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DigitalMicroForce2Manual

ver.1.3

PrestonCinemaSystems1659EleventhStreetSantaMonica,CA90404


fig.1.DigitalMicroForce2controldescriptions

LEMO receptacle
Camera
Run
Switch

Threaded well
for bracket
Set zoom
limits

Reset
zoom
limits

Zap Switch
Set soft
stop limits
Zoom
Sensitivity
display
Motor
Direction

Joystick
Calibrate
lens end
stops

Zoom Bargraph
position indicator

Zoom marking strip


Zoom
Sensitivity
adjustment
knob

fig.2 Microforce controlwithPanArmAdapteraccessoryp/n1155forand17mmpanbars.

DigitalMicroforce2

1. Introduction.ThenewDigitalMicroforce2buildsuponthesamerobustforcesensortechnology
whichmadetheMicroForceanindustrystandard.TheDigitalMicroforce2featuresautomaticlens
calibration,electroniclimitsetting,andabrightLEDbargraphdisplayofzoomposition.Thislatest
versionaddsprogrammablesoftstopsandanewspeedcontrolknobwithadigitalreadout.

Theruggedhousing,machinedfromsolidaluminumalloy,protectsthecontrolfrommechanical
abuseandassuresyearsofreliableoperation.Itsergonomicdesignprovidesaroundedgripfor
comfortablealldayuseandalsooffersaconvenientattachmentpointforitsmatingPanArm
adapter.Thenewspeedcontrolknobisvirtuallyindestructible.Itturnswithglassysmoothnessthat
reflectsonthecarefuldesignusedthroughout.

TheunitcandrivetheDM1X,DM2orDM4digitalmotors.Itspowerfuldrivecapabilityassures
troublefreeoperationwitheventhelargestzoomlenses.Motorconnectionismadeviaaseriesof
molded"Y"cables.ThesecablesareavailableforbothfilmandvideocamerasandallowtheDigital
Microforce2toremotelycontrolthecamerarun/stoporVTRfunctionsrespectively.

TheDigitalMicroforce2alsosuppliestheanalogcommandsignalforcontrollingthezoomchannel
oftheFI+Zsystem,theinternalservosofvideolenses,ortheRadioMicroForcewirelessmodule.

2. PowerConnections.TheMicroForcemaybepoweredusingthefollowingtypesofcables:

a. "Y"Cables:(productseries1200)forspecificfilmandvideocameras.MicroForcepoweris
drawndirectlyfromtheaccessorysocketonthecamera.
b. VideoCablesforCanonandFujinon.Powerisdrawnfromthe12or20pinHiroseconnector
onthelens.
c. Zoomcables(4545,4445)forusewiththeFI+Zsystem.
d. Auxiliarypowercables(productseries11281130)maybeusedinconjunctionwith"Y"
cablestopowerthecontroldirectlyfromabattery.

3. Powerrequirements.TheMicroForceoperatesoveravoltagerangeof1130VDC(max).Idle
currentis55mAat24VDCor95mAat12VDC.Themaximumcurrentdrawnunderstalledmotor
conditionsis1.2A@24V(typ.)or2.4Aat12V.Theactualcurrentrequirementisproportionaltothe
operatingtorqueandthecurrentlimitsetonthecircuitboard.
4. OperatingProcedures.CAUTION.Themotorwillstartrotationassoonaspowerisappliedtothe
unit.Makesureyourhandisclearofthemovinggear!
a. AttachtheDM1,DM1X,DM2,orDM4Xmotortothematteboxsupportrodsusinga
19mmmotorswingarm(productseries4300)withastepdownbushingfor15mmor.625"
rodsifrequired.Makecertainthattherodsaresecuredagainstrotation.UsetheArrior
PanavisionBridge(4304,4311)toprevent15mmor.625"rodsfromtwisting.
b. Positionthemotorsothatitsgearteethareengagedwiththecorrespondingteethonthe
zoomringofthelens.Auxiliarygears(productseries4231,4240,4241)areavailableto
enablethemotortodriveeitherPanavision48DPgearingor.50m/.60mgearsforCanon
andFujinonvideolenses.

