Você está na página 1de 217

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.

39015013527562
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

COINS OF THE SELEUCID EMPIRE

FROM THE COLLECTION OF

ARTHUR HOUGHTON

By

ARTHUR J^OUGHTON

ANCIENT COINS IN NORTH AMERICAN COLLECTIONS

PUBLISHED BY

THE AMERICAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY

NEW YORK 1983

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

ANCIENT COINS IN NORTH AMERICAN COLLECTIONS

No. 4

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

FOR SHERRY

for two decades of patience and support

and to the memory of

EDWARD T. NEWELL

whose interest in royal Greek portrait coins

spurred my own

and pointed the way

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ix

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xii

CHRONOLOGICAL CHART OF SELECTED MINTS xv

NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Syria Seleucis

Antioch Nos. 1-400

Seleucia Pieria 401-414

"Apamea" 415-443

Laodicea ad Mare 444-447

Hierapolis (Bambyce) 448

Cyrrhus 449

Cilicia

Tarsus 450-502

Mopsus 503-504

Mallus 505-512

Soli 513-529

Seleucia ad Calycadnum 530-538

Uncertain Mint 539-541

Uncertain Mints 542-591

WESTERN REGION

West Asia Minor

Sardes 592-611

Magnesia on the Maeander 612-620

Smyrna 621-622

Phocaea 623-624

Magnesia ad Sipylum 625-627

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Myrina 628-629

Aegae 630-632

Pergamum 633-635

Hellespont

Alexandria Troas 636-646

Ilium 647-650

viii

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Lampsacus 651-655

Parium 656-658

Lysimachia 659-662

Uncertain Mints 663-681

SOUTH CENTRAL REGION

Phoenicia

"Aradus-Marathus" 682-686

Simyra 687

Tripolis 688-693

Byblus 694-703

Beirut 704-710

Sidon 711-725

Tyre 726-770

Palestine

Ake-Ptolemais 771^814

Ascalon 815-826

Gaza 827-830

Jerusalem 831-834

Coele-Syria

Damascus 835-871

Uncertain Mints 872-886

EASTERN REGION

Mesopotamia

Carrhae 887-890

Edessa 891-894

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Nisibis 895-911

Babylonia

Babylon 912-913

Seleucia on the Tigris 914-1020

Susiana

Susa 1021-1083

Antioch on the Persian Gulf 1084-1102

Baluchistan

Uncertain Mint 1103-1119

Media

Ecbatana 1120-1275

Northeastern Mints

Hecatompylus or Artacoana 1276-1279

Bactra 1280-1299

Uncertain Mints 1300-1323

INTRODUCTION

Because of its focus on a single, narrowly-defined area of numismatics, this volume

does not follow the system generally employed by many catalogues in which coins of the

hellenistic series are listed first by ruler, then by mint. Instead, it has been arranged ac-

cording to mints, then chronologically according to ruler, in order to show clearly the

affinity of coins struck by different rulers at the same city and to provide, as far as possible,

an overview of a given mint's activity and its relationship to other mints operating within

the same district.

A second departure from general practice has been made in the geographical arrangement

of the mints themselves. In his formative study of early Seleucid coinages struck in the

east, Eastern Seleucid Mints, Edward T. Newell began with the first issues of Seleucus I,

struck in Babylonia, then dealt with mints further to the east, ending with Bactria. West-

ern Seleucid Mints continued with Mesopotamia, covered Syria Seleucis, Phoenicia,

Palestine and Cilicia, and concluded with Asia Minor. While the use of a historically-

based system of this nature was fully reasonable in tracing the development of the earliest

coinages of the Seleucid kings, it is not easily adapted to a catalogue of coins whose scope

embraces the entire historical range of the Seleucid dynasty, from its beginnings under

Seleucus I in Babylonia to its final months under Antiochus XIII at Antioch.

The approach in this volume emphasizes instead the development of the Empire as a

whole, taking as its starting point the area of most fundamental importance to the Seleucid

kings. Within this area, which is here called the North Central Region, the mint of Antioch

was predominant. As a major settlement since its founding and as the Empire's most

important city during the second and into the first century B.C., Antioch issued the largest

volume of coinage, and maintained the longest and most continuous record of mint oper-

ation. Its effect on the activity of other mints in its own and in more distant regions was

profound, often influencing style, iconography, form of inscriptions and striking technique.

The catalogue therefore begins with Antioch and its region, which includes the areas

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of Cilicia and of Seleucis and Pieria. This is followed by the mints of the Western Region

(the western provinces of Asia Minor and the Hellespont); the South Central Region

(Phoenicia, Palestine and Coele Syria); and, finally, those of the Eastern Region (Mesopo-

tamia eastward, to Bactria). Each regional chapter concludes with a section covering

issues whose specific attribution has not been established firmly, but whose provenance,

style, iconography or technique relate them in a general manner to other known coins of

that area.

In recent years excavation reports, new hoard publications, specific mint studies, and

articles discussing the attribution of individual coins have all contributed to a growing

body of literature on the subject of hellenistic numismatics in general and Seleucid coinages

in particular; the material is voluminous. Many references to such studies have been in-

corporated in this catalogue but all have not, and while those cited are in the aggregate a

INTRODUCTION

guide to the field they are not intended to form a comprehensive bibliography. Instead an

attempt has been made to provide sufficient references to permit the user to locate similar

or related coins in other works, or to follow the attributions or reattributions that have

been made in this catalogue.

In citing such material, I have used the criterion of accessibility. Standard, broadly

available works, such as E. T. Newell's Eastern Seleucid Mints and Western Seleucid Mints

have been given priority; such studies also include Newell's "The Seleucid Mint of Antioch"

for coins of Antioch struck after the reign of Antiochus III; and Georges Le Rider's monu-

mental Suse sous les Sileucides et les Parthes for the later Seleucid issues of Susa, Seleucia

on the Tigris and Ecbatana. They also include significant articles in journals or essay

collections which bring together material relating to a particular mint or period. Where

such references do not adequately cover specific coins, the catalogues of the great national

collections in London and Paris have been cited, sometimes together. Thereafter, I have

referred to other major published collections, both public and private (Copenhagen, Ox-

ford, Cambridge and Boston; Lockett, Jameson, de Hirsch and De Clercq). Occasionally

it has been noted where a related issue or die may be found in a sales catalogue, if no other

work can provide the information. In exceptional cases where a coin may appear to be

unique or a series insufficiently known, unpublished examples have been cited in order to

show the existence of a similar issue or related type.

Coins will be found throughout the catalogue without reference at all; such cases include

issues where similar examples by type, inscription, monogram or date could not be located

in published collections. Many of these fall into well-established sequences and are of

importance primarily in helping to complete the record of a mint's activity. Others, how-

ever, may be heretofore unrecorded issues; they are testament to the fact that the record

of Seleucid coinages is far from complete, and that additions to the known material

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

appear from time to time. It is my hope that the publication of such coins in this catalogue

will deepen our understanding of Hellenistic numismatics, and give greater definition to

this rich and complex period of history.

I have a profound debt to the many individuals who have assisted me in the preparation

of this volume. I am deeply grateful to Leslie Elam, Director of the American Numismatic

Society, for his guidance and care in regard to both the editing and publication of this

catalogue; and to the Society's Curator of Greek Coins, Nancy Waggoner, for her thought-

ful commentary on the substance of this catalogue and for her patience with my impositions

on her time and my intrusions into the Society's Greek Coin Room over a period of many

years. Special thanks are also due to the Society's Librarian, Frank Campbell, who has

provided me with a stream of reference material which could not be conveniently obtained

elsewhere.

I am indebted, also, to Martin Price and Helene Nicolet-Pierre, Curators of the London

and Paris collections, for the time they have generously given in commenting on many

aspects of Seleucid numismatics, and for casts and photographs of coins which have helped

clarify questions regarding numerous issues in this catalogue. I also wish to thank Harald

Kuthmann of Munich; Gunther Dembski of Vienna; Hans-Dieter and Sabine Schultz of

the Staatliche Museum, Berlin; and J. L. Djukov of the Hermitage Museum, Leningrad,

all of whom have provided photographs, casts or descriptive material relating to my

INTRODUCTION

xi

study of particular Seleucid mints, and which have been of direct relevance to the proper

attribution of many of the coins listed here.

My thanks also go to Arnold Spaer of Jerusalem; Paolo Girardi of Beirut and Rome;

and Edoardo Levante of Iskenderun and Paris, for their help in resolving questions of

provenance and for informing me of numismatic material or scholarship related to the

attribution of issues from Palestine, Syria and Phoenicia, and Cilicia. Specific and

useful commentary on Seleucid coins of Ascalon and Jerusalem has been provided by

Ya'akov Meshorer of the Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Frank Holt of the University of

Virginia and William Spengler, now at the University of Wisconsin (Madison), have re-

viewed the chapter on Bactria, and have made helpful suggestions on the history and

coins of that area.

In the last analysis, this catalogue would not have been possible without the help

of Otto Morkholm of the Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Copenhagen, and

Silvia Hurter of Bank Leu, Zurich. For nearly two decades Mr. Morkholm has provided

unstinting assistance and advice as my interest in Seleucid history and numismatics has

developed. Much of this work bears his imprint. The general arrangement of mints, for

example, was originally his suggestion, and has been adopted in ful1. The attribution of

many coins has been based on his definitive studies in the field of hellenistic numismatics,

and I have depended heavily on his suggestions for improvement of the catalogue text.

The responsibility for any mistakes is mine alone, but such substantive errors as may exist

would have been immeasurably greater without Mr. Morkholm's advice.

The core of this volume is the quality of its photography. Much of the basis of numis-

matic scholarship is visual; and while errors of substance can be corrected, information lost

by inadequate illustrations can be regained only with the greatest difficulty, if at al1. I

have been fortunate in the extreme that Silvia Hurter agreed to apply her unmatched skill

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

to the photography of the coins in this catalogue. Simple thanks are inadequate for a task

which involved long hours of labor and care. It is my hope that she will see, as I do, the

results to be a monument to her technique and eye. I am obliged as well to Frances M.

Schwartz for the expert mounting of the plates.

Finally, I wish to acknowledge my debt to two individuals, now deceased. Dikran

Saraffian was as much a student of antiquity as he was a dealer of ancient artifacts,

a wit, and a man of gentle charm who never forebore to expIain the past to a youth who

hardly knew what questions to ask. Henri Seyrig seemed to keep his door forever open in

response to my quest for information on the coinages of Syria, which were a source of

fascination to him as wel1. Both encouraged my early interest in ancient coins, and guided

me toward Seleucid numismatics as an area which promised rich intellectual reward.

They were not wrong.

Cambridge, April 1982

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

Babelon

Bellinger, Dura

Bellinger, End of the

Seleucids

Bellinger, Elaeusa Sebaste

Bellinger, Troy

BMC

Boehringer, Chronologie

Brett, Ake-Ptolemais

Brett, Ascalon

Cox, Tarsus

De Clerq

De Hirsch

ESM

HLR

Houghton, Lampsacus

E. Babelon, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de la Bibliolhique

Nationale. Les Rois de Syrie, d'Armenie el de Commagine

(Paris, 1890).

A. R. Bellinger, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report 6:

The Coins (New Haven, 1949).

A. R. Bellinger, "The End of the Seleucids," Transactions of the

Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 38 (June, 1949),

pp. 51-102.

A. R. Bellinger, "A Seleucid Mint at Elaeusa Sebaste," ANSMN 3

(1948), pp. 27-30.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

A. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins (Princeton, 1961).

P. Gardner, Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum,

The Seleucid Kings of Syria (London, 1878).

C. Boehringer, Zur Chronologie mittelhellenistischer Miinzserien

220-160 v. Chr., AMUGS 5 (Berlin, 1972).

A. B. Brett, "Seleucid Coins of Ake-Ptolemais in Phoenicia, Seleucus

IV to Tryphon," ANSMN 1 (1945), pp. 17-35.

A. B. Brett, "The Mint of Ascalon under the Seleucids," ANSMN 4

(1950), pp. 43-54.

D. H. Cox, "The Coins," Excavations at GSzlu Kule, Tarsus, Vo1. 1,

The Hellenistic and Roman Periods, ed. H. Goldman (Princeton,

1950), pp. 38-83.

G. Le Rider and H. Seyrig, "Objets de la collection Louis De Clercq,"

RN 1967, pp. 7-53 (Nos. 1-259); RN 1968, pp. 7-40 (Nos. 260-

3531).

P. Naster, La collection Lucien de Hirsch (Brussels, 1959).

E. T. Newell, The Coinage of the Eastern Seleucid Mints from Seleu-

cus I to Antiochus III, ANSNS 1 (New York, 1938, reprinted

1978).

A. Houghton and G. Le Rider, "Un tresor de monnaies hellenistiques

trouve pres de Suse." RN 1966, pp. 111-27.

A. Houghton, "The Seleucid Mint at Lampsacus," ANSMN 23

(1978), pp. 59-68.

ABBREVIATIONS

xiii

Houghton, Persepolis

Houghton, Second Reign

Houghton, Tarik Darreh

Hunter 3

Jameson

LSM

Meklepini

McLean 3

MFA

Merkholm, Accession

Merkholm, Cilicia

Merkholm, Nisibe

Merkholm, Posthumous

Issue

Merkholm, Sardes

Merkholm, Seleucid Mint

Merkholm, Studies

Merkholm, Susiana

Seyrig, fires

A. Houghton, "Notes on the Early Seleucid Victory Coinage of

'Persepolis'," SNR 59 (1980), pp. 5-14.

A. Houghton, "The Second Reign of Demetrius II of Syria at

Tarsus," ANSMN 24 (1979), pp. 111-16.

A. Houghton, "Tarik Darreh (Kangavar) Hoard," ANSMN 25

(1980), pp. 31-44.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

G. Macdonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection,

Vo1. 3, Further Asia, Northern Africa, Western Europe (Glas-

gow, 1905).

R. Jameson, Collection R. Jameson, Vo1. 1, Monnaies grecques an-

tiques (Paris, 1913).

E. T. Newell, Late Seleucid Mints in Ake-Plolemais and Damascus,

ANSNNM 84 (New York, 1939).

N. Olcay and H. Seyrig, he tresor de Mektepini en Phrygie, Tresors

monetaires Seleucides 1 (Paris, 1965).

S. W. Grose, Fitzwilliam Museum, Catalogue of the McLean Col-

lection of Greek Coins, Vol. 3, Asia Minor, Further Asia, Egypt,

Africa (Cambridge, 1929).

A. B. Brett, Catalogue of Coins, Museum of Fine Arts (Boston, 1955).

0. Merkholm, "The Accession of Antiochus IV of Syria, A Numis-

matic Comment," ANSMN 11 (1964), pp. 63-76.

0. Merkholm, "Seleucid Coins from Cilicia, ca. 220-150 B.C.,"

ANSMN 11 (1964), pp. 53-62.

0. Merkholm, "Le monnayage de Seleucus IV a Nisibe," RN 1965,

pp. 44-50.

0. Merkholm, "A Posthumous Issue of Antiochus IV of Syria," NC

1960, pp. 25-30.

0. Merkholm, "Some Seleucid Coins from the Mint of Sardes,"

NNA 1969, pp. 5-20.

0. Merkholm, "The Seleucid Mint at Antiochia on the Persian

Gulf," ANSMN 16 (1970), pp. 31-44.

0. Merkholm, Studies in the Coinage of Antiochus IV of Syria

(Copenhagen, 1963).

0. Merkholm, "A Greek Coin Hoard from Susiana," ActaA 36

(1965), pp. 127-56.

H. Seyrig, "Antiquites syriennes 42. Sur les eres de quelques villes

de Syrie: Antioche, Apamee, Arethuse, Balanee, fipiphanee,

Laodicee, Rhosos, Damas, Beryte, Tripolis, l'ere de Cleopatre,

Chalcis du Liban, Doliche," Syria 27 (1950), pp. 5-50.

xiv

ABBREVIATIONS

Seyrig, Magnisie

Seyrig, Notes

Seyrig, Parion

Seyrig, Tresors

SMA

SNGCopSyria

SNGFitz

SNGLockell

Spaer, Qazvin

Spaer, A ke

Spaer, Ascalon

Strauss

Suse

Thompson, Lysimachus

Tyre

Waage

WSM

H. Seyrig, "Monnaies hellenistiques VI: Monnaies Seleucides d'fi-

phese et de Magnesie," RN 1963, pp. 31-35.

H. Seyrig, Notes on Syrian Coins, ANSNNM 119 (New York, 1950).

H. Seyrig, "Parion au 3e siecle avant notreere," Centennial Publica-

tion of the American Numismatic Society, ed. H. Ingholt (New

York, 1958), pp. 603-25.

H. Seyrig, Tresors du Levant, anciens el nouveaux, Tresors monetaires

Seleucides 2 (Paris, 1973).

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

E. T. Newell, "The Seleucid Mint of Antioch," American Journal of

Numismatics 51 (New York, 1917-18), pp. 1-151.

Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and

Medals, Danish National Museum: Syria, Seleucid Kings

(Copenhagen, 1959).

Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Vol. 4, Filzwilliam Museum,

Leake and General Collections, Part 8: Syria-Nabathaea, (Lon-

don, 1971).

Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Vo1. 3, The Lockett Collection, Part

5: Lesbos-Cyrenaica; Addenda (London, 1949).

A. Spaer, "A Hoard from the Qazvin Area," Coin Hoards 1 (1975),

pp. 36^1.

A. Spaer, "Antiochus IV at Ake-Ptolemais," Proceedings of the 8th

International Congress of Numismatics (Paris, Basel, 1976), pp.

139-41.

A. Spaer, "Ascalon: From Royal Mint to Autonomy," Studies in

Honor of Leo Mildenberg: Numismatics, Art History and

Archaeology (Wetteren, 1984, forthcoming).

P. Strauss, "Un tresor de monnaies hellenistiques trouve pres de

Suse," RN 1971, pp. 109^0.

G. Le Rider, Suse sous les Seleucides el les Parthes (Paris, 1965).

M. Thompson, "The Mints of Lysimachus," Essays in Greek Coinage

Presented to Stanley Robinson (Oxford, 1968), pp. 163-82.

E. T. Newell, The Seleucid Coinages of Tyre, a Supplement," ANS-

NNM 73 (New York, 1936).

D. B. Waage, Anlioch-on-the-Oronles, Vo1. 4, Part 2, Greek, Roman,

Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins (Princeton, 1952).

E. T. Newell, The Coinage of the Western Seleucid Mints from

Seleucus I to Antiochus lII, ANSNS 4 (New York, 1941,

reprinted 1977).

CHRONOLOGICAL CHART

OF SELECTED MINTS

No dates have been given to the separate reigns of the kings whose coinage is re-

presented. Had the Seleucid state remained united, it would have been possible to show a

straightforward chronological sequence of rulers at their capital city. It did not, however,

and the chronology of the Empirethe later Empire in particularis anything but

straightforward.

In some cases, usurpers assumed control of one or more cities and were themselves

defeated and replaced by a legitimate ruler. In others, a king may have been expelled

from one city but maintained his authority at another. Some rulers exercised power over

vast territory but never ruled at the Seleucid capital, Antioch. As a result, a simple list of

Seleucid kings tends to be misleading about the breadth of an individual ruler's authority;

and an arrangement of kings at a single selected city, such as Antioch, would give only a

fragmentary picture about the extent of each ruler's contro1. Neither approach would

reflect the increasing political complexity of the Seleucid state in its later stages, threatened

externally by intensifying political and military threats, and internally by a broadening

pattern of disruption and disintegration as rival challengers fought each other for authority.

The following chart is intended to correct this problem in part. It sets out schematically

the reigns of Seleucid rulers at selected provincial capitals, from Sardes in western Asia

Minor to Bactra in the far northeast. In the case of each capital the record of coins struck

by the city's mint is, with only a few exceptions, sufficiently continuous to provide certain-

ty about the sequence of rulers at these locations. Its chronological accuracy is only

approximate, however, particularly in those instances where the ancient sources are im-

precise or silent, or where the numismatic material is lacking. The notes which follow the

chart indicate some of the areas where chronological clarification is needed.

Sources (except as noted):

Bellinger, End of the Seleucids

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Brett, Ake-Ptolemais

Cox, Tarsus

ESM

LSM

Merkholm, Sardes

Morkholm, Studies

Susc

E. Will, Histoire politique du monde hellinistique, 2 vols. Annales de l'est (Nancy, 1966-67).

WSM

Chart Notes:

I A foundation date of Seleucia of c. 301 B.C. or later has been proposed by R. Hadley, "The Foun-

dation Date of Seleucia on the Tigris," Historia 27 (1978), pp. 228-30.

The date of Seleucus's occupation of Bactra is not known. The first Seleucid coins of Bactra do

not appear to have been struck prior to the period of joint rule of Seleucus and his son, Antiochus I,

which began c. 292 B.C. (see introduction to catalogue section on Bactra).

3 WSM, pp. 211-13, accepts a Seleucid occupation of Damascus extending from the reign of Antio-

chus I to the early years of Seleucus II, but notes the scant evidence supporting the rule of any Seleucid

king in this city prior to the reign of Antiochus VII.

4 The dates of Antiochus, son of Seleucus IV, follow the chronology of Morkholm, Accession.

5 The dates of Antiochus V and Timarchus at Seleucia are according to A. R. Bellinger, "The Bronze

Coins of Timarchus," ANSMN 1 (1945), pp. 37-44, and A. Houghton, "Timarchus as King in Babylo-

nia," RN 1979, pp. 213-17.

The chronology of Tryphon's reign in Syria is not certain. The traditionally accepted dating of

Tryphon's regnal years, which is supported by Brett, Ake-Ptolemais, and H. Seyrig, Notes, has been

retained.

7 A coin of Antiochus IX of Ascalon dated 91P (199 S.E. = 114/3 B.C.) in the British Museum

indicates a slightly earlier beginning of this king's reign in Palestine and Coele-Syria than Newell

suggests in LSM, p. 31 and p. 70.

8 The chart includes four hypothetical regnal periods for Antiochus VIII at Damascus, three for

Antiochus IX, based upon Bellinger, End of the Seleucids, pp. 68-74; 87-88, and a late issue of Antiochus

VIII published by Merkholm, "Some Western Seleucid Coins," INJ 3 (1965-66), p. 12. No dated

silver coins of Antiochus IX are known for this city after 111/0 B.C., however, and Bellinger's sug-

gestion of a third reign for this king at Damascus is based upon bronze issues of Eros/Nike type whose

attribution is not certain.

Newell has placed the beginning of Antiochus VIII's fourth reign at Antioch at 108/7 B.C. (SMA,

p. 103). On the basis of hoard evidence, Seyrig, Trisors, p. 102, has noted that Antiochus's initiation

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of the Zeus Nikephoros reverse type at Antiochand by implication the date of Antiochus's fourth

accession at that cityprobably did not occur until c. 105 B.C. or later. However, H. Troxell and

N. Waggoner, "The Robert F. Kelley Bequest," ANSMN 23 (1978), pp. 40-41, cite two tetradrachms

which suggest that Antiochus may have begun striking the Zeus Nikephoros coinage concurrently with

the Zeus Ouranios type during his third reign, or that the latter may have been continued into the

king's fourth reign until they were replaced by the Zeus Nikephoros series. The evidence is insufficient

to provide a definitive resolution of the chronology of this period, and Newell's dates have been

provisionally retained.

10 Both Antiochus XI and Philip I occupied Cilicia during their struggle with Antiochus X Eusebes.

They presumably occupied Tarsus during this period, whether jointly or in succession is not known.

No coins of Tarsus have been identified with either ruler.

The two reigns of Antiochus X at Antioch are discussed by Bellinger, End of the Seleucids, pp. 73-74;

see also the introductory notes to the sections on Antiochus X and XI at Antioch.

II See Bellinger, End of the Seleucids, pp. 82-85, and the introductory note to the section on An-

tiochus XIII at Antioch for the interrupted reign of this king and the brief assumption of power by

Philip II.

NORTH CENTRAL REGlON

SYRIA SELEUCIS: ANTIOCH

From the date of its founding in 300 B.C. until its annexation by Pompey almost two

and a half centuries later, Antioch grew to become the single most important city of the

Seleucid Empire. The coinage of Antioch reflects the developing focal nature of the city

itself: from early beginnings of significant if not voluminous output, when the attention

of the early Seleucid kings remained predominantly fixed on the rich and densely populated

territories of Asia Minor, to its zenith as the Empire's capital under Antiochus IV (175-164

B.C.). With the exception of the Ptolemaic occupation of the city in 246-244 B.C., the

record of Antioch's coinage as a Seleucid mint is virtually continuous until the capture of

the city by Tigranes in the first century. The last known Seleucid issues of the city were

struck during the brief first reign of Antiochus XIII in 69/8-67/6 B.C.

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Athe-

na standing r., holding spear

and shield; to r., inverted

anchor.

1. JE / 7.04. WSM 911.

2. JE / 9.36. As 1.

3. JE f 8.03. Rev. no anchor. WSM 912.

4. JE I 6.86. Rev. no anchor; to 1., E;

to r., WSM 915.

5. JE - 5.73. Rev. to r., . WSM 920.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BA ZE Tripod.

6. JE f 2.17. WSM 917.

7. * j 2.14. As 6.

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to 1., 2?;

dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

8. A / 16.83. Obv. die A7 and rev. mo-

nogram of WSM 923.

Obv. Winged head of Medusa r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Bull

charging r.; dotted border.

9. f 6.64. Rev. in exergue, E. WSM

925.

10. JE *- 5.34. Rev. above, .

11. JE J, 1.48. Rev. indistinguishable in-

scription (BA ZE?). See WSM

928, a bronze issue of similar

type.

Obv. Male figure, nude to waist,

seated 1. on rock, holding ankh

in r. hand and resting 1. hand

behind him; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Horn-

ed head of elephant r.; in

exergue, E; dotted border.

12. JE / 7.37. WSM 929.

Obv. Macedonian shield.

Rev. BA ZE Elephant's head r.;

to 1., N; dotted border.

Hemiobo1.

13. JR 0.37. This coin has been at-

tributed to Antioch on the basis

of its obverse type, which is com-

mon to bronze issues of Seleucus I

and Antiochus I assigned with

Arthur Houghton Collection

certainty to this mint (WSM

930a-/3, both from the Antioch

excavations; WSM 942-48), and

the abbreviated form of inscrip-

tion, which was normally em-

ployed at Anlioch and other west-

ern mints for small coinage but

not in the east (see ESM 325, an

obol with the same reverse type

struck at Susa under Seleucus I,

but with a full inscription, sym-

bols and monogram).

Obv. As 13.

Rev. Z E Arrowhead; dotted bor-

der.

14. JR f 1.42. See WSM 956 and WSM

1134, bronze issues of Antiochus I

with an arrowhead as reverse type,

attributed by Newell to Antioch

and Apamea, respectively.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

eagle and scepter; to 1., H

within wreath; between legs

of throne, P; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

15. JR f 17.21. WSM 931.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tri-

pod; to 1., C; to r., 3;

dotted border.

16. JE *- 5.34. WSM 933.

17. JE / 1.54. Rev. BA AN; no mono-

grams. WSM 935.

Obv. Macedonian shield, inverted

anchor as center device.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Horn-

ed elephant striding r.; dotted

border.

18. JE \ 5 21. Rev. beneath belly, O;

between hind legs, Z. WSM 944.

19. JE f 1.76. Rev. BA AN; no mono-

grams. WSM 945.

20. JE \ 1.56. As 19.

21. JE / 5.84. Rev. above, !*E and club;

below, jawbone. WSM 946.

22. JE / 6.46. As 21. Rev. counterstamp:

anchor within ovai.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Thun-

derbolt; above, club and

r*E; below, jawbone; dotted

border.

23. JE f 5.65. WSM 949.

24. JE \ 1.47. Rev. BAZI ANTI.

Obv. As 16.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tri-

pod; to 1., bow; to r., !*E

and club; dotted border.

26. JE -* 5.82. Rev. counterstamp: anchor

within ovai. WSM 953.

26. JE \ 1.76. Rev. BAZI ANTI. WSM

954.

Syria Seleucis

30. JE -* 4.38. As 29.

31. JE \ 0.98. Rev. BAZI ANTI; no mo-

nograms; dotted border. WSM

964.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

1.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZI ANTI Nude Apollo

seated r. on omphalos, holding

bow with both hands; to 1., P;

to r., 0.

32. JE \ 1.85. WSM 963.

33. JE \ 1.71. As 32.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and resting 1.

elbow on lyre; to 1., EY; to r.,

M.

34. JE / 4.23. WSM 967.

36. JE f 4.45. As 34.

36. JE / 4.41. As 34.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

37. JR f 16.45. Rev. to 1., AE ; to r., .

Obv. die of WSM 970-72. Rev.

monograms of WSM 971.

38. JR f 17.02. Rev. to 1., ft; to r., H.

Obv. die and rev. monograms of

WSM 980|3-e.

39. A \ 16.93. As 38. Obv. die of WSM

980P-n.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., .

Staters.

40. AI f 8.59. Obv. die and rev. monogram

of WSM 987. Houghton, Tarik

Darreh, p. 33, 4 (this coin).

41. N f 8.47. As 40.

Obv. As 40.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod; to 1., Y.

Tetra drachm.

42. JR f 17.13. NFA 2, 25 Mar. 1976, 285.

Dies of WSM 9886.

Obv. As 40, but without border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 40.

Staters.

43. X f 8.50. Rev. to 1., M; to r., M.

Obv. die of WSM 995. See WSM

991, a tetradrachm with the same

monograms.

44. N f 8.56. Obv. die of 43. Rev. to 1., P.

45. N j 8.51. Obv. die of 43. Rev. to r.,

EY. Leu 7, 9 May 1973, 269.

SNGCopSyria 109.

Obv. As 40.

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. As 40.

Rev. Inscription and type as 40.

Stater.

60. M \ 8.57. Rev. die of 48. Dies of

WSM lOlOy; rev. die of WSM

1012(3, a stater. Houghton, Tarik

Darreh, p. 33, 5 (this coin).

Obv. Head of Athena in Corinthian

helmet r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1., inver-

ted anchor.

51. JE / 7.14. WSM 1016.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZlAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Tri-

pod.

52. JE f 6.66. Rev. to 1., EY; to r., M.

WSM 1017.

53. JE f 7.26. Obv. counterstamp: lyre

and AAA (?) within ovai. Rev.

as 52.

54. JE f 7.07. Rev. to 1., 1. WSM 1023.

55. JE j 10.26. As 54.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SELEUCUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucusr.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

56. JR f 16.94. Rev. to I., . Leu-MuM,

3 Dec. 1965 (Niggeler), 461.

WSM 1024y (this coin).

57. JR / 16.77. Rev. to 1., <NK ; to r., X .

WSM 1027; Obv. die of Seyrig,

Triors 1.84.

Gold Octodrachm.

58. A'f 34.15. Rev. to 1., 1 ; to r., Y.

Obv. die of WSM 1029X-PP, 1030

(tetradrachms); rev. monograms

of WSM 1029. See 59-60, below,

tetradrachms which share the

same obverse die as 58. D. Cox,

"Gordian Hoards III, IV and

VII," ANSMN 12 (1966), p. 52,

4, and pi. XXI, cites another

octodrachm of Seleucus III whose

obverse die was later used to

strike tetradrachms at Antioch.

Tetradrachms.

59. JR f 16.98. Dies of 58. WSM 1029.

60. A j 17.04. Obv. die of 58. Rev. to

1., i above rose; to r., Dies

of WSM 10308.

Obv. Bust of Artemis r.; dotted

border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 56;

to 1., cac .

61. JE f 4.67. Rev. in exergue, fii WSM

1033.

62. JE f 4.57. Rev. in exergue, M.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 56;

to 1., 1.

63. JE f 2.50. WSM 1043.

Syria Seleucis

Obv. As 64.

Rev. Inscription and type as 64;

to 1., above A .

Gold Octodrachm.

69. A! f 34.11. See WSM 1072, a tetra-

drachm with the same 1. field

monograms.

Obv. As 66.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. hand on

bow; to 1., above X .

70. JE f 1.35. WSM 1082 (where lower

monogram is rendered X ).

71. JE f 1.58. As 70.

Obv. As 64.

Rev. Inscription and type as 64;

to L, .

Tetradrachm.

72. JR f 17.07. Obv. die and rev. mono-

gram of WSM 1089e-. Stern-

berg 10, 25 Nov. 1980,169.

Drachm.

73. AL f 4.03. Obv. die and rev. monogram

of WSM 1090b.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. As 64.

Rev. Inscription and type as 64.

Gold Octodrachm.

74. Al f 34.18. Rev. to 1., Am. Obv. die

style as WSM 1097.

Tetradrachm.

76. M f 16.73. Rev. to 1., 4" ; in exergue,

4> . Obv. die and rev. monograms

of WSM 1098.

Obv. As 66.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ele-

phant walking r., surmounted

by mahout; to L, tripod;

monograms indistinguishable.

76. JE f 9.38. Rev. counterstamp: horse's

head within square. See WSM

1197, a bronze issue of similar type.

Obv. As 66.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tri-

pod, beneath which Apollo

stands 1., holding arrow and

bow.

77. JE I 10.62. Rev. counterstamp: hor-

se's head within rectangle. G. Le

Rider, "Monnaies grecques re-

cemment acquises par le Cabinet

des Mddailles" RN 1961, p. 21,

16, has attributed coins of this

type to Antioch on technical and

stylistic grounds.

Obv. As 66.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOY

phant walking 1.

78. JE f 2.87. WSM 1112.

Ele-

Obv. As 64.

Rev. Inscription and type as 64.

Tetradrachms.

79. JR f 16.78. Rev. to 1., bow within

quiver. Obv. die of WSM 1119;

rev. symbol of WSM 1116.

80. M / 16.96. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor.

Dies of WSM 11230 andy.

Arthur Houghton Collection

86. JE f 10.54. Rev. to 1., *; serrated

edge.

86. JE f 8.55. Rev. to 1., above W;

serrated edge. SNGFiiz 5601.

Obv. As 84.

Rev. Inscription and type as 82;

monograms or symbol, if any,

indistinguishable; dotted bor-

der.

87. JE f 2.73. Serrated edge. BMC, p.

32, 25.

Obv. Diademed head of Dionysus

r., thyrsos behind shoulder;

to 1., 4: dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Prow

of galley 1.; above, ; dotted

border.

88. JE / 6.93. Serrated edge.

89. JE f 8.21. Obv. to 1., Nt. Rev. r\P

above prow; serrated edge.

Obv. Veiled female bust r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant's head 1.

90. JE f 3.43. Serrated edge. Babelon

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

505-7.

ANTIOCHUS, SON OF SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Jugate busts of Laodice and

Antiochus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

tripod; in exergue, partly off

flan, TT(?).

Gold Octodrachm.

91. N f 34.18 Obv. die of octodrachm cited

by Merkholm, Accession, p. 76, n.

33.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 91.

Tetradrachms.

92. A f 17.11. Rev. in exergue, l-P. Dies

A2-P6 (Merkholm, Accession, p.

65, 2).

93. A f 16.90. Rev. in exergue, A. Obv.

die Al (Merkholm, Accession, p.

65, 6).

Drachm.

94. JR \ 4.17. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

as 93. Dies al-p2 (Merkholm,

Accession, p. 66, 7). J. Schulman,

26 Apr. 1976, 5174.

95. A \ 4.24. Obv. die of 94. Rev. as 94.

Said to be from the Ma'aret en-

Numan Hoard (CH 6, 37 "Syria";

CH 7, 97).

Tetradrachm.

96. JR f 17.00. Rev. in exergue, Pi. Obv.

die Al (Merkholm, Accession,

p. 66, 8).

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

tripod; to r., kithara; in exer-

Syria Seleucis

Obv. As 97.

Rev. Inscription as 99. Nude Apol-

lo seated 1. on omphalos, hold-

ing arrow and bow.

