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Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

SUMMARY OF LOAD CASES


A) Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier
S.No
1
2
3
4

Description of Cases
Normal - Longitudinal Moment
Case
Normal - Transverse Moment
Case
Seismic Case -Longitudinal
Seismic Case -Transverse

Vertical Load (t)


911.91

Mll (tm)
382.91

Mtt (tm)
222.42

887.70

382.91

227.53

828.81
816.70

1155.12
727.65

113.76
1418.78

B) Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier - One Span Dislodged Condition
S.No
1
2
3
4

Description of Cases
Normal - Longitudinal Moment
Case
Normal - Transverse Moment
Case
Seismic Case -Longitudinal
Seismic Case -Transverse

Vertical Load (t)


460.71

Mll (tm)
116.57

Mtt (tm)
0.00

460.71

116.57

0.00

460.71
460.71

668.80
116.57

0.00
668.80

Vertical Load (t)


1119.56

Mll (tm)
467.16

Mtt (tm)
222.42

1095.35

367.36

227.53

1036.46
1024.36

1373.79
861.08

111.21
1660.45

C) Forces and Moments at the Base of Pile Cap


S.No
1
2
3
4

Description of Cases
Normal - Longitudinal Moment
Case
Normal - Transverse Moment
Case
Seismic Case -Longitudinal
Seismic Case -Transverse

Scott Wilson

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Design Pier of dia 2.5m


SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING
PIER (Long.mom, NORMAL)
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

250
10
911.91
442.82
9.90

cm

Ast.provided

546.888

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

203.57138
257.78579
42785.73690
194.58025
14.34881
122185566
47707.73294
48.55940
12.86845
35.69095
155697724
91.43983
-78.57138

R=

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

125
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
43
-76
115
-2000

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

0.00
4.4992109 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.10%
539.96124
68
32
546.888

-78.57138

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


PIER (Trans.mom, NORMAL)
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

250
10
887.70
445.40
9.90

cm

Ast.provided

546.888

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

199.49908
253.06500
41980.10375
200.87983
16.09105
115417127.3
46902.09979
50.17533
14.40242
35.77291
149161126.3
88.90150
-74.49908

Scott Wilson

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

-74.49908

R=

125
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
48.0
-86
173
-3000

0.00
4.4168175 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.10%
539.96124
68
32
546.888

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Scott Wilson

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


Pier (CASE, SEISMIC) - Long mom
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

250
10
828.81
1160.71
9.90

cm

Ast.provided

546.888

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

103.12051
159.77419
19084.88158
246.11592
65.09511
14131097.6
24006.87762
140.04491
51.74902
88.29588
63314702.08
29.86953
21.87949

R=

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

125
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
119
-1583
173
-3000

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

0.00
2.7885857 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.10%
539.96124
68
32
546.888

21.879491

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


Pier (CASE, SEISMIC) - trans mom
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

250
10
816.70
1594.49
9.90

cm

Ast.provided

546.888

cm2

N.A.assumed

=
90.71854
=
148.10554
= 16066.97608
=
240.37879
=
72.03989
= 9192042.058
= 20988.97212
=
195.23500
=
55.14625
=
140.08875
= 61349128.135
=
20.86479
34.28146

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

Scott Wilson

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

34.281464

R=

125
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
169
-2786
173
-3000

0.00
2.5849292 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.10%
539.96124
68
32
546.888

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Live Load Calculations


Maxium Longitudinal moment case
Case 1 :
70R Wheeled
100 t
2.595

2.905

11
5.124

100 t

1.05

2.1
27.90

Ra

Rb

Ra =
Rb =
Longitudinal Moment
Transverse Moment
Braking force
Case 1 :

1.05
27.9

Rc

100 x 23.826 / 27.9

=
=
=
=
=

70.796 x
85.398 x 2.905

Rd
85.398
15 t
0
248.081
20

t
t-m
t-m
t

Class A
55.4 t
1.3

4.2

11

5.714

55.40 t

1.05

2.1
Ra

27.9

Ra =
Rb =
Longitudinal Moment
Transverse Moment
Braking force

55.4 x 23.236 / 27.9

27.9

=
=
=
=
=

36.878 x
46.139 x 4.2

IRC class A, two lanes

Reaction Rb
Reaction Rc
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
Transverse moment on column
IRC class A, three lanes

1-lane
46.1
9.3
55.4
0.0
193.78

2-lane
92.3
18.5
110.8
0.0
226.08

t
t
t
tm
tm

46.139
9t
0
193.784
11.08

t
t-m
t-m
t

1-lane
46.14
9.26
55.40
0.00
193.78

3-lane
138.42
27.78
166.20
0.00
96.89

70W
85.398
14.602
100.000
0.000
248.081

A
46.139
9.261
55.400
0.000
193.784

Reaction Rb for three lanes


Reaction Rc for three lanes
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
Transverse moment on column

t
t
t
tm
tm

IRC class 70W+A

Reaction Rb
Reaction Rc
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
transverse moment on column

Total
131.537
23.863
155.400
0.000
209.324

t
t
t
tm
tm

Maximun Transverse moment Case/ Maxmium Reaction Case


Case 2 :

70R Wheeled

One lane of class 70-R(W)


Cg of 100 t
3.324

Cg of 49

Cg of 51

3.194 m

1.05 m
Ra

27.90 m

Rb

Rc
2.1

Rb =
Rc =
Vertical Reaction
Longitudinal Moment
Transverse Moment

One lane of class-A


Cg of

51 x 25.756 / 27.9

27.90 m

Rb =
Rc =
Vertical Reaction
Longitudinal Moment

=
=
=
=
=

45.006 x
92.087 x 2.905

Cg of
t
55.40 t

28.2

5.024

1.05 m
Ra

27.90 m
m
45.006
47.081
92.087
0
267.513

Cg of 27.20

t
t
t
t-m
t-m

5.209

Rb

Rc
2.1

27.2 x 23.741 / 27.9

-1.038 x

27.90 m
m
=
=
=
=

Rd
23.145
24.183
47.328
0

t
t
t
t-m

Transverse Moment

47.328 x 4.2

70R Wheeled
100 t
2.595

2.905

11
Class 2A
55.4 t
1.3

4.2

55.40 t
0.7

1.2

11
Class 3A
55.4 t
1.3

4.2

55.40 t
0.7
1.2

1.2

11

-2.8

70 R + Class A
100 t
2.595

2.905

55.40 t
-0.84

1.2

11
IRC class A, two lanes

Reaction Rb
Reaction Rc
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
transverse moment on column

1-lane
23.15
24.18
47.33
0.00
198.78

2-lane
46.29
48.37
94.66
0.00
231.91

t
t
t
tm
tm

1-lane
23.15
24.18
47.33
0.00
198.78

3-lane
69.44
72.55
141.98
0.00
99.39

t
t
t
tm
tm

IRC class A, three lanes

Reaction Rb for three lanes


Reaction Rc for three lanes
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
Transverse moment on column
IRC class 70W+A

198.778 t-m

Reaction Rb
Reaction Rc
Total reaction on pier
Longitudinal moment on column
transverse moment on column

