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Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

9702/01

PHYSICS

Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2003

1 hour

Additional Materials:

Soft clean eraser

Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

Write in soft pencil.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided

unless this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible

answers A, B, C, and D.

Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.

Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

SP (SLC/JG) S46444/4

UCLES 2003

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2

Data

speed of light in free space,

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

the Avogadro constant,

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

k = 1.38 10 23 J K 1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

g = 9.81 m s 2

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Formulae

uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut + at 2

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

W = p V

= Gm

gravitational potential,

2x

a=

v = v0 cos t

v = (x 20 x 2)

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

electric potential,

Q

40r

V=

capacitors in series,

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

W=

QV

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

radioactive decay,

x = x0 exp( t )

decay constant,

Nm 2

<c >

V

0.693

t

3H02

0 =

equation of continuity,

Av = constant

Stokes law,

Reynolds number,

drag force in turbulent flow,

8G

p1 + v12 = 2 + v22

F = Ar v

Re =

vr

F = Br 2v 2

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4

1

A

acceleration

mass

momentum

velocity

The unit of work, the joule, may be defined as the work done when the point of application of a

force of 1 newton is moved a distance of 1 metre in the direction of the force.

Express the joule in terms of the base units of mass, length and time, the kg, m and s.

A

kg m1 s2

kg m2 s2

kg m2 s1

kg s2

Two forces, each of 10 N, act at a point P as shown in the diagram. The angle between the

directions of the forces is 120.

10 N

120

10 N

P

What is the magnitude of the resultant force?

A

5N

10 N

17 N

20 N

Which experimental technique reduces the systematic error of the quantity being investigated?

A

measuring several internodal distances on a standing wave to find the mean internodal

distance

A student makes measurements from which she calculates the speed of sound as 327.66 m s1.

She estimates that her result is accurate to 3 %.

Which of the following gives her result expressed to the appropriate number of significant figures?

A

327.7 m s1

328 m s1

330 m s1

300 m s1

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6

A steel rule can be read to the nearest millimetre. It is used to measure the length of a bar whose

true length is 895 mm. Repeated measurements give the following readings.

length / mm

to within 1 mm

to within 1 mm

no

no

no

yes

yes

no

yes

yes

u

What will be the vertical and horizontal components of its velocity after a time t ?

Assume that air resistance is negligible. The acceleration of free fall is g.

vertical component

horizontal component

u sin

u cos

u sin gt

u cos gt

u sin gt

u cos

u cos

u sin gt

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8

The graph of velocity against time for an object moving in a straight line is shown.

velocity

time

displacement

A

0

time

time

time

time

displacement

B

0

displacement

C

0

displacement

D

0

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9

A ball is released from rest above a horizontal surface. The graph shows the variation with time of

its velocity.

1st

impact

2nd

impact

velocity

3rd

impact

Y

0

time

release

ball

falling

ball

rising

ball

falling

ball ball

rising falling

This is because

A

the balls acceleration is the same during its upward and downward motion.

the speed at which the ball leaves the surface after an impact is equal to the speed at which it

returns to the surface for the next impact.

for one impact, the speed at which the ball hits the surface equals the speed at which it leaves

the surface.

the ball rises and falls through the same distance between impacts.

10 Two blocks X and Y, of masses m and 3m respectively, are accelerated along a smooth horizontal

surface by a force F applied to block X as shown.

What is the magnitude of the force exerted by block X on block Y during this acceleration?

A

F

4

F

3

F

2

3F

4

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11 A car with front-wheel drive accelerates in the direction shown.

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front wheels?

A

12 A ball of mass 2 kg travelling at 8 m s1 strikes a ball of mass 4 kg travelling at 2 m s1. Both balls

are moving along the same straight line as shown.

8 m s1

2 kg

2 m s1

4 kg

2 kg

4 kg

What is the magnitude of the velocity v?

A

4 m s1

5 m s1

6 m s1

8 m s1

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13 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

30 N

20 N

20 N

30 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant force

resultant torque

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

14 A balloon is acted upon by three forces, weight, upthrust and sideways force due to the wind, as

shown in the diagram.

upthrust

10 000 N

sideways force

500 N

weight

9000 N

What is the vertical component of the resultant force on the balloon?

A

500 N

1000 N

10 000 N

10 500 N

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15 A ball falls from rest through air and eventually reaches a constant velocity.

For this fall, forces X and Y vary with time as shown.

force X

force Y

time

time

force X

force Y

air resistance

resultant force

air resistance

weight

upthrust

resultant force

upthrust

weight

A

force x velocity

17 A weight W hangs from a trolley that runs along a rail. The trolley moves horizontally through a

distance p and simultaneously raises the weight through a height q.

trolley

rail

Y

X

weight W

As a result, the weight moves through a distance r from X to Y. It starts and finishes at rest.