Drachms.

100. JR f 4.06. Bonham's 2, 23 Sep. 1980,

109. Obv. die a2 (Merkholm,

Studies, p. 13, 8). Said to be from

the Ma'aret en-Numan Hoard

(CH 6, 37 "Syria"; CH 7, 97).

101. JR f 4.22. As 100. Obv. die of 100.

Said to be from the Ma'aret en-

Numan Hoard (CH 6, 37 "Syria";

CH 7, 97).

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r., dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 99. Outspread

aegis, Medusa's head in center.

Hemidrachm.

102. JR f 1.88. Dies ai-pi (Merkholm,

Studies, p. 14, 10).

103. JE / 4.03.

Obv. As 97.

Rev. Inscription and type as 99.

Tetradrachms.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

104. JR f 16.63 Rev. in exergue, ^. Obv. die

A16 (Merkholm, Studies, p. 15,

12).

105. JR f 16.57. Rev. in exergue, IZ. Obv.

die A19 (Merkholm, Studies, p.

16,13). HLR 30 (this coin).

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY 9EOY

ETTIOANOYZ NIKHOOPOY

Type as 99.

Tetradrachms.

106. JR f 16.67. Dies A21-P90 (Merkholm,

Studies, p. 24, 14). Hess-Leu 45,

12 May 1970, 339; Naville, 14

Mar. 1921 (Pozzi), 2963 (weight

given as 16.46).

107. JR f 16.73. As 106. Said to be from

the Ma'aret en-Numan Hoard

(CH 6, 37 "Syria"; CH 7, 97).

Obv. As 97.

Rev. Inscription and type as 106.

Tetradrachms.

108. JR f 16.63. Rev. to 1.,*. Obv. dieA28

(Merkholm, Studies, p. 26, 16).

109. JR f 16.22. Rev. to 1., H. Dies

A53-P204 (Merkholm, Studies,

p. 29, 22).

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

fillet border.

Rev. Inscription as 106. Draped

Apollo standing r., holding

kithara and patera.

Tetradrachms.

110. JR f 16.77. Obv. die A54 (Merkholm,

Studies, p. 30, 24). Said to be

from the Ma'aret en-Numan

Hoard (CH 6, 37 "Syria"; CH 7,

97). Overstruck on an indistin-

guishable undertype.

111. JR f 16.16. Obv. die A55 (Merk-

holm, Studies, p. 30, 24).

Obv. Veiled female bust r.; dotted

Arthur Houghton Collection

66), pp. 9-10, suggests that the bronze

coinage of Antiochus IV with galley's

prow and the monogram %f may have

been issued at Seleucia Pieria.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

to 1., 4; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

aphlaston; dotted border.

115. f 2.89. Rev. in exergue, A ( = 4^ ?);

serrated edge.

116. JE / 2.52. Rev. in exergue, AB; ser-

rated edge.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis

r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 99. Eagle

standing r. on thunderbolt.

117. JE f 70.40. Rev. O and A of ETTI-

OANOYZ conjoined. SMA 58.

118. JE f 34.53. SMA 59.

119. JE j 38.34. As 118.

120. JE j 36.79. As 118.

Obv. Head of Isis wearing corn

wreath r.; dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. As 117.

121. JE / 18.34. SMA 60.

122. JE / 18.60. As 121.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. As 121.

123. JE f 10.09. SMA 61.

Obv. As 123.

Rev. Inscription as 99. Zeus stand-

ing 1., holding thunderbolt

and scepter; in outer 1. field,

t (?); in inner field, at Zeus's

feet, eagle 1., head reverted.

124. f 6.09.

125. JE j 6.77. Rev. outer 1. field mono-

gram, if any, indistinguishable.

Obv. As 123.

Rev. Inscription as 99. Nude Apol-

lo standing r., drawing bow.

126. JE f 5.19.

127. JE / 3.49. As 126.

128. JE / 4.23. As 126, but of cruder style.

Nos. 126-28 are said to be from Leba-

non. The recorded provenance of coins

of the above type, including half-units,

between Cilicia and Palestine tends to

support Newell's judgement that they

were struck at Antioch (SMA, p. 24).

Obv. As 121.

Rev. ANTIOXEQN TON nPOZ

AAONHI Zeus standing fa-

cing, head 1., holding wreath.

129. JE f 9.14. Rev. to 1., ft; to r., AB.

Babelon 628-30.

130. JE 1 9.06. Rev. to 1., ft; to r., AB;

in exergue, AMP (144 S.E. =

169/8 B.C.).

131. JE f 8.22. Rev. to 1., ft .

132. JE j 4.73. Rev. to 1., tripod above

indistinguishable monogram.

133. JE f 3.75. Rev. monograms or sym-

bol, if any, indistinguishable.

ANTIOCHUS V

Syria Seleucis

octodrachm in Berlin, struck from

the same die: T. Fischer, "Die

Berliner Goldmunze, des Seleu-

kiden Antiochos V (164-162 v.

Chr.)," SM 21 (1971), pp. 37-39.

Said to be from the Ma'aret en-

Numan Hoard (CH 6, 37 "Syria";

CH 7, 97).

140. A / 16.53. Rev. to 1., f ;in exergue,

L (probably A).

141. A / 16.61. As 140, but exergue mo-

nogram is clearly A .

142. A f 17.01. Obv. die of 141. Rev. to 1.,

Nos. 140-42 are said to be from the

Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH 6, 37

"Syria"; CH 7, 97).

Nos. 14042 have been collocated with

tetradrachms of Antioch because they

share monograms with other coins more

securely attributed to this mint ( A with

139; W with SMA 82, of Demetrius I).

However, they do not follow the con-

vention predominantly employed on the

last Antiochene issues of Antiochus IV

through the first series of Demetrius I

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of placing a single monogram in the 1.

field, and they differ stylistically from

the broad run of Antiochus V's coinage

at Antioch. They therefore may have

been struck at another mint.

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Demetrius r.; laurel

wreath border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Tyche, nude to waist, seated 1.

on throne, holding scepter and

cornucopiae; to 1., Fl .

Tetradrachms.

143. A / 16.60. Rev. type of SMA 79;

rev. monogram of SMA 81.

Rev. Inscription as 143; Tyche is

fully clothed.

144. A / 16.17. Rev. to 1. PI. SMA 82.

Obv. King's portrait is unbearded.

145. A f 16.59. Rev. in exergue, ZA.

146. A f 16.73. Rev. King's name has

been recut. SMA 89.

147. A f 16.37. Rev. to 1., A* . SMA 90.

The style of 146-47 differs from that

of other issues of Demetrius struck at

Antioch. They may have been issued

by another mint.

Obv. As 145.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

ZQTHPOZ Type as 144.

148. A f 16.79. Rev. to 1., M. SMA 100.

149. A / 16.78. Rev. to 1., PJ ( = W?); in

exergue, HNP (158 S.E. = 155/4

B.C.).

150. A f 17.01. Rev. to 1., FJ above/W; in

exergue HNP (158 S.E. = 155/4

B.C.). Obv die and rev. mono-

grams of SMA 103.

151. A / 16.83. Rev. to 1., W above AI;

in exergue, HNP (158 S.E. =

155/4 B.C.).

152. A \ 16.59. Rev. to 1., W above HP;

10

Arthur Houghton Collection

Tetradrachm.

158. JR / 16.62. Obv. die of SMA 118, pi.

6; rev. monograms of SMA 117.

Obv. As 155.

Rev. Inscription and type as 155;

to r., R A above AEP (161

S.E. = 152/1 B.C.).

Drachm.

159. JR f 4.06. SMA 120.

Obv. As 145.

Rev. Inscription, type and date as

158; to 1., W above JH.

Tetradrachm.

160. JR f 16.57. Auctiones 12,29Sep. 1981,

141. SMA 118.

Obv. As 155.

Rev. Inscription and type as 155.

Drachms.

161. JR / 4.11. Rev. to r., W/M above

AEP (161 S.E. = 152/1 B.C.).

Obv. die of 159. SMA 121.

162. JR f 4.02. As 161.

163. JR j 4.07. i?7. to r., above A EP

(161 S.E. = 152/1 B.C.). SMA

126.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. As 145.

Rev. Inscription and type as 148;

to 1., W; in exergue, B EP (162

S.E. = 151/0 B.C.).

Gold Octodrachm.

164. N / 34.27. Obv. die as 160. Dies of

M. Comstock and C. Vermeule,

Greek Coins, 1950 to 1963 (Boston,

1964), no. 277. The use of worn

tetradrachm dies for Demetrius's

known octodrachms (see also 991,

Seuleucia on the Tigris) suggests

an interim measure pending the

definition and execution of new

die designs for the special gold

issues of the type of 165-66,

below.

Obv. Tyche seated 1. on throne,

holding scepter and cornu-

copiae; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 148. Double

cornucopiae bound with fillet;

dotted border.

Gold 2 1/2 staters.

165. A f 21.16. Obv. to 1., B/ ; Rev. to 1,.

\R above (-P; to r., B EP (162

S.E. = 151/0 B.C.). MuM 41, 18

Jun. 1970, 292. See SMA 128;

Schlessinger 13, 4 Feb. 1935,

1452, for other gold 2 1/2 staters

with different monograms.

Gold Distater.

166. Al f 17.14. Obv. to 1., B; Rev. to 1.

above ZA; to r., B EP (162

S.E. = 151/0 B.C.). Vinchon,

15 Nov. 1965, 289. See SMA 128,

a gold 2 1/2 stater with the mo-

nogram ZA; SMA 129, a gold

distater with different mono-

grams.

Obv. As 155.

Rev. Inscription and type as 155;

to r., Flfa (= FJft) above

Syria Seleucis

11

Obv. As 169.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo standing 1., hold-

ing arrow and bow.

171. JE f 2.47. Babelon 732; SNGCop-

Syria 243.

Obv. Horse's head 1.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ele-

phant's head r.

172. JE / 3.39. Serrated edge. Babelon

733; SNGCopSijria 242.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

The general arrangement of SMA,

which places dated coins before undated

ones, has been followed in this section.

However, at least some of Alexander's

undated tetradrachms of Antioch were

struck concurrently with his dated issues.

(See A. Houghton, "A Tetradrachm of

Seleucia Pieria at the Getty Museum:

An Archaizing Zeus and the Accession of

Alexander Balas in Northern Syria," J.

Paul Getty Museum Journal 10 [1982],

p. 158, n. 20; see also 181, whose obverse

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

was struck earlier than, but from the

same die as 174).

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9E0TTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on om-

phalos, holding arrow and

bow; to 1., cornucopiae; in

exergue, TEP (163 S.E. =

150/9 B.C.).

Drachm.

173. A f 4.21. SMA 138.

Obv. Type as 173; fillet border.

Rev. Inscription as 173. Zeus seated

1. on throne, holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., cornucopiae.

Tetradrachms.

174. A f 16.37. Rev. in exergue, T EP

(163 S.E. = 150/9 B.C.), A.

Obv. die of SAfA 135; rev. mono-

grams of SMA 140 (drachm).

175. AZ / 16.63. Rev. to 1., Z below cornu-

copiae; in exergue, V EP (163

S.E. = 150/9 B.C.).

Obv. As 173.

Rev. ANTIOXEQN Zeus standing

facing, head 1., holding

wreath; to 1., M; to r., TEP

(163 S.E. = 150/9 B.C.).

176. J E \ 7.97. Babelon 909-11.

Obv. As 174.

Rev. Inscription and type as 174.

Tetradrachms.

177. A f 16.45. Rev. to 1., A ; in exergue,

A EP (164 S.E. = 149/8 B.C.),

Ifl.

178. A f 16.32. Obv. die of 177. Rev. to 1.,

A ;in exergue, A EP (164 S.E. =

149/8 B.C.), I?l .

179. A f 16.66. Rev. to L, A ; in exergue,

E EP (165 S.E. = 148/7 B.C.),

I$l . Obv. die of SMA 151; rev.

12

Arthur Houghton Collection

189. A f 4.02. Rev. in exergue W, Pf.

190. A j 4.03. i?ei>. in outer 1. field, n;

in inner 1. field, ^.

191. A f 3.90. .Rep. in exergue, ft H" (?).

192. A I 4.11. .Rep. in exergue, .

Ofcw. Diademed, radiate head of

Alexander r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Nude Apollo standing 1., hold-

ing arrow and resting 1. hand

on bow.

Hemidrachm.

193. A f 1.90. SMA 193.

Obv. Type as 173.

Rev. BAZIAEfiZ AAEEANAPOY

Type as 173; monograms or

symbol, if any, indistinguish-

able.

194. JE f 7.78. Serrated edge. Assigned to

Antioch on the basis of style,

seated Apollo reverse, and ser-

rated edge. The attribution is

tentative.

Obv. As 193.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Athena standing 1., holding

Nike in r. hand and resting 1.

on shield; to 1., K above star

above A.

195. JE f 7.78. BMC, p. 54, 38; Babelon

833-34 (both render upper mono-

gram as tt).

Obv. As 193.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Prow of galley 1.

196. JE f 3.92. Serrated edge. Babelon 852.

197. JE f 3.96. Rev. to r., -tf .

Obv. Elephant's head r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Eagle, wings outspread,

standing 1.; to 1., 4^ above

club.

198. JE f 3.58. Serrated edge. See Waage,

p. 14, 143, for a bronze issue of

similar type with PB (?) to 1.

Obv. Head of Dionysus wearing

ivy wreath diadem r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Tyche standing 1., r. hand on

tiller and holding cornucopiae

with 1. arm; to 1., A (=

A ?) above aphlaston.

199. JE f 5.83. Serrated edge. BMC, p.

84, 34; SNGCopSyria 373 (both

"Alexander II Zabinas"). Bronze

coins with serrated edges do not

appear to have been struck later

than the reign of Antiochus VI,

and the modeling and style of this

coin are closer to those of Deme-

trius I and Alexander I than to

issues of Alexander II. Its Diony-

siac obverse (see also 205-6,

below), moreover, fits more easily

into the allegorical types of the

first Alexander than the more

Syria Seleucis

13

202. JE f 6.00. Rev. in inner 1. field, ^;

in exergue, A. SNGCopSyria

265. From Lebanon.

203. JE \ 6.59. Rev. in inner 1. field, B; in

exergue, Pi. Babelon 860; SNG-

CopSyria 264. From Lebanon.

Brett, Ake-Ptolemais, p. 30, attributes

coins of the type of 201-3, including

those with the monogram fo, to Antioch;

H. Seyrig, "Trdsor mondtaire de Nisibe,"

RN 1955, p. 95, 96, prefers Ake-Ptole-

mais. The style and provenance of such

issues indicate an attribution to the for-

mer mint (See Waage, Antioch, p. 14,

155).

Obv. Head of Alexander as Alexan-

der the Great, in lion's skin r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Nude Apollo standing 1., hold-

ing arrow and resting 1. hand

on bow; to r., .

204. JE 1 4.27. Babelon 810-11; SNGCop-

Syria 262.

Obv. Type as 199.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Elephant walking 1.; to r.,

205. JE f 2.49. Rev. beneath belly,

BMC, p. 56,57-58; SNGCopSyria

266.

206. JE / 1.12. Rev. in exergue, A.

Obv. Outspread aegis, Medusa's

head in center; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Pegasus flying r.; between

legs, A.

207. JE f 1.84. See Babelon 868-70 for

bronze issues of similar type.

208. JE / 1.64. As 207.

POSTHUMOUS COINAGE OF ANTI-

OCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

IV r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter.

Tetradrachms.

209. JR f 15.91. Rev. in exergue, IEP (167

S.E. = 146/5 B.C.), A) . Obv. die

Al of Morkholm, Posthumous Is-

sue, p. 26.

210. A f 16.46. Obv. die of 209. Rev. in

exergue, I EP (167 S.E. = 146/5

B.C.), 0> ( = A ?).

211. JR f 16.64. Rev. in exergue, Z (recut

from I) EP (167 S.E. = 146/5

B.C.) ^ . 06p.dieA2of Merkholm

Posthumous Issue, p. 26, 5, where

the exergue monogram is X.

Obv. Type as 209; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 209. Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos

holding arrow and bow; in

exergue, 9.

Drachms.

212. JR / 3.75. Obv. die A2 and rev. mono-

grams of Morkholm, Posthumous

14

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 214. Tripod;

in exergue, I EP (167 S.E. =

146/5 B.C.), to upper 1. of

which, ZI.

216. JE f 8.90.

Obv. Type as 214; laurel wreath

border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 214;

in outer 1. field, palm branch;

in inner 1. field, W; in exergue,

H EP (168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.).

Tetradrachms.

217. A f 16.37. Rev. between legs, I.

HLR 147 (this coin).

218. A f 16.22. Rev. between legs, W.

G. Hirsch, 11 Dec. 1967, 2227.

219. A f 16.42. Rev. between legs, H.

SMA 209.

220. A f 16.53. Rev. between legs, X .

De Clercq 144; see SMA 215, a

drachm with the same mono-

grams.

Obv. As 214; dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. As 214; in outer 1. field, star;

in inner 1. field, W; between

legs, A; in exergue, H EP

(168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.).

Drachm.

221. A f 4.13. SMA 211.

Obv. As 216.

Rev. Inscription and type as 216;

in inner 1. field, ;in exergue,

H EP (168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.).

222. JE f 6.00.

Obv. As 221.

Rev. Inscription and type as 214.

Drachms.

223. A f 3.86. Rev. to 1., star; in exergue,

W W (or W).

224. A f 3.93. Rev. in inner 1. field, 1=1;

between legs, AP ; other mono-

grams or date, if any, off flan.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 214.

225. JE f 14.53. Rev. in exergue, 41.

BMC, p. 61, 29.

226. JE f 11.04. Rev. in exergue, Pfl and

star. BMC, p. 61, 30.

227. JE / 12.25. Rev. in exergue, ffl R ,

BMC, p. 61, 32.

Obv. As 215.

Rev. Inscription and type as 216;

in exergue, ^ Pi.

JE / 6.60.

Obv. As 225.

Rev. Inscription as 214. Athena-

Nike standing 1., holding Nike

and spear and resting 1. hand

on shield.

229. JE f 10.52. Rev. to 1., above A.

See Babelon 1225, SNGFitz 5770,

a bronze issue of similar type

with the same upper monogram;

also see BMC, p. 62, 33-37 for

other bronze issues of this type.

Syria Seleucis

15

ANTIOCHUS VI

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ AIONYZOY Mount-

ed Dioscuri galloping L; to r.,

TPY above f\P above ZTA;

beneath horses, 9EP (169 S.E.

= 144/3 B.C.); wreath border

of lotus and ivy leaves and

wheat ears.

Tetradrachm.

232. JR f 16.78. SMA 229.

Obv. Type as 232; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow;

between legs, X; in exergue,

0EP (169 S.E. = 144/3 B.C.),

ZTA.

Drachm.

233. JR f 4.12. SMA 237 (where form of

monogram between legs is X ).

Obv. As 232.

Rev. Inscription and type as 232;

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

to r., TPY above ffl (234) or <J>

(235) or A (236) above ZTA;

beneath horses, OP (170 S.E.

= 143/2 B.C.).

Tetradrachms.

234. JR f 16.62. SMA 240.

235. JR j 16.61. SMA 244.

236. JR j 16.85. SMA 245.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription and type as 233;

between legs, 1AP (237) or X

(238); in exergue, OP (170

S.E. = 143/2 B.C.), ZTA.

Drachms.

237. JR f 4.18. SMA 247.

238. JR f 4.33. SMA 248.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. hand on

bow.

Hemidrachm.

JR / 1.74. SMA 251.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Panther 1.,

r. foreleg raised; in exergue,

A (?).

Hemidrachm.

240. JR / 1.93. See SMA 252, hemidrachm

of same type with different

monogram.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Panther

1., holding palm branch in

mouth; above, ZTA; to r.,

cornucopiae.

241. JE / 3.24. See SMA, p. 70, fig. 9.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Macedo-

nian helmet with spike, cheek

pieces and ibex horn r.;

between spike and horn, TPY;

to lower r., |f|.

16

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow in r. hand and resting 1.

elbow on tripod; monograms,

if any, off flan.

246. JE f 8.59. Serrated edge. See BMC,

p. 66, 39-10; Babelon 1014-16 for

bronze issues of similar type.

247. JE f 7.67. Serrated edge.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Elephant

walking 1., holding torch with

trunk; to r., ZTA above

cornucopiae (248) or star

(249-50).

248. JE / 7.30. Serrated edge. BMC, p. 67,

45-46; Babelon 1007.

249. JE / 7.52. Serrated edge. BMC, p. 67,

47-48; Babelon 1011.

250. JE \ 8.60. As 249.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1., A

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

above A (?).

251. JE f 4.07. Serrated edge. See BMC,

p. 66, 41; Babelon 1036, bronze

issues of the same type without

monograms.

Obv. As 233.

Rev. Inscription as 232. Horse 1.,

r. foreleg raised; to r., A.

252. JE / 3.15. Serrated edge. Babelon,

1037-39.

253. JE f 2.87. As 252.

TRYPHON

Obv. Diademed head of Tryphon r.;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ TPYOQNOZ AY

TOKPATOPOZ Macedonian

helmet with spike, cheek

pieces and ibex horn r.; to 1.,

rfi (254) or Fl (256-57) or no

monogram (255); no border

(254) or laurel wreath border

(255-57).

Tetradrachms.

254. JR f 15.71.

255. JR j 16.29. Seyrig, Notes, p. 22, 1.

256. JR j 16.09. Seyrig, Notes, p. 22, 2.

257. JR j 15.87. Rev. beneath helmet, A T;

Seyrig, Notes, p. 22, 5 (obv. die

of pi. I, 15).

Obv. Type as 254; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 254.

Drachm.

258. JR f 4.24. Rev. to 1., TT. Seyrig, Notes,

p. 22, 17.

259. JE f 6.04. Rev. to 1., caps of Dioscuri.

Seyrig, Notes, p. 23, 21.

260. JE / 1.90. As 259.

261. JE f 6.43. Rev. to 1., star. Seyrig,

Notes, p. 23, 23.

262. JE / 6.01. Rev. to 1., AS. Seyrig,

Notes, p. 23, 26.

263. JE / 5.92. Rev. to 1., AZK. Seyrig,

Notes, p. 23, 27.

Syria Seleucis

17

271. A f 4.11. Obv. to L. star; rev. toi.,

above Pi. Kastner 6, 26 Nov.

1974,190. See SNGCopSyria 319,

a drachm with the same obverse

symbol and with a similar upper

monogram on the reverse. The

attribution of 271 to Antioch is

tentative. An alternative possi-

bility is a northern Syrian or

Cilician mint.

Obv. Prow of galley r.; dotted

border.

Rev. Inscription as 264. Trident;

to 1., AOP (174 S.E. =

139/8 B.C.).

272. JE f 10.17. Rev. to 1., M . BMC, p.

73, 46; Babelon 1062.

273. JE *- 8.19. Obv. above prow, Dioscuri

caps. Rev. in outer 1. field, A>.; in

inner 1. field, club.

274. JE <- 12.46. Obv. as 273. Rev. as 273,

but to r., palm branch. Babelon

1064.

Obv. Winged bust of Eros r.; dot-

ted border.

dress.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. Inscription as 264. Isis head-

275. JE / 6.97. Rev. below, crescent above

AOP (174 S.E. = 139/8 B.C.).

BMC, p. 73, 49.

276. JE f 6.12. Rev. below, club above

AOP (174 S.E. = 139/8 B.C.).

277. JE / 5.84. Rev. L field, monogram, if

any, off flan; below, aphlaston

above EOP (175 S.E. = 138/7

B.C.). See SNGCopSyria 323 for

bronze of similar type, with same

symbol and date; BMC, p. 74,

62, a bronze of uncertain date

with symbol aphlaston.

278. JE f 6.27. Rev. to 1., A; below, palm

branch; date off flan.

279. JE f 4.02. Rev. inscription retrograde;

monogram, symbol or date, if

any, indistinguishable.

Obv. Lion's head r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 264. Club.

280. JE <- 2.73. Rev. to 1., A above aphlas-

ton; below EOP (175 S.E. =

138/7 B.C.). BMC, p. 75, 67;

Babelon 1095.

281. JE *- 3.02. Rev. to 1., A above aphlas-

ton; below, retrograde IO P (177

S.E. = 136/5 B.C.). See BMC,

p. 75, 68.

282. JE *- 2.89. Rev. to 1., A; below, IOP

(177 S.E. = 136/5 B.C.).

283. JE -> 2.38. Rev. to 1., ^ above cornu-

copiae; below, 9OP? (179 S.E.

= 134/3 B.C.).

Obv. Prow of galley 1.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Dios-

curi caps.

284. JE f 1.35. Rev. below, 4.

285. JE j 1.31. BMC, p. 75, 70; Babelon

1168.

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

18

Arthur Houghton Collection

Ptolemais. The horn did not appear un-

til after the king's portrait at Antioch

had changed from smooth to curly hair

(upon the transfer of a die engraver:

see Houghton, Second Reign, p. 116).

The horn also occurs on Demetrius's

later issues at Tarsus and Mallus (q.v.).

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 286. Nike

standing L, holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1., E.

291. JE / 5.24. SNGCopSyria 349; Waage,

p. 18,194.

Obv. Laureate head of Artemis r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 286. Tripod;

below, ATTP (184 S.E. =

129/8 B.C.).

292. JE J 3.10. See Babelon 1193 for a

bronze issue of similar type and

date with the monogram A.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Tri-

pod; to r., M; below ZT (?)

293. JE f 2.18.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Eagle, wings outspread,

standing r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 286. Thunder-

bolt.

294. JE <- 3.32. Rev. to 1., E.

295. JE f 2.96. Rev. monogram off flan.

Waage, p. 18, 195, suggests an attri-

bution to Seleucia Pieria for the above

issue; S. Ben-Dor also proposes an at-

tribution to Seleucia, but during De-

metrius's First Reign: "Some New Seleu-

cid Coins," PEQ 1948, pp. 59-61. The

monogram E, however, strongly in-

dicates its issuance at Antioch.

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r., fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter; to

1., Ill; beneath throne, star

above A (296) or Z (297) or

A (298).

Tetra drachms.

296. JR f 16.72. E. Button 110, 9 Oct.

1964, 808; E. Button 107, 1 Jan.

1963,779. SMA 327.

297. JR / 16.59. Rev. Z rendered E. SMA

329.

298. JR / 16.59.

Obv. Type as 296; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Dionysus standing 1., holding

kantharos and scepter; outer 1.

field monogram or symbol

if any, off flan; in inner 1.

field, ATTP (184 S.E. = 129/8

B.C.).

299. JE f 6.39. See BMC, p. 82, 12; Babe-

lon 1261-67 for bronze issues of

the same type.

Obv. Winged bust of Eros r.; dotted

border.

Sykia Seleucis

19

Obv. As 296.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Athena standing 1., holding

Nike with r. hand, spear with

1. arm, and resting 1. hand on

shield; to 1., W3 above A (303)

or Z (304).

Drachms.

303. JR f 4.09. SMA 336.

304. JR \ 4.05. MuM 41, 18 Jun. 1970,

298. SMA 337.

Obv. As 296.

Rev. Inscription and type as 296;

to 1., r*T; beneath throne, A.

Tetradrachm.

305. JR / 16.56. SMA 339.

Obv. As 299.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Double cornucopiae bound

with fillet.

Drachm.

306. JR / 3.94. Rev. to 1., Pf above A.

Auctiones 4, 26 Nov. 1974, 173;

Leu-MuM, 3 Dec. 1965 (Niggeler),

472. Jameson 1741 (this coin);

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SMA 342 (this coin).

307. JE f 8.83. Rev. to 1., A above club;

to r., TT. Babelon 1307; SNG-

CopSgria 368.

Obv. Prow of galley r.; above,

Dioscuri caps; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Tripod holding palm branch-

es; to 1., A above club; to r., TT.

308. JE f 4.17. See BMC, p. 84, 31; Babe-

lon 1333-34 for bronze issues of

similar type with different sym-

bols or monograms.

Obv. As 299.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Nike standing 1., holding

wreath and palm branch; to 1.,

Kf above A.

Hemidrachm.

309. JR / 2.03. De Clercq 224.

Obv. Head of Alexander in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 309;

to 1., H* above aphlaston.

310. JE J 5.89. See BMC, p. 83, 26-27

for bronze issues of similar type.

Obv. As 296.

Rev. Inscription and type as 296;

to 1., E; beneath throne, Z.

Tetradrachm.

311. JR j 16.58. Obv. die of SMA 347, pi.

10; rev. monograms of SMA 348.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Alexander r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Athena standing 1., holding

Nike and spear; shield at feet.

312. JE J 9.59. Rev. to 1., I above aphlas-

ton (?) BMC, p. 83, 17-18.

313. JE f 7.17. Rev. to 1., E above palm

branch.

Obv. Head of Alexander in ele-

phant's skin r.; dotted border.

20

Arthub Houghton Collection

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIO-

CHUS VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra,

diademed and wearing stepha-

ne and veil, and Antiochus,

diademed, r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

0EAZ KAI BAZIAEQZ AN-

TIOXOY Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., IE; beneath

throne, A.

Tetra drachm.

316. /R f 16.57. SMA 360.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 316. Owl

perched on overturned am-

phora.

317. JE f 6.18. Rev. to r., IE; below, 9P

(190 S.E. = 123/2 B.C.) and

aphlaston. BMC, p. 87, 13.

318. JE f 5.85. Rev. below amphora, ASP

(191 S.E. = 122/1 B.C.) and

aphlaston; other symbols or mo-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

nograms, if any, indistinguishable.

See Babelon 1353-54 for bronze

issues of similar type with the

same date.

319. JE f 6.35. As 318.

Obv. Diademed female bust wearing

kalathos r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 316. Tiller on

pedestal; to 1., IE above A9P

(191 S.E. = 121/1 B.C.).

320. JE f 2.93. Rev. below, aphlaston.

BMC, p. 87, 16-17; Babelon

1355-56.

321. JE f 3.48. Rev. below, palm branch.

ANTIOCHUS VIII FIRST REIGN

The coins of Antiochus VIII and

Antiochus IX are arranged in accordance

with the sequence proposed by Newell,

SMA, pp. 92-110, except as indicated.

However, see H. Troxell and N. Wag-

goner, "The Robert F. Kelley Bequest."

ANSMN 23 (1978), pp. 40-41, regarding

the possibility that certain coins segre-

gated by Newell into Antiochus VIII's

third and fourth reigns were struck

concurrently at Antioch.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus, crescent a-

bove head, standing 1., holding

star and scepter; to 1., IE

above A; to r.,- N; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

322. JR f 16.62. SMA 367.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 322. Eagle

standing 1., scepter behind r.

shoulder.

323. JE f 5.80. Rev. in outer 1. field, IE;

to lower 1., Bkf (BSP (?), 192

Syria Seleucis

21

ANTIOCHUS IX FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed, bearded head of

Antiochus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Athena stand-

ing 1., holding Nike and spear,

and resting 1. hand on shield;

to 1., "R above A; to r., A (329)

or A (330) or O (331); laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

329. /R f 16.72. SMA 382.

330. & j 16.58.

331. A j 16.64. SMA 385.

Obv. Type as 329; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 329. Winged

thunderbolt.

332. JE f 5.82. Rev. in outer 1. field IZI

(? placed sideways) above aphlas-

ton; in inner 1. field, 0S P (199 S.E.

= 114/3 B.C.). See BMC, p. 92,

16, where monogram is rendered

H . SMA, p. 97, fig. 22.

333. JE f 5.21. Rev. as 332, but symbol in

outer 1. field is indistinguishable.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

334. JE f 5.06. Rev. outer 1. field mono-

grams indistinguishable; in inner

1. field, B (?).

ANTIOCHUS IX SECOND REIGN

Obv. As 329.

Rev. Inscription and type as 329;

to 1., "M above A; to r., T.

Tetradrachm.

335. & f 15.78. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams of SMA 386, pi. 11.

ANTIOCHUS VIII THIRD REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus, crescent

above head, standing 1., hold-

ing star and scepter; to 1., #

above A; to r., A.

Tetradrachm.

336. JR f 16.58. SMA 388.

Obv. Type as 336; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 336. Tripod;

to 1., & above T.

Drachm.

337. A f 3.87. SMA 391.

Obv. As 337.

Rev. Inscription as 336. Nike

walking 1. holding wreath and

palm branch; to 1., ^ above

A (338) or T (339).

Hemidrachms.

338. M f 2.13. See SMA 395, a diobol with

the same monograms.

339. JR f 1.93. SMA 393.

ANTIOCHUS IX THIRD REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Nike walking

1., holding wreath; to 1., 4^

(340) above IA (341) orO (342).

Drachms.

340. M f 3.79. See SMA 404, a drachm

22

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS VIII FOURTH REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter; laurel wreath bor-

der.

Tetradrachms.

346. JR f 16.21 Rev. to 1., fe above A;

beneath throne, .

347. JR \ 16.02. Rev. to L, k above A;

beneath throne, IX SMA 407.

34 . JR f 16.35. Rev. to L, tl above A;

beneath throne, 4. .

O&w. Type as 346; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 346. Tripod;

to 1., k above A.

Drachm.

349. JR f 3.58. SMA 411.

Obv. As 349.

Rev. Inscription as 346. Double

cornucopiae bound with fillet.

350. JE f 8.11. Rev. to 1., . See Babelon

1436-37, a bronze issue of similar

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

type where monogram is rendered

E. SMA, p. 107, fig. 24.

351. JE f 7.94. Rev. 1. field monogram off

flan.

ANTIOCHUS IX FOURTH REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus,

beardless, r.; fillet (352-54)

or dotted (355) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Zeus seated 1.

on throne, holding Nike and

scepter; in outer 1. field, A

above A; in inner 1. field, H

(352) or IT (353); beneath

throne, A (352-53) or N (354);

laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

352. JR / 16.41. SMA 415.

353. JR \ 15.76. Kricheldorf 5, 5 Apr.,

1976,189.

354. JR f 15.48. SMA 418.

355. JE j 5.89. Rev. monograms off flan.

See BMC, p. 93, 20-21; Babelon

1487-89, for bronze issues of

similar type. SMA, p. 110, fig.

27.

Obv. Type as 352; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 352. Tyche

standing 1., resting r. hand

on tiller and holding cor-

nucopiae with 1.; to 1.,

above monogram, off flan

(TT?).

Drachm.

356. JR \ 3.55. See SMA 419, a drachm

with 1. field monograms JE and TT.

Obv. Head of Zeus r.

Rev. Inscription as 352. Tyche

standing 1. on prow of galley

facing r., resting r. hand on

tiller and holding cornucopiae

with 1.

357. JE f 4.31. BMC, p. 93, 26.

Syria Seleucis

23

SELEUCUS VI

Obv. Diademed and horned head of

Seleucus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY ETTI-

(DANOYZ NIKATOPOZ Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to 1., A;

above N" above A; beneath

throne A (361) or A (362-63)

or N (364) or T T (365).

Tetradrachms.

361. JR f 15.85. SMA 421.

362. JR j 16.14. Obv. die of 361. SMA

422.

363. JR f 18.22. As 362.

364. JR j 16.06. SMA 423.

366. A f 16.16. Rev. I. field monograms,

if any, off flan.

Obv. Type as 361; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 361. Nike

walking 1., holding wreath;

outer 1. field monograms, if

any, off flan.

Drachm.

366. JR / 3.89. See Naville 10, 15 Jun.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1925, 1510 for a drachm of

similar type.

Obv. As 366.

Rev. Inscription as 361. Double

cornucopiae bound with fillet;

to 1., indistinguishable mono-

gram.

Hemidrachm.

367. JR / 1.96. NFA 2, 25 Mar. 1976, 292.

Obv. Type as 361, but portrait is

without horn.

Rev. Inscription and type as 361.

368. JR f 16.03. Rev. to 1., P above A;

beneath throne, A.

