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# MSET ENGINEERING CORPORATION SDN BHD

DATE: 19.11.2014

REVISION: 0

## JOB NO: M2-246

DESIGN CALCULATION
OPEN DRAIN TANK
TAG NO: T-6500

PROJECT NAME:

CLIENT NAME:

0
Rev.
No.

19.11.14

## Issued for Review

Date

Description of Revision

Mohd Faizal
Prepared
by

Yahasliza
Reviewed
by

Mohd Helmi
Approved
by

Table of Content
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
8.0
10.0

## Introduction & Reference

SideWall Thickness Calculation
SideWall Thickness Calculation (Sight Glass Area)
Bottom Plate Thickness Calculation
Top Plate Thickness Calculation
Weight of tank

Attachment
A1 Nozzle reinforcement based on ASME VIII Div. 1
A2 Table of Structural Properties

2
3
6
9
12
14
16

17
54

## 1.0 Introduction & Reference

RECTANGULAR TANKS
-UNDER HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE.
Ref: Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain (Seventh Edition)
Warren C. Young
Ref: Pressure Vessel HandBook 'Tenth Edition'
Eugene F. Megyesy
Criteria:

## a-Unstiffened Tanks may not be larger than 8.5E+008 cu.mm

b-Stiffened Tanks may not be larger than 4.0E+009 cu.mm
c-Maximum Deflection of plate limited to 1/2 thickness.
d-Maximum Deflection of plate limited to L/200.
e-Minimum thickness as per API 650 1998 ADD. 2003 Clause 3.4.1: 6t exclusive c.a.
f-Minimum thickness as per API 650 1998 ADD. 2003 Clause 3.6.1 <5m : 5t exclusive c.a.
As good Engineering practice.

Notation

(ALFA) constant

E
G
H
B
I
L

=
=
=
=
=
=

Modulus Of Elasticity
Specific Gravity For Liquid
Height Of Tank
Width Of Tank
Moment of Inertia
Maximum Distance between supports

L
R
Sa
t
ta
tb
tB
P1
y
Ys

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Length Of Tank
Reaction with subscripts indicating the location.
Allowable Stress as per API 650 1998 ADD. 2003, Table 3-2.
Required plate thickness
Actual plate thickness
Required plate thickness for bottom
Actual plate thicknes for bottom
Pressure acting on surface at certain length
Deflection of plate
Young Modulus
(BETA) constant

=
=
=

Pressure Imposed
Density Liquid
(GAMA) constant

R
tr
Ej

=
=
=

Maximum reaction force per unit length normal to the plate surface
Thickness required
Joint Efficiency

## 2.0 SideWall Thickness Calculation ( Largest Compartment)

Material : SA-516 Gr. 70
H:
1500 mm
B:
2500 mm
L:
2500 mm
G:
1
(To more conservative, MSET used the higher liquid density)

1000 kg/m
Sa :
138.0 N/mm at
60 C
E:
200474 N/mm
ys :
250.0 N/mm at
60 C
C.A :
3 mm
D.P : Full Static Head + 5 kPag
D.T :
60 C
Ej :
0.85

## Liquid Static Pressure at required area, q

Liquid Static Pressure at the lowest point (q):
:
q:

xgx(H meter))
14715.00 N/m
0.01472 N/mm

## Design Pressure at required area , (D.P)

Design Pressure (D.P) on H area:
:
:
:
a) Capacity Of Tank:
total:

9.38E+09 cu.mm
2476.603 Gallon

q
+
14715
+
19715 Pa
0.01972 N/mm2

5000
5000

Pa

Chapter 11[table 11.4- 8a: Rectangular plate, all edge simply supported, Uniform over entire plate]

Values of
Ratio, (a/b)
Constant,
Constant,
Constant,

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.3087

0.3834

0.4356

0.468

0.4872

0.4974

0.5000

0.1386

0.1794

0.2094

0.2286

0.2406

0.2472

0.2500

0.0138

0.0188

0.0226

0.0251

0.0267

0.0277

0.0284

Table 8a
a=

1602 mm

a/b
Ratio, (a/b)

=
Constant,
Constant,
Constant,

b=

2.14
2.14
0.5000
0.2500
0.0284

750 mm

## a) Plate Thickness Calculation

Required plate thickness on H1 area, t : SQRT(-BETA* (D.P) *b /(Sa*Ej)) + C.A
=
9.875
mm

Chosen T actual ta =

12

mm

## b) Maximum plate deflection

y max : ALFA* (D.P) * b^4 / Eta3
y max =
0.511
mm

Acceptance criteria :
(c) Limited to 1/2 ta
=
(d) Limited to B/300
=
*Deflection of plate under allowable criteria.

6 mm
8.33 mm

d) Stiffening Calculation
Pressure Vessel HandBook 'Tenth Edition' [Rectangular Tank]
i) Maximum reaction force per unit length normal to the plate surface,
Pressure at stiffener location ;
Pstiff. =

0.0123575

w = Pstiff. x a
19.80
=

N/mm2

N/mm

## ii) Maximum bending stress

Mmax = w x a^2 / 8
= 6350796.07 N mm
iii) Required section modulus
Zreq = Mmax / Sa
= 46020.26

mm3

## iv) Choosen stiffener :

Angle bar = (125 x 125 x 12t)
Section modulus of stiffener (refer to Appendices A2 for value of choosen stiffener );

Z=

47000

Section modulus

mm3
>

## 3.0 SideWall Thickness Calculation (Sight Glass Area)

Material : SA-516 Gr. 70
H:
1500 mm
B:
2500 mm
L:
2500 mm
G:
1
(To more conservative, MSET used the higher liquid density)

