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Name:

Class:

964/3

STPM 2015
SMK BATU 8 PUCHONG
FIRST TERM TRIAL EXAMINATION
BIOLOGY
PAPER 1
One and a half hours

Instructions to candidates:
DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER
UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
Answer all questions in Section A. Marks will not be
deducted for wrong answers. For each question, four
suggested answers are given. Choose the correct
answer and circle the answer.
Answer all questions in Section B. Write your
answers in the spaces provided.
Answer any two questions in Section C. All essential
working should be shown. For numerical answers,
unit should be quoted wherever appropriate.
Begin each answer on a fresh sheet of paper and
arrange your answers in numerical order.

Sections
A

For examiners use


Questions
marks

1-15
16

17
C

This question paper consists of 9 printed pages.

Total

60

SECTION A [15MARKS]
Answer all questions in this section
1. Which of the following properties of water are important for the temperature regulation in
mammals?
I
High latent heat of vaporisation
II Highest density at 4C
III High heat capacity
IV High surface tension
A I and II
B I and III
C I and IV
D II and IV
2. Proteins can function as a buffer because
A proteins contains peptide bonds
B proteins are non-polar molecules
C proteins are soluble in water
D proteins are amphoteric molecules
3. Saturated fatty acids differ from unsaturated fatty acids in
A the presence of double covalent bond in the fatty acids
B the physical condition of the fatty acid at room temperature
C the number of oxygen atoms in the fatty acids
D the branching or linear shape of the fatty acids
4. Which of the following is correct for the components and their functions?
I
Lecithin acts as a receptor to molecules such as hormone
II Cholesterol maintain the fluid characteristic of the membrane
III Smooth endoplasmic reticulum detoxification in liver cells
IV Phloem translocation of organic products of photosynthesis
A I and II
B II and IV
C I, II and IV
D II, III and IV
5. Which of the following structure is usually found in animal cells?
I
Lysosome
II Plastids
III Microtubules
IV Centrioles
A I and II
B I and III

C
D

I and IV
I, III and IV

6. Which of the following statements are true about non-competitive inhibitors?


I
Bind temporarily on the active site of the enzyme
II Reduce the Km value only if the substrate concentration is low
III The Km value of the enzyme remains the same
IV Cyanide is the example of a non-competitive inhibitor
A I and II
B I and IV
C III and IV
D II, III and IV
7. The conformation of a protein molecule depends on several different types of bonds and
group interactions. Which of these remain intact when a protein is denatured?
A Ionic bonds
B Peptide bonds
C Hydrogen bonds
D Hydrophobic interactions
8. What are the advantages of light independent process in C4 compared to C3 plants?
I
In the bundle sheath cells, the effectiveness of RuBP carboxylase is increased
II PEP carboxylase has higher affinity towards carbon dioxide compared to RuBP
carboxylase
III The first product of the light independent process in C4 is a four carbon molecules
IV Increases photorespiration
A I and II
B I and IV
C II and III
D I, II and IV

9. The following diagram shows a scheme for the light reaction of photosynthesis.
Z
primary acceptor

H+
Y
Pq

2e-

ferredoxin

Cytochrome complex
2ePc
Photosystem
I

Photosystem
II

sunlight

2esunlight
W
Which of the following substances are represented by W, X, Y and Z in the scheme?
W
X
Y
Z
A NADP ADP
ATP
O2
B ADP
ATP
O2
NADPH
C H2O
O2
ADP NADPH
D H2O
O2
ATP NADPH
10.

