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Descriptions of functions

10.22 Dynamic overload capability of the power unit

10.22

Dynamic overload capability of the power unit

10.22.1

Overview of functions
The rated unit DC current specified on the unit rating plate (= maximum permissible
continuous DC current when p50077 = 1.00) may be exceeded during operation. The extent
to which this value is exceeded and how long this lasts are subject to certain limits, which
are explained in more detail in the section that follows.
The absolute upper limit for overload currents is 1.8x the rated unit DC current p50077 (=
1.8 r50072[0] p50077). The maximum overload duration depends on the overload
current's time characteristic as well as on the unit's load history, and differs from power unit
to power unit.
Each overload must be preceded by an underload (load phase with load current < p50077
rated unit DC current). Once the maximum permissible overload duration has elapsed, the
load current must return to at least p50077 rated unit DC current.
The dynamic overload for the power unit is monitored by a software algorithm (I2t monitoring
of the power unit). I2t monitoring uses the time characteristic for the actual load current value
to calculate the time characteristic for the thyristors' temperature rise above the ambient
temperature. When the converter unit is switched on, the calculation process starts with the
initial values that were determined before the electronic power supply was last shut down.
The environmental conditions (ambient temperature, installation altitude) can be taken into
account by setting parameter p50077. In the delivery condition, the ambient temperature is
always set to the maximum possible value without derating (i.e. 45 C for self-ventilated units
and 40 C for units with forced ventilation).
I2t monitoring responds when the temperature rise calculated in the thyristors becomes too
high. However, it is also possible to set the following alternative responses using
parameters:
p50075 = 0:

I2t monitoring is disabled. The armature current is limited to p50077 rated


unit DC current (= p50077 r50072[0]).

p50075 = 1:

Alarm A60039 with reduction in armature current setpoint to p50077 rated


unit DC current

p50075 = 2:

Fault F80139 with unit shutdown

Parameters r52310 and r50014[1] show the calculated thyristor temperature rise as a % of
the maximum permissible thyristor temperature rise. This maximum temperature rise differs
from power unit to power unit, but falls approximately between 80 C and 90 C.

SINAMICS DCM DC Converter


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539

Descriptions of functions
10.22 Dynamic overload capability of the power unit

10.22.2

Configuring for dynamic overload capability


The DVD documentation for the SINAMICS DCM provides the following information for each
converter unit:
The maximum overload duration tonwhen starting up with a cold power unit and specified
constant overload with overload factor X (i.e. load with X times the device rated DC
current * p50077) (see the small table at the top right)
The maximum zero current interval tstarting from(maximum cooling time) until the power unit
reaches the thermal state "cold" (see below the small table at the top right)
Limiting characteristic fields for determining overload capability during thermally
stabilized, intermittent operation with overload (periodic duty cycles)
Tabular representation: Top left
Representation as curve with logarithmic y axis: Curve at bottom left
Representation as curve with linear y axis: Curve at bottom right
Note:
The power unit is "cold" when the calculated thyristor temperature rise is less than 5% of its
maximum permissible value. This state can be queried using a binary assignable output.
Note:
If you start duty cycles with a cold power unit at least partially within the specified duty cycle
limits, then the thermally stabilized state is reached without I2t monitoring responding.
If I2t monitoring is parameterized for a shutdown function (p50075 = 2), you should not come
too close to the limiting characteristic when configuring periodic duty cycles that are longer
than, slightly shorter than, or equal to 300 s.
In all other cases, however - and particularly when parameterizing I2t monitoring for a
reduction in the armature current setpoint (p50075 = 1) - you can utilize the maximum
overload capability determined by the limiting characteristic to its full extent.