369. JR / 16.19. Rev. 1. field monograms,

if any, off flan; beneath throne,

C. See SMA 424, where mono-

grams to 1. are P above A.

Obv. Type as 368; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 361. Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

column; in outer 1. field, P

above A.

370. JE / 8.07. See SMA, p. 112, fig. 28.

371. M f 8.14. Rev. in inner 1. field, A.

372. JE f 7.84. Rev. in exergue, spearhead.

Obv. Type as 368, but portrait has

beard.

Rev. Inscription and type as 361;

to 1., P above A; beneath

throne, l~P.

Tetradrachms.

373. JR T 16.32. Kastner 6, 26 Nov. 1974,

197.

374. /R / 16.23. Obv. die of 373.

Obv. Type as 373; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 366;

in outer 1. field, P (above A,

off flan?); in inner 1. field, C.

Drachm.

375. JR \ 3.89. Sotheby, 22 Apr. 1970, 242.

Obv. As 375.

24

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS XFIRST AND SECOND

REIGNS

The two brief periods during which

Antiochus X ruled Antioch were inter-

rupted when the city was captured and

held by the forces of Antiochus XI and

Philip Philadelphus c. 93 B.C. (Bellin-

ger, End of the Seleucids, pp. 73-74).

The coins of Antiochus X have not been

differentiated as to reigns (on the assump-

tion that it might be possible to do so),

and all are catalogued in this section.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EY-

ZEBOYZ QIAOTTATOPOZ

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter;

laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

379. A f 15.64. Rev. to 1., [Si above A;

beneath throne, A. DeClercq252;

Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925, 1513.

380. A 1 15.48. Rev. to 1., 1 above A;

beneath throne, TT.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

381. A f 15.90. Rev. to 1., 1 above A;

beneath throne, A. SMA 430.

382. A \ 16.23. Obv. portrait has side-

burns. Rev. to 1., 5 above A;

beneath throne, A.

Obv. Type as 379; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 379. Tyche

wearing polos standing 1., r.

hand on tiller and holding

cornucopiae with 1.; to 1., Z

above A.

Drachms.

383. A / 3.66. SMA 431.

384. A / 3.84. As 383.

Obv. As 383.

Rev. Inscription as 379. Dioscuri

caps adorned with stars.

385. JE f 7.50. Rev. to 1., 5 . BMC,

p. 97, 3-5; Babelon 1533-35.

SMA, p. 114, fig. 30.

386. JE f 7.44. Rev. below Dioscuri caps,

KC (= PC). BMC, p. 97, 6;

Babelon 1532.

ANTIOCHUS XI

The single tetradrachm of Antiochus

XI known to Newell at the time of

publication of SMA supported his

judgement that this king ruled at An-

tioch for only a few weeks in 93 B.C.

(SMA, pp. 115-17; see also Bellinger,

End of the Seleucids, pp. 74-75). The

existence of at least three different

obverse dies (two represented below,

another in the British Museum: M. J.

Price, "Becent Coin Acquisitions by the

British Museum," Archaeological Re-

ports 20 [1973-74], Athens, 1974, p. 69,

13) now known to have been used on

Antiochus's coinage, and the develop-

ment of sideburns on his final issue,

suggests that his hold on Antioch was

considerable longer, perhaps the better

part of a year.

Syria Seleucis

25

L, ft above A; beneath throne

A; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

390. JR f 15.92. SMA 434 (where upper 1.

monogram is rendered H).

Obv. Type as 389 but portrait is

bearded; irregular border.

Rev. Inscription as 390. Artemis

holding bow and drawing ar-

row from quiver; to 1., in-

distinguishable monogram;

dotted border.

391. J E f 2.33.

Obv. As 390, but portrait is bearded.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ . AHMHTPIOY

OIAOTTATOPOZ ZQTHPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter; to

1., N above A; beneath throne,

A; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

392. M f 15.37. Obv. die of Babelon 1570.

SMA 435.

PHILIP I PHILADELPHUS

Obv. Diademed head of Philip r.;

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:24 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ OIAITTTTOY ETTI-

OANOYZ OIAAAEAOOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter;

laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

393. A f 15.91. Rev. in outer 1. field, N

above A; to L, of Zeus's legs, A;

beneath throne, A.

394. JR f 14.86. Rev. to L, of Zeus's legs,

N; beneath throne, A.

395. J E f 13.60. Rev. monograms, if any,

indistinguishable.

396. JE T 12.14. As 395.

Waage, p. 23, 246-49, categorizes

bronze coins similar to 395-96 as con-

temporary forgeries, struck at Antioch,

Seleucia Pieria or possibly Dura Euro-

pus during Philip's reign or under

the Romans in the first century B.C.

She cites four examples from Seleucia,

two from the excavations at Dura (see

Bellinger, Dura, p. 6, 109a and p. 12,

193b), and suggests that the forger used

different dies which may have been

copied from Philip's tetradrachm issues,

or which may have been discarded but

undestroyed dies from the mint of An-

tioch.

In fact, the above two coins and those

Waage cites from Seleucia give every

evidence of having been regular coinage,

struck at Antioch and meant for circula-

tion. Their distribution and the relative-

ly large number of examples now known

suggest a significant issue with broad

acceptance. As Waage notes, moreover,

they appear to have been struck from

different tetradrachm dies. While a

forger might have access to one set of

discarded dies, the use of many seems

highly unlikely and suggests instead that

26

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS XIII

The occupation of Antioch by Antio-

chus XIII from 69/8-67/6 B.C. ended

with his military defeat and the assump-

tion of the throne by Philip II Barypous,

son of Philip Philadelphus. Antiochus

was returned to the city in 65/4 B.C.,

but could not be confirmed as king by

Pompey, who formally annexed Syria in

64 B.C. (Bellinger, End of the Seleucids,

pp. 82-85; see also F. Holt, "Cicero and

"Sampsiceramus', a Factor in the For-

mation of the First Triumvirate,"

Essays in History 25 [1981], Charlottes-

ville, pp. 52-56).

A. R. Bellinger, "Notes on Some Coins

from Antioch in Syria," ANSMN 5

(1952), pp. 53-55, has suggested that a

unique bronze coin in New York may

have been issued during a joint reign at

Antioch of Antiochus XIII and his

mother, Cleopatra Selene, in 92 B.C. The

following tetradrachms were struck un-

der Antiochus as sole ruler, undoubtedly

during the king's first tenure at Antioch.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

No coinage has been identified for

Philip II.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIAA-

AEA<DOY Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., 1*3; laurel wreath

border.

Tetradrachms.

399. A f 15.55. SAfA 460.

400. A j 15.46. Rev. beneath throne, P.

Rev. die of SMA 461, pi. 13.

SYRIA SELEUCIS: SELEUCIA PIERIA

Shortly after its founding by Seleucus I in 300 B.C., the mint at Seleucia Pieria began

operations with the issuance of both silver and bronze coinage, the former of the same type

and using dies cut by the same hand as those of Alexander-type tetradrachms struck under

Antigonus at Antigonea.1 The mint appears to have closed shortly after the accession of

Antiochus I, possibly because the need for the production of coinage at Seleucia had been

obviated by the growing capacity of the mint at Antioch. No mint activity is recorded at

Seleucia from the reign of Antiochus I to that of Antiochus IV.

About 246 B.C. Ptolemy III seized the city, which remained under Egyptian control until

its recapture by Antiochus III in 219 B.C. Antiochus IV struck municipal bronze coinage at

Seleucia and possibly some tetradrachms (404). Special status appears to have been con-

ferred on the city by Alexander I Balas, under whom a wide variety of coinage was struck,

including two monumental tetradrachm issues (407 and 409), local coinage both with

and without the king's portrait, and a bronze "federal" coinage (a series inscribed

AAEAOQN AHMQN), apparently meant for circulation in both Seleucia and Antioch.

The activity of Seleucia's mint seems to have been only sporadic thereafter. Demetrius

II may have struck issues at the city during his first reign (411), and coinage is recorded

for Antiochus VII, Demetrius IPs second reign, Alexander II Zabinas, possibly Antiochus

VIII and Demetrius III.8

1 WSM, pp. 84-86.

8 Antiochus VII: G. Macdonald, "Seltene und unedierte Seleukidenmunzen," ZfN 1912, p. 99,27, a

bronze issue dated AOP (174 S.E. = 139/8 B.C.), see Seyrig, Notes, p. 13, n. 21; Antiochus VIII:

BMC, p. 90, 29; see Waage, p. 21, 235.

Syria Seleucis

27

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to 1., i;

beneath throne, KP.

Tetradrachm.

401. JR -> 17.14. J. Schulman, 3 May 1962,

1273. Obv. die A3 of WSM 890.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.; dot-

ted border.

Rev. ZEAEYKEQN above thunder-

bolt; below, M .

402. JE \ 8.42. WSM 897.

Obv. As 402.

Rev. (BAZI?) ZEAE Inverted an-

chor on thunderbolt; dotted

border.

403. JE f 0.91. Tentatively attributed to

Seleucia on the basis of its obverse

type and the thunderbolt symbol

on its reverse. Antioch is an

alternative possibility as an is-

suing mint. Said to be from

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Lebanon.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus,

star above forehead, r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to

1. M; in exergue, IA ; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

404. JR f 16.35. Obv. die of O. Morkholm,

"Some Western Seleucid Coins,"

INJ 3 (1965-66), p. 9, pt. II, 2.

Said to be from the Ma'aret en-

Numan Hoard (CH 6, 37, "Syria"

CH 7, 97).

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. ZEAEYKEQN TQN EM TTIE-

PIAI Thunderbolt; above,

E; below, <H ; wreath bor-

der.

405. JE f 7.67. BMC, p. 42, 83-84; Babe-

1on 647.

406. JE f 7.32. Obv. die of 405.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Jugate busts of Alexander,

diademed, and Cleopatra Thea

as Tyche, diademed, and

wearing veil and kalathos, r.;

to 1., A above cornucopiae;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9E0TTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike who bears thun-

derbolt, and rests 1. hand on

scepter.

Tetradrachm.

407. JR f 17.01. Obv. die of SNGCopSyria

267; rev. die of JVC 1904, p.

28

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Thunderbolt; above EP

(166 S.E. = 147/6 B.C.) and

EH; below, BY ; border

composed of alternating open

and closed ears of grain.

Tetradrachm.

409. JR \ 16.66. A. Houghton, "A Tetra-

drachm of Seleucia Pieria at the

Getty Museum: An Archaizing

Zeus and the Accession of Alex-

ander Balas in Northern Syria,"

The J. Paul Getty Museum Jour-

nal 10 (1982), p. 153, Al-Pl (this

coin).

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. ZEAEYKEQN EM TTIEPIAI

Tripod; to 1., indistinguishable

monogram; to r., A E (placed

sideways); laurel wreath bor-

der.

410. JE f 4.91.

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY (DIAAAEAOOY NIKA-

TOPOZ Nude Apollo seated

1. on omphalos, holding

arrow and bow; to 1., A; to

lower r., ll or tl; in exergue,

BOP (172 S.E. = 141/0 B.C.).

Tetradrachm.

411. A f 16.66. For two other related

tetradrachms, see MuM 52, 19

Jun. 1975, 213 (same obv. die,

date off flan) and O. Morkholm,

"Some Western Seleucid Coins,"

INJ 3 (1965-66), p. 11, pt. Ill,

dated AOP (171 S.E. = 142/1

B.C.). Tentative attribution.

Morkholm suggests Laodicea as

an equally credible possibility for

the issuing mint of coins of the

above type.

DEMETRIUS II

SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed, bearded head of

Demetrius r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY NIKATOPOZ Thunder-

bolt; below, E; laurel wreath

border.

Hemidrachm.

412. JR f 1.98. Dies of De Clercq 205.

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

ETTIOANOYZ NIKHOOPOY

Thunderbolt; laurel wreath

border.

413. JE f 4.23. Babelon 886 ("Alexandre

I Bala"), with the inscription

catalogued as ETTIOANOYZ

only, and with the monogram

Syria Seleucis

29

SYRIA SELEUCIS: "APAMEA"

Founded by Seleucus I as a garrison, Apamea appears to have had little importance as a

hellenistic mint. The city may have struck a single royal bronze issue of Seleucus (WSM

1128), and possibly some later silver coinage.1 Under Antiochus IV and Alexander I

Balas, Apamea issued local coinage bearing the king's portrait.2 No later Seleucid coins

have been attributed to this city.3

Pending a study which would clarify the activity of the mint of Apamea in the third

century and satisfactorily establish the attribution of issues given by Newell to this city,

the coins of Seleucus I Antiochus III in this section have been catalogued in accordance

with WSM.

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Elephant standing r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZZEAEYKOY Head

of horned and bridled horse 1.;

below, anchor.

415. J E / 1A1. WSM 1128.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Shield, tripod as center de-

vice; dotted border.

Rev. BAZI ANT I Bow in case;

dotted border.

416. JE -> 2.58. WSM 1133.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding bow and arrow.

Tetradrachms.

417. Al l 17.08. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., M.

Obv. die and rev. monogram M

of WSM 1135-36.

418. A / 17.21. Rev. to r., (P. Obv. die and

rev. monogram of WSM 1142a.

"INTERREGNUM"

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus I

r.; dotted border.

Rev. ZQTHPOZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

419. 17.01. Obv. die of WSM 1144a-e.

420. JR j 16.87. Obv. die of WSM 1144

421. M j 17.21. Obv. die of WSM 1144p.-.

Obv. As 419.

Rev. ZQTHPOZ ANTIOXOY In-

verted anchor flanked by

Dioscuri caps; to r.,

422. JE f 3.59. WSM 1145.

1 See O. Morkholm, "A Summary of Recent Scholarship: Additions and Corrections," WSM 2nd Ed.

(1977), p. vi, for a review of published material reattributing certain coins assigned by Newell to

Apamea. Houghton, Tarik Darreh, pp. 3841, suggests the reattribution to Antioch of coinage of

Seleucus II and Antiochus III with the monogram e% Other issues given by Newell to this mint, per-

haps including those of Antiochus I and II, may also have been struck at another city.

2 O. Morkholm has also attributed to Apamea bronze coinage struck by Alexander with the portrait

and name of Antiochus IV (see 564).

8 Under Tigranes II, Apamea struck dated autonomous bronze coinage between 76/5 and 68/7 B.C.,

but this right appears to have been withdrawn by Antiochus XIII. The city was taken by Pompey in

63 B.C.: Seyrig, res, p. 85.

30

Arthur Houghton Collection

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border on 424-26.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1. holding

arrow and bow.

Staters.

423. Al f 8.56. Rev. to 1. 2 ; to r., "X.

Obv. die of WSM 1010 ("An-

tioch"). Houghton, Tarik Dar-

reh, p. 33, 6 (this coin).

424. Al f 8.49. Rev. to 1., to r., JE .

See WSM 1148, a tetradrachm

with the same monograms.

425. Al f 8.51. Rev. to L, ^; to r., C3>.

Houghton, Tarik Darreh, p. 33,

7 (this coin).

426. Al / 8.48. Rev. to 1., to r., .

Houghton, Tari/r Darreh, p. 33,

8 (this coin).

Obv. As 423; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Tetradrachms.

427. JR f 17.02. Rev. to 1., to r., N .

Dies of WSM 1146 (where r. field

monogram is rendered N).

428. JR f 16.99. Rev. to 1., ^; to r., S .

O/w. die and rev. monograms of

WSM 1153CC-6.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Hum-

ped bull standing 1.; to lower

1., fr.

429. JE f 5.04. WSM 1158.

Obv. Type as 427; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Rider,

caped and with spear in r.

hand, on horse rearing 1.;

below belly, ^X.

430. JE f 25.73. WSM 1162.

Obv. As 427.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Horse

standing 1., 1. foreleg raised.

431. JE f 3.90. Rev. below belly, W. WSM

1166.

432. JE f 3.97. Rev. below belly, shield

with inverse anchor as center

device. WSM 1178.

Obv. Diademed, bearded bust of

Seleucus r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Pe-

gasus flying 1.

433. JE f 3.63. WSM 1167.

Obv. Bust of Athena in Corinthian

helmet r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and palm branch.

434. JE f 10.17. Rev. toi.,^7\. WSM 1169.

435. JE / 8.28. Rev. Nike's 1. hand rests

on shield with inverse anchor as

center device; monograms, if any,

off flan. See WSM 1175-77 for

bronze issues of same type.

Syria Sei.eucis

31

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. ATTAMEQN TON TTPOZ TO I

AEIQI Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter; in exergue, M (pos-

sibly N<).

440. JE f 7.65. See BMC, p. 41, 81; Babe-

1on 665-70, for bronze issues of

similar type with different mono-

grams.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

See 564, a bronze issue with the por-

trait and name of Antiochus IV, attribut-

ed by O. Merkholm to Alexander Balas

and assigned to Apamea in the year S.E.

162 (151/0 B.C.).

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. ATTAMEQN Zeus standing 1.,

holding Corinthian helmet

and scepter; to 1., TEP (163

S.E. = 150/9 B.C.)

441. JE f 7.54. 7.54. Rev. to outer 1., &.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

BMC, p. 57, 64-65; Babelon 912.

442. JE f 7.26. Rev. to outer 1., k . Babe-

1on 913.

443. JE / 8.34. Rev. to outer 1., W \ coun-

terstamp: palm branch within

rectangle.

Local bronze issues of Apamea with

Alexander's portrait appear to have

been struck only in the second year of

the king's reign, 163 S.E. An exceptional

issue of Alexander with the posthumous

portrait of Antiochus IV was struck in

162 S.E. (see 564, below).

SYRIA SELEUCIS: LAODICEA AD MARE

From its founding by Seleucus I at the beginning of the third century B.C. through the

reign of Antiochus III, Laodicea appears to have confined its mint activity to the issuance

of royal silver, which ceased with Antiochus's death. The city later struck municipal

bronze coinage under Antiochus IV and Alexander Balas. A brief tetradrachm issue may

have been struck at Laodicea (or Seleucia Pieria) during the first reign of Demetrius II in

Syria;1 no later Seleucid coinage has been attributed to this city, which was granted

autonomy under Tigranes II in 81 B.C.2

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; to 1., dol-

phin above Fc; beneath throne,

*W; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

444. Al / 16.92. WSM 1204.

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv.

Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow, to 1.,

^; in exergue, indistinguish-

able monogram ( P? ?).

Tetradrachm.

445. JR / 16.65. See WSM 1230-31, tetra-

drachms with similar monograms.

32

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv.

Diademed bust of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. AAOAIKEQN TON UPOZ

9AAAZZHI Poseidon stand-

ing facing, head 1., holding

dolphin in r. hand and trident

in 1.

446. JE f 4.32. Kastner 12, 30 Nov. 1976,

144. Babelon 658-59; SNGCop-

Syria 218-19.

ALEXANDER IBALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. AAOAIKEQN TON TTPO! 9A-

AAZZHI Zeus standing facing,

head L, holding wreath in r.

hand; in outer 1. field, IZ; to 1.

of feet, dolphin.

447. JE f 3.65. BMC, p. 57, 67; Babelon

924 (where the monogram is given

as Z). The reverse deity of the

Paris and London coins is catalo-

gued as Poseidon. The absence

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of a trident or any other feature

which would positively identify

the figure as the sea-god suggests

instead that it is the wreath-

bearing Zeus common to cities of

the Syrian coast. Under Alexan-

der a bronze issue was struck at

Laodicea with the reverse type of

a seated Poseidon holding a tri-

dent and with the same mono-

gram as 447 (SNGFitz 5708).

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

See 411, a tetradrachm of Demetrius

of a type which Merkholm has attributed

to either Seleucia Pieria or Laodicea.

SYRIA SELEUCIS: HIEROPOLIS (BAMBYCE)

In the Seleucid era, Hierapolis struck rare silver coinage under Seleucus I,1 evidently

ceasing to function thereafter until it was reopened by Antiochus IV and, later, Alexander I

Balas.2 No other Seleucid issues are known for this city.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus; dotted border.

Rev. HIEPOTTOAITON Zeus stand-

ing facing, head 1., holding

wreath in outstretched r.

hand; to 1., above lion

standing 1., head reverted; to

r.,S.

448. JE f 8.89. Sternberg, 25 Nov. 1976,

631. See BMC, p. 40, 59-60;

Babelon 645-46, for bronze is-

sues of similar type with different

monograms.

1 Seyrig cites only one example: H. Seyrig. "Monnaies helldnistiques XIX: Le monnayage de Hiera-

polis de Syrie h l'epoque d'Alexandre," RN 1971, pp. 16 and 21,14.

* Alexander I Balas: Babelon, p. cv.

ClLICIA

33

SYRIA SELEUCIS: CYRRHUS

During the Seleucid period, Cyrrhus's coinage was limited to the striking of municipal

types with the king's portrait under Alexander I Ralas, only in the year 164 S.E. (149/8

R.C.).

ALEXANDER IBALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. KYPPHZTQN Zeus standing

facing, head 1., holding

wreath; to 1., # and A EP

(164 S.E. = 149/8 B.C.) above

owl; in exergue, IZ (?).

449. JE f 6.20. See BMC, p. 56, 59-60;

Babelon 902-6 for bronze issues

of similar type with different

monograms.

CILICIA: TARSUS

Active under the satraps of Persia as well as Alexander and his immediate successors,

the mint of Tarsus continued to produce gold and silver coinage for Seleucus I following his

capture of Cilicia from Demetrius Poliorcetes in c. 294 B.C.1 Thereafter, Tarsus appears to

have operated continuously as a Seleucid mint through the reign of Demetrius I, with the

exception of a brief period of occupation by Ptolemaic forces between c. 246 and 243 B .C.2

The great rarity of Tarsid coin issues from the reign of Alexander I Balas (No. 475), the

first reign of Demetrius II* and that of Antiochus VI,4 suggests that the mint's activity

was limited and discontinuous in the troubled period between the death of Demetrius I

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

and the accession of Antiochus VII. A resurgence of production occurred under the latter

king, however, which was maintained through the final reign in Cilicia of Antiochus IX.

The last known Seleucid issue of Tarsus was struck by Seleucus VI.6

1 As Newell noted in discussing the attribution of issues such as No. 450, the assignment to Tarsus

of early Seleucid coinages poses particular difficulty. One is on increasingly firm ground with the issues

of Antiochus I and later (but see comment following 604 regarding the problem of attributing coins of

Seleucus II to either Tarsus or Sardes). For the pre-Seleucid coinage of Tarsus, see E. T. Newell,

"Tarsus under Alexander," AJN 52 (1918), pp. 83-84; E. T. Newell, The Coinages of Demetrius Polior-

cetes (London, 1927), pp. 48-58; Cox, Tarsus, pp. 38-43.

8 WSM, pp. 222-23. Cox, Tarsus, p. 45, suggests that this mint closed during the war between

Antiochus III and Rome, but the prolific coinage now known to have been struck by Antiochus at

Tarsus indicates no discontinuity of mint production during this period.

3 M. Thompson, "Some Noteworthy Greek Accessions," ANSMN 12 (1966), p. 17, 23.

* J. A. Seeger, "An Unpublished Drachm of Antiochus VI," NC 1972, p. 305. A tetradrachm of

Antiochus VI of Tarsus, said to be from the Kirikhan hoard (CH 1 [1975], 87; CH 2 [1976], 90),

has been described to the author.

6 G. Le Rider, "Monnaies grecques recemment acquises par le Cabinet de Paris," RN 1969, p. 15, 8,

the only coin known to have been struck at this mint by Seleucus, whose Cilician base appears to have

been at Seleucia ad Calycadnum (q.v.).

34

Arthur Houghton Coliection

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to L, ;

beneath throne, M; dotted

border.

Tetradrachm.

450. JR / 17.11. Obv. die of WSM 1290.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; to 1., bunch

of grapes; beneath throne,

W above *; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

461. JR f 17.07. Sternberg 8, 16 Nov. 1978,

177. Obv. die of WSM 1294.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Caps

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of Dioscuri; below, I; dotted

border.

452. JE I 7.18. See WSM 1299-1300 for

bronze issues of similar type with

different monograms.

453. JE I 7.33. Rev. monogram is indistin-

guishable.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antio-

chus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; in

exergue, ^ IT; dotted bor-

der.

Tetradrachm.

454. /R f 16.90. Dies of WSM 1307a.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing L, holding wreath

and palm branch (?); to

lower 1., NC; to lower r., W.

Stater.

455. AI f 8.58. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 30, 2 (this coin). See WSM

1308, a stater with the same 1.

field monogram; WSM 1311, a

tetradrachm with the same mo-

nograms.

Obv. As 454.

Rev. Inscription and type as 454;

no border.

Tetradrachms.

456. A f 17.01. Rev. in exergue, NC AI.

Dies of A. Newell, "A Note on

Western Seleucid Mints No. 1310:

Antiochus II at Tarsus," ANSMN

2 (1949), p. 13; rev. die of WSM

1310(3.

457. JR f 17.14. Obv. die of 456. Rev. to 1.,

NC; in exergue, AI. MuM 25, 17

Nov. 1962, 475. Boehringer,

ClLICIA

35

SELEUCUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

A; to r., W.

Tetradrachm.

460. JR f 17.10. Dies of Seyrig, Trisors,

1. 3-8 (this coin is possibly 1.4).

ANTIOCHUS III

The attribution of the following coins

of Antiochus III through Demetrius I is

based on O. Morkholm, Cilicia and H.

Seyrig, "Un Symbole Monelaire de

Tarse," Milanges Mansel (Ankara, 1974),

pp. 263-64.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

461. JR f 16.98. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., W

(rendered ft ). Bourgey, 21 Jun.

1979, 104. Obv. die of WSM

1252.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1251-52; rep. monograms of WSM

462. JR f 17.05. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., HP.

See WSM 1261 for similar obverse

style and r. field monogram.

463. JR f 17.20. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., |SK;

in exergue, club. Obv. die and

rev. monograms of WSM 1260.

464. JR f 16.84. Rev. to 1., ZA above club;

to r., NC. WSM 1268.

Drachm.

465. JR \ 4.19. Rev. to L, ZA above traces

of monogram or symbol; to r., 4 .

Numismatic Art and Ancient

Coins 2, 15 May 1981, 94.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

ZA above club; to r., AT.

Tetradrachm.

466. JR \ 17.19. NFA 8, 6 Jun. 1980, 334.

See Tyre 22-23 for other issues of

Seleucus IV struck at Tarsus.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

467. JR f 16.84. Rev. toi.,W above club;

to r., R. MuM 37, 5 Dec. 1968,

240. Tyre 32b ("Tyre").

468. JR f 16.69. Rev. to 1., W ; to r., R; in

exergue, club. Obv. die of Hunter

3, p. 42, 5 with similar monograms

and bird's wing to lower 1. on rev.

469. JR f 16.90. Obv. die of 468. Rev. to I.,

W above bird's wing; to r., W;

in exergue, club. MuM 37, 5 Dec.

36

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; laurel wreath border.

Rev. BAZIAEQ ZAHMHTPIOY Ty-

che seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing scepter and cornucopiae.

Tetra drachms.

473. A f 16.75. Rev. tei., M above club.

to r., fid above bird's wing.

474. A f 16.87. Rev. to outer 1., VR; toi. of

Tyche's legs, bird's wing; beneath

cornucopiae, W; in exergue, club.

See Tyre 44-46b; SNGCopSyria 245

("Tyre") for other tetradrachms of

Demetrius struck at Tarsus.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r., fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9EOTTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Sandan standing r., on back of

horned and winged lion; in

exergue, & ; no other visible

monogram.

Drachm.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

475. A f 3.79. See Cox, Tarsus, p. 52

(= F. Imhoof-Blumer, Monnaies

grecques [Leipzig, 1883], p. 433,

96), a drachm now in Berlin

struck from different dies which

carries the 1. field monogram tXP;

in exergue, AI.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EYEP-

TETOY Nike walking 1.,

holding wreath.

Drachms.

476. A f 4.13. Rev. to 1., NE above Z.

NFA 5, 23 Feb. 1978, 205.

477. A \ 3.94. Obv. die of 476. Rev., to 1.,

K above NE.

Nos. 476-77 are related by monogram

to later issues struck at Tarsus under

Demetrius II (480-81, below). See

Houghton, Second Reign, p. 116, n. 5

regarding the production at Tarsus of

"standard" silver by Antiochus VII

concurrently with issues bearing San-

dan-type reverses, such as 479.

478. A f 3.89. Rev. to 1., A above W .

Obv. Type as 476; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 476. Sandan

standing r. on back of horned

and winged lion; to 1., W ,

cut by edge of flan; to r., AI.

479. A f 4.10. A die duplicate in the

author's collection shows the 1.

monogram fully.

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

With the exception of 481, references

to die combinations, where given, are

to coins in Houghton, Second Reign.

Obv. Diademed head of young De-

metrius r., beardless; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

ClLlCIA

37

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Sandan standing r. on back of

horned and winged lion.

Drachms.

486. A f 3.77. Rev. to L, H above NE.

487. A f 4.08. Rev. tel., A (A?) above

NE; to r., monograms or symbol,

if any, off flan. Leu 13, 29 Apr.

1975, 309. See Babelon 1295;

Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925, 1375,

each from the same dies as 487,

with club in r. field.

ANTIOCHUS VIII

The extensive coinage struck at Tar-

sus by Antiochus VIII and his brother

Antiochus IX during their successive

occupations of the city have been ten-

tatively divided into reigns by Cox, Tar-

sus, pp. 52-54. Die analysis of the late

Seleucid coinages of this mint, however,

suggests the need for revisions in Cox's

proposed coin series, and possibly the

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

regnal periods she assigns to Antiochus

VIII and IX. Pending the publication of

a study which would clarify the activity

of the mint of Tarsus during this period,

however, the silver issues of these kings

have been catalogued according to Cox's

order, but listed separately under each

ruler.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

QANOYZ Monument or pyre,

within which Sandan stands

r. on back of horned and

winged lion.

Tetradrachms.

488. A f 16.60. Rev. in exergue, 1 R(=

IFJ). K. Kress 132, 8 Feb. 1965,

278. Cox, First Reign.

489. A f 16.38. Rev. to L, fa above ME.

Cox, Third Reign.

490. A f 16.33. Obv. die of 489. Rev. to I.,

W above ME. Leu-MuM, 3 Dec.

1965 (Niggeler), 475. Cox, Third

Reign.

Obv. As 488.

Rev. Inscription as 488. Sandan

standing r. on back of horned

and winged lion; to 1. A,

partly off flan, above ME.

Drachms.

491. A f 4.15, MuM 41, 18 Jun. 1970, 299.

Cox, Third Reign. See BMC,

p. 89, 21, for a tetradrachm with

the same monograms.

492. A f 3.72. Obv. die of 491.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Monument or

pyre within which Sandan

38

AitTHLR Houghton Collection

Obv. Diademed, horned head of

Antiochus, beardless.

Rev. Inscription as 493. Sandan

standing r. on back of horned

and winged lion; to 1., A

above TT.

Drachm.

497. JR f 3.89. Cox, Third Reign.

The following coins appear to be

related as a group by the presence of the

monogram E on all examples recorded,

with the exception of Babelon 1499, whose

monogram N< also appears on the reverses

of 498-99 and 501, below. The three

types also form a set of multiples, al-

though this is not necessarily deter-

minative of a common origin.

Bellinger, End of the Seleucids, p. 91,

suggests an attribution of these coins to

Apamea. The more likely issuing mint is

Tarsus, where the monograms NK and I*1

both appear on silver coinage of Antio-

chus IX. See also H. Nicolet, "Monnaies

de bronze de Cilicie," RN 1971, p. 29, 34,

regarding the possible Cilician origin of

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

types similar to 500-501, examples of

which have been found at Tarsus itself

(Cox, Tarsus, p. 68, 108-9).

Obv. Diademed, bearded head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 493. Dionysus

standing 1., holding kantha-

ros and thyrsos; to 1., E

above NK.

498. JE * 10.09. BMC, p. 93, 22; Babelon

1484-86.

499. JE f 9.53. As 498.

Rev. Inscription as 493. Athena

walking r., holding spear and

shield; in inner field, E.

500. JE f 4.82. Rev. in outer L field, in-

distinguishable monogram. See

BMC, p. 93,23 (where monograms

are recorded as Eand NC); Babelon

1499 (NC); Babelon 1500 (TT and E).

501. JE f 4.62. Rev. in outer 1. field, NC.

Rev. Inscription as 493; tripod;

to 1., E above I*1 .

502. JE f 2.31.

CILICIA: MOPSUS

Mopsus was of only peripheral importance as a hellenistic mint. It struck municipal

bronze issues with the portrait of Antiochus IV,1 and tetradrachms during the first reign of

Demetrius II and under Antiochus IX.2 No other Seleucid coinage is known to have been

issued at this city.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. ZEAEYKEQN TON TTPOZ

TO I TTYPAMQI Artemis facing,

drawing arrow from quiver

with r. hand and holding bow

with 1.; to 1., A (?); to r., E".

503. JE \ 4.20. See H. von Aulock, "Die

Munzpragung dor kilikischen

Stadt Mopsos," AA 1963, 237-38,

2 and pi. 1, 3-5, where 1. mono-

gram is either i (a and |3) or Af

(y and 8).

Cll.ICIA

39

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

9EOY OIAAAEAOOY NIKA-

TOPOZ Nude Apollo seated 1.

on omphalos, holding arrow

and bow; to 1., fire altar; to r.,

beneath king's name, fYP .

Tetradrachm.

604. JR f 16.56.

CILICIA: MALLUS

Judging from its very few recorded issues, and despite the significance of its dependent

sanctuary Magarsus, the center of the cult of Athena Magarsia, Mallus's importance as a

Seleucid mint must have been limited. No Seleucid coins of this city are known to have

been struck before the reign of Demetrius I, nor after that of Antiochus IX.1

References are to the coins in Houghton,

Studies Mildenberg.

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; to 1., M; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Athe-

na Magarsia facing, fore-

arms outstretched, holding

spear and with rosettes above

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

each shoulder; to 1., O; to r.,

B" (?).

Tetradrachm.

60S. JR f 16.68. Houghton 1.

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; to 1., M; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

OIAAAEAOOY NIKATOPOZ

Athena Magarsia facing, fore-

arms outstretched, holding

spear and with rosettes above

each shoulder; to lower 1., *r;

to lower r., a (?).

Tetradrachm.

506. M f 14.28. Houghton 5.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; to 1., 51; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOYEYEP-

TETOY Athena Magarsia

facing, forearms outstretched,

holding spear and with roset-

tes above each shoulder; to

lower 1., & ; to lower r., W .

Tetradrachm.

507. JR f 16.56. Obv. die of Seyrig, Trisors

30.335. Houghton 14.

1 A. Houghton, "The Seleucid Mint of Mallos and the Cult Figure of Athena Magarsia," Studies

in Honor of Leo Mildenberg: Numismatics, Art History and Archaeology (Wetteren, 1984, forth-

coming).

40

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed, bearded head of

Demetrius r.; 1. field mono-

gram, if any, off flan; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

9EOY NIKATOPOZ Athena

Magarsia facing, forearms

outstretched, holding spear

and with rosettes above each

shoulder.

Tetradrachm.

508. A f 15.39. Obv. monogram off flan.

Rev. 1. field monogram off flan;

to lower r., A . Houghton 18.

Drachms.

509. A f 3.87. Obv. toi.,M. Rev. to lower

1., &; to lower r., , partly

off flan. Houghton 19.

510. JR f 3.46. As 509, but r. field

monogram is indistinguishable.

Houghton 21.

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; to 1., M; fillet border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Athena Magarsia

facing, forearms outstretched,

holding spear and with roset-

tes above each shoulder; to

lower 1., ^ .

Tetradrachm.

511. iK f 14.71. Houghton 23.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; to 1., M;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Athena Magar-

sia facing, forearms out-

stretched, holding spear and

with rosettes above each

shoulder; to lower 1., indis-

tinguishable monogram.

