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S

CI

BY: Erika Johanna Manrique Pineda


Licenciature in Basic Education with Emphasis in Spanish and English

The study of the natural sciences prepares students to address concerns related to
physical, chemical, biological and environmental constituent forms of life of which
we are part, and uses the scientific method in favor of creative transformation and
sustainable quality of life.
Students learn science and analytical descriptive language that allows them to
incorporate knowledge and understanding in the study of nature throughout the
history of mankind, to marvel at its complexity and profound beauty and take a
critical and committed against environmental problems. A language which in turn
motivates their curiosity, develop your sensory acuity and promotes their practical
skills, communication, analytical, argumentative and evaluative.
SCIENCES
COMPETENCE
I identify as a living thing that shares some characteristics with other living beings
and that relates to them in an environment in which all evolve.
ACHIEVEMENT
Identify that the human body is formed, distinguish the parts of the skeletal,
muscular and relate parts of the digestive, respiratory, and circular functions.
TOPICS
The human body (tissue, organ, system)
Skeletal System, Muscle (parts, functions)
Digestive system, respiratory and circulatory (parts, functions and importance).
ENVIRONMENT
COMPETENCE
I appreciate the usefulness of some objects and techniques developed by man and
acknowledge that we are agents of change in the environment and society.
ACHIEVEMENT
Lists elements that make up the environment and recognizes the influence of man
on balance conservation this.

TOPICS
Adaptations to the environment
The man and the environment

The human body consists of head, trunk and


limbs, the arms are the upper extremities and the
lower legs, it is noteworthy that the trunk is
divided into thorax and abdomen and is what
gives movement to the upper extremities and
head lower.

1. Complete the picture with the parts

2. The human body is divided into:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Head, shoulders, knees and feet.


Head, abdomen, upper and lower extremities.
Face, neck, arms and legs.
None of the above.

3. Complete the puzzle with the names of the parts

4. How is the name of this body part?

______________________

5.

Search the following words

6. What is a tissue?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Name of the tissues that make up the human body.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Epithelial, muscle, bone, nervous


Brain, muscles, bones, eyes
Hair, face, arms, legs
None of the above.

8. Draw the different tissues of the body.

________________

____________

______________

____________

9. Look at the picture

10.

The organs are

formed of a group of
_____________________________________
11.

Draw a organ

12.

Write the different names of organs

13.

See this page

http://www.primaria.librosvivos.net/archivosCMS/3/3/16/usuarios/103294
/9/5EP_Cono_ud1_184/frame_prim.swf and answer the following questions
14.

What name is given to a group of organs that performs the same

function?
a. Equipment or system
b. functional Fabric
c. functional cells
15.

What is a tissue?

a. A set of cells of the same type that perform a function


b. A group of organs that perform a complementary role
c. A device or system multicellular beings

16.
The cells of multicellular living beings consist of:
a. Tissues and organs
b. Tissues, organs and organ systems
c. Tissue and organ systems
17.

All cells of multicellular living beings are equal

a. true
b. false
18.

The tissues of multicellular living organisms clump together and form:

a. Apparatus or systems
b. Cells
c. Organs
19.

What is the name for living things are made up of several cells

a. unicellular
b. multicellular
c. Single-stage

20.

Draw a picture of the different levels of organization in the human body.

21.

Draw the internal organs

22.

Look at the picture

23.

Complete

with the different names

of bones

24.
system consists of:
a. muscles
b. bones

The skeletal

c. jitters
d. Cells
e. B and D are correct
25.

Many bones have your body?

a. 208 bones
b. 390 bones
c. 10 bones
26.

What is the function of the skeletal system?

a. Hold the body


b. Give elasticity to the body
c. Feeding the body
27.

Find the bones name in the wordsearch

28.

Look at the picture

29.

Write the names of the muscle system

30.

Search

wordsearch

the muscles in the

31.

32.

Join the points.

Watch the following video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzJJE-elzX8

and answer the following questions.

33.

What is the function of skeletal muscle?

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
34.

What other name does skeletal muscle?

___________________________________________________________________________________
35.

What are smooth muscles?

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
36.
What is the function of cardiac muscle?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
37.
Draw a picture of smooth muscle that a organ could be found

38.

Draw the organ where you can find the cardiac muscle

39.

Look at the picture

40.

Complete the system with the names

41.

42.

