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Works Cited

Primary Sources
About Psychoanalysis. Rasche. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This primary source is
a series of 5 lectures given by Sigmund Freud in relation to Psychoanalysis. It
provides great insight as to what he thought and what he told to the public
and his audience and his intentions are clear. It provides information as to
what his philosophies are as well.
A Prescription Written by Sigmund Freud for Wife of Sergius Pankejeff. American
History. ABC CLIO, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This is a picture of the
prescription that Sigmund Freud wrote to the wife of Sergius Pankejeff. This
image further helps to understand the path of mind that Sigmund Freud
followed and what he included in his treatment.
"Behandlungszimmer, Sofa Detail." Behandlungszimmer, Sofa Detail. N.p., n.d.
Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a portrait of his sofa, which was widely known for
in his therapy.
Chadwyck-Healey. What's in Coca Cola? [Atlanta] June-July 1891: n. pag.History
Study Center. Web. 7 Feb. 2015. This is a primary source that shows the use
of cocaine through common products. Little was known about the serious
effects of cocaine.

"Cocaine Tooth Drops, Morphine Teething Syrup and Other Victorian Quack Cures."
The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2015. This primary
source is an image of an advertisement used to get patients to buy products
with cocaine in them.
Dreams Interpret Character. ProQuest Historical Newspapers. ProQuest, n.d. Web.
19 Oct. 2014. This newspaper article from 1915 talks about how Sigmund
Freud linked dreams to human character and recognized that dreams can
help reveal a persons true character. They reveal a persons true self, their
inner motives, their desires and other such things which they usually keep
hidden from the rest of the world. They are able to tell what a persons true
characteristics are and how they naturally are.
Dreams of the Insane Help Greatly In Their Cure. ProQuest Historical
Newspapers. ProQuest, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This newspaper article from
1913 talks about Sigmund Freuds theories in how dreams of the insane can
help with their cure. He hypothesizes about how to solve the mysteries of the
mind and how him and another doctor would work together in trying to figure
out the relationship between the two because they were almost confident
that there had to be some sort of link between the two.
"Freud Museum, London." Freud Museum, London. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
This website has the virtual museum of the real life Freud Museum in the UK.

Freud, Sigmund, and James Strachey. The Interpretation of Dreams. New York:
Basic, 1953. 23 Feb. 2010. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. This was a book that Sigmund
Freud wrote. It was one of his most famous, and important books on dreams.
Freud, Sigmund, and M. D. Eder. Dream Psychology; Psychoanalysis for Beginners.
New York: James A. McCann, 1920. Print. This is a primary source. It was
written by Sigmund Freud himself. He talks about dreams and how they
relate to psychology.
Friedman, Lawrence J., and James Carney. "Erik Erikson." N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Feb.
2015. We used this source as a primary source. It is an image of Erik Erikson.
"The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud." Freud Psychoanalysis. N.p., 16
Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This website is used as a primary source
because it has pictures of Sigmund Freud's book , The Interpretation of
Dreams
Jones, Ernest, Lionel Trilling, and Steven Marcus. The Life and Works of Sigmund
Freud. Garden City: Anchor , Doubleday, 1963. Print. This is a primary source.
I used this book for actual pictures of Freud, his family, and his pictures of his
studies and his therapy room.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is one of the articles that Sigmund Freud wrote about
issues in masochism.

"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a something written by Freud about narcissism and the
role that it plays.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a letter from Freud to Wilhelm Fliess on the Dora Case.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a picture of Sigmund and Anna Freud on vacation.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a picture of Sigmund, his three sisters, and his mother
at his father's grave.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a picture of Sigmund and his mother in Vienna.
"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This is a primary source is of Sigmund Freud's birth certificate.