1000 kg/m
Sa :
138.0 N/mm at
60 C
E:
200474 N/mm
ys :
250.0 N/mm at
60 C
C.A :
3 mm
D.P : Full Static Head + 5 kPag
D.T :
60 C
Ej :
0.85

## Liquid Static Pressure at required area, q

Liquid Static Pressure on H area (q):
:
q:

xgx(H meter))
14715.00 N/m
0.01472 N/mm

## Design Pressure at required area , (D.P)

Design Pressure (D.P) on H area

a) Capacity Of Tank:
total:

:
:
:
:

9.38E+09 cu.mm
2476.603 Gallon

q
+
14715
+
19715 Pa
0.01972 N/mm2

5000
5000

Pa

Chapter 11[table 11.4- 1d: Rectangular plate, all edge simply supported]

Long side, a =
Ratio a/b =

1500.0 mm

Short side, b=

3.32
Ratio, a/b
Constant,
Constant,

3
0.430

3.32
0.4555

3.5
0.4700

0.078

0.0831

0.0860

Table 1d

452.0 mm

## a) Plate Thickness Calculation

Required plate thickness on H1 area, t : SQRT(-BETA* (D.P) *(b) /(Sa*Ej))+C.A
=
6.955
mm

Chosen T actual ta =

12

mm

## y max : ALFA*(D.P)*(b^4) / E ta3

=
0.197
mm
Acceptance criteria :
(c) Limited to 1/2 ta
=
6 mm
(d) Limited to L/300
=
8.33 mm
*Deflection of plate under allowable criteria.

c) Stiffening Calculation
Pressure Vessel HandBook 'Tenth Edition' [Rectangular Tank]
i) Maximum reaction force per unit length normal to the plate surface,
w = D.P x a
29.57
=

N/mm

## ii) Maximum bending stress

Mmax = w x a^2 /20
= 3326906.25 N mm
iii) Required section modulus
Zreq = Mmax / Sa
=
24108.02 mm3
iv) Choosen stiffener :
Flat bar = (h x t)
= (125 x 12.7t)mm
Section modulus of stiffener ;
Z=

33072.9

Section modulus

mm3
>

## 4.0 Bottom Plate Thickness Calculation

Material : SA-516 Gr. 70
H:
1500 mm
B:
2500 mm
L:
2500 mm
G:
1

1000 kg/m
(To more conservative, MSET used the higher liquid density)
Sa :
138 N/mm at
60 C
E:
200474 N/mm
ys :
250.0 N/mm at
60 C
C.A :
3 mm
D.P : Full Static Head + 5 kPag
D.T :
60 C
Ej :
0.85

:
q:

## Design Pressure D.P :

:
:
:

*g*(h Meter))
14715.000 N/m
0.01472 N/mm

q
+
14715.00
+
19715.00 Pa
0.01972 N/mm2

5000
5000

Pa

Chapter 1[table 11.4- 1a: Rectangular plate, uniform load, all edges simply supported]

Long side,a

840

mm

Short side,b

640

mm

a/b

1.31

1.2

1.31

1.4

0.3762

0.4194

0.4530

0.0616

0.0703

0.0770

0.4550

0.4679

0.4780

## Interpolation of constant value

Ratio, a/b
Constant,
Constant,
Constant,

Table 1a
a) Plate Thickness Calculation
Required plate thickness t : SQRT(-BETA* q *b /(Sa*Ej))+C.A
t =
8.37
mm

Chosen T actual ta =

12

mm

## b) Maximum plate deflection

y max : ALFA* q * b^4 / Eta3
y max =
0.671
mm

Acceptance criteria :
(c) Limited to 1/2 ta
=
(d) Limited to B/300
=
*Deflection of plate under allowable criteria.

6 mm
3.33 mm

10

c) Stiffening Calculation
) Maximum reaction force per unit length normal to the plate surface
w = D.P x a
16.56
=

N/mm

## ii) Maximum bending stress

Mmax = w x a^2 / 8
= 1460644.92 N mm
iii) Required section modulus
Zreq = Mmax / Sa
=
10584.38 mm3
iv) Choosen stiffener :
Flat bar = (h x t)
= (80 x 12.7t)

mm

Z=

13546.7

Section modulus

mm3
>

## Required section modulus

No further calculation for other area since the calculation has been made on the largest area.

11

## 5.0 Top Plate Thickness Calculation

Material : SA-516 Gr. 70
Material Density :
7750 Kg/m^3
Static Pressure, Pa
5 kPa
B:
2500 mm
L:
2500 mm
G:
1

1000 kg/m
Sa :
138.0 N/mm at
E:
200474 N/mm
ys :
250.0 N/mm at
C.A :
3 mm
D.T :
60 C
Ej :
0.85

60 C
60 C

## Maximum Load Exerted from Top :

Miscellanous Weight

=
=
=
=

(maximum of static pressure or q)

12

300.00 kg
100 kg

----->
----->
----->
----->

0.0022627
0.0019621
0.0007542
0.004979

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

0.005 N/mm2

Chapter 1[table 11.4- 9a: Rectangular plate, uniform load, three edges fixed, one edge simply supported]

## Interpolation of constant value

Long side, a =
Ratio a/b =

2500.0 mm

Short side, b=

1.32

a/b
Constant,

1
0.307

1.32
0.4568

1.5
0.5390

Table 9a
Required plate thickness t : SQRT(BETA1* q *L /(Sa*Ej))+C.A
t =
11.34
mm

Chosen T actual ta =

12

mm

No further calculation for other area since the calculation has been made on the largest area.