70W
45.006
47.081
92.087
0.000
267.513

A
23.145
24.183
47.328
0.000
198.778

Total
68.151
71.264
139.415
0.000
227.757

A
55.40 t
20%
5%
11.1
5.54
1.20
2.15
1.33

2-A
110.8
20%
5%
11.1
5.54
1.20
2.15
1.33

3-A
166.2
20%
5%
13.9
6.93
1.20
2.15
1.66

t
t
t
tm
tm

Horizontal Braking Force


70W
100 t
20%
5%
20.0
10.00
1.20
2.15
2.40

Vertical load
Braking 2-lane %
Braking 3rd-lane %
H. Braking force
H. Force on each pier
Force ht. from deck
Ht. of Superstructure
Reaction on pier

Summary of loads transferred on Pier from Super Structure


Max.Transverse Moment
Loading

420.5
92.09
47.33
94.66
142.0
139.4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.0
267.5
198.8
231.9
99.4
227.8

t
t
m
m
t

Max. Longitudinal Moment

Vertical
Long.
Trans.
Braking Hreaction (t) moment t.m) moment (t.m)
force (t)

Dead load
70 W
A
2A
3A
70 W+A

70W+A
155.4
20%
5%
22.8
11.39
1.20
2.15
2.73

0.00
10.00
5.54
5.54
6.93
11.39

Braking Vforce (t)

0.00
2.40
1.33
1.33
1.66
2.73

Vertical
reaction (t)

420.55
85.40
55.40
110.80
166.20
155.40

Long.
moment
(t.m)

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Governing values
Loading

Dead load
Live load
Braking
Total

For Max.Transverse Moment


Vertical
reaction
(kN)
420.5
142.0
2.7
144.7

Long.
moment
(kN.m)
0.00
0.0
0.00

For Max. Longitudinal Moment

Trans.
Long. Ecc.
moment
(m)
(kN.m)
0.0
231.9
231.9

0.00

Trans.
Ecc. (m)

1.60

Vertical
reaction
(kN)
420.55
166.2
2.7
168.93

Long.
moment
(kN.m)
0.00
0.0
0.00

1.05
Rb

1.05
Rd

1.05

Max. Longitudinal Moment


Trans.
moment
(t.m)

0.00
248.08
193.78
226.08
96.89
209.32

Braking Hforce (t)

0.00
10.00
5.54
5.54
6.93
11.39

Braking Vforce (t)

0.00
2.40
1.33
1.33
1.66
2.73

For Max. Longitudinal Moment


Trans.
Long. Ecc.
moment
(m)
(kN.m)
0.00
226.1
226.08

0.00

Trans. Ecc.
(m)

1.34

IRC 70R Loading


8276
8t

12 t

610

3960

CG =

8276

5124
12 t

1520

17 t

2130

17 t

1370

17 t

3050

17 t

1370

910

Minimum Clearence
Width of Lanne

For Max Longitudinal Moment Case


Span
Load
CG
4420
51 t
1930
5790
68 t
2895
7920
80 t
3649
9440
92 t
4404
13400
100 t
5124
For Max Transition Moment Case
Total Span Total Load Span 1
load
4420
51 t
17 t
5790
68 t
34 t
7920
80 t
46 t
9440
92 t
58 t
13400
100 t
49 t

cg
1120
2210
2190
2180
3324

Span 2
load
34 t
34 t
34 t
34 t
51 t

cg
1245
2210
2964
3719
3194

IRC Class A Loading

2.7 t

2.7 t

1100

11.4 t

3200

11.4 t

1200

6.8 t

4300

6.8 t

3000

6.8 t

3000

6.8 t

3000

For Max Longitudinal Moment Case


Span
5500
8500
11500
14500

Total Load Span 1


load
35.00 t
5.40 t
41.80 t
5.40 t
48.60 t
5.40 t
55.40 t
5.40 t

For Maxmium Transverse Moment Case

cg
3750
3750
3750
3750

Span 2
load
29.60 t
36.40 t
43.20 t
50.00 t

cg
1726
2991
4331
5714

1.2
2.79

Span
9000
13300
14500
17700
18800

Total Load CG from R Span 1


load
cg
27.2
4500
13.6
38.6 t
7099
18.2
50.0
8786
29.6
52.7 t
9243
25.5
55.4 t
9709
28.2

Minimum Clearence
Width of Lane
Min Distance Between Lanes
Seismic Factors
Zone
Zone Factor
II
0.1
III
0.16
IV
0.24
V
0.36

0.15
2.3
1.2

3000
4594
7372
5059
5024

Span 2
load
cg
13.6
3000
20.4
4099
20.4
5786
27.2
4743
27.2
5209

DEAD LOADS OF SUPERSTRUCTURE


RAILING WEIGHT
RCC UNIT WEIGHT
WEARING COAT WT.
DECK SLAB THK. AT C/L
OF BRIDGE
DEPTH OF BEAM
DEPTH OF DIAPHRMS.
SLOPE OF W. COAT
CANTILEVER END
CANTILEVER INTERM.
CANTILEVER MIDDLE
TOTAL DEPTH

700

=
=
=
=

3
2.4
2.2
0.25

KN / M PER RAILINGS
T / M3
T / M3
M

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.15
1.43
2.5
200
350
300
2400

M
M
%
MM
MM
MM
MM

30000
26800

900

2650

625

900

700

325

300

300

2650

2650

2025

12
11

0.5

0.5

1.1
1.1
0.425

2.50%

200
6
0.325
0.15
0.25

6
0

0.25

C/L OF BRIDGE
C/L OF CG. WAY

0.625

FILE: 257928472.xls
SHEET: DEAD LOADS

RITES

15 OF 39

A.

RAILING WEIGHT

B.

KERB WEIGHT
= 0.425
= 15.30

=
=
=
=
X
T

3
KN / M PER RAILINGS
2 X 3 X 30000 / 1000 X 0.1
18.00 T
0.5

30

2.4

30

2.4

-0.025

2.4

30

2.4

30

0.5

30

LEVER ARM WRT C/L OF BRIDGE


=
5.75
M
ANTICLOCKWISE MOMENT
=
-43.99
T-M
KERB ON RIGHT SIDE
= 0.425
X
= 15.30
T

0.5

LEVER ARM WRT C/L OF BRIDGE


=
5.75
M
CLOCKWISE MOMENT
=
43.99

FOOTPATH LOADS
=
0
X
=
0
SERVICE PIPE LOADS
=
0
X
=
0

T-M

NET FOOTPATH LOADS


=
0 T
LEVER ARM WRT C/L OF BRIDGE
=
5.50
M
CLOCKWISE MOMENT
=
0.0 T - M
D

PCC FILLING LOADS


TRINGULAR PORTION
=
0
X
=
0 T

5.5

2.4

LEVER ARM WRT C/L OF BRIDGE


=
3.67
M

FILE: 257928472.xls
SHEET: DEAD LOADS

RITES

16 OF 39

ANTICLOCKWISE MOMENT
=
0.00
T-M
RECTANGULAR PORTION
=
0
X
=
0 T

0.5

30

2.4

LEVER ARM WRT C/L OF BRIDGE


=
5.75
M
ANTICLOCKWISE MOMENT
=
0.00
T-M
E

WEARING COAT
=
11 X
=
47.19 T

0.065 X

2.2 X

30

TOTAL IMPOSED LOAD ON DECK SLAB


=
18 + 15.3 + 15.3 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 47.19
=
95.8 T
TOTAL MOMENT WRT C/L OF CG WAY
=
0.0
F