How much work is done on the weight during this process?

A

Wp

W(p + q)

Wq

Wr

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18 A motorist travelling at 10 m s1 can bring his car to rest in a distance of 10 m.

If he had been travelling at 30 m s1, in what distance could he bring the car to rest using the same

braking force?

A

17 m

30 m

52 m

90 m

19 A suspended copper wire is gradually loaded until it is stretched just beyond the elastic limit, and it

is then gradually unloaded.

Which graph (with arrows indicating the sequence) best illustrates the variation of the tensile

stress with longitudinal strain?

A

stress

stress

stress

0

0

strain

D

stress

0

0

strain

0

0

strain

strain

Atmospheric pressure is p0 and the child is capable of lowering the pressure at the top of the straw

by 10%. The acceleration of free fall is g.

What is the maximum length of straw that would enable the child to drink the liquid?

p0

9p0

p0

10p0

A

B

C

D

10g

10g

g

g

21 What is the ultimate tensile stress of a material?

A

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22 A beam, the weight of which may be neglected, is supported by three identical springs. When a

weight W is hung from the middle of the beam, the extension of each spring is x.

original position

of the beam

x

W

The middle spring and the weight are removed.

What is the extension when a weight of 2W is hung from the middle of the beam?

A

3x

2

4x

3

2x

3x

A

displacement

Y

distance along

the wave

A

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25 Electromagnetic waves of wavelength and frequency f travel at speed c in a vacuum.

Which of the following describes the wavelength and speed of electromagnetic waves of

frequency f / 2?

wavelength

speed in a

vacuum

/2

c/2

/2

2c

26 A sound wave is displayed on the screen of a cathode-ray oscilloscope. The time base of the c.r.o.

is set at 2.5 ms / cm.

1 cm

What is the frequency of the sound wave?

A

50 Hz

100 Hz

200 Hz

400 Hz

27 When the light from two lamps falls on a screen, no interference pattern can be obtained.

Why is this?

A

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28 A diffraction grating is used to measure the wavelength of monochromatic light, as shown in the

diagram.

grating

70.0

monochromatic

light

The spacing of the slits in the grating is 1.00 x 106 m. The angle between the first order diffraction

maxima is 70.0.

What is the wavelength of the light?

A

287 nm

470 nm

574 nm

940 nm

29 What physical quantity would result from a calculation in which a potential difference is multiplied

by an electric charge?

A

electric current

electric energy

electric power

30 The current in a component is reduced uniformly from 100 mA to 20 mA over a period of 8.0 s.

What is the charge that flows during this time?

A

160 mC

320 mC

480 mC

640 mC

31 The sum of the electrical currents into a point in a circuit is equal to the sum of the currents out of

the point.

Which of the following is correct?

A

This is Kirchhoffs first law, which results from the conservation of charge.

This is Kirchhoffs first law, which results from the conservation of energy.

This is Kirchhoffs second law, which results from the conservation of charge.

This is Kirchhoffs second law, which results from the conservation of energy.

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32 The e.m.f. of the cell in the following circuit is 9.0 V. The reading on the high-resistance voltmeter

is 7.5 V.

V

15

A

0.1 A

0.5 A

0.6 A

2.0 A

10 k

6 k

Y

6 k

10 k

A

4 k

8 k

16 k

32 k

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34 The diagram shows a potential divider connected to a 9.0 V supply of negligible internal

resistance.

10 k

P

9.0 V

50 k

Q

What range of voltages can be obtained between P and Q?

A

zero to 1.5 V

zero to 7.5 V

1.5 V to 7.5 V

1.5 V to 9.0 V

35 An electric field exists in the space between two charged metal plates.

+

X

Y

Which of the following graphs shows the variation of electric field strength E with distance d from X

along the line XY?

A

0

d

0

d

0

d

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36 The diagram shows two metal plates P and Q between which there is a potential difference of

700 V. Plate Q is earthed.

700 V

plate P

5 mm

plate Q

A

37 A positive charge and a negative charge of equal magnitude are placed a short distance apart.

Which diagram best represents the associated electric field?

A

38 In what way do the atoms of the isotopes 126C, 136C and 146C differ?

A

different charge

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18

39 Strontium- 90 (90

38Sr) is radioactive and emits -particles.

Which equation could represent this nuclear decay?

A

90Sr

38

0

90

39Sr + 1

90Sr

38

0

90

39Y + 1

90Sr

38

0

90

37Rb + 1

90Sr

38

0

90

37Sr + 1

40 Protons and neutrons are thought to consist of smaller particles called quarks.

The up quark has a charge of 2 e : a down quark has a charge of 1 e, where e is the

3

3

19

elementary charge (+1.6 x 10 C).

How many up quarks and down quarks must a proton contain?

up quarks

down quarks

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BLANK PAGE

9702/01/M/J/03

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20

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