Structure of limiting characteristic fields for intermittent operation with overload:


Each of the limiting characteristic fields relates to a duty cycle during intermittent overload
operation with an overall duration (time period) of 300 s.
A duty cycle of this type consists of two time intervals:
The base load duration (actual armature current value p50077 * rated unit DC current) and
The overload duration (actual armature current value p50077 * rated unit DC current)
Each limiting characteristic represents the maximum permissible overload duration Tp in
excess of the maximum base-load current Ig for a specific overload factor X and a specific
device.
For the remaining duration of the duty cycle, the base-load current determined using the
overload factor must not be exceeded.
If no limiting characteristic has been specified for the required overload factor, then it will be
subject to the limiting characteristic for the next largest overload factor.

SINAMICS DCM DC Converter

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Operating Instructions, 06.2013, C98130-A7066-A1-6-7619

Descriptions of functions
10.22 Dynamic overload capability of the power unit
The limiting characteristic fields apply for a duty cycle duration of 300 s.
For cycle durations < 300 s, the overload duration must be reduced proportionally (cycle
duration/300 s).
For cycle durations > 300 s, only the same overload duration as with a cycle duration of
300 s is permitted; the base load duration is correspondingly longer.
The limiting characteristic fields apply for p50077 = 1.00. When setting p50077 to 1.00, i.e.
reducing the thermal load, the currents that are actually flowing must be evaluated with the
factor 1/p50077:
Overload factor for characteristic X:
X=

Actual overload current / (p50077rated unit DC current)

Actual maximum base-load current Ig:


Ig =

p50077 maximum base-load current acc. to characteristic


as a % of the rated unit DC current

Basic tasks for configuring periodic operation with overload


Designations:
Base load duration300 = Minimum base load duration for 300 s cycle duration
Overload duration300 = Maximum overload duration for 300 s cycle duration

Basic task 1
Known:
Device types, cycle duration, overload factor, overload duration
To be found:
Minimum base load duration and maximum base-load current
To reach solution:
Select the limiting characteristic for the known unit and overload factor
Cycle duration < 300 s:
Overload duration300 = (300 s/cycle duration) overload duration
Cycle duration 300 s:
Overload duration300 = Overload duration
If:

Overload duration300 > overload duration300 for base-load current = 0

Then:

Required duty cycle cannot be configured

Otherwise Read the maximum base-load current for overload duration300 from the limiting
characteristic
:

SINAMICS DCM DC Converter


Operating Instructions, 06.2013, C98130-A7066-A1-6-7619

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Descriptions of functions
10.22 Dynamic overload capability of the power unit
Example 1:
Known:
30 A/4Q unit; cycle duration 113.2 s; overload factor = 1.45; overload duration = 20 s
To be found:
Minimum base load duration and maximum base-load current
Solution:
Limiting characteristic for 30 A/4Q unit, overload factor 1.5
Overload duration300 = (300 s./113.2 s.)20 s. = 53 s.
Base load duration300 = 300 s. 53 s. = 247 s.
Maximum base-load current = approx. 45% of IN = 13.5 A

Basic task 2
Known:
Device types, cycle duration, overload factor, base-load current
To be found:
Minimum base load duration and maximum overload duration
To find solution:
Select the limiting characteristic for the known unit and the known overload factor.
Read the overload duration300 for the base-load current from the limiting characteristic.
Cycle duration < 300 s:
Max. overload duration = (cycle duration/300 s) * overload duration300
Min. base load duration = cycle duration max. overload duration
Cycle duration 300 s:
Max. overload duration = overload duration300
Min. base load duration = cycle duration max. overload duration
Example 2:
Known:
30 A/4Q unit; cycle duration 140 s; current-overload factor = 1.15; base-load current =
0.6*IN=18 A
To be found:
Minimum base load duration and maximum overload duration
Solution:
Limiting characteristic for 30 A/4Q unit, overload factor 1.2
Base-load current = 60% of IN overload duration300 = 126.35 s.
Max. overload duration = (140 s./300 s.)126.35 s. = approx. 58 s.
Min. base load duration = 140 s. 58 s. = 82 s.

SINAMICS DCM DC Converter

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Operating Instructions, 06.2013, C98130-A7066-A1-6-7619