contradictions
and human conflicts etc in the site installing of
the M & E system.
The cost of providing a suitable internal
environment and associated facilities for any
building will increase if maintenance is frequent
and difficult to do.

The cost impact will be great because:

M&E system constitutes 25% - 45% of building


construction cost: depends on types of
building.
The percentage of M&E costs to building costs
will increase due to increasing occupancy
requirements.
M&E systems consumes internal space : can
take 9 15% of the potential usable floor
area.
M&E operation and maintenance contribute a
major portion of total building maintenance
costs.

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

4.0 INTEGRATION

Refers to the combining of the various M&E


systems into one system.
This can be seen in terms of:

Use of space

various systems are installed such that there is


optimum use of the building internal space.
would maximise the amount of usable floor space that
be leased or sold to others.

Facility management

various systems are installed such that the use of


energy and the internal environmental conditions are
optimised.
Optimal combined use of the systems (usually via a
building automated monitoring and control system)
Help reduce the energy and labour costs.

the positioning and space allocation for the various


M&E systems allow for the easy maintenance,
upgrading and retrofitting

5.0 COORDINATION

Refers to bringing the various systems of the building into


proper relationship with one another.
To avoid conflict in the process either at design development
or implementation of the design.
This can be seen in terms of:

Design stage

Coordinate design work between architects, structural


engineers, landscape architects, interior architects, M&E
engineers.
Integrate together the architectural design, structural design,
landscape design, interiors design and M&E design.
Coordinate any design changes.
Value management analysis (3rd party design evaluation)

Construction stage

Supervision and inspection of installation of the works.


Coordinate the approval activities
Schedule the installation of M&E work among contractors.
Coordinate and communicate any design changes

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

6.0 PROVIDING SPACE FOR M&E SYSTEM

The efficient use of space for housing the


M&E system can lead to:

more usable space to lease or sell.


allow easy accessibility for maintenance and for
upgrading purposes.
future expansion or realignment of the M&E
system.

M&E system
components:

usually

consists

of

Plant or major equipment


Ducting systems or service runs
Terminal units

6.1 M&E Plant or Major Equipment


These are the biggest, heaviest and
usually noisiest parts of the system.
system
The subdivisions of M&E plant can be done
by:

Single zone M&E building


Multi vertical zoned M&E system
Floor zoning
Interstitial floor zoning
Interstitial wall zoning
Area zoning
Individual room

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

6.2 Service Runs

The service runs are ducts, cable trays, electricity


conduits, water pipes, waste water pipes etc.
Usually based on a distribution tree layout

the service runs consists of trunk (or core or riser) which


then break off into branches and perhaps sub-branches.

The accommodation of service runs can be


provided by:

Allocating or creating the space

Using the building elements

Exp: M&E riser shaft ; hidden space created in suspended


ceiling
g
Exp : buried in the material of the elements; installed in
the space created due to particular design of the element
eg framed cavity wall.

Exposed

Exp : on the wall or ceiling (floor soffit); installed on the


outside of the building

Mk Mals, Centre of Studies for Construction

BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

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M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

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6.2.1 Special requirement of service runs


Certain

requirements for
service run are:
Shielding
Fire and smoke
containment
Colour coding
Vibration,
noise and
movement

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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

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6.3 TERMINAL UNITS

Devices or outlets or points to


which external devices can be
connected.
t d
Located at:

The ends of service run branches


The intersections of the service
runs
Points along the service runs.

Usually accommodated in:

Hidden state

Installed in wall, suspended


ceiling, floor soffit or floor slab.

Exposed state

Suspended from the floor soffit


or hung from the wall or sitting
on the floor

7.0 TESTING & COMMISSIONING

ALL M & E systems should be tested and approved before


being commissioned for use.
The
h installer
ll usually
ll does
d
the
h existing and
d commissioning off
the M & E system in the presence of the clients
representative (usually the M & E Engineer)
Commissioning comes after approval of the tests results by
the client representatives and the relevant authority or
permit issuing authority.
The following should be done:

Schedule tests for each of the M & E system


y
Specify testing and commission procedures and
methods to ensure that all the necessary tests are done
in order to get the operating permit from the relevant
authorities.
Ensure that the installer provide a maintenance manual
for the system
Specify a guarantee period for the system.

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BCM544 CONSTRUC TION TECHNOLOGY IV

M& E INTEGRATION & COORDINATI0ON

8.0 CONCLUSION

Lack of coordination and intergration of the M & E


systems
y
can lead to increase costs.
Integration is the coming together of parts of the
whole physical design.
Coordination is the coming together of the
components of the total process in order to
optimise integration.
Space must be provided to accommodate the
plant,
l t service
i runs and
d terminal
t
i l points
i t off the
th M &
E systems.
The layout of the M & E accomodation should
allow for the maintenance, refurbishment and
future expansion.

THE END

thank you
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