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Aamer, Shah, Reddy, Paulen 1

Zara Aamer, Anjali Shah, Nithya Reddy, Lindsay Paulen


National History Day
February 1, 2015
Annotated Bibliography
Primary Sources:
Cader, Jacob. "Chevy Chase Gerald Ford Sketch." Vimeo. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://vimeo.com/57674072>.
This is a clip from a Saturday Night Live sketch portraying President Gerald Ford,
and is embedded into our Politics and Media page.
Fey, Tina. Bossypants. New York: Little, Brown, 2011. Print.
This book was a source of quotes by Tina Fey, an SNL cast member. In it, she
discusses her experiences with the show and how impactful it has been on her
comedic career. It provided us with insight about the significance of SNL.
Fey, Tina. "Lessons from Late Night." The New Yorker. 14 Mar. 2011. Web. 3 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/03/14/lessons-from-late-night>.
This article by Tina Fey talked about the lessons she learned from Saturday Night
Live. Besides her book, this article gave us insight about her life with SNL.
Franklin, Benjamin. "On The Slave Trade." Eighteenth Century Reading Room. 23 Mar.
1790. Web. 3 Jan. 2015.
<http://18thcenturyreadingroom.wordpress.com/2008/03/27/item-of-the-dayfranklin-on-the-slave-trade-17901836/>.
This primary source was utilized to gain an understanding of the effects of
political satire during the Revolutionary period of American history. Benjamin
Franklins essays were the first major examples of political satire in America, and
had a tremendous impact on the people during this time period.
Poehler, Amy. Yes Please. New York: HarperCollins, 2014. Print.
This book was another firsthand account of an actress, Amy Poehler, who worked
with Saturday Night Live, and it greatly affected her life and career. She talks
about the significance of SNL and its impact and legacy.
"President Reagan Mastermind | Saturday Night Live - Yahoo Screen." Yahoo Screen.
Yahoo. Web. 15 Jan. 2015. <https://screen.yahoo.com/president-reaganmastermind-000000075.html>.

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This SNL sketch greatly affected the public opinion of President Reagan and was
one of many examples of how impactful SNL is in politics. Additionally, a
screenshot was added to our Politics and Media page.

"SNL Mocks Ebola Quarantine Fight in New..." YouTube. YouTube, 2 Nov. 2014. Web.
31 Jan. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjVeDeh3pK8>.
This video is a clip from an SNL sketch that we placed on our Prevalent Satires
page about our governor, Chris Christie. It allowed us to analyze the influence of
Saturday Night Live on political history by using current events.
"Tina Fey & Amy Poehler: First Ladies of Comedy (January 10, 2014) [3/3]." YouTube.
YouTube, 10 Jan. 2014. Web. 7 Jan. 2015.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKUFdzBulbk>.
This video contained a clip from SNLs sketch with Tina Fey as Sarah Palin. We
used this footage on our Prevalent Satires page because its impact was immense
on Sarah Palins political career. It gave us a major understanding of the effects of
television on politics.
"Update: Gov. Paterson Discusses Senate Nominee | Saturday Night Live - Yahoo
Screen." Yahoo Screen. Yahoo. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.
<https://screen.yahoo.com/gov-paterson-discusses-senate-nominee000000431.html>.
This clip from SNL shows how Governor David Paterson was portrayed and was
used in our analysis of the political impact and legacy of Saturday Night Live as a
leader in television, comedy, and political satire. Also, a screenshot from this
episode was used as an image on our Politics and Media page.
Secondary Sources:
"68th Annual George Foster Peabody Awards." Zimbio. 18 May 2009. Web. 13 Jan.
2015. <http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/o6wBgknA3x4/68th Annual George
Foster Peabody Awards/HifH2QNg7XP>.
This website provided us with an image for our Reception & Accolades page of
the SNL cast at the 68th Annual George Foster Peabody Awards.
Anderton, Ethan. "Michael Che Is the New Saturday Night Live Weekend Update
Anchor." Geek Nation. Web. 3 Jan. 2015. <http://geeknation.com/michael-che-isthe-new-saturday-night-live-weekend-update-anchor/>.
We used this website to get a picture of the SNL original cast on our SNL
Today page.

