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CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study 1.2 Objectives of the
Study 1.3 Definition of the Key Term
CHAPTER 2 : METHODOLOGY 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Sampling 2.3 Instrumentation
2.4 Data Collection 2.5 Data Analysis
CHAPTER 3 : FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Profile of the
Respondents 3.3 Analysis of the Data
Background of the Study Stress is the feeling that is created when we react to
particular events. It can make you feel threatened or upset. It is a combination of
psychological, physiological and behavioural reactions that people have in
response to events that threaten or challenge them. Stress can be good or bad.
Sometimes, it can be helpful, providing people with the extra energy or alertness
they need and could give a runner the edge he or she needs to persevere in a
marathon, for example. Good kind of stress is called eustress. Unfortunately,
stress is often not helpful and can even be harmful when not managed
effectively. Stress also can increase the risk of developing heath problems such
as cardiovascular disease and anxiety disorders.The bad kind of stress is called
distress. Stress is the effect of disruptive or upsetting situations which cause in
response to adverse external situation. As collage students, we are more
influenced of encountering involuntary situations or conflicts causing us to
experience feeling like frustration, anxiety and having fear of what we cannot
control. Face academic demands,social involvement, family and daily
responsibilities are the causes that are faced among the college students. By not
knowing how deal with meeting and demands of being a college student and
some having a full time job or a family to cater too can create a lot of pressure
and cause stress. There are a lot of life changing decisions we have to make and
challenges we face daily. Some of those challengers can be classes, difficulties
with our schedule,academic and financial obstacles. At times it seems impossible
to find balance between school and friends, family, part time or full-time jobs and
relationships. Thus, this survey study is carried out to identify the factors
associated with the stress among the students of KMPh, the effects of stress that
can be experience and to recommend suitable and appropriate actions that can
be taken to overcome the problem.
5. 1.2 Objectives of the Study

The objectives of this study are: 1. To determine the factors associated with the
stress among the students of Carmel School
2. To investigate the effect of stress that can be experience.
3. To determine suitable measures to be taken in order to solve the problem.
1.3 Definition of the Key Terms. Effect -A condition caused by something or to
cause something to happen as a result.
ii. Stress -The bodys reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental or
emotionaladjustment or respond.
1 Introduction
The purpose of this chapter is to look at the research methodology used in this
study. Thespecific components covered in this chapter are the sample of
population, instrumentation,data collection as well as data analysis.
2.2 Sampling:
The subject of this study was 20 students consisting of 4 students from each
course.The respondent comprised 10 male and 10 female students from various
races and differentcourses of their study. Besides that, all of them are among 18
and 19 years old.
2.3 Instrumentation:
The survey instrument for this study is a set of questionnaire. A total of 20 sets
of questionnaire were distributed to 20 students to gain information about the
problemof the stress. The questionnaire is divided into two sections. Part A
consist of 5 items which elicit the students background information, namely the
gender, course, race, age and semester I cumulative grade point average. Part B
consists of 15 items which focuses on thefactors that lead to the problem of
stress among students. A copy of the questionnaire is enclosed in the Appendix I.
The data were collected by the researchers at Pahang Matriculation College. A
number of 20respondents were involved in this study. The data collection
involved four phases. First,distributing the questionnaires to the respondents and
covered the span of only a day.Second, prior to answering the questionnaire, the
respondents were given the short briefingon the purpose of the study. Each item
in the questionnaire was explained to therespondents. Other than that,
explanation on how to respond to the questionnaire wasgiven to avoid difficulty
in understanding on part of the respondents. Lastly, is the phase of the
questionnaire and make an analysis.


The researchers checked through all 20 respondents questionnaires. The data
were in theform of responding to either yes no as well in the statements. In
this study, the data wereanalyzed using descriptive statistics. The responses in
the questionnaires were tabulated,percentage calculated and the results were
presented in the forms of graphs and the charts as well as textual discussions.
This chapter constitutes the discussion of the results from the data gathered. The
findings presented here were based on the instrument used; the questionnaires.
This chapter willexplain about the profile of the respondents, analysis of the
results of the questions as wellas the conclusion.
By the end of the study, 21 students participated in the research. They consisted
of the 4 students from Accountancy courses .Beside that, 8students from Module
1, 6 students from Module 2 and 3 students from the Module 3. The students
profile which consisted gender, age, race and course taken were presented in
specific category using frequency (f) and percentage. The following table shows
the composition of the students.

