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# AE221 Gas dynamics

(2014-15, II Semester)
Tutorial 1
1. Air is adiabatically compressed from a pressure of 300 kPa and a temperature of 27 C to
a pressure of 600 kPa and a temperature of 327 C. Is this compression actually possible?
2. A slow leak develops in a storage bottle and oxygen slowly leaks out. The volume of the
bottle is 0.1 m3 and the diameter of the hole is 0.1 mm. The initial pressure is 10 MPa and
the temperature is20 C. The oxygen escapes through the hole according to the relation
m = 0.04248 pAe / T, where m is mass flow rate (kg/s), p is the tank pressure (N/m2 )
and T is the tank temperature (K), Ae is area of the hole (m2 ). The constant 0.04248 is
based on the gas constant and the ratio of specific heats of oxygen. Assuming that the
temperature of the oxygen in the bottle does not change with time, determine the time it
takes to reduce the pressure to one half of its initial value.
3. Fluid flows through a constant area pipes as shown in Figure. What is the direction of
resultant force F on the pipe. Assume flow in invicid and uniform.

4. Determine the force F required to push the flat plate (see Figure) against the round air jet
with a velocity of 10 cm/s. The air jet velocity is 100 cm/s, with a jet diameter of 5.0 cm.
Air density is 1.2 kg/m3 .

5. The solid-propellant rocket is shown in Figure. Using a control-volume analysis for the
conditions shown in Figure, compute the rate of mass loss of the propellant and thrust
generated by the rocket, assuming that the exit gas has a molecular weight of 28. Assume
exit pressure is equal to ambient pressure.

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6. Air enters a hand held hair dryer with a velocity of 3 m/s at a temperature of 20 C and
a pressure of 101 kPa. Internal resistance heaters warm the air and it exits through an
area of 20 cm2 with a velocity of 10 m/s at a temperature of 80 C. Assume that internal
obstructions do not appreciably affect the pressure between inlet and exit and that heat
transfer to the surroundings are negligible. Determine the power in kW needed to operate
the hair dryer at steady state.
7. Air enters a compressor with a pressure of 100 kPa and a temperature 20 C; the mass
flow rate is 0.25 kg/s. Compressed air is discharged from the compressor at 800 kPa and
50 C. Inlet and exit pipe diameters are 4.0 cm. Determine the exit velocity of the air at
the compressor outlet and the compressor power required. Assume an adiabatic, steady,
flow and that the air behaves as a perfect gas with constant specific heats; c p = 1.005 kJ/kg
K and R = 0.287 kJ/kgK.
8. A velocity field and density field in Cartesian space is given as: V = Lt i and = Kte x/L ,
where L and K are constants having dimensions of length and density per time, respectively. Find the material derivative of the density .
9. Prove the following relation (where subscript 0 denotes stagnation state)
p

## (a) ds = cv ln( p12 ) + c p ln( vv21 )

02
02
(b) ds = c p ln( TT01
) R ln( PP01
)

10. Derive the Euler equation from steady flow energy equation. State the assumption clearly.

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