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Bazalgette, Peter. "The Influence of Television on the General Election." The Guardian.
The Guardian, 10 May 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.theguardian.com/media/2010/may/10/television-general-election>.
This website analyzed the effects of television on the general election, and was
used to highlight the importance of Saturday Night Live in politics.
Beckwith, Ryan. "How Saturday Night Live Could Affect the Presidential Campaign."
National Politics. 12 Sept. 2012. Web. 2 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.dfmpolitics.com/2012/09/how-saturday-night-live-could-affectpresidential-campaign/>.
This website gave us detailed information about the political effects of Saturday
Night Live, providing us with statistics from earlier elections.
Bradbury, Michael. "Neil Armstrong First Man on the Moon Dead at 82."
REALscience. 27 Aug. 2012. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.realscience.us/2012/08/27/neil-armstrong-first-man-on-the-moondead-at-82/>.
This website provided us with an image of Neil Armstrongs landing on the
moon, used in our timeline.
Bradley, Sean. "Casts by Season." Saturday-Night-Live.com. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.saturday-night-live.com/history/castsbyseason.html>.
This website listed the history of SNLs cast since its premiere, which helped us
organize our information and informed us about the various successful
actors/actresses that have emerged from SNL.
Bort, Ryan. "5 Things We Can Learn From SNL's Lorne Michaels." Esquire. 14 Sept.
2014. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. <http://www.esquire.com/blogs/culture/lorne-michaelsstories-snl>.
We used this website to research the influence and leadership on Lorne Michaels
in SNL on our Origins page.
Cader, Michael. Saturday Night Live: The First Twenty Years. New York: Cader
Company, 1994. Print.
This book was used to understand the origins of SNL and provide a source of
knowledge of how Lorne Michaels started the show.
"Cold Opening: Bill Clinton Talks Deposition | Saturday Night Live - Yahoo Screen."
Yahoo Screen. Saturday Night Live. Web. 9 Jan. 2015.
<https://screen.yahoo.com/cold-opening-bill-clinton-talks-000000259.html>.

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We used this website to retrieve a photograph of Darrell Hammond as Bill
Clinton on our Politics and Media page.

Conan O'Brien and Lorne Michaels. 2007. By Vince Bucci.


We used this photo to show that Conan was also influenced by Michaels on our
Lorne Michaels page.
Coyle, Jake. "Will Ferrell's Bush Meets Fey's Palin on 'SNL'" USATODAY.com. USA
Today, 24 Oct. 2008. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.
<http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/television/news/2008-10-23-SNL_N.htm>.
This website gave us a photograph of Will Ferrell as President Bush used on our
website. It also explained the political impact of SNLs portrayals.
Daly, Sean, Michelle Stark, and Sharon Wynne. "How 'Saturday Night Live' Changed
Politics." Tampa Bay Times. 9 Oct. 2008. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.tampabay.com/blogs/media/content/how-saturday-night-livechanged-politics>.
We used this website to research the impact and legacy SNL left on political
comedy and satire and was used in our Politics on SNL page.
Donnelly, Tim. "'Ed Sullivan' Staffer Recalls Stint as Honorary Beatle." New York Post.
New York Post, 31 Jan. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://nypost.com/2014/01/31/ed-sullivan-staffer-recalls-stint-as-honorarybeatle/>.
This website contained an image of the Beatles performing on The Ed Sullivan
Show, and it was placed in our timeline.
Estes, Adam. "Why Saturday Night Live Is Still So Funny After Almost 40 Years."
Gizmodo. Web. 3 Jan. 2015. <http://gizmodo.com/why-saturday-night-live-isstill-so-funny-after-almost-1624131151>.
We used this website to get a picture for the recent cast of SNL on our SNL
Today page.
Friedman, Roger. "Lorne Michaels, King of NBC at Last, Will Be Exec Producer of
SNL, Tonight, and Late Night." Showbiz411. 9 Apr. 2013. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.showbiz411.com/2013/04/09/lorne-michaels-king-of-nbc-at-lastwill-be-exec-producer-of-snl-tonight-and-late-night>.
We used this website to for the image of Lorne Michaels in our Origins page.

