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DID Malaysia

Soving Urban Flooding


Through Sustainable
Stormwater Management
Dr Hj Md Nasir bin Md Noh
Department of Irrigation and Drainage
Malaysia

Contents
Introduction and Background
Issues and Challenges
Urban Stormwater Management
Strategic Direction
Program and Activities
Expected Outcomes and Conclusions

JABATAN PENGAIRAN DAN SALIRAN

Agricultural Area
Urban Area

Residential Area

Urban Hydrology

http://www.coastcartoonstudio.com/watercycle.html

Change in landuse within


the catchment area for
development directly
influences the
hydrological cycle; alters
the natural water cycle in
the basin.

Urban Water Cycle

Issues and Challenges


Flood
Erosion and Sedimentation
Pollution
Climate Change

Kuala Lumpur - 29th Oct 2001

Kuala Lumpur - 11th June 2002

Kuala Lumpur - 10th June 2003

Kuala Lumpur - 4th June 2007

Erosion and Sediment Control - Construction


Storm Hyetograph

Rainfall (mm)

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0

15

30

55

75

125

75

125

75

125

Time (minute)

Discharge Hydrograph
0.1400
0.1200

Flow (m3/s)

0.1000
0.0800
0.0600

0.0400
0.0200
0.0000
0

15

30

55

Time (minute)

Concentration (mg/l)

Pollutograph of TSS
40000
35000
30000
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
0

15

30

55

TIME (minute)

Erosion and Sediment Control - Agriculture

Non-Point Source Pollution

Point Source Pollution

Restaurant
Car Wash
Workshop
Wet Market
STP

% Pollution Contribution

STP

52

Eateries

16

Institutional

12

Industrial

Workshops

Squatters

Wet Markets

Carwash

Commercial

Residential
Landfill

1
0

LONG TERM ANNUAL RAINFALL (1965 - 2002)

COMPARISON

4000

URBAN AND
GREEN AREA

3117070
2818110

Rainfall mm/year

3500

3000

large
difference

2500

Small difference

Year

2001

1999

1997

1995

1993

1991

1989

1987

1985

1983

1981

1979

1977

1975

1973

1971

1969

1967

1500

1965

2000

LONG TERM ANNUAL RAINFALL (1965 - 2002)


4000

3117070
2818110

Rainfall mm/year

3500

Kuala Lumpur

3000

2500

2000

2001

1999

1997

1995

1993

1991

1989

1987

1985

1983

1981

1979

1977

1975

1973

1971

1969

1967

1965

1500

Year

Small
difference

large
difference

4000

1538117
1834122

Johor Bahru

3500

Rainfall mm/year

3000

2500

2000

1500

Gap in rainfall trends between urban and green areas

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

1986

1985

1984

1983

1982

1981

1980

1979

1978

1977

1976

1975

1974

1973

1000

Stormwater Management Key Elements


K1

Quantity Control
2

Quality Control
3

4
5

Erosion and Sediment Control

Operation and Maintenance

Aesthetic Value

Urban Stormwater Management


Mud Flood

Water Pollution

Flash Flood

ESCP

Quality Control

Quantity Control

Guidelines and Practices


Raise
Reduce

Create
Eliminate
MSMA 2000

: 20 Volume, 48 Chapters

MSMA 2nd Edition

: 1 Volume, 20 Chapters

Approach
On-site

Level
Community

on-site storage
community storage
regional storage

Regional

Control at source

JABATA

Inlet

Pond

Outflow Flood Hydrograph


Q

t
Inflow Flood Hydrograph
Outlet

Inlet
Outlet

Pond

STORAGE EFFECT ON THE OUTFLOW FLOOD HYDROGRAPH

JABATAN PENGAIRAN DAN SALIRAN

SWM STRATEGIC DIRECTION

Stormwater and
related ecosystem as a
resource

SWM
Infrastructure
Asset

Stakeholders
and users of the
resource and
the SWM infra
asset

1st STRATEGIC DIRECTION


1. SWM Infrastructure Asset

Management Component

Goal

Develop, operate, maintain and


upgrade infrastructure
World class facilities and practices

Objective

Improve performance of SWM

SWM INFRASTRUCTURE ASSET


SWM Infrastructure Asset Short term (2010)

Long term (2020)

Solve

flash flooding

Reduce non-point
pollution

localized flash
flood
by minimum 30%

by minimum 70%

Reduce sediments from by 70%


construction sites

by 90%

Reduce DWF PS
pollution

by minimum 30%

by minimum 15%

2nd STRATEGIC DIRECTION


2. Stormwater and Related Ecosystem as a
Resource

Management Component

Goal

Regulate the resource (water and eco-system)


utilization
Conservation and sustainable utilization

Objective

Promote as alternative water source


Conserve and rehabilitate eco-system
Upgrade aesthetic features

STORMWATER AS A RESOURCE
Stormwater and related
ecosystem as a resource

Short term (2010)