c. Checkthatthegearsaremeshedjusttightlyenoughtoeliminateanyplaybutnotsotightly
astocausethegearstojam.
d. ConnecttheMicroforce2toitspowersource.ThegreenLEDpowerindicatorshouldbe
illuminated.
e. Themotorwillcalibratebyfindingthemechanicalendstopsofthelens.Duringthisphase
themotorcurrentislimitedtoalowvaluesoasnottoapplyexcessiveforcetothelens.The
bargraphindicationwillremaindarkuntilthisoperationiscompleted.
f. Afterfindingtheendstopsofthelens,themotorstopsandthebargraphindicatorwilllight
indicatingthepositionofthezoomsetting.
g. Thezoomspeedanddirectioncannowbecontrolledbyapplyingpressureonthered
joystickbutton.

5. ControlFunctions.
a. TheMaximumspeed/ZoomSensitivitycontrolislocatedatthebottomofthecontrol.The
adjustmentrangeis8turnsoftheZoomSensitivityknobwithacorrespondingrangeofthe
digitaldisplayfrom099.
b. Thezoomspeedanddirectioniscontrolledbyapplyingfingerpressuretotheredjoystick
knobeithertowardsthetoporbottomofthecontrol.
b. TheDirectionswitchreversesthemotorrotation.
c. TheCameraRunswitchhas3positions;centerOff,ToggleOn(awayfromthejoystick)and
MomentaryOntowardsthejoystick).TheToggleOnpositionisforcamerasrequiringa
continuoussignaltorun(i.e.Arri12V,Panavision,Aaton),whiletheMomentaryOnisfor
camerasrequiringashortpulsetochangefromruntostop(i.e.Arri24V,Moviecam,Sony,
REDdigital).
d. TheZapswitchsetsthecontroltomaximumspeed.Pressingthismomentaryswitchallows
thelenstobereturnedquicklytopositiondespitealowmaximumspeedsetting.
e. TheSetbuttonisusedtosetlimitstothezoomrange.Tosetlimits,positionthelenstothe
firstlimitusingthejoystick.WhiledepressingtheSetbutton,pressonthejoysticktomove
thelenstotheotherdesiredlimit.Releasethebutton.Nowthelenswillstopattheselimits.
Usethebargraphdisplaytofeatherthemoveasthelimitisapproached.TheResetbutton
erasesthelimits.
f. TheLensCalbuttoninitiatesthecalibrationprocedure.
g. Thesoftstopfunctionautomaticallyslowsthezoommotorasitapproachestheendstops.
ThepointwheredecelerationbeginsisprogrammedbypressingtheSoftStopswitch(fig.3
below)andsettingthedecelerationdistancebypressingthejoystickupordown.Thelit
areaofthebargraphshowstherelativedistanceoverwhichdecelerationtakesplace.
ReleasetheSoftStopswitchtoresumenormalbargraphdisplayoperation.


Fig.3Settingthesoftstopdistance

6.TroubleshootingGuide

Problem
a Powerlightisoff.

Action

Checkpowersource.IsbatteryOK?Ispowerpresentataccessory
socket?Checkunitwithauxiliarypowercable.Thethermalfusemay
haveopened.Removepowerfor1minute.

b Motorstopsduring Isthegearmeshtootight?Doesthelensbind?Checkthatthemotor
calibration
bracketdoesn'tmoveandthatpostthroughthemotoristight.
Isthemotorjammed?Checkoperationwithmotordecoupledfrom
lensgear.Presstheresetbuttonandrecalibratethelens.

CheckthesettingoftheSpeedControl.Wasthesetbuttonpressed
c Powerlightison
inadvertentlywithoutmovingthezoomposition?Thiswillresultin
butthezoom
havingthetwolimitsnexttooneanotherthespanwillbezeroand
motordoesn't
thelenswon'tmove!Presstheresetbuttontoclearanylimitstops.
move.
Checkthatalltheconnectorsarefirmlyseated

d ZoomMotorcreeps SeeserviceguideSection7.iv.3.

