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Pope Francis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Papa Francisco" redirects here. For the sports club, see Club Deportivo Papa Francisco.



Native name
Papacy began

Spanish: Francisco
13 March 2013
Benedict XVI

13 December 1969
by Ramn Jos Castellano
27 June 1992
by Antonio Quarracino
21 February 2001
Created Cardinal
by John Paul II
Personal details
Birth name
Jorge Mario Bergoglio
17 December 1936 (age 78)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Domus Sanctae Marthae
Previous post
Provincial superior of theSociety of Jesus in Argentina(19731979)
Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (19921997)
Titular Bishop of Auca (19921997)

Archbishop of Buenos Aires(19982013)

Cardinal-Priest of San Roberto Bellarmino (20012013)
Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in
Argentina (19982013)
President of the Argentine Episcopal Conference (20052011)
Miserando atque Eligendo[a]

Coat of arms

Papal styles of

Pope Francis

Reference style His Holiness

Spoken style
Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; born Jorge Mario
Bergoglio,[b] 17 December 1936) is pope of the Catholic Church, a title he
holds ex officio for being the Bishop of Rome, in which capacity he is also the
absolutesovereign of the Vatican City State.
Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bergoglio worked briefly as a chemical
technician and nightclub bouncer before beginning seminary studies.[2] He was
ordained a Catholic priest in 1969 and from 1973 to 1979 was
Argentina'sProvincial superior of the Society of Jesus. He became
the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created acardinal in 2001
by Pope John Paul II.
Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal
conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. He chose Francis as
his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. Francis is the firstJesuit pope,
the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the
first non-European pope since the Syrian Gregory III in 741, 1,272 years earlier.

Holy Week

Throughout his public life, both as an individual and as a religious leader, Pope

Francis has been noted for his humility, his concern for the poor and his
commitment to dialogue as a way to build bridges between people of all
backgrounds, beliefs and faiths.[4][5][6] He is known for having a simpler and
less formal approach to the papacy, most notably by choosing to reside in
the Domus Sanctae Marthae guesthouse rather than the papal apartments of
the Apostolic Palace used by his predecessors. In addition, due to both his
Jesuit and Ignatian aesthetic,[7] he is known for favoring simpler vestments void
of ornamentation, including refusing the traditional papal mozzetta cape upon
his election, choosing silver instead of gold for his piscatory ring, and keeping
the same pectoral cross he had when he was cardinal.[8][9] Francis has said
that gay people should not be marginalized but maintained the Church's
teaching against homosexual acts;[10] as a cardinal, he opposed same-sex
marriage in Argentina[11] and elsewhere.[12][13][14][15][16][17][18]In addition, he
maintains that he is a "son of the Church" regarding loyalty to Church doctrine,
has spoken against abortion as "horrific",[19] and suggested that women be
valued, but not clericalized.[20] Summarily Pope Francis reiterates that "It is
absurd to say you follow Jesus Christ but reject the Church."[21][22]
Accordingly, he urged Bishop Charles J. Scicluna of Malta to speak out against
adoption by same-sex couples,[23][24]maintained that Catholics
who remarry following divorce may not receive the Eucharist,
[25] and excommunicated a former Catholic priest for
Eucharistic sacrilege and heretical views.[26][27] He emphasized the Christian
obligation to assist the poor and the needy, and promoted peace
negotiations and interfaith dialogue.[6][28][29][30][31] Pope Francis has also
announced a zero-tolerance policy towards sex abuse in the Church, saying
that sex abuse was "as bad as performing a satanic mass."[32][33][34]