Long term (2020)

Water demand for major 1% contribution


towns facing water
stress

5% contribution

Introduce natural stream Towns with City


eco-system restoration
status
& conservation

Other towns

Incorporate aesthetic
feature

All new projects


and 3% of existing
facilities

All new projects


and 1% of existing
facilities

3rd STRATEGIC DIRECTION


3. Stakeholders and Users of the Resource
and the SWM Infra Asset

Management Component

Goal

Enhance stakeholder participation


Effective role and first world mentality by
stakeholders

Objective

Increase the public awareness and attitude and


participation

STAKEHOLDER AND USERS


Stakeholders and users of Short term (2010)
the resource and the SWM
infra asset

Implement Local
Agenda 21 SW sector

Long term (2020)

at 30% of the
at 60% of the
towns (comprising towns
the bigger towns
first)

SWM PROGRAM AND ACTIVITIES


One Stop Centre
Preparation of Stormwater Masterplan for
Major Town
Monitoring and Enforcement
Capacity Building
Stakeholder Participation and Public Outreach
R&D

1. OSC (One Stop Centre)


Implementation of One stop
Centre for Development
proposal
Improve the procedure,
process and delivery system
Prepare Post Construction
SOP

STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOR SUBMISSION CHECKLIST
APPLICATION FOR LANDUSE CONVERSION
AND LAND SUBDIVISION REVIEW CHECKLIST

APPLICATION FOR DRAINAGE AND


STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
REVIEW CHECKLIST
APPLICATION FOR EROSION AND
SEDIMENT CONTROL
REVIEW CHECKLIST

Malaysian Standard
Urban Stormwater
Management

Expected SIRIM
publication by May
2013

2. Preparation of Stormwater Management


Master Plan for Major Town
List of Town
1. Kangar, Arau dan Padang Besar
2. Parit Buntar dan Bagan Serai
3. Ipoh
4 Manjung, Lumut dan Sitiawan
5. Klang
6. Sg. Besi dan Seri Kembangan
7. Bandar Sungai Buloh
8. Kajang

Pelan Induk Bandar Sungai Buloh

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Tuaran, Mengatal dan Talipok


Tawau
Kuching dan Kota Samarahan
Miri
Pasir Gudang
Tanah Merah
Pasir Mas
Dungun
Kuantan

Pelan Induk Seri Kembangan

3. Monitoring and Enforcement


PM INSTRUCTION AS CHAIRMAN OF NATIONAL
WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL MEETING ON 20th August
2008
"All State and Federal Government must implement an
integrated monitoring and enforcement activities Ops
Lumpur Program to address the problem of flooding and
pollution of the river"

Ops Lumpur Objectives


To ensure all developers comply Land
Development Plan and Erosion and
Sedimentation Control Plan that had been
revised by State/District DID and
approved by Local Authorities.
To reduce mud flood event occurring
during land development and to reduce
silt flowing into drainage system
MSMA use solely (as approved by cabinet
in 2001) for sustainable development for
the whole country

ONE NRE ENFORCEMENT

Joint Enforcement between DOE &


DID
Section 31 & 34 of EQA (Erosion
and Sediment Control)

4. Capacity building

Capacity Building
MSMA as part of important subject in
University (e.g. USM, UM, UTM & UNITEN
etc)

Training program

Government Agencies (JKR, KPKT,ILPBT)

NGOs and Private Sectors

Malaysian Stormwater Organisation


(MSO)

Organising Seminars and


Examinations
Joint Organiser with RoL Key
Initiative Holders
CPESC, CPSWQ & CESSWI

5. Stakeholder Participation &


Public Outreach

Stakeholder involvement
during preparation of
Master Plan

6. R & D
Guideline for Erosion and

Sediment Control in Malaysia


Pemasangan Sistem
Pemantauan Kualiti Air di IDICODE, Ipoh
Pemasangan Sistem
Pemantauan Kualiti Air di
Upstream Sg Kinta (sebelum
Bandar Ipoh)
Study on the Performance of

RESAM
GPT Monitoring
Bio-media test for RWTP

EXPECTED OUTCOMES &


CONCLUSIONS
Minimize and control nuisance flooding
and provides safe passage of less frequent
flood events
Stabilize the landform and control erosion
Minimize runoff water quantity impact on
environment
Provide safety for the public and protect
properties
Harmonize public and ecosystem needs

http://www.water.gov.my

Download

MSMA 2nd Edition

Thank You