withnopressure
appliedtothe
joystick

7. TechnicalInformationandServiceGuide

i. LEMO14pinout.
TypeEGG2B314
1. Power
2. Gnd
3. MomentaryRun(inverse)
4. Run
5. Run(inverse)
6. Vrefinput
7.
ZoomCommandoutput
8.
MotorPlugged(inverse)
9.
EncoderChannelB
10.
EncoderChannelA
11.
EncoderGND
12.
+5V
13.
MotorDriveA
14.
MotorDriveB

ii. DM1,DM2LEMOpinoutsLEMOtypeEGG1B307(receptacle)

1. MotorDriveB
6
1
2. MotorDriveA
7
3. EncoderChannelA
4. +5VDC
2
5
5. GND
6. EncoderChannelB
4
3
7. MotorPlugged(inverse)

iii. 16pinBergHousing
1.
+Battery
2.
Battery
3.
Switchcommon(momentary)
4.
+joystick
5.
Joystickoutput
6.
joystick
7.
VideoRefinput
8.
ZoomCommandoutput
9.
MotorPlugged
10.
EncoderChannelB
11.
EncoderChannelA
12.
GND
13.
n/c
14.
+5V
15.
MotorDriveA
16.
MotorDriveB


Fig.3Circuitboardshowingtestpointsandpotentiometerlocations.

VR3
VR1
VR4

TP4
TP3

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

VR2
GroundPin

J1
(underwires)

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15

iv.TestingandAdjustmentprocedures.CAUTION:Thesetestsinvolvemeasuringvoltagesonthe
pinsofintegratedcircuitsand/ortestpointswithveryfinespacing.Accidentallyshorting
adjacentpinsMAYDESTROYthedevices.Onlyaskilledtechnicianshouldundertakethesetests.
Refertofig.3fortestpointandpotentiometerlocations.

1. Powersupplyoperation.ThedigitalMicroForcehasfourswitchingpowersupplies;controlled
byIC'sU12,U13,U14andU20.AllfoursuppliesareactivewhentheMicroForceisdrivinga
digitalmotor.Theygenerate+23.5V,+9V,+5Vand+3.3V/3.3Vrespectively.U12actsasa
voltageboosterinthatitsoutputvoltageis23.5Vforinputvoltageslessthan22V,anditsoutput
voltagetrackstheinputvoltageforvoltagesgreaterthan22V.

WhenthecontrolisusedintheAnalogmodeforgeneratingaZoomcommandsignaltocontrol
theFI+Zzoomchanneloroperatetheinternalservoofavideolens,the+5Vand+23.5V
suppliesareturnedofftominimizecurrentconsumption.

2. Totestthepowersupplies,powertheunitwitha12V2Asource.PTC1isa1.6Athermalfuse
whichprotectstheunitfromcatastrophicdamage.ItislocatednexttotestpointTP2.Ifitishot
tothetouchthereisashortcircuitordamagedcomponent.Thisfaultmustberemediedbefore
proceedingfurther.

ThetablebelowliststhevoltagesgeneratedonthecircuitboardbytheassociatedICs.All
voltagesaremeasuredrelativetothegroundpin(seefigure3).ICsortestpointslocatedonthe
bottomsideofthecircuitboardaredesignatedwithanasterisk*.

Voltage
23.5 0.5
5.0 0.2
9.00.3
+3.30.1
-30.5

Designator
U12
U14*
U13
U8*
U8*

IC P/N
LT1370HV
LM2675-5
LM2675-5
LTC1877
LTC1877

Test Point
C41(+)
C36(+)*
C51(+)
C69/R45*
C71(+)*

VoltageswhichareoutsideofthestatedtolerancemayindicateeitheradefectiveIC,afaulty
passivecomponent(capacitor,inductor,ordiode),oranimproperload.Itisstronglythatthe
factoryservicedepartmentoradesignatedPCSservicerepresentativeperformboardlevel
repairs.

