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Air Conditioning and Refrigeration System Design

Textbook: Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning Analysis and Design Sixth E
dition by Faye McQuiston, Jerald Parker and Jeffrey Spitler John Wiley & Sons In
c., 2005.
Instructor:
Office Hours:
10 AM - 12 PM Tue & Thur
& by prior Appt.
Course Objectives:
To teach students how to design an air conditioning or
refrigeration system to achieve specified conditions in a space.
Course Outcomes:
You will develop abilities to determine equipment requi
rements and select equipment needed for an air conditioning or refrigeration sys
tem. Specifically you will develop abilities to:
1.
determine the load of the conditioned space on the system s equipment
2.
locate and size the required ducts and other hardware to meet the space s
needs
3.
specify the type and size of the refrigeration machine required to meet
the system load.
Assessment Methods:
Each of outcomes 1 through 3 will be assessed by assigned homework problems, a p
relim exam and parts 1, 2 and 3 of a semester long system design project.
Computer Usage:
You will use software available on John Wiley s website
accessible using a code on the inside front cover of a new textbook, or download
able for a fee of ~$22.00 without a new book code, to calculations needed in the
design of systems. This software is very similar to software you will probably
use later if you work in this field. There are several separate parts of the sof
tware which perform psychrometric calculations, space cooling load calculations
over a 24 hour design day, duct size and pressure drop for specified air flow ca
lculations and performance of air/refrigerant heat exchangers (coils) with speci
fied geometry, and air and refrigerant conditions.
Attendance Policy:
Attendance at all class meetings is expected. You a
re responsible for all materials assigned or covered in all class meetings. Exce
ssive absences will almost certainly lower your test scores because of lack of f
amiliarity with the material.
Course Organization:
The course will present the technical tools for system design in lectures and yo
u will practice using them on assigned homework problems. Three prelims will tes
t your mastery of these tools. You will get design experience by designing the a
ir conditioning system for a small office building in a three part process exten
ding over most of the semester; you will submit your work on each part shortly a
fter we have finished that part of system design in the lecture, homework, preli
m part of the course. Pages 3 & 4 present the Chronological Outline of the cours
e lecture topics, homework, prelims and design project work. The specific design
project work requirements will be specified in handouts.
Prelims:
There will be three prelims over material as noted in the class
topic schedule on pages 3 & 4. Typically the prelims will be three computation p
roblems for 90 points and one (multiple part) short written answer question, for
10 points, covering some of the primary engineering principles involved. They a
re designed to test your knowledge of and ability to apply the principles of air
cond. & refrig. system design. Prelims are open book open notes.
Design Project:
The air conditioning and refrigeration system needed for a sm
all office building is to be specified to meet a situation and design criteria w
hich will be defined in a handout. You can design for any location in the world
between 50 deg. S and 50 deg N latitude for which you can find the necessary desi
gn day climate conditions; the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals contains condition
s for many locations all over the world. The results for different locations wil
l be compared in a class near the end of the course. Your work on the design pro
ject will apply the topics in the lectures and your design project will be grade
d based on your design project work, parts 1, 2 and 3 which you submit following e
ach prelim as designated in the Chronological Outline on pages 3 & 4. The overal
l project will count almost as much as a prelim toward the course grade. Your pr
oject work is expected to be an individual effort.