A total of 21 KMPh students were involved in this study. As seen in the above
table, all21 respondents were of difference age which is 18 and 19 years old. On
the whole, the maleand female students who participated in this study are 9 and
12 students. There was alsoethnic variety among the respondents of the four
courses. For module 1, the respondentsconsisted of 5(23.81%) Malay, 2(9.51%)
Chinese and only 1(4.75%) Indian students. Formodule 2, there are only Malays
students which are 6 students and 3 students for module 3.For accountancy
respondent 2(9.52%) Malays and 1(4.76%) came from Chinese and Indianraces.
From our observation, minority of the student get pointer of 2.01-3.00 CGPA
forPSPM 1 are 7 (33.33%) and majority of them are about 3.01-4.00 14(66.67%).
None of themget the pointer below 2.00. Our respondent also consists of PST and
PDT students which are17 PST students and 4 PDT students.
10. 3.3 ANALYSIS OF THE DATA3.3.1 Percentage of the Questionnaires Table 2:
Percentage of the questionnaireNUM. STATEMENT PERCENTAGE YES
PERCENTAGE NO (%) (%) 1. Student who are stress. 61.90 38.10 2. Enjoy the
feeling of being stress. 19.05 80.95 3. Experience in help someone who 66.67
33.33 was feeling stress. 4. Keep the worries a secret from 66.67 33.33 other
people. 5. Stress affects your study. 57.14 42.86 6. Suffer from the stress when
have 76.19 23.81 too much work to do. 7. Easy make decision about important

19.05 80.95 things. Based on table 2, the percentage of the students feeling
stress when studying inKMPh is 61.90% meanwhile only 83.10% of the students
who does not feeling stress. Besides that, 19.05% of the students enjoy the
feeling of stress and 80.95% of thestudents enjoy that feeling. So, we can
conclude that majority of the students hate thefeeling of stress. Other than that,
about 66.67% of our respondents had experience in help someonewho was
feeling stress and also keep the worries a secret from the others. This shows
thatmost of us can lead our hands to others. From the data in table 2, there are
57.14% of the students that their study is affectedby stress and only 42.86% is
not affected by the stress. We can say that stress does notaffect our study too
much as the differences between it is too small.
11. From the statement 6, most of the student suffers from the stress when there
is toomuch work to do which is about 76.19% of student. Lastly, there are only
minor of the student can easily make decision about importantthing and majority
of them cannot make decision about it easily. We can conclude that mostof them
think deeply when they are making their decision.3.3.2 Percentage that Cause
PROBLEM 7 23.33STUDY 17 56.67FRIENDS 5 16.67FAMILY 1 3.33 The table shows
that, the main sources of the stress among the student in KMPh. FromThe result,
we can conclude study is the most main sources of stress among the
studentswith the highest percentages which is 56.67%. The financial problem
also provides the causeof stress in students life with the percentage of 23.33%.
Only 5 students stress because offriends and 1 student stress because of family
problem. In conclusion study can cause moststress among the KMPh students.
12. 3.3.3 Percentage of Days that Students Feel Stress the Most Percentage of
Days 3.70% 7.41% 3.70% 37.04% MONDAY 11.11% TUESDAY WEDNESDAY
THUSDAY 22.22% FRIDAY 14.81% SATURDAY SUNDAY The pie chart above
depicts the percentage of the days that students feel stress themost, which is a
result of the question a from our questionnaire.37.04% of the students
feelMonday is the most stress day for them as this day contributed the highest
percentageamong the other days. The second highest day that the students feel
stress is Wednesdaywith 22.22%.14.18% of the students prefer Tuesday as the
most stress day to them while11.11% of the students prefer Thursday as the
days that they feel stressed the most. Fridayand Saturday share the same value
of the percentages with 3.70%which contributes thelowest percentages for the
students feel stress in these days. The other 7.41% of thestudents found that
Sunday is the most stress day to them. As to conclude, Monday is themost
stressful day for us as it is the starting day of week.
13. 3.3.4 Percentage of what students feel when they are stress. SOURCES
FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)Feel tired during days 13 50.00Cannot sleep well at
night 6 23.08Do not feeling well 7 26.92 The table above shows the result of the
student for how many students feel stressbring negative effect to him/her. From
the above data, we can conclude that most studentchoose the first effect which
is become tired during day. This effect contributes half of thepercentages, 50%
which is the highest percentage of what students feel when they arestressed. 7