Tetradrachm.

512. A. f 15.86. Obv. die of Jameson 1751.

Houghton 26.

CILICIA: SOLI

The mint of Soli, which had been active during the Persian era, appears to have reopened

during the reign of Antiochus III. The city struck tetradrachms and drachms under An-

tiochus and Seleucus IV, and limited tetradrachm issues under Antiochus IV and Deme-

trius I. The monograms which appear on Soli's coinage at this time are in many cases

similar to those on contemporaneous issues of Tarsus, suggesting that both mints may have

shared the same magistrates.1 Under later Seleucid rulers Soli produced coinage irregularly.

None is recorded later than the reign of Angiochus VII.2

1 I wish to acknowledge O. Merkholm's incisive observations, provided orally, on the nature of

the administrative relationship between Tarsus and Soli during this period.

8 G. Le Rider, "Monnaies grecques recemment acquises par le Cabinet de Paris," RN 1969, p. 13, 7,

a tetradrachm with the reverse type of a seated Athena, and with the symbol owl and monograms NA .

A corresponding drachm of Soli struck under Antiochus VII with the reverse type of a seated Tyche

and with similar monograms in the exergue is in the British Museum, not in BMC.

ClLICIA

41

The attribution of the following coins

of Soli is based on, and specific referen-

ces are to, O. Markholm, Cilicia, pp.

58-62, and G. Le Rider, "Monnaies

grecques rcemment acquises par le

Cabinet de Paris," RN 1969, pp. 13-15.

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antio-

chus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

A ; to r., # .

Tetradrachm.

513. JR f 17.12. K. Kress 132, Feb. 1965,

268. Obv. and rev. dies of WSM

1282p.

Drachm.

514. JR / 4.15. Dies of WSM 1283.

Rev. Inscription and type as 513.

Tetradrachms.

515. JR / 17.09. Rev. to 1., A above head

of Athena 1.; to r., partly off flan,

<H . Dies of WSM 1284.

516. JR f 17.12. Rev. to 1., above head

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of Athena 1.; to r., Z . Obv. die

of WSM 1285-87; Rev. mono-

grams of WSM 1286.

517. JR / 16.78. Rev. to 1., A above bunch

of grapes; to r., monograms or

symbol, if any, off flan.

518. JR f 17.12. Obv. die as 517; rev. to 1.,

A above owl r., to r., A. See

WSM 1281, a drachm with the

same symbol and monograms.

519. JR f 16.69. Obv. die of 517. Rev. to L,

AI above indistinguishable sym-

bol (owl?) or monogram; to r.,

ON. A. Malloy, 15 Mar. 1974,

174.

520. JR f 17.06. Obv. die of 517. Rev. to

1., AI above owl; to r.,ON.

O. Morkholm has suggested that the

obverse die of 517-20 may have been

used at Seleucia ad Calycadnum.

Drachms.

521. JR f 3.88. Rev. to 1., indistinguishable

symbol above owl; to r., ON.

522. JR f 3.96. Obv. die of 521. Rev. 1.

field monogram and symbol off

flan; to r., ON.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Die as 521 (Head of Antiochus

III).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOYNude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

AI above owl; to r., ON.

Drachms.

523. JR f 4.04. Morkholm, p. 59, type 2.

524. JR \ 4.11. Obv. die of 523.

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. Inscription and type as 523.

Drachms.

525. JR f 4.03. Rev. 1. field symbol or

monograms, if any, off flan; to

r., ON.

526. JR f 4.22. Rev. to 1., A above owl;

42

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv.

Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

528. JR f 16.78. Said to be from the Kiri-

khan hoard (CH 1, 87; CH 2, 90).

529. A f 16.32. Dies of 528.

Rev.

BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

9EOY OIAAAEAOOY NIKA-

TOPOZ Female figure (Athe-

na-Tyche?) wearing turreted

crown seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike with 1. elbow on

shield; to 1., A above owl

above O.

The attribution of the above issue is

based on its distinctive symbol, owl,

which is represented on Cilician coins

of Alexander I Balas (Babelon 792)

and Antiochus VII (Le Rider, p. 13, 7),

whose reverses also carry a Tyche-

Athena or Athena.

CILICIA: SELEUCIA AD CALYCADNUM

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

The ambiguity of the evidence supporting an attribution of the following group of coins

to either Seleucia ad Calycadnum or to Elaeusa (Sebaste) has been pointed out by Bellinger,

Elaeusa Sebaste, pp. 27-30. Bellinger favored the latter mint in view of the fact that

certain monograms appear both on tetradrachms of Seleucus VI of this series, and on two

autonomous silver issues of Elaeusa. G. K. Jenkins, "Recent Acquisitions of Greek Coins

by the British Museum," NC 1959, pp. 44-45, has more recently supported Bellinger's

attribution. However, F. Imhoof-Blumer, "Zur syrischen Miinzkunde," NZ 1901, p. 4,

preferred Seleucia on the basis of the leaf symbolinvariably the same five-lobed leaf

carried on these coins. Imhoof-Blumer's view has been supported by P. Naster, "Les mon-

naies seleucides attributes a l'atelier d'Elaeusa Sebaste," RBN 1980, pp. 13-16, and 0.

Morkholm, "Two Seleucid Coin Notes," NC 1957, pp. 9-10, with whose judgement the

author concurs.

The earliest issue which bears the five-lobed leaf symbol and which can with assurance

be attributed to Seleucia ad Calycadnum is a unique tetradrachm of Seleucus IV in the

Hague.1 Judging from the relatively few known examples of royal coinage which were is-

sued subsequently, the production of the mint appears to have been highly sporadic

through the second century B.C., suggesting that it had no more than a peripheral role

during this period. A surge of activity evidently occurred under Seleucus VI, however,

when the mint issued coins struck from an unusually rich variety of obverse dies and

employing a large number of reverse monogramsvery probably, as Bellinger has suggested

(End of the Seleucids, p. 73, n. 64), to finance Seleucus's campaign against Antiochus IX

which culminated in his capture of Antioch in 95 B.C. No later Seleucid coinage of this

mint is known.

1 Newell assigned WSM 1330-31, tetradrachms of Seleucus III and Antiochus III, to Seleucia

ad Calycadnum on the basis of their symbol, the forepart of a horse. Such coins may well have been

struck in Cilicia, but their attribution to Seleucia is not certain.

ClLICIA

43

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOY EYEP-

TETOY Athena standing

1., holding Nike with r.

hand, spear with 1. arm, and

resting 1. hand on shield; in

outer 1. field, leaf; in inner 1.

field, owl, palm branch behind

shoulder, above Al; in exer-

gue, IZI and P.

Tetradrachm.

530. A f 17.20. Obv. die of O. Markholm,

"Two Seleucid Coin Notes," NC

1957, p. 9, 3. See also SNGCop-

Syria 342 for a similar tetra-

drachm with the owl symbol but

with different monogram combi-

nations.

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

without beard r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

9EOY NIKATOPOZ Athena

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

standing 1., holding Nike with

r. hand, spear with 1. arm, and

resting 1. hand on shield; to 1.,

leaf; in exergue, &i.

Tetradrachm.

531. A f 16.85. Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925,

1181. Jameson 2608 (this coin).

Obv. die of BMC, p. 59, 15 (at-

tributed to Demetrius's first

reign).

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Athena standing 1.,

holding Nike with r. hand,

spear with 1. arm, and resting

1. hand on shield; to 1.,

leaf.

Tetradrachms.

532. A \ 15.41. Rev. in exergue, Zhtt ZH .

533. A f 16.45. Rev. in exergue, & .

Leu 22, 8 May 1979, 166.

SELEUCUS VI

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucusr.;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY ETTI-

(PANOYZ NIKATOPOZ Athe-

na standing 1., holding Nike

with r. hand, spear with 1.

arm, and resting 1. hand on

shield; in outer 1. field,

leaf.

Tetradrachms.

534. /R / 16.28. Rev. in inner 1. field 9E W

(written sideways). K. Kress 144,

22 Jui. 1968, 206.

535. A f 15.93. Rev. in inner 1. field, NE

IZI. K. Kress 144, 22 Jui. 1968,

207. Bellinger, Elaeusa Sebaste,

p. 28, 6.

536. A f 15.45. Rev. in inner 1. field,

AN.

44

Arthur Houghton Collection

CILICIA: UNCERTAIN MINT

Newell's attribution to Sardes of tetradrachms of the types and monograms of 539-40

has been questioned by Merkholm, Cilicia, pp. 19-21, who has concluded that they should

be assigned to another mint, perhaps Tarsus. Contemporaneous coinage of Tarsus, how-

ever, differs stylistically in important respects from this series (see 459-75, above). Never-

theless, the appearance of the monograms CE , Pi, and NK on coins of both this group and on

Tarsid issues of Antiochus II, Seleucus II and III, and Antiochus III (e.g., WSM 1308; 461

and 463-64, above) suggests that even if both series were not struck at the same mint, they

were issued by mints which shared the same officiating magistrates.1

The evidence points to an attribution of the following coins to an as yet unidentified

Cilician city.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod; to 1., CE above W.

Tetradrachms.

539. A f 17.23. G. Hirsch 35, 25 Jun.

1963,470. Obv. die style as WSM

1417y-8 ("Sardes"); rev. mono-

grams as WSM 1419 ("Sardes").

Seyrig, Trisors 1.18 ("Sardes"

this coin).

540. JR f 16.81. J. Schulman FPL 207,

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Oct. 1976, 36. Obv. die and rev.

monograms of WSM 1419 ("Sar-

des"); Dies of Seyrig, Trisors 1.27

("Sardes").

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antio-

chus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

CE ; to r., PJ.

Tetradrachm.

541. JR f 17.06. Obv. die of WSM 1430-

31a; rev. monograms of WSM

1430 ("Sardes: Antiochus Hie-

rax").

NORTH CENTRAL REGION: UNCERTAIN MINTS

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; dotted

border.

Tetradrachms.

542. JR *- 16.54. Rev. to 1., wheel; beneath

throne, C. The wheel symbol

relates this coin to several issues

of Philip III issued at Babylon

(E. T. Newell, Alexander Hoards

II: Demanhur, 1905, ANSNNM

19 [New York, 1923], 4609; M.

Kampmann, "Un tresor d'Alex-

1 The sharing of magisterial responsibilities at different cities also appears to have occurred at the

mints of Tarsus and Soli between the reigns of Antiochus III and Demetrius I (see the introduction to

Soli).

Uncertain North

45

andres," RN 1972, p. 161, 141-

54), but its striking is flatter than

is generally the case with early

eastern Seleucid issues. Several

coins of Antioch bear monograms

which could be related to those

on this issue (WSM 908-10), but

the tetradrachms of the Antio-

chene series portray Zeus holding

Nike rather than an eagle, and

they are stylistically different

in any event. Reported to be

from southern Turkey.

543. A I 16.79. Rev. to L, W; beneath

throne, itl . Obv. die and rev.

monograms of WSM 1332, as-

signed by Newell to the area of

Cappadocia and northern Syria.

Reported to be from a hoard from

Iraq.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus

r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

tripod.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

544. A f 17.09. Rev. to 1. of legs, AI; to r.,

HP. Dies of WSM 1642, which

Newell suggests was struck east or

south of the Taurus mountains.

Reported to be from a hoard from

northern Syria.

545. A f 17.12. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

to 1., A; to r., R. See Seyrig,

Trtsors 1.145, a tetradrachm with

similar monograms.

SELEUCUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Apol-

lo, nude to waist, seated 1. on

omphalos, holding bow and

resting 1. elbow on tripod;

outer 1. field monogram ^

off flan; in outer r. field,;

in exergue, elephant walking

1.

Tetradrachm.

546. A f 17.01. MuM 47, 30 Nov. 1972,

522. Obv. and rev. dies of WSM

1028 ("Antioch") and De Clercq

60. Seyrig, Trisors 1.85 (this

coin). The stylistic reasons sup-

porting an attribution of this

coin to Antioch do not appear

to be as unequivocal as Newell

suggests (WSM, p. 133), and its

monograms cannot be related

closely to known issues of Seleucus

assigned with certainty to this

city. See WSM, p. 234 regarding

the attribution of WSM 1330, a

coin of Seleucus III with the same

unusual reverse type, judged by

Newell to have been struck in

Cilicia and tentatively assigned to

Seleucia ad Calycadnum. An is-

46

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS III or IV

Obv. Head of Heracles r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath;

to 1., H>; dotted border.

548. JE \ 4.19. For a parallel, see SNGCop-

Sgria 208 ("Antiochus IV," now

attributed by Merkholm to An-

tiochus III), a bronze with obv.

head of Zeus; rev. Nike holding a

wreath. Reported to be from

southern Turkey.

Obv. Head of Apollo r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Athena

wearing crested Corinthian

helmet seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and resting 1.

elbow on shield.

549. JE f 12.31. Rev. in inner 1. field, Z.

550. JE f 15.46. Rev. in inner 1. field, A .

D. Cox, A Tarsus Coin Collection in

the Adana Museum, ANSNNM 92 (New

York, 1941), p. 63, 238, suggests that

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

coins of the above type may have been

struck at Mallus under Antiochus IV.

For silver issues of Cilicia with the

reverse type of a seated Athena (or

Athena-Tyche) attributed to Soli, see

528-29 and related commentary, above.

No. 549 is said to be from southern

Turkey; 550, from northern Syria. A.

Spaer has reported other examples

from Antakya (Antioch) and Jerusalem.

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; laurel wreath border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Tyche seated 1. on throne,

holding scepter and cornu-

copiae.

Tetradrachms.

551. A f 16.22. Rev. to 1., N<; to r., l*J .

552. A f 16.37. Rev. to 1., AfC above fore-

part of griffin 1. Possibly struck

at a Cilician mint.

553. A f 16.65. Rev. to 1., . HLR,

p. 118, 83 (this coin). The style

and monogram of this coin appear

to exclude Antioch as its issuing

mint. Its eastern provenance

suggests a northern Syrian or

Mesopotamian mint.

554. A \ 15.60. Rev. to 1., R above >W; in

exergue, A EP (AEP, 161 S.E.

= 152/1 B.C.). This coin and

the drachm 555, below, both of

light weight, cursory style and

with crudely rendered inscriptions,

appear to be barbaric copies of

Demetrius's regular issues struck

at Antioch.

Obv. Type as 554; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY IQ-

THPOZ, crudely rendered;

cornucopiae; to lower r., H IA

(?) above A or A (possibly the

Uncertain North

47

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexan-

der r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9EOTTATOPOZ KAI EYEPTE-

TOY Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter.

Tetradrachms.

558. JR / 16.90. Rev. in exergue, H. Obv.

die and rev. monogram of Seyrig,

Trisors 24.9. Seyrig attributes

this coin to Antioch but notes the

unusual portrait style.

559. JR f 16.77. Obv. fillet border.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Athena standing L, holding

owl in r. hand and resting 1.

on shield; laurel wreath bor-

der.

560. JE f 13.38. BMC, p. 56, 55.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Alexander r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding eagle and scepter.

561. JE f 9.32. Rev. beneath throne, A; in

exergue, %P . See Babelon

832, a bronze issue of similar type

without recorded monogram or

date.

562. JE / 8.07. Rev. in exergue, |7 or f~I.

Nos. 561-62 are from Lebanon. A.

Spaer reports other examples from

Jerusalem with monograms A beneath

throne, H* in exergue.

563. JE / 7.16. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

beneath throne, anchor. Serrated

edge. BMC, p. 54, 35; SNGCop-

Syria 260. G. Macdonald's attri-

bution of coins of this type to

Antioch (Hunter 3, p. 64, 48-49)

has been accepted by Newell

(SMA, p. 55). Their portrait

style and absence of monograms,

however, makes such an assign-

ment uncertain. Said to be from

Lebanon. A. Spear reports simi-

lar bronze issues from Jerusalem.

Obv. Head of Antiochus IV as

Dionysus, wearing ivy leaf

diadem.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Thyr-

sos; to 1., date, if any, in-

distinguishable; to lower r.,

; ivy wreath border.

564. JE f 8.13. See SNGFitz 5681, a simi-

lar bronze which shows the date

BEP (162 S.E. = 151/0 B.C.).

O. Morkholm, "A Posthumous

Issue of Antiochus IV of Syria,"

JVC 1983 (forthcoming), has

convincingly attributed 564 and

the Fitzwilliam coin to Apamea,

struck during Alexander's first

year of rule. From Lebanon.

Obv. Type as 558; dotted border.

48

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Nl-

KATOPOZ Inverted anchor.

Drachms.

567. JR f 4.04.

568. JR. j 4.13. Rev. N KATOPOZ; in inner

1. field, lily. Auctiones 5, 2 Dec.

1975, 204. Babelon 934 (where

symbol is described as a rose).

The above drachms and the following

two bronze coins of Demetrius differ in

their inscriptions but are related by type,

portrait style and the form of the reverse

anchor, and would appear to have been

issued from the same mint. Similar

drachms generally have a single symbol

or monogram (De Clercq 166, with A;

A. Cahn 71,14 Oct. 1931, 539, with PO),

or none; the bronzes have either a star

(Babelon 935) or no identifying mark.

On his return from Parthian captivity

in 129 B.C., Demetrius dropped the

epithet OI AAAEAOOY completely

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

from his coinage. Nos. 567-68 and 577-

78, belowthe latter of which have been

attributed on the basis of portraiture

only, not always the safest guide in

Demetrius's caseseem to anticipate

this epigraphic change.

Obv. As 567.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

9EOY OIAAAEAOOY NIKA-

TOPOZ Inverted anchor.

569. JE f 4.41. BMC, p. 61, 25.

570. JE j 4.76.

Nos. 569-70 are from Lebanon. Others

have been seen among a small group of

late Seleucid bronze issues struck at

Antioch. A. Spaer reports one example

from Istanbui.

Obv. As 567.

Rev. Inscription and type as 569.

571. JE f 5.22. Rev. to 1., A.

572. JE f 3.53. Obv. die of 571? Rev.

monogram, if any, indistinguish-

able.

573. JE / 4.03. Rev. monogram, if any,

indistinguishable.

Nos. 571-73 are related to the preced-

ing bronze issues by type, but differ in

flan size, portrait style, and the form of

the anchor and inscription. All are from

Lebanon; A. Spear reports others from

Israei. They may have been issued by

a mint in the Seleucis and Pieria

region or in northern Phoenicia.

Obv. As 567.

Rev. Inscription as 569; tongs.

574. JE f 3.48.

575. JE j 2.98. Dies of Babelon 944 (whose

obverse head is described as that

of Demeter).

The close stylistic relationship of the

obverse of 574 to that of 571-72 may in-

dicate their issuance from the same mint,

or from mints operating within the same

Uncertain Norrra

49

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed, unbearded head of

Demetrius r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

NIKATOPOZ Zeus seated 1.

on throne, holding eagle and

scepter; beneath throne, .

580. JE / 8.28.

581. JE f 7.51. Rev. inscription partly off

flan; monograms, if any, indistin-

guishable. From Lebanon. A. Spear

reports others from Jerusalem.

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter.

Tetradrachms.

582. JR f 15.45. Rev. to 1. 101 above UP.

583. JR \ 16.40. Obv. die of 582. Rev. toi.,

& above W. J. Malter, FPL,

Winter 1981 (Collector's Journal

of Ancient Art, Voi. 3, Nos. 2-4),

p. 12, 28.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

The lower monogram of 582-83 ap-

pears on Tarsid issues of Demetrius II,

Second Reign, with Sandan-type rever-

ses. They may have been struck at

Tarsus or another Cilician city.

584. JR f 16.73. Rev. toi., EY. Obv. die and

rev. monogram of Seyrig, Trisors

30.342.

585. JR f 17.17. Rev. to 1., (51 above H;

beneath throne, ffl . Obv. die and

rev. monograms of Seyrig, Trisors

30.348.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIO-

CHUS VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra

with diadem, stephane and

veil, and Antiochus with dia-

dem, r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

9EAZ KAI BAZIAEQZ ANTIO-

XOY Nike walking 1., hold-

ing wreath; to 1., I-P.

586. JE f 7.69. BMC, p. 86, 7 (where mo-

nogram is given as H); SNGCop-

Syria 381-82; see also Babelon

1365, a bronze issue of similar

type, with aphlaston. A. Spaer

reports other examples with outer

1. field monogram T, inner 1.

field monogram H\ Newell, LSM,

p. 62, suggests this coin may have

been struck at Tarsus. Neither

the symbol nor the monograms

recorded for coins of this type are

known to have been used on silver

issues of this period at Tarsus,

however. From Lebanon.

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus standing 1.,

holding star and scepter; to 1.,

50

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS XI AND PHILIP

PHILADELPHUS

Obv. Jugate heads of Philip and

Antiochus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY KAI

BAZIAEQZ GIAITTTTOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing Nike and scepter; outer 1.

field monograms off flan; be-

neath throne, A; laurel wreath

border.

Tetradrachm.

589. JR f 14.53. Babelon 1540; Obv. die of

Leu 20, 25 Apr. 1978, 166, and

Hess-Leu, 24 Mar. 1959, 296,

now in New York (ANS, Kelley).

PHILIP PHILADELPHUS

Rev. BAlIAEQZ OIAITTTTOY ETTI-

OANOYZ OIAAAEAOOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing Nike and scepter; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

590. JR. f 15.61. Rev. to 1., tfil; beneath

throne, A; in exergue, M" . Kri-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

cheldorf 33, 12 Oct. 1978, 147.

SMA 455.

Newell assigned 590 to Antioch with

reservation (SMA, p. 122). Its style and

monograms are significantly different

from Philip's issues which can be at-

tributed to Antioch with certainty.

591. JR f 15.93. Rev. outer 1. field mono-

grams, if any, indistinguishable;

beneath throne, A.

Obv. Diademed head of Philip r.;

fillet border.

WESTERN REGlON

WEST ASIA MINOR: SARDES

One of the major cities of Asia Minor with a long history of settlement, Sardes had

operated a flourishing mint under Alexander and his immediate successors through the

greater part of Lysimachus's reign.1 The mint was evidently closed during the occupation

of the city by Demetrius Poliorcetes in 297 R.C., but was reopened after the arrival of

Seleucus I fifteen years later.

Under the first Seleucid rulers, Sardes became a major stronghold of the Empire in the

west, its mint producing a prolific number of royal silver and some bronze issues through

the reign of Antiochus Hierax.' The city was taken by Attalus I in 226 B.C.; from that date

until its recapture four years later by Achaeus, acting for Antiochus III, Sardes's mint struck

tetradrachms of Alexandrine (Heracles head) obverses but bearing local types or symbols

on their reverses.3 In c. 221 B.C. Achaeus revolted, holding Sardes until he was overthrown

and executed by Antiochus in 215 B.C. The Seleucid era at Sardes ended with the defeat of

Antiochus by the armies of Rome at Magnesia on the Sipylum in 190 B.C.

SELEUCUS I

Obv.

lion's

Rev.

Head of Heracles in

skin r.; dotted border.

BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; dotted bor-

der.

Tetradrachms.

A f 16.81. Rev. to 1., shield, on center

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of which E ;beneath throne, AZ.

Dies A1-P3 of WSM 1350.

17.13. Rev. to 1., E; beneath

throne, $1 . Dies A2-P9 of WSM

1354.

594. A / 17.04. Rev. to 1., AZ; beneath

throne, Z . Dies of WSM

1356.

592.

593. A f

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to L, ^5

above I ; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

595. A \ 17.09. Dies of WSM 1360.

Obv. Horned and diademed head of

Seleucus I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding bow; to 1. of legs, ;

in exergue, I .

Tetradrachm.

596. A / 16.97. Hess-Leu 24,16 Apr. 1964,

233. Obv. die of WSM 1367;

rev. monograms of WSM 1366.

1 For a review of the coinage of Sardes under Alexander, Philip III and Antigonus, see M. Thompson

and A. Bellinger, "Greek Coins in the Yale Collection, IV: A Hoard of Alexander Drachms," Yale

Classical Studies 14 (1955), pp. 3-45; for the Sardian issues of Lysimachus, M. Thompson, Lysimachus,

pp. 172-73.

* WSM, pp. 242-71, revised for the reign of Antiochus Hierax and later by Morkholm, Sardes, pp.

5-20. Some drachm issues of Seleucus II attributed by Newell to Sardes have been reattributed herein

to Magnesia on the Maeander (618-20).

* H. Seyrig, "Monnaies hellenistiques: VII. Sardes," RN 1963, pp. 35-38.

52

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; in

exergue, fit.

Tetradrachm.

597. A f 16.70. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams of WSM 1387.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tri-

pod; in exergue, anchor.

598. JE f 4.55. Rev. to 1., partly off flan,

W; to r., monogram off flan.

599. JE f 4.59. Rev. to L, Y ; r. field mo-

nogram off flan.

600. JE f 3.52. Rev. to 1., H (T ?); to r.,

t. WSM 1394.

601. JE f 3.97. Rev. to 1., M; to r., Af.

See WSM 1412, with a different

r. field monogram.

602. JE \ 4.00. Rev. to 1., bunch of grapes

above Z or E; to r., W; no anchor

in exergue.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. As 598.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ki-

thara; to r., X; in exergue,

anchor.

603. JE f 1.84. WSM 1397.

SELEUCUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOYNude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

Tetradrachms.

604. A / 17.13. Rev. to 1., N above N<.

WSM 1315 ("Tarsus"). Both

Newell (WSM, p. 244) and Mork-

holm, (Sardes, p. 20) have noted

the difficulty of distinguishing

the early issues of Seleucus II at

Tarsus from those of Sardes.

Newell assigned this coin to the

former mint on the basis of the

monogram NC, which appears at

Tarsus under Antiochus II (WSM

1310-11), Ptolemy III and later

under Antiochus III (WSM 1261-

69, "Tyre", reattributed by Mork-

holm: see above, Tarsus-Antio-

chus III). Both mints have

several monograms in common,

however, and the presence of NK

is not conclusive for a determin-

ation of attribution. No. 604's

other monogram N , moreover,

relates it to earlier issues of An-

tiochus II given by Newell to

Sardes (e.g., 597, above), as well

as to other issues of Seleucus II

more certainly attributed to this

mint, to which it bears a strong

stylistic resemblance (605, below).

605. A f 16.52. Rev. to 1., A above IT.

Auctiones 3, 4 Dec. 1973, 195.

Seyrig, Trisors 1.17 (this coin).

West Asia Minor

53

ACHAEUS

Obv. Diademed bust of Achaeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AXAIOY Athena

striding 1., holding shield and

spear; to 1., horse's head 1.;

tor., AI.

Tetradrachm.

608. JR f 16.85. Leu 20, 25 Apr. 1978,160;

MuM 19, 5 Jun. 1959, 536. Obv.

die of WSM 1440.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AXAIOY Eagle,

palm branch behind 1. shoul-

der, standing r.; monograms,

if any, off flan.

609. JE f 6.58. Rev. counterstamp: horse's

head r. within ovai. See WSM

14450, WSM 1449-50 for similar

counterstamped coins of Acha-

eus.

610. JE f 3.61. Rev. no palm branch.

ANTIOCHUS III SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachm.

611. JR f 16.65. Kricheldorf 34, 24 Jun.

1980, 175. Obv. die of WSM

1693|3-y. Merkholm, Sardes, pp.

15-16, obv. die A2.

WEST ASIA MINOR: MAGNESIA ON THE MAEANDER

The prolific coinage in both gold and silver initiated at Magnesia by Lysimachus was

not continued after the fall of the city to Seleucus I in 282 B.C., to whom only a single issue,

in bronze, has been attributed (WSM 1469). The striking of royal silver was resumed late

in the reign of Antiochus I, apparently ending during the early years of Antiochus Hierax.1

References are to H. Seyrig, Magnisie.

The coins of Antiochus II follow Seyrig's

proposed sequence.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus I

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding bow.

Tetradrachm.

JR / 16.97. Rev. to 1.

Feb. 1978, 193;

Jun. 1925, 896.

WSM 1477y (this coin).

Drachms.

JR f 4.27. Rev. to 1., . Dies of

WSM 1475a. Seyrig, p. 31, 4.

612.

613.

M. NFA 5, 23

Naville 10, 25

Seyrig, p. 31, 2

614. JR ] 4.38. Rev. to r., fj. Obv. die of

WSM 1479a; rev. monogram of

WSM 1480. Seyrig, p. 31, 6.

Tetradrachm.

615. JR f 17.15. Rev. in exergue, AZK.

Dies of WSM 14760. Seyrig,

p. 31, 7.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

54

Arthur Houghton Collection

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

Drachms.

618. A f 4.14. Rev.tol.,fit; to r., / . Obv.

die of WSM 1422 ("Sardes").

619. A f 4.22. Rev. t0 1> IA; r. field

monogram off flan. J. Schulman

265, 28 Sep. 1976, 212.

Nos. 618-19 have been attributed to

Magnesia because of their relationship to

620, a drachm of Antiochus Hierax

whose monograms they share. The latter

has been attributed to this mint because

of the bow held in Apollo's hand, and

by the covering of Apollo's legs, a feature

whose significance for the development

of the Seleucid coinage of Magnesia was

first pointed out by Seyrig (Magnisie,

p. 33).

It follows from the above reattribu-

tions that the drachm series, WSM

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1420-23, should be shifted from Sardes

to Magnesia. This would be consistent

with the striking history of both mints,

since Sardes is not known to have issued

drachms later than the time of Seleucus

I, while Magnesia had done so under

both Antiochus I and II.

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Hierax r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Apol-

lo, nude to waist, seated 1. on

omphalos, holding bow; to 1.,

M; to r., fi.

Drachm.

620. A f 4.18. Kastner 6, 26 Nov. 1974,

175.

WEST ASIA MINOR: SMYRNA

Smyrna became a Seleucid possession along with other major towns of Asia Minor

following the Battle of Corupedium in 281 B.C. Although Lysimachus had opened a

mint at Smyrna,1 no Seleucid coins prior to the reign of Antiochus I have been attributed

to this city. Whether or not Smyrna struck coinage under Antiochus II is question-

able.2 No later Seleucid issues have been identified with this mint.

1 Thompson, Lysimachus, pp. 180-81.

* WSM 1497, a stater with a standing Athena reverse, should be assigned to Myrina on the basis

of its relationship to 628 below, a stater of similar type which shares its symbol and monogram with

WSM 1525-27. The tetradrachm issue WSM 1498, given by Newell to Antiochus II, should be re-

assigned to Antiochus I because of its monogram $ and its clear relationship to 622, which shares

both < and /fc with WSM 1493-95. WSM 1499-1500, tetradrachms with an idealized portrait of

Antiochus II, have a general affinity to coins struck at various mints in western Asia Minor, but bear

little relationship to earlier Seleucid issues attributed more securely to Smyrna (the only particular

point in common, noted by Newell, is the palm branch bound with a fillet which appears on WSM

1499, which is the same as that carried by Athena on the stater WSM 1497herein assigned to Myrina).

West Asia Minor

55

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

inverted anchor above;

to r., < .

Tetradrachm.

621. /Rf 17.04. NFA 2, 25 Mar. 1976,282.

Dies of WSM 1493 (where 1. field

monogram is rendered W).

Obv. Type as 621; no border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo to 1., on seat adorned

with lion's leg, holding arrow

and bow; to 1. of Apollo's

head, ; beneath hand, A;

in exergue, (= ?).

Stater.

622. AI f 8.48. See WSM 1494, a tetra-

drachm with the monograms <

and A; WSM 1498, a tetra-

drachm attributed to Antiochus

II which shows Apollo on a simi-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

lar seat and which carries the

monograms A and t .

WEST ASIA MINOR: PHOCAEA

The mint of Phocaea appears to have opened only after the accession of Antiochus I to

the Seleucid throne. A series of silver issues has been attributed to this king and to An-

tiochus II at Phocaea, and a single tetradrachm (WSM 1509) has been tentatively given

to Antiochus Hierax at this mint. No later Seleucid coinage is known for Phocaea.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus I

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Hera-

cles seated 1. on rock, resting

r. hand on club; to 1., griffin's

head above A, partly off flan.

Tetradrachm.

A f 17.02. G. Hirsch, 21 Feb. 1963,

1309a. Dies of WSM 1506a.

Olcay and Seyrig, Mektepini 235,

have assigned this coin to Assos

on the basis of its griffin's head

symbol, which was a badge of that

city as well as of Phocaea. Newell's

attribution has been retained in

view of the ambiguous evidence.

See 677, below, a tetradrachm of

uncertain attribution, also with

a griffin's head symboi.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

II r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; in

exergue, seal 1.

Tetradrachm.

624. JR f 17.15. Obv. die of WSM 1633;

obv. and rev. dies of H. Troxell,

"Greek Accessions: Asia Minor to

India," ANSMN 22 (1977), p. 24,

12.

56

Akthur Houghton Collection

WEST ASIA MINOR: MAGNESIA AD SIPYLUM (?)

The existence of a Seleucid mint at Magnesia is questionable. Newell assigned coins of

Antiochus I to this city on the basis of their typological relationship to issues identified

with Phocaea, Cyme, Myrina and Aegae, taken together with their lack of stylistic affinity

to such issues.1 The case for such an attribution is not strong, but none better has been

made for WSM 1456-58. No other Seleucid coinage can be attributed to Magnesia.8

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Hera-

cles seated 1. on rock, resting r.

hand on club; in exergue,

.E H>.

Tetradrachm.

625. A / 16.93. Leu 15, 4 May 1976, 344;

Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925, 900.

WSM 1456, A3-P3 (this coin).

Obv. Helmeted bust of Athena,

facing; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike,

palm branch behind shoulder,

walking 1., holding wreath;

to 1., .E .

626. JE f 2.75. WSM 1458.

627. JE j 2.43. Rev. monogram off flan.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

WEST ASIA MINOR: MYRINA

Known Seleucid coinage of Myrina is limited to two gold staters (628, below, and WSM

1497, "Smyrna") and three tetradrachm issues (WSM 1525-27) struck under Antiochus II.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv.

Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Athe-

na, shield to 1. of legs, stand-

ing 1., holding Nike and palm

branch; to 1., amphora; to r.,

+.

Stater.

N f 8.56. The attribution of this coin

is based on its symbol and mono-

gram, which are shared by the

629.

tetradrachm issues WSM 1525-

27.

WSM 1497 ("Smyrna"), a stater

of similar type but less determi-

nate portrait should be reassigned

to Myrina.

Obv. Type as 628; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Hera-

cles seated 1. on rock, resting

r. hand on club; to 1., ampho-

ra; to lower r., (I>.

Tetradrachm.

A f 17.12. Dies of WSM 1525cc-B.

1 WSM, pp. 272-73.

2 The single issue of Seleucus II, WSM 1459, and the succeeding series of Antiochus Hierax, WSM

1460-67, which Newell tentatively assigned to Magnesia have been reattributed by Seyrig to Parium

(q.v.).

West Asia Minor

57

WEST ASIA MINOR: AEGAE

Like Myrina, Aegae appears to have struck Seleucid coinage only under Antiochus II.

The variety of issues now known to have been produced by this mint tends to sustain

Newell's judgement that Aegae did not fall to Pergamum until some time after 252 B.C.

(WSM p. 309).

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv.

630.

Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; mo-

nogram to 1. off flan; to r., E;

in exergue, goat's head r.

Tetradrachm.

A f 16.68. Obv. die of WSM 1514,

recut; rev. die of WSM 1666.

Houghton, Tarik Darreh, p. 38,

n. 2 (this coin).

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

II r.

Stater.

631. Al f 8.57. Rev. to 1., AE; to r., traces

of monogram; in exergue, goat's

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

head r. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 32, 1 (this coin).

Tetradrachm.

632. JR / 16.97. Obv. Dotted border. Rev.

to 1., CZ above goat's head 1.

above A. Dies of WSM 1515.