Homework:
Problems from the textbook have been assigned each week, except
the week before a design project part report is due. They will be collected as s
cheduled on the syllabus, graded and returned usually the following class. I wil
l try to get numeric answers to problems posted to the MEE 486 Course Conference
on First Class by the class day before the problems are due. Detailed solutions
will be placed in the same First Class folder the day following the due date. H
omework problems will not be accepted after solutions have been posted. These pr
oblems will constitute good practice for the Prelim questions and the overall ho
mework grade will count a small amount toward the course grade.
Grading Policy:
The course grade will be made up of the following
components:
3 prelims
25 % each
75 % total
design project, phases 1
phase 2
phase 3 4%
8%
8%
20 % total
homework problems
5 % total
Conversion to a letter grade will follow the table below:
A
94 to 100 A90 to 94 B+ 87 to 90 B
83 to 87 B80
to 83
C+ 77 to 80 C
73 to 77 C70 to 73 D+ 67 to 70 D
63 to 67
D60 to 63
E < 60
Accommodation:
If you wish to request an accommodation for a disability, please contact either
your instructor or the Director of Disability Support services as early as possi
ble in the semester.
Extended disruption of activities:
In the event of an extended disruption of normal classroom activities, the forma
t for this course may be modified to enable its completion within its programmed
time frame. In that event, you will be provided an addendum to the syllabus tha
t will supersede this version.
Class Date
Topic Txt - Ch&sect Homework probs. Due
1
9/3
W
Introduction to course and overview of system designs
2 all sections
2
9/5
F
Properties of moist air, enth. & sp. vol variation with
temp. & humidity
3-1 & 2 3-2,3-3a,3-4,3-5,
3
9/8
M
Humidity measurement. by adiab. sat. process, and psychr
ometrics
3-3 & 4 3-12, 3-13,
4
9/10
W
Application of psychrometrics, sensible cooling and heat
ing
3-5
3-15
Hmwk. 9/5 & 9/8
5
9/12
F
Application of psychrometrics, cooling with dehumd. & SH
F
3-5 & 3-6
3-18, 3-27, 3-32
6
9/15
M
, adiabatic
mixing of two air streams
3-5
3-25, 3.26, 3-33
Hmwk. 9/10 - 9/1
2
7
9/17
W
, adiabatic
humidification 3-5 & 3-6
3-22,
8
9/19
F
Processes in systems with cooling and dehumidification
3-6
3-34, 3-38,
9
9/22
M
Processes in systems with cooling and humidification
3-6
3-39, 3-40
Hmwk. 9/15 9-19
10
9/24
W
Tour of mechanical room in the AMC building
11
9/26
F
Comfort factors and conditions 4-1,-2 & -3
4-1, 4-7
, 4-8 Hmwk 9/22
12
9/29
M
Ventilation requirements,
in class discussion of H
mwk 9-26
4-6
Hmwk 9/26 revwd
13
10/1
W
Prelim 1

14
10/3
F
Prelim 1 review & start of heat transmission in building
structures
5-1
15
10/6
M
Heat transfer in bldg. structs. R values & overall ht. t
ransfer. coef. 5-1 & 5-2
5-2a, 5-3a, 5-4
Dsgn proj ph 1 work
16
10/8
W
Heat transfer in wood or metal stud & joist frame struct
ures
5-1 & 5-2
5-7, 5-10, 5-13
17
10/10
F
Solar heat gains from windows, skylights doors 7-6
5-17, 5-21, 5-22
Hmwk. 10/6 & 10/8
10/13 M
Fall Break
18
10/15 W
Use of HVAC Load Explorer software
Hmwk. 10/10
19
10/17
F
Heat gains from people lights and equipment in the space
;
8-4
8-16*, 8-17
20
10/20 M
Infiltration and ventilation air;
6-4
opaque wall & roof loads HVAC Ld Expl
21
10/22 W
Putting all loads together heat balance & radiant time
series (RTS)
8-12 & 8-13
Hmwk 10/17
22
10/24
F
Design principles direct expansion, chilled water, evapor
ative cooling
wall w door & windw and roof loads HVAC Ld Expl
23
10/27 M
Prelim 2
Covers material since Prelim 1
24
10/29 W
Prelim 2 rev,, design principles continued;
25
10/31
F
Air-handling systems, diffusion of air in space;
11-1
11-1, 11-3, 11-10
Dsgn proj ph 2 work
26
11/3
M
"
"
"
, diffusion of air in s
pace; 11-2
11-9, 11-12
27
11/5
W
"
"
"
, duct sizing, low velo
city systems; 12-7 through 11 12-22*, 12-23, 12-24
Hmwk 10/31 11/3
28
11/7
F
"
"
"
, duct sizing, high vel
ocity systems 12-7 through 11 12-28,
29
11/10 M
"
"
"
, use of software Duct
for duct design 12-12 12-35 Hmwk 11/5 & 11/7
30
11/12 W
Vapor compression refrigeration cycle machines 10-4
15-1, 15-5, 15-6
31
11/14
F
Use of capillary tubes in small vap. comp. refrig. cycle
machines
15-4
Hmwk 11/10 & 11/12
32
11/17 M
Use of software Coil for heat exchanger sizing; 14-6
14-35 & 14-43
33
11/19 W
Design of air-handlers , filtering for contaminant con
trol; 4-6
4-16, 4-18, 4-21, 4-23
34
11/21
F
Design of air-handlers
, fan(s) selection & sizing;
12-1 through 4 12-1, 12-2, 12-4
Hmwk 11/17 & 11/19
35
11/24 M
Chilled water systems, comparison to air systems,
15-2
Hmwk 11/21
11/26 & 28, W&F
Thanksgiving Break
36
12/1
M
Component selection in large systems.
37
12/3
W
Prelim 3 covers material since Prelim 2 2-4
38
12/5
F
Prelim 3 review & component selection in large systems
39
12/8
M
Automatic control of systems,
Dsgn pro
j ph 3 work
40
12/10 W
Absorption cycle vs vapor compression cycle for large sy
stems 15-6 through 8
41
12/12
F
Review of the design project results