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Gillam, Bernhard. "Phyrne before the Chicago Tribunal." SuperItch. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://superitch.com/images/2012/02/Puck18840604cntrspread.jpg>.
This political cartoon was used in our website to highlight the importance of
political satire in public opinion.
"'Girls' Shine on TV, but ..." Jamaica Gleaner Flair RSS. 24 Sept. 2012. Web. 31 Jan.
2015. <http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20120924/flair/flair92.html>.
This image of Tina Fey winning an Emmy Award for her portrayal of Sarah Palin
was used on our website, under Reception & Accolades.
Gunnink, Gabe. "SNL Effect Sways Voters Whether They like It or Not." Chimes
Calvin College. 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.calvin.edu/chimes/2012/10/18/snl-effect-sways-voters-whetherthey-like-it-or-not>.
The political influence SNL had on voters is explained in this link and was used
on our Impact and Legacy page.
Hammill, Geoffrey. "Saturday Night Live." Museum of Broadcast Communications.
Web. 15 Jan. 2015. <http://www.museum.tv/eotv/saturdaynigh.htm>.
This website provided us with a quote about the inevitable success of Saturday
Night Live and gave us further information about the shows legacy.
Heasley, Colin. "Community Post: 17 Of The Greatest Political Impressions On
"Saturday Night Live"" BuzzFeed Community. BuzzFeed, 17 July 2014. Web. 8
Jan. 2015. <http://www.buzzfeed.com/heasleycp/the-17-greatest-political-snlimpressions-rnd3#.fyN6R8ny0>.
This website provided us with an image of Dana Carveys impression of President
George H.W. Bush, used on our Politics and Media page.
Hermiston, Eddie. "Effects of Media on Perceptions of the Vietnam War." Making
History at Northumbria University. 25 Mar. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<https://makinghistoryatnorthumbria.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/effects-ofmedia-on-perceptions-of-the-vietnam-war/>.
This website described the effect of television on the Vietnam War, and also
contains an image that we used in our virtual timeline to prove the impact of
television on history.
"History of Television." High-Tech Productions. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://www.hightechproductions.com/historyoftelevision.htm>.

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This website gave us information to create our virtual timeline as it explained the
history of television since its creation to today.

"Influence of TV SNL Satire on Political Identity Sarah Palin 2008." Clean Cut Media.
19 Oct. 2008. Web. 13 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.cleancutmedia.com/video/influence-of-tv-satire-on-politicalidentity-sarah-palin-2008>.
This article discusses the political effect of Saturday Night Live on Sarah Palins
political career and her presidential election in 2008.
Itzkoff, Dave. "The God of SNL Will See You Now." The New York Times. 22 Aug.
2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/25/arts/television/the-god-of-snl-will-see-younow.html?smid=yt-nytimes&_r=0>.
This website provided more information on Michaels and his prevalence on the
show and this was used in our Origins page.
"JFK Assassination Remembered 50 Years Later." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 22
Nov. 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/jfk-assassinationremembered-50-years-later-1.2436246>.
This article contained an image of President John F. Kennedy shortly before he
was assassinated, which we used in our virtual timeline. It also gave us
information about the impact of the assassination.
"Join, Or Die: America's First Political Cartoon." Political Persuasion. 1 Dec. 2010.
Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <https://ahersko.wordpress.com/2010/12/01/join-or-dieamericas-first-political-cartoon/.
This website contains an image of Benjamin Franklins Join, or Die cartoon,
which had a major impact on political satire and was used on our website.
Kaplan, Don. "Longtime 'Saturday Night Live' Producer Lorne Michaels Has Emerged as
the Ultimate Kingmaker of Comedy." Daily News. 22 Apr. 2013. Web. 22 Jan.
2014. <http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv-movies/lorne-michaelskingmaker-comedy-article-1.1323674>.
This website provided us with information about the leadership of Lorne Michaels
as Saturday Night Lives producer.
Kingkade, Tyler. "'Saturday Night Live' Political Skits May Sway The Presidential
Election, Academics Argue." Huff Post College. The Huffington Post, 21 Sept.
2012. Web. 4 Jan. 2015. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/21/saturdaynight-live-political-skits_n_1901761.html>.

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This article provided us with a quote for Impact & Legacy and was also the
source of information for ways on how SNL could affect the presidential election
as analyzed by professionals.