students cannot sleep well at night when they are stressed while the other
6students do not feeling well when they are stress. We can see that stress cam
make therespondent fee tired during the day as it is the majority effect among
thus three.3.3.5 Percentage of How Student Feel Stress Recently. SOURCE
FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)Short time 7 33.33Long time 14 66.67 The table
shows the result for how long the students feel stress recently. From theabove
result, we can conclude that most students feel stress in long time with the
highestpercentages, 66.67% rather than feel stress in short time with only
14. 3.3.6 Percentage of students think stress is ever good, useful or necessary.
FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)YES 14 66.67NO 7 33.33 The table above shows
the result for how many students who believed stress is evergood, useful or
necessary. From the above result, we can conclude that most students thinkthat
stress is good, useful and necessary as stress would make them become
motivated asthey can overcome the stress by their own. We can say that stress
bring positive effect tothem.
15. 3.3.7 Percentage of when the students feel stress a cot. Percentage 4.55%
4.55% 27.27% During exam Once a week 63.64% Everyday others The pie chart
above depicts the percentage of when the students fell stress alot .Majority of
the students feel stress a lot during the examination which is contributedthe
highest percentages (63.64%). 27.27% of the students feel stress a lot once a
week .The4.55% of the students fell stress a lot on everyday and others .
16. 3.3.8 Percentage of Students Feel emotionally when they are in Stress.
PERCENTAGE 45.00% 41.67% 40.00% 35.00% percentage (%) 30.00% 25.00%
25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 12.50% 12.50% PERCENTAGE 10.00% 8.33% 5.00%
0.00% NERVOUS WOORY SAD ANGRY OTHERS Sources The graph above
illustrates the result of question 14 of our questionnaire. Majority ofthe students
(41.67%) feel angry when they are in stress.25.00% of the students feel
worrywhen they are in stress while the feeling of nervous and others feeling
when the studentsare in stress shared the same value of percentages which is
12.50%. We can say thatminority of the students feel sad when they are in
17. 3.3.9 Frequency of the Person that Students meet when they are in stress.
TEACHERS PARENTS COUNSELOR OTHERS The graph above shows the frequency
of the part that the students prefer the most torefer and talk to when they are
stressed. 11 of the students prefer to share their problemswith their friends while
6 of the students prefer to talk to their parents when they feelstressed.
Contradictorily, no one of the students refer to teacher during stressful
moment.The other 1 of student seek advices from their siblings in coping with
stress whereas 4 of thestudents refer to the counselors. We can say that, the
students are preferred to talk to theirfriends about their problem as it is the
highest percentage.

18. 3.3.10 Percentage the students do when they Fell Stress. PERCENTAGE
35.00% 33.33% 30.00% 25.00% 23.81% PERCENTAGE (%) 20.00% 14.29%
15.00% 9.52% PERCENTAGE 10.00% 5.00% 0 0.00% SINGING SHOUTING EATING
CRYING OTHERS SOURCES The graph above illustrates the result of percentages
on what students do when theyfeels stress. Majority of the students (33.33%)
eating when they are stress. Singing is thesecond choice that the students do
when they feel stress. Shouting provides 14.29% whilecrying provides 9.52% on
what the students do when they feel stress and others contributed19.05%. We
can see that many of our respondents release their stress by eating the food.
conclusion, stress is the combination of psychological, physiological,and
behavioural reactions that people have in response to events that threaten or
challengethem. Stress can be good or bad. Sometimes, stress is helpful,
providing people with theextra energy or alertness they need. Stress could give a
runner the edge he or she needs topersevere in a marathon, for example. This
good kind of stress is called eustress.Unfortunately, stress is often not helpful
and can even be harmful when not managedeffectively. Stress could make a
salesperson buckle under the pressure while trying to makea sales pitch at an
important business meeting, for example. Moreover, stress can increasethe risk
of developing health problems, such as cardiovascular disease and anxiety
disorders.This bad kind of stress is called distress, the kind of stress that people
usually are referringto when they use the word stress. Our study is conducted
among the students in Pahang Matriculation College toinvestigate deeper on the
background of stress, identify the factors associated with thestress among the
students of KMPh, the effects of stress that can be experience and torecommend
suitable and appropriate actions that can be taken to overcome this
problem.After conducting the study by collecting data using questionnaires
among students,researches generally able to achieve our objective. The factor
that associated with thisproblem is financial problem, study, friends and family.
Based on our researches the mainfactor of stress is study. It is show that
students nowadays are mature enough and realizethat it is their responsibility to
excel in academic. There are also the other factorscontributed to stress among
students too but that seem rarely when compared to stresscause by study. Next,
we also study about the effects of stress among students. From the finding,
wecan conclude stress are bringing benefit as well as harm to students. Majority
of thestudents thinks that stress is good, useful and necessary as stress would
make them becomemotivated as they can overcome the stress by their own.
While the negative side of stress ismajority of the students will feel tired during
the day when they are stress. The other effectis they will cannot sleep well at
night and also will do not feel well. In the last section of the study, we look into
the ways to overcome the stress. As themajority of the students eating when
they are stress. Singing is the second choice that thestudents do when they feel
stress. Less respondent shouting, crying and the others. We can
20. see that many of our respondents release their stress by eating the food.
While thesestrategies may serve as temporary diversion and it will also cause
side effect on your health.Stress can be good and bad, it just depend on you how