3. NullAdjustments.Thefollowingproceduresareusedtoeliminatemotorcreepingwhen
operatingpressureisnotappliedtothejoystick.Theprocedurehasthreeparts:nulladjustment
forjoystickoffset,digitalmotoroffset,andanalogmodeoffset.Thenulladjustmentforthe
joystickmustalwaysbeperformedfirst.
Adigitalvoltmeterwith0.1mVresolutionisrequired.Usesmall"grabberhooks"tomake
contactwiththetestpins.

a. Removethe4screwssecuringthecoveroftheunit.Applypowerusingeithera"Y"
cableforconnectiontoadigitalmotor,acableforconnectiontoaFIZsystem,oracable
foravideolens.
b. Securetheunitatatypicaloperatingangle(30to45typical).
c. Turnthemaximumspeedcontrolclockwiseto"99".
d. Withnothingcontactingtheredjoystickknob,measurethevoltagebetweentestpoints
3and4.AdjustVR2tomakethereadinglessthan0.20mV.Thiscompletesthejoystick
offsetadjustment.
e. Checkforjoystickhysteresisbymomentarilyapplyingpressuretotheredknobinone
directionandthenreleasing.Afterallowing1020sforthemeterreadingtostabilize,
thereadingshouldreturntolessthan1mV.Repeatthisbutwithpressureappliedinthe
oppositedirection.Againconfirmthatthereadingislessthan1mV.Excessivehysterisis
canbecausedbythejoystickreceivingalargemechanicalshock.
f. Thenextstepsisforadjustingthedigitalmotoroffset.Usea"Y"motorcabletopower
thecontrol,butdontconnectamotor.
g. Placethecontrolonaflatsurface.Makesurenothingiscontactingtheredjoystick
knob.PressandholdsimultaneouslybuttonsSetandResetfor35secondsandthen
release.Thiswillautomaticallydeterminethevalueforthedigitalmotoroffsetand
storeitintomemory.
h. Thelaststepisforadjustmentoftheanalogmodeoffset.Connectthecontroltoa
VideolensortheFIZunitusinganappropriatecable.Besurethatthesensitivitycontrol
issettominimum(0")asbefore.Findpins7and8ofconnectorJ1onthecircuitboard
(thebrownandbrown/whitestripedwires).Seefig.3.

i.

Usefineprobetipsonthevoltmeterprobestomeasurethevoltagedifferencebetween
pins7and8.AdjustVR3untilthevoltagedifferenceislessthan0.10mV.Thiscompletes
theanalogmodeoffsetadjustment.
VR4isusedtonulloutjoystickasymmetry.Itssettingshouldnotbealteredunlessthe
joystickisreplaced.


v.CurrentLimitadjustment.ThecurrentlimitadjustmentpotVR1determinesthemaximummotor
torquebothduringcalibrationandnormaloperation.Theoperatingtorqueisapproximately40%
higherthanthecalibrationtorque.

Thestallcurrentthroughthemotorisfactorysetto0.90A.TurningVR1anticlockwiseincreasesthe
maximummotortorque;eachfullturnofVR1roughlycorrespondstoa10%change.
fig.4DM1X,DM2,andDM4digitalmotors

DM1X
DM2

fig.5MicroForcewithFIZHandUnit

DM4

DigitalMicroForceControlsandAccessoryList
ProductNumber

Description
1210
DigitalMicroForce2Control
1128
AuxiliaryPowerCable12V(4pinXLR)
1129
AuxiliaryPowerCable24V(3pinXLRPVpolarity)
1130
AuxiliaryPowerCable24V(3pinXLRArripolarity)
1220
Ycablefor12VArriCameras
1221
Ycablefor24VArriCameras
1222
YcableforPanavisionCameras
1225
YcableforAatonCameras
1227
YcableforAntonBauerPowertap
1234
ExtensionCable25'
1234V
ExtensionCable25'forvideolensonly
1236
CanonVideoYcable8pinTajimiAntonBauerpowertap
1237
FujinonVideoYcable8pinTajimiAntonBauerpowertap
1238
CanonVideoCable20pinHirose
1240
YCableforSonyHD/PanasonicHD
1241
CanonVideoCable12pinHirose
1258
FujinonVideoCable12pinHirose
4201

DM2DigitalMotor
4205

DM1XDigitalMotor
4206

DM4DigitalMotor
4231 48pitchzoomgearforPanavisionlenses
4240
5.0mgearforCanonlenses
4241
.60mgearforFujinonlenses
4301
Arri19mmSwingArm
4333 Moviecam/ArriSwingArm
4320 StepDownBushing19mm/15mmArri
4321 StepDownBushing19mm/.625"Panavision
1155
ArticulatingPanArmBracketforDigitalMicroForceandVF2