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Japan

Imperialism: JAPANESE CULTURAL superiority over the other Asian races.


Moral purity of the Yamato race and Japans unique ancestry as descendants of the sun entitled
the Japanese to such a leadership role in Asia.
Expansionist project : Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
- Bloc of Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Western powers (Arab-league,
Pan-Arabism similarity)
Co-Prosperity Sphere: propaganda for the people both in Japan and in other Asian countries.
Asia for Asians.
Need to liberate Asian countries from Western imperialist powers.
Japan did not acquire Siam (Thailand) and Indochina (Vietnam) (French colony)
The real Co-Prosperity Sphere:
- puppet regimes for Japanese interests
- imposed a program of Japanization with no regard for local customs
- forced labor, torture and execution
- just another form of oppressive imperialism (only not European)
Hirohito (Japanese emperor in WWII)
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis: 1941 Pearl Harbor
1942: the end of Japanese advance/imperialism (think Egypt)
In 1945: Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Japan quit the war
USA occupied Japan from 1945 to 1952
Japan Today
Great middle class
Strong social and cultural traditions: discipline, education, loyalty, hard-work, hierarchy
Oldest people in the world: there are more than 200 000 people over 100 years old. (Shintoism)
20% of the worlds earthquakes take place in Japan (Strong nuclear energy program affected by
2011 tsunami)
Low migration: legacy of imperialist Japan

THE LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY (LDP) was in power for much of the countrys post-war
history. It was ousted in 2009 by the Democratic Party.
China
Communist Republic: Communist Party
President Hu Jintao (absolute control of the Party: army and government)
The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) was founded in 1949
The worlds fastest growing economy (second industrial revolution)
Since the late 70s China has moved form a closed, centrally planned system to a more marketoriented one that plays a major global role
In 2010 China became the worlds largest exporter.
Maos Rule
The State decides what and how much to produce
- The Great Leap Forward (1958)
- planned to develop agriculture and industry
- communes (kibbats- Israel)
- deterioration and food not being harvested
- tasks impossible to achieve
- quickly produced machinery
- long working journeys
- Weather and lies: starvation (9 million starved in 1959)
- Rationing in 1960: minimum food: 20 MILLION died of starvation or diseases related to
starvation
Great failure; Mao had to resign
After Mao
1976: Mao died. Deng Xiao Ping among the greatest leaders of the Party
Hong Kong (92-93)
Economic reforms:
- close approach to economic growth
- modernize some sectors
- Special Economic Zones: market driven capitalist policies are implemented.
- Field: open market
- International trade and open market
* Condoleezza Rice (assistant to Bush)