DIAPHRAGMS WEIGHT
END DIAPHRAGMS
=
2.4 X
=
12.51 T

3 X

1.43 X

0.3 X

2.025 X

MID DIAPHRAGMS
=
2.4 X
=
7.181 T

3 X

1.43 X

0.3 X

2.325

TOTAL DIAPHRAGMS WEIGHT

=
=

12.51 +
19.69 T

7.181

GIRDERS SELF WEIGHT


END PORTION
=
0.625 X
=
4.515 T
TAPERING PORTION
0.6
+
0.325
=
X
2
=

2.15 X

0.7 X

2.15 X

2.4 X

2 X

0.9 X

2.4

4.412 T

FILE: 257928472.xls
SHEET: DEAD LOADS

RITES

17 OF 39

MID PORTION
=
0.325 X
2.15 X
=
44.94 T
EXTRA CONCRETE AT BOTTOM =
TOTAL LOAD OF ONE GIRDER
=
64.97 T
TOTAL LOAD OF FOUR GIRDERS
=
259.9 T

2.4 X

26.8

11.1 (BULB)

DECK SLAB LOADS


MIDDLE DECK SLAB
2.5 %
224.7
209.1
142.8

150.6 158.4

183.8

625

250

216.9
237.3

2025
2650

1325
3975

AREA OF MIDDLE DECK SLAB

WEIGHT
=
=

1.684 X
121.3 T

=
=
=

2.4 X

( 0.143 + 0.25 ) X 0.5 X ( 3.975 + 0.625 / 2 )


0.842 X
2
1.684 M2

30

CANTILEVER SLAB
2025
A1

200

2025
A2

200

350

1713

1863
625

A1
Amid
A2
=

=
=
=

300

0.471 M2
0.468 M2
0.466 M2

325

0
0.7
1.6

TO
TO
TO

0.7
1.6
15

=
=
=

0.7 M
0.9 M
13.4 M

67 T

TOTAL SLAB LOAD

TOTAL DEAD LOADS


=
18.00 +
19.69 +
=
563.71

=
=

67.11 +
188.4

15.30 +
259.9 +
T

121.3

0 +
188.4 +

0 +
15.30

47.19 +

DEAD LOAD REACTION


RG
=
281.9 T

FILE: 257928472.xls
SHEET: DEAD LOADS

RITES

18 OF 39

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

DESIGN OF PIER AND ITS PILE FOUNDATION - P1 & P2


Deck Level

53.250

11.00
1.00 0.50

50.650

6.430

4.250
(typ)

2.500
3.100

Circular

42.920 Avg GL
3.100

Top of

1.80

42.720 Pile Cap Lvl


40.920

1000 dia
3.6

3.6

15.920
Rectangular Column

3.40

3
2
3

3.40

Plan - Pier Cap


A
DESIGN DATA:
1. Density Of concrete
2. Density Of Soil
3. Length of Pile
4. Over all Depth of Super Structure
5. Cross Slope
6*0.025
6. Wearing Coat

Scott Wilson

2.400
1.800
25
1.5
0.15
0.09

t/m3
t/m3
m
m
m
m

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

DESIGN OF PIER AND ITS PILE FOUNDATION

53.250
0.800

1.00 0.50

50.65

6.430

C/L of exp gap and C/L of Column

2.500
Circular

42.920 Avg GL
Top of
42.720 Pile Cap Lvl

1.25
1.80

1.25

40.920

0
1000 dia
3.6
Cg of Pile Cap
15.920

Scott Wilson

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

LOAD CALCULATIONS AT PIER BASE


Dead Load+ SIDl LHS
Dead Load+ SIDl RHS

285
285

t
t

Normal Case
S.No

Vertical Load

Value (t)
Distance w.r.t c.g
of Shaft (m) in
Long

1
2

Dead Load + SIDL


Live Load (Max Long
Moment)
3
Live Load (Max Trans
Moment)
5
Pier cap
6
Pier Shaft
Max Long Moment case
Max Trans Moment case

570.00
166.20

0.000
0.000

141.98
99.96
75.75
911.91
887.70

0.000

Moment About Pier


Moment about
Distance w.r.t
c.g of Shaft in c.g of Shaft (m)
Long (t-m)
in Trans

Moment about
c.g of Shaft in
Trans (t-m)

0.00
0.00

0.000
1.338

0.000
222.42

0.000

1.602

227.53

0.000
0.00
0.00

0.000

0.000
222.42
227.53

Horizontal Force (As per Clause 214.5.1 of IRC:6-2000)


Coefficent of friction
Applied Horizontal force
Dead Load + SIDL - on Full span
Dead Load + SIDL - RHS Span
Dead Load + SIDL - LHS Span
Live Load Reaction at free end - Max Long Moment Case

0.05
20
570.00
285.00
285.00
166.200

t
t
t
t
t

cg from Pier shaft base (Long)


Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

-16.810
46.810
46.810
8.18
382.906

t
t
t
m
t-m

Free Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case


50.65-42.72+0.25
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
(0.05*(570+166.2))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

8.2 m
36.810 t
301.106 t-m

Force at Bearings : Normal Case


1. Fixed Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Greater of - I
or -II

(20-0.05*(570+166.2))
(20/2+0.05*(570+166.2))

36.810*8.18

Seismic Case Calculations


Seismic coefficient :
Ah = horizontal seismic coefficient
Z = Zone Factor
I = Importance Factor
Sa / g = Average response acceleration coefficient
R = Response reduction factor
Horizontal seismic coefficient
Vertical seismic coefficient

Scott Wilson

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

( Z / 2 ) . ( Sa / g ) / ( R / I )
0.24 (Bridge is Zone IV)
1.5
2.5
2.5
0.18
0.090 For Case IV

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Force at Bearings : Seismic Case 1. Fixed Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Greater of - I
or -II
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)
2. Free Bearing 50.65-42.72+0.25
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
(0.05*(570+166.2/2))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

88.955*8.18

79.945
88.955
88.955
8.18
727.652

t
t
t
m
t-m

32.655*8.18

8.18 m
32.655 t
267.118 t-m

Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier


Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier
Normal Case
I: Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

911.91 t
222.422 t-m
382.906 t-m

911.912
222.422
301.106

II: Max Transverse Moment Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

887.70 t
227.526 t-m
382.906 t-m

887.696
227.526
301.106

Seismic Case: (Longitudinal)


Seismic Coefficient
S.No

Horizontal Load

0.18
Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Top (tcap top (m)
m)

On Dead Load + SIDL

102.60

9.48

972.65

2
3

On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Total

17.99
13.64
134.23

7.71
3.22

138.635
43.84
1155.12

Seismic Case: (Transverse)