"Official Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress." Official
Web Site of the Sigmund Freud Archives | Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Dec. 2014. This source has a lot of the antiquities that Sigmund Freud
owned.
Prochnik, George. "Freuds Family Tree." The New York Times. The New York Times,
19 Jan. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. A picture from a conference at Clark
University with Sigmund Freud and all of his colleagues.
Sigmund Freud Conflict and Culture. www.loc.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov.
2014. This website has many primary sources about Sigmund Freud.
There is a speech he wrote to BBC Radio during the end of his life.
Sigmund Freud (right) and his theories greatly impacted the study of
psychology and how... Opposing Viewpoints in Context. N.p., n.d. Web.
2 Nov. 2014. This is a photo of Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud: The Interpretation of Dreams. ABC-CLIO eBook Collection. ABC
CLIO, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This source is an excerpt from a speech written
by and said by Sigmund Freud himself. He included many of the things he
says in his books as well. It gives a great insight on what his thoughts were
and what he did with his ideas because the speech was given by he himself.
"Sigmund Freud." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb.
2015. This primary source is an image of Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud. Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. American History. ABCCLIO, 2014. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
"[Sigmund Freud and His Wife, Martha (Bernays), Three-quarter Length Portrait,
Facing Left]." [Sigmund Freud and His Wife, Martha (Bernays), Three-quarter
Length Portrait, Facing Left]. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a portrait
of Sigmund Freud and his wife.
"Sigmund Freud Speaks: The Only Known Recording of His Voice, 1938." Open
Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a piece of Sigmund Freud's
broadcast about himself. It is also primary because there is a picture of his
speech he wrote before his BBC radio interview speech.
Simplypsychology.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2014. We used this source as a
primary source, as well as secondary because there were pictures of
Sigmund Freud and his followers.
"[Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite: Sigmund Freud and His Wife, Martha, Head-andshoulders Portrait, Facing Right, and Martha, Head-and-shoulders Portrait,
Facing Right]." [Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite: Sigmund Freud and His
Wife, Martha, Head-and-shoulders Portrait, Facing Right, and Martha, Headand-shoulders Portrait, Facing Right]. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a
portrait of Sigmund Freud and his wife.
"[Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite: Martha Freud, Three-quarter Length Portrait,
Seated, Facing Right, Holding Hat on Her Lap, and Half-length, Standing,

Facing Front with Her Sister, Minna Bernays, Three-quarter Length, Seated,
Facing Right, Holding Hat on Her Lap]." [Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite:
Martha Freud, Three-quarter Length Portrait, Seated, Facing Right, Holding
Hat on Her Lap, and Half-length, Standing, Facing Front with Her Sister,
Minna Bernays, Three-quarter Length, Seated, Facing Right, Holding Hat on
Her Lap]. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a portrait of Sigmund Freud
and his wife.
"[Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite: Martha Freud, Head-and-shoulders Portrait,
Facing Left (Sept. 1884), and Head-and-shoulders Portrait, Facing Slightly Left
(June 1885)]." [Two Portraits on Cartes De Visite: Martha Freud, Head-andshoulders Portrait, Facing Left (Sept. 1884), and Head-and-shoulders Portrait,
Facing Slightly Left (June 1885)]. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a
portrait of Sigmund Freud and his wife.
WHAT CAUSES SLIPS OF THE TONGUE? WHY DO WE FORGET? ProQuest Historical
Newspapers. ProQuest, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This source is a newspaper
article from 1914. It talks about what causes slips of the tongue and reasons
why we forget. These were two topics which were heavily researched and
talked about by Sigmund Freud, therefore this article provided great insight
as to what he thought about these things and different reasons and
explanations that he had as to why these things happened.
Secondary Sources

"Abstracts of The Standard Edition of the Complete ... . - Full View | HathiTrust
Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library." Abstracts of The Standard Edition
of the Complete ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital
Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a book based on Sigmund Freud
and his psychoanalytical works.
Austin, Susan. Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939). Oxford Dictionary Of National
Biography. 2010. N. pag. Oxford. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This is source is a very
long, detailed biography ,including many informative facts about his life,
treatment, psychoanalysis and neurology.
BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is a BBC radio interview which talks
about Sigmund Freud, what he did, and his legacy.
Cordon, Luis A. Freud's World an Encyclopedia of His Life and times. Santa
Barbara, CA:
Greenwood, 2012. Print. This is a secondary source. This
encyclopedia helps sort out the
important facts of his lifetime and his discoveries. I found key
individuals that helped

build up Freud's leadership and

legacy.
"Brain Animation." Brain Animation. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This is an
image used to show the barin

"Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria." - Modernism Lab Essays. N.p., n.d.