13

1890.0 mm

## 6.0 Weight Summary

Plate
Material : SA 516 Gr. 70
Material Density :
7,750.0 Kg/m^3
Part
Shell Shorter Side
Shell Longer Side
Bottom Side
Top Side

1500
1500
2500
2500

x
x
x
x

Size
2500
2500
2500
2500

x
x
x
x

Volume(m^3)
0.0476
0.0476
0.0794
0.0794

12t
12t
12t
12t

Weight
Qty Total Weight
369.094 2
738.188 Kg
369.094 2
738.188 Kg
615.156 1
615.156 Kg
615.156 1
615.156 Kg
Total 2706.7 Kg

Flange
Material
Material Density
Plate Material
Material Density

: SA 105
:
7,750.4 Kg/m^3
: SA-240 GR. 316L
:
8,150.0 Kg/m^3

Part
N1A/B,H1
N1C, N4, N5A/B, K1A/B, K2A/B
N2A/B
N3, N7, N8
M1 (Plate Flange)

Size
DN 150 Rating 150#
DN 50 Rating 150#
DN 80 Rating 150#
DN 250 Rating 150#
624 mm OD x 12t

Blind for M1

750 mm OD x 12.7t

Weight
(kg)
21.82
6.68
8.58
52.7
31.66
45.73

Qty
3
8
2
3
1

Total Weight
65.460 Kg
53.440 Kg
17.160 Kg
158.100 Kg
31.658 Kg

45.733 Kg

Total

371.6 Kg

## Nozzle + Bolt/Nut + Stiffener

Pipe/Elbow Material : SA 106 Gr. B
Material Density :
7,750.0 Kg/m^3

## Plate Material : SA 516 Gr. 70

Material Density :
7,750.0 Kg/m^3
DN 600 neck roll by plate :
0.15 m projection

Part
N1A/B,H1
N1C, N4, N5A/B, K1A/B, K2A/B
N2A/B
N3, N7, N8
M1
Misc. parts
Welding weight
Flat bar
Angel bar
4 nos support leg

Size
Pipe DN 150 Sch. 160
Pipe DN 50 Sch. 160
Pipe DN 80 Sch. 160
Pipe DN 250 Sch. 160
DN 600 x 12t (rolled by plate)
Plate 12t
125 x 125 x 12t
336mm x 450mm x 12mm

Length(m)/Qty
/Vol
0.9
2.4
0.6
0.9
0.5
27.00
10.00
4

m
m
m
m
m

m
m
nos

Weight/
length
67.56
11.11
21.35
172.33
27.66
7.87
22.7
-

Total

14

Total Weight
60.804
26.664
11.700
11.700
12.700
100.000
10.000
212.598
227.000
30.000

703.166

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

Approx.
Approx.

## Operating Liquid : Water

Density :
1000 Kg/m
Liquid Weight = Volume * Density
=
9375 kg
Total Weight =

9375.000

kg

## Test Liquid : Water

Density :
1000 Kg/m
Liquid Weight = Volume * Density
=
9375 kg
Total Weight =

9375.000

kg

Summary :
Fabricated Weight :
Shop Test Weight :
Erected/Lifting Weight :
Empty Weight :

Bare weight w/o Removable Internal :Fabricated Weight + Water(Full) :Fabricated Weight + etc:Fabricated Weight + Removable Int. + Weight :-

## Empty Weight + Operating Liquid:-

15

3781.404
13156.404
3781.404
3781.404

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

13156 Kg

DESIGN WIND LOAD IN ACCORDANCE WITH API-RP 2A WSD, 2.3.2c, 21ST EDITION
Height from sea deck to bottom ship (assume) =10
T
Z
Uo

=
=
=

3
10.0
25.600

Meter

Second
Meter
m/s

Constant value ( C )
C =
=

0.0573(1+0.15Uo)
0.126

## 3-second Gust wind speed (U(z)) at an elevation of Z

U(z)=
=

Uo [ 1 + C In (Z/10) ]
29.14537127 m/s

At Z =30 m,
Design wind speed, U(z) =

u=
r=
Cs =
Lv =
Wi =
A = Lv*Wi

29.15
1.225
1.5
1500
2500
3750000
3.8

29.145371 m/s

m/s
kg/m
mm
mm
mm
m

[
[
[
[
[
[

Wind Speed ]
Weight Density of air ]
Shape Coefficient ]
Length of Tank ]
Width of Tank ]
Projected Area ]

Wind Force
Fw = (r/2)*u*Cs*A
Fw =

2926.63 N
2.93 kN

## Pressure due to wind force =

=
=
=

Fw x A
5.17/3.8
0.78
0.00102

kN/m
N/mm

Note : External pressure less then the internal pressure, so the external pressure was
neglected for the side wall calculation.

16

A1
Nozzlereinforcementcalculationbasedon
ASMEVIIIDiv.1

17

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

1,

Description: DN80

19.72 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient
Plate Yield Stress at Temperature

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

249.327 N./mm

0.30
12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Tank

CAS

8.3400 mm.

3.0000 mm.

YES

## Nozzle Material (Not Normalized or NA)

Material UNS Number

SA-106 B
K03006

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

## Diameter Basis for Nozzle

Nominal Diameter of Nozzle

SN

117.905 N./mm

SNA

117.905 N./mm

BASISN
DIA

OD
76.200 mm.
18

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

Nominal Thickness of Nozzle

DBN

Nominal

THKNOM

CAN

SCH 160
3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
200.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

## Method used for checking Nozzle opening

Method used for checking Large Nozzles
Is this is Manway/Access/Inspection Opening
Skip Iterative Failure Thickness Calculations

12.0000 mm.