WEST ASIA MINOR: PERGAMUM

Established by Lysimachus, the mint at Pergamum struck a very brief monumental

coinage under Seleucus I (633) after the Battle of Corupedium. Following Seleucus's

assassination in 280 B.C., Pergamum, under Philetaerus, issued Alexandrine tetradrachms

in the name of both Alexander and Seleucus (634), replacing these about five years later

with issues bearing Seleucus's portrait but Philetaerus's own name (635). In 262 B.C.

Philetaerus's successor, Eumenes, defeated Antiochus I at Sardes, confirming Pergamene

independence from the Seleucid state.

References are to E. T. Newell, The

Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus,

ANSNNM 76 (New York, 1936).

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Horned head of bridled horse

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant walking r.; above, bee;

below anchor.

Tetradrachm.

633. A f 17.25. Leu-MuM, 28 May 1974,

249. Obv. die of Newell, p. 10,1,1.

WSM 1528. The Search for

Alexander, Supplement 2. Museum

of Fine Arts (Boston, 1981), p. 4,

3 (this coin).

58

Arthur Houghton Collection

PHILETAERUS

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; to 1., head

of Athena r.; beneath throne

ova1.

Tetradrachm.

634. JR f 16.87. Dies of Newell, p. 20,

22a (= WSM 15350).

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus I

r.; dotted border.

Rev. OIAETAIPOY Athena seated

1. on throne, holding shield

and spear; to 1., ivy leaf; to r.,

bow; in exergue, .

Tetradrachm.

635. A f 16.76. Leu-MuM, 28 May 1974,

250. Dies of Newell, p. 25, 30a

(= MFA 1608).

HELLESPONT: ALEXANDRIA TROAS

The early mint history of Alexandria Troas parallels that of other cities in the Hellespont-

Troad area. The city struck extensively under Lysimachus,1 following whose death it issued

Alexandrine tetradrachms and civic bronze types through the reigns of the first Seleucid

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

kings.2 The earliest royal Seleucid coins of Alexandria did not appear until the reign

of Antiochus II.3

No coinage of Seleucus II is known for this mint; but Antiochus Hierax evidently chose

the city to be his primary administrative center, instituting a major series of coins whose

output continued until his defeat by Attalus I in 229/8 B.C.4

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Head of Antiochus wearing

winged diadem r.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

PI ; to r., *E ; in exergue, graz-

ing horse, r.

Tetradrachms.

636. JR f 17.05. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams and symbol of WSM 1562.

637. A f 16.95. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams and symbol of WSM 1563.

Obv. die of WSM 1555 ("Abydus",

reattributed to Lampsacus by

Houghton, Lampsacus, p. 65)

and WSM 1560 ("Ilium").

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.

Rev. AAESANAPOY Nike stand-

ing 1., holding wreath and

stylis; to 1., W ; to 1., of Athe-

na's legs, grazing horse 1.; to

lower r., .K .

Stater.

638. A f 8.42. WSM, p. 340 and pi. 73,

A; Bellinger, Troy, p. 92, A126

1 Thompson, Lysimachus, pp. 176-77. Bellinger, Troy, p. 78, suggests that Alexandria may have

issued bronze coinage under its founder, Antigonus.

* Bellinger, Troy, pp. 82-86.

8 WSM 1561-66.

* WSM 1567-92; Bellinger, Troy, pp. 88-90.

Hellespont

59

(where monograms are rendered

ff> and K ). H. Seyrig, "Mon-

naies hellnistiques: XIV. Sta-

teres d'or pseudalexandrins," RN

1969, pp. 37-38, suggests that

this issue was struck at Alexan-

dria after Hierax's downfall c.

229/8 B.C.

Obv. Head of Antiochus I wearing

winged diadem r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; in

exergue, grazing horse 1.

(639-40, 643, 645-46) or r.

(641-42, 644).

Tetradrachms.

639. JR \ 16.94. Rev. to 1., ft ; to r., A.

See Mektepini 209 for a tetra-

drachm with similar 1. field mo-

nogram.

640. /R f 16.77. Rev. to 1., #] above <B1 .

Leu 13, 29 Apr. 1975, 299. Dies

of Mektepini 212, where mono-

grams are given as A and B' .

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

641. Ml 16.78. Rev. in outer 1. field, 1*1;

to lower 1., ta. Naville 10, 15

Jun. 1925, 894. WSM 1571y

(this coin).

642. M f 16.97. Rev. to 1., H above PI.

Obv. die of WSM 1574a; rev.

die of WSM 1574(3.

643. A f 16.88. Rev. beneath Apollo's feet,

V, N . Dies of WSM 1577.

644. A f 15.92. Rev. to 1., M above HO

Obv. die of WSM 1581-83.

645. A f 17.01. Rev. to r., W ; in r. exer-

gue, A . Dies of WSM 1590,

whose exergue monogram was

recut to the form &.

646. A f 16.91. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

in outer 1. field, A (?); in inner 1.

field, .K .

HELLESPONT: ILIUM

The mint at Ilium opened under Lysimachus with the issuance of municipal bronze

coinage, whose type was retained after Lysimachus's defeat at Corupedium and through

the reign of Antiochus I.1 The first identifiable silver coinage of Ilium was struck by

Antiochus II;2 royal silver issues were produced thereafter under Seleucus II and Antiochus

Hierax until the latter's defeat by Attalus I in 229/8 B.C.3

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod; to 1., branch with

leaves and berries.

Tetradrachm.

647. M f 17.09. Myers 9, 5 Dec. 1974, 180.

Dies of WSM 1595 ("Sigeum").

Bellinger, Troy, p. 18, T10.

1 A. R. Bellinger, "The Earliest Coins of Ilium," ANSMN 7 (1956), pp. 43-49.

* WSM 1555, struck from an obverse die first used at Lampsacus: see Houghton, Lampsacus, p. 65

n. 3.

3 Bellinger, Troy, pp. 17-21.

60

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Hierax r.,

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

648. A f 16.96. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

to 1., owl 3/4 r. Dies of WSM

1597 ("Sigeum"). Bellinger, Troy,

p. 18, T12.

649. A f 16.56. Rev. to 1., (I; to r., B-;

in exergue, owl 3/4 1. Obv. die of

WSM 1598-1600 ("Sigeum"). For

another example struck from the

same dies, see Hess-Leu 36, 17

Apr. 1968, 317.

650. A f 16.83. Rev. to r., .V ; in exergue,

Jt. Obv. die of WSM 1601,

recut. WSM 1608 (this coin);

Bellinger Troy, p. 19, T23 (this

coin).

HELLESPONT: LAMPSACUS

A major mint under Lysimachus, Lampsacus appears to have ceased production entirely

until the reign of Antiochus II, to whom but a single issue has been attributed.1 No

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

coinage from this city has been assigned to Seleucus II, and the mint may have undergone a

hiatus from Antiochus's death until c. 240-239 B.C., when Antiochus Hierax initiated a

series of tetradrachms second in importance only to his coinage at Alexandria Troas. The

Seleucid era at Lampsacus ended with the defeat of Hierax by Attalus I in 229/8 B.C.

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Hierax r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

651. A \ 16.89. Rev. to 1., of legs, long

torch; in exergue, XE and eagle to

1. Obv. die of Houghton, Lamp-

sacus, p. 61, A3. The monogram

is a variant, and probably the

prototype, of Houghton, p. 60,

Series I, Group A. WSM 1558

must therefore be considered a

regular issue of Lampsacus and

not a barbaric imitation.

652. A f 16.99. Rev. in outer 1. field,

eagle above W; in inner 1. field,

long torch. Houghton, Lampsacus,

p. 61, dies A5-P7 (this coin).

653. A f 16.32. Rev. to 1., long torch; in

exergue, forepart of winged horse

to 1., and W. NFA FPL 4, No. 2

(1975), H56; Leu 13, 29 Apr.

1975, 298. Houghton, Lampsacus,

p. 62, dies A8-P13 (this coin).

654. A f 17.07. Rev. in exergue, W. Obv.

die of Houghton, Lampsacus,

p. 61, A2; rev. monogram of WSM

1550 (Houghton, p. 66, n. 9:

"elsewhere"). This coin compels

the inclusion of WSM 1550 in

the Lampsacus coinage of An-

tiochus Hierax. The state of

wear of its obverse die indicates

that it may have been struck after

the beginning of the author's

Series 3, toward the midpoint of

Hellespont

61

HELLESPONT: PARIUM

Along with other important cities of the Propontis, the mint of Parium opened toward

the end of Lysimachus's reign, issuing coinage in Lysimachus's name until the latter's

death, then Alexandrine tetradrachms.1 A coin of Seleucus II may be the first strictly

Seleucid issue attributable to this mint.2 The major tetradrachm series initiated by An-

tiochus Hierax ended with Hierax's defeat by the Pergamenes in 229/8 B.C.

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Hierax r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1 656. A f 16.97. Rev. to 1., star; in exer-

gue, . Obv. die of WSM 1461.

657. JR \ 16.63. Rev. in exergue, Pan (?)

and bull charging r. Dies of

Seyrig, Parion, p. 608, 28, III-D.

658. A f 16.64. Rev. to 1., 7\ ; to r., satyr's

mask. Dies of WSM 1466 ("Mag-

nesia ad Sipylum"). Seyrig,

Parion, p. 608, 35, VIb-K.

HELLESPONT: LYSIMACHIA

The first city to strike coinage under Lysimachus after its founding in 309/8 B.C.,

Lysimachia was never more than a minor mint under the Seleucids. Only coinage of An-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

tiochus II and Antiochus Hierax appear to have been struck at this mint.3

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of king r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

659. A f 16.99. Rev. in exergue, &4

(= M ?), lion's head r. and GE .

Sternberg, 25 Nov. 1976, 144.

Obv. die and rev. monograms

of WSM 1617.

660. A f 16.82. Rev. to 1., M; in exergue,

G. Myers 12, 4 Dec. 1975, 240.

Dies of WSM 1619oc-y. The left

field monogram has been recut

over another, possibly M or t^>

although the form is unclear.

661. A \ 16.89. Obv. die of 660. Rev. to 1.,

W above itl. Obv. die and rev.

monograms of WSM 1620.

662. A f 16.79. Rev. in exergue, forepart

of winged horse 1. Dies of Stern-

berg 10, 25 Nov. 1980, 170.

The exergue symbol suggests a

relationship to Lampsacus. This

coin's distinctive obverse style,

however, links it most closely to

coins attributed by Newell to

Lysimachia, especially WSM

1616-18.

1 Thompson, Lysimachus, p. 180; Seyrig, Parion, pp. 606-9.

* WSM 1459, accepted with reservation by Seyrig.

3 Despite the sharp features of the portrait, which suggest those of Antiochus III, C. Boehringer's

tentative reassignment of WSM 1615-21 to Antiochus Hierax (Chronologie, p. 161, 29) has been sup-

ported by other hoard evidence: E. Laroche, "Les fouilles de Meydandjik, pres de Guluar (Turquie)

et le tresor mondtaire helldnistique," Comptes rendus de VAcadimie des Inscriptions el Belles-Lettres

(Paris), 1981, pp. 356-70, especially p. 369.

62

Arthur Houghton Collection

WESTERN REGION: UNCERTAIN MINTS

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis (?); to lower 1. and

r., indistinguishable mono-

grams.

Stater.

663. A! f 8.55. J. Hirsch 29, 9 Nov. 1910,

818. WSM 1622 (this coin).

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to 1., AO;

beneath throne, ZQ; dotted

border.

Tetradrachm.

664. JR f 16.85. Said to be from a hoard

from Iraq. The 1. field monogram

appears on coinage attributed

to Sardes under Antiochus I

(WSM 1372; WSM 1375; WSM

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1377-79). A conclusive attribu-

tion to Sardes cannot be made,

however. Antioch and Seleucia

Pieria are alternative possibilities.

ANTIOCHUS I OR II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY He-

racles seated 1. on rock, rest-

ing r. hand on club.

Tetradrachm.

665. JR \ 16.82. Rev. die of Mektepini 739.

The reverse type points to a mint

in Aeolis or northern Ionia. The

obverse style bears some resem-

blance to that of WSM 1501, an

issue assigned by Newell to An-

tiochus I at Phocaea, where this

issue may have been struck. The

unusual absence of any monogram

or identifying symbol, however,

makes a definite attribution im-

possible at this time.

Obv. As 665.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

off flan, A I.

Tetradrachm.

666. JR. <- 16.85. Dies of WSM 1632.

Newell, WSM, p. 361, suggests

an eastern attribution for this

coin. A western mint seems equal-

ly likely. The portrait appears to

have no particular model, but

could draw its inspiration from

any of the indeterminate repres-

entations of Antiochus I on coin-

age of Asia Minor.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

Uncertain West

63

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

Tetradrachms.

669. A / 16.90. Rev. to I., ^ ; in outer r.

field, partly off flan, M. WSM

1318 ("Tarsus"). Possibly from

northern Syria; A. Spaer reports

another example from western

Turkey (Istanbul) which shows

the r. field monogram. Newell's

provisional attribution of this coin

was based partly on its 1. mono-

gram, which also appears on

tetradrachms of Antiochus Hie-

rax now assigned to Sardes by

Merkholm (Sardes, pp. 6-10).

The style of this coin does not

resemble that of Tarsid issues,

moreover (e.g. 459, above).

670. JR \ 16.73. Rev. traces of monogram

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

to r. of inscription. J. Schulman

265, 28 Sep. 1976, 211; Glendin-

ning, 27 Oct. 1971, 106.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Attic

helmet r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1. holding

arrow and bow.

Drachm.

671. A I 4.03. Rev. to 1., 4% (?); to r.,

^ (?). Said to be from southern

Turkey. Tentative attribution;

Cilicia or northern Syria are

alternative possibilities.

672. JE f 3.54. Rev.toX., PI; to r., H . See

WSM 1655-56, bronze issues of

similar type with the same 1. field

monogram.

673. JE f 4.33. Rep. to 1., f7 (?); to r., .

No 672 is probably from Asia Minor;

673 is said to be from Lebanon.

See WSM pp. 367-68 regarding the

possible western attribution of bronzes

of the above type. Bellinger, Dura, p.

110,40, has placed similar issues with the

monogram EY at Apamea.

ANTIOCHUS II OR ANTIOCHUS

HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of king r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

HI.

Tetra drachm.

674. JR f 16.86. Rev. die of WSM 1667.

See Seyrig, Trisors 8.170 for

another example.

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

64

Arthuh Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX?

Obv. Diademed head of king r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

676. JR f 16.93. Rev. to L, spearhead (?)

within wreath. The portrait,

which appears to have been

modeled on Pergamene issues of

Attalus I, could argue against its

issuance under Hierax.

677. M f 17.11. Rev. to 1., outside in-

scription, ft; to 1. of Apollo's

knee, forepart of griffin facing 1.

Obv. die of WSM1673. Newell has

attributed WSM 1673 to Antio-

chus Hierax. Seyrig, however,

has suggested that closely related

issues found in Asia Minor should

be assigned to Antiochus III,

possibly at Nisibis (Trisors 8.

146-9 = WSM 1679). The

griffin's head symbol appears on

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

coinage of Abydus under Lysi-

machus (Thompson, Lysimachus,

pp. 171-72) and on issues attribu-

ted to Phocaea under Antiochus I

and II (WSM 1501-6).

In the absence of evidence

which could establish the origin

of 677 firmly, its provisional

attribution to a western Asia

Minor mint seems safest.

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

678. A f 16.97. Rev. to 1., bird's head 1.

Obv. die and rev. symbol of WSM

1698. Said to be from northern

Greece.

679. M f 16.14. This coin stylistically re-

sembles WSM 1701, attributed by

Newell to a mint in Asia Minor;

operating under Antiochus III.

Drachms.

680. JR <- 3.76.

681. JR f 3.99.

Said to be from an east Syrian

hoard,680-81 maybe eastern imitations.

SOUTH CENTRAL REGlON

PHOENICIA: "ARADUS MARATHUS

E. T. Newell's assignment of certain silver coins with Alexander's name and an inverted

anchor in the 1. field as non-Seleucid types struck in the area of Aradus (WSM, p. 192-

200) is somewhat weakened by the continued appearance of a number of such issues in

eastern hoards.1 Some may have been struck at one or more eastern mints, but the evidence

for their definitive attribution is still ambiguous.

Pending a study which can clarify the problems surrounding these issues, the following

group has been catalogued in accordance with Newell's classification.2

"ARADUS"

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet adorned with

griffin r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Nike walking 1., holding

wreath and stylis; to 1.,

inverted anchor; to 1. of

Nike's feet, IM ; to r. of feet, r.

Stater.

682. A! / 8.56. Obv. die of De Clercq 293

(monograms T and & ?); see

also Leu 15, 4 May 1976, 340

(SNGLockett 1432), a stater of

similar type, monograms T and G.

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Zeus seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing eagle and scepter; to 1., in-

verted anchor and 1?1; beneath

throne, T; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

683. M \ 17.18. Obv. die and rev. symbol

and monograms of WSM, pi. 43,

E; Obv. die of Spaer, Qazvin,

p. 37,11.

1 See esp. Spaer, Qazvin, p. 37, 2-12 and 633, probably also from the Qazvin Hoard; G. K. Jenkins,

"The Coins," in D. Stronach, Pasargadae (Oxford, 1978), p. 188, 6. However, the Cavalla Hoard

contained a tetradrachm of the same type and lower monogram as 683 (M. Thompson, "The Cavalla

Hoard," ANSMN 26 [1981J, p. 35,12), and a tetradrachm of the same type and with the same mono-

grams as 684 appears to have come from Asia Minor: M. Kampmann, "Un trdsor d'Alexandres,"

RN 1972, p. 158, 84. The termini of the hoards cited provide no evidence for or against the view that

such coins are non-Seleucid issues.

* The coinage of Aradus in the hellenistic period is discussed by O. Morkholm, "The Ptolemaic

'Coins of an Uncertain Era'," NNA 1975-6, pp. 23-58; also see H. Seyrig, "Antiquites syriennes, 49:

Aradus et sa peree sous les rois Seleucides," Syria 28 (1951), pp. 206-220.

(56

Arthur Houghton Collection

"MARATHUS"

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing eagle and scepter; to L, in-

verted anchor and P; beneath

throne, K; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

/R <- 17.36. See WSM, pi. 53, H-I for

similar tetradrachms with the

same 1. field monogram; M.

Kampmann, "Un tresor d'Alexan-

dres," RN 1972, p. 158, 84.

'UNCERTAIN MINT"

NON-SELEUCID ISSUE?

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. AAEEANAPOY Zeus seated

1. on throne, holding eagle and

scepter; to 1., inverted anchor

and A; beneath throne, M;

dotted border.

Drachm.

685. A \ 4.16. WSM, pi. 54, B.

Obv.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SELEUCUS I

Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. EEAEYKOY Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding eagle and

scepter; to 1., inverted anchor;

beneath throne, O; in exergue,

3; dotted border.

Hemidrachm.

A \ 2.11. Collocated with Newell's

"Aradus-Marathus" series on the

basis of style and reverse anchor,

although very tentatively.

PHOENICIA: SIMYRA

Simyra, one of several villages on the Syrian coast bound closely to Aradus, appears to

have been given the right to coin money along with the latter city after 259/8 B.C. The

few examples of coins identified as having been struck at Simyra indicate only the most

intermittent mint activity, however. The following exceptional cointhe only royal

Seleucid issue attributed to Simyraappears to have been struck when the town was being

used as a military staging area by Seleucus III in preparation for a campagn to seize

southern Phoenicia from Ptolemy IV.

For a discussion of Simyra during this period, see H. Seyrig, "Monnaies hellenistiques:

XVIII. Seleucus III et Simyra," RN 1971, pp. 7-11.

SELEUCUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod; to 1., ZI; in exergue,

Phoenician date "year 35"

(of Aradian era = 225/4 B.C.).

Tetradrachm.

687. JR f 16.71. Obv. die of Seyrig, Trisors

1.101-2.

Phoenicia

67

PHOENICIA: TRIPOLIS

Tripolis struck coinage only intermittently under the Seleucid kings. Local bronze

issues bearing the ruler's portrait are known for Antiochus IV1 and for the second reign of

Demetrius II.2 Rare tetradrachms and drachms were struck by Antiochus VIII, and a

single tetradrachm issue is known for Antiochus IX, dated only in the year 105/4 B.C.8

At some point between 105/4 and 95 B.C., Antiochus IX granted autonomy to the city.4

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. TPITTOAITQN Dioscuri gal-

loping r.

688. JE f 3.71. Babelon 693.

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

(DANOYZ Tyche, wearing

polos, standing 1., holding

tiller and cornucopiae bound

with fillet; to 1., Z; to r. of

Tyche's legs, N on shield

(689-91) or A (692).

Tetradrachms.

689. A f 16.58.

690. A j 16.39. Leu 28, 5 May 1981, 200.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Dies of 689.

691. A \ 16.74. Dies of 689.

Drachm.

692. A f 4.21. Obv. die of Naville 10, 15

Jun. 1925, 1454.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OI-

AOuATOPOZ Tyche, wear-

ing polos, standing 1., holding

tiller and cornucopiae bound

with fillet; to 1., IE above AI;

to r. of Tyche's legs, rose; in

exergue, HZ (208 S.E. =

105/4 B.C.); laurel wreath

border.

Tetradrachm.

693. A f 16.38. NFA 5, 23 Feb. 1978,

209; Egger 41, 18 Nov. 1918

(Fenerly Bey), 748. Jameson

2359 (this coin). See Babelon

1464; de Hirsch 1721 for other

tetradrachms of Antiochus IX

struck at Tripolis, also with the

same date.

1 In addition to coins of the type of 683, Tripolis struck an unusual issue bearing the portraits of

Antiochus and his queen: SNGCopSyria 220.

2 An example is in the ANS, New York.

* J. P. Six, "L'ere de Tripolis," Annuaire de la Sociiti Francaise de Numismatique 1886, pp. 229-

234, has attributed to Tripolis coins with the reverse type of Tyche holding a tiller and cornucopiae.

This iconography was not limited to Tripolis, however, and several issues of Antioch bear the same

reverse type (Alexander II Zabinas: SMA, p. 89; Waage, p. 19, 200. "Antiochus V1I or VIII or later":

Waage, p. 22, 242. Antiochus VIII: SMA, p. 107, fig. 25; Hunter 3, pi. 69, 25. Antiochus IX: SMA

419; see also 356-58, above. Antiochus X: SMA 431; also, 383-84, above.

4 H. Seyrig, E.res, p. 109. However, Bellinger, Dura, p. 114, 110, has provisionally assigned to

Tripolis a bronze issue of Demetrius III with the reverse type of Tyche wearing a turreted headdress.

68

Arthur Houghton Collection

PHOENICIA: BYBLUS

The increased autonomy granted by Antiochus IV to the cities of Syria is reflected in

the coinage of Byblus, whose mint opened with the production of municipal bronze issues

carrying Antiochus's portrait and the name or initials of the city. Similar coins were

struck by Alexander I Balas. A single tetradrachm of Antiochus VI is recorded as having

been struck at Byblus.1 Tryphon issued coinage both in silver and bronze there,2 and at

least one issue of Antiochus VII is known for Byblus.3 No later Seleucid coinage has been

positively attributed to this city.

References are to J. Rouvier, "Numis-

matique des villes de la Phenicie:

Gebal-Ryblos," JIAN 4 (1901), pp. 35-

66.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Kro-

nos standing 1., holding

scepter; above and below,

/l^VV ("ofGebal

the holy"); dotted border.

694. JE / 6.11. Babelon 671. Rouvier, p.

42, 651.

695. JE f 9.31. Obv. to 1. of portrait, palm

branch; to lower r., BY. Hesperia

Art FPL 60/61, 1967, 155.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

JE f 5.70. As 694, but BAZIAEQZ

ANTIOXOY is on obverse.

Obv. As 694.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Isis,

standing 1., holding scepter;

to upper 1., A; to lower 1. and

r., ("Gebal"); dotted

border.

697.

698.

JE f

JE f

3.51.

2.51.

De Clercq 81.

As 697.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Har-

pocrates, r. thumb in mouth

and holding club, crouching 1.

on lotus flower; to lower 1.

and r., BY; dotted border.

699. JE f 1.28.

Rev. Bull's head adorned with Isis

headdress, facing; to lower 1.

and r., BY; dotted border.

700. JE f 0.91.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; to lower r., beneath chin,

BEP(162 S.E. = 151/0 B.C.);

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Kronos standing 1., holding

scepter; above and below,

/ ? V\- <J ("of Gebal

the holy"); dotted border.

701. JE I 6.06. Rouvier, p. 43, 654.

1 In Paris (Seyrig), dated AOP (171 S.E. = 142/1 B.C.).

2 Seyrig, Notes, p. 12.

* Rouvier, JIAN 4, p. 44, 657.

Phoenicia

69

TRYPHON

Obv. Diademed bust of Tryphon r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ TPY(DQNOZ AY-

TOKPATOPOZ Eagle stand-

ing 1. on thunderbolt, palm

branch behind shoulder; to

1., 8 ; to r., Isis headdress

above LA (year 4 = 139/8

B.C.?).

Didrachm.

702. A f 5.95. See Rouvier, p. 44, 656;

De Clercq 180, tetradrachms of

Tryphon struck at Byblus dated

year 2.

The chronology of Tryphon's reign in

Syria is not certain; the traditionally

accepted dating of Tryphon's regnal

years, which has been accepted by Brett

(Ascalon, p. 48) and Seyrig (Notes, pp.

11-12) has been provisionally retained.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIO-

CHUS VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra

with diadem, stephane and

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

veil, and Antiochus with dia-

dem, r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

BAZIAK2Z ANTIOXOY Isis

headdress.

Hemidrachm.

703. A f 1.74. Hess-Leu 49, 27 Apr. 1971,

260. Rev. die of MuM 61, 7 Oct.

1982, 202. Tentative attribution,

based on the reverse symboi. The

Isis headdress was also used on

dated bronze issues of Cleopatra

and Antiochus struck at Ake-

Ptolemais (see 799 and 801,

below).

PHOENICIA: BEIRUT

The mint at Beirut, like that at Byblus, opened with the striking of municipal bronze

issues carrying the portrait of Antiochus IV. Alexander I Balas struck similar coinage at

Beirut, and also initiated a series of tetradrachms whose issuance was continued through

the first reign of Demetrius II.1 The last recorded Seleucid coin of Beirut is a bronze issue

of Alexander II Zabinas.2 The city was granted autonomous status by Tigranes in 81 B.C.8

References are to J. Rouvier, "Numis-

matique des villes de la Phenicie: B6ryte-

Laodic6e de Canaan," JIAN 3 (1900),

pp. 263-312.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY to

r.: //*J3 AX

("of Laodicea, which is in

Canaan") to 1.; Poseidon

standing facing, holding pa-

tera and trident; to 1., AA;

to r., T ; dotted border.

704. JE f 6.43. Obv. to lower 1., A. Rou-

vier, p. 267, 443.

705. JE f 7.16. Obv. to lower 1., I. Rou-

vier, p. 267, 444.

1 Demetrius may also have struck a municipal bronze issue during his second reign, although this

is not certain (see 710, below).

2 Rouvier, JIAN 3, p. 269, 456. No other coinage is known to have been struck at a Phoenician

mint by Alexander Zabinas, although this king issued royal silver issues at Ascalon in Palestine (q.v.).

70

Arthur Houghton Collection

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Eagle standing 1. on paIm

branch; to 1., ; to r.,

trident; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

706. A f 13.76. Rev. t0 1., T^P <163

S.E. = 150/9 B.C.). BMC, p.

51, 5; Babelon 890.

707. JR f 13.71. Rev. to 1., A EP (164

S.E. = 149/8 B.C.).

Rev. As 704, except BAZIAEQZ

AAEEANAPOY

708. IE f 5.21. Bouvier, p. 267, 449.

DEMETRIUS II

FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ea-

gle standing 1. on palm

branch; to 1., i above A; to r.,

H EP (168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.)

above trident; dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Tetradrachm.

709. JR f 14.48. See Babelon 959; De

Clercq 153-54 for similar tetra-

drachms of Demetrius with dif-

ferent dates.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY to

("of Laodicea, which is in

Canaan") to 1.; Poseidon

standing facing, holding pate-

ra and trident; to 1., AA;

to r., i above t; dotted

border.

710. J E / 6.11. Bouvier, p. 268, 452. On

the basis of the portrait, Le Bider

and Seyrigaccept Babelon's judg-

ment that coins of this type were

struck during Demetrius's second

reign (De Clercq, p. 37). However,

an unpublished bronze issue of

Alexander I Balas of Beirut in

the author's collection carries the

same monogram as that in the

upper r. field of 710, indicating

that a more likely attribution for

710 is to the king's first regnal

period.

PHOENICIA: SIDON

Sidon, whose mint had been active prior to and under Alexander the Great, as well

as during the third century when Ptolemaic forces had occupied the Phoenician coast,

produced no coinage under the Seleucids until the reign of Antiochus IV, when that city

issued municipal bronzes with the king's portrait.1 Local bronze issues were also struck by

Demetrius I, but under Alexander I Balas the mint initiated a significant series of silver

1 Bronze issues of Antiochus IV: J. Bouvier, Numismatique des villes de la Phenicie: Sidon" JIAN

5 (1902), pp. 121-23, 1206-15; see Hesperia Art FPL 40/41 (1967), 156 for what is described as a

"silvered bronze" of Antiochus IV struck at Sidon.

Phoenicia

71

coins using both the Phoenician and Attic weight standards, a practice which was main-

tained through at least the first part of the reign of Antiochus VII.2

There is no recorded coinage of Sidon for the reign of Alexander Zabinas. The mint

resumed activity with the issuance of tetradrachms during the joint reign of Cleopatra

Thea and Antiochus VIII, and continued operations into the reign of Antiochus IX. The

last recorded Seleucid issue of Sidon, a tetradrachm of Antiochus IX, is dated 202 S.E.

(111/0 B.C.).3

References are to J. Rouvier, "Nu-

mismatique des villes de la Phdnicie:

Sidon, " JIAN 5 (1902), pp. 99-134.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; 1. field mono-

gram, if any, off flan; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Stern

of galley; below, ZIAQNIQN

and ("of Sidon").

711. JE f 6.18. Rouvier, p. 122, 1208.

Obv. BAZIAEQZ AN TIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Diademed, radiate

head of Antiochus r.; dotted

border.

Rev. *?K. 3^=1 9*

H(f'NY^ ("0I" Sidon, metropolis

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

of Cambe, Hippone, Citium

and Tyre"). Galley's rudder;

dotted border.

712. JE f 4.83. Rouvier, p. 122, 1213.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted (713, 715) or fillet

(714) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Eagle standing 1., palm branch

behind r. shoulder; to 1.,

BEP (162 S.E. = 151/0 B.C.);

to r., ZIAQ above aphlaston;

dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

713. JR f 14.26. Rouvier, p. 124, 1227.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9EOTTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing thunderbolt and scepter;

beneath throne, aphlaston.

Tetradrachms.

714. / f 16.57. Rev. in exergue, EEP

(165 S.E. = 148/7 B.C.). Rouvier,

p. 125, 1233.

715. M f 14.06. Rev. in exergue, CEP

(166 S.E. = 147/6 B.C.). Rouvier,

p. 124, 1232.

* Like Tyre and Ake-Ptolemais, Sidon employed both Phoenician and Attic weight systems in its

production of silver issues during its operations under the later Seleucid kings. Generally speaking

coins were struck in one standard only in a given year, sometimes in both standards in alternate years

(during the joint reign of Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII, for example); more rarely, issues were

produced in both standards in the same year (under Alexander I Balas and Demetrius II in 165 S.E.

and 168 S.E., respectively). No consistent pattern emerges from Sidon's known coinage, although

the mint's bias was toward the Phoenician weight system throughout its history under the Seleucids.

3 Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925, 1459; MuM 37, 5 Dec. 1968, 265.

72

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet (716) or dotted (717-

18) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY OIAAAEAQOY NIKA-

TOPOZ Nude Apollo seated

1. on omphalos, holding arrow

and bow; in outer 1. field,

palm branch; in inner 1. field,

R; between Apollo's feet,

aphlaston; in exergue, HIP

(168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.), ZIAQ.

Tetradrachm.

716. iK f 16.71. Hess-Leu 31, 6 Dec. 1966,

521.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ea-

gle standing 1., palm branch

behind r. shoulder; to r.,

ZIAQ above aphlaston; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

717. A f 14.17. Rev. to 1., HEP (168

S.E. = 145/4 B.C.) above 13).

Obv. die and rev. monogram,

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

symbol and date as Babelon 960.

Rouvier, p. 125, 1237.

718. JR f 13.57. Rev. to 1., BOP (172 S.E.

= 141/0 B.C.) above 5 . MuM

FPL 276, May, 1967, 18. Dies of

SNGCopSyria 286. Rouvier, p.

126, 1248.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EY-

EPTETOY Athena standing

1., holding Nike with r.

hand, spear with 1. arm,

and resting 1. hand on shield;

to 1., TOP (177 S.E. = 136/5

B.C.) above (S; in exergue,

ZIAQ; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

719. JR f 16.62.

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed, bearded head of

Demetrius r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY QE-

OY NIKATOPOZ Zeus seated

1. on throne, holding Nike

and scepter; beneath throne,

ZI; in exergue, ESP (185 S.E.

= 128/7 B.C.) 11.

Tetradrachm.

720. A f 16.52. Rouvier, p. 128, 1265.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND

CHUS VIII

ANTIO-

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra,

diademed and wearing ste-

phane and veil, and Antiochus

diademed, r.; dotted (721)

or fillet (722) border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

BAIIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on galley's prow,

palm branch behind r. shoul-

Phoenicia

73

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

(t>ANOYZ Zeus standing 1.,

crescent above head, hold-

ing star and scepter; to 1.,

ZIAQ above IEP above AS,

above A (723) or E (724);

laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

723. A f 16.51. Rev. in exergue, CSP

(196 S.E. = 117/6 B.C.). Rouvier,

p. 131, 1274.

724. A f 16.66. Rev. in exegue, I^P

(197 S.E. = 116/5 B.C.). Rouvier,

p. 131, 1277.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OI-

AOTTATOPOZ Athena stand-

ing 1., holding Nike with r.

hand, spear with 1. arm, and

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

resting 1. hand on shield; to 1.,

ZIAQ above IEP above AZY,

above E; in exergue, Z (200

S.E. = 113/2 B.C.); laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

725. A f 16.54. Rouvier, p. 132, 1281.

PHOENICIA: TYRE

The mint of Tyre, active under the Persian satraps as well as Alexander and his Ptolemaic

successors, appears to have opened as a Seleucid facility shortly after the Battle of Panion

of 200 B.C., when Phoenicia and other Egyptian-controlled territories in Palestine and

Coele Syria fell to Antiochus III. The bronze issues of local type with the king's portrait

which Antiochus initiated at this mint1 appear to have been produced without signi-

ficant interruption through the reign of Demetrius I.

Seleucid silver was first struck at Tyre under Alexander I Balas and continued to be

produced, along with municipal bronze issues, until the murder of Demetrius II in 126/5

B.C., when the city gained autonomous status.2

1 The first recorded Seleucid coin of Tyre, a bronze of Antiochus, is dated 115 S.E. (198/7 B.C.):

Tyre 4a.

* Tyre, like Sidon, generally struck silver coinage on the Phoenician weight standard, but Attic

weight tetradrachms were issued both during the first and second reigns of Demetrius II and under

Antiochus VII. Tyre began to issue the autonomous shekels of the Heracles-Melkart type immediately

after Demetrius's death.

74

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed, head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's stern; dotted border.

726. JE f 8.88. Rev. above, P KA (124 S.E.

= 189/8 B.C.). WSM 1278.