Web. 12 Dec. 2014. We used this source to show controversy between
Freud's findings and the legacy he left behind.
"Eriksons Stages of Psychosocial Development." N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Feb.
2015.We used this secondary source to show Erickson's eight stages of
his personality theory. It is an image.
Frances, Allen. Psychoanalysis. World Book Student. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov.
2014. This source goes more into depth on psychoanalysis, Freuds
theories and his way of treatment.
"Freud." Freud. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This is the translation for
Sigmund Freud's interview, which was on BBC.
Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939). The New Book of Popular Science. N.p., n.d.
Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This source is a biography about Freuds life,
including a picture. He helped to revolutionize childrens education and
psychiatry through his research.
Friedman, Lawrence J., and James Carney. "Erik Erikson." N.p., n.d. Web. 7
Feb. 2015. We used this source as a secondary source. It gives
information on Erik Erikson, a psychoanalyst who followed in Freud's
footsteps. He studied Neo Freudian theories.

Fromm, Erich. Sigmund Freud's Mission; an Analysis of His Personality and


Influence. New York: Harper, 1959. Print. This book was extremely useful
in helping with the specific and detailed information about Sigmund
Freud's important concepts and theories.
Gillam, Scott. Sigmund Freud: Famous Neurologist. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub.,
2012. Print. This is a secondary source. We used this book to gain
insightful knowledge on Freud's achievements and his accomplishments.
Goleman, Daniel. Do Freudian Slips Betray a Darker, Hidden Meaning? New
York Times 27 Nov. 1984: n. pag. ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This is a
newspaper published in 1984. It talks about Freudian Slips and how
even after Freuds death, his terminology is still relevant.
"Great Moravia." SlovakRepublicorg RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. The
website provided a map of all the relevant locations pertaining to
Sigmund Freud.
Gold, Sylviane. "Debates on the Existence of the Divine." The New York
Times. The New York Times, 15 Nov. 2014. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This
source talks about the controversial things that arise with Freud's
theories.
"Hall: A Cognitive Theory of Dream Symbols." Hall: A Cognitive Theory of
Dream Symbols. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This source told me
universal symbols on Freud's interpretation of dreams.

"Id Ego Superego | Simply Psychology." Id Ego Superego | Simply Psychology.


N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2015. This website really helped us understand
the id, ego, and superego. It covered the basics of the concepts.
"James Newton Howard - Central Park (Music Video)." YouTube. YouTube, n.d.
Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This was the audio that was used at the beginning
of the website on the title page.
Jones, Ernest. The Life and Works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 1. New York: Basic,
1953. Print. We used this secondary source to gather information on
Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis and historical evolution.
Jones, Ernest, Lionel Trilling, and Steven Marcus. The Life and Works of
Sigmund Freud. Garden City: Anchor , Doubleday, 1963. Print.
This is a secondary source. This book gave me valuable facts about
Sigmund Freud's early life, his conceptual theories and his own Self
analysis.
Kalb, Claudia. What Dreams Are Made Of. Newsweek. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov.
2014. This source is showing controversy between Freuds theories on
dreaming and the unconscious mind.
Kantrowitz, Barbara, and Karen Springen. The Mystery of Dreams. Sirs
Discoverer: n. pag. Print. This source is an article that talks about how
humans dream and why they dream the way they do. It talks about the