S.No

Horizontal Load

Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Top (tcap top (m)
m)

On Dead Load + SIDL

102.60

9.48

972.65

2
3
4
5

On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Centrifugal force
Live Load
Total

17.99
13.64
0.00
12.78
147.01

7.71
3.22
11.73
11.73

138.63
43.84
0.00
149.89
1305.01

Longitudinal Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

(911.912-0.5*166.2)
0.5*227.526
0.000+1,155.120

828.81 t
113.763 t-m
1155.120 t-m

Transverse Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

(887.696-0.5*141.984)
0.5 x 227.525978421843 +1305.013
0 +727.652

816.70 t
1418.776 t-m
727.652 t-m

Scott Wilson

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

ONE SPAN DISLODGED CONDITION


Normal Case
S.No

Vertical Load

Value (t)
Distance w.r.t c.g
of Shaft (m) in
Long

1
2
3
5

Dead Load + SIDL


Live Load (Max Long
Moment)
Live Load (Max
Trans Moment)
Pier cap

6
Pier Shaft
Max Long Moment case
Max Trans Moment case

285.00
0.00

0.000
0.400

0.00

Moment About Pier


Moment about
Distance w.r.t
c.g of Shaft in c.g of Shaft (m)
Long (t-m)
in Trans

Moment about
c.g of Shaft in
Trans (t-m)

0.000
0.00

0.000
1.338

0.000
0.00

0.000

1.602

0.00

99.96

0.000

0.000

0.00

0.000

75.75
460.71
460.71

0.000

0.000
0.00
0.00

0.000

0.000
0.00
0.00

Horizontal Force (As per Clause 214.5.1 of IRC:6-2000)


Coefficent of friction
Applied Horizontal force
Dead Load + SIDL -Reaction
Live Load Reaction at free end - Max Long Moment Case
Dead Load + SIDL -Full Span

0.05
0
285.00
0.000
570.00

t
t
t
t

Force at Bearings : Normal Case


1. Fixed Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Greater of - I
or -II

14.250*8.18

-14.250
14.250
14.250
8.18
116.565

14.250*8.18

14.250 t
116.565 t-m

(0-0.05*(285+0))
(0/2+0.05*(285+0))

cg from Pier shaft base (Long)


Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

50.65-42.72+0.25

t
t
t
m
t-m

2. Free Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case


(0.05*(285+0))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

Seismic Case Calculations


Seismic coefficient :
Ah = horizontal seismic coefficient
Z = Zone Factor
I = Importance Factor
Sa / g = Average response acceleration coefficient
R = Response reduction factor
Horizontal seismic coefficient
Vertical seismic coefficient

Scott Wilson

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

( Z / 2 ) . ( Sa / g ) / ( R / I )
0.24 (Bridge is Zone IV)
1.5
2.5
2.5
0.18
0.090 For Case IV

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Force at Bearings : Seismic Case - Longitudinal


Free Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
50.65-42.72+0.25
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
(0.05*(285+0/2))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

14.250*8.18

8.18 m
14.250 t
116.565 t-m

Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier - One Span Dislodged Condition
Normal Case
I: Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

460.712
0.000
0.000+116.565

460.71 t
0.000 t-m
116.565 t-m

II: Max Transverse Moment Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

460.71
0.000
0+116.565

460.71 t
0.000 t-m
116.565 t-m

Seismic Case Calculations


Seismic Case: (Longitudinal)
Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
S.No

1
2
3

Horizontal Load

On Dead Load +
SIDL
On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Total

0.18
Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Top (tcap top (m)
m)

51.300

9.48

486.32

17.99
13.64
82.93

7.71
3.22

138.635
43.84
668.80

Seismic Case: (Transverse)


S.No

1
2
3
4

Horizontal Load

On Dead Load +
SIDL
On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Live Load
Total

Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Top (tcap top (m)
m)

51.300

9.48

486.32

17.99
13.64
0.00
82.93

7.71
3.22
11.73

138.63
43.84
0.00
668.80

Longitudinal Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

460.712-0.5*0
0.000
0.000+668.796

460.71 t
0.000 t-m
668.796 t-m

Transverse Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment
Scott Wilson

460.712-0.5*0
0.000+668.796
0.000+116.565

460.71 t
668.796 t-m
116.565 t-m

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

LOAD CALCULATIONS - AT PILE CAP BASE


Load Calculations of Pile Cap and soil wt above pile cap
Depth of pile cap
Self Weight of Pile Cap
Soil weight above pile cap

1.5 m
191.68 t
15.973 t

Normal Case
S.No

Vertical Load

Value (t)
Distance w.r.t c.g
of Pile cap (m) in
Long

1
2
3
5

Dead Load + SIDL


Live Load (Max Long
Moment)
Live Load (Max
Trans Moment)
Pier cap

6
Pier Shaft
Max Long Moment case
Max Trans Moment case

Moment About Cg of Pile Cap


Moment about
Distance w.r.t
c.g of Pile Cap c.g of Pile Cap
in Long (t-m)
(m) in Trans

Moment about
c.g of Pile Cap
in Trans (t-m)

570.00
166.20

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
1.338

0.000
222.422

141.98

0.000

0.000

1.602

227.526

99.96

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

75.75
911.91
887.70

0.000

0.000
0.00
0.00

0.000

0.000
222.42
227.53

Horizontal Force (As per Clause 214.5.1 of IRC:6-2000)


Coefficent of friction
Applied Horizontal force
Dead Load + SIDL Reaction at Pier - Full span
Live Load Reaction at free end
Dead Load + SIDL -Full Span

0.05
20
570.00
166.200
570.00

t
t
t
t

cg from Pier shaft base (Long)


Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

-16.810
46.810
46.810
9.98
467.164

t
t
t
m
t-m

2. Free Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case


50.65-40.92+0.25
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
(0.05*(570+166.2))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

9.98 m
36.810 t
367.364 t-m

Force at Bearings : Normal Case


1. Fixed Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Greater of - I
or -II

(20-0.05*(570+166.2))
(20/2+0.05*(570+166.2))

Force at Bearings : Seismic Case


1. Fixed Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Greater of - I
or -II
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

Scott Wilson

36.810*9.98

79.945
88.955
88.955
9.680
861.084

t
t
t
m
t-m

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

2. Free Bearing - Max Longitudinal Moment Case


Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
50.65-40.92+0.25
cg from Pier shaft base (Long)
(0.05*(570+166.2/2))
Horizontal force
Moment about Pier Shaft base (Long)

32.655*9.98

0.18
9.98 m
32.655 t
325.897 t-m

Forces and Moments at the Base of Pier


Forces and Moments at the Base of Pile Cap
Normal Case
I: Max Longitudinal Moment Case
Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

1119.56 t
222.422 t-m
467.164 t-m

911.912+191.68+15.97
222.422
467.164

II: Max Transverse Moment Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

1095.35 t
227.526 t-m
367.364 t-m

887.696+191.68+15.97
227.526
0.000+467.164

Longitudinal Seismic Case


Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
S.No

1
2
3

Horizontal Load

On Dead Load +
SIDL
On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Total

Scott Wilson

0.18
Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Base (tcap Base (m)
m)