UG-37
App. 1-10
No
Yes

## Actual Outside Diameter Used in Calculation

Actual Thickness Used in Calculation

88.900 mm.
11.125 mm.

Tr

8.3400 mm.

19

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (19.72*(88.9000/2-0.000)/(117.90*1.00+0.4*19.72)
= 0.0074 + 3.0000 = 3.0074 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL

145.299 mm.

20.313 mm.

## NOTE : Taking a UG-36(c)(3)(a) exemption for DN80

This calculation is valid for nozzles that meet all the requirements of
paragraph UG-36. Please check the Code carefully, especially for nozzles
that are not isolated or do not meet Code spacing requirements. To force
the computation of areas for small nozzles, go to the Miscellaneous Tab.

8.58 Kgf

7.44 Kgf

1, Desc.: DN80

Tmin

8.1252 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

20

, mm.

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## NOTE : Skipping the nozzle attachment weld strength calculations.

Per UW-15(b)(2) the nozzles exempted by UG-36(c)(3)(a) (small nozzles)
do not require a weld strength check.

Flange Pressure Rating for CL 150 GR 1.1 (ASME/ANSI B16.5/.47 2006 Ed.):
Pressure Rating for B16.5 Flange at :

60 C is : 1896.034 KPa.

## Pressure Rating for B16.5 Flange at :

21 C is : 1964.961 KPa.

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

2,

Description: DN50

19.72 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient
Plate Yield Stress at Temperature

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

Actual Thickness of Plate

249.327 N./mm

F
T

0.30
12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Plate

CAS

6.8750 mm.

3.0000 mm.

YES

21

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

SA-106 B

K03006

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

117.905 N./mm

SNA

117.905 N./mm

BASISN

OD

DIA

## Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

Nominal Thickness of Nozzle

SN

60.300 mm.

DBN

Nominal

THKNOM

CAN

SCH 160
3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
200.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

## Method used for checking Nozzle opening

Method used for checking Large Nozzles
Is this is Manway/Access/Inspection Opening
Skip Iterative Failure Thickness Calculations

12.0000 mm.

UG-37
App. 1-10
No
Yes

73.025 mm.
22

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

9.525 mm.

Tr

6.8750 mm.

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (19.72*(73.0250/2-0.000)/(117.90*1.00+0.4*19.72)
= 0.0061 + 3.0000 = 3.0061 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL

119.950 mm.

16.312 mm.

## NOTE : Taking a UG-36(c)(3)(a) exemption for DN50

This calculation is valid for nozzles that meet all the requirements of
paragraph UG-36. Please check the Code carefully, especially for nozzles
that are not isolated or do not meet Code spacing requirements. To force
the computation of areas for small nozzles, go to the Miscellaneous Tab.

## Weight of Nozzle, with Flange, Uncorroded

Weight of Nozzle, with Flange, Corroded

6.68 Kgf
5.74 Kgf
23

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN50
Item:
2 11:42p Nov 18,2014

2, Desc.: DN50

Tmin

6.5250 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

, mm.

## NOTE : Skipping the nozzle attachment weld strength calculations.

Per UW-15(b)(2) the nozzles exempted by UG-36(c)(3)(a) (small nozzles)
do not require a weld strength check.

24

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

3,

Description: DN600

5.00 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

249.327 N./mm

0.30
T

12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Shell or Head

CAS

SA-516 70

K02700

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

3.0000 mm.

YES

8.3400 mm.

SN

137.900 N./mm

SNA

137.900 N./mm

BASISN
DIA

DBN

OD
600.000 mm.

Actual
25

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

THK

12.0000 mm.

CAN

3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
240.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

SA-516 70

## Pad Allowable Stress at Temperature

Diameter of Pad along vessel surface

SN

137.900 N./mm

SNA

137.900 N./mm

DP

TP

910.000 mm.

12.0000 mm.

WP

8.0000 mm.

WGPN

12.0000 mm.

## For split pads, reduce area A5 by 75% (UG-37(h))

Pipe Specification

12.0000 mm.

NO

Welded

## Method used for checking Nozzle opening

Method used for checking Large Nozzles
Is this is Manway/Access/Inspection Opening
Skip Iterative Failure Thickness Calculations

UG-37
App. 1-10
Yes
Yes

600.000 mm.
26

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

12.000 mm.

Tr

8.3400 mm.

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (5.00*(600.0000/2-0.000)/(137.90*1.00+0.4*5.00)
= 0.0109 + 3.0000 = 3.0109 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL 1164.000 mm.

22.500 mm.

22.500 mm.

## Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:

Area Available, A1 to A5
Area Required
Area in Shell

Ar

0.000
A2

## Area in Inward Nozzle

Total Area Available

24.269 24.269

A1

Area in Welds

Design External

A3
A4

A5

4.045

4.050

0.000
1.450

37.200

Atot

0.000

0.000

Mapnc
NA cm

NA cm
NA cm
NA cm

1.450

NA cm

37.200

NA cm

42.695 42.700

NA cm
27

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

90.00 Degs.

## The area available without a pad is Insufficient.

The area available with the given pad is Sufficient.

Diameter

Width

Thickness

758.825

79.4125

12.0000 mm.

911.225 155.6125

6.3500 mm.

749.300

74.6500

12.7000 mm.