727. JE f 7.51. As 726, except apparently

dated AP (?130 S.E. = 183/2

B.C.). The date is not clear. If the

reading is correct, it was evidently

struck under Seleucus IV.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's prow 1., to r. of which,

dolphin swimming down-

ward; dotted border.

728. JE f 4.26. See WSM 1256 for a bronze

issue of similar type without the

dolphin symboi.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Palm

tree; dotted border.

729. JE f 1.22. WSM 1259.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Club;

dotted border.

730. JE f 1.25. WSM 1280.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Gal-

ley's stern; above, ITI (? IA P

= 137 S.E. = 176/5 B.C.)

and if] within which a star.

731. JE f 6.87.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r., star above forehead; to 1.,

AMP (144 S.E. = 169/8 B.C.);

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's stern, above which TY-

PIQN; below, "t hV 3 X

\\v/ ("of Tyre, mother

of the Sidonians"); dotted

border.

732. JE f 7.55. Tyre 38.

Obv. As 732, but without star or

date.

Rev. Inscriptions and type as 732;

above stern, IMP (147 S.E. =

166/5 B.C.).

733. JE f 8.07. Tyre 40b.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's prow, above which TY-

PIQN below, ^JhV 9 X

\X** Tyre, mother of

the Sidonians")

734. JE f 3.38. Dies of Tyre 39a.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Palm

tree, dotted border.

735. JE / 2.30. Tyre 40a.

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Gal-

ley's stern; below, TYPIQN

above ("of Tyre");

dotted border.

736. JE f 7.29. Rev. above, LANP (154

Phoenicia

75

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Eagle standing 1. on galley's

prow, palm branch behind r.

shoulder; to L, club surmoun-

ted by ~T; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

742. JR f 14.22. Rev. to r., B IP (162 S.E.

= 151/0 B.C.) above f]fI. Tyre 56.

743. JR f 14.26. Rev. to r., TEP (163 S.E.

= 150/9 B.C.) above HP. Tyre 58.

Didrachm.

744. JR f 7.13. As 743. Tyre 59.

Tetradrachms.

745. JR f 14.08. Rev. to r., A EP (164

S.E. = 149/8 B.C.) above

Tyre 61.

746. JR / 14.17. Rev. to r., E EP (165 S.E.

= 148/7 B.C.) above ^. Tyre 66.

747. JR f 14.25. Rev. to r., QZP (166 S.E.

= 147/6 B.C.) above Ft. Tyre 75.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Palm tree; in field to 1. and

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

r., QEP (166 S.E. = 147/6

B.C.); dotted border.

748. JE f 2.23. Tyre 80.

Rev. Inscription and type as 742.

Tetradrachms.

749. JR f 14.18. Rev. tor., IEP (167 S.E.

= 146/5 B.C.) above Fr. Tyre 79.

750. JR f 14.02. Rev. as 749, except to r.,

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ea-

gle standing 1. on galley's

prow, palm branch over r.

shoulder; to 1., club surmoun-

ted by T; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

751. A f 14.18. Rev. tor., IEP(167 S.E.

= 146/5 B.C.) above W . Tyre 81.

752. ^f 14.19. Rev. as 751, except to r.,

QE . Tyre 84.

Rev. BAZIAEni AHMHTPIOY Gal-

ley's stern; above, LH EP

(168 S.E. = 145/4 B.C.);

below, TYPIQN and *\^"^

("of Tyre"); dotted bor-

der.

753. JE f 6.84. Tyre 100.

Rev. Inscription and type as 751;

to 1., as 751.

Tetradrachms.

754. JR f 14.08. Rev. tor., 9EP (169 S.E.

= 144/3 B.C.) above Tyre 87.

755. JR f 14.19. Rev. to r., OP (170 S.E.

= 143/2 B.C.) above Fr.

Didrachm.

756. JR f 6.89. As 755. Tyre 94.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on galley's prow,

palm branch behind r. shoul-

76

Arthur Houghton Collection

Didrachm.

758. A f 6.86. Rev. to 1., 4 above club

surmounted with Ti to r., AS

above COP (176 S.E. = 137/6

B.C.); between eagle's legs, Ff.

Tyre 117.

Tetradrachm.

759. A f 14.05. Rev. as 758, except date

IOP (177 S.E. = 136/5 B.C.).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's stern 1., surmounted

by aphlaston; above, IEPAZ

AS above ?OP; below,

TYPIQN \ ("of Tyre"),

partly off flan; dotted bor-

der.

760. JE f 7.60.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Gal-

ley's prow 1., above which,

palm branch; tor., IEP above

AS; below, GOP (179 S.E.

= 134/3 B.C.); dotted bor-

der.

761. JE f 2.44. Tyre 153.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EYEP-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

TETOY Athena standing 1.,

holding Nike with r. hand,

spear with 1. arm, and resting

1. hand on shield; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

762. A f 16.68. Rev. to 1., club surmoun-

ted by ~t, to r. and 1. of which

IEP and AS; in exergue, TTP

(180 S.E. = 133/2 B.C.), Fr.

Hess-Leu, 7 Apr. 1960, 248;

Naville 10, 15 Jun. 1925, 1284.

Tyre 191; E. Rogers, The Second

and Third Seleucid Coinage of Tyre

ANSNNM 34 (New York, 1927),

p. 32, 128 (this coin).

763. A f 16.55. Rev. to 1., club surmounted

by Tf to r., and 1. of which IEP

and AZY; in exergue, ATTP (181

S.E. = 132/1 B.C.), m.

764. A f 14.12. Rev. to 1., club surmoun-

ted by "p; to r., AS above AFTP

(181 S.E. = 132/1 B.C.) between

eagle's legs, Fr. Tyre 136.

765. A \ 16.81. Obv. die as 763. Rev. as

763, except in exergue, BFTP

(182 S.E. = 131/0 B.C.), Ff.

Rev. Inscription as 762. Nike

walking 1., holding wreath; to

lower 1., club surmounted by

T; to lower r., Fr; date, if any,

off flan.

Drachm.

766. A \ 4.14. See Tyre 188, a drachm of

similar type dated AOP (174

S.E. = 139/8 B.C.) and with the

monogram IY1 .

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ea-

gle standing 1. on galley's

prow, palm branch behind r.

Palestine

77

PALESTINE: AKE-PTOLEMAIS

Following the Battle of Panion and the seizure of the city from Ptolemaic control by

Antiochus III in 200 B.C., Ake-Ptolemais remained the administrative seat of Phoenicia,

Palestine and Coele-Syria. No Seleucid coinage is recorded for Ake prior to the reign of

Seleucus IV, when a limited tetradrachm issue was struck.1 The mint appears to have

remained in continuous operation thereafter, except for the reign of Antiochus VII,8 until

at least 107/6 B.C., the date of its last recorded Seleucid coin.3 The Seleucid era at Ake

ended in 104/3 B.C. when the city was beseiged and captured by Alexander Jannaeus.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; in

outer 1. field, palm branch;

beneath Apollo's hand, fa;

in exergue, IA; dotted bor-

der.

Tetradrachm.

771. A f 16.90. Obv. die of the seven coins

recorded in O. Merkholm, "Some

Western Seleucid Coins," INJ 3

(1965/66), pp. 8-9.

ANTIOCHUS, SON OF SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

r.; to 1., A; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOYNude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

; to r., NE; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

772. A f 16.18. Rev. in exergue, fa, KP.

773. A j 16.69. Obv. die of 772. Rev. in

exergue, fa, W.

Nos. 772-73 are said to be from the

Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH 6, 37

"Syria"; CH 7, 97).

774. JR / 15.43. Obv. die of 772. Rev. as

773.

775. /R f 16.72. Obv. die of 772. Rev. as

773, monograms partly off flan.

HLR. p. 113, 16 (this coin).

1 Only Attic weight silver issues were struck at Ake by Seleucus IV, his son Antiochus and Antiochus

IV. Under Antiochus V, Ake issued tetradrachms using both Phoenician and Attic weight standards,

generally maintaining this dual coinage throughout its operation as a Seleucid mint, with exceptions

(Alexander I Balas, Antiochus VI and Tryphon are known to have struck only Phoenician weight

tetradrachms: Cleopatra Thea, only Attic weight issues during her single year reign).

2 Le Rider and Seyrig, De Clercq 198, have reassigned to Ascalon a silver series of the year 177

S.E. (136/5 B.C.) previously given to Ake by Seyrig (Notes, p. 10, No. 6 = Babelon 1104), leaving

Ake with no known coinage for Antiochus VII.

1 LSM 51, a tetradrachm of Antiochus IX.

78

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY 9EOY

ETTIOANOYZ NIKHOOPOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow; in outer 1. field, palm

branch; beneath Apollo's arm,

4; in exergue, rP; dotted

border.

Tetradrachms.

776. JR f 16.92. Obv. die of Morkholm,

Studies, p. 47, A2.

777. JR f 17.34. Dies of Morkholm, Studies,

p. 47, A3-P7.

Nos. 776-77 are said to be from the

Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH 6, 37

"Syria"; CH 7, 97).

Obv. Type as 776; to 1., A; fillet

border.

Rev. Inscription as 776. Zeus seat-

ed 1. on throne, holding Nike

and scepter; in outer 1. field,

palm branch.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Tetradrachms.

778. JR f 17.06. Rev. in exergue, A . Obv.

die of Morkholm, Studies, p. 48,

A7; rev. monogram as Morkholm,

p. 48, 7 (where the form of the

monogram is given as AT).

779. JR f 16.95. Obv. die of 778. Rev. in

exergue, AZ. Rev. monogram of

Morkholm, Studies, p. 49, 8.

780. JR f 16.82. Rev. in exergue, fT . Obv.

die of Morkholm, Studies, p. 49,

A8; rev. monogram unrecorded.

781. JR f 17.14. Rev. in exergue, A, HP.

Rev. monograms of Morkholm,

Studies, p. 49, 10.

Nos. 780-81 are said to be from

the Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH 6, 37

"Syria"; CH 7, 97).

782. JR f 16.99. Rev. in exergue, A, ^ .

Auctiones 5, 2 Dec. 1975, 196;

MuM 19, 5 Jun. 1959, 538.

Morkholm, Studies, p. 49, A9-P43

(this coin).

783. JR f 16.73. Obv. die of 782. Rev. in

exergue, 4, X*Y . Obv. die of Mork-

holm, Studies, p. 49, A9; rev.

monogram unrecorded.

784. JR ]. 17.07. Rev. beneath throne, A;

in exergue, AT, recut over par-

tially erased monograms A, AT.

Obv. die of Morkholm, Studies, p.

50, A12. Said to be from the

Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH 6,

37 "Syria"; CH 7, 97).

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; to 1., Pi;

dotted border.

785. JE f 13.66. Spaer, Ake, p. 139, type 1.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

in biga galloping 1.; dotted

Palestine

79

ANTIOCHUS V

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; to 1., A; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EY-

nATOPOZ Zeus seated 1.

on throne, holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., palm branch;

beneath Zeus's hand, A.

Tetradrachms.

794. A f 16.70. Hess-Leu 45,12 May 1970,

342. Dies of Brett, Ake-Ptolemais

p. 26, 15. Strauss, p. 113, 55

(this coin).

795. A / 16.39. Dies of 794. Said to be

from the Ma'aret en-Numan hoard

(CH 6, 37 "Syria"; CH 7, 97).

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEC2Z AAESANAPOY

Eagle standing 1. on thunder-

bolt, barley stalk behind r.

shoulder; to 1., & above B EP

(162 S.E. = 151/0 B.C.); tor.,

TITO; between eagle's legs, A;

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

796. A / 14.20. Obv. die and rev. date

and monograms of Brett, Ake-

Ptolemais, p. 27, 19.

797. A / 14.23. Obv. die of 796. Rev. as

796, except date, TEP (163 S.E.

= 150/9 B.C.).

ANTIOCHUS VI

G. Le Rider, "Antiochus VI a Ptole-

ma'is," Studies in Honor of Leo Milden-

berg: Numismatics, Art History and Ar-

chaeology (Wetteren, 1984, forthcoming).

Obv. Diademed bust of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on thunderbolt,

barley stalk behind r. shoul-

der; to 1., 9EP (169 S.E. =

144/3 B.C.); to r., iTI ; dotted

border.

Tetradrachms.

798. A f 13.06. Rev. between eagle's legs,

AT

799. A / 13.16. Rev. between eagle's legs,

4 ; date rendered LOEP. Brett,

Ake-Ptolemais, p. 27, 21.

TRYPHON

Obv. Diademed bust of Tryphon r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ TPYOQNOZ AY-

TOKPATOPOZ Eagle stand-

ing 1. on thunderbolt; to 1.,

W; to r., LA (year 4 = 139/8

B.C.?); dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

800. A f 13.82. Hess-Leu, 12 Apr. 1962,

352; Hess-Leu, 16 Apr. 1957,

299; Gans 15, 4 May 1955, 168.

Seyrig, Notes, p. 23, 38.

The chronology of Tryphon's reign in

Syria is not certain; the traditionally

accepted dating of Tryphon's regnal

80

Arthur. Houghton Collection

CLEOPATRA THEA

Obv. Bust of Cleopatra, diademed

and wearing stephane and

veil, r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

9EAZ EYETHPIAZ Double

cornucopiae bound with fillet;

to r., 4; below, aphlaston

above T.TTP (187 S.E. =

126/5 B.C.).

Tetradrachm.

803. M f 16.65. See LSM, p. 10, 7; Seyrig,

Trtsors 30.242, for tetradrachms

of similar type with different

monograms.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIO-

CHUS VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra,

diademed and wearing ste-

phane and veil, and Antiochus

diademed, r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

9EAZ KAI BAZIAEQZ AN-

TIOXOY Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

scepter; to 1., 2.

Tetradrachm.

804. /R f 16.73. LSM, p. 13, 8.

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 804. Isis head-

dress; below, HTTP (188 S.E.

= 125/4 B.C.).

805. JE f 5.75. LSM, p. 15, 14.

Obv. As 804.

Rev. As 804; in exergue, 6TTP

(189 S.E. = 124/3 B.C.).

Tetradrachm.

806. JR f 16.48. LSM, p. 15, 16a.

Rev. Inscription and type as 804;

to r., 5; below, 9T1P (189 S.E.

= 124/3 B.C.) above thunder-

bolt.

807. JE f 4.52. LSM, p. 16, 17.

808. JE j 4.28. As 807.

Obv. As 804 except dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on thunderbolt; to

1., 2; to r., B1P (192 S.E. =

121/0 B.C.); dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

809. A f 13.70. MuM 37, 5 Dec. 1968,

261; J. Schulman, 4 Feb. 1957,

1232. LSM, p. 17, 20.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIOCHUS

VIII OR ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Dioscuri r.;

dotted border.

Rev. ANTIOXEQN TQN EN TTTO-

AEMAIAI Cornucopiae; date

or monogram, if any, indis-

tinguishable.

810. JE f 2.26.

811. JE j 3.57.

See LSM, p. 14, 12; p. 16, 18; p. 24,

23, 25; p. 25, 27, for municipal issues of

Ake struck under Cleopatra and An-

Palestine

81

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OnATOPOZ Athena stand-

ing 1., holding Nike and spear,

and with 1. hand on shield; to

1., I-P; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

814. A. / 16.27. LSM, p. 34, 48.

PALESTINE: ASCALON

Under Seleucid rule, Ascalon was no more than a minor mint until the second century

B.C. It had been gained by Antiochus III following the Battle of Panion in 200 B.C., but

issued no royal coinage until the reign of Antiochus IV, under whom bronze issues

showing the king's portrait and various symbols, including the city's badge, a dove, were

struck.1 Bronze coins were also issued at Ascalon by Alexander I Balas and Tryphon; the

latter king seems to have also struck the city's first royal silver. During the reign of

Antiochus VII, Ascalon produced bronze coins and, possibly, a rare tetradrachm issue.2

The city's mint seems to have entered a phase of increased activity during the second

reign of Demetrius II, striking silver more or less regularly thereafter until the city gained

autonomous status in 103 B.C.3

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; irregular border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. B A Dove 1.; below, ;dot-

ted border.

815. JE f 3.02. Brett, Ascalon, p. 47, 4;

M. Rosenberger, City Coins of

Palestine (The Rosenberger Israel

Collection), Voi. 1 (1972), p. 38,

25-26.

1 Since the publication by Brett of the bronze coin of Antiochus IV with the reverse type of a

dove (see 815, above), two other bronzes with royal portraits have appeared:

a. Obv. Radiate head of king to r.; irregular border.

Rev. Bunch of grapes; to L, BA; to r., M1; dotted border.

f 1.32. A. Spaer coli., Jerusalem.

b. Obv. Radiate head of king to r.; irregular border.

Rev. Lily; to 1., BA; to r., M<; dotted border.

f 0.78. Israel Museum, Jerusalem; attributed to Antiochus VII at Jerusalem by

Y. Meshorer, "The Beginning of Hasmonean Coinage," 1EJ 24 (1974), pp. 59-61, partly

on the basis of the monogram which had been read as a date, LK.

815, a and b form a set of multiples. The latter two coins differ from the first in the formation of

their flans, but the similarity of the portraits of all three and their use of identical inscriptions (BA =

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY?) and monograms indicate that all were struck at the same mint,

probably Ascalon, under Antiochus IV.

I am grateful to Arnold Spaer for permission to publish his coin, and to Dr. Meshorer for reexamining

the bronze issue in the Israel Museum and communicating the new monogram information.

2 Babelon 1104: see comment following De Clercq 198. The attribution to Ascalon of the unique

tetradrachm of Antiochus VII in Paris is uncertain.

3 Spaer, Ascalon, provides the most comprehensive study of the city's mint in the late hellenistic

period.

82

Arthur Houghton Collection

TRYPHON

Obv. Diademed bust of Tryphon r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ TPYcpQNOZ AY-

TOKPATOPOZ Zeus stand-

ing facing, head 1., holding

wreath; dotted border.

816. JE f 5.10. Rev. to 1. LA (year 1 =

142/1 B.C.?) AZKA. Swiss Bank

Corp. 5, 16 Oct. 1979, 296.

817. JE f 5.76. Rev. to L, LA (year 4 -

139/8 B.C.?) AZKA; to r.,

between Zeus and inscription,

inverted palm frond.

The chronology of Tryphon's reign in

Syria is not certain. Brett's dating,

Ascalon, p. 48, which has been supported

by Seyrig, Notes, pp. 12-17, has been

provisionally retained.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Crested Macedonian helmet r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Aph-

laston.

818. JE / 1.13. Brett, Ascalon, p. 48, 10.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

819. JE - 1.36. As 818.

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Diademed bust of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Eagle standing L, palm branch

behind r. shoulder; to 1., AZ

above dove 1.; to r., T.TTP

(187 S.E. = 126/5 B.C.);

between eagle's legs, TTr; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachm.

820. JR / 13.48. Spaer, Asca/on 1 (this coin).

CLEOPATRA THEA AND ANTIOCHUS

VIII

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra,

diademed and wearing ste-

phane and veil, and Antio-

chus, diademed, r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on thunderbolt,

palm branch behind r. shoul-

der; to 1., AZ above dove 1.;

to r., AqP (191 S.E. = 122/1

B.C.); between eagle's legs,

U; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

821. JR f 13.41. See Spaer, Ascalon 3.

The tetradrachm cited by Brett,

Ascalon, p. 50, 14, is struck from

different dies.

ANTIOCHUS VIII FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed bust of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Eagle

standing 1. on thunderbolt,

palm branch behind r. shoul-

der; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

822. JR f 13.60. Rev. to 1., AZ above dove

1.; to r., ASP (194 S.E. = 119/8

Palestine

83

ANTIOCHUS VIII SECOND REIGN

Obv. As 822.

Rev. Inscription and type as 822;

to l AZ IEP AZY in three

lines above dove 1. above

aphlaston; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

PALESTINE

References are to M. Rosenberger,

City Coins of Palestine (The Rosenberger

Israel Collection), Vols. 2 (1975) and

3 (1977).

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEA Zeus

standing 1., holding wreath

(?); to 1, TAI.

827. JE f 1.81. Rosenberger 2, p. 50, 21.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Female figure (Artemis ?)

standing facing, upraised r.

hand (drawing arrow?); to 1.,

indistinguishable monograms;

dotted border.

828. JE f 1.35. Rosenberger 2, p. 50, 23.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

825. JR f

826. JR f

: GAZA

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOX Double

cornucopiae; dotted border.

829. JE f 5.14. S. Ben-Dor, "Some New

Seleucid Coins," PEQ 1948, pp.

62-63.

ANTIOCHUS VII or VIII (?)

Obv. Head of Apollo r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOYTyche

standing r., holding cornuco-

piae and scepter; monograms,

if any, indistinguishable;

dotted border.

830. JE / 3.12. Babelon 700 ("Antiochus

V"); Rosenberger 3, p. 82, 2

("Antiochus V").

ALEXANDER I BALAS

PALESTINE: JERUSALEM

13.24. Rev. to r., LAZ (204 S.E.

= 109/8 B.C.); between eagle's

legs, * . Spear, Ascalon 27 (this

coin).

13.76. Rev. to r., LCZ (206 S.E.

= 107/6 B.C.); between eagle's

legs, H*. Spaer, Ascalon 31 (this

coin).

Jerusalem appears to have been of little importance as a Seleucid mint. Bronze issues

of this city were struck under Antiochus VII in the years 180-83 S.E. (133/2-131/0 B.C.).

No other Seleucid coinage has been positively identified with Jerusalem, which fell to

the Hasmonaeans at the end of the second or beginning of the first century B.C.1

1 Reexamination of the unique bronze coin in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, cited by Y. Meshorer,

"The Beginning of Hasmonean Coinage," 1EJ 24 (1974), pp. 59-61, indicates that the letters LK on

the coin's reverse are not a date but are instead the elements of a monogram identical to that appearing

on bronze coinage of Antiochus IV struck at Ascalon, such as 815 (see the introduction to Ascalon,

above, n. 1). M. Narkiss, Coins of Palestine (in Hebrew), voi. 2 (Jerusalem, 1938), p. 127, 165, has

suggested that Antiochus IX also issued coinage at Jesusalem.

84

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Lily; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOYEYEP-

TETOY Inverted anchor.

831. JE f 2.76. Rev. below, AT1P (181 S.E.

= 132/1 B.C.). See BMC, p. 75,

69; Babelon 1166-67 for brouze

issues of similar type, without

visible date.

JE f 2.38. As 831, but date is to 1. of

anchor.

833. JE f 2.76. Rev. below, BTTP (182 S.E.

= 131/0 B.C.).

834. JE f 3.03. As 833.

COELE-SYRIA: DAMASCUS

Damascus does not appear to have been a community of major importance in the early

hellenistic period. Following the death of Alexander it was occupied by Ptolemaic forces,

then was seized by Antiochus I and may have remained Seleucid through part of the reign

of Seleucus II.1 Ptolemy III recaptured the city, however, after which it was returned to

Seleucid control by Antiochus III in 200 B.C.

There is no coinage which can be assigned to Damascus with certainty during this early

period;2 only with the reign of Antiochus VII do dated silver issues appear which can be

securely given to the Damascus mint. Thereafter, mint production appears to have

continued without significant interruption until the last decade of the second century B.C.,

when the strife between Antiochus VIII and Antiochus IX engulfed most of the cities which

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

were still part of the Seleucid realm. The last Seleucid king of Damascus, Antiochus XII,

the youngest son of Antiochus VIII, was killed in 84 B.C.; the city's protection, then its

rule, was assumed by the Nabataean king, Aretas III.3

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZANTIOXOY EYEP-

TETOY Athena standing 1.,

holding Nike with r. hand,

spear with 1. arm, and resting

1. hand on shield; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

835. At f 16.64. Rev. to 1., AE above W;

in exergue, HOP (178 S.E. =

135/4 B.C.). Dies of LSM 56y.

836. JR f 16.45. Rev. to 1., l&P; in exergue,

BIlP (182 S.E. = 131/0 B.C.).

Obv. die and rev. monogram of

LSM 64a and y.

837. JR f 16.33. Obv. die of 836. Rev.

to 1., IftP above A; in exergue,

mP (183 S.E. = 130/9 B.C.).

LSM 65.

1 WSM, p. 212.

8 Newell's tentative suggestion that Damascus may have struck a tetradrachm of Antiochus I,

WSM 1288, is only weakly supported by the coin's stylistic affinity to Alexandrine tetradrachm issues

struck at Tyre under Demetrius Poliorcetes.

3 Bellinger, End of the Seleucids, pp. 77-78. Bellinger accepts Newell's view that at some point

during this period Damascus briefly adopted the name Demetrias (see LSM, pp. 83-84 and n. 33)

but suggests that this occurred when the Nabataean ruler Aretas III was the city's protector and not

during the Seleucid era.

Coele-Syria

85

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed, bearded and horn-

ed (except 839-40) head of

Demetrius r.; fillet (838-42)

or dotted (843) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OYNIKATOPOZ Zeus seated

1. on throne, holding Nike

and scepter.

Tetradrachms.

838. A f 16.46. Rev. beneath throne, 2;

in exergue, date off flan (possibly

AnP, 184 S.E. = 129/8 B.C.).

Obv. die of LSM 698-h.

839. A f 16.56. Rev. to 1., "fed; beneath

throne, (Q); in exergue, ETTP

(185 S.E. = 128/7 B.C.). Obv. die

of LSM 72j; rev. monogram

beneath throne and date of LSM

71.

840. A f 16.61. Rev. to 1., H; beneath

throne, Id; in exergue, QT\P

(186 S.E. = 127/6 B.C.). Obv. die

and rev. monograms and date of

LSM 72(3.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Drachm.

841. A f 3.88. Rev. to 1., H; beneath

- in exergue, QT\P

127/6 B.C.).

throne, n

(186 S.E.

Tetradrachm.

842. A f 16.71. Rev. beneath legs of Zeus,

A; beneath throne, Q; in exergue,

CTTP (186 S.E. = 127/6 B.C.).

Obv. die and rev. monograms and

date of LSM 73.

Rev. Inscription as 838. Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to r., A; in

exergue, indistinguishable

date.

843. JE \ 5.31. A. Spaer reports that

bronze issues of this type from

Israel are invariably dated 184

S.E. (129/8 B.C.).

ALEXANDER II ZABINAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter;

to 1., H>.

Tetradrachms.

844. A f 16.40. Rev. beneath throne, IJ;

in exergue, 9TTP (189 S.E. =

124/3 B.C.). LSM 82.

845. A f 16.42. As 844, except date, IP

(190 S.E. = 123/2 B.C.). Obv. die

and rev. monograms and date of

LSM 84y.

846. A f 16.30. Rev. beneath throne, &;

in exergue, (190 S.E. = 123/2

B.C.). Rev. die of LSM 85a.

CLEOPATRA THEA AND

CHUS VIII

ANTIO-

Obv. Jugate busts of Cleopatra,

86

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS VIII FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus, crescent above

head, standing 1., holding

star and scepter; laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

850. JR f 16.63. Rev. to 1., AT above H;

in exergue, TSP (193 S.E. =

120/9 B.C.). Obv. die and rev.

monograms and date of LSM 91y.

851. JR f 16.44. As 850, except date A 9 P

(194 S.E. = 119/8 B.C.). Obv. die

and rev. monograms and date of

LSM 94/.

852. JR f 16.38. Rev. to 1., KS above % ; in

exergue, ISP (197 S.E. = 116/5

B.C.). Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams and date of LSM 101a.

853. JR f 16.44. Rev. to 1., R) above EX;

In exergue, ISP (197 S.E. =

116/5 B.C.). Obv. die and rev.

monograms and date of LSM

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

102y.

854. JR f 15.93. Rev. to 1., NCT above

H; in exergue, 9SP (199 S.E.

= 114/3 B.C.). Obv. die and rev.

monograms and date of LSM

105a.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY OIA-

OTTATOPOZ Athena stand-

ing 1., holding Nike and

spear, and resting 1. hand on

shield; laurel wreath border.

Tetradrachms.

855. JR f 16.20. Rev. to 1., A above EZ;

in exergue, Z (200 S.E. = 113/2

B.C.); E. Button 110, Oct. 1964,

811. Obv. die and rev. monograms

and date of LSM 1065.

856. JR f 16.39. Rev. to 1., I'? above AT;

in exergue, BZ (202 S.E. = 111/0

B.C.). Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams and date of LSM 1105.

Also see 885-86, dated bronze

issues of Antiochus IX which E. T.

Newell and A. R. Bellinger suggest may

have been struck at Damascus.

ANTIOCHUS VIII SECOND REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; laurel wreath border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETTI-

OANOYZ Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., A above Z,

above & ; beneath throne, H;

in exergue, 91 (209 S.E. =

104/3 B.C.); laurel wreath

border.

Tetradrachm.

857. JR f 16.34. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams and date of LSM 114a.

Coele-Syiua

87

861. JR \ 15.53. Rev. to 1., N above A;

in exergue, B KZ (222 S.E. =

91/0 B.C.). Obv. die of LSM

128; rev. monograms and date of

LSM 126.

Obv. Diademed, radiate, lightly

bearded head of Demetrius r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY OIAOTTATOPOZ ZQTHPOY

Nike walking 1., holding

wreath and palm branch;

to 1., N above +1 ; exergue

date or monogram off flan;

dotted border.

862. JE f 6.89.

Obv. Type as 858; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 862. Nude

Hermes standing facing, hold-

ing palm branch and cadu-

ceus; to 1., N above A;

exergue date or monogram

off flan; dotted border.

863. M \ 3.44.

ANTIOCHUS XII

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY ETII-

OANOYZ OlAOTTATOPOZ KAA-

AINIKOY Hadad, capped

and bearded, standing facing

on two-tiered basis, holding

barley stalk in 1. hand;

foreparts of two bulls to

each side of legs; to 1., fTI

above /N; in exergue, H KZ

(228 S.E. = 85/4 B.C.); laurel

wreath border.

Tetradrachm.

864. JR \ 13.10. See LSM 132-34, tetra-

drachms of Antiochus dated 226

and 227 S.E.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY AION-

YZOY ETTIOANOYZ OIAOTTA-

TOPOZ KAAAINIKOY Nude

Hermes standing facing, hold-

ing palm branch and cadu-

ceus; in exergue, itI; dotted

border.

865. iE f 1.61. See LSM 136, a similar

bronze issue in Paris without

visible monogram.

Obv. Diademed bust of Antiochus

with sideburns r.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. Inscription as 864. Zeus

standing 1., holding Nike and

scepter; to 1., (tI ; dotted bor-

der.

866. JE f 9.91. LSM 137.

Obv. As 865.

Rev. Inscription as 865. Nike

walking r., holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1. in-

distinguishable monogram(s).

88

Arthur Houghton Collection

SOUTH CENTRAL REGION: UNCERTAIN MINTS

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r; to 1., x ; fillet

(872) or dotted (873) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY God-

dess seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter; at

feet, a bird 1.; beneath throne,

M; dotted border.

872. JE f 3.05. Suse, p. 290 ("Group B")

and pi. 74, 12-21. On the basis

of provenance and style, Le Rider,

Suse, p. 291, has attributed coins

of this type to an uncertain mint

in Phoenicia or Palestine. From

Israei.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tyche

seated 1. on throne, holding

Isis headdress in r. hand;

to 1. of feet, river god (?)

dotted border.

873. IE f 1.84. The Isis headdress points to

a Palestinian mint. The figure to

the 1. of Tyche's feet is not clear,

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

but appears to be the head, trunk

and r. arm of a swimming or

reclining male figure. Possibly

struck at Ake-Ptolemais which,

during the Roman period, issued

coins carrying on their reverses

both Tyche resting a foot on the

half-figure of the river-god Belus,

and Isis: see L. Kadman, The

Coins of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusa-

lem, 1961), pp. 164-65, types 16,

18b, 19b and 20a (Tyche with

Belus); and pp. 167-68, types 40

and 41 (Isis). From Israei.

DEMETRIUS II FIRST REIGN

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY OIAAAEAOOY N1KA-

TOPOZ Cornucopiae.

Drachms.

874. JR f 3.69. Rev. to lower r., AH above

AOP (171 S.E. = 142/1 B.C.). K.

Kress 182, 23 Mar. 1982, 891.

Obv. die of Naville 10, 15 Jun.

1925, 1198, which has the same

monogram but is dated 173 S.E.

875. JR / 3.67. Rev. to lower r., 11. From

Lebanon.

Two examples of the type of 875,

struck from a single but different obverse

die and with the same reverse monogram,

dated 172 S.E., are in the Staatliche

Museen, Berlin. See also A. Cahn 71,

14 Oct. 1931,541, a similar drachm with-

out monogram or date, and Naville 10,

15 Jun. 1925, 1197, a drachm of similar

type which carries the monogram ,

which appears on 411, a tetradrachm

tentatively attributed by O. Morkholm

to Seleucia Pieria or Laodicea. While an

attribution of 874-75 to the coastal area

of Syria Seleucis or Cilicia is likely, they

Uncertain South

89

Rev. Inscription as 874. Artemis

facing, holding lojng torch and

bow; in exergue, 9EP (169

S.E. = 144/3 B.C.); no visible

monograms.

879. JE f 10.75. BMC, p. 60, 23. Waage,

p. 16, 167, attributes a similar

coin of the same date and with

the exergue monogram A to

Seleucia Pieria. A Cilician mint

is also possible. From Lebanon;

A. Spaer reports others from Is-

kenderun, dates obliterated.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Bust of Athena wearing Corin-

thian helmet r.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. BAZI AEQZ ANTIOXOY EYEP-

TETOY Owl 3/4 r.; to 1.,

R; in exergue, IOP (177

S.E. = 136/5 B.C.).

830. JE f 2.39. A. Spaer, "Monnaies de

bronze palestiniennes d'Antiochos

VII," RN 1971, pp. 160-61, has

attributed coins of this type to

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Gaza, based on the monogram.

Other examples subsequently seen

by Spaer, however, clearly show

PJ as well as R , putting the at-

tribution into question. A more

northern Palestinian mint is sug-

gested by the style and precise

execution of coins of this type.

From Israei.

ANTIOCHUS VIII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted (881-82) or no

(883) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

standing 1., holding star (?)

in outstretched r. hand and

scepter with 1.; to 1., H\

881. JE f 4.88. From Lebanon.

882. JE f 5.34. From Israei.

Rev. Prow of galley(?); above,

A9P (194 S.E. = 119/8 B.C.),

I W ; to 1., to r., AT (?).

883. JE f 2.76. G. Macdonald, "Seltene und

unedierte Seleukidenmilnzen,"

ZfN 1912, p. 101,31, has attribut-

ed a similar coin, apparently

dated 9TTP (189 S.E. = 124/3

B.C.), to Aradus under Alexander

IlZabinas. The date of 883, how-

ever, places it fully within the

reign of Antiochus VIII. From

Lebanon.

ANTIOCHUS IX

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Antiochus r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY (PIA-

OTTATOPOZ Cornucopiae.

Hemidrachm.

884. JR \ 1.87. Said to be from Lebanon.

Obv. Bust of Eros r.; dotted border.

Rev. Inscription as 884. Nike

walking 1., holding wreath; to

EASTERN REGlON

MESOPOTAMIA: CARRHAE

Carrhae, whose Macedonian garrison may have been established under Alexander the

Great, appears to have begun operation as a hellenistic mint under Antigonus, striking both

gold and silver issues in Alexander's name. The mint's production was continued by

Seleucus I following his assumption of control over northern Mesopotamia c. 302 B.C.;

Antiochus I may also have struck coins at Carrhae, although the evidence for this is

uncertain.1 No later Seleucid coinage is known for this mint.

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Athena wearing

Corinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEm ZEAEYKOYNike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis; to lower 1., A.

Staters.

887. JE / 8.62. SNGLockett 3088; Naville

4, 16 Jun. 1922, 965. WSM 766

(this coin).

i. JE \ 8.59. Obv. die of 887. Rev. as

887 but monogram to 1. WSM

767.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Macedonian shield, Medusa's

head as center device; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ele-

phant walking r.; above, an-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

chor; monogram, if any, in-

distinguishable; dotted bor-

der.