102.600

11.28

1157.33

17.99
13.64
134.23

8.230
5.02

148.081
68.38
1373.79

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Transverse Seismic Case


S.No

1
2
3
4
5

Horizontal Load

On Dead Load +
SIDL
On Pier Cap
On Pier Shaft
Centrifugal force
Live Load
Total

Value (t)

Acting at a
Moment about
distance from pile Pile Cap Top (tcap top (m)
m)

102.600

11.28

1157.33

17.99
13.64
0.00
12.78
147.01

8.230
5.02
13.53
13.53

148.08
68.38
172.89
1546.68

Longitudinal Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

911.912-0.5*166.2+191.68+15.97
0.5*222.422
0.000+1,373.790

1036.46 t
111.211 t-m
1373.790 t-m

Transverse Seismic Case


Vertical Load
Transverse Moment
Longitudinal Moment

Scott Wilson

887.696-0.5*141.984+191.68+15.97
0.5*227.526+1,546.684+0.000+0.000
0.000+325.897

1024.36 t
1660.447 t-m
861.084 t-m

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

DESIGN OF PILE & PILE CAP


A
p
Y
0.75
3.60
w

t
0.75

0.75
3.6

v
L

3.6
4.35
u

B 0.75
p

CL of brg/Column
T
Y CL of Pile Cap

2.550
0.000
Total Width of Pile Cap in Longitudinal Dircetion
0.75+3.6+0.75
Total Width of Pile Cap in Transverse direction
0.75+3.6+3.6+0.75

5.10 m
8.70 m

Cg in Longitudinal Direction

No.of
Piles
3
3
6

Pile No.s

Pile-Dia
(m)

PileSection

Area of
pile

4,5,6
1,2,3

1.2
1.2

p-p
t-t

1.1310
1.1310

Cg of Pile Group
Distance between C/L of brg to cg of pile group

Total
area in
section
(A)
3.393
3.393
6.786

distance
from
section A-A
(x)
0.750
4.350

distance Distance
Area of
dia of pile
from
w.r.t c.g of
Pile No
pile (m2) m
section A- Pile group
A
A (m)
(m) - d

Scott Wilson

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.1310
1.1310
1.1310
1.1310
1.1310
1.1310
6.786

4.350
4.350
4.350
0.750
0.750
0.750

2.545
14.759
17.304

2.5500 m from left end Section A-A


0.000 m

Along Longitudinal Direction

1
2
3
4
5
6

A*x

1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800

d2

3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240

Total M.I =
x2
3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240
3.240
19.440

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Cg in Transverse Direction

No.of
Piles
2
2
2
6

Pile No.s

Pile-Dia
(m)

PileSection

Area of
pile

3,6
2,5
1,4

1.2
1.2
1.2

u-u
v-v
w-w

1.1310
1.1310
1.1310

Cg of Pile Group
Distance between C/L of brg to cg of pile gr

Total
area in
section
(A)
2.262
2.262
2.262
6.786

distance
from
section B-B
(y)
0.750
4.350
7.950

distance Distance
Area of
dia of pile
from
w.r.t c.g of
Pile No
pile (m2) m
section B- Pile group
A
B (m)
(m) - d

Scott Wilson

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.131
1.131
1.131
1.131
1.131
1.131
6.786

7.950
4.350
0.750
7.950
4.350
0.750

1.696
9.839
17.982
29.518

4.3500 m from left end Section A-A


0.000 m

Along Transverse Direction

1
2
3
4
5
6

A*y

3.600
0.000
3.600
3.600
0.000
3.600

d2

12.960
0.000
12.960
12.960
0.000
12.960

Total M.I =
y2
12.960
0.000
12.960
12.960
0.000
12.960
51.840

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Pile Reactions
Pile Capacity for 1000mm dia pile

350 t

No. of Piles

x2

19.44

y2

51.84

Dia of
Pile
(mm)

Pile
No

1200

2
3

1200
1200

4
5
6

1200
1200
1200

S.No

Distances w.r.t
along directions

Normal - Longitudinal Moment Case

x (m)

y (m)

P/N

Mll * x/x^2

Mtt * y/y^2

Total (t)

Check

1.800

3.600

186.59

43.26

15.45

245.30

O.K

2
3

1.800
1.800

0.000
3.600

186.59
186.59

43.26
-43.26

0.00
15.45

229.85
158.78

O.K
O.K

4
5
6

1.800
1.800
1.800

3.600
0.000
3.600

186.59
186.59
186.59

43.26
43.26
-43.26

-15.45
0.00
-15.45

214.40
229.85
127.89

O.K
O.K
O.K

Max
Min

S.No

Dia of
Pile
(mm)

Pile
No

1
2
3
4
5
6

1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200

1
2
3
4
5
6

Distances w.r.t
along directions

245.30
127.89

Normal - Transverse Moment case

x (m)

y (m)

P/N

Mll * x/x^2

Mtt * y/y^2

Total (t)

Check

1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800
1.800

3.600
0.000
3.600
3.600
0.000
3.600

182.56
182.56
182.56
182.56
182.56
182.56

34.02
34.02
-34.02
34.02
34.02
-34.02

15.80
0.00
15.80
-15.80
0.00
-15.80

232.37
216.57
164.34
200.77
216.57
132.74

O.K
O.K
O.K
O.K
O.K
O.K

Max
Min
Distances w.r.t
along directions

232.37
132.74

S.No

Dia of
Pile
(mm)

Pile
No

x (m)

y (m)

P/N

Mll * x/x^2

Mtt * y/y^2

Total (t)

Check

1200

1.800

3.600

172.74

127.20

7.72

307.67

O.K

2
3
4

1200
1200
1200

2
3
4

1.800
1.800
1.800

0.000
3.600
3.600

172.74
172.74
172.74

127.20
-127.20
127.20

0.00
7.72
-7.72

299.95
53.26
292.22

O.K
O.K
O.K

5
6

1200
1200

5
6

1.800
1.800

0.000
3.600

172.74
172.74

127.20
-127.20

0.00
-7.72

299.95
37.82

O.K
O.K

Seismic Case - Longitudinal

Max
Min
Distances w.r.t
along directions
x (m)
y (m)

307.67
37.82

S.No

Dia of
Pile
(mm)

Pile
No

P/N

Mll * x/x^2

Mtt * y/y^2

Total (t)

Check

1
2

1200
1200

1
2

1.800
1.800

3.600
0.000

170.73
170.73

79.73
79.73

115.31
0.00

365.76
250.46

O.K
O.K

3
4
5

1200
1200
1200

3
4
5

1.800
1.800
1.800

3.600
3.600
0.000

170.73
170.73
170.73

-79.73
79.73
79.73

115.31
-115.31
0.00

206.30
135.15
250.46

O.K
O.K
O.K

1200

1.800

3.600

170.73

-79.73

115.31

206.30

O.K

Seismic Case - Transverse

Max
Min
Scott Wilson

365.76
135.15

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

CALCULATION OF NO. OF PILES


Total Vertical load at cg of pile cap
Total Horizontal force
Seismic Horizontal force
Vertical Capacity of 1200mm dia 25.0m long pile
Horizontal Capacity

1119.56
46.81
147.01
350
#NAME?