reasons behind dreaming and the significance of them in peoples actual


lives. This was an extremely helpful source in that it described Sigmund
Freuds concepts in other words and from a different viewpoint.
Kramer, Peter D. Freud: Inventor of the Modern Mind. New York: Atlas, 2006. Print.
We used this secondary source to gather relevant information about Freud's
studies such as "chimney sweeping"
Krull, Kathleen, and Boris Kulikov. Sigmund Freud. New York: Viking, 2006.
Print.
This is a secondary source. We used this source for valuable facts and
information about Freud's life. We also found previous beliefs about the
mind by the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
Richard, Lange A., and David L. Hillis. "Cardiovascular Complications of
Cocaine Use." Escience. N.p., 2 Aug. 2001. Web. 7 Feb. 2015. We used
this secondary source to gather information on the effects of cocaine.
Sigmund Freud first began experimenting with cocaine in the late 19th
century.
Makari, George. Revolution in Mind: The Creation of Psychoanalysis. New
York: HarperCollins, 2008. Print. This was the book written by George
Makari. It was written about psychology and about Sigmund Freud and
the role he played in everything.

Makari, George, Dr. "George Makari on Sigmund Freud." Telephone interview. 8


Dec. 2014. This is a secondary source. We conducted an interview with Dr.
George Makari, who explained how Freud left a lasting legacy on future
generations. We asked questions about his book which was written about
Sigmund Freud.
"National Institute of Mental Health - Organization - The NIH Almanac - National
Institutes of Health (NIH)." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National
Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. This source is an official website
that talks about all the different types of health related topics that relate to
Sigmund Freud and why it is that way.
"On Sigmund Freud: Psychobiography with Dr. Gail Saltz and George Makari."
YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This video is an interview in which
George Makari talks about Sigmund Freud and everything about him in a lot of
depth.
"Part 5: Section 2: FREUDIAN DREAM THEORY." Part 5: Section 2: FREUDIAN DREAM
THEORY. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This is a secondary source that we
used to prove common misconceptions about Freud's theories.
Prochnik, George. "Freuds Family Tree." The New York Times. The New York Times,
19 Jan. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. This article talks about George Makari's
book about Sigmund Freud and his contribution to psychology. It talks about
his family and what he did, etc.

"Profile." Karen Horney. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This source was used to
gather information on Karen Horney, a feminist psychoanalyst who helped
continue Freud's legacy.
"Propranolol and the Prevention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Is It Wrong to
Erase the Sting of Bad Memories?." Taylor & Francis. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec.
2014. We used this source to show how Freud revolutionized the world of
medicine and improving the treatment of mental illness patients. A drug
called Propranolol was created to help reduce PTSD's effects.
Psychoanalysis. Britannica. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print. This source provided a
lot of background information as to who Sigmund Freud was, where he came
from, and what he did. It informs the reader about some of the reasons as to
why he did the things that he did and why he thought the way that he did. It
is a basic biography of Sigmund Freud.
"PTSD: National Center for PTSD." Prolonged Exposure Therapy -. N.p., n.d. Web.
13 Dec. 2014. We used this secondary source to show new treatments for
PTSD. Sigmund Freud worked to help patients with mental illnesses after the
first World War.
Ramasamy, Jayaprakash, Shanmugiah Arumugam, and Jaiganesh Thamizh.
Atypical delusional content in a case of persistent delusional disorder: Freud
revisited. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine: n. pag. Print. This source
is an article written by three Indian authors. It discusses about the delusional

disorders and how Sigmund Freud came up with theories about all of the
possible cause and effects of these things. It talks about his results, analysis,
what it means, and how it was used.
Raskin, Molly Knight. The Idea That Wouldnt Die. eLibrary Science. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This source talks about case studies performed
that involved Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy.
"Resources for Each Topic in Personality." Resources for Each Topic in
Personality. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. I used this source to find a
diagram on the Id, Ego, and Super Ego. It shows how Freud compares
the unconscious mind to an iceberg.
"Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National
Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This secondary source is
an abstract describing a follower after Sigmund Freud.
Roth, Michael. Freudian analysis; The Death of Sigmund Freud The Legacy of
His Last Days; Mark Edmundson; Bloomsbury: 288 pp., $25.95: [HOME
EDITION]. ProQuest. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This is a general
biography of Sigmund Freuds life and how he came to be. It helps
explain his reasoning for his research.
"Sexual Masochism." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This is a
secondary source used to obtain information n Freud's theory of
Masochism. It is a basic summary.