What will become of all carbons from a glucose molecule after it is completely
oxidised?
A Pyruvate
B Carbohydrate
C Carbon dioxide
D Acetyl coenzyme A

11. Which of the following statements are true about anaerobic respiration in plants?
I 2 ATP are produced
II 4 ATP are produced
III The end product are ethanol and carbon dioxide
IV NADH is used in the reduction of pyruvate
A I and IV
B II and III
C II, III, and IV
D I, III and IV
12. Which of the following is a hydrogen donor in the biosynthesis of purple sulphur
bacteria and green sulphur bacteria?
A Water
B Hydrogen sulphide
C NADH
D Hydrocarbon compound
13. Which of the following is the most important function of epithelium tissue?
A Secretion
B Protection
C Absorption
D Transportation
14. The concentration of potassium ions in a red blood cells is much higher than it is in the
Surrounding blood plasma, yet potassium ions continue to move into the cell. The
process by which potassium ions move into the cell is called
A Osmosis
B Active transport
C Simple diffusion
D Facilitated diffusion
15. In the dark reaction of photosynthesis
A Water is split
B Oxygen is produces
C ATP is synthesized
D Phosphoglyceraldehyde is synthesized

Answers for objective questions


1
2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15

SECTION B (15 MARKS)


Answer all questions
16. The diagram shows cells taken from the stem of a plant. Cells A, B and C are adjacent cells
and the figures indicate the water potential of each cell.

(a)(i) Draw arrows on the diagram to show the overall direction of water movement between these
three cells.
[1 mark]
(b) The diagram below shows two plant cells, X and Y as seen through a microscope. The figures
shows the solute potential s and the pressure potential P for both cells and the water potential
for cell Y.

(i) Calculate the water potential, , of cell X. Show your working.

[1 mark]

..

(ii) State the name of the condition shown by cell Y and explain how this condition could have
arisen.
[3 marks]

(c) Cell X has the higher pressure potential P. Explain how this pressure potential is built up in
cell X.
[3 marks]

17. The diagram below shows a section through a mitochondrion as seen using an electron
microscope.

(a) Name the parts labelled A, B and C.

[2 marks]

A :..................................................
B :...............
C: ...

(b)

(i)

Use the letters on the diagram to locate the part of the mitochondrion, where

oxidative phosphorylation occur.

[1 mark]

(ii)

Explain briefly what is meant by oxidative phosphorylation.

[2 marks]

....

(c) Calculate the actual length of the mitochondrion , if the magnification is


x70000. Show your working and give your answer in suitable units.

[2 marks]

SECTION C (30MARKS)
Answer any two questions
18. (a) The main groups of lipids that are commonly found in plants and animals cell are
triglyceride, phospholipid, glycolipid and cholesterol. Describe the structure of
these lipids related to their role in cell.
[8 marks]
(b) Why mammals prefer to store lipids rather than carbohydrates.

[7 marks]

19. (a) Explain three different types of cofactors involved in enzyme catalysed reactions.
[9 marks]
(b) By using specific examples, explain the type of reaction catalysed by the enzymes from
the oxidoreductasese, ligase and lyase class of enzymes.
[6 marks]

20. (a) Explain how the dark reaction occurs in a named CAM plant
(b) By using a labelled diagram, explain the compensation point of a plant.

PREPARED BY:

CHECKED BY:

Pn. Then moli


Guru Biologi

Pn. Lourett
Ketua Unit Sains

[10 marks]
[5 marks]

VERIFIED BY:

Pn Siti Khadijah bt Abd Wahab


Penolong Kanan Pra-U

Marking Scheme
1
2
3
4
5
No
16(a)
(i)
(b)(i)
(b) (ii)

B
D
A
D
D

6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15

D
B
B
B
D

Answer
C to B to A

Mark
1

= 1000 1800
= -800kPa
Plasmolysed;
Cell in concentrated solution/low water potential/hypertonic condition
Water diffuses out
Cytoplasm/vacuole shrinks (not cell membrane comes away from
wall)

(c)

Water diffuses into cell by osmosis


Cytoplasm expands
Cell become turgid
As cytoplasm/contents push against wall
Wall inelastic/resists further expansion (not rigid)

17 (a)

A: matrix

(b)(i)
(b) (ii)

(c)

C
A?
A
D
C?

B: Cristae/inner membrane

C: Intermembrane space

1
max 2

Max 3

2
1

Electron flow through a series of electron carriers/ETS


Electron are transferred to the final electron acceptor oxygen
producing water
ATP is generated from ADP and inorganic phosphate
Length on photograph : 79mm
Actual length = observed size/ magnification
= 79 x 103 m/70 000
=1.13m

10

Max 2

1
1

11