No. of Plies required (Vertical)


No. of Plies required (Horizontal)

3.20 no.s
#NAME? no.s

Provided No of piles

t
t
t
t
t

6 no.s

STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF PILE


Maximum Lateral Force in Longitudinal Direction on Pile Foundation under
normal condition
Corresponding Max. Vertical Load on one Pile for Load - Normal Case
and Corresponding Minimum Vertical Load on one Pile for Load - Normal Case
Maximum Lateral Force in Longitudinal Direction on Pile Foundation under
Seismic Condition

46.81 t

=
=
=

245.30 t
127.89 t
147.01 t

Corresponding Maximum Vertical Load on one Pile - Seismic case


Corresponding Minimum Vertical Load on one Pile - Seismic case

307.67 t

37.82 t

Total No. of Piles


Length of Pile
Dia of Pile

6
25 m
1.2 m

LOAD CALCULATIONS FOR STRUCTURAL DESIGN


a)

Normal Case

Max. Lateral Force on one Pile under Normal


Condition
Max. Lateral load Capacity of Pile under Normal
Condition
Now, Maximum Moment in Pile is given by
Therefore, Maximum Moment in Pile under
Normal condition
Corresponding Max / Min Vertical Load
(Excluding Self Weight of pile)
b)
Seismic Case

=
=

46.8 /6

#NAME? t
#NAME?

=
=

3.76*Q
3.76*8

tm

=
=

(Max.)
(Min.)

=
147.01 / 6
Max. Lateral Force on one Pile under Seismic
Condition
=
#NAME? t
Max. Lateral load Capacity of Pile under Seismic
Condition
=
3.76*Q
Maximum Moment in Pile under Seismic
condition
=
Corresponding Max / Min Vertical Load
=
(Excluding Self Weight of pile)
Self weight of pile
The design loads and moments are summarised below :
Sr.
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Scott Wilson

Description
Normal Case (Max. Vertical load)
Normal Case (Min. Vertical Load)
Seismic Case (Max. Vertical Load)
Seismic Case (Min. Vertical Load)

8.00 t

30.08 tm

@
@

246.0 t
127.0 t

24.60 t

=
(Max.)
(Min.)

Vertical Load
Moment (tm)
(t)
246.0
30.08
127.0
30.08
308.0
92.50
37.0
92.50

@
@

#NAME?
92.496 tm
308.0 t
37.0 t
67.9 t

Eccentricity M/V
(m)
0.122
0.237
0.300
2.500

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Calculation of Reinforcement
The reinforcement in pile assumed 1% of cross-sectional area.
Area of Reinforcement
= 1/100 * 1.131 * 10000
Bar dia to be provided
=
20 mm
No. of 20 dia. Bars reqd.
= 113.1 / 3.14
No. of 20 dia. Bars prov.
Provide 20 dia , 36 nos. around periphery
As provided
= 36 * 3.14
Provide 8 dia. @ 150mm as helical reinforcement

1.00% of c/s area


113.097 cm2

=
=

36 No.
36 No.

113.100 cm2

Pile Reinforcement below Depth of Fixity


The Pile reinforcement 36b-16 dia have been provided below the depth of fixity. The details of depth of fixity
have been derived . To economize on the area of reinforcement, bars have been curtailed after providing the
anchorage length as per clause 304.6.2 of IRC: 21-2000 and minimum reinforcement as per clause 709.4.4 of
IRC: 78-2000 below the depth of fixity.

Scott Wilson

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


PILE (MIN LOAD, NORMAL)
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

120
10
127.00
30.08
9.30

cm

Ast.provided

113.097

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

94.96576
251.18907
9595.19518
97.57876
8.06921
5982977.94177
10613.07120
23.68504
7.29531
16.38973
7351117.64321
42.26106
-34.96576

R=

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

60
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
27
-45
115
-2000

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

0.00
4.3840762 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.00%
113.09734
36
20
113.097

-34.96576

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


PILE (CASE, SEISMIC) - MAX LOAD
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

120
10
308.00
92.50
9.30

cm

Ast.provided

113.097

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

80.48756
219.84314
8059.81412
112.81919
14.84714
3642321.31396
9077.69014
30.03117
13.18234
16.84883
5149759.99027
33.66990
-20.48756

Scott Wilson

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

-20.48756

R=

60
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
88.5
-304
173
-3000

0.00
3.8369866 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.00%
113.09734
36
20
113.097

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

SOLID CIRCULAR SECTION SUBJECTED TO AXIAL THRUST AND BENDING


PILE (CASE, SEISMIC) - MIN LOAD
Dia. of section
Modular ratio
Vertical Load
Bending Moment
Effective Cover

=
=
=
=
=

120
10
37
92.50
9.30

cm

Ast.provided

113.097

cm2

N.A.assumed

Ar
C
c.g.
Ixx
Aeff.
e
e'
e - e'
Ieff
Dist. Of N.a

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

34.47898
129.60215
2684.69105
108.58021
39.73529
221237.15832
3702.56707
249.98919
28.81163
221.17756
2694760.92549
3.29061
25.52102

Scott Wilson

t
tm
cm

cm
deg or
cm2
cm
cm
cm4
cm2

25.52102

R=

60
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =
Stress in Con. =
Stress in R/f. =

cm
105
-2315
173
-3000

0.00
2.2619843 rad
Percentage of Steel
No of Bars
Dia of Bar

1.00%
113.09734
36
20
113.097

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

Design of pile cap

Y
3.60
r

0.75
w

t
0.75
1

0.75
3.60

2
X

3.60
u

B
p

r
Y C.g of Pile Cap
Column Size2.22 m x 2.22 m

Depth of Pile Cap


Grade of Concrete
Permissible Flexural Compressive stress
Permissible stess in steel
Modular ratio
Neutral Axis Factor((10*11.67)/(10*11.67+200))
Lever Arm Factor(1-(0.368/3))
Coefficient of Resisting Moment(1/2*11.67*0.877*0.368)
Cover
Equivalent area of square
Side of square
Column width along section 1-1
Column width along section 2-2

0.75

=
=
=
=
=

1.8
M
11.67
200
10
0.368
0.877
1.883
75
4.909
2.220
2.220
2.220

m
35
N/mm2
N/mm2

mm
m2
m
m
m

Design at section 1-1


Normal Case
Pile -1
Pile -2
Pile -3
Pile -4
Pile -5
Pile -6
Dist from face of abut coulmn and cen of piles 1,2&3 =
= (3.6-0.5*2.22)
Effective Depth
1800-12-75-32/2-20/2

245.30
229.85
158.78
214.40
229.85
127.89

t
t
t
t
t
t

2.490 m
1687.00 mm

Along Longitudinal direction


For Pile - 1
Effective Width
1.2a+b1 = 1.2*2.490+1
(Refer cl. 305.16.2 IRC 21-2000)
a=
distance of the cg of load from face of support
b1=
3.988/2<3.6 Hence no overlapping
Actual beff is
0.5*3.988+0.75
Load per metre run 245.296/2.744
Moment due to soil above pile cap
(2.490+0.75)*(-)**1*(2.490+0.75)/2
Moment due to Self Weight of Pile Cap
Scott Wilson