Read and answer

El aparato digestivo se localiza a lo largo del cuerpo, desde la boca al


ano, pasando as desde la cabeza al final del tronco.
El aparato digestivo y su FUNCIONAMIENTO:
Vamos a ver el proceso desde que el alimento entra en la boca hasta que
son expulsadas por el ano las sustancias que no nos sirven.
El alimento entra en la boca, donde los dientes lo trituran, cortan y
mastican, a la vez se va mezclando con la saliva (segregada por las
glndulas salivares). Es la lengua quien ayuda a mezclar la saliva con los
alimentos, creando as el bolo alimenticio. Este bolo baja por la faringe y el
esfago hasta llegar al estmago. All permanece el tiempo necesario para
que se realice la digestin (ms o menos unas 2 horas).
El estmago produce jugos gstricos que se mezclan con el bolo hasta
convertirlo en una papilla, que pasa al intestino delgado. All se produce la
ltima transformacin de los alimentos. La papilla, ya en el intestino
delgado, se mezcla con los jugos intestinales, con la bilis procedente del
hgado y con el jugo pancretico. Estos jugos descomponen la papilla y la
transforman en sustancias nutritivas, que son absorbidas por las paredes
del intestino delgado. All pasan a la sangre que las distribuye por todo el
cuerpo. La parte que no ha sido absorbida sigue hasta el intestino grueso
donde se transforman los excrementos que se expulsan por el ano.

43.

Which is the principal function of digestive system?

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
44.

Describe with your words the process of the food in the system.

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

ENVI
RON

ADAPTATION TO ENVIRONMENT: The process


by which the body is becoming able to survive
Adaptacin: es el proceso por el cual el organismo se va haciendo capaz de
under certain environmental conditions.
sobrevivir en determinadas condiciones ambientales.
Adaptations are different; it is not the same to
La adaptacin al medio en un ambiente nuevo es un proceso lento, largo y
liverequiere
surrounded
water to
surrounded del
by cuerpo, en el funcionamiento y en
que
un by
cambio
enlive
estructuras
not just in the water
around
on the al nuevo ambiente, por lo que se
el air,
comportamiento
paramove
poder
habituarse
ground. tres tipos de adaptaciones:
distinguen

MENT

.Morfolgica o estructural: Son cambios morfolgicos que


experimentan los organismos para adecuarse a una cierta forma de vida.
Como resultado de las readaptaciones sucesivas, muchos seres vivos actuales
presentan rganos vestigiales que no realizan ninguna funcin, pero que en
un tiempo le proporcionaron ventajas adaptativas al medio en el que viva.
o look
funcional:
Son cambios que afectan al funcionamiento
45. Fisiolgica
Read and
at the video
de los rganos de forma que faciliten la supervivencia del individuo.
Etolgicas o de conducta: Se refiere a ciertos hbitos para sobrevivir
o comunicarse.

Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?
feature=player_embedded&v=sas4bhczi-Y
46.

Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, dibuja una especie, por cada tipo de

adaptacin.

47.
Observas las imgenes.
Une con una lnea las estructuras externas que le ayudan adaptarse a su medio
ambiente
___ Las aletas

le sirven al pez ____

Patas

movilizarse nadando_____

____ para
____ en un

medio acutico_______

Alas
_______________________________
________________________________
________________________________

Aletas

_______________________________
________________________________
________________________________

_______________________________

Piel
________________________________

________________________________

Patas
_______________________________
________________________________
________________________________

48.

Una caracterstica que presentan los cactus para vivir en ambientes

desrticos es la presencia de

A) races profundas.
B) tallos leosos.
C) hojas en forma de espinas.
D) flores llamativas.
49.

Muchos animales, gracias al color, forma o dibujos en su cuerpo, se

confunden con el medio donde viven y pasan desapercibidos para los


predadores. Esta adaptacin se llama

A) crecimiento.
B) camuflaje.
C) huda.
D) proteccin.

50.

Una de las caractersticas fundamentales que presentan los mamferos

es que sus cras


A) se desarrollan a partir de huevos.
B) son liberadas en ambientes acuticos.
C) son cuidadas y amamantadas por su madre.
D) se desarrollan a partir de semillas.

51.

Observa la siguiente figura. En ella se muestra un picaflor.

La forma del pico es una adaptacin para alimentarse de:


A) peces.
B) semillas.
C) insectos.
D) nctar de flores.
52.
Algunas aves presentan en sus patas una membrana que une sus
dedos. Esta es una adaptacin para:

A) caminar.
B) volar.
C) nadar.
D) atrapar presas.
53.

Dibuja tu adaptacin al medio