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Decision Sciences

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Drexel University

STAT 202 – Business Statistics II, Fall 2014

Chapter 11. Analysis of Variance

True/False Questions

• 1. One-factor ANOVA is a procedure intended to compare the variances of c samples.

• 2. Analysis of variance is a procedure intended to compare the means of c samples.

• 3. Hartley's test measures the equality of the means for several groups.

• 4. Hartley's test is to check for unequal variances for c groups.

• 5. ANOVA assumes equal variances within each treatment group.

• 6. ANOVA assumes normal populations.

• 7. Tukey's test compares pairs of treatment means in an ANOVA.

• 8. Tukey's test is sim ilar to a two-sample t-test except that it pools the variances for all c samples.

• 9. Tukey's test is not needed if we have the overall F statistic for the ANOVA.

• 10. Interaction plots that show crossing lines indicate likely interactions.

• 11. Interaction plots that show parallel lines would suggest interaction effects.

• 12. In a two-factor ANOVA with three columns and four rows, there can be more than two interaction effects.

• 13. Sample sizes must be equal in one-factor ANOVA.

• 14. One-factor ANOVA with two groups is equivalent to a two-tailed t-test.

• 15. One factor ANOVA stacked data for five groups will be arranged in five separate columns.

• 16. Hartley's test is the largest sample mean divided by the smallest sample mean.

• 17. Tukey's test for five groups would require 10 comparisons of means.

• 18. ANOVA is robust to violations of the equal-variance assumption as long as group sizes are equal.

• 19. Levene's test for homogeneity of variance is attractive because it does not depend on the assumption of normality.

• 20. Tukey's test with seven groups would entail 21 comparisons of means.

• 21. Tukey's test pools all the sample variances.

• 22. It is desirable, but not necessary, that sample sizes be equal in a one -factor ANOVA.

Important Facts

 • Variation "within" the ANOVA treatments represents: random variation. • In an ANOVA, when would the F-test statistic be zero? When the treatment means are the same. • ANOVA is used to compare: means of several groups. • Analysis of variance is a technique used to test for: equality of two or more means. • In an ANOVA, the SSE (error) sum of squares reflects: the variation that is not explained by the • factors. In a one-factor ANOVA, the computed value of F will be negative: under no circumstances. • One-factor analysis of variance: has less power when the number of observations per group is not • identical. In a one-factor ANOVA, the total sum of squares is equal to: the sum of squares within groups • plus the sum of squares between groups. The within-treatment variation reflects: variation among individuals of the same group.