## Reinforcement Area Required for Nozzle:

Ar = 0.5*(DLR*TR+2*THK*TR*(1-FFR1)) per UG-37(d) or UG-39
Ar = 0.5*(582.0000*8.3400+2*(12.0000-3.0000)*8.3400*(1.00-1.00))
Ar = 24.269 cm

## Area Available in Nozzle Wall, no Pad:

A2np = ( 2 * MIN(TLNP,HO) ) * ( THK - CAN - TRN ) * FFR2
A2np = ( 2 * 22.5000 ) * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 - 0.0109 ) * 1.00 )
A2np = 4.045 cm

## Area Available in Nozzle Wall, with Pad:

A2wp = (2*MIN(TLWP,HO))*(THK-CAN-TRN)*FFR2
A2wp = ( 2 * 22.5000 ) * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 - 0.0109 ) * 1.00 )
A2wp = 4.045 cm
28

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Area Available in Welds, no Pad:

A4np = Wo^2*FFR2 + ( Wi-Can/0.707 )^2*FFR2
A4np = 9.0000 ^2 * 1.0000 + ( 0.0000 )^2 * 1.0000
A4np = 0.810 cm

## Area Available in Welds, with Pad:

A4wp = Wo^2*FFR3 + (Wi-Can/0.707)^2*FFR2 + Wp^2*FFR4
A4wp = (9.0000 )^2 *1.00 + (0.0000 )^2 *1.00 +8.0000 ^2 *1.00
A4wp = 1.450 cm

A5 = (MIN(DP,DL)-(DIA+2*THK))*(Min(TP,TLWP,TE))*FFR4
A5 = ( 909.9999 - 600.0000 ) * 12.0000 * 1.0000
A5 = 37.200 cm

## UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness Requirement: [Int. Press.]

Wall Thickness for Internal/External pressures

ta = 3.0128 mm.

= ta
= 3.0128 mm.

## Weight of Nozzle, with Pad, Uncorroded

Weight of Nozzle, with Pad, Corroded

77.49 Kgf
66.15 Kgf

3, Desc.: DN600

Tmin

9.0000 mm.
29

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

9.0000 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

, mm.

## 4.5000 = 0.5*TminPad 5.6568 = 0.707 * WP

, mm.

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
= (AR-A1+2*(THK-Can)*Ffr1*(E1(T-Cas)-Tr))*S
= (24.2694 - 0.0000 + 2 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 1.0000 *
(0.85 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) - 8.3400 ) ) * 137
= 33952.08 Kgf

= (A2+A5+A4-(WI-CAN/.707)^2*Ffr2)*S
= ( 4.0451 + 37.2000 + 1.4500 - 0.0000 * 1.00 ) * 137
= 60036.26 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 4.0451 + 0.0000 + 0.8100 + 1.6200 ) * 137
= 9105.05 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 4.0451 + 0.0000 + 37.2000 + 1.4500 + 1.6200 ) * 137
= 62314.25 Kgf
30

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis :

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:
= (PI/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 600.0000 * 9.0000 * 0.49 * 137
= 58445. Kgf

## Shear, Pad Element Weld [Spew]:

= (PI/2) * Dp * Wp * 0.49 * Sew
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 909.9999 * 8.0000 * 0.49 * 137
= 78792. Kgf

## Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:

= (PI * (DLR+Dlo) /4.0) * (THK-Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= ( 3.1416 * 295.5000 ) * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 0.7 * 137
= 82240. Kgf

## Tension, Pad Groove Weld [Tpgw]:

= (PI/2.0) * Dlo * Wgpn * 0.74 * Seg
= (3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 600.0000 * 12.0000 * 0.74 * 137
= 117685. Kgf

## Tension, Nozzle Groove Weld [Tngw]:

= (PI/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 600.0000 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 0.74 * 137
= 88263. Kgf

## Strength of Failure Paths:

PATH11 = ( Spew + Snw ) = ( 78792 + 82240 ) = 161032 Kgf
PATH22 = ( Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 58444 + 117684 + 88263 + 0 ) = 264392 Kgf
31

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN600
Item:
3 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## PATH33 = ( Spew + Tngw + Sinw )

= ( 78792 + 88263 + 0 ) = 167055 Kgf

## Summary of Failure Path Calculations:

Path 1-1 = 161032 Kgf, must exceed W = 33952 Kgf or W1 = 60036 Kgf
Path 2-2 = 264392 Kgf, must exceed W = 33952 Kgf or W2 = 9105 Kgf
Path 3-3 = 167055 Kgf, must exceed W = 33952 Kgf or W3 = 62314 Kgf

## Percent Elongation Calculations:

Percent Elongation per UCS-79 ( 50 * tnom/Rf * (1-Rf/Ro) ) 2.041 %

32

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

4,

Description: DN150

19.72 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

249.327 N./mm

0.30
12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Plate

CAS

6.8750 mm.

3.0000 mm.

YES

## Nozzle Material (Not Normalized or NA)

Material UNS Number

SA-106 B
K03006

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

## Diameter Basis for Nozzle

Nominal Diameter of Nozzle

SN

117.905 N./mm

SNA

117.905 N./mm

BASISN
DIA

OD
152.400 mm.
33

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

Nominal Thickness of Nozzle

DBN

Nominal

THKNOM

CAN

SCH 160
3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
200.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

## Method used for checking Nozzle opening

Method used for checking Large Nozzles
Is this is Manway/Access/Inspection Opening
Skip Iterative Failure Thickness Calculations

12.0000 mm.

UG-37
App. 1-10
No
Yes

## Actual Outside Diameter Used in Calculation

Actual Thickness Used in Calculation

168.275 mm.
18.237 mm.

Tr

6.8750 mm.

34

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (19.72*(168.2750/2-0.000)/(117.90*1.00+0.4*19.72)
= 0.0141 + 3.0000 = 3.0141 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL

275.601 mm.

22.500 mm.

## Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:

Area Available, A1 to A5
Area Required
Area in Shell

Ar

1.034
A2

## Area in Inward Nozzle

Total Area Available

4.889

A1

Area in Welds

Design External

A3
A4

A5

4.889
2.834

5.857

0.000

Atot

NA cm
NA cm

0.000

0.693
0.000

7.583

NA cm

5.863

0.000
0.693

Mapnc

NA cm
NA cm
NA cm

9.389

NA cm

90.00 Degs.

## Reinforcement Area Required for Nozzle:

Ar = 0.5*(DLR*TR+2*THK*TR*(1-FFR1)) per UG-37(d) or UG-39
Ar = 0.5*(137.8006*6.8750+2*(18.2372-3.0000)*6.8750*(1.00-0.86))
35

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

Ar = 4.889 cm

Areas per UG-37.1 but with DL = Diameter Limit, DLR = Nozzle Opening size:
Area Available in Shell (A1):
A1 = (DL-DLR)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)-2*(THK-CAN)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)*(1-FFR1)
A1 = (275.601-137.801)*(0.85*(12.0000-3.000)-6.875)-2*(18.237-3.000)
*(0.85*(12.0000-3.0000)-6.8750)*(1.0-0.86)
A1 = 1.034 cm

## Area Available in Nozzle Wall, no Pad:

A2np = ( 2 * MIN(TLNP,HO) ) * ( THK - CAN - TRN ) * FFR2
A2np = ( 2 * 22.5000 ) * ( 18.2372 - 3.0000 - 0.0141 ) * 0.86 )
A2np = 5.857 cm

## Area Available in Welds, no Pad:

A4np = Wo^2*FFR2 + ( Wi-Can/0.707 )^2*FFR2
A4np = 9.0000 ^2 * 0.8550 + ( 0.0000 )^2 * 0.8550
A4np = 0.693 cm

## UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness Requirement: [Int. Press.]

Wall Thickness for Internal/External pressures
Wall Thickness per UG16(b),

ta = 3.0166 mm.

Wall Thickness

Wall Thickness

## Determine Nozzle Thickness candidate [tb]:

= min[ tb3, max( tb1,tb2) ]
= min[ 9.223 , max( 9.875 , 4.588 ) ]
36

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

= 9.2230 mm.

## Minimum Wall Thickness of Nozzle Necks [tUG-45]:

= max( ta, tb )
= max( 3.0166 , 9.2230 )
= 9.2230 mm.

21.82 Kgf

19.64 Kgf

4, Desc.: DN150

Tmin

9.0000 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

## 6.3000 = 0.7 * Tmin 6.3639 = 0.707 * WO

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
= (AR-A1+2*(THK-Can)*Ffr1*(E1(T-Cas)-Tr))*S
= (4.8888 - 1.0337 + 2 * ( 18.2372 - 3.0000 ) * 0.8550 *
(0.85 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) - 6.8750 ) ) * 137
= 5704.82 Kgf

= (A2+A5+A4-(WI-CAN/.707)^2*Ffr2)*S
37

, mm.

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## = ( 5.8571 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 - 0.0000 * 0.86 ) * 137

= 9209.87 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 5.8571 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 2.3450 ) * 137
= 12507.33 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 5.8571 + 0.0000 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 2.3450 ) * 137
= 12507.33 Kgf

## Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis :

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:
= (PI/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 168.2750 * 9.0000 * 0.49 * 117
= 14015. Kgf

## Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:

= (PI * (DLR+Dlo) /4.0) * (THK-Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= ( 3.1416 * 76.5189 ) * ( 18.2372 - 3.0000 ) * 0.7 * 117
= 30826. Kgf

## Tension, Nozzle Groove Weld [Tngw]:

= (PI/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 168.2750 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 0.74 * 117
= 21165. Kgf

38

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN150
Item:
4 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## PATH11 = ( Sonw + Snw ) = ( 14014 + 30826 ) = 44841 Kgf

PATH22 = ( Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 14014 + 0 + 21164 + 0 ) = 35179 Kgf
PATH33 = ( Sonw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 14014 + 21164 + 0 ) = 35179 Kgf

## Summary of Failure Path Calculations:

Path 1-1 = 44841 Kgf, must exceed W = 5704 Kgf or W1 = 9209 Kgf
Path 2-2 = 35179 Kgf, must exceed W = 5704 Kgf or W2 = 12507 Kgf
Path 3-3 = 35179 Kgf, must exceed W = 5704 Kgf or W3 = 12507 Kgf

39

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

5,

Description: DN250

19.72 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

249.327 N./mm

0.30
12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Plate

CAS

6.8750 mm.

3.0000 mm.

YES

## Nozzle Material (Not Normalized or NA)

Material UNS Number

SA-106 B
K03006

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

## Diameter Basis for Nozzle

Nominal Diameter of Nozzle

SN

117.905 N./mm

SNA

117.905 N./mm

BASISN
DIA

OD
254.000 mm.
40

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

Nominal Thickness of Nozzle

DBN

Nominal

THKNOM

CAN

SCH 160
3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
200.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

12.0000 mm.

UG-37

App. 1-10

No

Yes

273.050 mm.

28.575 mm.

Tr

6.8750 mm.

41

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (19.72*(273.0500/2-0.000)/(117.90*1.00+0.4*19.72)
= 0.0228 + 3.0000 = 3.0228 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL

443.800 mm.

22.500 mm.

## Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:

Area Available, A1 to A5
Area Required
Area in Shell

Ar

1.662
A2

## Area in Inward Nozzle

Total Area Available

7.883

A1

Area in Welds

Design External

A3
A4

A5

NA cm

9.840

0.000

0.000

NA cm

4.558

9.831

0.693

Atot

7.883

Mapnc

NA cm

0.000

NA cm

0.693
0.000

NA cm
NA cm

12.186 15.090

NA cm

90.00 Degs.

## Reinforcement Area Required for Nozzle:

Ar = 0.5*(DLR*TR+2*THK*TR*(1-FFR1)) per UG-37(d) or UG-39
Ar = 0.5*(221.9000*6.8750+2*(28.5750-3.0000)*6.8750*(1.00-0.86))
42

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

Ar = 7.883 cm

Areas per UG-37.1 but with DL = Diameter Limit, DLR = Nozzle Opening size:
Area Available in Shell (A1):
A1 = (DL-DLR)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)-2*(THK-CAN)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)*(1-FFR1)
A1 = (443.800-221.900)*(0.85*(12.0000-3.000)-6.875)-2*(28.575-3.000)
*(0.85*(12.0000-3.0000)-6.8750)*(1.0-0.86)
A1 = 1.662 cm

## Area Available in Nozzle Wall, no Pad:

A2np = ( 2 * MIN(TLNP,HO) ) * ( THK - CAN - TRN ) * FFR2
A2np = ( 2 * 22.5000 ) * ( 28.5750 - 3.0000 - 0.0228 ) * 0.86 )
A2np = 9.831 cm

## Area Available in Welds, no Pad:

A4np = Wo^2*FFR2 + ( Wi-Can/0.707 )^2*FFR2
A4np = 9.0000 ^2 * 0.8550 + ( 0.0000 )^2 * 0.8550
A4np = 0.693 cm

## UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness Requirement: [Int. Press.]

Wall Thickness for Internal/External pressures
Wall Thickness per UG16(b),

ta = 3.0269 mm.

Wall Thickness

Wall Thickness

## Determine Nozzle Thickness candidate [tb]:

= min[ tb3, max( tb1,tb2) ]
= min[ 11.103 , max( 9.875 , 4.588 ) ]
43

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

= 9.8750 mm.

## Minimum Wall Thickness of Nozzle Necks [tUG-45]:

= max( ta, tb )
= max( 3.0269 , 9.8750 )
= 9.8750 mm.

52.70 Kgf

49.24 Kgf

5, Desc.: DN250

Tmin

9.0000 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

## 6.3000 = 0.7 * Tmin 6.3639 = 0.707 * WO

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
= (AR-A1+2*(THK-Can)*Ffr1*(E1(T-Cas)-Tr))*S
= (7.8828 - 1.6622 + 2 * ( 28.5750 - 3.0000 ) * 0.8550 *
(0.85 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) - 6.8750 ) ) * 137
= 9223.66 Kgf

= (A2+A5+A4-(WI-CAN/.707)^2*Ffr2)*S
= ( 9.8312 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 - 0.0000 * 0.86 ) * 137
44

, mm.

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

= 14798.10 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 9.8312 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 3.9360 ) * 137
= 20332.75 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 9.8312 + 0.0000 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 3.9360 ) * 137
= 20332.75 Kgf

## Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis :

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:
= (PI/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 273.0500 * 9.0000 * 0.49 * 117
= 22741. Kgf

## Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:

= (PI * (DLR+Dlo) /4.0) * (THK-Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= ( 3.1416 * 123.7375 ) * ( 28.5750 - 3.0000 ) * 0.7 * 117
= 83669. Kgf

## Tension, Nozzle Groove Weld [Tngw]:

= (PI/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 273.0500 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 0.74 * 117
= 34343. Kgf

## Strength of Failure Paths:

PATH11 = ( Sonw + Snw ) = ( 22740 + 83669 ) = 106410 Kgf
45

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN250
Item:
5 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## PATH22 = ( Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw )

= ( 22740 + 0 + 34342 + 0 ) = 57083 Kgf
PATH33 = ( Sonw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 22740 + 34342 + 0 ) = 57083 Kgf

## Summary of Failure Path Calculations:

Path 1-1 = 106410 Kgf, must exceed W = 9223 Kgf or W1 = 14798 Kgf
Path 2-2 = 57083 Kgf, must exceed W = 9223 Kgf or W2 = 20332 Kgf
Path 3-3 = 57083 Kgf, must exceed W = 9223 Kgf or W3 = 20332 Kgf

46

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Input Echo, Nozzle Item

6,

Description: DN100

19.72 KPa.

TEMP

60.00 C

NO

SA-516 70

K02700

## Plate Allowable Stress at Temperature

Plate Allowable Stress At Ambient

137.900 N./mm

SA

137.900 N./mm

Sy

249.327 N./mm

0.30
12.0000 mm.

## User Entered Required Thickness (Int. P.) TUSER

Corrosion Allowance for Plate

CAS

5.3700 mm.

3.0000 mm.

YES

## Nozzle Material (Not Normalized or NA)

Material UNS Number

SA-106 B
K03006

## Nozzle Allowable Stress at Temperature

Nozzle Allowable Stress At Ambient

## Diameter Basis for Nozzle

Nominal Diameter of Nozzle

SN

117.905 N./mm

SNA

117.905 N./mm

BASISN
DIA

OD
101.600 mm.
47

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis

Nominal Thickness of Nozzle

DBN

Nominal

THKNOM

CAN

SCH 160
3.0000 mm.

ES

EN

NTYP

HO

0.85
0.85

Insert
200.000 mm.
WO

9.0000 mm.

## Method used for checking Nozzle opening

Method used for checking Large Nozzles
Is this is Manway/Access/Inspection Opening
Skip Iterative Failure Thickness Calculations

12.0000 mm.