Liao, Shannon. "City Experiments with High-rise Evacuation Centers." Indonesia Has
High Hopes of Surviving Next Tsunami. 4 Aug. 2011. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/world/indonesia-has-high-hopes-ofsurviving-next-tsunami-59944.html>.
This website described the tsunami in Indonesia in 2004; we used it to obtain a
photograph of the tsunami to be used in our virtual timeline.
Lorne Michaels and Fred Armisen. 2012. By Astrid Stawiarz.
This image was used in our gallery People Impacted by Lorne Michaels.
Lorne Michaels and Kristen Wiig. 2013. By Christopher Polk.
This photograph of Lorne Michaels and Kristen Wiig was integrated into our
website.
"Lorne Michaels." Saturday Night Live. NBC. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
<http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night-live/about/bio/lorne-michaels>.
This website was used to further research Lorne Michaels involvement with SNL
and on our Origins page.
Lorne Michaels and Seth Meyers. 2014. By Jason Kempin.
This image, depicting Lorne Michaels and Seth Meyers, was used on our website.
Macaluso, Beth Anne. "PIC: See Amy Poehler Greet Hillary Clinton at the Time 100
Gala!" US Magazine. 25 Apr. 2012. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/pic-see-amy-poehler-greethillary-clinton-at-the-time-100-gala-2012254>.
This website contained an image that we placed on the page Impact & Legacy
of Amy Poehler and Hillary Clinton.
"Mike Myers." Canada's Walk of Fame. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.canadaswalkoffame.com/inductees/2003/mike-myers>.
This website contained an image used in our Lorne Michaels gallery.

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Natale, Raffaella. "Tv Che Ha Fatto La Storia: Confronto Nixon-Kennedy (videonews)."


Key4biz. 1 Dec. 2014. Web. 8 Jan. 2015. <http://www.key4biz.it/tv-fatto-storiaconfronto-nixon-kennedy-videonews/>.
This website, although it did not give us information as it is in a foreign language,
provided us with an image for our virtual timeline of the Nixon-Kennedy debates.
Nedelman, Anthony Joseph. "Does the Media Influence Our Political Views? Other
Decisions?" Applied Social Psychology (ASP). 25 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.personal.psu.edu/bfr3/blogs/asp/2012/10/does-the-media-influenceour-political-views-other-decisions.html>.
This source thoroughly described the political influence of media and television
on our minds today. It gave us the analysis of professionals, and we used it to
support our thesis about the impact of Saturday Night Live.
Poremba, Sue. "Probing Question: How Old Is Political Satire?" Penn State News. 20
June 2008. Web. 11 Jan. 2015.
<http://news.psu.edu/story/141311/2008/06/20/research/probing-question-howold-political-satire>.
This website provided us with a basic history of political satire in the United
States. This website gave us details about Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Nast, and
Bernhard Gillam.
"The Queen's Messenger." Mechanical Television. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.earlytelevision.org/queens_messenger.html>.
This website contained an image of The Queens Messenger that we used in our
timeline of the historical impact of television.
Rama. "#SNL Darrell Hammond Is Now SATURDAY NIGHT LIVEs New
Permanent Announcer." Rama's Screen. 19 Sept. 2014. Web. 12 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.ramascreen.com/snl-darrell-hammond-is-now-saturday-night-livesnew-permanent-announcer/>.
This source provided us with an image of Darrell Hammond as Bill Clinton, used
on our Politics and Media page.
San Diego, U-T. "Text of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 'I Have a Dream' Speech." U-T San
Diego. 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2013/aug/28/martin-luther-king-i-have-adream/>.
This website contained an image of Martin Luther King Jr. delivering his famous
I Have a Dream speech, which we placed in our timeline.

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Sciullo, Maria. "'SNL' a Total Rush for Director." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1 Feb. 2014.
Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://www.post-gazette.com/ae/tv-radio/2014/02/02/SNL-atotal-rush-for-director/stories/201402020041>.
We used an image from this article to show the success of SNL at the Emmy
Awards.
Shales, Tom, and James Miller. Live From New York: An Uncensored History of
Saturday Night Live, as Told By Its Stars, Writers and Guests. Little, Brown,
2002. Print.
We used this novel to learn more about the inner workings and the history of SNL.
Silverman, Ilena. "The Tina Fey Subliminal Effect." The 6th Floor The Tina Fey
Subliminal Effect Comments. 29 Apr. 2011. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://6thfloor.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/29/the-tina-fey-subliminaleffect/?_r=0>.
This website provided us with an image of Tina Fey portraying Sarah Palin used
on our Impact & Legacy page.
Silvey, Janese. "Professor Says 'SNL' Jokes Have Real Election Impact." News.
Columbia Tribune, 8 May 2013. Web. 9 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.columbiatribune.com/news/education/professor-says-snl-jokes-havereal-election-impact/article_c2c6c9a8-2bae-5191-98a9-7a972fea109f.html>.
This website used the perspective of a professional to describe the importance of
Saturday Night Live on the presidential election, used to prove our point about the
legacy of SNL on history.
"SNL 40th Anniversary Special (2 of 3)." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DuxCQrqutwk>.
We used this video in our SNL Today page to show how the show has
progressed.
"SNL Creator Michaels Honored." Today Television. 26 Oct. 2004. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.today.com/id/6332188#.VM_rZsaSf4F>.
We used this website to acquire more research on Lorne Michaels and how he
started SNL.
Snyder, Jon. "1939's 'World of Tomorrow' Shaped Our Today." Wired.com. Conde Nast
Digital, 29 Apr. 2010. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.wired.com/2010/04/gallery-1939-worlds-fair>.