to dealing with it.4.2 Recommendations After conducting the study among the 21
respondents in Pahang MatriculationCollege, these are most suitable ways to
overcome the stress based on our research: 1. Always thinks positively. 2. Laugh.
3. Seek help from the motivation. 4. Do something that you love. The examples
are eating ,singing and mores. 5. Doing outdoor activity. 6. Plan some fun. Take a
break. 7. Plan to eat foods that improve health and eat an appropriate amount of
food at a reasonable schedule.When you are stressed, manage it. Stress affects
everybody. As stress research pioneer Hans Selyesaid, the only time we are not
reacting to stress is when we are dead.
21. REFERENCES1. Books Ace Ahead Text Muet Third Edition, Oxford Fajar, Choo
Wan Yat, Yeoh Wei Tzee, Stanley Nyanaprakasan and Yee Sook Fen. Second
Edition of Oxfords Dictionary.2. Internet http://www.123Helpme.com/collegestudents-and-stress: http:www.Google/stress Modul Kursus Persediaan Pengajian
Siswazah Pegawai Akademik UPM,Stress Management.
QUESTIONNAIREWe are from 6M1S4a, we would like to do a research on effect of
stress among KMPh students.PART A.1. Gender: Male ( ) Female ( )2. Course:
Account ( ) Module 1 ( ) PST ( ) PDT ( ) Module 2 ( ) Module 3 ( )3. Race : Malay ( )
Chinese ( ) Indians ( ) Others ( )4. Age : 18 ( ) 19 ( )5. Semester 1 cumulative
grade point average (PSPM 1) (GPA) 1.01-2.00 ( ) 2.01-3.00 ( ) 3.01-4.00 ( )PART
B: Please tick only one answer.1. Are you stressing? Yes ( ) No ( )2. Do you enjoy
the feeling of being stress? Yes ( ) No ( )3. Have you ever help someone who was
feeling stress? Yes ( ) No ( )4. Do you keep your worries a secret from other
people? Yes ( ) No ( )5. Does the stress affect your study? Yes ( ) No ( )6. Do you
suffer from stress when you have too much work to do? Yes ( ) No ( )7. Is it easy
for you to make decision about important things? Yes ( ) No ( )
24. 8. What cause stress in your life? Financial problem ( ) Study ( ) Friends ( )
Family ( )9. Which day do you feel stress the most? Monday ( ) Tuesday ( )
Wednesday ( ) Thursday ( ) Friday ( ) Saturday ( ) Sunday ( )10. How do you feel
when you are stress? Feel tired during day ( ) Cannot sleep well at night ( ) Do
not feeling well ( )11. Who is the person that you will meet when you are stress?
Friends ( ) Teacher ( ) Parents ( ) Counselor ( ) Others:12. What do you do when
you feel stress? Singing ( ) Shouting ( ) Eating ( ) Crying ( ) Others:13. How often
do you think you feel stress a lot? Every day ( ) during exam ( ) Once a week ( )
14. How do you feel emotionally when you are in stress? Nervous ( ) Worry ( )
Sad ( ) Angry ( ) Others:15. Have you felt stress recently? Long time ( ) Short
time ( )16. Do you think stress is ever good, useful or necessary? Why?