UG-37
App. 1-10
No
Yes

## Actual Outside Diameter Used in Calculation

Actual Thickness Used in Calculation

114.300 mm.
13.487 mm.

Tr

5.3700 mm.

48

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, Trn Internal Pressure

Thickness Due to Internal Pressure:
= (P*(D/2-CAE)) / (S*E+0.4*P) per Appendix 1-1 (a)(1)
= (19.72*(114.3000/2-0.000)/(117.90*1.00+0.4*19.72)
= 0.0096 + 3.0000 = 3.0096 mm.

## UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : Internal Pressure

Effective material diameter limit,

DL

186.650 mm.

22.500 mm.

## Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:

Area Available, A1 to A5
Area Required
Area in Shell

Ar

2.058
A2

## Area in Inward Nozzle

Total Area Available

2.587

A1

Area in Welds

Design External

A3
A4

A5

2.587
3.277

4.031

0.000

Atot

NA cm
NA cm

0.000

0.693
0.000

6.782

NA cm

4.035

0.000
0.693

Mapnc

NA cm
NA cm
NA cm

8.005

NA cm

90.00 Degs.

49

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Ar = 0.5*(DLR*TR+2*THK*TR*(1-FFR1)) per UG-37(d) or UG-39

Ar = 0.5*(93.3252*5.3700+2*(13.4874-3.0000)*5.3700*(1.00-0.86))
Ar = 2.587 cm

Areas per UG-37.1 but with DL = Diameter Limit, DLR = Nozzle Opening size:
Area Available in Shell (A1):
A1 = (DL-DLR)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)-2*(THK-CAN)*(ES*(T-CAS)-TR)*(1-FFR1)
A1 = (186.650-93.325)*(0.85*(12.0000-3.000)-5.370)-2*(13.487-3.000)
*(0.85*(12.0000-3.0000)-5.3700)*(1.0-0.86)
A1 = 2.058 cm

## Area Available in Nozzle Wall, no Pad:

A2np = ( 2 * MIN(TLNP,HO) ) * ( THK - CAN - TRN ) * FFR2
A2np = ( 2 * 22.5000 ) * ( 13.4874 - 3.0000 - 0.0096 ) * 0.86 )
A2np = 4.031 cm

## Area Available in Welds, no Pad:

A4np = Wo^2*FFR2 + ( Wi-Can/0.707 )^2*FFR2
A4np = 9.0000 ^2 * 0.8550 + ( 0.0000 )^2 * 0.8550
A4np = 0.693 cm

## UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness Requirement: [Int. Press.]

Wall Thickness for Internal/External pressures
Wall Thickness per UG16(b),

ta = 3.0112 mm.

Wall Thickness

Wall Thickness

50

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## = min[ tb3, max( tb1,tb2) ]

= min[ 8.258 , max( 8.370 , 4.588 ) ]
= 8.2578 mm.

## Minimum Wall Thickness of Nozzle Necks [tUG-45]:

= max( ta, tb )
= max( 3.0112 , 8.2578 )
= 8.2578 mm.

12.70 Kgf

11.23 Kgf

6, Desc.: DN100

Tmin

9.0000 mm.

## Results Per UW-16.1:

Required Thickness
Nozzle Weld

Actual Thickness

## 6.3000 = 0.7 * Tmin 6.3639 = 0.707 * WO

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
= (AR-A1+2*(THK-Can)*Ffr1*(E1(T-Cas)-Tr))*S
= (2.5874 - 2.0585 + 2 * ( 13.4874 - 3.0000 ) * 0.8550 *
(0.85 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) - 5.3700 ) ) * 137
= 1318.77 Kgf

51

, mm.

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

= (A2+A5+A4-(WI-CAN/.707)^2*Ffr2)*S
= ( 4.0314 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 - 0.0000 * 0.86 ) * 137
= 6642.57 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 4.0314 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 1.6140 ) * 137
= 8912.13 Kgf

= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*(THK-CAN)*(T-CAS)*Fr1))*S
= ( 4.0314 + 0.0000 + 0.0000 + 0.6926 + 1.6140 ) * 137
= 8912.13 Kgf

## Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis :

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:
= (PI/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 114.3000 * 9.0000 * 0.49 * 117
= 9519. Kgf

## Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:

= (PI * (DLR+Dlo) /4.0) * (THK-Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= ( 3.1416 * 51.9063 ) * ( 13.4874 - 3.0000 ) * 0.7 * 117
= 14393. Kgf

## Tension, Nozzle Groove Weld [Tngw]:

= (PI/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= ( 3.1416 / 2.0 ) * 114.3000 * ( 12.0000 - 3.0000 ) * 0.74 * 117
= 14376. Kgf
52

## PV Elite 2013 Licensee: MSET ENGINEERING SDN BHD

FileName : Nozzle reinforcement
-------------------------Nozzle Analysis : DN100
Item:
6 11:42p Nov 18,2014

## Strength of Failure Paths:

PATH11 = ( Sonw + Snw ) = ( 9519 + 14392 ) = 23911 Kgf
PATH22 = ( Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 9519 + 0 + 14376 + 0 ) = 23895 Kgf
PATH33 = ( Sonw + Tngw + Sinw )
= ( 9519 + 14376 + 0 ) = 23895 Kgf

## Summary of Failure Path Calculations:

Path 1-1 = 23911 Kgf, must exceed W = 1318 Kgf or W1 = 6642 Kgf
Path 2-2 = 23895 Kgf, must exceed W = 1318 Kgf or W2 = 8912 Kgf
Path 3-3 = 23895 Kgf, must exceed W = 1318 Kgf or W3 = 8912 Kgf

53

A2
TableofStructuralProperties

54

55