Sigmund Freud Biography. ABC-CLIO eBook Collection. ABC CLIO, n.d. Web. 19
Oct. 2014. This source provided a lot of information about Sigmund Freuds
theories and thoughts. It includes many of the ideas that he developed and
the things he thought of. It also includes many significant details about his
life which are not mentioned in many other sources. The information is very
detail oriented.
"Sigmund Freud Documentary." YouTube. YouTube, 24 June 2013. Web. 14 Dec.
2014. We used this secondary source for multimedia. It is a documentary
that explains the history behind mental patients, and also Freud's legacy.
"Sigmund Freud Museum." - VIENNA NOW OR NEVER. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec.
2014. This source shows the legacy Freud left behind. He has dramatically
impacted the world, that now there a museum dedicated to him.
Sigmund Freud: The Interpretation of Dreams (1900). World History
Modern Solutions. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. This is a secondary
source. This source goes in depth about Sigmund Freuds studies about
dreams and the specifics on interpreting them.
Simplypsychology.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2014. This is a secondary
source. It has a variety of information on Sigmund Freuds life, studies
and research.
Stein, Rob. "Is Every Memory Worth Keeping?" Washington Post. The
Washington Post, 9 Oct. 2004. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. We used this source

to show Freud's legacy. Freud worked to help mental illness patients.


Now there a new improvements upon PTSD.
"Talk Therapy Can Be Potent Medicine." Well Talk Therapy Can Be Potent
Medicine Comments. N.p., 01 July 2010. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This source
talks about how talk therapy is very good and can help with a lot of
things.
Teen Suicide. CQ Researcher Online. CQ Press, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This
source is an article written about teen suicide. It discusses Sigmund Freuds
theories about human character and why people do the things that they do
and what causes them to act a certain way. Sigmund Freud spent a lot of
time observing and theorizing about the youth brain and this article talks
about some of the aspects of what he theorized.
"Watch Now: PBS NewsHour | Cocaine: How 'Miracle Drug' Nearly Destroyed
Sigmund... | PBS Video." PBS Video. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. This video
talks about Sigmund Freud's cocaine addiction during the time when he was
researching about the talking therapy.
Weiten, Wayne, and Wayne Weiten. Psychology Themes and Variations.
Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2007. Print.
This is a secondary source. This source provides information on Freud's
theory on repression and the structure of personality.

Why Do We Dream. SIRS Discoverer. SIRS, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. This source is
an article which is about why we dream. The author is referencing to
Sigmund Freud multiple times throughout the article and therefore it can be
concluded that he actually hypothesized many of the things that scientists
and doctors have figured out and proven to be correct over the past years.
"Wolf Man - From the History of an Infantile Neurosis by Sigmund Freud."Freud
Psychoanalysis. N.p., 11 Feb. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. This was a case
study conducted by Sigmund Freud. It gave us information on how Freud
used his interpretation of dreams to treat patients.
Worsnop, Richard L. Eating Disorders. CQ Researcher Online. N.p., n.d.
Web. 2 Nov. 2014.
This source is a secondary source. Its an article on Eating disorders and
the affects they have on women. It is important to find out where these
disorders originate from. Using psychotherapy, or the talking therapy,
which was Sigmund Freuds theory, patients with eating disorders talk
about their repressed feelings and emotions.
Yorke, Clifford. "Freud, Anna 1895 1982." N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Feb. 2015. This
secondary source was used to provide information on Anna Freud who
followed in her father, Sigmund's footsteps.