3.988 m
2.490 m
1.00 m
2.744 m
89.39 t/m
1.890 t-m/m
18.896 t-m/m

4.35

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

(2.490+0.75)*(-)**1*(2.490+0.75)/2
Moment per metre run due to pile -1
89.394*2.490
Net Moment per metre run
222.590-1.890-18.896
Depth required
SQRT(201.805*10^7/(1.883*1000)
Ast required
Assumed dia of bar is
Spacing required is
Assumed Spacing
Ast Provided is
Percentage of reinforcement provided
No.of Bars in Transverse
((0.75+3.6+3.6+0.75)*1000-2*75)/125+1
Check for Shear
(As per Cl 307.2.5.4 of IRC 21:2000)
For Piles-1,2&3
Distance of CG of Pile From Pier Face
Diatance of Outer Face of Pile Form Face
Distance of Section for Shear Check From Pier Face
Portion of Pile Out Side the Section
Shear force acting due to piles
Total Width of Pile Cap
Total Load
Shear Stress
The Allowable Shear Stress is as per Table 12B of IRC:21-2000
Allowable shear is
Provide Shear Reinforcement

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

222.59 t-m/m
201.805
1035.19
6820.03
32
164
125
8947.26
0.53
70

2.490
3.090
1.69
1.000
245.30
8.70
777.72
0.53

t-m/m
mm
mm2

20 mm
mm
mm
mm2
%
no.s

0.317 N/mm2
312.044 t

No.of legs
Dia of bar
Spacing required
12*(PI()*12^2/4)*200*1687/(312.044*10^4)
Spacing Provided
12 L -12mm dia @100mm c/c along longitudinal direction

12
12
146.745
100

No.s
mm
mm
mm

Minimum Shear reinforcement criteria as per Cl 304.7.1.5 of IRC: 21-2000


No.of legs
12
Dia of bar
12
Spacing required
140.806
12*(PI()*12^2/4)*0.87*415/(0.4*(0.75+3.6+3.6+0.75)*1000)
Spacing Provided
100
12 L -12mm dia @100mm c/c along longitudinal direction

No.s
mm
mm
mm

Check For Punching Shear ( As Per Cl 307.2.5.5 of IRC 21:2000)


Max reaction on pile -1
Availaible Arc length at pile -1

O.K

m
m
m
m
t
m
t
N/mm2

Shear reinforcement shall be provided to carry a shear Vs = V-Tcbd

Area of Shear Reinforcement provided


12*(PI()*12^2/4)/(100/1000)

O.K

O.K

13571.68 mm2/m

245.30 t
4395.76 mm

(PI()*(1000+0.5*1687)/2)+1500

Effective depth
Shear
245.296*10^4/(4,395.763*1687)
Allowable punching shear is 0.16*sqrt(Fck)

Scott Wilson

1687.00 mm
0.331 N/mm2
0.947 N/mm2

O.K

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design at section 2-2


For Pile - 1 & 4
Effective Width
1.2a+b1 = 1.2*2.490+1
(Refer cl. 305.16.2 IRC 21-2000)
a=
distance of the cg of load from face of support
b1=
3.988/2<3.6 No Over laping
Actual beff is
3.988/2+0.75
Total load for piles 1, 4
245.30
Load per metre run
245.296/2.744
Moment due to soil above pile cap
Moment due to Self Weight of Pile Cap
Moment per metre run
89.394*2.490
Net Moment per metre run
222.590-1.890-18.896
Depth required
SQRT(201.805*10^7/(1.883*1000)
Effective Depth
1800-12-75-32-32/2
Ast required
Assumed dia of bar is
Spacing required is
Assumed Spacing
Ast Provided is
Percentage of reinforcement provided
Check for Shear
(As per Cl 307.2.5.4 of IRC 21:2000)
For Piles-1,4
Critical Section distance for Shear Check From section 2-2
2.490-1*1.645
half the pile dia

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

3.988 m
2.490 m
1.00 m
2.74 m
245.30 t
89.39 t/m
1.89 t-m/m
18.90
222.59
201.80
1035.19
1645.00
6994.16
32
160
125
8947.26
0.54

t-m/m
t-m/m
t-m/m
mm
mm
mm2
+ 20
mm
mm
mm2
%

O.K

mm

O.K

0.845 m
0.60 m

Shear at critical Section (i.e at Deff)


Relief in shear due to self weight of pile cap
0.845*2.744*1.8*
Relief in shear due to soil weight above of pile cap
0.845*2.744*(-)*
Total shear
245.296-0.626-0.835
Shear Stress Tv
243.835*10^4/((0.75++0.75)*1000*1645)
The Allowable Shear Stress is as per Table 12B of IRC:21-2000
Allowable shear is

0.63 t
0.83 t
243.84 t
0.540 N/mm2

0.321 N/mm2

Hence Shear reinforcement is required


Shear reinforcement shall be provided to carry a shear Vs = V-Tcbd

99.148 t

243.835-(0.321*2.744*1000*1645)/10000
TotalShear

No.of legs
Dia of bar
Spacing required
8*(PI()*12^2/4)*200*1645/(99.148*10^4)
Spacing Provided
8 L -12mm dia @100mm c/c along longitudinal direction
No.of Bars in Longitudinal
((0.75+3.6+0.75)*1000-2*75)/(0.5*125)+1

184.28
8
12
161.54
100

81 no.s

Minimum Shear reinforcement criteria as per Cl 304.7.1.5 of IRC: 21-2000


No.of legs
8
Dia of bar
12
Spacing required
297.622
Spacing Provided
100
8 L -12mm dia @100mm c/c along longitudinal direction
Area of Shear Reinforcement provided
8*(PI()*12^2/4)/(100/1000)
Scott Wilson

No.s
mm
mm
mm

No.s
mm
mm
mm

9047.79 mm2/m

O.K

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

FLYOVER -287+298.350
CALCULATIONS FOR LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF PILE
INTRODUCTION : -

DESIGN DATA : Type of pile


Diameter of Pile
Length of Pile (from pile cap bottom)
Founding Level
Pile Cap Bottom Level
Pile Cap Thickness
Ap =
X-sectional Area of Pile
Factor of Safety

=
Bored cast-in-situ
=
dia
=
=
len
=
fdlvl
=
=
=
plcatl
=
=
plcath
=
p * dia*dia/4
=

1.20
25.0
-25.0
0.00
1.50
1.131
2.5

m
m
m
m
m
m2

FOS

=
=

29.0 deg
20.096

16.852

Soil Properties
Angle of Internal Friction at tip
N =
Bearing Capacity Factor (for phi = 29.0 deg)
[As per IS:6403-1981]
Nq =

Bearing Capacity Factor (for phi = 29.0 deg)