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This website provided us with an image of the 1939s New York World Fair used
in our timeline, as well as giving us basic information about the fair.

Stephens, Mitchell. "History of Television." New York University. Web. 13 Jan. 2015.
<https://www.nyu.edu/classes/stephens/History of Television page.htm>.
This source gave us information about several historical events that were affected
or altered by the presence of television, as well as providing us with basic
information about the creation of television in the early 1900s.
Steve Martin, Lorne Michaels and Ben Affleck - DGA Announces Presenters and Guests
for 5th Annual DGA Honors. 2004. By Dimitrios Kambouris.
This is a photograph of Steven Martin, Lorne Michaels, and Ben Affleck in our
gallery on the Lorne Michaels page.
Tabrys, Jason. "Saturday Night Live to Celebrate 40th Anniversary with Special."
Screen Rant, 1 May 2014. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. <http://screenrant.com/saturdaynight-live-40th-anniversary-special/>.
This website contained a quote by NBC Entertainment Chairman Robert
Greenblatt that was used on our Reception & Accolades page to show the
success of the show.
Taylor, Alan. "The History of the Space Shuttle." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company,
1 July 2011. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2011/07/thehistory-of-the-space-shuttle/100097/>.
This website contained an image that we used in our website on the page
Televisions Role in History.
"Televised Opening of the 1939 New York Worlds Fair Lost Forever." Television
Obscurities. 17 July 2009. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.tvobscurities.com/2009/07/televised-opening-of-the-1939-new-yorkworlds-fair-lost-forever/>.
This website provided us with information about the 1939 World Fair and its
impact on American television in history; the information was used in our virtual
timeline.
"'That's a Nice Commute, It Would Be a Real Shame If Something Were to Happen to It':
Saturday Night Live Weighs in on Chris Christie's Bridgegate Scandal as Show's
New Star Makes First Appearance." Daily Mail.com. 19 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Jan.
2015. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2542053/Scandal-plagued-NewJersey-Governor-Chris-Christie-takes-center-stage-Saturday-Night-Live.html>.

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This article discussed Governor Chris Christies portrayal on SNL, added into our
website, and explained how SNL affected his political career.

"Thomas Nast." Thomas Nast. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.


<http://www.sonofthesouth.net/Thomas_Nast.htm>.
This website contained information and photographs integrated onto our website
about political cartoonist Thomas Nast.
Thorn, David. "Political Satire: The Influence of Humor." Early Formulations of
American Identity, Ideals, and Ideas. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.littlewolf.us/politicalsatire.html>.
This website discussed the history of political satire in America and was an
excellent source for details about the influence of humor, used on our Political
Satire in History page.
Timeline JS. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://timeline.knightlab.com>.
This website allowed us to build the virtual timeline for the page Televisions
Role in History. It allowed us to insert images, create text, titles, and add
citations to our timeline by providing us with HTML code. The timeline was an
interactive method of displaying major television events in American history to
our audience.
Wake, Matt. "'Saturday Night Live' Hairstylist Jennifer Serio Stauffer: 5 Things to Know
about Emmy-winning Huntsville Native." AL.com. 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 31 Jan.
2015. <http://www.al.com/entertainment/index.ssf/2013/09/saturday_night_
live_hairstylis.html>.
This website contains an image that we placed on our website under Reception
& Accolades of the SNL hairstylists at the Emmy Awards.
Washington Post, 25 Aug. 2010. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
<http://media3.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/photo/gallery/100825/GAL10Aug25-5531/media/PHO-10Aug25-246814.jpg>.
This image was used on our website under Reception and Accolades and is
from the 1976 Emmy Awards, showing how successful SNL was in the past.
Wilson, Stacey. "A Rare Glimpse Inside the Empire of 'SNL's' Lorne Michaels." The
Hollywood Reporter, 22 Apr. 2011. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.
<http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/how-snls-lorne-michaels-became179894>.

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This website provided us with a quote about the success of Lorne Michaels and
gave us information for our Origin page.