889. JE / 4.36. See WSM 789 for a bronze

issue of similar type.

890. JE / 4.73. As 889.

MESOPOTAMIA: EDESSA

Edessa was founded by Seleucus I c. 302 B.C. No coinage of Seleucus has been identified

with this city, however, and only a few bronze issues of Antiochus I have been tentatively

attributed to its mint. Edessa was later renamed Antiochia on the Callirhoen, probably by

Antiochus IV, who permitted the city to strike municipal bronze issues with his own

portrait. No other Seleucid coinage is known for this mint.

1 The extreme break in iconography and style between the coinages of Seleucus I and Antiochus I

given by Newell to Carrhae, and the absence of monograms common to both series, suggest that they

may not have been struck at the same mint unless one assumes discontinuous production, for which

neither precedent nor reason seems to exist.

Mesopotamia

91

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tro-

phy; dotted border.

891. JE - 3.46. WSM 800.

892. JE I 3.21. As 891.

893. JE I 6.86. Rev. to lower r., . WSM

801.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; dotted border.

Rev. ANTIOXEQN TON ETTI KAA-

AIPOHI Zeus standing 1.,

holding eagle and scepter; to

L, SE.

894. JE f 7.87. BMC, p. 41, 77; Babelon

605-8.

MESOPOTAMIA: N IS IB IS

The mint of Nisibis was apparently activated at the end of the reign of Antiochus II,

who may have struck only a single bronze issue at this city. It produced an extensive

coinage in silver for Seleucus II, Antiochus III and Seleucus IV. No royal coinage is known

for Nisibis during the reign of Antiochus IV when the city, renamed Antioch in Mygdonia,

issued only municipal bronze coins with the king's portrait. Demetrius I and, perhaps,

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Alexander I Balas and Demetrius II, may also have struck tetradrachms at Nisibis. No

later Seleucid coinage of Nisibis has been identified, although the city may have remained

part of the Seleucid Empire until c. 120 B.C.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Jugate busts of Dioscuri, the

farther in profile 1., the nearer

3/4 1.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant's head r.; to r., 4>;

dotted border.

895. JE / 4.21. WSM 807.

Obv. Jugate busts of Dioscuri r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY In-

verted anchor, to 1., + , side-

ways; to r., bridled head of

horned horse r.; dotted border.

896. JE \ 5.26. WSM 815.

897. JE / 2.74. WSM 816.

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Seleucus r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., hoIding

arrow and bow; behind, tri-

pod; 1. field monogram, if

any, indistinguishable; to r.,

dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

898. A I 16.80. Obv. die and rev. r. field

monogram of WSM 821.

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

Obo1.

899. A <- 0.69. WSM 824.

92

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet (900) or dotted (901-

3) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Stater.

900. A! f 8.49. Rev. to L, T; to r., AP;

in exergue, indistinguishable mo-

nogram. See WSM 831-33; 835-

36 for tetradrachms with the

same 1. and r. monograms.

Tetradrachms.

901. A f 16.86. Rev. to 1., AZ ZA; Obv.

die A7 and rev. monograms of

WSM 858.

902. A \ 16.66. Rev. to 1., .

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ele-

phant walking r.; to 1., AP;

in exergue, K .

Tetradrachm.

903. JR f 16.91. Leu 22, 8 May 1979, 162.

The attribution is based on the

style of the obverse and the lower

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

monogram of the reverse, which is

similar to the r. field monogram

of WSM 868.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

walking 1., holding palm

branch.

904. J E f 7.31. WSM 869.

See also 1051-56, tetradrachms of

Antiochus III of a type attributed by

Newell to Susa but which Le Rider has

suggested were struck at Nisibis.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

to 1., wreath; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

905. JR 1 16.95. Rev. to 1., [^E; in exergue,

AI. Obv. die A3, rev. as Merkholm,

Nisibe, p. 46, 3.

906. JR f 16.93. Rev. circular inscription;

in exergue, AI. Obv. die A5b, rev.

as Merkholm, Nisibe, p. 47, 7.

Said to be from the Ma'aret en-

Numan hoard (CH 6, 37 "Syria";

CH 7, 97).

907. JR 1" 16.94. Rev. in exergue, AN .

Obv. die A9, rev. as Merkholm,

Nisibe, p. 47, 8.

908. JR \ 16.96. Obv. die as 907. Rev. in

exergue, A. Obv. die A9, rev.

as Merkholm, Nisibe, p. 47, 9.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; to 1., x ; dotted

border.

Rev. ANTIOXEQN TON EN MYT-

AQNIAI Zeus seated 1. on

throne, holding eagle and

Babylonia

93

911. JR. / 16.42. As 910, but ZQTHPOZ

to 1. Strauss, p. 116,95 (this coin).

Le Rider. Suse, p. 215, 572, has sug-

gested an eastern origin for issues

of the above type, given their appearance

in eastern hoards. Strauss, pp. 135-36,

mentions Nisibis as a possible originat-

ing mint. The dry, somewhat rudimen-

tary execution of these issues, and the

fact that their stylistic elements appear

to have been drawn from Seleucid mints

of both east and west, tend to support

their assignment to a Mesopotamian

mint such as Nisibis, although the at-

tribution must be considered tentative.

ALEXANDER IBALAS

See 1003, a tetradrachm of Alexander

I Balas with the monogram 4*, attri-

buted by Le Rider to Seleucia on the

Tigris, but which may have been struck

at Nisibis.

DEMETRIUS II SECOND REIGN

See 1014-19, issues of Demetrius with

a bearded portrait, which may have

been struck by Demetrius at Nisibis after

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

his Parthian captivity.

BABYLONIA: BABYLON

Under Seleucus I, Babylon continued the issuance of tetradrachms of the Heracles-Zeus

type which had been inaugurated during Alexander's lifetime, as well as the silver lion

staters and fractions produced under Alexander's satrap Mazaeus but adorned with the

Seleucid anchor.1 The date of the mint's decommissioning is uncertain, but in any event

would have occurred before 275 B.C., when Antiochus decreed the removal of the city's

civilian population to Seleucia on the Tigris.2

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Baal seated 1., holding scepter;

dotted border.

Rev. Lion walking 1., above, an-

chor above TT; dotted border.

Staters.

912. JR I 15.20. Rev. in exergue, W , A".

See ESM 271, a stater with the

monograms TT and A; ESM

272-75, staters with TT and W .

913. JR / 15.08. Rev. in exergue, fib and

ivy leaf. Dies of ESM 276(3.

1 See ESM, pp. 104-6 regarding the variable weights of Seleucus's Babylonian lion staters, which

Newell suggests may have been intended for bulk use rather than individual coinage needs.

2 ESM, pp. 104-5. Newell suggests that Babylon may have stopped issuing lion coinage in the

280's (?), and in any case before the accession of Antiochus I in 280 B.C. N. Waggoner, "The Early

Alexander Coinage at Seleucia on the Tigris," ANSMX 15 (1969), p. 22, notes that Babylon's Alexan-

der-type coinage appears to have ceased c. 305 B.C. Based on the likely sequence of the coins of Seleu-

cus I at Susa, however, A. Houghton has proposed an opening date of the mint at Seleucia of c. 301 B.C.

(see section on Seleucia on the Tigris, n. 1), which poses the problem of explaining the four-year

gap in production of Attic weight coinage in Seleucid Babylonia during this period.

94

Arthur Houghton Collection

BABYLONIA: SELEUCIA ON THE TIGBIS

Founded by Seleucus I after 312 B.C.,1 Seleucia rapidly replaced Babylon as the admin-

istrative center of Babylonia, as well as the province's principal mint. Except for two

brief periods when the city was under the control of the usurpers Molon (221-220 B.C.)

and Timarchus (in Seleucia 161 B.C.), Seleucia struck coinage continuously and voluminous-

ly through the reigns of Seleucus's successors until c. 140 B.C., when the city was seized by

Mithradates I of Parthia.2 Seleucia was retaken for a short period by Antiochus VII

during his eastern campaign against the Parthians in 131/0-130/9 B.C., then was lost

again to the Parthian king Phraates II.

SELEUCUS I

Since the publication of ESM, re-

investigation of the early Seleucid coin-

ages of Seleucia by N. Waggoner ("The

Early Alexander Coinage at Seleucia on

the Tigris," ANSMN 15 [1969], pp. 21-

30) has indicated that Alexander-type

silver and associated issues of Seleucus I

(Newell's Series I, ESM 1-28; 936-45,

below) were not struck until after the

mint had begun production of its prin-

cipal coinage, of the elephant quadriga

and related types (Newell's Series II-

ESM 29-133). The catalogue of coins

of Seleucus I given below follows the

chronology of ESM as revised by Wag-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

goner.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Athe-

na, holding spear and shield,

in chariot drawn r. by four

horned elephants, anchor

above; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

914. A \ 16.80. .Rep. to 1., B; above, AI.

Obv. die and rev. monograms of

ESM 29.

915. A I 16.07. Rev. to 1., Z; above, AA.

916. A / 16.60. Rev. in exergue, NA. See

ESM 39-42, similar tetradrachms

with monograms AN or NA.

Obv. Horned and bridled head of

horse r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY In-

verted anchor; to r., P.

917. J E / 3.74. ESM 46.

Obv. As 914.

Rev. Inscription and type as 914;

above, BW.

Tetradrachm.

918. A / 17.10. See ESM 47-50, tetra-

drachms with the same mono-

gram.

Obv. Tripod; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY In-

verted anchor; dotted border.

Obols.

919. A / 0.66. Rev. to 1., A; to r., # .

Sternberg, 25 Nov. 1976, 136.

ESM 58.

920. A / 0.59. Rev. to 1., tjH; to r., B.

Myers-Adams 6, 6 Dec. 1973, 224.

ESM 60.

1 Exactly when is not certain. However, R. Hadley's endorsement of Bouche-Leclerq's view that

the city was established c. 300 B.C., "The Foundation Date of Seleucia on the Tigris," Historia 27

(1978), pp. 228-30, is supported by this author, Persepolis, p. 9, n. 6, on the basis of the probable date

of issuance of the elephant biga coinage of Susa.

8 Suse, pp. 361 and 371.

Babylonia

95

Obv. As 914.

Rev. Inscription and type as 914.

Tetradrachm.

921. A \ 17.12. Rev. in exergue, AG.

Obv. die A49 of ESM 62; rev. as

ESM 62.

Drachms.

922. A f 4.21. Rev. below anchor ; be-

low shield, A . WSM, p. 12,70A.

923. A / 4.20. Rev. to 1., O; to r., of

anchor, A. WSM, p. 13, 78A.

924. A / 4.18. Rev. below shield, A 0.

ESM 80.

Rev. Inscription and type as 914

except Athena in elephant

biga.

Hemidrachm.

925. A \ 2.06. Rev. to 1., A; below shield,

O. SM 83.

J?w. Inscription and type as 914.

Drachm.

926. A \ 4.06. Rev. below shield, O; in

exergue, A. Dies of ESM 90.

Ofct;. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Bull

charging r.; above, K; in

exergue, O; dotted border.

927. JE <- 13.23. WSM, p. 13, 99A.

928. JE f 3.31.

Obv. As 914.

Rev. Inscription and type as 914;

below shield, pentalpha and

O.

Tetradrachm.

929. A \ 16.88. Dies A68-P160 of ESM

101.

Drachm.

930. A \ 4.12. Rev. Rev. to 1., O; below

shield, pentalpha. ESM 103.

Tetradrachm.

931. A / 17.07. Rev. to L, pentalpha;

below shield, O.

Obv. As 927.

Rev. Inscription and type as 927;

above, O and pentalpha.

932. JE \ 6.28. ESM 105.

Obv. Winged head of Medusa r.;

dotted border.

Rev. Inscription and type as 927;

between rear legs of bull, W;

beneath belly, O.

933. JE / 10.92. See ESM 117 for bronze

issue of same type with similar

monograms.

Obv. As 914.

Rev. Inscription and type as 914;

monograms or symbol, if any,

indistinguishable.

Obo1.

934. A \'0.64.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis (?); to lower 1. T;

to lower r., BE or BE A.

Stater.

96

Arthur Houghton Collection

Rev. Inscription and type as 936,

except Zeus holds eagle and

scepter.

938. A *- 16.74, .Rep. to 1. T (?) above T';

beneath throne, A.

Nos. 936-38, above, chronologically

precede 939-46, in accordance with

Waggoner's study.

Obv. As 935.

Rev. Inscription and type as 935.

Stater.

939. All 8.61. Rev. to lower r., K. ESM\.

Drachm.

940. A / 3.92. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

toi., W.

Obv. As 936.

Rev. Inscription and type as 938;

to 1., W; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

941. A <- 17.09. Rev. beneath throne, AI.

Obv. die A12 of ESM 4.

942. A \ 17.09. .Rei>. beneath throne, K;

Dies A18-P50 of ESM 5.

Obv. Head of Athena in crested

Attic helmet r.; dotted border.

ff.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. Bull r., pawing ground; above,

943. J E / 8.29. ESM 6.

944. JE - 2.21. Rev. monogram indistin-

guishable.

Obv. As 936.

Rev. Inscription and type as 938;

to 1., M* within wreath; be-

neath throne, K.

Tetradrachm.

945. A 1 16.94. Dies A15-P55 of ESM 12.

JOINT REIGN OF SELEUCUS I AND

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Winged head of Medusa r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAIIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY AN-

TIOXOY Bull charging r.;

monograms or symbol, if any,

indistinguishable.

946. JE f 3.85. See ESM 664-67; 672-74,

for silver issues of Bactra struck

in the names of both Seleucus and

his son. This bronze issue,

without identifiable monogram

which could relate it to a specific

mint, has been attributed to

Seleucia on the basis of its type,

style and low relief.

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

Nike and scepter; to 1., ZIM;

beneath throne, EY (?); dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachm.

947. *- 17.11. See Waggoner, pp. 26-27 for

the attribution of similar Alexan-

drine tetradrachms struck in

Antiochus's name to the period

of the joint rule of Seleucus and

Antiochus at Seleucia.

ANTIOCHUS I

Babylonia

97

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo 3/4

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

facing r., arms on trophy;

dotted border.

953. JE \ 6.78. Rev. 1. field monogram, if

any, off flan; to r., W. See ESM

167 for a bronze issue of similar

type with same r. field monogram.

954. JE I 3.79. Rev. to 1., WH; to r., $. See

ESM 177, a tetradrachm with

the same monograms.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus I

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

955. JR \ 16.79. Rev. to 1., ffl; to r., .

Kricheldorf 13,23 Sept. 1963,148.

ESM 178.

956. JR f 17.06. Rev. to 1.. W; to r., S .

ESM 181.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo 3/4 1.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., + ; to r.,

M.

957. JE f 19.12. See ESM 182 for a bronze

of similar type with the same r.

field monogram.

958. JE f 14.86. As 957, but the 1. field

monogram is rendered "t".

959. JE f 2.46. L. field monogram partly off

flan. See ESM 184 for a bronze

of similar type with the same r.

field monogram.

Obv. As 955.

Rev. Inscription and type as 955.

Tetradrachm.

960. JR f 17.01. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., &

Kastner 6, 26 Nov. 1974, 174.

Dies of ESM 186e.

Staters.

961. N / 8.47. Rev. to 1., C*J>. Obv. die and

rev. monogram of ESM 187.

Houghton, Tarik Darreh, p. 34,

10 (this coin).

962. N / 8.55. Obv. die of 961. Rev. to 1.,

kP; to r., W. Houghton, Tarik

Darreh, p. 42, n. 11 and pi. 4, B

(this coin).

Tetradrachm.

963. JR f 17.02. Rev. as 962. ESM 189.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAK2Z ANTIOXOY Athe-

na standing 1., holding spear,

with 1. hand on hip and shield

to 1.; to 1., fef; to r., ^ ; dot-

ted border.

964. JE / 7.55. ESM 192.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.

Rev. AAEEANAPOY Nike walking

98

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Horned and diademed bust

of Seleucus 3/4 1.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOYRider

with spear in upraised r.

hand on horned horse rearing

r.; beneath hooves, a fallen

man; to 1., ;to r., tiff; dot-

ted border.

967. JE \ 3.74. ESM 203.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Hor-

ned and bridled head of horse

r.; to 1., W>; to r., Dtf .

968. JE - 3.23. See, ESM 207, a bronze

with bull's head reverse type,

with the same monograms.

Obv. As 966.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., iED ; to r.,

W.

969. JE f 9.71. ESM 213.

SELEUCUS III

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

RT ; to r., ttf .

Tetradrachm.

970. /R \ 16.97. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams of ESM 2156.

MOLON

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.; dot-

ted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ MOAQNOZ Dra-

ped Apollo walking r., holding

kithara and plectrum; to 1.,

indistinguishable monogram;

to r., ffl ; dotted border.

971. JE f 7.56. See ESM 227 for a bronze

issue of Molon of similar type.

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

(?); to r., PF? (?); dotted

border.

Gold Octodrachm.

972. N f 34.15. Leu 20, 25 Apr. 1978, 161.

See ESM 240, a tetradrachm

with similar monograms.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1., in-

distinguishable monogram; to

r., m.

973. JE f 8.42. See WSM, p. 21, 243A, a

bronze issue of similar type.

Obv. As 972.

Rev. Inscription and type as 972;

dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

Babylonia

99

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv.

Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

A / 17.00. Rev. in exergue, . See

Suse, pi. 25, E-F, tetradrachms

of similar style.

A / 16.78. Rev. in exergue, W. Obv.

die and rev. monogram of Suse,

pi. 25, M. Strauss, p. 112, 33

(this coin).

981. A f 16.96. Rev. to L, PP. Obv. die

of Suse, p. 138, 303. Merkholm,

Susiana, p. 132, 38 (this coin).

979.

980.

Obv.

Rev.

982. JE \

983. JE f

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

984. JE \

985. JE f

986. JE f

Obv.

Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r.; fillet border.

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY God-

dess, draped and wearing

polos, seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter; at

feet, a bird (eagle?), 1.; no

distinguishable monograms;

dotted border.

18.36. Obv. to 1., k . Suse, p. 291

("Group A"), and pi. 26, K-L.

16.02. As 982.

Obv. to 1.,

7.51.

M-O.

4.69. Obv. to 1.

307, 4-6; P-Q.

2.46.

Suse, pi. 26,

Suse, pi. 26,

Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY 9ECY

ETTIOANOYZ Type as 982;

dotted border.

987. JE f 6.48. Rev. to 1., PP; to r.,

indistinguishable symboi. See

Suse, pi. 26, E-H for bronze issues

of similar type with same 1. field

monogram.

988. JE f 2.77. Rev. to lower r., PP.

989. JE j 9.73. Obv. star above king's fore-

head.

TIMARCHUS

Obv. Diademed, helmeted bust of

Timarchus r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ METAAOY TI-

100

Arthur Houghton Collection

JR / 16.63. Obv. to 1., Iff; rev. Tyche

wears a polos. Suse, pi. 28, E.

Gold Octodrachm.

999. N f 33.68. Obv. die of 998. Dies of

Suse, pi. 28, E, a tetradrachm.

Obv. Type as 996.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo standing 1., hold-

ing arrow and resting 1. elbow

on tripod; dotted border.

1000. JE f 4.70. Suse, pi. 28, G-I.

1001. JE j 5.39. As 1000.

Obv. Horned, diademed bust of

Demetrius 3/41.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Bearded, robed male figure

wearing polos, standing 3/4 1.,

holding patera and cornuco-

piae; dotted border.

1002. JE f 3.66. Suse, pi. 28, K.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet (1003) or dotted

(1004) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

9EOTTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding Nike and scepter.

Tetradrachms.

1003. JR f 16.50. Rev. in exergue, 4^. Suse,

p. 147, 311. HLR, p. 118, 89

(this coin). An attribution to

Nisibis is an alternative possibility

for this tetradrachm. Its single

monogram is the same as that of

eastern issues of Demetrius I

which cannot be part of the

Seleucia series belonging to the

latter king (see 910-11, above).

1004. JR / 16.53. Rev. in exergue, W. Suse,

p. 147, 312. HLR, p. 118, 90

(this coin).

Obv. Type as 1003; no border.

Rev. Inscription as 1003. Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Drachm.

1005. Si \ 4.14. Rev. exergue monogram off

flan. Suse, p. 148, 313. Strauss,

p. 116,106 (this coin).

Obv. As 1003.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1003.

Tetradrachm.

1006. JR / 16.73. Suse, p. 148, 314; HLR,

p. 118, 97 (this coin).

DEMETRIUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; dotted (1007) or fillet

(1008, 1010-13) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY OI-

AAAEAOOY NIKATOPOZ

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Tetradrachm.

1007. JR f 16.41. Strauss, p. 118, 122 (this

coin).

Rev. Inscription as 1007. Tyche

SUSIANA

101

Rev. Inscription and type as 1008.

Tetradrachm.

1013. JR / 16.28. Rev. in exergue, W . Suse,

pi. 30, F-I. HLR, p. 120, 134.

(this coin).

Obv. Diademed, lightly bearded

head of Demetrius r.; fillet

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY 9E-

OY NI KATOPOZ Nude Apollo

seated 1. on omphalos, holding

arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1014. A / 16.12. HLR, p. 120, 142 (this

coin).

1015. A / 16.20. As 1014. HLR, p. 120,

143 (this coin).

See Strauss, p. 119, 129, regar-

ding the attribution of tetradrachms of

the above type to Seleucia. The

inscription, howeverlacking the epithet

OI AAAEAOOY suggests that they

may have been struck during Demetrius's

second reign, and therefore possibly at

another mint, perhaps Nisibis.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY NI-

KATOPOZ Bearded male

figure, wearing polos and

holding cornucopiae, clasping

hand of female figure

(Tyche?) wearing polos and

with cornucopiae.

1016. JE f 5.90. Rev. to 1., E; between

figures, Y.

1017. JE \ 7.28. Rev. to 1., H above I";

between figures, I.

1018. JE f 11.14. Rev. to 1., H above E;

between figures, Y.

1019. JE f 5.54.

Le Rider (Suse, p. 152) has questioned

the attribution of bronze issues of the

above type to Seleucia by E. T. Newell

in his review of R. H. McDowell, Coins

from Seleucia on the Tigris (Ann Arbor,

1935), in AJA 1937, p. 516, where he

comments on an autonomous bronze issue

(McDowell's no. 132) with a reverse type

similar to the above issues. The in-

scription of 1016-19 suggests that they

were struck after Demetrius's Parthian

captivity, and therefore at another mint,

perhaps Nisibis.

ANTIOCHUS VII

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EYEP-

TETOY Nike standing 1.,

holding wreath and palm

branch; in exergue, mP (183

S.E. = 130/9 B.C.).

1020. JE f 5.54. Suse, p. 155, and pi. 31,

E-F.

SUSIANA: SUSA

Shortly after the assertion of his claim to rule the empire of Alexander in the east, and

possibly in connection with his eastern campaigns, Seleucus I began issuing coins in his own

name at Susa, which he renamed Seleucia on the Eulaeus. Thereafter Susa struck continu-

ously as a Seleucid mint until the occupation of the city by the Elymaean ruler Kamnaski-

res I c. 147 B.C. Demetrius II regained Susa, issuing a brief coinage of tetradrachms c. 145

102

Arthur Houghton Collection

SELEUCUS I

The catalogue of coins of Seleucus I

given below follows the chronology of

ESM, as amended by Houghton, Perse-

polis. Specific references are to coins in

this study.

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne,

holding eagle and scepter;

to 1., wreath above horned

horse's head 1.; beneath Zeus's

arm, Boeotian shield; beneath

throne, BE above TI; dotted

border.

Tetradrachm.

1021. JR \ 16.80. Sotheby, 30 Apr. 1958

(Haughton), 123. ESM 123;

Houghton, pi. 1, 4.

Obv. Head of Alexander as Diony-

sus, in helmet covered with

panther's skin and adorned

with the horns and ear of a

bull; dotted border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Vic-

tory standing r., crowning

trophy with a laurel wreath;

dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

1022. /R \ 17.00. Rev. to lower 1., BE;

between victory and trophy,

Boeotian shield; to lower r., R" .

Spaer, Qazvin 21 (this coin);

Houghton, p. 6, dies A1-P2 and

pi. 1, 3.

1023. JR \ 17.08. Rev. to lower 1., ^;

between victory and trophy, R".

ESM 426.

Drachm.

1024. JR / 3.91. Rev. to lower 1., H;

between victory and trophy, AX.

ESM 418.

Tetradrachm.

1025. JR \ 16.89. Rev. to lower 1., M;

between victory and trophy, AX.

ESM 420.

Obv. As 1021.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Type

as 1021; to 1., Helios

bust facing, above K;

beneath throne, AP; dotted

border.

Tetradrachm.

1026. JR -* 17.03. Obv. die and rev. mono-

grams of ESM 304.

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.,

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Athe-

na holding spear and shield,

in chariot drawn by two

horned elephants r.; above,

spearhead; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

1027. JR / 17.17. Rev. to r., Helios bust

facing; in exergue, K , A P. Obv.

die and rev. monograms of ESM

307.

SUSIANA

103

Rev. Inscription and type as 1027;

above, anchor; above ele-

phants' heads, A; to r., A.

Tetradrachm.

1032. A / 16.94.

Newell's assignment of ESM 331-35

and ESM 337-39, to Susa has been

questioned by both Le Rider (Suse,

pp. 31-32) and Morkholm, who has

suggested that they may have been

struck at Ecbatana instead. Pending a

study which would conclusively resolve

the question of attribution, the following

eastern issues of Seleucus I have been

catalogued according to the arrangement

In ESM.

Obv. As 1027.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOYAthe-

na holding spear and shield,

in chariot drawn by four

horned elephants r.; above,

anchor; to r. of shield, ; to

r. of elephants, @ .

Tetradrachm.

1033. A. <- 16.77. See ESM 331-35 for issues

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

with the monogram @.

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ar-

temis, holding arrow and bow,

in chariot drawn by two

horned elephants r.; above

elephants, @ ; to lower r., .

Stater.

1034. N <- 8.56. Dies of ESM 331. For

another example, see G. K. Jen-

kins, "Recent Acquisitions of

Greek Coins by the British Mu-

seum," NC 1959, p. 42, 22.

Obv. Bearded head of Heracles

wearing lion's skin r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant, bell suspended from

neck, walking r.; above, an-

chor and ; to lower r., ;

dotted border.

1035. M \ 8.89. See ESM 335 for a bronze

issue of similar type with the

same upper monogram.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1033;

to 1. of Athena, bow; above

shield, ; to r. of shield,

anchor; to lower r., .

Tetradrachm.

1036. A I 16.48. Dies of ESM 338.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Alexander as Diony-

sus, in helmet covered with

panther's skin and adorned

with the ear and horns of a

bull; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Vic-

tory standing r., crowning

trophy with a laurel wreath;

between victory and trophy,

in ; dotted border.

Drachm.

1037. A f 3.97. Houghton, p. 11 and pi.

104

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian heImet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis.

Staters.

1040. A/ I 8.47. Rev. to lower 1., ; to

lower r., IE. See WSM, p. 24,

345A, a tetradrachm with similar

monograms.

1041. A' - 8.50. Rev. to lower 1., -P; to

lower r., M. Hess-Leu 45, 12

May 1970, 334. See ESM 351, a

tetradrachm of the same type

with similar monograms.

Obv. Busts of Dioscuri, facing; dot-

ted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ele-

phant walking 1.; to r., Pi;

between elephant's legs, torch

(?).

1042. JE I 2.47. See Suse, p. 46, 6 and pi. 2,

for bronze issues of similar type.

ANTIOCHUS I OR II

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

rinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis (?); to lower 1. 6c;

to lower r., SE .

Stater.

1043. A' \ 8.60. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 34, 11 (this coin).

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and stylis; to lower 1., Bt ;to

lower r., 2J.

Staters.

1044. A! \ 8.52. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 34, 12 (this coin).

1045. N -* 8.50. Rev. lower r. field mono-

gram has been recut over ^1.

MuM 19, 5 Jun. 1959, 523.

Houghton, Tarik Darreh, p. 42,

n. 12 and pi. 5, C (this coin).

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., Be; to

r., .

Stater.

1046. A! / 8.57. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 34, 13 (this coin).

SELEUCUS II OR III

Obv. Diademed male bust 3/4 r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

A ; r. field monogram partly

off flan.

1047. JE \ 15.96. Suse, p. 52, 24, and pi. 3.

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

SUSIANA

105

Obv. Horned and diademed bust of

Antiochus 3/4 r.; dotted bor-

der.

Rev. BAZIAEQE ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., ;to

r., X (?); dotted border.

1049. JE / 14.77. See Suse, p. 54, 34, and

pi. 3 for a tetradrachm with

similar obverse style.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIA EQZ AN TIOXOYAthe-

na wearing Corinthian helmet

standing facing, head 1., hold-

ing spear; at feet to 1., shield;

to 1., A. ; to r., &; dotted

border.

1050. JE \ 7.22. ESM 391; Suse, p. 55, 36

and pi. 3.

On the basis of their monograms and

adjusted dies, Le Rider (Suse, p. 25 and

n. 7) has strongly questioned Newell's

attribution to Susa of coins of the type of

1051-56, below (ESM 392-404), and

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

has suggested their assignment to Nisi-

bis instead.

Pending a definitive resolution of the

attribution of such issues, they have

been catalogued in accordance with ESM.

Obv. As 1050.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

1051. A -> 16.89. Rev. to 1., ;to r., ft .

HLR, p. 112. 2 (this coin).

1052. A / 16.91. Rev. to 1., n . ESM 392.

1053. A \ 17.11. Rev. to 1., rose; to r., W. .

Obv. die A2 and rev. symbol and

monogram of ESM 393.

1054. A f 17.17. Rev. to 1., rose; to r., PA.

Obv. die A3 and rev. symbol and

monogram of ESM 394.

1055. A f 16.50. Rev. to 1., rose; to r., PT .

ESM 396.

1056. A f 16.93. Rev. to 1., V; to r., Ai.

Dies of ESM 399.

Obv. Bee; dotted border.

Rev. BAZ IA EQZ ANTIOXOY Her-

mes, wearing petasus and

holding caduceus, standing

3/4 1.; monograms, if any,

indistinguishable.

1057. JE f 2.77. Suse, p. 57, 43.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1058. JR f 17.04. Rev. to 1., X; to r., Pfl.

Dies of Suse, pi. 4, D.

1059. ' /R / 15.56. Dies of 1058. Strauss, p.

Ill, 15 (this coin).

The portrait of 1058-59 resembles that

106

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv.

Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; dot-

ted border.

Tetradrachms.

1063. At f 17.08. Rev. to L, A; to r.,

MuM 37, 5 Dec. 1968,241. Strauss,

p. 112, 29 (this coin).

1064. At f 16.87. Rev. to r., Ab\ in exergue,

A (?). Dies of Suse, pi. 5, E-F.

Obv. Diademed head of Zeus with

Ammon's horn r.; to 1., lotus-

tipped scepter; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike,

holding palm branch, riding

biga r.; to r., Ab ; below, W3.

1065. JE 3.35. See Suse, p. 67 and pi. 5,

H, a bronze issue of similar type

with the same monograms.

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Die of 1064 (Head of Antio-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

chus IV).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

ompholos, holding arrow and

bow; dotted border (1068-76).

Tetradrachm.

At / 16.88. Rev. to r., Ab ; in exergue,

1066.

1067.

1068.

1069.

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Tetradrachms.

At \ 16.94. Rev. to r., Ab ; in exergue,

A. Dies of Suse, p. 69, 67. HLR,

p. 116, 56 (this coin).

At \ 16.68. Rev. to L, ffl ; in exergue,

A. HLR, p. 116, 58 (this coin).

Al / 16.79. Rev. to 1., ;in exergue,

fl. HLR, p. 116, 59 (this coin).

1071. AX.

1070. Al f 16.87. Obv. die of 1069. Rev. to

1., P) in exergue, AI. Morkholm,

Susiana, p. 138, 65 (this coin).

16.88. Rev. die of 1070, but the

exergue monogram has been recut

to the form AN. Strauss, p. 114,

62 (this coin).

16.93. Rev. to 1., A; in exergue,

R. Dies of Suse, pi. 6, 2.

At \ 16.88. Obv. die of 1072. Rev.

die of 1072, but the 1. field mono-

gram has been recut to the form

. HLR, p. 116, 60 (this coin).

16.81. Rev. in exergue, H.

Strauss, p. 114, 57 (this coin).

15.68. Rev. to 1., H ; to r., mono-

gram off flan; in exergue, H.

Strauss, p. 113, 56 (this coin).

1076. At / 16.58. Rev. to 1., A ; or r. Y1; in

exergue, 7^ . Morkholm, Susiana,

p. 136, 59 (this coin).

SUSIANA

107

DEMETRIUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

1081. A \ 16.84. Rev. to 1., X; in exergue,

EC (WT)?. Strauss, p. 118,

119 (this coin).

1082. A -> 16.86. Rev.tol.,V>\ ;tor., H$ (?);

in exergue, M. . Strauss, p. 118,

120 (this coin).

1083. A \ 16.84. Rev. die of 1082. Strauss,

p. 118, 121 (this coin).

SUSIANA: ANTIOCH ON THE PERSIAN GULF

The first coinage of Antioch on the Persian Gulf appears to have been struck by An-

tiochus IV, who is reported to have refounded the city after its destruction by floods.1

Thereafter the mint struck continuously until the early part of the reign of Demetrius II.

Antioch fell to the Parthians c. 141 R.C.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r., star above forehead on

1084-86; fillet border.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1084. A f 16.82. Rev. star above head; to

1., PP; to r., W. Morkholm,

Seleucid Mint, p. 32, A2-P1 (this

coin).

1085. A f 16.83. Rev. to 1., W>; to r.,W.

1086. A / 17.01. As 1085. Morkholm, Se-

leucid Mint, p. 32, A3-P2 (this

coin).

1087. A / 16.83. Rev. to 1., rl ; to r.p A.

MuM FPL 326, May 1974, 4.

1088. A f 16.79. Rev. to 1., Ti ; to r., H.

MuM 37, 5 Dec. 1968, 243. Mork-

holm, Seleucid Mint, p. 34, A7-

P7 (this coin).

Obv. Diademed, radiate head of

Antiochus r., dotted border.

Hemidrachm.

1089. A f 1.92. Rev. to L, CD (?).

Obols.

1090. A 1 0.71.

1091. A \ 0.79.

Morkholm, Seleucid Mint, pp. 3233,

has attributed drachm issues of Antio-

chus IV of the type of 1089-91 to An-

tioch on the Persian Gulf, primarily on

the basis of their adjusted dies.

See also 1316-17, which Morkholm

has suggested should be attributed to

Antioch on the Persian Gulf.

1 Pliny, HN 6.138-39; see O. Morkholm, Antiochus IV of Syria (Copenhagen, 1966), pp. 167-69.

108

Arthur Houghton Collection

DEMETRIUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on om-

phalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Tetradrachms.

1092. JR f 16.83. Rev. to L, 3 ; to r., .

Morkholm, Seleucid Mini, p. 34,

Al-Pl (this coin).

1093. JR f 16.60. Rev. 1. field monogram off

flan; to r., 13 . Kricheldorf 18, 4

Dec. 1967, 84. See Morkholm,

Seleucid Mint, p. 35, A5-P6, a

tetradrachm with the same r.

field monogram.

1094. JR / 16.62. Rev. to 1., H (?); in exer-

gue, EE? . Obv. die A2 of Mork-

holm, Seleucid Mint, p. 34.

Strauss, p. 115, 75 (this coin).

1095. JR f 16.78. Rev. toi., & ;tor., 5 (?).

Strauss, p. 115, 76 (this coin).