Cohesion at Pile Tip


Density of Soil

=
=

Cp

=
=
=

0.0 t/m2
19.00 kn/m3
1.938 t/m3

Bearing Capacity Factor

=
=

Nc
sub

=
=

28.26

Effective Unit Weight of Soil at pile tip

0.938 t/m3

BEARING CAPACITY CALCULATIONS


VERTICAL LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY CALCULATIONS
(By Static Formula, Appendix B, IS:2911(PartI/Sec2)}
a)
End Bearing
The ultimate bearing capacity in end bearing (Q P) for piles in C - soil is given by
QP =

Ap * [ ( NC*CP ) + ( 1/2 * D * g * Ng + PD * Nq ) ]

As per IS:2911-(1/2), for calculating effective overburden pressure, depth corresponding to 15 times diameter of pile shall be considered.
Layer >>
Upto
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
PD at
-25.0
-7.0 2.19481
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.63
0.46
0.00
0.00
0.00
Depth of layer from bottom

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

1.131 * [ ( 28.256*0.00 ) + ( 0.5*1.20*0.938*20.1 + 16.267*16.9 ) ]

2.50
=

2.50
0.0 + 322.8

2.50

2.50
=

2.50
322.8 t

Total
= 16.27 t/m2

0.00
25.00

b)
Side Friction
The ultimate bearing capacity in side friction (Q S) for piles in C - soil is given by
QS =
ni=1 [ a * Ci * As + K * PDi * tan * Asi ]
Soil Properties as per Bore Hole No.1 (Depth below 2.0m G.L)
Coefficient of Earth Pressure
S.No

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29

1.49
1.49
1.49
1.49
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41

0.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
25.0

sat

sub

PD1

PD2

PDavg

Asi

2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65
2.65

0.779
0.779
0.779
0.779
0.879
0.879
0.879
0.879
0.879
0.879
0.879

1.928
1.928
1.928
1.928
1.878
1.878
1.878
1.878
1.878
1.878
1.878

0.928
0.928
0.928
0.928
0.878
0.878
0.878
0.878
0.878
0.878
0.878

0.000
1.855
4.175
6.494
8.813
11.008
13.203
15.398
17.593
19.788
19.788

0.000
4.175
6.494
8.813
11.008
13.203
15.398
17.593
19.788
21.982
21.982

0.000
3.015
5.334
7.654
9.911
12.106
14.301
16.495
18.690
20.885
20.885

0.000
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425
9.425

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

322.8 + 675.369

Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Pile


Net Bearing Capacity as per static Qnet
formula
Density of Concrete
Self Weight of Pile (Buoyant)
=
Net Bearing Capacity of Pile

Qu / FOS

1.131 * 25.0 * (2.4 - 1.0 )


=

399.0 - 39.6

Net Vertical Load carrying Capacity of Pile (excluding selfweight) =

Scott Wilson

1.0

The total ultimate bearing capacity (Q U) for pile


QU
QP + QS
=
Therefore

Depth Depth of
from GL
Pile
2.00
4.50
7.00
9.50
12.00
14.50
17.00
19.50
22.00
24.50
27.00

=
=
=
Say
=
=
Say

998.2 t
998.2
399.3
399.0
2.4
39.6

ton
ton
ton
t/m3
t

359.4 t
359.0 ton
359.0 t

CAsi

Load - t

0.000
0.000
0.000
15.752
0.000
27.869
0.000
39.985
0.000
51.777
0.000
63.243
0.000
74.709
0.000
86.176
0.000
97.642
0.000
109.108
0.000
109.108
0.000 675.369
675.369

Patna ROB's (Package -VIII)

Design of Abutment Pier and its Foundation

HORIZONTAL LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY CALCULATIONS


{Append. C , IS:2911(PartI/Sec2)}
The maximum lateral load on any pile under normal condition shall not exceed the value corresponding to 5mm horizontal deflection (produced at cut-off level)

The lateral load capacity, depth of fixity amd maximum moment in pile is calculated as per Append. C of IS:2911(PartI/Sec2)-1979. Minimum value of lateral load
capacity is adopted for Design.
Depth of Fixity
Depth of Fixity for pile (LF) is given by plots in Fig. 2 (Append.C) of IS:2911 between L F/R or LF/T.
Where
LF =

Depth of Fixity

L1 =

Here

Height above ground level of Lateral Forces


(EI/K1)1/4
R =
Grade of Concrete
Dia of Pile
E =
Young's Modulus of the Pile Material (i.e. M35 grade concrete)
=
pi * (dia)4 / 64
I =
K2 =
Constant (from Table 1 of Append. C)

Therefore
T =
L1 =

( E * I / K1)1/5

1.2 m
=
=
=
=
=

(for Fixed Head Piles)


for Fixed Head Piles in Preloaded Clays, from Fig.2 of Append.C
LF/T =
Depth of Fixity
Therefore
LF =

2.2 * R
Pile Head Deflection (Y) is given by
Q ( L1 + LF)3/ 12EI
Y =
or
Q =
Where
Q =
and
Y =

M 35

=
=

2.2 * 3.56

2.96E+06 t/m2
0.1018 m4
0.526 Kg/cm3
526.0 t/m3
3.56
0.0 m
2.20
7.835 m

(for Fixed Head piles, refer to Cl. C.1.3 of


Append. C)

12EI * Y / ( L1 + LF)

Lateral Load Capacity


5 mm
(Maximum Deflection, as per Design Criteria)

0.005 m

37.59 ton

37.59 ton

46.9 ton

Therefore
Q =
=

12EI * Y / ( L1 + LF)3
12 * 2,960,000 * 0.102 * 0.005 / (0.0 + 7.83)**3

i.e. Lateral Load Carrying Capacity of Pile under


Normal Condition
Therefore
QSEISMIC =
1.25 * 37.6
Thus, Lateral Load Carrying Capacity of Pile
Under Normal Condition
Under Seismic Condition
Maximum Moment in Pile
Fixed End Moment in Pile is given by
MF=
Q ( L1 + LF) / 2

=
=

Qlat

37.59 ton
46.90 ton

(for Fixed Head piles ,


Append. C)

refer to Cl. C.2.1 of

and Actual Maximum Moment in Pile is given by


m * ( MF )
M =
or
M =

m * Q ( L1 + LF) / 2

Where
m =
for L1/T =
m =
Therefore
M =

Reduction Factor

(from Fig. 3 of Append. C, corresponding to L 1/R or LF/T)

0.00
0.96

and piles in Pre loaded clays


(from Fig. 3B of Append. C)

Maximum Moment in Pile


m * Q ( L1 + LF) / 2
M =
=
0.96 * Q * ( 0.0 + 7.83 ) / 2
=
3.76 * Q
Therefore
Maximum Moment in Pile =
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
Vertical Load Carrying Capacity of Pile
Under Normal Condition
Under Seismic Condition
Lateral Load Carrying Capacity of Pile
Under Normal Condition
Under Seismic Condition
Maximum Moment in Pile

Scott Wilson

3.76 * Q
tm
where Q is Lateral load in tons

=
=

359.0 ton
449.0 ton

=
=
=

37.6 ton
46.9 ton
3.76 * Q tm