1096. JR \ 16.65. Rev. to 1., indeterminate

monogram (>fc ?); to r., indistin-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

guishable monogram. Morkholm,

Seleucid Mint, p. 36, A8-P9 (this

coin).

1097. JR f 16.83. Rev. to 1., ffi ; to r., 1 .

Obv. die of Morkholm, Seleucid

Mint, p. 36, A6-P7, where 1.

field monogram is rendered A .

See also 1319-20, tetradrachm issues

of Demetrius which Morkholm has

suggested should be attributed to An-

tioch on the Persian Gulf.

BALUCHISTAN:

The following coin series, related by

style, technique and provenance, was

evidently the product of a local mint,

probably operating during the reign of

Antiochus I.

ANTIOCHUS I?

Obv. Head of Alexander as Diony-

sus, in helmet covered with

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Tetradrachms.

1098. JR f 16.68. Rev. to 1. and r., indis-

tinguishable monograms. Dies

A2-P2 of Morkholm, Seleucid

Mint, p. 37.

1099. JR / 16.64. Rev. to 1., ft; to r., A.

Morkholm, Seleucid Mint, p. 37,

A3-P3 (this coin).

1100. JR / 16.75. Rev. to 1., A ; to r., A.

Rev. die of Morkholm, p. 36,

Al-Pl, where 1. monogram is

rendered A .

1101. JR \ 16.62. Rev. to 1., A; to r., HP.

Dies A4-P4 of Morkholm, Seleu-

cid Mint, p. 37. Strauss, p. 117,

113 (this coin).

Media

109

Drachms.

1103. At \ 3.79. Houghton, Persepolis 1.

1104. At t- 3.80. Houghton, Persepolis 3.

1105. At f 4.11. Rev. below, CI. Houghton,

Persepolis 7.

1106. At \ 3.94. Rev. below, A A. Houghton,

Persepolis 8.

1107. At / 4.09. Rev. below, I A. Houghton,

Persepolis 9.

1108. A f 4.06. .Rep. below, indistinguish-

able monogram. Houghton, Per-

sepolis 10.

Hemidrachms.

1109. At <- 1.90. Rev. below, EB (?).

Houghton, Persepolis 11.

1110. A / 1.91. Houghton, Persepolis 15.

1111. / 2.06. .Rep. below, \F or \J .

Houghton, Persepolis 16.

Rev. Type as 1103; no inscription

except as noted.

Obols.

1112. At / 0.65. Rev. traces of inscription

to r.; below, CA. Houghton,

Persepolis 17.

1113. At \ 0.43. Houghton, Persepolis 20.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1114. At I 0.61. Houghton, Persepolis 21.

1115. At / 0.66. Houghton, Persepolis 22.

1116. At / 0.61. Houghton, Persepolis 23.

1117. A <- 0.59. Houghton, Persepolis 24.

1118. At \ 0.60 (broken). Houghton, Perse-

polis 25.

1119. At / 0.79.

MEDIA: ECBATANA

The mint of Ecbatana opened under Seleucus I late in the fourth century B.C., initially

striking gold and silver coinage in Alexander's name, then issues with the name of Seleucus

as king.1 With the exception of a two-year period when the usurper Timarchus held the city

as his capital (142-140 B.C.) Ecbatana remained under continuous Seleucid control, for the

most part maintaining a voluminous and often diverse coinage which ceased only when

Mithradates I of Parthia seized the city in c. 148/7 B.C.2

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. AAEEANAPOY Zeus seated

1. on throne, holding eagle and

scepter; dotted border.

Tetradrachms.

1120. At I 17.03. Rev. to 1., li above fore-

part of grazing horse 1.; beneath

throne, UP. ESM 456.

1121. At \ 17.03. Rev. to 1., head of horned

horse 1.; beneath throne, A I.

ESM 457.

Obv. Head of Athena in Corin-

thian helmet r.

Rev. AAEEANAPOY Nike stand-

ing 1., holding wreath and

stylis; to1., above above

inverted anchor; to lower 1.,

forepart of grazing horse 1.;

to lower r., ZQ.

Stater.

1122. N I 8.51. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 35, 16 (this coin).

1 Newell, ESM, p. 162, proposes a date of c. 311 B.C. for the opening of the mint. For whatever

reason, Seleucus's name was evidently not added to the coinage of Ecbatana until more than a decade

after his assumption of the royal title in 305 B.C.

* Le Rider, Suse, pp. 339-40.

110

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. As 1120.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1120;

to 1., K and above anchor

above forepart of grazing

horse L; beneath throne, ZQ.

Tetradrachm.

1123. JR \ 17.04. ESM 475.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Type

as 1120; to 1., anchor above

forepart of grazing horse 1. on

1124-30; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

1124. JR \ 17.14. Rev. to 1., <g and ;

beneath throne, ZQ. ESM 480.

Spaer, Qazvin 49 (this coin).

Didrachm.

1125. JR / 8.62. Rev. to 1., P"; beneath

throne, ZQ. Spaer, Qazvin 60

(this coin).

Tetradrachms.

1126. JR \ 17.16. Rev. to 1., W; beneath

throne, W . ESM 487. Spaer,

Qazvin 75 (this coin).

1127. JR I 17.12. Rev. to 1., ; beneath

throne, M. Obv. die and rep.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

monograms of ESM 497.

1128. JR | 17.00. .Rep. to 1., ; beneath

throne, rfl . ESM 498.

1129. yR I 17.04. flep. to 1., tk ; beneath

throne, . ESA* 500.

1130. i \ 16.93. Rev. to 1., BA; beneath

throne, K . ESM 504.

1131. JR / 17.10. Rev. to L, inverted anchor

above A; beneath throne, A".

ESM 506.

Drachm.

1132. JR f 4.09. Uei>. BAZIAEQZ off flan;

toi.,r (A1 ?). Tentative attribu-

tion, based on obverse style and

presumed monogram.

Obo1.

1133. JR \ 0.59. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor;

monograms, if any, indistinguish-

able. Tentative attribution, based

on symboi.

See also 1033-36, issues of Seleucus I

whose attribution to Susa by Newell has

been questioned by Le Rider and Mork-

holm, and which may have been struck

at Ecbatana.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter; dotted bor-

der.

Drachm.

1134. JR - 4.13. Rev. to 1., tt above fore-

part of lion 1.; beneath throne, TV.

ESM 509.

Tetradrachms.

1135. JR / 17.10. Rev. to 1., & above fore-

part of lion 1.; beneath throne, .

Hess-Leu 28, 6 May 1965, 269.

See ESM 511, a drachm with the

same symbol and monograms.

Spaer, Qazvin 87 (this coin).

Media

111

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., r. foot on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow; dotted border.

1141. JE -> 5.10. Rev. to L, A. ESM 538.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow (1142) or three

arrows (1143) and bow.

Stater.

1142. N I 8.50. Rev. to 1. of Apollo's head,

; toi. of legs, above forepart

of grazing horse 1. WSM, p. 28,

541A.

Tetra drachm.

1143. JR I 16.33. Rev. to 1. of head, ;

to 1. of legs, W above forepart of

grazing horse 1. ESM 542.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding three arrows (1144) or

one arrow (1145) and bow; to

1. of legs, forepart of grazing

horse 1.; dotted border.

Staters.

1144. A! I 8.58. Rev. to 1. of head, ;

beneath hand, W. Houghton

Tarik Darreh, p. 35, 17 (this

coin).

1145. N \ 8.48. Rev. to 1. of head, ;

beneath hand, A. Houghton,

Tarik Darreh, p. 35,18 (this coin).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow.

Stater.

1146. A <- 8.44. Rev. to 1. of head, A ; to 1.

of legs, OS ; to lower 1., forepart of

grazing horse 1. Houghton, Tarik

Darreh, p. 35, 19 (this coin).

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.; dotted

border.

Drachms.

1147. JR f 4.02. Rev. to 1., A.

1148. JR \ 3.58. Rev.tol., 3U ; to r., . See

WSM, p. 29,547B, a drachm with

the same r. field monogram.

Obv. As 1144.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo standing 1. resting 1. el-

bow on tripod; dotted border.

1149. JE ] 5.16. Rev. to 1. of head, ;

beneath arm, ^ above horse's

head 1.; to r., W. ESM 548.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant surmounted by mahout

walking r.; dotted border.

1150. JE <- 4.73. Rev. to L, Pi. ESM 551.

Obv. Head of Athena wearing crest-

ed Attic helmet r.; dotted bor-

der.

112

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r., club over r. shoulder; dot-

ted border.

1154. JE \ 5.34. Rev. beneath arm, fcl above

Hi . ESM 566.

1155. JE f 2.55. As 1154. ESM 567.

Obv. As 1147.

Rev. BAZIAEYZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing L, holding palm

branch and resting 1. elbow on

tripod.

1156. JE / 6.27. Rev. to 1., I; to r., PP.

ESM 568.

1157. JE \ 2.31. As 1156. ESM 569.

Obv. As 1144.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1146.

Stater.

1158. A'f 8.53. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 36, 26 (this coin).

SELEUCUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

t*T above horse's head 1.;

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

to r., PJ.

Tetradrachm.

1159. JR / 16.84. J. Schulman 262, 14 May

1975, 1088. ESM 571 (this coin).

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1160. JR -* 17.10. Rev. to 1., $f above horse's

head 1.; to r., Wf . ESM 579.

1161. /R I 16.85. Rev. to above horse's

head 1. Obv. die of ESM 588|3.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath

and palm branch; in outer 1.

field, W; in inner 1. field, in-

verted anchor; r. field mono-

gram, if any, off flan.

1162. JE f 8.07. See ESM 585, a similar

bronze issue with the same L

field monogram.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing r., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., PI; to r.,

to above inverted anchor;

dotted border.

1163. JE f 18.68. ESM 591.

1164. JE I 13.77. As 1163.

1165. JE \ 13.97. As 1163.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1160.

1166. JE \ 22.44. Rev. to 1., [ft above ele-

phant's head 1.; r. field mono-

gram off flan. ESM 594.

1167. JE \ 10.66. As 1166. ESM 596.

1168. JE f 7.63. As 1166. ESM 597.

1169. JE / 12.03. Rev. toi., |?| (?); tor., ft.

HLR, p. 113, 5 (this coin).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Tri-

pod; monograms indistin-

guishable.

Media

113

Rev. BAZIA EQZ ANTIOXOY

Mounted horseman with lance

charging r.; to 1., J ; to r., $f.

1177. JE I 11.85. ESM 615.

1178. JE <- 3.85. ESM 617.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOYHorse

grazing 1.; to 1., fit; to r., J .

1179. jE f 25.22. ESM 618.

/Jew. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Mare

standing 1., head reverted

toward suckling foal; to 1., ifr .

1180. JE \ 20.43. ESM 622.

1181. JE f 27.08. As 1180.

1182. JE \ 10.84. ESM 623.

Oiw. Type as 1160; dotted (1183,

1189-91) or fillet (1184) bor-

der.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Ele-

phant walking r.

Tetradrachms.

1183. JR f 16.91. Rev. to 1., 3 I; to r., PH;

dotted border. K. Kress 129,

27 Apr. 1964, 323. Obv. and rev.

dies of ESM 626, but the r.

monogram has been added. Boeh-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

ringer, Chronologie, p. 174, 32

(this coin).

1184. JR f 16.86. Rev. to 1., Ffl; to r., f*\

Hess-Leu 28, 6 May 1965, 272.

Dies of ESM 628. Boehringer,

Chronologie, p. 174, 33 (this coin).

Drachms.

1185. JR f 3.90. Rev. to r., Ffl. ESM 631.

1186. JR j 3.62. As 1185.

1187. JR \ 4.06. Rev. above, M"; below, .

Sotheby-Parke Bernet, 13 Jui.

1977, 32. WSM, p. 31, 631A.

1188. JR f 3.84. flep. to r., AT (?).

1189. f 17.05. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor;

beneath belly, V\. ESM 648.

1190. JE \ 16.51. As 1189.

1191. JE f 3.84. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor;

beneath belly, . SM 651.

Obv. Type as 1160.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1160.

Tetra drachm.

1192. JR / 16.88. Obv. dotted border. Rev.

in outer 1. field, R; in inner 1.

field, Xr . HLR, p. 112, 3 (this

coin).

Drachms.

1193. JR f 4.37. Rev. to 1., *r .

1194. / f 3.95. .Rep. in outer 1. field, I*1 or

VI ; in inner 1. field, fr . See Suse,

p. 330, B, 23, a drachm with

similar monograms assigned to

Antiochus IV. HLR, p. 114, 24

(this coin).

1195. JR I 4.18. Rev. to 1., ft ; to r., A.

1196. JR -* 4.17. Dies of 1195.

The attribution of 1193-96 is based on

their portrait, which like the tetradrachm

1192 shows the sharp features of An-

tiochus III.

Nos. 1195-96 carry in their r. field the

monogram 4^, possibly a variant of A I,

which appears on tetradrachm issues of

Antiochus III and Seleucus IV struck at

114

Arthur Houghton Collection

1202. A \ 4.09. Obv. die of 1201. Rev. in

outer 1. field, fX ; in inner 1. field,

A I. Suse, p. 327, B. 8.

1203. A / 4.03. As 1202.

1204. A <- 4.08. As 1202.

Obv. Bust of Dionysus 3/4 r.; dot-

ted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Ele-

phant walking 1.; in exergue,

M ; r. field monogram, if any,

indistinguishable.

1205. JE \ 36.57. Suse, p. 328, C, 3. HLR,

p. 113, 11 (this coin).

1206. JE \ 3.39.

Obv. Busts of Dioscuri, facing; dot-

ted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

walking 1., holding wreath

and palm branch; to 1.,

above M.

1207. JE / 6.05. Suse, p. 327, 2.

ANTIOCHUS IV

Le Rider's arrangement of the silver

issues of Antiochus IV at Ecbatana (Suse,

pp. 328-30) has been adjusted to take

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

into account the likely chronology of

monograms. Nos. 1208-10, for example,

have been placed at the beginning of the

series, on the assumption that they

followed shortly after issues of Seleucus

IV with the monogram Xr , which they

share. Drachm issues with the symbol

horse's head and monogram AK follow

the two tetradrachms which carry the

same symbol and the monograms A IK

ZAP, etc. Where a reasonable chronology

cannot be ascertained, the coins general-

ly follow Le Rider's sequence.

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted (1208-10, 1213-14,

1217-25) or fillet (1211-12)

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Drachms.

1208. A \ 4.09. Rev. in outer r. field, TT;

in inner 1. field, ft; in outer r.

field, cornucopiae. Suse, p. 330,

B, 24.

1209. JR \ 4.12. As 1208.

1210. A <- 4.03. Rev. in outer 1. field, 3* ; in

inner 1. field, ^ .

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY 9EOY

Type as 1208.

Tetradrachms.

1211. JR / 16.89. Rev. to 1., horse's head 1.;

in exergue, AI K ZAP. HLR,

p. 114, 21 (this coin).

1212. JR / 17.01. Obv. die of 1211. Rev.tol.,

horse's head 1.; to r., ZAP; in

exergue, AI K, with traces of the

letter K showing beneath the I.

HLR, p. 114, 20 (this coin).

Rev. Inscription and type as

1208.

Drachms.

1213. JR -* 4.19. Rev. to 1., horse's head 1.;

Media

115

Obv. Bust of Hermes wearing peta-

sus, 3/4 L, caduceus at r.

shoulder; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo standing 1., holding

arrow and bow; to 1., Z ;to r.,

M.

1226. JE -> 9.05. Suse, p. 331, C, 2.

Obv. Elephant, surmounted by ma-

hout, walking r.; to r., W;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nike

walking r., holding wreath;

to r., A; exergue monogram

off flan.

1227. JE I 6.76. Suse, p. 331, C, 4.

ANTIOCHUS V

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY EY-

TTATOPOZ Nude Apollo seated

1. on omphalos, holding arrow

and bow.

Drachms.

1228. JR f 4.03. Obv. to 1., .\ZA. Rev. to

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1., AZK. Obv. die of F. Imhoof-

Blumer, Monnaies grecques, p. 431,

78 ( = HLR, pi. 5, B).

1229. JR f 4.23. Obv. to 1., IA.

See comment following HLR, p. 115,

45, for similar drachms, unattributed to

mint. The tentative attribution to

Ecbatana of 1228-29 is based on hoard

evidence and their stylistic affinity to

issues of Antiochus IV struck at this

mint. However, O. Merkholm suggests

that the adjusted dies of such coins may

indicate their issuance by another eastern

city.

TIMARCHUS

Obv. Diademed head of Timarchus

r.; fillet (1230) or dotted

(1233-34) 1236-38) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ METAAOY TIM-

APXOY Nude Apollo seated

1. on omphalos, holding arrow

and bow.

Drachm.

1230. JR \ 3.82. Obv. die of Suse, pi. 65,

7-8. Based on the condition of

its obverse die, this coin preceded

the drachm series of Timarchus.

recorded by Le Rider. Suse, p.

333, C.

Rev. Inscription as 1230. Nike

walking 1. holding wreath and

palm branch.

1231. JE I 29.78. Suse, pi. 65, 13.

1232. JE I 36.16. As 1231.

1233. JE / 14.75. Obv. to 1., Suse, pi. 65,

14-15.

1234. JE / 17.94. As 1233.

1235. JE \ 17.95. HLR, p. 115, 55 (this

coin).

1236. JE / 9.44. Obv. monogram, if any, off

flan. See Suse, pi. 65, 16-18,

with obverse monogram I.

1237. JE f 8.94. As 1236.

116

Arthur Houghton Collection

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet (1235-41, 1243-48)

or dotted (1242) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY Ty-

che seated 1. on throne,

holding arrow and cornu-

copiae.

Drachms.

1239. JR <- 4.18. Obv. toi., TTA.

1240. JR <- 4.20. Obv. die of 1239.

1241. JR f 4.08. Obv. die of Suse, pi. 66, 5.

The stylistic similarity of 1239-40 to

drachms of Timarchus struck at Ecba-

tana (Suse, pi. 65, 8-9), and the reuse

on 1241 of an obverse die employed on a

drachm of Ecbatana with a seated

Apollo reverse, supports the attribution

of this group. The reverse type of a

Tyche with an arrow, very rare in Se-

leucid coinages, relates 1239-41 to the

following gold stater.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY ZQ-

THPOZ Type as 1239; dot-

ted border.

Stater.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1242. A 8.32. Straus, p. 114, 66 (this

coin).

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on om-

phalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Stater.

1243. A f 8.24. Rev. in exergue, A. MuM

32, 20 Oct. 1966, 145. HLR, p.

116, 65 (this coin).

Drachm.

1244. JR f 3.98. Obv. to r., )K. Obv. die of

Suse, pi. 66, 10.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPIOY ZQ-

THPOZ Type as 1243. Dot-

ted border on 1246-47, 1251-

65.

Tetradrachms.

1245. JR f 16.71. Rev. to 1., horse's head 1.;

to r., palm branch. Hess-Leu 36;

17 Apr. 1968, 324. Obv. die of

Suse, pi. 65, 20-21; pi. 66, 1.

1246. JR \ 17.18. Obv. to 1., star above K.

Rev. to 1., horse's head 1. HLR,

p. 117, 66 (this coin).

1247. JR -> 17.60. Dies of 1246.

Drachms.

1248. JR \ 4.11. Obv. as 1246.

1249. JR -> 3.78. Suse, p. 335, C, 3.

1250. JR ] 3.88. Obv. die of 1249. Rev. toi.,

palm branch. Suse, p. 336, C, 13.

1251. JR <- 4.01. Suse, p. 335, C, 6.

1252. JR / 3.83. As 1251.

1253. JR I 3.93. As 1251.

1254. JR -> 3.96. As 1251.

1255. JR -* 4.05. Obv. die of 1254. Rev. to 1.,

palm branch. Suse, p. 336, C, 13.

1256. JR -* 4.16. Rev. to 1., helmet. Suse,

p. 336, C, 15.

1257. JR / 3.97. Rev. to r., A. Suse, p. 336,

C, 20.

1258. JR / 3.89. As 1257.

1259. JR -> 4.10. Rev. to 1., B.

Northeast

117

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet (1270-73, 1275) or

dotted (? 1274) border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9EOTTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on

omphalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Drachms.

1270. JR f 4.11. Rev. to 1., . Obv. die

of Suse, pi. 67, 22-24.

1271. JR / 4.11. Obv. die of 1270.

1272.

1273.

JR i

JR i

Rev.

4.11.

4.06. As 1272.

Inscription as 1270. Ele-

phant surmounted by mahout,

walking r.

1274. JE / 15.57. Suse, p. 338, C; pi. 67,

27-28.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Rev. Inscription as 1270. Bee;

dotted border.

1275. JE I 2.43. This coin appears to be

most closely related to the series

of bronze issues struck at Ecba-

tana under Alexander. Said to

come from Iran.

NORTHEAST: HECATOMPYLUS OR ARTACOANA

Provenance, style, form of inscription and technique of manufacture point to the probabil-

ity that the following series of coins was struck in the area of northeast Iran. The evidence

for an attribution to either Hecatompylus or Artacoana is inconclusive, however, although

NewelFs suggestion that their originating mint was in a provincial capital is reasonable.1

No coins which can be identified with this group are known to have been struck prior to the

reign of Antiochus I, or later than that of Seleucus II.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1276. JR \ 16.99. Rev. to 1., A9; to r.,

traces of monogram; in exergue,

A . Obv. die of ESM 727-28. See

WSM 729-32, silver series with

same monograms.

1277. JR f 16.91. Rev. to I., /B (AB ?)

above fl; in exergue, A . Obv.

die of ESM 731.

Drachm.

1278. JR / 4.26. Rev. 1. field monogram,

if any, off flan; to r., At (AB ?);

in exergue, A .

Newell, ESM, p. 258, has pointed out

that coins of the above type with the

monogram A , which was continued on

issues of Seleucus II, probably were

struck under Antiochus II. The fact

that ESM 727-28 share their obverse

die with 1276 suggests that they were

more likely issued by the latter king than

by Antiochus I.

SELEUCUS II

118

Arthur Houghton Collection

NORTHEAST: BACTRA

The mint of Bactra opened early in the third century, initially striking coinage during

the joint reign of Seleucus I and his son Antiochus, but carrying only Seleucus's name.1

During the sole reign of Antiochus I and that of Antiochus II, gold staters and two very

brief bronze issues (ESM 716 and 716A; see 1287, below) were added to the mint's produc-

tion. The Seleucid era in Bactra ended at some point after 256 B.C., when Diodotus rebelled

successfully and established an independent Greco-Bactrian kingdom.8

JOINT REIGN OF SELEUCUS I AND

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Laureate head of Zeus r.;

dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOYAthe-

na, holding spear and shield,

in chariot drawn by four

horned elephants r.; above,

anchor; dotted border.

Tetradrachm.

1280. JR I 16.51. Obv. to 1., A. Obv. die

of ESM 657cc-p.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZE AEYKOY AN-

TIOXOY Athena, holding

spear and shield, in chariot

drawn by four horned ele-

phants r.

Tetradrachms.

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

1281. JR I 10.36 (fragment). Obv. monogram,

if any, not visible. Rev. above, @.

ESM 665?

1282. M I 14.05. Obv. below, E. Rev. as

1281. Obv. die of ESM 672a-p.

Drachm.

1283. A | 3.01. Rev. above, @. ESM 675.

1 Newell, ESM, p. 230, suggests that the mint opened no earlier than 289 B.C., based upon the

stylistic correspondence of Bactra's first elephant quadriga tetradrachms with similar issues of Se-

leucia on the Tigris {ESM 69 and 71), struck c. 290-289 B.C. N. Waggoner's judgement that the

elephant quadriga coinage inaugurated the output of the mint at Seleucia c. 305 ("The Early Alexan-

der Coinage at Seleucia on the Tigris," ANSMN 15 (1969), p. 30, would entail an earlier opening date

for Bactra, but this author's study of the early coinage of Seleucus I at Susa (Persepolis, p. 9) tends to

support NewelFs chronology, which links the appearance of the elephant quadriga issues of Seleucia

and elephant biga coins of Susa to the Battle of Ipsus. R. Hadley, "Royal Propaganda of Seleucus I

and Lysimachus," JHS 94 (1974), p. 58, proposes a date after 285 B.C. for the commencement of mint

operations at Bactra. An opening date as early as c. 293 B.C., which has been suggested by M. Mitchi-

ner, Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage, 1 (London, 1975), p. 10, is not supported by the numis-

matic evidence. P. Bernard and O. Guillaume, "Monnaies inedites de la Bactriane grecque a AI

Khanoum (Afghanistan)," RN 1980, pp. 17-19, have noted that a brick discovered in the excavations

of Ai Khanoum carries the distinctive monogram A, and have advanced with reservation the possi-

bility that coins of Seleucus I and Antiochus I with the same monogram may have been struck at AI

Khanoum and not at Bactra.

2 Newell, ESM, p. 249, suggests that Diodotus's claim to full independence from the Seleucid Em-

pire, and the appearance of his own name on coinage of Bactra, did not occur until after the death of

Antiochus II in 247 B.C. A. Bellinger, "The Coins from the Treasure of the Oxus," ANSMN 10 (1962),

pp. 61-63, supports Newell's chronology in rejecting J. Wolski's view that Diodotus did not assume

the title of king in Bactra until 239, during the reign of Seleucus II. As Bellinger has pointed out,

the absence of any known Bactrian coinage of the latter king is persuasive evidence supporting Newell's

earlier dating for Diodotus's seizure of authority.

Northeast

119

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Horn-

ed and bridled horse's head r.

Drachm.

1284. JR I 4.18. Rev. to r., @. Obv. die

and rev. monogram of ESM 690.

Hemidrachm.

1286. JR I 2.05. Rev. no visible monogram.

See ESM 691, a hemidrachm of

similar type with r. field mono-

gram @.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to 1.,

; other monogram, if any,

off flan.

Drachm.

1286. JR I 3.83. See ESM 698, a similar

drachm with the same monogram.

Obv. Head of Apollo r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Lyre;

to r., @.

1287. JE I 2.47. P. Bernard and O. Guil-

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

laume, "Monnaies ineditcs de la

Bactriane grecque a At Khanoum

(Afghanistan), RN 1980, p. 28,

type 3. See also G. Le Rider,

"Les Monnaies," Fouilles d'Al

Khanoum 1 (Memoires de la

Delegation arche"ologique francai-

se en Afghanistan 21, Paris, 1973),

p. 204, 13, a bronze issue of

similar type with the monogram

A. Said to come from Afghanistan.

Obv. As 1284.

Rev. Inscription and type as 1286.

Stater.

1288. A \ 8.36. Rev. to 1., above A.

Obv. die style as ESM 699.

Tetradrachm.

1289. JR I 16.73. Rev. to 1., @. ESM 705.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

II r.; dotted border.

1290.

1291.

1292.

1293.

1294.

1295.

1296.

Rev. BAZIAK2Z ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Stater.

N \ 8.39. Rev. to 1., A. Obv. die of

ESM 706; rev. die of ESM 704r),

attributed by Newell to Antiochus

I. Houghton, Tarik Darren, p. 36,

29 (this coin).

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

I r.

Stater.

A I 8.48. Rev. to 1. of Apollo's head,

star; above knees, A ; to 1. of

legs, lyre. ESM 707.

120

Arthur Houghton Collection

EASTERN REGION: UNCERTAIN MINTS

SELEUCUS I

Obv. Head of Dioscurus r.; dotted

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Fore-

part of horned horse r.; above,

anchor; to r., @ ; dotted bor-

der.

1300. JE *- 6.91. Obv. to 1., . ESM 749.

Said to be from Iran.

1301. JE \ 8.25. Obv. to 1., < .

Newell, WSM, p. 261, suggests an

attribution for coins of the above type to

Bactria or eastern Iran.

Obv. Horned and bridled horse's

head r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY In-

verse Anchor; dotted border.

Drachms.

1302. M f 3.81. Auctiones 5, 2 Dec. 1975,

190. Jameson 1657 (this coin);

ESM 752 (this coin).

1303. A <- 4.32. Rev. to 1., bunch of grapes.

ESM 753.

Newell suggests a mint in eastern Iran

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

or western Afghanistan for issues of

the above type.

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's skin

r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter.

1304. A / 4.11. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor;

beneath throne, PB . Said to be

from Syria. The monogram has no

parallel among western issues of

Seleucus, and the cupped flan

suggests an eastern mint.

1305. JR \ 4.10. Rev. to 1., ; beneath

throne, fH. See C.-Y. Petitot-

Biehler, "Trdsor de monnaies

grecques et greco-bactriennes

trouve" a AI Khanoum (Afghanis-

tan)," RN 1975, p. 40, 52, a

tetradrachm with the same un-

usual placement of the inscription

and a similar 1. field monogram.

Said to be from Iran.

Petitot-Biehler cites G. Le

Rider's view that the AI Khanoum

tetradrachm may be from a

peripheral eastern mint, or part

of an exceptional issue. The

existence of two coins of different

denominations within the same

series vitiates the possibility

that they are imitations.

1306. i4t f 4.09. Rev. to 1., inverted anchor

above indistinguishable mono-

gram; beneath throne, A . NFA

7, 6 Dec. 1979, 254. Possibly

struck at Ecbatana.

ANTIOCHUS I

Obv. Head of Heracles in lion's

skin r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Zeus

seated 1. on throne, holding

eagle and scepter.

Uncertain East

121

Obv. Horned horse's head r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY In-

verted anchor; to 1., 3> ; to r.,

a.

1309. JR. <- 6.45. WSM 886. Said to be from

Lebanon. Newell suggests that

coins of this type may have been

struck in the Tigris-Euphrates

region.

ANTIOCHUS II

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow; to r.,

@; in exergue, H , partly off

flan.

Tetradrachm.

1310. JR 17.02. Dies of Glendinning, 10

Oct. 1951, 310. A third example,

struck from the same dies and

showing the exergue monogram

clearly is in the ANS, I 16.75.

Both coins have hammered edges

and non-oriented dies. The

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

obverse style suggests that of

certain Bactrian staters, such as

1290, above.

SELEUCUS II

Obv. Head of Athena wearing Co-

rinthian helmet r.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nike

standing 1., holding wreath;

palm branch behind 1. shoul-

der; to 1., NA.

Stater.

1311. A \ 8.53. Houghton, Tarik Darreh,

p. 34, 32 (this coin).

ANTIOCHUS III

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; dotted border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1312. JR \ 16.93. Rev. to 1., X . Obv. die

of WSM 1682y-E. Said to be from

the Ma'aret en-Numan hoard (CH

6, 37 "Syria"; CH 7, 97). Newell,

ESM, p. 372 has attributed this

coin with reservation to Susa as

part of Series II (ESM 392-404),

which Le Rider (Suse, p. 25, n. 7),

suggests should be assigned to

Nisibis. For another example,

struck from different dies, see

G. K. Jenkins, "A Hellenistic

Hoard from Mesopotamia,"

ANSMN 13 (1967), p. 54, 87.

1313. JR f 16.59. Rev. t0 1., 3> above E.

Said to be from Iran.

SELEUCUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Seleucus r.;

fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ZEAEYKOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow;

within the bow, in small let-

122

Arthur Houghton Collection

ANTIOCHUS IV

Obv. Diademed head of Antiochus

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY Nude

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos,

holding arrow and bow.

Tetradrachms.

1316. A f 16.70. Rev. to!., prj> ; to r., \rS

( ?). Said to be from Iran.

1317. Al f 15.21. Rev. to 1., tripod. Strauss,

p. 115, 37 (this coin). Said to be

from Iran.

Morkholm has suggested an attribu-

tion to Antioch on the Persian Gulf for

the above two issues.

TIMARCHUS

Obv. Cornucopiae; laurel wreath

border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ METAAOY TI-

MAPXOY Nike walking 1.,

holding wreath.

1318. JE f 7.59. Houghton, "Timarchus as

King in Babylonia," RN 1979,

p. 214, fig. D (this coin).

DEMETRIUS I

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQS AHMHTPIOY

Nude Apollo seated 1. on om-

phalos, holding arrow and

bow.

Tetradrachms.

1319. A. -> 16.70. Rev. to 1., PP ; to r., hP.

Said to be from Iran.

1320. JR f 15.61. Rev. to 1., 4>; to retraces

of monogram. Strauss, p. 115, 78

(this coin).

Merkholm has suggested that 1319-

20 may have been struck at Antioch on

the Persian Gulf.

Obo1.

1321. JR f 0.56. Obv. to 1., if] . Said to be

from Iran.

Obv. Diademed head of Demetrius

r.; fillet border.

Rev. Illegible inscription. Inverse

anchor.

1322. JE f 5.34. Said to be from Iran.

ALEXANDER I BALAS

Obv. Diademed head of Alexander

r.; fillet border.

Rev. BAZIAEQZ AAEEANAPOY

9EOfTATOPOZ EYEPTETOY

Zeus seated 1. on throne, hold-

ing Nike and scepter; in

exergue, H.

Tetradrachm.

1323. JR f 16.83. Auctiones 12, 29 Sept.

1981, 143. Modeled on Alexan-

der's regular issues of Antioch,

this coin's schematic, somewhat

mechanical style and the flat

surfaces of its flan suggests its

issuance at another mint, however,

perhaps in northern Syria or

Mesopotamia. Its obverse die

appears to have been cut by the

same hand as MFA 2173, which

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

PLATES

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 2

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 3

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 4

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

PIate 5

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 6

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 7

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 9

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 10

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 11

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 12

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 14

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

PIate 15

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 16

SYRIA SELEUCIS

272

273

275

276

277

280

281

282

283

271

278

279

284

285

289

290

29 1

295

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 17

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 18

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 19

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 20

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Plate 21

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 22

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 24

SYRIA SELEUCIS

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

CILICIA

Plate 25

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 26

CILICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 28

CILICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 30

CILICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

CILICIA

Plate 31

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 32

CILICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 34

WEST ASIA MINOR

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

WEST ASIA MINOR

Plate 35

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 36

HELLESPONT

WEST ASIA MINOR

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 38

HELLESPONT

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

HELLESPONT

Plate 39

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 40

PHOENICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

PHOENICIA

Plate 41

701 702 703 704 705

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 42

PHOENICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

PHOENICIA

Plate 43

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 44

PHOENICIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 46

PALESTINE

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

PALESTINE

Plate 47

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 48

PALESTINE

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

PALESTINE COELE-SYRIA

Plate 49

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 50

COELE-SYRIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

867 868 869 870 871

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 52

MESOPOTAMIA

UNCERTAIN SOUTH

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

MESOPOTAMIA

Plate 53

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 54

MESOPOTAMIA BABYLONIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 56

BABYLONIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

BABYLONIA

Plate 57

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 58

BABYLONIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

IANOIYHVH

95 eatid

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 60

BABYLONIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SUSIANA

Plate 61

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 62

SUSIANA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SUSIANA

Plate 63

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 64

SUSIANA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SUSIANA

Plate 65

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

SUSIANA BALUCHISTAN

1101 1105 1106 1107 1108

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

OEII

9211

szn

LZU

9en

9IIt

8111

LUX

9111

##

5IU

HIT

E1 11

em

0 % 0 <ft & % gk

xxxx

Oil!

9011

L9 n*ld

viaaw NVJ.siHDmva

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 68

MEDIA

1116 1147 1118 1119 1150 1151 1152

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

MEDIA

Plate 69

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 70

MEDIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

MEDIA

Plate 71

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

ZL W\d

vi ciaro

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

MEDIA

Plate 73

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 74

MEDIA

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

MEDIA NORTHEAST

Plate 75

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

Plate 76

UNCERTAIN EAST

NORTHEAST

1300 1301 1302 1303 1301 1305 1300

Generated for anonymous on 2015-02-15 19:25 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015013527562


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#cc-by-nc-sa-4.0

UNCERTAIN EAST

Plate 77

Interesses relacionados